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the grace of the Divine goodness, manifest signs have been given, of a certain disposition to restore peace and quiet so much desired by the whole Chriftian world, but more especially by us, for the sake of what our dominions have respectively suffered. And whereas plenipotentiaries have been named by some of the principal powers engaged in the war, with fufficient authority to treat of peace, which is to be entered into with mutual friendship; we therefore being willing on cur part to concur in so laudable and glorious a desire, have determined to nominate, as we do, by virtue of these prefents, nominate you Don Francisco Maria de Paula, Tellez Giron, Venavides, Carrillo and Toledo, Ponce of Leon, Duke of Offuna, our cousin, Count of Uzena, Marquis of Pennafiel, one of the first nobles of my bed-chainber, and great chamberlain, notary major of my kingdoms of Castille, Clavero mayor and commander of the same order, and of the usagre of the Order of St. James, captain of my royal life-guards; Don John de Browkoven, Count of Bergueych, our counsellor and minister of war, and superintendant general of our finances in Flanders; and Don Isidore Cazade de Rofales, Marquis of Monteleon, our kinsman, and fena, tor in our royal council of the Indies, our ambassadors and plenipotentiaries: Because we know that your perfons are adorned with prudence, experience, zeal, and love for our interest, and the high qualities which are chiefly necessary to the direction and disposal of an 'affair of so great and important a consequence; we therefore charge and command you, that you immediately repair to the congress at Utrecht, which is the place appointed for treating of peace; that you may there, together with the plenipotentiaries appointed by the Kings and Potentates concerned, and provided with sufficient authority and instructions, enter into, and be impowered to enter into conferences or agreements of a particular or general peace; and we do grant full and intire power and authority to you the Duke of Ofsuna, the Count of Bergueych, and Marquis de Monte

leon, leon, to you all three together, or to two of you, in case of the absence or infirmity of the other, or to one alone, in case of the absence or infirmity of the other two, to enter into, conclude, and sign in our name, a treaty of peace between us and the other Kings and Potentates in war, jointly with them all, or separately with any one of them, and to agree upon, conclude, subscribe, and deliver all instruments necessary on this occasion, and in general to do, promise, and stipulate such acts and declarations as shall be necessary to the exchange of what shall be agreed upon, and all other things whatsoever, which any way conduce or relate to the conclusion or negotiation of peace, although they are not expressed here, and with the same power, authority, and fulness, as we ourselves could do, if we were present; and even in those affairs and acts which may require a more special and express command than is contained in these full powers : and whatsoever you three, or two of you, in case of the absence or sickness of one of you, or one alone, in the like case of the absence or sickness of the other two, as is abovesaid, fall do, treat, promise, conclude, and corroborate with your subscription, we engaging our faith and Royal word, do promise to confirm and ratify, without any diminution, with the oaths and other folemnities requisite and necessary in such a case, within the time which shall be signed reciprocally by the plenipotentiaries at the said congress. In witness whereof, and for the greater force and validity of the same, we have ordered to be dispatched, and have dispatched these presents, signed with our hand, sealed with our privy seal, and countersigned by our underwritten secretary of state. Given at Madrid, the 28th day of December 1711.

I the KING
Don Manuel of Vadillo and Velasco.


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[The following is printed from the copy published by authority in 1714.] Treaty of Navigation and Commerce between the most

Serene and most Potent Princess Anne, by the Grace of God, Queen of Great Britain, France, and IreJand, Defender of the Faith, &c. and the most Serene and most Potent Prince Philip the Vth, the Catholic King of Spain, concluded at Utrecht, the

* Day of December 1713. ANNE, by the grace of God, Queen of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the faith, &c. To all and singular to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas the Right Reverend Father in God, our right trusty and well-beloved counsellor, John Bishop of Bristol, our ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary, dean of Windsor, and register of our most noble Order of the Garter, did on our part, together with the plenipotentiaries of his Catholic Majesty, conclude and sign at Utrecht, on the 25 day of Dovember 1713, a treaty of commerce between the subjects of Great Britain and Spain, as follows:

A good and firm peace, and a true and sincere friendship, having, by the merciful aslistance of God, been happily established between the most Serene and Potent Prince and Lady, Anne, by the grace of God, Queen of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, &c. and the most' Serene and Potent Prince and Lord, Philip the Fifth, by the grace of God, Catholic King of Spain, &c. and their heirs and successors, kingdoms and subjects, by a treaty of pacification concluded at Utrecht, the Second day of the month of July last past, their Majesties before all things made it their care, that the mutual advantage of their subjects in matters of trade might be provided for after the best manner; and therefore they most graciously gave instructions to their ambassadors extraordinary and ple




nipotentiaries (by whose means the peace had been happily concluded) to draw up into a solemn treaty of commerce, whatsoever, after all things had been thoroughly considered at the conferences held for that purpose at Madrid, should seem to conduce most to this good end ; the said ambassadors therefore, by virtue of their full powers (copies whereof are inserted word for word at the end of this instrument) agreed upon articles of commerce for the explanation of former treaties, and greater ease and convenience of trade, in the manner and form following:

1. The treaty of peace, commerce, and alliance, concluded at Madrid, between the crowns of Great Britain and Spain, the day of May, 1667, is ratified and confirmed by this treaty, and, for the greater strengthening and confirmation of the same, it has been thought proper to insert it word for word in this place, together with the royal schedules or ordinations annexed to it, as follows:

(Here was inferted the treaty of Madrid, 1667;

which see before in this vol. p. 5:]

Petition. I Don Brian Johnson, consul of the English nation, in the best form I can, do declare, that his Majesty hath been pleased to dispatch divers cedulas or grants in favour of the said nation, whereby they may have a particular judge conservator, that may take cognizance of their causes, as well being plaintiffs as defendants of the said nation; and in the articles of peace, in the ninth article, and the thirty-eighth, it is expressly ordered and agreed, that they should be kept with all the exemptions granted to the said English nation, together with the rights and privileges granted to any other nacion whatsoever, or to the Hans-cities : as also doth appear by another cedula set forth by the Queen our lady; and these Hans-towns have the privilege of a

udge judge conservator, being either plaintiffs or defendants, as the said English nation hath, as appears by a copy of the said cedula, and the cedula which I now present and swear to. Given in Madrid, the twentieth day of March, in the year one thousand six hundred and seventy. I intreat your lordship therefore, to command the said cedulas and articles of peace be perused, and to order that they be observed and executed in all refpects; let those of the English nation be either plaintiffs or defendants, providing as much as may be in favour of the said nation. I ask justice, &c.

Don Brian Johnson, Lic.

D. Juan de Oliver.


The Queen Governess. FOR as much as the merchants of the English nation, which trade in the city of Sevilla, have represented, that they receive many vexations from the ministers which reside therein, contravening the articles between this crown and that, humbly intreating me, that for the future they may not be prejudiced in any thing that hath been agreed to or ordered in the articles of the peace, and that I would order the necessary dispatches to be given for the observance thereof: as also that the cedulas which the King my Lord (now in glory) granted them, in the year one thousand six hundred and forty-five, may have their full force and vigour, as being part of the last treaty adjusted between me and the most Serene King of Great Britain, as is referred to in the ninth article ; I have consented thereunto: wherefore I order and command the president of the court of Degrees of the city of Sevilla, and all other ministers thereof, to whom belongs the performance of the one and the other, that in all respects whatsoever they inviolably execute all what is contained in the said articles of peace, and granted by the cedula referred to, whenfoever they are required by


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