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The binder feet being thus formed as hands, the animal often nsed them as such ; and, on the contrary, now and then made use of its bands instead of feet. The breasts appeared small and shrivelled, but exactly like those of a man: the navel also appeared very fair, and in exact disposition, being neither harder nor more prominent than what is usually seen in children. Such is the description of this extraordinary creature; to which little bas been added by succeeding observers, except that the colour of the hair is often found to vary • in that described by Edwards it was of a reddish brown.

From a picture so like that of the buman species, we are naturally led to expect a corresponding mind; and it is certain that such of these animals as have been shown in Europe, have discovered a degree of imitation beyond what any quadruped can arrive at.(8).

The little animals we have been describing, which are seldom found above four feet high, seem to partake of the nature of dwarfs among the human species, being gentle, assiduous and playful, rather titted to amuse than terrify. But tho gigantic races of the ouran-outang, seen and described by travellers, are truly formidable: and in the gloomy forests, where they are only found, seem to hold undisputed dominion. Many of these are as tall or taller than a man; active, strong, and intrepid, cunning, lascivions, and cruel. This redoubtable rival of mankind is found in many parts of Africa, in the East Indies, in Madagascar, and in Borneo.(8) In the last of these places, the people of quality course him as we do the stag; and this sort of hunting is one of the favourite amusements of the king bimself.* This creature is extremely swift of foot,

(g) Habits of the Oran-OUTANG.—Buffon negro ; and these at that early age discovered gives an interesting account of one :- I have an astonishing power of imitation. They even seen it,” says he, give its hand to show the then sat at the table like men, ate of every company to the door: I have seen it sit at thing without distinction, made use of theu table, unfold its napkin, wipe its lips, make knife, spoon, and fork, both to eat their meat use of the spoon and the fork to carry the and help themselves. They drank wine and victuals to its mouth, pour out its drink into other liquors. When carried on shipboard, a glass, touch glasses when invited, take a they had signs for the cabin boys expressive cup and saucer and lay them on the table, of their wants; and whenever these negput in sugar, pour out its tea, leave it to cool lected attending upon them as they desired, before drinking; and all this without any they instantly few into a passion, seized other instigation than the signs or the com- them by the arm, bit them, and kept them mand of its master, and often of its own down. The male was sea sick, and required accord. It was gentle and inoffensive; it attendance like a human creature ; he was even approached strangers with respect, and even twice bled in the arm; and every time came rather to receive caresses than to offer afterwards when he found himself out of injuries. It was particularly fond of sugared order, he showed his arın, as desirous of being comfits, which every body was ready to give relieved by bleeding." it; and, as it had a defluxion upon the breast, * RECENT CAPTURE OF THIS ANIMAL so much sugar contributed to increase the “A female oran-outang has lately been disorder and shorten its life. It continued at captured by Captain Hull on the coast of Paris but one summer, and died in London. Sumiatra. On his arrival at Triman, where It ate indiscriminately of all things, but it he was kindly received, he heard various preferred dry and ripe fruits to all other ali- accounts from the natives of the animal he ments. It would drink wine, but in small was in search of, called by them Orang quantities, and gladly left it for milk, tea, or Mawah, Mawi, or Mawy. These animals, any other sweet liquor.

they said, resided in the deepest part of a « Such these animals appeared when forest, distant from Truman about five or six brought into Europe. However, many of days' journey, and they appeared very averse their extraordinary habits were probably the to undertake any expedition in search of result of education, and we are not told how them, stating that these beings would assur. long the instructions they received for this edly attack any small party, especially if a purpose were continued. But we learn from woman should be with them, whom they another account that they take but a very would endeavour to carry off. They were short time to come to a great degree of imita- unwilling also to destroy these animals from tive perfection. Mr. L. Brosse bought two a superstitious belief that they are animated young ones, that were but a year old, from a by the souls of their ancestors, and that they

(8) Le Compte's History of China.

endowed with extraordinary strength, and runs with prodigious celerity. His skin is all hairy, his eyes sunk in his head, his countenance stern, his face tanned, and all his lineaments, though exactly human, harsh and blackened by the sun. In Africa this creature is even still more formidable. Battel calls him the Pongo, and assures is that in all his proportions he resembles a man, except that he is much larger, even to a gigantic state. His face resembles that of a man, the eyes deep sunk in the head, the hair on each side extremely long, the visage naked and without hair, as also the ears and the hands. The body is lightly covered, and scarcely differing from that of a man, except that there are no calves to the legs. Still, however, the animal is seen to walk upon his binder legs, and in an erect posture. He sleeps under trees, and builds himself a hut, which serves to protect him against the sun and the rains of the tropical climates, of which he is a native. He lives only upon fruits, and is no way carnivorous. He cannot speak, although furnished with a greater instinct than any other animal of the brute creation. When the negroes make a fire in the woods, this animal comes near and warms himself by the blaze. However, he has not skill enough to keep the fame alive by feeding it with fuel. They go together in companies, and if they happen to meet one of the human species, remote from succour, they show him no mercy. They even attack the elephant, which they beat with their clubs, and oblige to leave that part of the forest which they claim as their own. It is impossible to take any of these dreadful creatures alive, for they are so strong that ten men would not be a match for but one of them. None of this kind, therefore, are taken except when very young, and these but rarely, when the female happens to leave them behind, for in general they keep clung to the breast, and adhere both with legs and arms From the same traveller we learn, that when one of these animals dies, the rest cover the body with a quantity of leaves and branches. They sometimes also show mercy to the buman kind. A negro boy, that was taken by one of these, and carried into the woods, continued there a whole year, without receiving any injury.(g) From another traveller we learn, that these animals often attempt to surprise the female negroes as they go into the woods, and frequently keep them against their wills for the pleasure of their company, feeding them very plentifully all the time. He assures us that he knew a woman of Loango that had lived among these animals for three years.* hold dominion over the great forest of Su- her breast, but the young one escaped. She

After some days' debate, however, measured four feet eleven inches in length, and hearing that a Mawah had been seen in and two feet across the shoulders, and was the forest, the young man collected a party of covered with red hair. It is probable from twenty persons, armed with muskets, spears, the spot where this animal was found being and bamboos, and having marched in an east- so near to Truman, that she was the mate of ernly direction for above thirty miles, fell in one destroyed by the party from the brig. with the object of his search. The orang was Her remains, consisting of the skin and all sitting on the summit of one of the highest the bones, were transmitted home by Captain trees with a young one in its arms. The first Hull to Sir Stamford Raffles, at of the party struck off the great toe of the Arcana or SCIENCE, 1828. old orang, who uttered a hideous cry, and * HUMOROUS INCIDENT.- Pere Caubasson inmediately lifted up her young one as high brought up an oran-outang, which became so as her long arms would reach, and let it go fond of him that wherever he went it always anjongst the topmost branches, which ap- seemed desirous of accompanying him : when. peared too weak to sustain herself. During ever, therefore, he had to perform the service the time the party were cautiously approach of his church, he was under the necessity of ing her to obtain anuther shot, the poor shutting it up in a room. Once, however, animal made no attempt to escape, but kept the animal escaped, and followed the father a steady watch on their movements, uttering to the church, where, silently mounting the at the same time singular sounds; and sounding board above the pulpit, he lay perglancing her eye occasionally towards her fectly still till the sermon commenced. He young one, seemed to hasten its escape by then crept to the edge, and overlooking the waving her hand. The second volley brought preacher, imitated all his gestures in so groher to the ground, a ball having penetrated tesque a manner, that the whole congregation

(g) Le Brosse, as quoted by Buffon, vol. xxviii. p. 70.


peared covered with short round broad sea- Cape and bringing home at 1,000l. ; so that thers, of the colour of the down on the fore it is probable Jonathan did not give half the part of the body. The whole length of the money stated. animal, from the crown of the head to the Without offering any remarks as to the extremity of the tail was supposed to be about existence or non-existence of the mermaid, we five feet, or five feet and a half. In about may observe that the question is as far from ten minutes from the time we approached, the solution as ever, since it seems to be univeranimal gave two or three plunges, in quick sally acknowledged by all persons capable of succession, as if it were at play. After this, judging, that the mermaid now exhibiting is it gave a sudden spring, and swam away from nothing but the head and bust of a baboon us very rapidly, and in a few seconds we lost joined to the tail of a fish. This circumstance, sight of it.'

however, does not appear to affect the exhibi" It must be in the recollection of most tion, which continues as crowded as ever."persons, that in the autumn of 1819, a crea- MIRROR, Vol. I., 1822. ture appeared on the coast of Ireland, about "The English are particularized for their the size of a child of ten years of age, with a partiality to strange sights," says Strutt; un. bosom as prominent as a girl of sixteen, having common beasts, birds, or fishes, are sure to long dark hair, and full dark eyes. We shall attract their notice, and especially such of not transcribe the account, as it will doubt. them as are of a monstrous kind: and this less be well remembered; but it may be right propensity of our countrymen is neatly sati. to add, for the satisfaction of those who have rized by Shakspeare, in the Tempest, where not seen it, that a spectator endeavoured to Stephano, seeing Caliban lying upon the shoot it, but on the report of the musket, it stage, and being uncertain whether he was a plunged into the sea with a loud scream. fish, a bea-t, or one of the inhabitants of

" Since this time we heard nothing of mer- the island, speaks in the following manner : maids, until an American ship, and a Bosto- “Were I in England now, as once I was, and nian too, Captain Eades, established this had this fish painted, not a holiday fool there wonder of the deep, which is now the wonder but would give me a piece of silver. There of the good people of London, at the Cape of would the monster make a man: any strange Good Hope. It is said to have been caught beast there makes a man. When they will on the north coast of China, by a fisherman, not give a doit to relieve a lame beggar, they who sold it for a trifle, when Captain Eades will lay out ten to see a dead Italian.” Inbought it for 5,000 Spanish dollars. At least deed we may observe, that a cow with two so the first account from the Cape stated; heads, a pig with six legs, or any other unnabut the present possessor of this interesting tural production, with proper management, creature, who certainly believed it to be a real are pretty certain fortunes to the possessors mermaid, only estimates the whole cost at the in this country. -Ed.



QUADRUPEDS may be considered as a numerous group, terminated on every side by some that but in part deserve the name. On one quarter we see a tribe covered with quills, or furnished with wings, that lift them among the inhabitants of air; on another, we behold a diversity clothed with scales and shells, to rank with insects; and still, on a third, we see them descending into the waters, to live among the mute tenants of that element. We now come to a numerous tribe, that, leaving the brute creation, seem to make approaches even to humanity; that bear an awkward resemblance of the human form, and discover some faint efforts at intellectual sagacity.t.

Animals of the monkey class are furnished with hands instead of paws; their ears, eyes, eyelids, lips, and breasts, are like those of mankind; their internal conformation also bears some distant likeness; and the whole offers a picture that may well mortify the pride of such as make their persons alone the principal object of their admiration.

These approaches, however, are gradual; and some bear the marks of this our boasted form, more strongly than others.

* The animals of this very extensive fa- clearly and palpably that the gulf which sepamily are distinguished by their having four rates him from other creatures is impassable. front teeth in each jaw, all placed close toge. It matters not how nearly they may approxi. ther, as in the human mouth; the canine mate to his outward form or his physical teeth are longer than the rest, and a little peculiarities, his mental powers set him at an distant from the grinders; the grinders are immeasurable height above them all. His obtuse.

supremacy is no usurpation of pride; it is

the gift of Heaven, and has been universally † Man. - There are few departments of recognised in all ages and among all nations. human knowledge that have been more dis- The most untaught have yet learned to know figured by fable, imposture, misconception, and to respect the dignity of their natureand exaggeration than natural history in gene

“To venerate themselves as men."-GRIFFITH. ral. Few portions of natural history have suffered more from the same causes than that INTELLIGENCE OF This Race.-The de. which relates to the quadrumanous species grees of their so much vaunted intelligence, of the animal world, and the first subdivi- which is in general very limited, and rarely sion of those animals, namely, that of the capable of being made subservient to the apes, has proved in a more especial manner a purposes of man, vary almost as much as the fertile source of falsehood and misrepresenta- ever-changing outline of their form. From tion, of impudent or ignorant distortion of the grave and reflective oran-outang, whose facts, and of ridiculous and contemptible ab- docility and powers of imitation in his young surdity of deduction.

state have been the theme of so much ridicu. Man has not merely been placed by his lous exaggeration and sophistical argument, Maker at the head of the countless organized to the stupid and savage baboon, whose gross beings which occupy this nether world, but he brutality is scarcely relieved by a single spark has also been disjointed, as it were, and of intelligence, the gradations are regular and severed from them all. His natural superi- easy. A remarkable circumstance connected ority is strongly marked, even in the earliest with the developement of this faculty, or perstages of moral advancement, and when his haps we should rather say, with its gradual unexcited faculties lie almost dormant within extinction, consists in the fact that it is only him. Attitude, physiognomy, and language in young animals which have not yet attained proclaim the rudest savage that traverses the their full growth that it is capable of being wild, to be lord of the prone and mute crea- brought into play ; the older individuals, even tion that surrounds him. But when, by the ot' tlie most tractable races, entirely losing judicious cultivation of his moral and intel- the gaiety, and with it the docility of their lectual faculties, the diviner part of man's youth, and becoming at length as stupid and nature becomes fully developed, we then see as savage as the most barbarous of the tribe. THE ORAN-OUTANG, OR WILD MAN OF THE WOODS.— The foremost of the Ape kind is the Oran Outang, or Wild Man of the Woods. The oran-outang, which, of all other animals, most nearly approaches to the human race, is seen of different sizes, from three to seven feet high. In general, however, its stature is less than that of a man; but its strength and agility mucli greater. Travellers who bave seen various kinds of these animals in their native solitudes, give us surprising relations of their force, their swiftness, their address, and their ferocity. Naturalists who have ob. served their form and manners at home, have been as much struck with their patient, pliant, imitative dispositions; with their appearance and conformation so nearly human. Of the smallest sort of these animals, we have bad several, at different times, brought into this county, all nearly alike; but that observed by Dr. Tyson, is the best known, having been described with the greatest exactress. *

(The Oran-Outang.)


• THE GREAT ORAN-OUTANG.-Natura- and its piteous actions when wounded, and lists are now inclined to suspect that what great tenacity of life, rendered the scene affecthas hitherto been described in Europe as the ing and tragical. On the spot where he was Oran-Outang, is, in fact, a young Ponga- killed, there were five or six tall trees which an ape of great size and strength.

greatly prolonged the combat; for so great "A party having landed on the north coast was his strength and agility in bounding of Sumatra, from the Mary Anne Sophia, from branch to branch, that his pursuers Captain Cornfoot, for the purpose of watering, were unable to take a determinate aim, until fell in with an animal of the monkey species they had felled all the trees but one. Even of a most gigantic size. It was upwards of then he did not yield himself to his antagoseven feet iu height; and, after receiving nists till he had received five balls, and been seven shots, was killed. After the fifth shut, moreover thrust through with a spear. One it climbed a tree, and reclined against its of the first balls appears to have penetrated boughs, to all appearance in great pain, and his lungs, for he was observed immediately vomited a considerable quantity of blood. Its to sling himself by his feet from a branch lower jaw, and the skin of the back and arms, with his head downwards, so as to allow the which were brought round to Calcutta, I have blood to flow from his mouth. On receiving seen. The lower jaw is immense; and the a wound, he always put his hand over the skin is so large, that, although cut off from injured part, and distressed his pursuers by the wrists, each arm is now considerably the human-like agony of his expressions. longer than mine, and I am a man not a When on the ground, after being exhausted quarter of an inch under six feet.

by his many wounds, he lay as if dead, with Dr. Abel adds the following aılditional his head resting on his folded arms. It was information, obtained through directoral at this moment that an officer attempted to communication with one of the parties pre- give him the coup-de-grace by pushing a sent at the slaughter :-" This formidable spear through his body, but he immediately animal was more than a head taller than the jumped on his feet, wrested the weapon from tallest man on board, even in an ordinary his antagonist, and shivered it to pieces. standing position, and it measured eight feet This was his last wound. and his last great in height when suspended for the purpose of exertion ; yet he lived some time afterwards, being skinned. The form and arrangement and, drank, it is stated, great quantities of of its beard were beautiful; there was a great water."— ASIATIC RESEARCHES. deal of human expression in its countenance,

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