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tember 1718, or of any other subsequent orders, at the time before the war was declared between the two crowns, or after it was declared, be speedily restored in their fame kind, as to those which shall be still in being; or, if they are not, the just and true value of them at the time that they were seized; the valuation whereof, if, by omiffion or neglect, it was not then made, shall be adjusted according to the authentic informations that the owners shall produce before the ordinary magistrates of the towns and places where the said effects shall have been seized. And it is certain, that the orders of his Catholic Majesty (although they directed, that inventories of those goods and effects should be made and drawn up, and accounts and declarations should be kept) have not, however, been executed in that manner in several places, it has been agreed, that if the proprietors make it appear, by legal proofs, informations, and other documents, that any of them have been omitted in the said inventories, his Catholic Majesty will give express orders, that the value of those things which shall have been omitted, . be paid by the treasurers or other persons, through whose neglect such omissions shall have been made. • IV. It is mutually agreed, that his Britannic Majesty thall give order to his governors, officers, and other ministers, to whom it shall belong, to cause to be restored all the goods and effects of the subjects of his Catholic Majesty, which they shall prove to have been seized and confiscated in the dominions of his Britannic Majesty, upon occasion of the last war; in the same manner as it has been settled in the foregoing article, in favour of the subjects of his Britannic Majesty.

V. It is also agreed, that his Britannic Majesty shall cause to be restored to his Catholic Majesty all the ships of the Spanish feet, which were taken by that of England, in the naval battle that was fought in the month of August 1718, in the seas of Sicily; with P2


the guns, fails, rigging, and other equipage, in the condition they are at present; or else the value of those which may have been sold, at the same price that the purchasers shall have given, according to the proofs and vouchers : and for the execution of this restitution, his Britannic Majesty shall cause the proper orders to be dispatched, immediately after the ratification of this treaty. It is also declared, that the other pretensions that there may be, on both sides, between the two crowns, concerning matters whereof there is no mention made in the present treaty, and which are not comprehended in the second article hereof, shall be treated of at the approaching congress of Cambray.

VI. The present treaty shall have its effect imme-
diately after it shall have been mutually ratified; and
the letters of ratification shall be exchanged in six
weeks after the signing, or sooner, if possible ; de-
ferring its publication till the general peace shall have
been concluded at the congress of Cambray, between
all the parties concerned; or till their Britannic and
Catholic Majesties shall have particularly agreed upon
In witness whereof, we the under-written ministers

plenipotentiaries of his Britannic Majesty and his
Catholic Majesty, being furnished with our full
powers, which have been mutually communicat-
ed, and copies whereof shall be here under tran-
scribed, have signed the present treaty, and affixed
thereto the seals of our arms. Done at Madrid,
the 13th of June, 1721.,

(L. S.) William Stanhope.
(L. S.) El Marquis de Grimaldo.

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Treaty of Defenfiue Alliance, betwixt France, Spain,

and Great Britain. . At Madrid, June 13, 1721. I.

THE differences that have happened betwixt their Britannic and most Christian Majesties on the one part, and his Catholic Majesty on the other, having not a little impaired the friendship which they always Thewed to one another, it has been a long time their ardent wish to re-establish the good correspondence and sin cere amity which ought to prevail among them, and which will always be the strongest support of the greatness to which God has raised them, and the surest means to preserve the public tranquillity, as well as the happiness and mutual advantages of their subjects; and it is with a view to cement and corroborate, if possible, these dispositions, which are as conducive to the mutual glory and security of their crowns, as they are conformable to the welfare and tranquillity of all Europe, that their Britannic, most Christian, · and Catholic Majesties have resolved to unite in so

strict a manner, that they may act hereafter as if they had only the same view, and the same interest: and for this end the most Serene King of Great Britain, &c. having given full powers to treat in his name, to William Stanhope, Esq. colonel of a regiment of dragoons, a member of the parliament of Great Britain, and ambassador extraordinary from his Britannic Majesty to the court of the Catholic King; the most Serene the rnost Christian King having given full powers, for the same end, to John Baptist Lewis Andrault de Langeron, Marquis de Maulevrier, lieutenant-general of his armies, commander and grand croix of the military order of St. Louis, his envoy extraordinary to his Catholic Majesty ; and the most Serene King of Spain having likewise granted his full powers, for the same end, to Don Joseph Grimaldo, knight of the order of St. Jago, governor of Rueira and Auzechal, a member of the council of the Indies,




and his first secretary of state and the dispatches; they have agreed on the following articles.

1. There shall be hereafter and for ever a strict union and a sincere and lasting friendship between the most Serene King of Great Britain, the most Serene the most Christian King, and the most Serene King of Spain, their kingdoms and their subjects, and inhabitants of the countries under their dominion; so that the injuries or damages suffered during the war, to which an end has been put by the accession of the most Serene King of Spain to the treaties of London, dated the ad of August 1718, shall be buried in eternal oblivion, and that for the future each shall take the fame care of one another's safety as of his own, and not only inform his ally of the danger that may threaten him, but also oppose with all his power the injuries that may be done him. · II. In order to establish this union and correspondence firmly, and to render it yet more advantageous to the crowns of their Britannic, moft Christian, and Catholic Majesties, they promise and engage by the present treaty of defensive alliances mutually to guaranty the kingdoms, provinces, states, and countries under each other's dominion, in what part of the world soever situate ; so that if their Majesties are attacked, contrary to what was resolved on at the treaties of Utrecht and Baden, and contrary to the treaties of London, and the stipulations which shall be made at Cambray, they shall mutually assist one another till the disturbance is at an end, or till they are satisfied, by the reparation of the damages which they fhall have suffered.

III. In pursuance of the foregoing article, the maintenance and observation of the treaties of Utrecht, Baden, London, and of that which is to be made at Cambray, for putting an end to the differences that are to be decided betwixt the most Serene King of

. Spain

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Spain and the Emperor, shall be the chief aim of the present alliance. And to strengthen it the more, the moft Serene King of Great Britain, the most Serene the most. Christian King, and the most Serene King of Spain, shall by concert invite such Powers as they shall think fit to enter into the present treaty, for the common good, and for the preservation of the public trana quillity.

IV. If it happen (which God forbid) that, contrary to the said treaties of Utrecht, Baden, London, or the stipulations of those which shall be made at Cambray, their Britannic, most Christian, and Catholic Majesties should be attacked, or in any manner disturbed in the enjoyment of their kingdoms and countries, by any potentate, they promise and engage to employ their good offices, as soon as they shall be required, in order to procure for the party attacked fatisfaction for the wrong done to him, and to hinder the aggressor from continuing his hoftilities; and if it happen that his good offices be not sufficient to procure such reparation out of hand, their faid Majesties promise to furnish the following succours, jointly or separately, viz.

His Britannic Majesty, 8,000 foot, and 4,000 horse.
His most Christian Majesty, 8,000 foot, and 4,000

His Catholic Majesty, 8,000 foot, and 4,000 horse.

If the party that happens to be attacked, desire men of war or transports, or even subsidies in ready money, in the room of troops, in that case he shall be at liberty to make his choice, and they shall furnish him with the said ships or money in proportion to the expence of troops; and in order to prevent all occasion of doubt in the calculation of the said expence, their Majesties agree that 1,000 foot shall be settled at 10,000 Dutch forins, and 1,000 horse at 30,000 florins per month, observing the same proportion with regard to shipping: their faid Majesties promising to continue and main



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