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VIII. Law. If a robber and the person robbed agree together upon terms of restitution, no farther action shall lie against the robber.
IX. Law. Prescription shall never be pleaded as a right to stolen goods, nor shall a foreigner have a right to the goods of any Roman citizen, by the longest possession.
X Law. If any one betrays h;s trust, with respect to what is deposited in his hands, let him pay doublethe value of what was so deposited, to him who entrusted him with it.
XI- Law. If any one finds any of his goods in another plan's possession, who became possessed of them by a breach of trust, let the Praetor nominate three arbitrators to judge of it. And let the wrongful possessor pay double the value of what he has gained by detaining them.
XII- Law. If a slave has committed a robbery, or done any damage, with the privity, and at the instigation of his master, let the master deliver up the slave to the person injured, by way of compensation
OF LOANS, AND THE RIG0T OF CREDITORS OVER THEIR DEBTORS.
I. Law. Let him who takes more than one per Cent, interest for money, be condemned to pay four times the sum lent.
II. Law. When any person acknowledges a debt, oris condemned to pay it, the creditor shall give his debtor thirty days for the payment of it: After which he shall cause him to be seized, and brought before a Judge.
III. Law. If the debtor refuses to pay his debt, and can find nosecurity, his creditor may c:irry him home, and either tie him by the tuck, or put irons upon his feet, provided the chain does not weigh abov<- fifteen pounds; but it may be lighter, if he pleases.
IV Law. If the captive debtor will live at his own expence, let him; if not, let him who keeps him in chains allow him a pound of meal a day, or more, if he pleases.
V. Law. The creditor may keep his debtor prisoner for sixty days. If in this time the debtor docs not find means to pay .him, he that detains him shall bring him out before the people three market-days, and proclaim the sum, of which he has been defrauded.
VI. Law. If the debtor be insolvent to several creditors, let lis body be cut in pieces on the third market-day. It may be cut intotiore or frwer pieces with impunity: Or, if his creditors consent to i\ let him be sold t<» foreigners beyond the Tibet'•
OF THE RIGHT OF FATHERS OF FAMILIES.
I. Law. Let a father have the power of life and death over his1 legitimate children, and let him sell them when he pleases.
II. L.iw. But if a father has sold his son three times, let the son then be out of his father's power.
III. Law. Ifa father has a child born, which is monstrously deformed, let him kill him immediately.
IV. Law. Let not a son, whose father has so far neglected his education as not to teach him a trade-, be obliged to maintain his father in want; otherwise let all sons be obliged to relieve their fathers
V. Law. Let not a bastard be obliged to work to maintain his father.
OF INHERITANCES AND GUARDIANSHIPS.
I. Law. After the Death of a father of a family, let the disposition be mide of his estate, and his appointment concerning the guardianship of his children be observed
II. Law. If he dies intestate, and nas no children to succeed him, let his nearest relation be his heir; if he has no near relation, let a man of his own r.ame be his heir.
III. Law. When a freed-man dies intestate, andt without heirs, if' his patron be alive, or has left children, let the effects of the freedman go to the family of nis patron.
IV. Law. .,-ift.cr the death of a debtor, his debts shall be paid by his heirs, in proportion to the share they have in his inheritance. After this they may divide the rest of his effects, if they please, and the Prator shaH appoint three arbitrators to make the division
V. Law. If a father of a family dies intestate, and leaves an heir underage, let the child's nean.-it relation be his guardian.
VI- Law. If any one becomes mad, or prodigal, and has no-body to take care of him, let a relation, or if he has none, a mun of his own viame, have the care of his person and estate.
OF PROPERTY AND POSSESSION.
I. Law. When a man conv-ys his estate to another, let the terms <$ th.e conveyance create the rigbr.
II. La\f. If a slave, who was made free on condition of paying a ce*« tain sum, be afterwards sold, let him be set at liberty, if he pay the person who has bought him, the sum agreed upon.
III. Law. Let not any piece' of merchandize, though sold and deliver-d, belong to the buyer, till he has paid for it.
IV. Law. Let two years possession amount to a prescription for lands, and one for moveables.
V- Law In litigated cases the presumption shall always be on the side of the possessor: And in disputes about liberty or slavery, the presumption shall always be on the side of liberty.
OF TRESPASSES AND DAMAGES.
I. Law. If a beast does any damage in a field, let the master of the beast make satisfaction, or give up his beast
II. Law. If you find a rafter or a pole which belongs to you, in another man's house or vineyard, and they are made use of, do not pull down the house, or ruin the vineyard; but make the possessor pay double the value of the thing stolen j and when the house is destroyed, or the pole taken out of the vineyard, then seize what's your own.
III. Law. Whoever shall maliciously set fire to another man's house, or an heap of corn near his house, shall be imprisoned, scourged, and burnt to death. If he did it by accident, let him repair the damage: And if he be a poor man, let him be slightly corrected.
IV. Law. Whoever shall deprive another of the use of a limb, shall be punished according to the law of retaliation, if the person injured does not agree to accept some other satisfaction.
V< Law. If he has only dislocated a bone, let him pay three hundred pounds of brass if the sufferer be a freed-man, and a hundred and fifty if he be a slave.
VI. Law. For common blows with the fist, and injurious words, the punishment shall be twenty-five Asses of brass.
VII. Law. Whoever slanders another by words, or defamatory vert ses, and injures his reputation, shall be beaten with a club.
VIII. Law. Let him who has once been a witness, and refuses to bear witness again, though a public person, be deemed infamous, and made incapable of bearing witness any more.
IX. Law. Let every fake witness be thrown down headlong froip the Capitol,
X. Law. Whoerer shall wilfully kill a freed-mas or shall make use •f magical wor is to hurt him, or shall have prepared poison for him, or given it to him, shall be punished as an homicide.
XI. Law. et all Parricides be thrown into the river, sewed up in a leather bag, and with their heads veiled
XII Law. The guardian who manages the nffairs of his ward ill, shall be reprimanded; and if he be found to have cheated him, he shall restore double.
XIII. Law. A patron who shall have defrauded his client, shall be execrable*
OF ESTATES IN THE COUNTRY.
I. Law. Let the space of two foot and an half of ground be always left between one house and another
II. Law. Societies may make what by-laws they please among them', selves, provided they do not interfere with the public laws.
III. Law. When two neighbours have any disputes about theit bounds, the Prcetor shall assign them three arbitrators- ,
IV. Law. When a tree planted in a field does injury to an adjoining field by its shade, let its branches be cut off fifteen feet high
V. Law. If the fruit of a tree falls into a neighbouring field, the owner of the tree may go and pick it up.
VI« I aw. If a man would make a drain, to carry off the rainwater from his ground to his neighbour's, let the Prcetor appoint three arbitrators, to judge of the damage the water may do, and prevent it.
VII- ;-aw. Roads shall be.eight feet wide, where they run strai^ and where they turn, sixteen.
VIII. Law. If a road between two fields be bad, the traveller raa^ drive through which field he pleases
OV THE COMMON RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE.
I. Law. Let not privilege be granted to any person.
II. Law. Let both debtors who are got out of slavery, and strangers who have rebelled, and returned to their duty, be restored to iheir ancient rights, as if they never offended.
III. Lav. It shall be a capital crime for a judge o^ arbitrator to take money for passingjudgment
IV. Law. Let all causes, relating to the life, liberty, or rights of a Roman citizen, be tried only in Comitia by Centuries.
V. Law. Let the people appoint Quaestors, totakc cognizance <rf all capital cases.
VI. Law. Whoever shall hold seditious assemblies in the city by night, shall be put to death.
VII. Law. Let him who shall have solicited a foreigner to declare himself against Rome, or shall have delivered up a Roman citizen to a foreigner, lose his life.
VIII. Law. Let only the last laws of the people be in force, [i. e* let the List supercede all former ones, in the same case made and provided^
01? FUNERALS, AND ALL CEREMONIES RELATING TO THE DEAD.
I. Law. Let no dead body be interred, or burnt within the city.
II. Law. Let all costliness and excessive wailings be banished from funerals.
III. Law. Let not the wood, with which funeral piles are built, be cut with a saw.
IV. Law. Let the dead body be covered with no more than three habits, bordered with purple; and let no more than ten players upon the flute be employed in celebrating the obsequies
V. Law. Let not the women tear their faces, or disfigure themselves, or make hideous outcries.
VI. Law. Let not any part of a dead body be carried away, in. order to perform other obsequies for the deceased, unless he died -«T war, or out of his own country.
VII. Law. Let no slaves be embalmed after their death; let there be no drinking round a dead bodyj nor let any perfumed liquors be poured upon it.
VIII. Law. Let no crowns, festoons, perfuming-pots, or any kind of perfume, be carried to funerals.
IX. Law. If the deceased has merited a crown in the public games, by any exploit of his own, or the expertness of his slaves, or die swiftness of his horses, let his panegyrick be made at his funeral, and let ^ih relations have leave to put a crown upon his head, as well during: