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both crowns; we have thought fit to nominate for that purpose you Don Francisco Maria de Paula, Tellez, Giron, Benavides, Carrillo y Toledo, Ponce de Leon, Duke of Osuna, our cousin, Earl of Urena, Marquis of Peñafiel, gentleman of our bed-chamber, and great chamberlain, and cup-bearer, chief notary of our kingdoms of Castille, knight of the Order of Callatrava, great treasurer of the said order and knighthood, commendador thereof, and of the Usagre in the Order of St. James, and captain of the first company of our royal Spanish life-guards; and you Don Isidro Casado de Rosales, Marquis de Monteleon, our kinsman, and one of our council of the Indies ; with full power and authority, and the dignity of our ambassadors extraordinary and plenipotentiaries, by reason of the intire satisfaction and confidence we have in your persons, and that both of you are endued with those valuable qualities of prudence, judgment, experience, zeal, and love for our royal service, which are necessary for a negotiation of this importance, to the end that you may treat of, conclude, and finish with the ministers plenipotentiaries named for that purpofe by the Queen of Great Britain, the aforesaid treaty of commerce, for the reciprocal convenience and advantage of the subjects of the two crowns; promising, as we do hereby promise, for ourselves and successors, upon our faith and Royal word, that we will perform and keep for ever, all that you shall stipulate, conclude, and agree, with the afore-mentioned minifters plenipotentiaries of the Queen of Great Britain, for the attaining and settling the said treaty of commerce, and that we will observe it exactly, and cause it to be observed, without contravening the same, or suffering it to be contravened in anywise whatsoever, directly or indirectly; for all which, and whatsoever else may be necessary thereto, we give and grant to you all the power, authority, and faculty that is needful; and that we will approve and ratify the same, within the time that shall be reciprocally agreed : declaring that in

case case of absence or sickness of either of you, the said Duke of Ofuna, and Marquis of Monteleon, the other of you may proceed in the effecting and concluding this treaty of commerce; we promising also, upon our faith and Royal word, that we will approve, confirin, and ratify the fame, with all the folemnities and forms that are necessary, and in the same manner as if it had been adjusted and concluded by both of you. In testimony whereof we have commanded to be dispatched, and we do dispatch these presents, signed with our hand, sealed with our privy seal, and countersigned by our under-written secretary of state. Given at Madrid, the twentieth day of October, 1713.

I the KING. Manual de Vadillo y Velasco..

We do certify, that this present writing is a copy taken word for, word from the original power, with which his Majesty has honoured us. Hague, the twenty-third of February, 1714.

Duque de Osuna.
Marque de Monteleon.

[The following is printed from the treaty which was

published by authority in 1717.] The Treaty of Commerce between the most Serene and most

Potent Prince George, by the Grace of God, King of
Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of
the Faith, &c. and the most Serene and most Potent
Prince Philip V. the Catholic King of Spain. Con-

cluded at Madrid the worst of December, 1715. GEORGE, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c. To all and fingular to whom these present let


ters shall come, greeting. Whereas a certain treaty of commerce between us and our good brother Philip the Fifth, the Catholic King of Spain, was concluded and signed by ministers. plenipotentiaries, impowered with sufficient authority on both sides, at Madrid on the "day of this present month, in the form and words following:

Whereas since the treaties of peace and commerce lately concluded at Utrecht, on the 13th of July, and 9th of December, 1713, between his Catholic Majesty and her late Majesty the Queen of Great Britain (of glorious memory) some differences remained about commerce, and the course thereof; their Catholic and Britannic Majesties, being inclined to maintain and cultivate a firm and inviolable peace and friendship, have (for attaining so good an end) by the two minifters reciprocally and in due form authorized for this purpose, caused the following articles to be concluded and signed.

1. The British subjects shall not be obliged to pay higher or other duties for goods which they shall bring in or carry out of the several ports of his Catholic Majesty, than those which they paid for the same goods in the time of King Charles the Second, settled by cedules and ordinances of the said King or his predecessors; and though the favour or allowance called Pie del Fardo, be not founded on any royal ordinance, yet his Catholic Majesty declares, wills, and ordains, that it shall be observed now and for the fuq ture, as an inviolable law; which duties shall be demanded and collected, now and for the future, with the same advantages and favours to the said subjects.

II. His Catholic Majesty confirms the treaty made by the British merchants with the Magistrates of St. Ander, in the year 1700.

III. His Catholic Majesty allows the said subjects

to to gather salt in the isand of Tortudos, they having enjoyed that permission in the time of King Charles the Second without interruption.

IV. The faid fubjects shall not any where pay higher or other duties, than those which his Catholic Majesty's subjects pay in the same plaće.

V. The said subjects shall enjoy all the rights, privileges, franchises, exemptions, and immunities whatsoever, which they enjoyed before the last war, by virtue of the royal cedules or ordinances, and by the articles of the treaty of peace and commerce made at Madrid

in 1667, which is fully confirmed here ; and the said · subjects shall be used in Spain in the same manner as

the most favoured nation, and consequently all nations shall pay the same duties on wool and other merchandize which shall be brought into, or carried out of these kingdoms by land, as the said subjects pay on the fame goods which they shall import or export by sea; and all the rights, privileges, franchises, exemptions, and immunities, which shall be granted or permitted to any nation whatever, shall likewise be granted, and permitted to the said subjects; the same shall be granted, observed, and permitted to the subjects of Spain in the kingdoms of his Britannic Majesty.

VI. And as there may have been innovations in commerce, his Catholic Majesty promises to use all possible endeavours on his part for abolishing them, and for the future will by all sorts of ineans cause them to be forborn. In the like manner his Britannic Majesty promises to use all possible endeavours for abolishing all innovations on his part, and for the future will by all sorts of means cause them to be forborn.

VII. The treaty of commerce made at Utrecht on the 9th of December 1713, Mall remain in force, those articles excepted which shall appear to be contrary to what is concluded and signed this day, which fhail be

abolished abolished and of no force, and especially the three articles commonly called explanatory; and these presents shall be approved, ratified, and exchanged on boch sides within the term of six weeks, or sooner if it be


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In witness whereof, and by virtue of our full powers

we have signed these presents, at Madrid, on the
fourteenth of December, one thousand seven hun-
dred and fifteen.

El Marq. de Bedmar, (L. S.)
George Bubb, (L. S.)

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[The following is printed from the treaty which was

published by authority in 1718.] Treaty of Alliance for settling the public Peace. Signed

at London A.2.2. 1718.-~Note. This Treaty is

commonly called The Quadruple Alliance. IN the name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity.

Be it known to all whom it doth concern, or may any way concern.

Whereas the most Serene and most Potent Prince George, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburgh, Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, &c. and the most Serene and most Potent Prince Lewis XV. the most Christian King, &c. as likewise the High and Mighty States General of the United Provinces of the Netherlands; being continually intent on preserving the blessing of peace, have duly considered, that however, by the triple alliance concluded by them on the 4th day of January 1717, their own kingdoins and provinces were provided for, yet that the provision was neither so general nor so solid, as that the public tranquillity could long flourish and last, unless at the same time the jea.


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