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ANCIENT INNS.

man or footman, if his chamber be

once appointed he may carrie the kaie To " take mine ease in mine with him, as of his owne house, so inn," is a proverbial phrase which long as he lodgeth there. If he lose Shakspeare has placed in the mouth ought whilest he abideth in the inne, of Falstaff, and which implies a degree the host is bound by a generall cusof comfort that has always been the tome to restore the damage, so that peculiar attribute of an English house there is no greater securitie anie where of entertainment. That it was not for travellers than in the great inns less felt and enjoyed in former times of England.” He then, after enumerthan our own, is very apparent from ating the depredations to which trathe accounts of varrious old writers, 'vellers are subject on the road, comparticularly Harrison and Fynes pletes the picture by the following Moryson; the former writing to- additional touches : wards the close of the sixteenth, and In all innes, we have plentie of the latter at the commencement of ale, biere, and sundrle kinds of wine, the seventeenth century. These de- and such is the capacitie of some of scriptions, which are curiously faithful them, that they are able to lodge two and highly interesting, paint the pro- hundred or three hundred persons, vincial hostelries of England as in a and their horses at ease, and thereto most flourishing state, and according with a verie short warning make to Harrison, indeed, greatly superior such provision for their diet, as to to those which existed in the metro- hiin that is unacquainted withall, polis.

may seeme to be incredible. And it " Those townes, savs the his. is a world to see how ech owner of torian, " that we call thorowfares, them contendeth with other for have great and sumptuous innes goodness of intertainment of their builded in them, for the receiving of ghests, as about finesse and change of such travellers and strangers as passe linnen, furniture of bedding, beautie to and fro. The manner of harbering of rooms, service at the table, costli. wherein, is not like to that of some nesse of plate, strength of drinke, other countries, in which the host or varietie of wines, or well using of good man of the house dooth chal

horses. Finallie, there is not among lenge a lordlie authoritie over his them so much omitted as the gorgeghests, but clean otherwise, sith every ousness of their verie signes at their mau may use his inne as liis owne doores, wherein somé doo consume house in England, and have for his thirtie or fortie poundsma meere monie how great or little varietie of vanitie in mine opinion—but so vaine vittels, and what other service bim- will they needs be, and that not oneselfe shall thinke expedient to call lie to give some outwerd token of the for. Our innes are also verie well innekeeper's welth, but also to profurnished with naperie, bedding, and cure good ghests to the frequenting tapisserie,especialls with naperie ; for of their houses, in hope there to be beside the linnen used at the tables, well used.” which is commonlie washed dailie, is “ As soone as a passenger comes şuch and so much as belongeth unto to an inne,'' remarks Moryson, “the the estate, and calling of the ghest. servants run to him, and one takes Ech commer is sure to lie in cleane his horse and walkes him till be be slieets, wherein no man hath beene cold, then rubs him down and gives lodged since they came from the lan- him meat. Another servant gives dresse or out of the water wherein the passenger his private chamber, they were last washed. If the tra- and kindles his fire; the third pulls yeller have an horse, his bed dooth off his bootes and makes them cleane; cost him nothing, but if he go on then the host, or hostess visits him; foote he is sure to paie a pennie for and if he will eat with the hoste, or the same; but whether he be horse. at a common table with others, his

to alter it."*

meale will cost him a sixpence, or in house, and know not otherwise how some places but four-pence; but if to bestow their time, but in drioking ; he will eate in his chamber, he com- malt, worms, men, fishes, or water mands what meate he will according snakes. Qui bibunt solum ranarum to his appetite; yea, the kitchen is more, nihil comedentes, like so many open to him to order the meate to frogs in a puddle. "Tis their sole be dressed as he likes beste. After exercise to eat and drink : to sacrifice having eaten what he pleases, he may, to Volupia, Rumina, Edulica, Pawith credit, set by a part for the next tina, Mellona, is all their religion. day's breakfast. His bill will then be They wish for Philaxenus? neck, written for him, and should he ob- Jupiter's trinoctium, and that the ject to any charge, the hoste is ready sun would stand still, as in Joshua's

time, to satisfie their desire. FlourishTaverns and alehouses were often ing wits, and men of good parts, distinguished formerly by a bush or good fashion, and good worth, basely tuft of ivy at their doors, a custom prostitute theniselves to very rogues which more particularly prevailed in company, to take tobacco and drink, Warwickshire, and is still practised, to roar and sing scurrille songs in remarks Mr Ritson,“ in this county, base places. They drown their wits, at Statutes-hirings, wakes, &c. by and seethe their brains in ale.' people who sell ale at no othertimes." Some remarkable inns, or houses Shakspeare alludes to this observance of entertainment, are mentioned by in his epilogue to As You like it, various authors, which have long “ If it be true,” he says, " that good ceased to exist. One of these, called wine needs no bush, 'tis true that a

the Checquer lun, Mr. Lysons inform good play needs no epilogue : yet to us, had in the year 1451, a license goud wine they do use good bushes." granted to its landlord, John Calcot, Several old plays mention the same to have an Oratory in his house,

and custom, and Bishop Earle in his

a Chaplain, for the use of his family Microsmography, tells us that a

a and guests, as long as his house tavern is a degree. (or if you will) a should continue decent and respectpaire of stairs above an alehouse, able, and adapted to the celebration where inen are drunk with more cre- of Divine Service. This house was dit and apology. If the vintner's nose probably situated on or near the site be at door, it is a sign sufficient, but of an alley between High-street and the absence of this is supplied by the Fore-street, called “ Calcot’s-alley,' IVY-BUSH."

and was the place where Moore, the That houses of this description, the noted Almanac maker lived inany whole furniture of which, according years. Another ancient inn, still in to Earle, consisted but of a stool, a part standing, but shewed entire in table, and a pot de chambre, were as' Hollar's view just mentioned, was numerous, in proportion to the popu- situated at the beginning of Forelation, two hundred years ago, as at street, on the river side. Both these present, and the scene of the same inns are said to have been in great disgusting and intemperate orgies, is business for entertaining travellers, but too apparent from the invective while the Horse-ferry was in use, of Burton, in his “ Anatomy of before the building of WestminsterMelancholy" “ See the mischief," he bridge. exclaims,

many inen knowing that merry company is the only medicine against melancholy, will, therefore, Interesting Varieties. neglect their business, and in another extream, spend all their dayes among VICARS OF BRAY.—The Vicar of good fellows in a tavern, or an ale- Bray, in Berkshire, was a Papist,

under the reign of Henry VIII, and * Moryson's Itinerary. Fo. Lond. 1617. a Protestant under Edward VI; he was a Papist again under Mary, and selves with laces. This singular cusonce more became a Protestant in the tom continued in vogue from the year reign of Elizabeth. When this scandal 1382 to 1468, a period of eighty-six to the gown was reproached for his years: but in the last-mentioned year versatility of religious creeds, and we find (by referring to the Ancient taxed with being a turncoat and an Chronicles) that it was prohibited inconstant changeling, as Fuller ex- under the forfeiture of twenty shil. presses it, he replied, “ Not so, nei lings, and pain of cursing by the ther; for if I changed my religion, I clergy.

DRAGO. am sure I kept true to my principle, which is to live and die Vicar of Bray!" GOTAS AND HUNS:--The terrific This vivacious and Reverend hero has honours which these ferocinus nations given birth to a proverb peculiar to paid to their deceased Monarchs, are this country,

T'he Vicar of Bray recorded in history, at the interment will-be Vicar of Bray still*.” But of Attila, king of the Huns, and how has it happened that this Vicar Alaric, King of the Goths. Attila should be so notorious, and one died in 453, and was buried in the in much higher rank, acting the same inidst of a vast champaign in a coffin, part, should have escaped notice ? which was inclosed in one of gold, Dr. Kitchen, Bishop of Llandaff, another of silver, and a third of iron. from an idle Abbot under_Henry With the body were interred all the the VIII., was made a busy Bishop'; spoils of the enemy, harnesses emProtestant under Edward, he re- broidered with gold and studded with turned to his old master under jewels; rich silks, and whatever they Mary; and at last took the oath of had taken most precious in the palaces supremacy under Elizabeth, and fi- of the kings they had pillaged: and nished as a Parliamentary Protestant. that the place of this interment might A pun spread the odium of his name; for ever remain concealed, the Huns for they said that he had always loved deprived of life all who assisted at his the Kitchen better than the Church! burial ! The Goths had done nearly

the same for Alaric, in 410, at Cosenca, SINGULAR OCCURRENCE.- At a town in Calabria. They turned Christmas, in the year 1179, at aside the river Vasenta, and having Oxenball, a short distance from Dar- formed a grave in the midst of its bed, lington, in the bishopric of Durham, where its course was most rapid, they the earth raised itself up like a lofty interred this king with prodigious tower, and remained in that state for accumulation of riches. After having several hours, but sunk down again caused the river to re-assume its usual on a sudden with a most terrific noise, course, they murdered, without exleaving a deep pit there, which (í ception, all those who had been conhave been told) remains to the cerned in diggiog this singular grave. present time.

DRAGO.

Talc OIL._This nostrum was Ancient Custom.-Among the famous in its day as a cosmetic, promost ridiculous customs of our fore- bably because the mineral, when calfathers, was that of wearing the beaks cined, becomes very white, and was or points of their shoes of an extra- thought a fit substitute for ceruse. ordinary length, which encumbered In Baptista Porta's “ Natural Mathem in their walking so much, that gic,” English translation, 1658, are they were obliged to fasten them up three receipts for making it, under to their knees.

The nobility and the title, 6 How to dissolve TALK gentry did this with chains of silver, for to beautify women.”

But they or silver gilt, but the mobility, &c. all consist of niodes of calcining that were necessitated to content them- mineral, with other fanciful additions.

The last, indeed, directs, how to make • Compare Nic-Nac, vol. ii. p. 382 snails eat the powder of it!! A fourth

p. 347.

receipt in B. x. ch. 19. fully directs TO CORRESPONDENTS, the calcination, and then recommends to lay it in a moist place, ' until it WB hope he of Tollington Park does dissolve into oil ;' which might be till not begin to be impatient; he may rest doomsday. But it might imbibe some assured that his two poems shall not be moisture, to make it look more like delayed much longer; nor shall that by oil. From the near similarity, and Zamouzag-a queer signature, by the almost identical sound, of the word, by, for a poel to assume.-G. Sneyd's Mr. Whalley supposed it to have been gleanings from the “ Gentieman's Mawhat the French call Tac; but TAC

gazine” shall grace our VARIETIEs ere meant the disease which was to be dissolution, which appeared in that

long :—the prediction of our speedy cured, i. e. the rot in sheep, and the work a month or two since, did not esoil to be applied.was HUILE DE CEDRE, cape our notice, but we trust the writer (Menage, in bis “ ORIGINES.") The will find us (as cousin Jonathon would Ènglish receipts for making it prove, express it) a pretty considerable d-d also, that he was mistaken. His bote deal more lively than the humdrum is on this passage :

old twaddler imagines: we suppose he

has some connexion with the 56 Two“ With ter empirics in their chamber, penny Trash,” and therefore the wish Lying for the spirit of amber; That for the oil OP Talc dare spend

was father to the thought.-To George

we can only offer our former admoniMore than citizen dare lend.”- vol. vi.

tion, with two lines from his favourite,

Wordsworth : * It is often mentioned by the dramatists, and generally with some sa

“ Poets in their youth begin in gladness, tirical reflection on the ladies.

« But thereof comes in the end des• Talc was also called Muscovy

pondency and madness.” glass :

The editor of the “ New Montbly “ She were an excellent lady, but that Magazine,” in his number for Septemher face peeleth like Muscovy glass.”

ber, has an article on Count RostopMalcontent, 0. Pl. iv. 88. chin's pamphlet relative to the burning

of Moscow, in which he says," Our « He should have brought me some two-fold reason for noticing this little fresh oil of talc,

production so late after its appearance, These ceruses are common

is because we have not seen it even alMassing. “ Cit. Mad.” iv. 2.

luded to in any English publication, L" She ne'er had nor hath great or small, and because we consider Any belief in Madam Baud-bee's bath,

it entitled to rank, from various causes, Or Turner's oil of talc.”

as the most remarkable of modera B. Jons. “ Underw.” p. 391. pamphlets.” Common justice to our

selves demands that we should remind « Who

our readers of the circumstance that a Do verily ascribe the German war, notice of Count R's pamphlet appeared And the late persecutions to curling, in the Nic-Nac so long since as the False teeth, and oil of Talc.

month of January, 1824 (vide vol. ii. p. “ City Match, O. Pl. ix. p. 292. 87), and therefore whatever merit there • The quaint Dr. Whitlock puns may be in priority of observation, we upon it. Speaking of certain nos

are fairly entitled to lay claim to it. trums of quacking ladies, which, he

ERRATA. (In a few copies) p. 265, says,

col. 1, line 4, read “ on one occasion." Shall cost them nothing but their Line 7, read “ 1392." P. 266, col. 1, mentioning of her at gossippings, fune- 1. 38. read “ being one.” ralls, at church before sermons, and the like opportunities of tattle ; so 'that his famous water or powder--must purchase them oyle of talke, for which some women outdo the rarest chymist.”

« Zootomia,” p. 57. Dury Lane; Xud Archer, Berwick Street, Sobo.

LONDON---Print and Published by T. Wallis Camden Town ; and also Published by C. Harris, Bon Sireet, Covent Garden, by whom Communication, for the Editor are received ; Dunbar, Wych Street

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