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tain the said succours as long as the troubles shall last; and if the said succours be not sufficient to repel the attacks of the enemy, they shall agree to augment them; and if it be necessary, their said Majesties shall mutually assist one another with all their forces, and declare war against the aggressor. -- V: Their Britannic, most Christian, and Catholic Majesties, being entirely satisfied in the sentiments which the Duke of Parma has always manifested towards them, and being desirous to give him marks of the singular esteem and affection which they have for him, they promise and engage, by virtue of this present treaty, to grant him particular protection for the preservation of his territories and rights, and for the maintenance of his dignity; so that if he be disturbed contrary to the treaties of peace already made, and con'trary to what shall be stipulated in those that are to be made at Cambray, they shall join their good offices and efforts, to obtain just satisfaction, and if it be refused, they shall agree on measures to procure it for him by all other methods that shall be in their power.

VI. His Catholic Majesty being desirous to give his Britannic Majesty, and his most Christian Majesty, a particular proof of his friendship, confirms, as far as there may be occasion, all the advantages and privileges which have been granted by the Kings his predecessors to the English and French nations ; so that the trading subjects of the most Serene King of Great Bri*tain, and the most Serene the most Christian King, shall always enjoy in Spain, the same rights, prerogatives, advantages, and privileges for their persons, commerce, merchandize, estates, and effects, which they have enjoyed, or which they ought to have enjoyed by virtue of treaties or agreements, or by virtue of all those which have been or shall be granted in Spain to the nation that is most favoured. i · VII. The present treaty shall be ratified by their Britannic, most Christian, and Catholic Majesties,

and

SPAIN. and the ratifications shall be mutually delivered in due form, and exchanged in the space of six weeks, reckoning from the day of signing, or sooner, if possible. i,

In witness whereof, we the underwritten minifters

plenipotentiaries of his Britannic Majesty, his most Christian Majesty, and his most Catholic Majesty, having mutually communicated our full powers, have signed the present treaty, and thereunto set the seals of our arms. Done at Madrid, the 13th of June 1721.

Signed,

(L. S.) William Stanhope.
(L. S.) Langeron Maulevrier.
(L. S.) Marquis de Grimaldo.

The separate Article of the Defensive Alliance between

Great Britain, France, and Spain, concluded at

Madrid, the 13th of June, N. S. 1721. THE ministers plenipotentiaries of their Britannic, most Christian, and Catholic Majesties, have this day signed, by virtue of their respective full powers, a treaty of defensive alliance between their faid Majesties : they have further agreed, that the particular treaty, which has likewise been signed, this day, between their Britannic and Catholic Majesties, whereof the tenor follows, shall make a part of the said treaty of defensive alliance, concluded between England, France, and Spain.

of I

Here is inserted, verbatim, the Treaty between Great

Britain and Spain, concluded at Madrid, the 13th

of June, N. S. 1721. . The abovesaid particular treaty shall have the same force as if it were inserted word for word in the treaty of defensive alliance, signed this day, between the three crowns; and the letters of ratification shall

be

be exchanged at Madrid, in the usual manner, within the space of six weeks, to be computed from the day of signing, or sooner, if possible.

In witness whereof, we have signed these presents,

by virtue of our full powers, and have affixed
thereto the seal of our arms. Done at Madrid,
the 13th of June 1721.

(L. S.) William Stanbope.
(L.S.) Langeron Maulevrier.
(L.S.) El Marquis de Grimaldo.

Another separate Article of the Defensive Alliance be

tween Great Britain, France, and Spain, concluded

at Madrid the 13th of June, N. S. 1721. THE ministers plenipotentiaries of their Britannic and most Christian Majesties, having this day signed, with the minister plenipotentiary of the King of Spain, by virtue of their respective full powers, a treaty of defensive alliance; the abovesaid ministers of their Britannic and most Christian Majesties have also agreed between themselves, by virtue of the same powers, that, as the principal intention and aim of that alliance is to maintain and preserve the peace and tranquillity of Europe, in which it cannot be doubted but the States General of the United Provinces of the Netherlands are disposed to concur, and to give their assistance, the first proper occasion shall be taken, in concert, to invite them thereto; and their faid Britannic and most Christian Majesties promise and engage, in the mean time, to maintain the treaty of defensive alliance, made at the Hague, between the King of Great Britain, the most Christian King, and the States General, of the 4th of January 1717, N.S. and that nothing shall be done, directly or indirectly, to its prejudice.

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The Treaty of Peace, Union, Friendship, and mutual

Defence, between the Crowns of Great Britain,
France, and Spain, concluded at Seville on the oth

of November, N.S. 1729. In the Name of the most Holy Trinity, Father, Son,

and Holy Ghost, three distinct Persons, and one only true God.

THEIR most Serene Majesties the King of Great Britain, the most Christian King, and the Catholic King, desiring, with equal earnestness, not only to renew and bind more closely their ancient friendship, but likewise to remove whatever might hereafter disturb it, to the end that being united in sentiments and inclination, they may for the future act in every thing as having but one and the same view and interest; and for this purpose, the most Serene King of Great Britain having given full power for treating in his name to M. William Stanhope, vice-chamberJain of his Britannic Majesty's houshold, one of his privy-council, member of the parliament of Great Britain, colonel of a regiment of dragoons, and his said Majesty's ambassador extraordinary to his Catholic Majesty; as also to M. Benjamin Keene, his said Britannic Majesty's minister plénipotentiary to his Catholic Majesty : the most Serene most Christian King having given full power for treating in his name to the Marquis de Brancas, lieutenant-general of his armies, knight of his orders, and of that of the Golden Fleece, his lieutenant-general in the government of Provence, : and his ambassador extraordinary to his Catholic Majesty: and the most Serene Catholic King having likewise given full power for treating in his name to M. John Baptist D'Orendayn Marquis de la Paz, his counsellor of state and first secretary of state and of the dispatches; and to M. Joseph Patino, commander of Alcuesca in the Order of St. James, governor of the council of the treasury, and of the tribunals depending thereon, superintendant general of the general reve

nues,

nues, and his secretary of state and of the dispatches for affairs of the marine, the Indies, and the treasury: the above-mentioned ministers have agreed between them on the following articles.

I. There shall be from this time and for ever a solid peace, a strict union, and a sincere and constant friendThip, between the most Serene King of Great Britain, the most Serene most Christian King, and the most Serene King of Spain, their heirs and successors, as also between their kingdoms and subjects, for the mutual assistance and defence of their dominions and interests; there shall likewise be an oblivion of all that is past; and all the former treaties and conventions of peace, of friendship, and of commerce, concluded between the contracting Powers respectively, shall be, as they hereby are, effectually renewed and confirmed, in all those points which are not derogated from by the present treaty, in as full and ample a manner as if the said treaties were here inserted word for word, their said Majesties promising not to do any thing, nor suffer any thing to be done, that may be contrary thereto, directly or indirectly.

II. In consequence of which treaties, and in order to establish firmly this union and correspondence, their Britannic, most Christian, and Catholic Majesties promise and engage, by the present defensive treaty of alliance, to guaranty reciprocally their kingdoms, states, and dominions under their obedience, in what parts of the world toever fituate, as also the rights and privileges of their commerce, the whole according to the treaties; so that the said Powers, or any one of them, being attacked or molested by any Power, and under any pretext whatever, they promiie and oblige themselves reciprocally to employ their offices, as soon as they shall be thereto required, for obtaining satisfaction to the party injured, and for hindering the continuance of hoftilities; and if it happen that the said offices be not fufficient for procuring fatisfaction without delay, their

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