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NEOPLASTIC

298

NEURAL

abnormally located. N., Compound Histioid, derived from compound tissue elements-angeioma, carcinoma, etc. N., Mesoblastic, derived from the mesoblast, include the Sarcomata, and the Histioid (Fibroma, Lipoma, Chondroma, Osteoma, Myoma). Neoplastic. Pertaining to a neoplasm. Applied, also, to plastic operations for restoring lost tissue. See Autoplasty. Neoplasty. See Auloplasty. Nepen'the. An old name for an Egyptian anodyne, probably opium. Also, a genus of plants including the pitcher plants. Nephel'ium. See Nebula. Nephræmorrha'gia (veopos, the kidney,

arua, the blood, bryvul, to pour out). Hemorrhage from the kidney. Nephral'gia (veopos, ahyos, a pain). Any

pain of the kidney. Nephrapost'asis (n'eopos, anoota015, suppurative inflammation). Abscess, or suppurative inflammation of the kidneys. Nephrat'ony (veopos, a negative, tovos, tone). Atony or paralysis of the kidneys. Nephrau'xè (veopos, avčn, increase). En

largement of the kidney. Nephrec'tomy (veopos, Ektoun, excision).

Excision of the kidney. Nephrelco'sis (veopos, eKoois, ulceration).

A condition of ulceration of the kidneys. Nephrel'cus (veopos, el.kos, an ulcer). An

ulcer of the kidney. Nephremphraxis (νεφρος, εμφραξις, obstruction). Obstruction of the vessels of the kidneys. Nephrit'ic. Pertaining to nephritis. Nephri'tis. Inflammation of the kidneys.

See Bright's Disease. Neph'rocele (veopos, Kna.n, a tumor).

Hernia of the kidney. Neph'rolith (veopos, hubos, a stone). Cal

culus or stone the kidney. Nephrolithotomy (νεφρος, λιθος, τομη, cutting). Operation for calculus of the kidney. Nephropyo'sis (veopos, TVWOLS, suppuration). Suppuration of the kidney. Nephror'aphy (veopos, þaon, suture). Suture of the kidney to the wall of the abdomen, in floating kidney, instead of nephrectomy. Nephrot'omy (veopos, Teuvo, to cut).

Incision of the kidney. Nephrozy/mose. An animal gum some

times found in urine. Ne'reum. The leaves or root of N. odorum, the common oleander. The extractive principles exert a marked effect on

the motor centers, in lethal doses, producing paralysis and death from heart failure. In small doses, a cardiac tonic resembling digitalis. Dose of the extract gr. 36. Unof. Nerve (nervus). Nerves are fibrillar or tube-like cords of albuminous tissue proceeding from ganglia, chiefly of the cord and encephalon, to other ganglia or plexuses, or to peripheral organs, forming the routes of intercommunication for motor, vasomotor, sensory, volitional, trophic, or other stimuli, whereby the organism is bound into a unit, and controlled from a central source. N., Anabolic, one directly or indirectly bringing about constructive metabolism. N., Augmentor, the cardiac sympathetic nerves. N., Katabolic, one producing chemical de. structive changes in a muscle or tissue. N., Vaso - Motor. See Vaso - Motor. An alphabetical list of the principal nerves, with their function, origin, distribution, and branches, is appended. (See pp. 299–304.) Nerve-stretching. Mechanical elongation or tension of an exposed nerve, for neuralgia, spasmodic contraction, etc. N.-S., Subcutaneous, by flexion or massage of the part instead of exposing the nerve. Nerve Tumor. See Neuroma. Ner'vine (nervus). A remedy that calms nervous excitement or acts favorably on nervous diseases. Nervi Nervo'rum. A term sometimes applied to the small nerves supplying the nerve sheaths. Nervous. Pertaining to nerves. Applied to conditions of nervous hyperæsthesia and neurasthenia. N. System. See Cerebrospinal. Net'tle. The root of Urtica dioica, the common stinging nettle. A common domestic remedy in nephritic complaints and hemorrhages. Astringent, diuretic and antiscorbutic. Dose of fid. ext. mxx-xl. N. Rash. See Urticaria. Neu'bauer's Test (for sugar). A solution of indigo-carmine, rendered alkaline with sodic carbonate, is added to the suspected solution until a slight bluish color is ob. tained. With heat, if sugar be present, the color passes into purple, red and yellow. Shaken with air, the fluid again becomes blue. Neuradyna'mia. See Neurasthenia. Neu'ral. Pertaining to nerves. N. Axis, the spinal cord. N. Tube, the closed medullary groove of the epiblast.

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Cervical, 3d (ant. Motion and sensa- Cord. div.).

Communicating.

tion.

Ascending, descending, communicating filaments.

Cervical, 3d Motion and sensa. Cord.
(post. div.). tion.

Occiput, etc., sple- Internal, external
nius, complexus, and filaments.
etc.

Cervical, 4th Motion and sensa- Cord.
(ant, div.). tion.

Shoulder and com- Communicating filmunicating. aments, muscular,

etc.

Brachial plexus.

Communicating

Cervicals, 5th to Motion and sensa- Cord.

8th (ant. div.). tion.
Cervicals, 4th to Motion and sensa- Cord.
8th (post. div.). tion.

ext.

Muscles and skin Int.

and of neck.

branches.

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Communicans Motion and sensa- ad cervical, 3d cer- Descendens noni.
noni.
tion.

vical.

Omo-hyoid and fila.

ments.

Communicating. Motion and sensa- Cervical plexus.

tion.

Spinal accessory.

Branches.

Communicating. Sensation and mo- ist and ad cervical. Pneumogastric, hy- Three branches and tion.

poglossal, sympa- filaments.
thetic.

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Teeth, muscles, Mylo-hyoid, incisor, gland.

Dental (inf.).

Sensation.

Inf. maxillary.

mental, dental.

Digastric.

Motion.

Facial.

Post. belly of digas- Filaments.
tric.

Dorsal, 12 (ant. Motion and sensa- Cord
and post. div.). tion.

Muscles and skin External, internal, of chest and cutaneous, etc. trunk.

4th ventricle.

Facial (7th cra- Motion.
nial, portio
dura).

Face, ear, palate, Petrosals, tym-
tongue.

panic, chorda-tympani, post.-auricular, digastric, stylo - hyoid, tem. poro-facial, cer. vico-facial.

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Cheek, face, teeth. Orbital, spheno-pa

latine, dentals, infra-orbital.

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