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No. 66.-Release of Dower. To all to whom these presents shall come, SUSAN Doe, of the city of Pittsburgh, in the county of Allegany, and state of Pennsylvania, widow and relict of John Doe, late of the same place, deceased, sends greeting : Know ye, that the said Susan Doe, the party of the first part to ihese presents, for and in consideration of the sum of five hundred dollars, lawful money of the United States, to her in hand paid at or before the ensealing and delivery of these presents, by Richard Doe, of the city of IVheeling, in the county of Ohio, and state of Virginia, of the second part, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, hath granied, remised, released, and for ever quit-claimed, and by these presents doch grant, remise, release and for ever quit-claim, unto the said party of the second part, his heirs and assigns for ever, all the dower and thirds, right and title of dower and thirds, and all other right, title, interest, property, claim, and demand whatsoever, in law and equiry, of her, the said party of the first part, of, in, and 10 all ihat certain piece or parcel of land, &c. (here describe the premises]; so that she, the said party of the first part, her heis's, executors, administrators, or assigns, nor any other person or persons, for her, them, or any of them, shall not have, claim, challenge, or demand, or pretend to have, claim, challenge, or demand, any dower or thirds, or any other right, title, claim, or demand whatsoever, of, in, and to the same, or any part or parcel thereof, in whosoever hands, seisin, or possession, the same may or can be, and thereof and therefrom shall be utterly barred and excluded for ever by these presents.

In witness whereof, the said party of the first part to these presents hath hereunto set her hand and seal, the first day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight nundred and fifty.

SUSAN DOE (seal).
Sealed and delivered in the

presence of
Peter PEPPER,
JOHN STONE.

LANDLORD AND TENANT.

A landlord is one who lets or leases property.
А

rant is the person to whom it is leased. A lease is a contract whereby the owner of property conveys the use of it to another for a limited time, at a stipulated rent or consideration, payable at specified periods. In drawing a lease, care should be had that all the conditions and liabilities on which the premises are granted and taken are clearly specified in it.

An under-lease is the contract whereby a tenant leases his leasehold property to some third person, who is called an under-tenant.

Leases should be in writing. They are of four kinds, namely:

Lrase for years;
Lease for life;
Lease at will. ;

Lease by sufferance ; A lease for years is a lease for a certain number of years specified in the lease.

A lease for life is a lease for either the life of the tenant, or of some other person or persons.

A lease at will is where the tenantry exists only during the will of either of the parties.

A lease by sufferance is when the tenant's lease has expired, and he continues to remain in possession. He is then tenant by the sufferance of the landlord.

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No. 67.-Short Form of Lease. This Indenture, made the first day of April, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty, between John Doe; of the city of New York, in the county of New York, and state · of New York, of the first part, and RICHARD Roe, of the same place, of the second part_*

Witnesseth, that the said party of the first part hạth letten, and by these presents doth grant, demise, and to farm let, unto the said party of the second part, all that, &c. Llere describe the premises intended to be let), with the appurtenances, for the term of twenty years, from the first day of May, one thousand eight hundred and fifty, at the yearly rent or sum of two hundred dollars, to be paid in equal quarter yearly payments. And it is agreed that if any rent shall be due and unpaid, or if default shall be made in any of the covenants herein contained, then it shall be lawful for the said party of the first part to re-enter the said premises, and to remove all persons therefrom.

And the said party of the second part doth covenant to pay to the said party of the first part the said yearly rent as herein specified, namely, in quarter yearly payments on the first day of August, November, February, and May, in each and every year : and that at the expiration of the said term, the said party of the second part will quit and surrender the premises hereby demised in as good state and condition as reasonable use and wear thereof will permit, damages by the elements excepted: and the said party of the first part doth covenant that the said party of the second part, on paying the said yearly rent, and performing the covenants aforesaid, shall and may peaceably and quietly have, hold, and enjoy, the said demised premises for the term aforesaid.

In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals, this first day of April, one thousand eight hundred and fifty. Sealed and delivered in the presence

JOHN DOE (seal).
Јону Sмітн,

RICHARD ROE (seal).
PETER JONES.

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No. 68.-Lease: Tenant to pay Taxes, and not to

underlet without Consent of the Landlord, under his Hand and Seal. Chis Indenture, &c. (as in No. 67 to * ]

Witnesseth, that the said party of the first part, in cond sideration of the rents and covenants hereinafter reserved and contained, on the part and behalf of the said party of the second part, to him, his executors, administrators, and assigns, to be paid, kept, and performed, hath granted, demised, and to farm let, and by these presents doth grant, demise, and to farm let, unto the said party of the second part, all that, &c. [here describe the property]. To have and to hold the said above mentioned and described premises unto the said party of the second part, his executors, administrators, and assigns, from the first day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty, for and during, and until the full end and term of five years, from thence next ensuing, and fully to be complete and ended; yielding and paying for the same unto the said party of the first part, or to his heirs or assigns, the rent or sum of three hundred dollars, lawful money of the United States, yearly and every year, during the said term, in equal quarter yearly payments, to be made on the first day of August, November, February, and May, in each and every year, during the term hereby demised, the first payment to be made on the first day of August next : ProVIDED ALWAYS, that if it shall happen that the said yearly rent or any part thereof, shall not be paid on any day on which the same ought to be paid, as aforesaid, then, and at all times thereafter, it shall and may be lawful for the said party of the first part, his heirs and assigns, into the said demised premises, or any part thereof, in the name of the whole, to re-enter and to re-possess, have, and enjoy the same again, as of his or their former estate and interest therein, anything herein contained to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.

And the said party of the second part, for himself, his executors, administrators, and assigns, doth by these presents covenant and grant, to and with the said party of the first part, his heirs and assigns, in manner following, that is to say: that he, the said party of the second part, his executors, administrators, and assigns, shall and will, during the term hereby demised, well and truly pay unto the said party of the first part, his heirs or assigns, the said yearly rent hereby reserved,

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at the days and times herein before limited for the payment thereof, without fraud or delay.

And also, that he, the said party of the second part, his executors, administrators, or assigns, shall and will, at his and their own proper costs and charges, bear, pay, and discharge, all such duties, taxes, assessments, and payments, extraordinary as well as ordinary, as shall during the time hereby demised be laid, levied, assessed, or imposed on, or grow due or payable out of, or for, or by reason of the said demised premises, or any part thereof: and also, that he, the said party of the second part, himself, his executors, administrators, or assigns, or any of them, shall not, nor will, at any time or times hereafier, during the term hereby granted, lease, let, or demise, all or any part of the said premises hereby demised, nor assign, transfer, or make over the same, or this present lease, or any of his or their term or time therein

any person or persons whomsoever, without the consent of the said party of ihe first part, his heirs or assigns, in writing, under his or iheir seal, for that purpose first had and obtained, anything herein before contained to the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding: and also that he, the said party

of the second part, his' executors, administrators, or assigns, or some or one of them, shall and will, on the last day of the term hereby demised, or other sooner determination of the estale hereby granted, well and truly heliver up the said hereby demised premises, in good and sufficient order, into the possession of the said party of the first part, his heirs or assigns, without fraud or delay. AND PROVIDED FURTHER, and this present lease is upon

this express condition, that if the said party of the second part,

his executors, administrators, or assigns, at any time during the term hereby granted, shall fail in the performance of any or either of the covenants, conditions, or provisoes, in these presents contained, which, on the part and behalf of the said party of the second part, his executors, administrators, and assigns, are or ought to be observed, performed, fulfilled, and kept; then, and at all times thereafter, it shall and may be lawful for the said party of the first part, his heirs and assigns, into the said demised premises, or any part thereof, in the name of the whole, to re-enter and re-possess, have, and enjoy the same again, as of their former estate and interest therein, anything herein contained to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.--In witness whereof, &c. (as in No. 67).

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