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indispensable condition, that no fortification, or work of defence whatever, shall at any time be erected there, nor any body of troops posted, nor any piece of artil lery kept there; and in order to verify with good faith the accomplishment of this condition sine quâ non (which might be infringed by individuals, without the knowledge of the British government) a Spanish officer or commissary, accompanied by an English commife sary or officer, duly authorized, shall be admitted, twice a year, to examine into the real situation of things.

V. The English nation shall enjoy the liberty of refitting their merchant ships in the southern triangle, included between the point of Cayo Casina and the cluster of small islands which are situated opposite that, part of the coast occupied by the cutters, at the distance of eight leagues from the river Wallis, seven from Cayo Casına, and three from the river Sibun; a place which has always been found well adapted to that purpose. For which end, the edifices and storehouses absolutely necessary for that service shall be allowed to be built ; but in this concession is also included the express condition of not erecting fortifications there ac any time, or îțationing troops, or constructing any military works; and in like manner it shall not be permitted to station any ships of war there, or to construct an arsenal, or other building, the object of which might be the formation of a naval establishment,

VI. It is also stipulated, that the English may freely and peaceably catch fish on the coast of the country assigned to them by the last treaty of peace, as also of that which is added to them by the present convention; but without going beyond their boundaries, and confining themselves within the distance specified in the preceding article.

VII. All the restrictions specified in the last treaty of 1783, for the entire preservation of the right of the Spanish sovereignty over the country, in which is


granted to the English only the privilege of making use of the wood of the different kinds, the fruits and other produce, in their natural state, are here confirmed; and the fame restrictions shall also be observed with respect to the new grant. In consequence, the inhabitants of those countries shall employ themselves simply in the cutting and transporting of the said wood, and in the gathering and transporting of the fruits, without meditating any more extensive settlements, or the formation of any fystem of government, either military or civil, further than such regulations as their Britannic and Catholic Majesties may hereafter judge proper to establish, for maintaining peace and good order amongst their respective subjects,

VIII. As it is generally allowed that the woods and forests are preserved, and even multiply, by regular and methodical cuttings, the English shall observe this maxim, as far as possible ; but if, notwithstanding all their precautions, it should happen in course of time that they were in want of dying-wood, or mahogany, with which the Spanish poffessions might be provided, the Spanish government shall make no difficulty to furnish a supply to the English, at a fair and reasonable price.

IX. Every possible precaution shall be observed to prevent smuggling; and the English shall take care to conform to the regulations which the Spanish government shall think proper to establish amongst their own subjects, in all communications which they may have with the latter ; on condition nevertheless that the English shall be left in the peaceable enjoyment of the feveral advantages inserted in their favour in the last treaty, or ftipulated by the present convention.

X. The Spanish governors shall be ordered to give to the said English dispersed, all possible facilities for their removal to the settlements agreed upon by the present convention, according to the stipulations of the 6th article of the definitive treaty of 1783, with, re,


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spect to the country allotted for their use by the faid article.

XI. Their Britannic and Catholic Majesties, in order to remove every kind of doubt with regard to the true construction of the present convention, think it necessary to declare that the conditions of the said convention ought to be observed according to their sincere intention to ensure and improve the harmony and good understanding which fo happily subfift at present between their faid Majesties.

In this view, his Britannic Majesty engages to give the most positive orders for the evacuation of the countries above-mentioned, by all his subjects of whatever denomination : but if, contrary to such declaration, there should still remain any persons fo daring, as to presume, by retiring into the interior country, to endeavour to obstruct the entire evacuation already agreed upon, his Britannic Majesty, so far from affording them the least succour, or even protection, will disavow them in the most folemn manner, as he will equally do those who may hereafter attempt to settle upon the territory belonging to the Spanish dominion.

XII. The evacuation agreed upon shall be completely effected within the space of six months after the exchange of the ratifications of this convention, or sooner, if it can be done.

XIII. It is agreed that the new grants described in the preceding articles, in favour of the English nation, are to take place as soon as the aforesaid evacuation shall be entirely accomplished. .

XIV. His Catholic Majesty, prompted solely by motives of humanity, promises to the King of England, that he will not exercise any act of severity against the Mosquitos, inhabiting in part the countries which are to be evacuated, by virtue of the present convention, on account of the connections which may have fubfisted between the said Indians and the English: and his Britannic Majesty, on his part, will strictly prohibit all his subjects from furnishing arms, or warlike stores, to the Indians in general, situated upon the frontiers of the Spanish poffeffions.


XV. The two courts shall mutually transmit to each other duplicates of the orders, which they are to dispatch to their respective governors and commanders in America, for the accomplishment of the present convention ; and a frigate, or proper ship of war, shall be appointed, on each side, to observe in conjunction that all things are performed in the best order possible, and with that cordiality and good faith of which the two Sovereigns have been pleased to set the example.

XVI. The present convention shall be ratified by their Britannic and Catholic Majesties, and the ratifications exchanged, within the space of six weeks, or sooner, if it can be done.

In witness whereof, we the under-signed ministers plenipotentiary of their Britannic and Catholic Majesties, in virtue of our respective full powers, have signed the present convention, and have affixed thereto the seals of our arms. Done at London, this fourteenth day of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-six.

Carmarthen. (L. S.)
Le Chev' del Campo. (L. S.)

At the time of exchanging our Sovereigns ratifications of the convention signed the 14th of July last, we the undersigned ministers plenipotentiary have agreed, that the visit of the English and Spanish commissaries, mentioned in the 4th article of the said convention, with respect to the island of Cayo Casina, is to extend in like manner to ail che other places, whether

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in the islands, or on the continent, where the English
cutters shall be situated. In witness whereof, we have
signed this declaration, and affixed thereto the seals of
our arms.
London, this ift of September, 1786.

Carmarthen. (L. S.)
Le Marquis del Campo. (L. S.)

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1641. 29 Jan.

THE treaty of peace and commerce

1 between Great Britain and Portugal, made at London.

Pap. Off. E. 2.
Treat. 1732, vol. ii. p. 322.
Corps Diplom. tom. vi. part. i. p.


1654 The treaty of peace and alliance between 10 July. Great Britain and Portugal, made at Westminster, with the secret article.

Pap. Off. E. 2.
Postlethwayt's Diet. word Treaty.
Corps Diplom. tom. vi. part. ii. p. 82.

is very erroneous.
Treat. 1732, vol. iii. p. 97.
Treat. 1785, vol. i. p. 71.

This treaty was ratified, on the part of Portugal, at Alcantara, the 9th of June 1656.

Pap. Off. E. 2. b.
Thurl. State Papers, vol. v. p.


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