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“ little certainty, and much conjecture; but when we « know him doyw atoparTimw, yennen voegą, with the eyes 66 of holiness and the instruction of gracious experiences, “ with a quiet spirit and the peace of enjoyment, then " we shall hear what we never heard, and see what our “ eyes never saw; then the mysteries of Godliness shall “ be open unto us, and clear as the windows of the “ morning; and this is rarely well expressed by the 6 apostle. “ If we stand up from the dead and awake « from sleep, then Christ shall give us light.”
“ For though the scriptures themselves are written s by the Spirit of God, yet they are written within and 6 without; and besides the light that shines upon the “ face of them, unless there be a light shining within our “ hearts, unfolding the leaves, and interpreting the mys“.terious sense of the Spirit, convincing our consciences “ and preaching to our hearts; to look for Christ in the “ leaves of the gospel, is to look for the living among « the dead. There is a life in them; but that life is, :6 according to St. Paul's expression, hid with Christ in « God, and unless the spirit of God draw it forth, we “shall not be able. .
“ Human learning brings excellent ministeries to“ wards this: it is admirably useful for the reproof of “ heresies, for the detection of fallacies, for the letter « of the scriptures, for collateral testimonies, for exterior « advantages; but there is something beyond this, that « human learning without the addition of divine can “ never reach. I
“ A good man, though unlearned in secular know" ledge, is like the windows of the temple, narrow with“ out and broad within; he sees not so much of what “ profits not abroad, but whatsoever, is within, and con“ cerns religion and the glorifications of God, that he “ sees with a broad inspection; but all human learning “ without God is but blindness and folly. One man
« discourses of the sacrament, another receives Christ; “one discourses for or against transubstantiation; but “the good man feels himself to be changed, and so “ joined to Christ, that he only understands the true « sense of transubstantiation while he becomes to Christ “bone of his bone, flesh of his flesh, and of the same 6 spirit with his Lord.
« From holiness we have the best instruction. For that which we are taught by the Holy Spirit of God, " this new nature, this vital principle within us, it is that “ which is worth our learning: not vain and empty, idle “ and insignificant notions, in which, when you have “ laboured till your eyes are fixed in their orus, and your “ flesh unfixed from its bones, you are no better and no 66 wiser. If the Spirit of God be your teacher, he will << teach you such truths as will make you know and love “ God, and become like to him, and enjoy him forever, " by passing from similitude to union and eternal fruition.
“ Too many scholars have lived upon air and empty .« notions for many ages past, and troubled themselves “ with tying and untying knots, like hypochondriacs in “ a fit of melancholy, thinking of nothings, and troub“ling themselves with nothings, and falling out about “ nothings, and being very wise and very learned in " things that are not, and work not, and were never "“ planted in Paradise by the finger of God. If the Spi« rit of God be our teacher, we shall learn to avoid evil " and to do good, to be wise and to be holy, to be pro.“ fitable and careful; and they that walk in this way shall “ find more peace in their consciences, MORE SKILL IN « THE SCRIPTURES, more satisfaction in their doubts, than “can be obtained by all the polemical and impertinent "disputations of the world. The man that is wise, he " that is conducted by the Spirit of God, knows better “ in what Christ's kingdom doth consist than to throw " away his time and interest, his peace and safety, for “ what? for religion? no: for the body of religion? not 166 so much: for the garment of the body of religion? no, “not for so much: but for the fringes of the garment “ of the body of religion; for such, and no better, are “ many religious disputes; things, or rather circum« stances and manners of things, in which the soul and “ spirit are not at all concerned. The knowledge which « comes from godliness is Islotsgow To Tracons arodszews, “ something more certain and divine than all demon- ! “ stration and human learning.
“And now to conclude :—to you I speak, fathers and “ brethren, you who are or intend to be of the clergy; “ you see here the best compendium of your studies, the « best alleviation of your labours, the truest method of < wisdom. It is not by reading multitudes of books, 6 but by studying the truth of God; it is not by labori« ous commentaries of the doctors that you can finish your « work, but the exposition of the Spirit of God; it is not « by the rules of metaphysics, but by the proportions of “ holiness; and when all books are read, and all argu~ ments examined; and all authorities alledged, nothing o can be found to be true that is unholy. The learning << of the fathers was more owing to their piety than their « skill, more to God than to themselves. These were “ the men that prevailed against error, because they « lived according to truth. If ye walk in light, and live “ in the spirit, your doctrines will be true, and that “ truth will prevail,
“ I pray God to give you all grace to follow this wis“ dom, to study this learning, to labour for the under“ standing of godliness; so your time and your studies, 6 your persons and your labours, will be holy and use66 ful, sanctified and blessed, beneficial to men and please « ing to God, through him who is the wisdom of the “ Father, who is made to all that love him, wisdom, and
righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.".
Will any one among our living theologists controvert the merits of Bishop Taylor? Is there one whom the public judgment will place on an equality with him? Will any one stigmatize him as an ignorant enthusiast? His strength of understanding and powers of reasoning are strikingly exhibited in his Ductor dubitantium, in his Liberty of prophesying, and in his polemical writings. I must conclude, that he understood the Christian religion better than most of the sons of men; because, to abili. ties of the very first rank, he united in himself the finest feelings of devotion. His authority must have weight with all serious and humble inquirers into the subject of Christianity, and his authority strongly and repeatedly inculcates the opinion which I wish to maintain, that the best evidence of the truth of our religion is derived from the operation of the Holy Spirit on every heart which is disposed to receive it.
And I wish it to be duly attended to, that the discourse from which the above extracts are made, was not addressed to a popular assembly, but to the clergy of an university, and at a solemn visitation. The Bishop evidently wished that the doctrines which he taught might be disseminated among the people by the parochial clergy. They were disseminated; and in consequence of it, Christianity flourished. They must be again disseminated by the Bishops and all parochial clergy, if they sincerely wish to check the progress of infidelity. The minds of men must be impressed with the sense of an influential DIVINITY in the Christian religion, or they will reject it for the morality of Socrates, Seneca, the modern philosophers, and all those plausible reasoners, to whom this world and the things which are seen are the chief objects of attention. The old divines taught and preached with wonderful efficacy, because they spoke as men having authority from the Holy Ghost, and not as the disputers of this world, proud of a little science ac
quired from heathen writers in the cloisters of an academy. There was a celestial glory diffused around the pulpits of the old divines; and the hearers, struck with veneration, listened to the preacher as to an undoubted oracle. Full of grace were his lips; and moral TRUTH was beautifully illuminated by divine. She easily won
and firmly fixed the affections of men, clothed, as she , was, with light as with a garment.
Passages from the celebrated Mr. John Smith, Fellow of
Queen's College, Cambridge, corroborative of the Opinion that the best Evidence of the Christian Religion arises. from the Energy of the Holy Spirit*. ,
'" D IVINE truth is not to be discerned so much « in a man's brain as in his heart. There is a divine « and spiritual sense which alone is able to converse in« ternally with the life and soul of divine truth, as mix“ ing and uniting itself with it; while vulgar minds be6 hold only the body and outside of it. Though in itself 6 it be most intelligible, and such as the human mind “ may most easily apprehend, yet there is an INCRUS“ TATION, as the Hebrew + writers call it, upon all cor“ rupt minds, which hinders the lively taste and relish
<< of it.
“The best acquaintance with religion is a KNOW“ LEDGE TAUGHT OF Godt: it is a light which de“ scends from heaven, which alone is able to guide and “ conduct the souls of men to that heaven whence it
'* See his Select Discourses. + Incrustamentum immunditiei-An incrustation of filth. | FEODIDUXTOS gyor15