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XXVII. On the Difficulties of the Scripture. : . 121

XXVIII. The OMNIPREsence of God a Doctrine univer-

sally allowed; but how is God every where present but

by his Spirit, which is the Holy Ghost. . 123

XXIX. the Want of Faith could not be criminal, if it de-

.pended only on the Understanding; but Faith is a

Virtue, because it originates from virtuous Disposi-

tions favoured by the Holy Spirit .


XXX. Of the scriptural Word “UNCTION;" its high mys-

terious Meaing.

• 129

XXXI. On what is called by devout Persons Experience in



. . . . .

. 131

XXXII. On the Seasons of Grace. - . - 135

XXXIII. Of mistaking the effects of imagination for the

Seasons of Grace. - - .. 137

XXXIV. Of seasons of Desertion, or supposed Absence of

the Spirit. .

- - 139

XXXV. Of the Doctrine, that the Operations of the Holy

Spirit are NEVER distinguishable from the Operations

of our own Minds. - · · - 141

XXXVI. Of devotional Feelings or SENTIMENTS. 144

XXXVII. Of Enthusiasm. . . .


XXXVIII. Cautions concerning Enthusiasm.


XXXIX. Of being RIGHTEOUS over-much. . 154

XL. All extravagant and selfish Pretensions to the Spirit to

be anxiously avoided, as they proceed from and cherish

Pride, and are frequently accompanied with Immorality. 159

XLI. Affected Sanctity, Demureness, Çanting, Sourness,

Censoriousness, ignorant and illiterate Preaching, no

Marks of a State of Grace, but contribute to bring

the whole Doctrine of Divine Energy into Contempt,

and to diffuse infidelity, , . - 162

XLII. Bishop Lavington's Opinion, respecting the extrava-

gancies and follies of fanatical Preachers, and pre-

tenders to the Spirit. . . . . . 166

XLIII. Pride the great Obstacle to the general Reception of

the Gospel of Grace. .

. . 168

XLIV. The universal Prevalence of the Holy Spirit—the

genuine Grace of the Gospel_highly conducive to the

happiness of civil Society, as well as of individuals.


XLV. Of Holiness-its true Meaning, and absolute Neces-

sity. . . . . . . . 174

XLVI. Of a good Heart. i . - . 177

XLVII. On the superior Morality of the Christian Philosophy. 181

XLVIII. The true Genius and Spirit of Christianity produc-

tive of a certain Tenderness of Conscience, or feeling of

Rectitude, more favourable to right conduct, than any

deductions of unassisted Reason, or heathen morality: 183

XLIX. The great Advantage of Christian Philosophy being

taught by a commanding Authority. - 186

L. Morality or orbedience to the Commandments of God

in social intercourse and personal conduct, remarkably

insisted upon in the Gospel.

in 191

Unbelievers not to be addressed merely with subtle Rea-

soning, which they always oppose in its own way, not

to be ridiculed, not to be treated with severity, but to

be tenderly and affectionately exhorted to prepare

their hearts for the reception of the inward witness, .

and to relume the light of life, which they have ex-

tinguished, or rendered faint, through pride, vice, or

total neglect. - .


LII. Of the inadequate Idea entertained by many respectable

Persons concerning Christianity; with a Suggestion

on the Expediency of their considering the true nature

of Christian Philosophy. . . . . 197

LIII. On Indifference and insensibility to Religion, arising

· from hardness of heart. No progress can be made

in Christian Philosophy in such a State, as it is a State,

incompatible with the divine influence.

ble with the divine influence. - - 200

LIV. A Self-examination recommended respecting religious

insensibility. . -



LV. The Sum and Substance of Christian Philosophy the

Renewal of the Heart by Divine Grace; or the soften-

ing it and rendering it susceptible of virtuous and

benevolent impressions, by cultivating the two grand

principles-Piety to God, and Charity to Man. 207

LVI. On spiritual Slumber, as described in the Scriptures,and

the Necessity of being awakened. . . 209

LVII. On the Peace of God, that calm and composed State,

which is produced by the Christian Philosophy, and is





Cupimus enim investigare quid verum fit; neque id solum, quod .cum veritate, PIETATEM quoque præterea erga Deum habeat conjunctam.


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| ENTER on the subject of this volume with unaffected diffidence. I tread on holy ground with awe. Though much of my life, devoted to letters from the earliest age, has been spent in reading the best writers on the Christian doctrine, and more in contemplation of it, yet a sense of its high importance, and of my own fallibility, has long restrained the impulse which prompted me to engage in its public discussion. Nothing but conscious rectitude of intention, co-operating with the hope of obtaining the aid of God's holy Spirit, and the reader's indulgence, could animate the tremulous mind in an enterprise to which it feels and avows itself unequal. A conviction that the subject is peculiarly seasonable, has contributed to overcome reluctance. The TIMEs indeed appear to me to call upon every professor of Christianity to vindicate, in the manner best adapted to his abilities and opportunities, its controverted truth, its , insulted honour; and if I shall be fortunate enough to

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