Non-Democratic Politics: Authoritarianism, Dictatorship and Democratization

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Macmillan International Higher Education, Sep 29, 2016 - Political Science - 304 pages

From the 19th century onwards, there has been a slow transformation in the nature of the norms that regulate political competition and the uses of state power. Monarchies whose legitimating principles appealed to divine sanction have slowly but surely given way to republican regimes normatively grounded in appeals to 'the people.' Ideals of liberty, equality, and solidarity, have gained ground relative to ideals of hierarchy and dependence. Yet while in some ways the world is more democratic now than it has ever been, new forms of non-democracy and new justifications for it have emerged. Drawing on a wide variety of examples and data from around the world, this important new text provides a global account of the history and theory of non-democratic government and explains why today alongside personalistic dictatorships and totalitarian regimes, the vast majority of non-democratic regimes are 'hybrid' regimes, which combine electoral competition with various restrictions on the ability of parties and other social groups to effectively compete for control of the state. The book then moves on to assess the processes through which political regimes change: what accounts for some genuinely democratizing, while others just expand the political competition without producing democracy or else replace one ruler or variety of authoritarianism with another.

 

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Contents

Democracy Nondemocracy and the Varieties of Political Competition
1
2 The Changing Face of NonDemocratic Rule
22
Totalitarian and Authoritarian Rule
39
4 Personal Rule
62
5 Parties
85
6 Armies
108
7 Dynastic Families
120
8 Problems of NonDemocratic Consolidation and Control
130
9 Benevolent Authoritarianism
153
10 The Roots of Regime Change and Democratization
182
11 How do Regimes Change? Contentious Politics and Its Diffusion
208
The Uncertainty of Democratization
242
References
244
Index
267
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About the author (2016)

Xavier Márquez is a Senior Lecturer in Political Theory and Political Science at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. His first book, A Stranger's Knowledge: Statesmanship, Philosophy and Law in Plato's 'Statesman,' was a study of Plato's ideas about statesmanship. He has also published articles on the history of democratic and non-democratic ideas, power, and legitimacy. His current research focuses on the rituals and justifications of power in non-democratic states.