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nee neptem Fratris vel sororis quis ducere potest, quamvis quarto gradu sint: cujus enim filiam ducere uon licet, neque ejus neptem pcrlnittitur. Ejus ver6 mulieris, quam pater tuus adoptavit, filiam non videris prohiberi uxorem ducere: quia neque naturali, neque civili, jure tibi conjungitur.
brother, or a sister s although the last are m the fourth degree. For when we are prohibited to take the daughter of any person in marriage, we are also prohibited to take hit grand-daughter. But it does not appear that there is any impediment against the marriage of a son with, the daughter of her, -whom his father hath adopted; for they bear no relation to each other, natural or civil.
$ IV. Duorum autem fratrum vel sororum liberi, vel fratris et sororis, conjungi possum.
De amita, matertera, amita % V. Item am ham, licet adoptiYam, ducere uxorem non licet; item nee materteram: quia parentum loco habentur. Qua ratione verum est, magnam quoque amitam, et materteram magnam, prohiberi uxorem ducere.
§ 4. The children of two brothers^ (Patrueles) or two sisters, (sobrjni) or of a brother and sister, (Consobrini) may be joined in matrimony* (Such are cousins. J
magna, matertera magna.
§ 5. A man may not marry his aunt either on the father's or the mother's side, although she is only so> by adoption; because they are regarded as representatives of parents. For the same reason no person may marry his great-aunt, either on hisfather's, or mother's side.
Item si adhuc privigna tua est, id est, si mater ejus tibi nupta est, ideo earn uxorem ducere non poteris, quia duas uxores eodcm tempore habere non licet.
at the same time. And the marriage of a man xvith his xvife's daughter., while her mother continues to be his wife, is also prohibited, because it is tinlaxvful to have two wives at once.
.... De socru ct noverca.
§ VII. Socriiin quoque et nover- § 7. A man is forbidden to marry
cam prohibitum est uxorem ducere: his wife's mother, and his father's
quia matris loco uunt: quod et ip- wife, because they both hold the place
sum, dissoluta demum affinitate, of mothers; and this, although the
procedit: alioquin, si adhuc nover- affinity is dissolved: besides a fa
ca est, id est, si adhuc patri tuo therms wife, while she continues to
nupta est, communi jure impeditur be so, may not marry, because no
tibi nubere, quia cadem duobus woman can have two husbands at
nupta esse non potest. Item si ad- the same time. Nor can a man mar
hue socrus est, id est, si adhuc filia ry his wife's mother, her daughter
ejus tibi nupta est, ideo impediun- continuing his wife, because it is a
tur tibi nuptix, quia duas uxores gainst the law to have two wives. habere non potes.
§ VIII» Mnriti tanien filius ex § 8. The son of a husband by a alia uxore, et uxoris filia ex alio former wife, and the daughter of a marito, vel contra, niatrimonium w\fe by a former husband, ande conrecte contrahunt; licet habeant fra- tra, (the daughter of an husband by trem sororemve ex matrimonio a former wife and the son of a tuife postca conlracto natos. by a former husband) may lawful
ly contract matrimony, even though a brother or sister is born of such second marriage between their respective parents.
De quasi privigna, quasi § IX. Si uxor tua poet divorti* um ex alio filiam procreavit, haec non est quidem privigna tua: sed Julianus abhujusmodi nuptiisabstineri debere ait: nam constat, nee sponsam filii nurum esse, nee patris sponsam novercam esse : rectius ta
nuru, et quasi noverca.
§ 9. The daughter of a divorced wife by a second husband, is not dattghter-in-lazu to the first htisband. But Julian says we ought to* abstain from such nuptials. It is also evident, that the espoused tvifc of a son, is not a daughter-in-law te men et jure facturos eos, qui ab hujusmodi nuptiis abstinuerint. gatio. "Imperio magistrates adoptamus eos easve, qui quave in potestate parentum sunt; sive primum gradum liberorum obtineant, qualis est filius, filia j sive inferiorem, qualis est nepos, n^ptis, pronepos, proneplis.
his father; and that the espoused wife of a father, is not a step-mother to his son: but it is right to abstain from such nuptials.
Dc scrvili cognationc.
$ X. Illud certum est, serviles § 10. It is clear that servile cog
quoque cognationes impedimcnto nation is an impediment to matri
nuptiis esse, si forte pater et filia, mony ; as when a father and daughr
aut frater et soror, manumissi fue- ter, or a brother and sister, are ma
rint. numitted. •
§ XI. Sunt et quae propter diversas rationes nuptias contrahere prohibentur, quas in libr'is digestorum scu pandectarum, ex jure veteri collectar::m, enumerari permisimus.
De reliquis prohibitionibus.
alia: person», § 11. There are other persons also, who, for diverse reasons, man not intermarry: we have caused these to be eiiumerated in the digests collected from the old law.
Be poenis injustarum miptiarum. § XII. Si adversus ea, qua dix- § 12. If persons cohabit in coniraus, aliqui coierint, nee vir,nec tempt of the rules thus laid down, then
uxor, nee nuptia, nee matrimomum, nee dos intelligitur. Itaque ii, qui ex eo coitu nascuntur in potestate patris non sunt : sed tales sunt (quantum ad patriam potestatem pertinent) quales sunt ii, quos ma
shallnot be deemed husband and wife, nor shall their marriage, or any portion given on account thereof, be valid; and the children, born in such cohabitation, shall not be under the poxver of the father. For, in res
ter vulgo concepit. Nam nee hi pect to paternal power, they resent
patrem habere intelliguntur, cum et blethe children of a common woman,
iis pater incertus sit; unde solent who are looked upon as having nofa
xfntrii appellari, *«p* T*» j*-«f«» et ther, because it is uncertain who he
*z*T»ptt; quasi sine patre filii. Se- is. They are therefore called in La
quitur ergo, ut, dissoluto tali coi- tin spurii, and in Greek apatores;
tu, nee dotis, nee donationis exac- i. e. without a father: hence, after the
tioni locus sit. Qui autem prohi- dissolution of such a marriage, no
bitas nuptias contrahunt, et alias portion, or gift, propter nuptias,
penas patiuntur, qua; sacris consti- can legally be claimed. They who
Uttionibm continentur. contract such prohibited matrimony,
must undergo the farther punishments set forth in our constitutions.
.j De legitimatione.
$ XIII. Aliquando autem evenit, §13. It sometimes happens, that utliberi,quistatim,ut nati sunt, in children who at their birth were not potestate parentum non sunt, postea under the power of their parents, are
redigantur in potestatem patris: qualts est is, qui dum naturalis fuerat^ postea curias datus, potestati patris subjicitur: nee non is, qui a muliere libera procreatus, cujus raa
reduced under it afterwards. Thus a natural son, who is made a Decurion, becomes subject to his father's power: and he who is born of a freewoman, with whom marriage is not
trimonium minime legibus inter- prohibited, will likewise become subdictuni fuerat, sed ad quam pater ject to the power ofhis father, as soon
of adoption iscalled arrogation. But it is by the authority of the magistrate, that we adopt persons actually under the power of their parents, whether they are in the first degree, as sons and daughters; or in an inferior degree, as grand-children or great grand-children.
Qui possunt adoptare filium-Cimilias, vel non.
§ II. Scd hodie, ex nostra constitutione, cum nlius-familias a patre naturali extranese personaB in adoptionem datur, jura patris naturalis minim e dis3olvunturj nee quicquam ad patrcm adoptivum transit, nee in potestate ejus est: licet ab intestato jura sticcessionis ei a nobis tributa sint. Si verA pater na» turalis non extraneo, scd avo filii sui materno; vel si ipse pater naluralis fuerit emancipatus, etiam avo vel proavo simili modo paterno vtl materno filium suum dederit in adoptionem; in hoc casu, quia concurrunt in unam personam et naturalia et adoptioais jura, manet stu
§ 2. But now, by our constitution^ when the son of a family is given in adoption by his natural father to a stranger, the power of tlie natural father is not dissolved, neither does any thing pass to the adoptive father^ nor is the adopted son in his power-) although we allow such son, the right of succession to his adoptive father dying intestate. But if a natural father should give his son in adoption, not to a stranger, but to the maternal grandfather of such son; or if a natural father, who has been emancipated, shoiddgive his son, begotten after emancipation to his pa-* ternal or maternal grandfather or
bile jus patris aduptivi, et naturali great-grandfather, in this case, the vinculo copidaium, et legitimo a- rights of nature and adoption coniloptionis modo constitutum, ut et curring, the power of the adoptive in familia et in potestate hujusmodi father is established both by natural patris adoptivi ait. tics and legal adoption, so that the
adopted son would be not only in the family, but under the power of his adoptive father.
De arrogatione impuberis.
v III. Cum autem impubes per priacipale rescriptum arrogatur, causa cognita, arrogatio fieri per mi ttitur: et exquiritur causa arrogationis, an honesta sit, expediatque
$ 3. When any one, r.ot arrived at puberty, is arrogated by the imperial rescript, inquiry is first made, whether .the arrogation be justly founded, and expedient for the pupil: