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default thereof, a bond for the production of such certificate must be given. If no invoice of goods has been received by the consignee or owner, they may be entered by appraisement, the owner or consignee first taking oath that no invoice has been received, and giving, bond to produce invoice.

Goods belonging to persons residing in the United States, but absent from the place of importation, may be admitted to entry, the importer or agent first giving bond to produce invoice duly verified by the oath of the owner, administered by a collector of the customs or by a public officer duly authorized to administer oaths.

Goods belonging to a person not residing at the time in the United States, can not be admitted to entry, unless accompanied by an invoice verified er's oath, stating that the goods were actually purchased for his account, and that the invoice contains a true and faithful account of the cost of such goods.

If such goods have not been acquired in the usual mode, of bargain and saleor if they belong in whole or in part to the manufacturer thereof-the oath annexed to the invoice must specify that the invoice contains the actual fair market value at the time and place when and where the same were procured or manufactured.

The verification may be made before a consul or commercial agent of the United States. If there is no consul or commercial agent in the country or place of purchase, the oath may be administered by any public officer authorized in such place to administer oaths, which authority must be authenticated by a consal or commercial agent of the United States : if there be no such consul or agent, then by the authentication of a consul of any nation at peace with the United States : if no such consul can be found, then the certificate of two respectable merchants will answer.

Goods owned by persons not residing in the United States, and not accompanied with an invoice verified as required ahove, may be admitted by the secretary of the treasury, the collector first certifying that no fraud was intended; but before such entry shall be permitted, the importer shall give bond to produce an invoice of such goods, duly verified by the owner, in the mode and to the effect before mentioned

The owner, consignee, or agent of imports, which have been actually parchased, on entry of the same, must make such addition in the entry to the cost or value given in the invoice as in his opinion may raise the same to the true market value of such imports in the principal markets of the country whence the importation shall have been made, or in which the goods imported shall have been originally manufactured or produced, as the case may be.

No gouds, wares, or merchandise, subject to doty, can be imported into the United States on the seaboard in vessels of less than thirty tons' burden, under the penalty of the forfeiture of vessel and cargo.

Invoice must contaiu' the weight, quantity, or measure of goods, or the same will be weighed, gauged, or measured, at the expense of the importer. The number of bushels of wheat is to be ascertained by actual measurement by the standard bushel, and not by weight.

In all cases where there are more goods found on board a vessel than the master thereof has reported in his manifest, he must, with the consent of the officers of the customs, make a post entry for the same, and paytwo dollars therefor; and for every disagreement between bis manifest and cargo, he is liable to a fine of five hundred dollars. All goods, on examination by the appraisers, not corresponding with the entry made of them, are liable to forfeiture.

Drawbuck.–To be entitled to drawback, the duties on the importation of the goods exported must have been at least fifty dollars by one vessel, at the same time, and by the same person, and the merchandise be, at the time of exporta. tion, in the same package and same condition, including wrapper and original mark and number, as when imported.

Register Act.–Every owner of a vessel, residing within the limits of the United States, must swear (or affirm) to the register within ninety days after its being granted, or it becomes void, and the vessel and cargo pays foreign tonnage

All duties must be paid in gold or silver coin.

and duty.


collector, or by some person to be designated for that purpose by the collector, with the approbation of the secretary of the treasury, which person shall be entitled to receive from the importer a copy of the warehousing entry, and shall he allowed to retain out of the money received for certificates such reasonable amount as may be fixed by the collector, with the sanction of the secretary of the treasury, as his compensation; and the residue thereof, if any, after deducting the expense of printing, filling up, registering, and cancelling said certificates, shall be paid over to the collector, to be by him placed to the credit of the treasurer of the United States.

When goods are withdrawn from warehonse in quantities less than the entire importation, the expense of weighing, gauging, or measuring, must be paid toy the owner, importer, or agent, if it be necessary to weigh, gauge, or measure such portion, in order to ascertain the dutiable value.

The warehouses are opened at sunrise, and closed at sunset.

Recording the Sule or Mortgage of Vessels.- No bill of sale, mortgage, hy, pothecation, or conveyance, of any vessel or part of any vessel of the United States, shall be valid against any person other than the grantor or mortgagor, his heirs, and devi ees, and persons having actual notice thereof; unless such bill of sale, mortgage, hypothecation, or conveyance, be recorded in the office of the collector of custonas where such vessel is registered or eurolled: Provided, That the lien hy bottomry on any vessel created during her voyage, by a loan of money or materials, necessary to repair or enable such vessel to prosecote a voyage, shall not lose its priority or be in any way affected by the provisions of this act. The collectors of the custons shall record all such bills of sale, mortgages, hypothecations, or conveyances, and also all certificates for discharging and cancelling any such conveyances, in a book or books to be kept for that purpose, in the order of their reception, and shall certify on the paper so recorded the time when the same was received, and the number of the book and page where they are recorded.

The owner, or agent of the owner of any vessel of the United States, applying to a collector of the customs for a register or enrolment of a vessel, shall, in addition to the oath now prescribed by law, set forth, in the oath of ownership, the part or proportion of such vessel belonging to each owner, and the same shall be inserted in the register or enrolment; and all bills of sale of vessels registered or enrolled shall set forth the part of the vessel owned by each person selling, and the part conveyed to each person purchasing. This act went into effect Oct. 1, 1850.

As blank forms are prepared according to the regulations of the customhouse, and can be obtained at ports of entry, we shall omit them bere. The details of passing goods through the customhouse are so intricate, that it will generally be found advisable to employ a broker to attend to the business.


For admeasuring every Vessel, in order to the enrolment, or licensing, and recording the same, if of 5 tons, and less than 20.

$0 50 Of 20. and not over 70...

0 75 Over 70, and not over 100

1 00 Over 100

1 50 Certificate of Enrolment

50 Endorsement on Certificate of Enrolment

0 20 License, and granting the same, including the Bond, if not over 20 tons. .. 0 25 Above 20, and not over 100.

050 Over 100

1 00 Endorsement on a License

020 Certifying Manifest, and granting Permit for licensed Vessels to go

0 25 District to District, under 50 tons

50 Over 50 tons...


Receiving certified Manifest, and granting Permit on arrival of such Vessel, if under 50 tons .....

0 25 Over 50 tons.

050 Certifying Manifest, and granting permission to registered Vessels to go from District to District..

1 50 Receiving certified Manifest, and granting Permit on arrival of such registered Vessel

110 Granting Permit to a Vessel, not belonging to a Citizen of the United

States, to go from District to District, and receiving Manifest..... 2 00 Receiving Mavifest, and granting Permit to unload, for last-mentioned Vessel, on arrival at one District from another..

2 00 Granting Permit for Vessel carrying on Fishery, to trade at a Foreign Port...

0 25 Report and Entry of Foreign Goods imported in such Vessel.

0 25 Entry of Vessel of 100 tons and more.

2 50 Clearance of Vessel of 100 tons and more

2 50 Entry of Vessel under 100 tons...

1 50 Clearance of Vessel under 100 tons.

1 50 Post Entry

2 00 Permit to land Goods--all official Certificates, and Orders to deliver or transfer.

0 20 Bond, taken officially

0 40 Permit to load Goods for Exportation, entitled to Draw back

0 30 Debenture, or other official Certificate

0 20 Bill of Health....

0 20 Official Documents, except Register, required by any Merchant, Owner, or Master of any Vessel, not before enumerated....

0 20 Admeasurement and certifying Vessels of 100 tons and under. 1 c. per ton Over 100, and not over 200..

1 50 Over 200

2 00 Other services to be performed by the Surveyor, in Vessels of 100 tons and more, having on board Merchandise subject to dary.

3 00 Like services in Vessels under 100 tons, baving similar Merchandise.

1 50 All Vessels not baving Merchandise subject to duty Protection

0 25 Crew-List

025 Certificate of Registry and Bond.

2 25 Endo.sement on Register..

1 00 All Orders, Permiis, and other Documents, requiring the Collector's signa

ture, including Certificates on Invoices, and Shipping Manifests, and for every jurut or verification on oath..

0 20 For recording Conveyance or Certificate of Satisfaction of a Record Furnishing Certificate of facts regarding the Record of a Vessel..

1 00 Furnishing Certified Copies of the Record .......

050 Iu all cases where the Invoice or Entiy does give them, there shall be charged forWeighing-17c. per 112 lhs. Gaugiug-Casks, 12c. each; Cases and Baskets, 4%c. each ; Ale, Porter, &c.

120. per dozen bottles. Measuring-Coal, 90c. per 100 bushels; Chalk, Brimstone, &c., 90c. per 100

bushels ; Salt, 75c. per 100 bushels : Potatoes, Seeds, Grain, and all other

measurable articles, 4.5c. per 100 bushels. Measuring-Marble, Mahogany, Cedar-wood, &c, the actual expense incurred. Marking-Spirits, Wines, &c., 2%2c per package'; issuing Certificates (Spirits

only), 3%c. per package--when requested by the importer.


... 0 50


In order for a free white person, born in a foreign country, to become a citizen of the United States, it is necessary that he should make a declaration under oath, at least two years before his admission, of his intention to become a citizen, and must renounce his allegiance to his own sovereign. This declaration must be made before

1. Any state court, being a court of record, and having a seal and clerk, and common-law jurisdiction

2. Before a circuit court of the United States. 3. Before a district court of the United States. 4. Before a clerk of either of these courts.

After he has been a resident of the United States for five years, and has made his declaration of intentions at least two years before, he may then be admitted to the rights of citizenship. In order for this, he must prove, by the oath of two citiz'ns of the United States, that he has been a resident of the United States for five years, and one year within the state where the court is helit.

He must also take an oath to support the constitution of the United States, and on oath renounce and abjure his native allegiance.

If he have been a minor, and shall have resided in the United States for three years next before his attaining liis majority, be may be admitted without such declaration, ou proving by two witnesses that he has resided five years in the Uued states, three years as a minor and two since he became of age, making tie declaration of his intentions at the time of his admission, and declaring on oa:h and proving to the satisfaction of the court that for three years next precedinz il bal been his bonn-fide intention to become a citizen.

The alien's country must, at the time of his admission, be at peace with the United States.

If an alien die after having made his declaration of intention and before his admission, his widow and children are citizens.

The minor children of any one duly naturalized, if dwelling in the United States, are citizens.

No. 114.-Form of Declaration of Intention.


I. John Doe, do declare, on oath, that it is bona fide my intention to become a citizen of the United States, and to renounce for ever all allegiance and fidelity to all and any foreign prince, potentate, state, and sovereignty whatever; and particularly to the queen of Great Britain and Ireland, of whom I was a subject.

JOHN DOE. Sworn in open court, this first day of October, 1850.

Clerk's Certificate. I, John Smith, clerk of the district court of the United States, do certify that the above is a true copy of the original declaration of intention of John Doe to become a citizen of the United States, remaining of record in my office.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name, and affixed the seal of the said court, this first day of October, one thousand eight hundred and fifty: (Seal of the court.)


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