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As the Church of Jerusalem, Alex. xxiv. Of speaking in the Congrega. andria, and Antioch, have erred ;

tion in such a tongue as the people also the Church of Rome hath erred,

understandeth. not only in their living and manner of Ceremonies, but also in matters of Faith. IT is a thing plainly repugnant to the

Word of God, and the custom of XX. Of the Authority of the Church.

the Primitive Church, to have publick THE Church hath power to decree Prayer in the Church, or to minister the Rites or Ceremonies, and authority ed of the people.

Sacraments in a tongue not understand. in Controversies of Faith : And yet it is not lawful for the Church to ordain

XXV. Of the Sacraments. any thing that is contrary to God's Word written, neither may it so expound one SACRAMENTS

ordained of Christ place of Scripture, that it be repugnant Christian men's profession, but rather to another. Wherefore, although the Church be a witness and a keeper of

be certain sure witnesses, and ef. holy Writ, yet, as it ought not to decree fectual signs of grace, and God's good any thing against the same, so besides will towards us, by the which he doth the same ought it not to enforce any

work invisibly in us, and doth not only thing to be believed for necessity of Sal quicken, but also strengthen and con

firm our Faith in him. vation.

There are two Sacraments ordained XXI. Of tho Authority of General of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that Coruncils.

is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of G

ENERAL Councils may not be the Lord.

gathered together without the com- Those five commonly called Sacramandment and will of Princes. And ments, that is to say, Confirmation, when they be gathered together, (foras- Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and ex: much as they be an assembly of men,

treme Unction, are not to be counted for whereof all be not governed with the Sacraments of the Gospel, being such as Spirit and Word of God, ) they may have grown partly of the corrupt follow. err, and sometimes have erred, even in ing of the Apostles, partly are states of things pertaining unto God. Wherefore life allowed in the Scriptures; but yet things ordained by them as necessary have not like nature of Sacraments with to salvation have neither strength nor Baptism, and the Lord's Supper, for authority, unless it may be declared that that they have not any visible sign or they be taken out of holy Scripture.

ceremony ordained of God.

The Sacraments were not ordained XXII. Of Purgatory.

of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be TH THE Romish Doctrine concerning carried about, but that we should duly

Purgatory, Pardons, Worshipping use them. And in such only as worthily and Adoration, as well of Images as of receive the same they have a wholesome Reliques, and also invocation of Saints, effect or operation : but they that receive is a fond thing vainly invented, and them unworthily purchase to themselves grounded upon no warranty of Scrip- damnation, as Saint Paul saith. ture, but rather repugnant to the Word xxvi. Of the Unoorthiness of the ML of God.

nisters, which hinders not the effect XXIII. Of Ministering in the of the Sacrament. Congregation.

LTHOUGH in the visible Church IT,

upon him the office of publick good, and sometimes the evil have chief preaching, or ministering the Sacra- authority in the Ministration of the ments in the Congregation, before he Word and Sacraments, yet forasmuch be lawfully called, and sent to execute as they do not the same in their own the same. And those we ought to judge name, but in Christ's, and do minister by lawfully called and sent, which be cho his commission and authority, we may sen and called to this work by men who use their Ministry, both in hearing the have publick authority given unto them Word of God, and in the receiving of in the Congregation, to call and send the Sacraments. Neither is the effect Ministers into the Lord's vineyard. of Christ's ordinance taken away by

is not lawful for any man to take the evil be ever mingled with the

their wickedness, nor the grace of God's The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper gifts diminished from such as by faith was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, and rightly do receive the Sacraments carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. ministered unto them; which be effectual, because of Christ's institution and XXIX. Of the Wicked which eat not promise, although they be ministered by the Body of Christ in the use of the evil men.

Lord's Supper.

discipline of the Church, that enquiry of a lively faith, although they do be made of evil Ministers, and that they carnally and visibly press with their be accused by those that have know teeth (as Saint Augustine saith) the Sa. ledge of their offences; and finally being crament of the Body and Blood of Christ, found guilty, by just judgement be de- yet in no wise are they partakers of posed.

Christ : but rather, to their condemnaXXVII. Of Baptism.

tion, do eat and drink the sign or Sacrament of so great a thing.

XXX. Of both kinds. fession, and mark of difference, whereby Christian men are discerned THE Cup of the Lord is not to be

the : it is also a sign of Regeneration or new the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by Birth, whereby, as by an instrument, Christ's ordinance and commandment, they that receive Baptism rightly are ought to be ministered to all Christian grafted into the Church; the promises men alike. of the forgiveness of sin, and of our XXXI. of the one Oblation of Christ adoption to be the sons of God by the

finished upon the Cross. Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and seal. ed; Faith is confirmed, and Grace in. THE Offering of Christ once made creased by virtue of prayer unto God.

is that perfect redemption, propiThe Baptism of young children is in tiation, and satisfaction, for all the sins any wise to be retained in the Church, of the whole world, both original and as most agreeable with the institution of actual ; and there is none other satisChrist.

faction for sin, but that alone. Where

fore the sacrifices of Masses, in the XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. which it was commonly said, that the

Priest did offer Christ for the quick THE HE Supper of the Lord is not only and the dead, to have remission of pain a sign of the love that Christians

or guilt, were blasphemous fables, and ought to have among themselves one dangerous deceits. to another ; but rather it is a Sacrament of our Redemption by Christ's death : XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests. insomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith, receive the same,

B , ,

are not commanded by God's Law, the Bread which we break is a partaking either to vow the estate of single life, of the Body of Christ; and likewise the or to abstain from marriage : therefore Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the it is lawful also for them, as for all other Blood of Christ.

Christian men, to marry at their own Transubstantiation (or the change of discretion, as they shall judge the same the substance of Bread and Wine) in to serve better to godliness. the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by holy Writ; but it is repug- XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, nant to the plain words of Scripture,

how they are to be avoided. overthroweth the nature of a Sacra- THAT

person which

by copene denum: to superstitions.

off from the unity of the Church, and The Body of Christ is given, taken, excommunicated, ought to be taken of and eaten, in the Supper, only after an the whole multitude of the faithful, as heavenly and spiritual manner. And an Heathen and Publican, until he be the mean whereby the Body of Christ openly reconciled by penance, and reis received and eaten in the Supper is ceived into the Church by a Judge that Faith.

hath authority thereunto.

XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the 17 For the Rogation-days.

18 of the state of Natrimony.

19 of Repentance. IT is not necessary that Traditions and

20 Against Idleness. Ceremonies be in all places one, or

21 Against Rebellion. utterly like; for at all times they have been divers, and may be changed ac- xxxvI. Of Consecration of Bishops cording to the diversities of countries,

and Ministers. times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's Word. The Book of Consecration of ArchWhosoever through his private judgement, willingly and purposely, doth open- of Priests and Deacons, lately set forth ly break the traditions and ceremonies in the time of Edward the Sixth, and of the Church, which be not repugnant confirmed at the same time by authority to the Word of God, and be ordained of Parliament, doth contain all things and approved by common authority, necessary to such Consecration and Or. ought to be rebuked openly, (that others dering: neither hath it any thing, that may fear to do the like,) as he that of- of itself is superstitious and ungodly. fendeth against the common order of the And therefore whosoever are conse. Church, and hurteth the authority of crated or ordered according to the Rites the Magistrate, and woundeth the con. of that Book, since the second year of sciences of the weak brethren.

the forenamed King Edward unto this Every particular or national Church time, or hereafter shall be consecrated hath authority to ordain, change, and or ordered according to the same Rites; abolish, ceremonies or rites of the Church we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, ordained only by man's authority, so and lawfully consecrated and ordered. that all things be done to edifying.

XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates. XXXV. Of Homilies.

THE Queen's

Majesty hath the chief THE

IE second Book of Homilies, the

several titles whereof we have join. and other her Dominions, unto whom ed under this Article, doth contain a the chief Government of all Estates of godly and wholesome Doctrine, and ne- this Realm, whether they be Ecclesiascessary for these times, as doth the tical or Civil, in all causes doth apper. former Book of Homilies, which were tain, and is not, nor ought to be, subject set forth in the time of Edward the to any foreign Jurisdiction, Sixth ; and therefore we judge them to

Where we attribute to the Queen's be read in Churches by the Ministers, Majesty the chief government, by which diligently and distinctly, that they may Titles we understand the minds of some be understanded of the people,

slanderous folks to be offended, we give

not to our Princes the ministering either Of the Names of the Homilies.

of God's Word, or of the Sacraments,

the which thing the Injunctions also 1 Of the right Use of the Church. lately set forth by Elizabeth our Queen 2 Against peril of Idolatry.

do most plainly testify; but that only 8 of the repairing and keeping clean of prerogative, which we see to have been Churches.

given always to all godly Princes in holy 4 Of good Works : first of Fasting.

Scriptures by God himself; that is, that 5 Against Gluttony and Drunkenness.

they should rule all estates and degrees 6 Against Excess of Apparel.

committed to their charge by God, whe7 Of Prayer.

ther they be Ecclesiastical or Temporal, 8 of the Place and Time of Prayer.

and restrain with the civil sword the 9 That Common Prayers and Sacraments

stubborn and evil-doers. ought to be ministered in a known tongue. 10 of the reverend estimation of God's Word.

The Bishop of Rome hath no juris. 11 Of Alms-doing.

diction in this Realm of England. 12 of the Nativity of Christ.

The Laws of the Realın may punish 13 of the Passion of Christ.

Christian men with death, for heinous 14 of the Resttrrection of Christ.

and grievous offences. 15 of the worthy receiving of the Sacrament It is lawful for Christian men, at the of the Body and Blood of Christ.

commandment of the Magistrate, to 16 of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost.

wear weapons, and serve in the wars.


XXXVIII. of Christian men's Goods, XXXIX. Of a Christian man's Oath. which are not common.


we confess that vain and rash Swear. Riches and Goods of Christians ing is forbidden Christian men by

are not common, as touching the our Lord Jesus Christ, and James his right, title, and possession of the same, Apostle, so we judge, that Christian Reas certain Anabaptists do falsely boast. ligion doth not prohibit, but that a man Notwithstanding, every man ought, of may swear when the Magistrate requirsuch things as he possesseth, liberally to eth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it give alms to the poor, according to his be done according to the Prophet's teachability.

ing, in justice, judgement, and truth,

THE RATIFICATION. TAIS Book of Artides before rehearsed, is again approved, and allowed to be KINDRED AND AFFINITY,

holden and cxecuted within the Realm, by the assent and consent of our Sovereign Lady ELIZABETH, by the grace of God, of England, France, and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, &c. Which Articles were deliberately read, and confirmed again by the subscription of the hands of the Archbishop and Bishops of the Upper house, and by the subscription of the whole Clergy of the Nether-house in their Convocation, in the Year of our Lord 1571.


1, OF

F Faith in the Holy Trinity.
2. Of Christ the Son of God.
3. Of his going down into Hell.
4, of his Resurrection.
6. of the Holy Ghost.
6. of the Sufficiency of the Scripture.
7. Of the Old Testament.
8. Of the Three Creeds.
9. Of Original or Birth-sin.
10. Of Free-win.
11, of Justification,
12. Of good Works.
13. Of Works before Justification.
14. Of Works of Supererogation.
15. of Christ alone without Sin.
16. Of Sin after Baptism.
17. Of Predestination and Election.
18. Of obtaining Salvation by Christ.
19. Of the Church.
20, of the Authority of the Church,

21. Of the Authority of General Councils.
32. Of Purgatory.
23. Of Ministering in the Congregation.
24. Of Speaking in the Congregation.
25. Of the Sacraments.
26. Of the Unworthiness of Ministers.
27. Of Baptism.
28. of the Lord's Supper.
29. Of the Wicked which cat not the

Body of Christ.
30. of both kinds.
31. of Christ's one Oblation.
32. Of the Marriage of Pricsts.
33. Of Ercommunicate Persons.
34. Of the Traditions of the Church.
35. Of Homilies.
36. Of Consecrating of Ministers.
37. of Civil Magistrates.
38. Of Christian men's Goods.
39. Of a Christian man's Oath.




A Man may not marry his


A Woman may not marry with her



Grandmother's Husband, 8 Husband's Grandfather.

9 Grandfather's Wife,
3 Wife's Grandmother.

4 Father's Sister,
6 Mother's Sister,
6 Father's Brother's Wife.

4 Father's Brother,
6 Mother's Brother,
6 Father's Sister's Husband.

7 Mother's Brother's Wife,
8 Wife's Father's Sister,
9 Wife's Mother's Sister.

7 Mother's Sister's Husband,
8 Husband's Father's Brother,
9 Husband's Mother's Biother.

10 Mother,
11 Step-Mother,
12 Wife's Mother.

10 Father,
11 Step-Father,
12 Husband's Father,

13 Daughter,
14 Wife's Daughter,
16 Son's Wife,

13 Son,
14 Husband's Son,
16 Daughter's Husband.
16 Brother,
17 Husband's Brother,
18 Sister's Husband.

16 Sister,
17 Wife's Sister,
18 Brother's Wife.

19 Son's Daughter,
20 Daughter's Daughter,
21 Son's Son's Wife.
22 Daughter's Son's Wife,
23 Wife's Son's Daughter,
84 Wife's Daughter's Daughter.
25 Brother's Daughter,
26 Sister's Daughter,
87 Brother's Son's Wife.

19 Son's Son,
20 Daughter's Son,
21 Son's Daughter's Husband.
22 Daughter's Daughter's Husband,
23 Husband's Son's Son,
24 Husband's Daughter's Son.

25 Brother's Son,
26 Sister's Son,
27 Brother's Daughter's Husband.
28 Sister's Daughter's Husband,
29 Husband's Brother's Son,
80 Husband's Sister's Son.

28 Sister's Son's Wife,
29 Wife's Br her Daughter,
80 Wife's Sister's Daughter.


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