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1. The sacratra, nearest of

all to the pure negro type, may be the result of 5 combinations, and may

have. 2. The griffe, result of 5

comb. 3. The capre, or marabou,

result of 5 comb. 4. The mulâtre (mulatto), re

sult of 12 comb. 5. The quarteron (quadroon),

result of 20 comb. 6. The mélis, result of 6 comb. 7. The mamelouc; result of 5

comb.. 8. The quarteronné, result of

4 comb. 9. The sang-mêlé (lit.“mixed

blood"), the result of 4 comb..

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plied to the skin for purposes of counterirritation. Muce'din. See Gluten. Mu'cigin. A substance found in gobletcells, which, upon the addition of water, yields mucus. Mu'cilage. See Mucilago. Mucilag'inous. Pertaining to mucilage

or gum. Mucila'go. (Lat.) A mucilage. In pharmacy, a thick, viscid liquid found by extracting the soluble mucilaginous principles of certain plants in water.

There are 5 unofficial mucilagines. Mu'cin. An albuminoid tissue, the characteristic substance in mucus, occurring also in saliva, bile, mucous tissue, synovia, etc.

Decomposed it yields leucin and tyrosin. Mu'cocele (mucus, kran, tumor). A mucus

tumor or distention of the lachrymal sac. Mu'coid. Resembling mucus. Muco-pu'rulent (uvča, sap, upos, putrefying). In the condition of secreting mucus mingled with pus. Mu'cor. One of the polymorphic forms of Penicillium, a mould-fungus growing on many substances, but chiefly on articles of food, excreta, etc. Like Eurotium, Aspergillus, etc., this fungus is not considered the specific cause of diseased conditions of the mucous passages, though in cases of bronchiectasis vomica, pulmonary gangrene, etc., it produces hyphæ condiæ and sometimes condiophores. Mu'cosine. An albuminoid substance derived from mucus,-isomerous with keratine. Mu'cous (uva). Containing or having the nature of mucus. A term applied to those tissues that secrete

M. Membrane. See Membrane. Mu'cus (uvča). The viscid liquid secretion of the mucous membrane, composed essentially of mucosine holding in suspension desquamated epithelial cells, leucocytes, etc. Mug'wort. The leaves and tops of Artemisia vulgaris. Therapeutical properties similar to those of wormwood. See Absinthium. Dose of Ad. ext. mxx-3). Unof. Mulat'to_(Sp. muleto, dim. of mulé, a mule). The offspring of a negro mother and a white father, or of a white mother and negro father. The term is also loosely used of other and all degrees of intermixture. According to the classification adopted and recognized in the French slave-colonies,


Mul'berry Calculus. See Calculus.
Mulberry Mass. See Morula.
Mul'der's Test. See Neubauer's Test.
Mul'lein. See Verbascum.
Müller's Duct. See Reproductive Organs.
Müller's Fluid. For hardening tissue
specimens: Potassic bichromate grm. 45;
Sodic sulphate grm. 20; Water 2 liters.
Müller's Ring. The internal os uteri, the

upper limit of the cervical canal. Müller's Ring Muscle. Certain fibers of the ciliary muscle lying near the ciliary border, abnormally developed in hyperopia. Mul'ti- (pl. of multus, much). A Latin pre

fix signifying many. Multifid. See Muscle, Multifidus Spina. Multigrav'ida (multus, many, gravidus, pregnant). A woman who has been pregnant several times. Multilob ular (multus, lobus, a lobe).

Many lobed. Multiloc'ular (multus, loculus). Many

celled. Multip'ara (multus, parire, to bring forth). One bearing several offspring at a birth. Also, applied to one who has borne several children. See Pregnancy, Multiple. Multip'arous. Referring to a multipara. MULTIPLE NEURITIS



perfections in the field of vision, due to shadows of vitreous cells. Mus'ca Hispanio'la. See Cantharis. Mus'cardine. A disease of silkworms, due to the mycelial fungus Botrytis bassi


Multiple Neuri'tis. A disease in which many nerves are attacked by inflammation at the same time. Beri-beri is commonly regarded as an endemic multiple neuritis. Multiple neuritis may be spontaneous, or without assignable cause ; toxic, due to alcohol and chronic poisoning ; infectious, or complicated with other diseases; epidemic or endemic. The symptoms are pain, tenderness of nerves and muscles, anästhesia, motor-paralysis, spasms, cramps, vaso-motor changes, etc. Multiplica'tor, or Multiplier. An instrument for detection of an electric current and for measuring its strength. Multipo'lar (multus, polus, a pole). Having more than two poles. Also, nerve cells having more than two processes. Multiv'orous (multus, voro, to devour).

Voracious. Mummifica'tion. See Gangrene, Dry. Mum'my (mumia). An embalmed body, especially a body' embalmed after the

Egyptian process. Mumps. “See Parotitis. Munro's Foramen. See Foramen. Murex'ide Test. A test for the presence of uric acid. The suspected substance is moistened by nitric acid, evaporated to dryness, and again moistened with ammonium hydrate. The residue, after evapo. ration, has a yellow or pink-yellow color, if uric acid be present, which turns to a rich purple-red on the addition of ammonium hydrate. Muriat'ic (muria, brine). Pertaining to sea-salt. Also, the common

name for hydrochloric. See Acid, Hydrochloric. Mur'mur. A mimetic name for the rhythmic sounds observed in auscultation, made by the friction of moving currents in the organs of respiration and circulation. See Bruit. M., Arterial, the sound made by the arterial current. M., Cardiac, those sounds, diastolic or systolic, produced in health or disease by the muscular actions of the heart and the passage of the blood through the same. M., Hæmic, the sounds due to changes in the quality or amount of the blood itself, and not to changes in the vessels or valves. M., Respiratory, the normal or abnormal sounds of the passage of the air through the bronchi and lung tissue during inspiration and expiration. M., Uterine. See Souffle. M., Venous. See Bruit de diable. Mus'cæ Volitan'tes (Lat. same; Fr. Mouches volantes). Floating spots or im

Mus'carine. A ptomaine, the well-known toxic principle obtained by Schmiedeberg from poisonous mushrooms (Agaricus muscarius), and, later, obtained by Brieger from haddock after five days' decomposition. Very small doses of this płomaine produce in rabbits profuse salivation and lachrymation, contraction of pupil, profuse diarrhoea, and passing of urine and semen, and, finally, convulsions and death. Muscarine belongs to the Choline group, and, like that of the other ptomaïnes of that group, its action may be antagonized by subsequent injection of atropine. Mus'cle (Musculus). Organic tissues possessing contractile power under nervous or other stimulus; they provide the means of movement in animals, and are of two kinds, the striped and smooth, the first being voluntary, the second not directly subject to the will. M. of Animal Life, Striped or Voluntary M., those under the control of the will; they are composed of fasciculi of fibers enclosed in a delicate tissue called internal perimysium. M. of Organic Life, Unstriped or Involuntary M., those composed of spindleshaped, contractile fibers and nucleated cells collected in bundles. A table arranged alphabetically is appended, showing the principal muscles of the human body, with their origin, insertion, innervation and sunction. (See pp. 280–290.) M.-plasma, the liquid obtained from fresh muscle by expression, preferably after freezing. Its coagulation is the essential condition of rigor mortis, and is comparable to the coagulation of blood. The solid proteid thus separated is called myosin. Two of its proteids, paramyosinogen and myosinogen go to form the clot, while the other three, myoglobulin, albumin and myoalbuminose remain in the muscle serum. M.-serum, the liquid residue left after the separation of the clot by coagulation of muscle-plasma.

See Muscle-plasma. Mus'cular. Pertaining to a muscle or to muscles. M. Fiber, the fibers, each sheathed in a delicate membrane, which compose the mass of muscular tissue. It consists of two varieties, striped and unstriped, the latter being associated with involuntary, the former with vol

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Abducts little toe.

Abductor minimi Outer tuberos., os First phalanx little Ext. plantar.

calcis and plantar toe.

Abductor polli-Trapezium. cis.

First phalanx of Median.

Draws thumb from median line

Abductor polli- Inner tuberos., os First phalanx great Int plantar.


Abducts great toe.

Ejects urine.

Accelerator uri- Central tendon of Bulb, spongy and Perinæal.

perinæum and me. cavernous part of
dian raphe. penis.


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Adductor mag- Rami of pubes and All linea aspera of Obturatorand great Adducts thigh and ischium. femur. sciatic.

rotates it outward.


Adductor polli- 3d metacarpal. cis.

First phalanx of Ulnar.

Draws thumb to median line

Adductor polli-Tarsal ends 3 mid- Base first phalanx Ext. plantar. cis.

dle metatarsal. of great toe.

Adducts great toe.

Anconeus. Back ofext. condyle Olecranon and shaft Musculo-spiral. Extends forearm. of humerus.

of ulna. Aryteno- epiglot- Arytenoid (anteri- Epiglottis. Recurrent laryn- Compresses saccule tideus inferior. orly).


of larynx.

Aryteno- epiglot-Apex of arytenoid. Aryteno-epiglot- Recurrent laryn-Constricts aperture tideus superior.

tidean folds.

of larynx. Arytenoideus. Post. and outer bor- Back of other aryte. Sup, and recurrent Closes back part of der of one aryte- noid


glottis. noid.

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Biceps (2 heads). 1. Long Glenoid Tuberosity of Musculo.cutane- Flexes and supi. cavity. 2. Short-radius.

nates forearm. Coracoid process. Biceps (2 heads). 1. Ischial tuberos. Head of fibula. Great sciatic. Flexes and rotates ity. 2. Linea as

leg outward. pera.


Biventer cervi. Transv. processes, Sup. curved line of Portion of com- Retracts and cis. 2-4 upper dorsal. occipital.


tates head. rachiali anti- Lower shaft Coronoid proc. of usculo-cutane- Flexes forearm. cus. of humerus. ulna.

ous, musculo-spi-


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Cervicalis ascen- Angles of 5 upper Transverse pro- Branches of cervi- Keeps neck erect.

cesses of 4th, 5th cal.
and 6th cervical.

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Crico- arytenoi- Side of cricoid. Angle and ext. sur- Recurrent laryn-Closes glottis. deus lateralis.

face of arytenoid. geal. Crico - arytenoi- Back of cricoid. Base of arytenoid. Recurrent laryn - Opens glottis. deus posticus.

geal. Crico-thyroid. Cricoid cartilage. Thyroid cartilage Sup. laryngeal. Tenses vocal cords.

(lower inner bor-

Constrictor (in- Cricoid and thyroid Pharyngeal raphe. Glosso-pharyngeal, Contracts pharyn.

pharyngeal plexus geal caliber.
and external laryn-

geal. Constrictor(mid-Cornua of hyoid Pharyngeal raphè. Glosso - pharyngeal Contracts pharyndle). and stylo-hyoid

and glosso-pha- geal caliber. ligament.

ryngeal plexus. Constrictor (su-Int. pterygoid plate, Pharyngeal raphè. Glosso-pharyngeal Contracts caliber of perior). Pterygo-max, lig.,

and pharyngeal pharynx. ja w and side of

plexus. tongue. Coraco - brachi-Coracoid process Inside shaft of hu- Musculo-cutaneous Draws arm forward alis. of scapula.

and inward. Corrugator su- Superciliary ridge. Orbicularis palpe- Facial.

Draws eyebrow percilii. brarum.

down and in.


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Clavicle, acromion Shaft of humerus. Sub-scapular.

Rotates humerus inward.


and spine of scapu-

Depresses angle of



Depressor anguli Ext. obl. line inf. Angle of mouth. Facial.

maxillary. Depressor alæ Incisive fossa sup. Septum and ala of Facial. nasi,


Contracts nostril.



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Dilates nostril.

Dilator naris Nasal notch sup. Skin at margin of Facial. posterior. maxillary.


Abduct fingers from median line.

Abduct toes.

Dorsal interos- Sides metacarpal. Bases of phalanges. Ulnar.

sei, 4.
Dorsal interos- Sides metatarsals. Base ist phalanx Ext. plantar.

corresponding toe.
Erector penis. Ischial tuberosity, Crus penis. Perinæal.

crus penis and pu-
bic ramus.

To maintain erection.

Erector spinæ. liac crest, back of Divides into sacro-lumbalis and longissimus dorsi.

sacrum, lumbar
and three lower

dorsal spines.
Extensor brevis Os calcis, external- ist phalanx great Ant. tibial.

Extends toes. digitorum. ly.

toe and tendons of

extensor longus. Extensor carpi Ext. condyloid Base 3d metacarpal. Post. interosseus. Extends wrist. radialis brevior. ridge of humerus. Extensor carpi Lower ext. con- Base 2d metacarpal Musculo-spiral. Extends wrist. radialis longior., dyloid ridge of hu


Extends wrist.

Extends coccyx.

Extensor carpi Ext. condyle of hu- Base 5th metacar- Post. interosseus.

Extensor coccy- Last bone ofsacrum Lower part of coc-Sacral branches.

or first of coccyx. сух. Extensor com- Exter condyle of All 2d and 3d pha- Post. interosseus. munis digito- humerus.

langes. rum.

Extends fingers.

Extensor indicis. Back of ulna.

ad and 3d phalanges Post. interosseus.

Extends index.

Extensor longus Outer tuberosity of ad and 3d phalanges Ant. tibial. digitorum. tibia and shaft of of toes.

Extends toes.


Extensor minimi External condyle of ad and 3d phalanges Post, interosseus.

little finger.
Extensor primi Back of radius. Base ist phalanx of Post. interosseus.
internodii pol-

thumb. licis.

Extensor of little
Extends thumb.

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