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every their aiders and comforters, knowing the said offences or any of 5 & 6 E. VI. them to be done, being thereof convicted or attainted according to the c. 11.
Laws and Statutes of this realm, shall be deemed and adjudged high
V. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any Person or Persons after the said first day of June, next coming, rebdiliously do detain, keep, or withhold from our said Sovereign Lord, his said heirs and successors, any of his or their castles, fortresses, fortilesses, or holds within this realm, or in any other the King's Dominions or Marches, or rebelliously keep, detain, or withhold from the said King's Highress, his said heirs or successors, any of his or their ships, ordinances, artillery, or other munitions or fortifications of war, and do not obediently render and give up to our said Sovereign Lord, his said heirs and successors, or to such Persons as shall be deputed by them or any of them, such castles, fortresses, fortilesses, holds, ships, ordinances, artillery, or other munitions and fortifications of war, 'rebelliously kept and detained, within six days next after they shall be commanded by our said Sovereign Lord, his said heirs or successors, by open proclamation under the Great Seal, the same proclamation to be made in such place and order, so as the Party and Parties to be charged by this Act may conveniently have notice or knowledge thereof: That then every such Person or Persons so offending in any of the premises after the said first day of June, their abettors, procurers, and counsellors, and all and every their aiders and comforters, knowing the said offences or any of them to be done, being lawfully convicted of the rebelliously keeping and detaining thereof, according to the Laws and Statutes of this realm, shall be adjudged Traitors, and shall suffer pains of death, and lose and forfeit all their goods and chattels, lands and tenements unto the King, as in cases of High
Treason. Before whom VI. And over that be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any Treasons of the King's Subjects, Denizens, or other, do commit or practise out of committed out the limits of this realm in any outward parts, any the offences which by of the Realm
this Act are made, or heretofore now standing in force have been made shall be tried. Treason, That then such Treasons, whatsoever they be, or wheresoever
they should happen so to be done or committed, shall be enquired and presented by the oaths of twelve good and lawful men, upon good and probable evidence and witness, in such shire and county of this realm, and before such Persons, as it shall please the King, his said heirs or successors, to appoint by commission under his Great Seal, in like manner and form as Treasons committed within this realm have been used to be enquired of and presented : And
that upon every indictment and presentment founded and made of such Treasons, and certified into the King's Bench, like process and other circumstance shall be there made and had against the Offenders, as if the same Treason so presented had been lawfully found to
be done and committed within the limits of this realm. Process of VII. And that all process of Outlawry hereafter to be had and 'made Outlawry within this realm, against any Offenders in Treason being resiant or inhaawarded bitant out of the limits of this realm, or in any the parts beyond the sea, against an Of- at the time of the Outlawry pronounced against them, shall besas good and fenderin Trea- effectual in the Law to all intents and purposes, as if any such Offenders son, being out had been resident and dwelling within this realm at the time of such proof the Realm.
cess awarded and Outlawry pronounced. The Party out- VIII. Provided always, and be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, lawed yieldeth That if the Party so hereafter to be outlawed, shall within one year next himself to the after the said outlawry pronounced or judgment given upon the said outChief Justice lawry, yield himself unto the Chief Justice of England for the time being, of England. and offer to traverse the indictment or appeal whereupon the said out
lawry shall be pronounced as is aforesaid, That then he shall be received to the said traverse, and being thereupon found Not Guilty by the verdict of twelve men, he shall be clearly acquitted and discharged of the said outlawry, and of all Penalties and Forfeitures by reason of the same, in
as large and ample manner and form as though no such outlawry had been No. XX. made; any thing herein contained to the contrary in any wise notwith
5 & 6 E. VI. standing IX. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every
c. 11. Offender or Offenders being hereafter lawfully convict of any manner of High Treason, by presentment, confession, verdict, or process of outlawry, Forfeiture by according to the due course and custom of the Laws of this realm, shall Attainder of lose and forfeit to the King's Highness, his heirs and successors aforesaid, Lands in Fees all such lands, tenements, and hereditaments which any such Offender or
tail. Offenders shall have of any estate of inheritance in his own right, in use or possession, within this Realm of England, or elsewhere within any of the King's Dominions, at the time of any such treasons committed, or any time after:
X. And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That no Person Within what or Persons shall in any wise be impeached for any of the offences above- time and besaid, committed only by open preaching or words, unless the Offender or fore whom the Offenders be thereof accused within three months next after the same Offender must open preaching and words, and that the same accusation or accusations be be accused. had, made and declared to one of the King's Council, or to one of the King's Justices of Assize, or else to one of the King's Justices of the Peace, being of the Quorum, or to two Justices of the Peace within the shire where the same offence or offences shall happen to be done or committed;
; any thing contained in this Act to the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding.
XI. Provided also, and be it declared and enacted by the authority Concealment aforesaid, That concealment or keeping secret of any High Treason, be of High Trea. deemed and taken only Misprision of Treason, and the Offender therein to son is Mispriforfeit and suffer as in cases of Misprision of Treason, as heretofore hath sion of Treabeen used; any thing above mentioned to the contrary notwithstanding.
XII. Provided always, and be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, No Person That no Person or Persons after the first day of June next coming, shall shall be atbe indicted, arraigned, condemned, convicted, or attainted for any of the tainted of Treasons or offences aforesaid, or for any other Treasons that now be, or Treason but hereafter shall be, which shall hereafter be perpetrated, committed, or upon the Tesdone, unless the same Offender or Offenders be thereof accused by two timony of two lawful accusers; which said accusers at the time of the
arraignment of the lawful AcParty accused, if they be then living, shall be brought in person before the Party so accused, and avow and maintain that that they have to say against the said Party, to prove him guilty of the Treasons or offences contained in the Bill of Indictment laid against the Party arraigned; unless the said Party arraigned shall willingly without violence confess the same: Saving to every Person and Persons, their heirs and successors, other than the The right of Offenders and their heirs, and such Person and Persons as claim to any
others saved. their uses, all such rights, titles, interest, possessions, leases, rents, reversions, offices and other profits, which they or any of them shall have at the day of committing such Treasons, or at any time er, in as large and ample manner as if this Act had never been had nor made.
XIII. Provided also, and be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That The Wife shall the Wife or Wives whose Husband or Husbands hereafter shall be at- lose her Dower tainted of Treasons specified in this Act, or of any other Treasons whatso- where the ever they be, shall in no wise be received to ask, challenge, demand, or Husband is athave dower of any of the lands, tenements, or hereditaments of any 'the tainted of Person or Persons to be attainted of Treason as is aforesaid, during the High Treason. said attainder in his force; any thing before-mentioned to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.
P. [ No. XXI. ] 1 Mary, sess. 1. c. 1.- An Act repealing No. XXI. and taking away certain Treasons, Felonies, and Cases
1 Mary, of Premunire.
sess. 1. c. 1, FORASMUCH as the state of every King, Ruler and Governor of The state of a
any realm, dominion, or commonalty, standeth and consisteth more King standeth Vol. V.
No. XXI. • assured by the love and favour of the Subject toward their Sovereign 1 Mary,
*Ruler and Governor, than in the dread and fear of Laws made with
rigorous pains and extreme punishment for not obeying of their Sovesess. 1. c. 1. « reign Ruler and Governor: And Laws also justly made for the preserva
* tion of the Commonweal, without extreme punishment or great pemore assured-nalty, are more often for the most part obeyed and kept than Laws and ly by the love
• Statutes made with great and extreme punishments, and in special such of hisSubjects, than in fear of
• Laws and Statutes so made, whereby not only the ignorant and rude unLaws.
learned People, but also learned and expert People, minding honesty, are often and many times trapped and snared, yea many times for words only, • without other fact or deed done or perpetrated:
* II. The Queen's most excellent Majesty, calling to remembrance that many, as well honourable and noble Persons, as other of good reputation within this her Grace's Realm of England, have of late (for words only, without other opinion, fact, or deed) suffered shameful death, not accustomed to Nobles; her Highness therefore of her accustomed clemency and mercy, minding to avoid and put away the occasion and cause . of like chances hereafter to ensue, trusting her loving Subjects will, for • her clemency to them shewed, love, serve, and obey her Grace the more
heartily and faithfully, than for dread or fear of pains of body, is con• tented and pleased that the severity of such like extreme, dangerous and
• painful Laws, shall be abolished, annulled, and made frustrate and void.' No act or of
III. Be it therefore ordained and enacted by the Queen our Sovereign fence shall be Lady, with the assent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and of the Treason, Pety Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of Treason, or the same, That from henceforth none act, deed,
or offence, being by Act of Misprision, Parliament or Statute made Treason, Pety Treason, or Misprision of but such as be Treason, by words, writing, ciphering, deeds, or otherwise whatsoever, declared by the Stat, of 25
shall be taken, had, deenied, or adjudged to be High Treason, Pety Trea
son, or Misprision of Treason, but only such as be declared and expressed Ed. 3. stat. 5. to be Treason, Pety Treason, or Misprision of Treason, in or by the Act 2.
of Parliament or Statute made in the twenty-fifth year of the reign of the most noble King of famous memory, King Edward the Third, touching or concerning Treason, or the declarations of Treasons, and none other; nor that any pains of death, penalty or forfeiture in any wise ensue or be to any Offender or Offenders, for the doing or committing any Treason, Pety Treason, or Misprision of Treason, other than such as be in the said Estatute made in the said twenty-fifth year of the reign of the said King Edward the Third, ordained and provided; any Act or Acts of Parliament, Statute or Statutes, had or made at any time heretofore or after the said twenty-fifth year of the reign of the said late King Edward the Third, or any other declaration or matter to the contrary in any wise not
withstanding All offences V. And be it further ordained and enacted by the authority aforesaid, made Felony, That all offences made Felony, or limited or appointed to be within the or in the case Case of Premunire, by any Act or Acts of Parliament, Statute or Statutes, of Premunire, made sithence the first day of the first year of the reign of the late King since Anno 1
of famous memory, King Henry the Eighth, not being Felony before, H. 8. repealed. nor within the case of Premunire, and also all and every branch, article,
and clause mentioned or in any wise declared in any of the same Estatutes, concerning the making of any offence or offences to be Felony, or within the case of Premunire, not being. Felony nor within the case of Premunire before, and all pains and forfeitures concerning the same, or any of them, shall from henceforth be repealed, and utterly void and of
none effect. No. XXII. [ No. XXII. ] 1 Mary, sess. 2. c. 6.-An Act that the 1M ary,
Counterfeiting of strange Coins being current within this sess. 2. c. 6. Realm, the Queen's Highness Sign Manual, Signet or
Privy Seal to be adjudged Treason. : FORASMUCH
as by the Laws of this realm -small and no due and condign punishment is at this present time provided for such evil
disposed Persons as shall counterfeit or forge such kind of Gold or Silver No. XXII. • of other realms, as is not the proper coin of this realm, and yet permitted
1 Mary, • and suffered by the Queen our Sovereign Lady's consent, and heretofore hath been permitted and suffered by the consent of her most noble pro
sess. 2. c. 6. genitors, to be currant in payment within this her realm, nor for such • Persons as shall counterfeit the Queen's Highness Sign Manual, or Privy
Signet, or Privy Seal; by reason whereof divers evil disposed Persons are encouraged and boldned daily to perpetrate and commit the said several • offences.
II. For edy whereof, be it enacted by our said Sovereign Lady the Treason to Queen, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the Commons, in this present forge the Coin Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That if any Per- of other realms son or Persons hereafter falsly forge and counterfeit any such kind of Coin currant in this of Gold or Silver, as is not the proper Coin of this realm, and is or shall realm, or the be currant within this realm, by the consent of the Queen, her heirs or
King's Sign successors: Or if any Person or Persons at any time hereafter do falsly
Manual, &c. forge or counterfeit the Queen's Sign Manual, Privy Signet, or Privy Seal'; that then every such offence shall be deemed and judged High Treason. And the Offenders therein, their counsellors, procurers, aiders and abettors, being convict according to the Laws of this realm of any of the said offences, shall be likewise deemed and adjudged Traitors against the Queen, her heirs and successors, and the realm, and shall suffer and have such pains of death, forfeiture of lands, goods, and chattels, and also lose the privilege of all sanctuary, as in the case of High Treason is used and ordained.
[ No. XXIII. ] 1 and 2 Philip and Mary, c. 3.-A Con
firmation of the Statute of 3 Ēd. 1. c. 34. and 2 R. 2. Stat. 1. c. 5. touching telling of News. Justices of Peace in every Shire, City, &c. shall have authority to hear and determine the said Offences, and to put the said two Statutes in execution. If any Person shall be convicted or attainted for speaking maliciously of his own imagination, any false, seditious and slanderous News, Saying, or Tales, of the King or Queen, then he shall for his first Offence be set on the Pillory in some Market-Place near where the words were spoken, and have both his ears cut off, unless he pay to the Queen an hundred pound within one month after Judgment given, and also shall be three months imprisoned: And if he shall speak any such slanderous and seditious News or Tales of the speaking or report of any other, then he shall be set on the Pillory, and have one of his ears cut off, unless he
pay an hundred Marks to the Queen's use within one month after, and shall be one month imprisoned: And if he shall do it by Book, Rhime, Ballad, Letter, or Writing, he shall have his right hand stricken off. And if any Person being once convicted of any of the Offences aforesaid, do afterward offend, he shall be imprisoned during his Life, and forfeit all his Goods and Chattels. EXP. 4 and 5 Ph. and
1 Eliz. c. 6.
M. c. 9.
[ No. XXIV. ] 1 and 2 Philip and Mary, c. 9.-If any
Person shall pray or desire that God will shorten the
malicious Prayer, amounting to the same effect, he, his Procurators and Abettors shall be adjudged Traytors. EXP. 1. El. c. 6. 23 El. c. 2.
[ No. XXV. ] 1 and 2 Philip and. Mary, c. 10.-An Act
whereby certain Offences be made Treasons, and also for the Government of the King's and Queen's Majesties' Issue. FORASMUCH as the great mercy and clemency heretofore declared
by the Queen’s Highness in releasing the penal Laws made by her progenitors, hath given occasion to many cankard and trayterous hearts to imagine, practise, and attempt things, stirring the People to disobe• dience and rebellion against her Highness; common policy and duty of
Subjects require that some Law be eftsones established, to restrain the . malice of such wicked and evil doers, whereby they may be prohibited to • blow abroad such shameful slanders and lies as they daily invent and
imagine of her highness and the King's Majesty her most lawful Husband, which when they be heard cannot be but odible and detested of * all good men, considering they touch their Majesties, upon whom de. pendeth the whole unity and universal wealth of this realm:
Person during the marriage between the King and the Queen's Majesties do compass or imagine to deprive the King's Majesty from the
having with the Queen the stile, honour, and kingly name, or to destroy “ the King, or to levy war within this realm against the King or Queen, or
any of her heirs, being Kings or Queens of this realm, or to depose “ the Queen or the heirs of her body; and the same utter by open preaching, express words, or sayings: Or if any
Person by preaching, express words, or sayings, shall maliciously, advisedly, and directly say, “ or hold opinion, that the King ought not to have with the Queen the “ the stile, honour, and kingly name of this realm, or that the Queen is not “ or of right ought not to be Queen, or that the heirs of her body being “ Kings and Queens of this Realm, ought not to be Kings and Queens of “ this Realm, every such offender shall forfeit all his Goods and Issues of “ his Lands for Life, as also shall have perpetual Imprisonment, EXP. “ Ecclesiastical persons being convicted for such offence, shall be deprived : “ And if any person convicted of the said offences shall after Conviction “ eftsones commit any of the said offences, such second offences shall be “ adjudged High Treason. If any person during the said Marriage com
pass or imagine the death of the King, and the same maliciously, advis“ edly and directly shall utter and attempt by any Writing, Printing, overt “ Deed or Act; or if any person shall maliciously, advisedly and directly, “ by Writing, Printing, Overt Deed or Act, affirm that the King ought “ not to have with the Queen the Stile, Honour and kingly name of this “ Realm : or by Writing, Printing, overt Deed or Act, maliciously, advisedly “ and directly, affirm, that the Queen is not, or ought not to be Queen; “ that the Heirs of her body, being Kings, &c. of right ought not to “ have the Crown, such offence shall be adjudged High Treason. EXP.”
• V. And albeit we the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, have firm Hope and Confi• dence in the Goodness of Almighty God, that like as he hath hitherto • miraculously preserved the Queen's Majesty from many great and immi• nent Perils and Dangers, even so he will of his infinite Goodness give her * Highness Strength, the rather by our continual Prayers, to pass well the • Danger of Deliverance of Child, wherewith it hath pleased him (to all
our great Comforts) to bless her: Yet forasmuch as all things of this • World be uncertain, and having before our eyes the dolorous Experience
of the inconstant Government during the time of the reign of the late King Edward the Sixth, do plainly see the manifold Inconveniences, great Dangers and Perils, that may ensue to this whole Realm, if Fore