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Two Common Iliacs.

Phrenic, Caliac Axis, Sup. and Inf. Mesenteric, Supra

renal, Renal, Spermatic, Lumbar, Sacra Media. Thoracic Division.

2 Coronary, Innominate, Left Common Carotid, Left Sub

clavian. Abdominal Aorta.

Pericardiac, Bronchial, Esophageal, Posterior Mediasti

nal, 20 Intercostals.
Back of Auricle and Scalp.

Stylo-mastoid, Auricular.
Brachial and 7 Branches.

Sup. and Acromial Thoracic, Long and Alar Thoracic,

Subscapular, Ant. and Post. Circumflex.
Radial and Ulnar and 4 Branches. Sup. and Inf. Profunda, Nutrient, and Anastomotica Magna.
Ext. and Int. Carotid.

Ext. and Int. Carotid.
8 Branches.

Sup. Thyroid, Lingual, Facial, Occipital, Post. Auric.,

Ascending Pharyngeal, Temporal, Internal Maxillary.
Ant. part of Brain, Eye, Forehead and Tympanic, Arteriæ Receptaculi, Ant. Meningeal, Ophthal.
Nose.

mic, Ant. and Mid. Cerebral, Post. Communicating, Ant.

Choroid.
Stomach, Liver, Spleen.

Gastric, Hepatic, Splenic.
Tissues of Heart.

Numerous small branches.
Foot.

Tarsal, Metatarsal, Dorsalis Pollicis, Communicating,

Interosseous.
Abdominal Wall.

Cremasteric, Pubic, Muscular.
Organs of Pharynx and Face. Inf, or ascending Palatine, Tonsillar, Submaxillary, Sub-

mental, Musculars, Inf. Labial, Inf. and Sup. Coronary,

Lateralis Nasi, Angular.
Generative Organs, Thigh, etc. Superfic. Epigastric, Circumflex Iliac and Ext. Pudic;

Deep Ext. Pudic, Profunda, Muscular, Anastomotica

Magna, Popliteal.
Glutei Muscles, etc.

Superficial, Deep.
Abdominal Muscles.

Muscular and Anastomotic.
Ext. and Int. Iliac.

Ext. and Int. Iliac.
Lower Limb.

Femoral Artery, Deep Epigastric, Deep Circumflex Iliac.
Pelvic and Generative Organs, inner Ant. Trunk, Post. Trunk.

side of Thigh.
Pelvic, Generative Organs and Thigh. Sup., Mid., and Inf. Vesical, Mid. Hemorrhoidal, Obtura-

tor, Int. Pudic, Sciatic, Uterine, Vaginal.

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Epigastric (Deep).
Facial

Femoral.

Gluteal.
Iliac, Deep Circumflex.
Iliac, Common.
Iliac, External.
Iliac, Internal.

Iliac, Internal, Ant. Trunk.

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Common Iliac.
Muscles of Hip, etc.

Ilio-lumbar, Lateral Sacral, Gluteal.
Arch of Aorta.
Thyroid Body.

Right Common Carotid, Right Subclavian.
2d Branch Ext. Carotid. Hyoid and adjacent muscles, sublin-Hyoid, Dorsalis linguæ, Sublingual, Ranine.

gual gland, mouth, tongue.
Subclavian.
Structures of Thorax.

Comes Nervi Phrenici, Mediastinal, Pericardiac, Sternal,

Ant. Intercostal, Perforating, Musculo-phrenic, Sup.

Epigastric.
Abdominal Aorta.
Descend. Colon, Rectum.

Colica Sinistra, Sigmoid, Sup. Hemorrhoidal.
Abdominal Aorta.
Small Intestine, Cæcum, Colon.

Inf. Pancreatico-Duodenal, Vasa intestini tenuis, Ileo.

Colic, Colica dextra, et Media.
8th Br. Ext. Carotid. Structures indicated by Names of 3 Groups : Maxillary, Pterygoid, Spheno-Maxillary.

Branches
Ext. Carotid.

Structures indicated by Names of Tympanic (Ant.), Middle Meningeal, Small Meningeal,
Branches.

Inf. Dental.
Ext. Carotid.

Structures indicated by Names of Deep Temporal, Pterygoid, Masseteric, Buccal.

Branches.
Ext. Carotid.

Structures indicated by Names of Alveolar, Infraorbital, Post., or Descending Palatine,
Branches.

Vidian, Pterygo-Palatine, Nasal, or Spheno-palatine.
Int. Iliac.
Pelvis and Thigh.

Iliac, Vesical, Pubic. Ext. and Int. Pelvic.
4th Br. Ext. Carotid. Muscles of Neck, Occiput, etc. Muscular, Sterno-mastoid, Auricular, Meningeal, Arteria

princeps cervicis. Int. Carotid. The Eye.

Lachrymal, Supraorbital, Post. and Ant. Ethmoidal, Pal

pebral, Frontal, Nasal, Muscular, Ant., Short and Long

Ciliary, Art. Centralis Retinæ.
Radial and Communicating of Palm and Fingers.

Radialis indicis, Palmar inteross., Perforating, Recurrent.
Ulna.
Ulnar and Superficialis Volæ. Palm and Fingers.

4 Digital Branches.
6th Br. Ext. Carotid. Neck, Pharynx, Dura Mater. External Pharyngeal and Meningeal Branches.
Post. Tibial.
Sole and Toes.

Post. Perforating, Digital, etc.
Femoral.
Thigh and Knee.

Sup. and Inf. Muscular, Cutaneous, Articulars (Sup., Ext.

and Int.), Azygos Articular, Articulars (Inf., Ext. and Int.), Ant. and Post. Tibial.

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Femoral. Muscles of Thigh, etc.

Ext. and Int. Circumflex, Perforating Int. Iliac. Generative Organs.

Inf. Hemorrhoidal, Superfic. and Transv. Perineal, Bulb,

Corpus Cavernosum, and of Penis.
Right Ventricle.
Lungs.

Right and Left Pulmonary.
Brachial.
Forearm, Wrist, Hand.

Radial Recurrent, Muscular, Superficialis volæ, Ant. and

Post. Carpal, Metacarpal, Dorsalis pollicis et Indicis,
Princeps Pollicis, Radialís indicis, Perforantes, Inter-

Osseæ.
Int. Iliac.
Muscles back of Pelvis.

Muscular, Vesical, Hemorrhoidal, Coccygeal, Inf. gluteal,

Comes Nervi Ischiadici, Articular.
Right from Innominate, Left Neck, Thorax, Brain, Meninges, etc. Vertebral, Thyroid Axis.

from Aorta.
Thyroid Axis.
Muscles of Shoulder.
Supra-acromial and others.

Transverse Facial,
7th Br. Ext. Carotid.

Forehead, Parotid gland, Masseter,
Ear.
Anterior Temporal. Post. Temporal Anterior Facial.

(Ant. Auricular.
Subclavian.

Shoulder, Neck, Thorax, Spine, Inf. Thyroid, Suprascapular, Transversalis Colli.

Cord.
Thyroid Axis.

Gland, Larynx, Trachea, Esophagus, Laryngeal, Tracheal and Esophageal Branches, Ascend-
etc.

ing Cervical, Muscular.
ist Branch Ext. Carotid. Omo-hyoid, Sterno-hyoid, Sterno- Hyoid, Superfic. Descending, Sup. Laryngeal, Crico-thy-
thyroid, Thyroid Gland.

roid.
Popliteal.
Leg, Ankle, etc.

Recurrent Tibial, Muscular, Ex. and Int. Malleolar, Dor

salis Pedis.
Popliteal.
Leg, Heel, Foot.

Peroneal, Ant. Peroneal, Muscular, Nutrient, Communi

cating, Int. Calcarean. Plantars.
Thyroid Axis.
Muscles of neck and back.

Superfic. Cervical and Post. Scapular.
Brachial.
Forearm, Wrist and Hand.

Ant. and Post. Ulnar Recurrent, Ant. and Post. inteross.,

Muscular, Ant. and Post. Carpal, Deep or Communi

cating, Digital. Subclavian. Neck and Cerebrum.

Lat. Spinal, Muscular, Post. Meningeal, Ant. and Post.

Spinal, Post. Inf. Cerebellar.

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ARYTENOID

56

ASPARAGIN

in abeyance, as in asphyxia neonatorum, drowning, etc. Hall's Method, by turning the body alternately upon the side or face. Howard's Method, by pressure upon the lower ribs every few seconds. Sylvester's Method, chietly by movements of the

arms,

per cent.

Aryte/noid (aputalva, a pitcher, Eidos, likeness). Resembling the mouth of a pitcher. A. Cartilages, two cartilages of the larynx regulating, by the means of the at. tached muscles, the tension of the vocal cords. A. Muscle, arises from the posterior surface of one arytenoid cartilage and is inserted into the corresponding parts of the other. It is composed of three planes of fibres, two oblique and one transverse. It draws the arytenoid cartilages together. Aryth'mic. Irregular; without rhythm. Asafet'ida. Asafetida. A resinous gum obtained from the root of Ferula narthex and F. scordosoma. Somewhat soluble in alcohol, and forms an emulsion with water. Properties due to allyl sulphide, CH, S. A powerful antispasmodic, stimulant and expectorant. Very service. able in hysteria and bronchial affections. Dose gr. v-xx. A. Tinct., strength 20

Dose 3 ss-ij. A. Emplastrum, asafoetida 35, lead plaster 35, galbanum 15, yellow wax 15, alcohol 120 parts. A. Mistura, a 4 per cent, emulsion. A. et Magnesiæ Mist., Dewer's carminative, magnesium carb. 5, tinct. asafætida 7, tinct. opii 1, sugar 10, aq. dest. ad 100 parts. Dose 3 ss-3 ss. A. Pillulæ, contain each gr. iij of asafoetida and gr. j of soap. Dose j-iv. A. et Aloes Pil., have gr. 1% of each ingre. dient. Galbani Pil., comp. See Galbanum. Ammoniæ Fætidus Spt., contains asafoetida 112, liq. ammonize fort. 2, spirit 20 parts. Dose 3 ss-j. Unos. A'sak. See Sacara Indica. Asca'ris (plural Ascarides) (aokapigw, to jump). A genus of the family Ascaridæ. A class of parasitical worms inhabiting the bodies, and especially the intestine, of most animals. A. Lumbricoides, is found in the ox, hog and man. It inhabits the small intestine, especially of children. A. Vermicularis (the thread worm), a synonym of Oxyuris Vermicularis. A. Mystax, the round worm of the cat, and A. Alata have rarely been found in man. Ascep'tol. A sulpho-carbol resembling carbolic and salicylic acids. Highly antiseptic and disinfectant. Unof.

Asci'tes (aoketns, from acros, a bag). An abnormal collection of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity. There is uniform enlargement of the abdomen, fluctuation, percussion dullness, etc. Asclepias. Pleurisy Root. The root of Asclepias tuberosa. A popular remedy in the Southern States for pleurisy. A powerful diaphoretic and a moderate emetic and cathartic. The infusion recommended has a strength of Zj of the powdered root to Z xxxij of water. Dose teacupful every 3 or 4 hours. Unofficial. Also, A. Curassavica, Blood Flower. An herb common to tropical America. Astringent, styptic and anthelmintic against the tapeworm. A popular remedy for checking capillary hemorrhage. Dose of fld. ext. 3j-ij. Unof. Ascococ'cus (askos, a leather bag, KOKKOS, a kernel). A genus of the family of Coccaceēs; with elements united in massive colonies surrounded by tough, thick, gelatinous envelopes. A. Billrothii, found in putrefied meat; its natural habitat is the air. Details of culture, etc., are wanting Ascomycetes (aokos, llUKNS, a mushroom). A large family of fungi, of which the truffles, or Tuberacea, the ergot of rye and mould of dried fruits are examples. Ascoph'ora Muce'do. A microscopic fungus, of which the mould of bread is an example. As'cospore (ackos, otropa, a spore). A spore developed within a sac-like funguscell. Asep'sis (a neg., ontw, to putrefy). The condition of non-putrefaction; absence of all septic material or pathogenic microorganisms. Asep'tic. Free from contaminating or septic matter. The antiseptic treatment of wounds, including aseptic and antiseptic dressings, renders the wound aseptic. Asep'tin. This term has been given to a secret preparation containing boric acid, used for preserving articles of food. Asep'tol, C6H SO,, a reddish liquid, with an odor of carbolic acid, recommended as a disinfectant and antiseptic. Used ex. ternally 1:1000, and internally in about the same dose as carbolic acid. Asit'ia (a, without, oitos, food). The want

of food. Also a loathing for food. Aspar' agin. A crystalline organic principle, CH N,Og, found in asparagus and many other plants. It is diuretic, and sedative to the circulation. See Althæa.

ASPARAGUS

57

ASTHMA

Aspar'agus. The green root of Aspara. gus officinalis. A mild diuretic. Dose of fid. ext. 3 ss-j. Unof. Aspar/tic Acid. C,H,NO, A dibasic crystalline substance obtained from asparagin. It occurs in the body as a result of the action of the pancreatic juice on the fibrin of the blood. Aspergillus (aspergo, to scatter). An order of fungi. A. Auricularis, a fungus found in the wax of the ear. A. Glaucus, the bluish mould found, e.g., upon dried fruit. A. Mucoroides, a species found in tuberculous or gangrenous lung tissue. Asperm'atism (a neg., otepua, seed). Non-emission of semen, whether owing to non-secretion or non-ejaculation. Asper'sion (aspergo, to sprinkle). The act of besprinkling, medicines being sometimes thus applied. Asphyx'ia (a neg., opvzis, the pulse). The effect upon the body of the non-oxygenation of the blood; the suspension of vital phenomena when the lungs are deprived of air. The excess of carbon dioxide in the blood at first stimulates, then paralyzes the respiratory center of the medulla. Artificial respiration is therefore required in cases of sudden asphyxia. A. Neonatorum, the inability of new-born infants to begin respiration spontaneously, or to continue it. Aspidiosper'mine. An alkaloid extracted

from Quebracho, 9. v. Aspid'ium. The rhizome of several species of A., especially A. marginale. Properties due to a resin containing filicilic acid. Valuable chiefly as a vermicide against tapeworm. Dose 3 ss, 3 ss. A. Oleoresina, an ethereal extract. Dose 3 ss-j. As'pirates. See Consonants. Aspira'tion (ad, to, spiro, to breathe). Used as a synonym of inspiration, also of imbibition. The act of using the aspirator. A method of withdrawing the fluids and gases from a wound to prevent contamination. A. of Cataract Extraction. See Extraction of Cataract, Suce tion Method. As/pirator. An instrument for withdrawing the contents of an abscess, tumor, etc., without the admission of air. Assafæe'tida. See Asafatida. Assimila'tion (assimulo, to make like). The process of transforming food into such a nutrient condition that it is taken up by the circulatory system, and forms an integral part of the economy; synthetic or con

structive metabolism; anabolism. A., Pri. mary, that concerned in the conversion of food into chyle and blood. A., Secondary, that relating to the formation of the organized tissues of the body. Associa'tion (associatio). The act of combining; union with. Associated Move. ments, coincident or consensual move. ments of other muscles than the leading one, and which by habit or unity of purpose are involuntarily connected with its action. Both eyeballs move alike in reading, though one be a blind eye. Movement of the normal arm will sometimes produce slight motion of the opposite paralyzed arm. An uniformity of innervation is usually the cause of these movements, and such an example as the rigidity of the jaw in lifting a heavy weight should hardly be called an associated movement. Associated Paralysis, a common paralysis of associated muscles. As'surin. A name given by Thudichum to a complex substance occurring in braintissue. Properties not investigated. Asta'sia (a neg., oTaois, standing). Motor

incoördination for standing. See Abasia. Asteato'des (a neg., oteap, tallow, wons, fullness). Deficient or absent secretion of sebaceous matter by the sebaceous glands. As'ter. See Karyokinesis. Aster'ion. See Skull. Astern'al (a neg., otepvov, the breast bone). Not connected with the sternum. A. Ribs, the five lower pairs, because not joined directly to the sternum. Astern'ia. Absence of the sternum. Asthenia (a neg., obevos, strength). Gen

eral loss or absence of strength; adynamia. Astheno'pia (a neg., otevos, wy, eye). Weakness, speedy fatigue of the ocular muscles or visual powers, due to errors of refraction, insufficiency, over-use, anæmia, etc. A., Accommodative, due to hyperopia, astigmatism, or a combination of the two, producing strain of the ciliary muscle. A., Muscular, due to weakness or strain of the external ocular muscles, most commonly the internal recti-insufficiency. A., Retinal, or Nervous, a rare variety, caused by retinal hyperæsthesia, anesthesia, or other abnormality, or by general nervous affections. Asth'ma (acoja, panting). Paroxysmal or intermittent dyspnea, generally accompanied by cough and bronchial secretion, a feeling of constriction and suffocation. The etiology is obscure, being ascribed to heredity, nasal disease, gout, exhalations

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