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Three hundred and twenty-five tnousand,
MORE EXAMPLES FOR EXERCISE.
1. A certain farm is divided into five lots ; the first lot contains 114 acres, the second 98 acres, the third 125 acres, the fourth 215 acres and the fifth 168 acres ; how many acres does the whole farm contain ? Ans. 720 acres.
2. General Washington was born in the year 1732, and lived to be 67 years of age ; in what year did he die ?
Ans. 1799. 3. What number of dollars are in six parcels, each containing 25479 dollars ?
Ans. 152874 dollars. 4. If one quarter of a ship and cargo be worth twelve thousand four hundred and forty-eight dollars, what is the whole ship and cargo worth?
Ans. 49792 dollars. 5. If one man own one-sixth of a bank, and his part cost 25000 dollars, what is the bank worth at that rate ?
Ans. 150000 dollars. 6. The distance from Portland, in the State of Maine, to Boston is 118 miles; thence to Hartford 100 miles ; thence to New-York 123 miles ; thence to Philadelphia 90 miles ; thence to Baltimore 100 miles; thence to Washington 38 miles ; thence to Richmond 123 miles ; thence to Raleigh 165 miles; thence to Charleston 256 miles ; thence to Savannah 113 miles. How many miles from Portland to Savannah ?
Ans. 1226 miles. 7. A man divided his whole estate equally among his five children, giving each one three thousand six hundred and forty-five dollars ; what did his whole estate amount to ?
Ans. 18225 dollars. 8. If from the creation of the world to the flood were 1650 years ; from that to the calling of Abraham 427 years; from that to the building of Solomon's Temple 909 years ; from that to the foundation of Rome 266 years ; from that to the birth of Christ 752 years ; how many years from the creation of the world to the birth of Christ?
9. What is the sum of twenty-five ; five hundred and thirty-six ; eight thousand eight hundred; fifty-six thousand ; nine hundred and eighty-four thousand ; eight mil. lions; seventy-nine millions and forty-five ; five hundred eighteen millions; nine hundred seventy-six millions eight hundred forty-four thousand five hundred and sixty-eight?
Questions. What does Simple Addition teach? do? If it exceeds 9 what would you set How do you write the numbers to be down? How do you set down the added ?
amount of the last row? How do you Where do you begin to add ?
prove addition? If the amount of any column when ad What is the sign of addition ? ded does not exceed 9 what do you What is the sign of equality?
Federal Money is the coin or currency of the United States. This is the most simple and easy of all curren, cies. It increases in tenfold proportion like whole num: bers. Thus 10 mills (m.) make 1 cent, marked C, 10 cents make 1 dime,
E. Hence it follows that any sum in federal money may be performed as in whole numbers
The dollar is the money unit; and to distinguish dollars from the smaller denominations, a point, or comma (,) called a separatrix, is placed between them and the other inferior denominations; consequently, the first figure at the left hand of the separatrix is dollars and the rest are eagles. And the first figure at the right hand is dimes, the second cents, and the third mills.
But as the denominations of this Money increase in a
* The Eagle is a gold coin. Dollars and dimes are silver coins, and cents are copper coins. These are real coins. There are also half Eagles, half dollars, half dimes, and half cents, real coins.
There is no coin so small as the mill, that being only imaginary. Müll is contracted from Mille, the Latin for thousands; cent from centum, the Latin for hundreds; and dimne from disme, the French for tenth.
tenfold proportion like whole numbers, it is evident that all the figures at the left of the separatrix, may be called dollars, and those at the right, cents and mills. That is, the first two at the right, cents, and the third mills; and this is the usual way of expressing it in commercial business.
ADDITION OF FEDERAL MONEY.
d. c. m.
1. Write the numbers, dollars under dollars, dimes under dimes, cents under cents, &c. and add as in whole numbers.
2. Then place the separatrix in the sum total, exactly under the separating points above.
$. 2 4 1, 5 6 8 1 3 5 7, 5 7 9 9 8 7, 2 5 6 1 1 3, 4 3 6 5 4 9 8, 6 4 8. 3 4 6, 4 1 5 5 6 8, 1 2 3 3 1 4 2, 2 3 1 6 0 5,7 5 0 6 4 2, 3 4 2 8 7 9 4, 9 8 7 1 2 5,3 7 4 4 1 0,67 1 2 3 5 3, 7 3 6 4 1 2, 2 5 0
3 6 5 3 5 4 6 7 3 4, 3 5 3 8 7 9 4 9 5 2 3 4 1,4 94
Note. In writing down dollars and cents, when the cents are less than 10, put a cipher on the left, or in the tens' place; thus, 4 dols. and 6 cts. are written $4,06, &c.
cts, m. 4. What is the sum total of 112 dols. 9 cts., 1 l 2, 0 9 0 35 dollars 91 cents and 3 mills,
3 5, 9 1 3 48 dollars 75 cents and 4 mills,
4 8,7 54 And 105 dollars 7 cents and 5 mills ? 1 05, 075
Ans. 3 O 1, 8 3 2 equal to 301 dollars 83 cents 2 mills, which may also be read either of the following ways, viz: 30 eagles 1 dollar 8 dimes 3 cents 2 mills, or 301 dollars 8 dimes 3 cents 2 mills, or 30183 cents 2 mills, or 301832 mills.
5. What is the sum of 57 dollars 20 cents, 6 dollars 2 cents, 81 dollars 16 cents, 70 dollars 19 cents, 62 dollars 9 cents, and 55 dollars 3 cents ?
6. Find the sum of 20 cents, 40 cents, 30 cents, 50 cents, and 60 cents.
Ans. 2 dollars. 7. Add together 311 dollars, 48 dollars 9 cents, 225 dollars 13 cents, 44 dollars 3 mills, and 13 dollars 84 cents. and 5 mills.
Ans. $642,068. 8. A merchant is indebted to A $145,91, to B $345,11, to C $918,85, to D $1144,75, and to E $1690,84 ; what is the whole amount of his debts?
Ans. $4245,46. 9. If one third of a vessel be worth 10145 dollars 95 cents what is the whole worth at that rate ? Ans. $30437,85.
10. What is the sum of 325 dollars 41 cents, 695 dollars 5 cents, 84 dollars, 411 dollars 18 cents, 725 dollars 58 cents 5 mills, and 123 dollars 70 cents 5 mills ?
Ans. $2364,93. 11. A received 411 dollars, 88 cents and B received just three times as much money as A received; how much money did B receive ?
Ans. 1235,64. 12. B paid me $98,56, C paid me just_four times as much as B, and D paid me just as much as B and C both; can you tell how much money D paid me? Ans. $492,80.
13. If one eighth of a bank be worth thirty-two thousand five hundred and twelve dollars forty-five cents, what are four eighths, or one half of it, worth at the same rate ?
Questions. What is Federal Money? How does What are the rest ? What is the first it increase ? How many mills make a figure on the right hand of the separacent? How many cents make a dime ? trix? The second? The third? What How many dimes make a dollar ? How may all the figures on the left of the many dollars make an eagle? How separatrix be called ? What will be the many cents make a dollar ?
first two on the right? What the third ? Which is the money unit? How are How do you write the numbers? How dollars distinguished from the smaller do you add? Where do you place the denominations? What is the first fig- separatrix in the sum total ? ure on the left hand of the separatrix?
1. George had 10 apples and gave 6 of them to Henry, how many had he left ? Ans. 4. Why? Because 6 taken from 10 leave 4, or 4 added to 6 make 10.
2. A boy having 9 cents paid 5 for apples, and lost the remainder, how many did he lose ?
3. James had 12 apples and John 7, how many more had James than John ?
4. Peter has 9 cents and wishes to buy a book worth 17 cents, how many cents does he lack?
5. A merchant bought a box of goods for 10 dollars and sold it for 17 dollars, how much did he gain?
6. James bought a book and pencil for 14 cents; he gave 9 cents for the book : what did the pencil cost ?
7. Stephen sold a knife for 16 cents, which was a cents more than he gave for it; how much did he give for it ?
8. A boy being asked how old he was, said that he was 7 years younger than his brother whose age was 16
years, how old was he?
9. If you had 17 cents and should lose 8 of them, how many would
have left? 10, A man owed 16 dollars and paid 9 dollars, how much remains due ?
11. A lady took with her 15 dollars to buy goods and returned with 6 dollars, how much did she lay out ?
12. A farmer bought a cow and calf for 19 dollars, and afterwards sold the calf for 5 dollars; what did the cow stand him in
13. A market woman had 30 oranges and sold 15 of them, how many had she left ?
14. A certain school contains 40 scholars 15 of whom are girls ; how many boys are there?
The scholar may now proceed to the following Rule and Illustration.
SIMPLE SUBTRACTION. Simple Subtraction teaches to take a less number from a greater; or to find the difference between any two numbers of the same name or denomination; as 5 dollars subtracted from 8 dollars, the remainder is 3 dollars.
i. Write the less number under the greater, so that units may stand under units; téns under tens, &c., and draw a line under them.