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NORTH CAROLINA.

Constitution adopted, 1835.-Square Miles, 43,800.- Population in 1850, 868,870.

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Collection of Debts. ATTACHMENT.–Upon any complaint being made on oath to any of the judges of the supreme or superior courts, or to any justice of any of the county courts, by any person, his attorney, agent, or factor, that any person [indebied to him) has removed or is removing out of the county privately, or so absents or conceals bimself that the ordinary process of law can not be served on such debtor, and further swears to the amount of his debt or demand to the best of his knowledge and belief, an attachnent may issue against the estate of such debtor, wherever the same may be found. An attachment may also issue in favor of a resident this state against the estate of a non-resident.

Deeds. Deeds must be acknowledged by the grantor before one of the judges of the supreme court, or of the superior court, or in the court of the county where the land lies, and registered by the public register of the county where the land lies, within two years from the date of the deed.

Residents in any of the other states, or in the territories, or in the District of Columbia, may acknowledge them before some one of the judges of supreme jurisdiction, or of the superior courts of law, or circuit courts of law of superior jurisdiction within said state, territory, or district, and an attestation of such acknowledgment endorsed or affixed to the deed by the judges, and a certificate of the governor of the state or territory, or if in the District of Columbia, a certificate of the secretary of state of the United States, that the judge before whom said acknowledgment was taken, was at the time of making the same one of the judges of the courts of supreme jurisdiction, or of the supreme courts of law, or circuit courts of law of superior jurisdiction within said state, territory, or district, shall also be affixed, or before any commissioner appointed by the governor of the state, and certified by him as by law required.

Conveyances by, husband and wife must be by them personally acknowledged before one of the judges of the supreme or superior courts, or in the court of the county where the land lies, the wife being first privily examined by such judge, whether she doth voluntarily assent thereto. A scrawl of the pen may be used instead of a seal.

Rights of Married Women. WHENEVER a marriage shall take place, all the lands or real estate owned by the femme coverte at the time of the marriage, and all lands or real estate which she may subsequently acquire, by will, devise, inheritance, or otherwise, shall not be subject to be sold or leased by the husband for the term of his own life, or any less term of years, except by and with the consent of his wife first had and obtained, to be ascertained and effectuated by privy exam. ination, according to the rules now required by law for the sale of lands by deed belonging to femme covertes. And further, that no interest of the husband whatever, in such lands or real estate, shall be subject to sale to satisfy any execution obtained against him, and all such sales are declared to be null and void both at law and in equity,

Dower.-The widow is endowed of one third part of all the lands, tenements, and hereditaments, of which her husband died seized and possessed.

The dower of a widow shall not be subject to the payment of debts due from the estate or her husband, during the term of her life.

Rate of Interest. The legal rate is six per cent. All contracts whereby a higher rate is reserved are void, and the party exacting it is liable to forfeit double the amount of the debt, one half to the state, one half to the prosecutor.

Wills. The will must be written in the testator's lifetime, and signed by him or by some other person in his presence and by his direction, and subscribed in his presence by two witnesses, no one of whom shall be interested in the devise. Or, if found among his papers must be in his own handwriting, and his name subscribed thereto, or inscribed in some part thereof, and the handwriting generally known by his acquaintances, and proved by ihree witnesses to be every part in the testator's own handwriting:

No will in writing whereby personal estate is bequeathed, shall be sufficient to convey or give the same, unless such will be executed with the same formalities as are required in the execution of wills of real estate; provided, nevertheless, that the provisions of this act shall not be construed to affect nuncupative wills. No will in writing, made after 1846, which shall not be sufficient to convey or give personal estate, shall be good as to any real estate therein devised.

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