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mous in the edition of 1614, and the editor appends to the last one the following remark:
'' These three [or four ?] ditties were taken out of Maister John Dowland's Book of Tableture for the Lute. The authors' names not there set down, and therefore left to their owners."
But it happens that the four ditties are all credited to "Ignoto" in the Table of Contents, prepared by the other editor, so that in the edition of 1614 "Ignoto" has twenty pieces, besides the one assigned to Marlowe.
With all this confusion what are we to believe in regard to "Ignoto"? Was he sometimes Raleigh, sometimes Barnfield, sometimes Dyer, sometimes Greville, and sometimes Shakspere, or some one else? Or was he a single person who "loved better to be a poet than to be counted so;" and who affected to hoodwink the above-named Greville by writing to him in 1596: "For poets I can commend none, being resolved to be ever a stranger to them"?
And here let us note a bit of internal evidence that Bacon wrote the little poem in praise of the " Faery Queen" signed "Ignoto." One couplet of it is as follows:
"For when men know the goodness of the wine,
No. 517 of Bacon's "Promus of Formularies and Elegancies" is this:
"Good wine needs no bush."
The word "bush" as applied to wine is thus defined by Webster:
"A. branch of ivy (as sacred to Bacchus) hung out at vintners' doors, or as a tavern sign; hence a tavern sign, or the tavern itself."
"'If it be true that good wine needs no bush, 'tis true that a good play needs no epilogue.' Shak." [As You Like It.]
We leave the reader to put this and that together; argument or comment is superfluous.
And now what shall we say in regard to Marlowe's ostensible authorship of a popular song, which was attributed to Shakspere in 1599? Is it not presumable that "Ignoto," who wrote the "Nymph's Reply," and followed it with "Another of the same nature made since " in imitation of the song subscribed "Chr. Marlowe "—is it not probable that "Ignoto" ascribed his own original song to Marlowe 1
Marlowe was buried June 1, 1593. In the same year Shakspere's name first appeared in print as an author. And now among the startling revelations hitherto hidden in the Folio of 1623, but made known through Bacon's cipher discovered by the Hon. Ignatius Donnelly, is tbis sentence:
'' Ever since Marlowe was killed Shakspere has been my mask."
Another Poem by Bacon in I 590.
The 33d anniversary of Elizabeth's coronation was celebrated November 17, 1590. Sir Henry Lea, the Queen's champion and master of the armory, who had conducted the exercises from the beginning, appeared for the last time, and, after the customary performances, resigned his office to the Earl of Cumberland, whereupon the celebrated vocalist, Mr. Hales, a servant of her Majesty, pronounced and sung the following verses,, personating the aged man-at-arms-:
"My golden looks hath time to silver turned,
(O Time too swift, and swiftness never ceasing!)
But spurned in vain; youth waneth by increasing.
"My helmet now shall make a hive for bees,
A man-at-arms must now stand on his knees,
And so from court to cottage I depart;
My saint is sure of my unspotted heart.
•' And when I sadly sit in lonely cell,
I'll teach my swains this carol for a song:
Parallels are found in Bacon and Shakspere with ralmost every sentiment and expression in these lines. <See Mrs. Pott's "Promus," p. 528.)
, The verses were published anonymously in Dowland's "First Book of Songs," 1600, and again in 1844; both times with the pronouns changed from the first to the third person—e. g., "His golden locks," etc. In the "Works of George Peele," 1828, they are credited to that poet, but the only evidence adduced of his authorship is the fact that he, as an eye-witness, wrote a poetic description of the celebration in 1590. Mrs. Pott is doubtless right in claiming for Bacon the authorship, and is only mistaken in supposing that the person to whom the verses were intended to appl y was Lord Burleigh, who about that time, on account of the lo3S of his wife, had temporarily withdrawn from court. Bacon and Shakspere.
A CHRONOGRAPHIC PARALLEL.
Francis Bacon. Born January 22,1561; died April 9, 162G; aged sixty-five years'.^"
Son of a Lord Keeper of England, a learned Protestant.
Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge.
Left college at fifteen, not a graduate.
Went as an attache to the Court of Paris, from fifteen to eighteen.
Learned French, Italian, and Spanish.
Returned on the death of his father, bearing a dispatch to the Queen.
Married at forty-five to a handsome young maiden of rank.
"Then let thy love be younger
than thyself, Or thy affection cannot hold
— Twelfth Night, ii, 4.
Born April 23, 1564; died April 23,1616; aged fifty-two years.
Son of a woolstapler and glover of Stratford, an illiterate Catholic.
Taught at a free school in Stratford—perhaps.
Left school at fourteen —if he ever was at school.
Worked with his father at a trade until eighteen, or longer.
Drank beer at pothouses—probably.
Said to have hunted conies and poached on neighboring deer-parks.
Married at eighteen (name Shagsper) to a girl of twenty-six.
"His works are full of passages . . . which, if he had loved and honored her, he could not have wiitten." — White's Shak., p. 51.
Had no child after twenty years' marriage.
"The noblest works and foundations have proceeded from childless men."—Bacon1 a Essays, 1612.
Child born five months after marriage.
"The less that is said about the matter the better."
— White's Shak., p. 49.
Admitted to the bar at Absconded from Strattwenty-one; elected to ford to London at twentyParliament at twenty- two or twenty-three, three.*
An ideal tableau of the youthful statesman is gaily depicted by Win. Hepworth Dixon, in his "Personal History of Lord Bacon:" .
"How he appears in outward guise and aspect among these courtly and martial contemporaries the miniature of Hilyard helps us to conceive. Slight in build, rosy and round in flesh, dight in a sumptuous suit, the head well-set, erect, and framed in a thick starched fence of frill; a bloom of study and travel on the fat, girlish face, which looks far younger than his years; the hat and feather tossed aside from the white brow, over which crisps and curls a mane of dark, soft hair; an English nose, firm, open, straight; a mouth delicate and small—a lady's or jester's mouth—a thousand pranks and humors, quibbles, whims and laughters lurking in its twinkling, tremulous lines;—such is Francis Bacon at the age of twenty-four."
Bearing in mind that Bacon is three years and three months older than Shakspere, we will now parallel their lives by successive years.
* If the Parliament met November 23, 1584, as Mr. Spedding. distinctly says, then Bacon was not yet twenty-four.'