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Bus et matertera magna, id est, avis frater et soror: consobrinus, consobrina, id est, qui quaeve ex sororibus aut fratribus procreantur. Sed quidam recte consob linos eos proprie dici putant, qui ex duabus sororibus progenerantur, quasi consororinos : eos Vtro, qui ex duobus fratribus pros' nerantur, proprie fratres patrueles vocari : si auiem ex duobus fratribus filise nascuntur, sorores patrueles appellari. At eos, qui ex fratre et sorore progenerantur, amitinos proprie dici putant. Amitae tuae lilii consobrinum te appellant, tu illos amitinos.

Quintus § III. Quinto gradu supra atavus, atavia: infra atnepos, atneptis: ex transverso, fratris sororisque pronepos, proneptis: et convenienter propatruus, proamita, id est, proavi frater et soror: et proavunculus et promatertera, id est, proavi e frater et soror: item fratris patruelis, vel sororis patruelis, consobrini et consobrina;, amitini et amitins films, filia: propior sobrino, propior sobrina ; hi sunt patrui magni, amitae magna?, avunculi magni, matcrterae magna: filius, filia.

right line descending.. Also, in the transverse or collateral line, the grandson, or the grand-daughter, of a brother or a sister, is in the fourth degree; so is a great uncle, or great aunt, paternal or maternal and cousins german, (consobrini). But some have been rightly of opinion, that the children of sisters are properly consobrini, quasi consororini { that the children of brothers are properly brothers patruel, if males; and sisters palruel, if females; and that, when there are children of a brother, and children of a sister, they are properly amitini; but the sons of your aunt by the father's side call you consobrinus, and you call them amitini.

gradus.

§ 3. Agreat-grandfather's grandfather, or a great-grand-father's grand-mother, is in the fifth degree in the line ascending, and a greatgrandson, or a great-grand-daughter, of a grandson or a grand-daughter is in the fifth degree in the line descending. In the transverse or collateral line, a great-grandson, or great-grand-daughter, of a brother or sister, is also in the fifth degree; and consequently so is a great-grandfather's brother or sister, or a greatgrand-mothers brother or sister. The son or daughter also of a cousin german is in the fifth degree: and so is the son or daughter of a great uncle or great aunt,paternal or maternal; and such son, or daughter is called propior sobrino and propior sobrina.

Sextus $ IV. Sexto gradu supra tritavus tritavia: infra trinepos,trineptis: ex transverso fratris sororisque abnepos abneptis : et convenienter abpatruus abamita, id est, abavi frater et soror: abavunculus, abmatertera, id est, abavis frater et soror: item propatrui, proamitse proavuncuri, promaterterae filius, filia : item propius sobrino sobrinave filius, filia: item consobrini consobrina; nepos, neptis: k£m sobrini, sobrin» ; id est, qui quseve ex fratribus vel soror ibus patruelibus, vel consobrinis, vel aniitinis, pregenerantur.

gradus.

$4. A great-grand-father's greatgrand-father, Or a great-grand-fa* therms great-grand-mother, is in the sixth degree in the line ascending; and the great-grandson, or great' grand-daughter of agreat-grandzsn, or a great-grand-daughter, is Hiewise in the sixth degree in the line descending. And, in the transverse or collateral line, a great-great-grandson, or a great-great-grand-daugh'ter, of a brother or sister, is also in the sixth degree: and consequently a, great-great-grand-father's brother or sister, and a great-great-grand-mother's brother or sister, is in the sixth degree. And the son or daughter of a great-great-uncle, or great-grcutaunt,paternal or maternal, is aho in the sixth degree; andso also is the son or daughter of the son or daughter of a great-uncle or great-aunt, paternal or maternal. The grandson also, or the grand-daughter, of a coutingerman is in the sixth degree; and, in the same degrees between Hiemselves, we reckon the sobrini and the sobrinae; that is, the sons and daughters of cousins german in general, whether such cousins gernian arc so related by two brothers, or by two sisters, or by a brother and a sister.

Dc reliquis gradibus.

§ V. HaetentiS ostendisse suffi- $5. It suffices to have shewn thus

ciat quemadmodum gradus cogna- far, how degrees of cognation are

tionis numerentur: namque ex his enumerated: and, from the cxam

palam est intelligere, quemadmo- pics given, the more remote degrees

dum ulteriores quoquc gradus nu- may be computed; for every person merarc debeamus : quippe semper generated always adds one degree;

generate persona gradum adjicit; so that it is much easier to deter

ut ionge facilius sit respondere, mine, in what degree any person is

quoto quisquc gradu sit, quam pro- related to another, than to denote

pria cognationis appellatione quern- such person by a proper term of

quam denotare. cognation.

Dc gradibus agnationis. § VI. Agnationis quoque gradus § 6. The degrees of agnation are

eodum modo numcrantur. reckoned in the same manner.

De graduum § VII. Sed, cum magis Veritas oculata fide, quam per aures animis hominum, infigatur, ideo necessarium duximus, post narrationem graduum, eos etiam praesenti libro inscribi. quatenus possint et auribus et oculorum inspectione adolescentes perfectissimam graduum doctrinaiu adipisci.

descriptione.

$ 7. But as truth is fixed in the mind much better by the eye, than by the ear, we have thought it necessary to subjoin, to the account already given, a tablet with the degrees of cognation inscribed upon it; that the student, both by hearing and seeing, may attain a perfect knowledge of them.

TITULUS SEPTIMUS.
DE SERVILI COGNATIONE.

D. xxxviii. T. ILLUD certum est, ad serviles cognationes illam partem edicti, qua proximitatis nomine bonorum posscssio prpmittitur, non pertinere: nam nee ulla antiqua lege talis cognatio computabatur. Sed nostra constitutione, quam pro jure patronatus fecimus, (quod jus usque ad nostra tempora satis obscurum atque nube plenum, et undique oonfusum fuerat,) et hoc humanitate

2. C. vi. T. 4.

It is certain, that the part of the edict, in which the possession of goods is promised, according to the right of proximity, does not relate to servile cognation; which hath not been regarded by any ancient law. But, by our own constitution, concerning the right of patronage, which right ivas heretofore obscure^ and every way confused, we have ordained (humanity so suggestingj

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