« PreviousContinue »
Τ Η Ε
1. Paragraph THE Nature 1. 50,51, $2. The Eletion of
1 of Govern * Magistrates and Kings, prov'd ment in General both from to be in the People: But more God and Man.
particular in Great Britain, 1.6. An Account of the Bri- before and fince the Conquest.
tish Government, and of the 1.53. The Family of Stuarts Rights and Priviledges of the from an Illegitimate Line, People, in the Time of the settled by an Ad of Parlia
Saxons, and since the Conquest ment in Scotland. . ., 1.7. It aly, Germany, Switzer- 1. 54. The Right of the People
land, England, and the Jews, and Parliament of Britaiu to have been under divers Forms resist and depose, their Kings of Government.
· for Evil Government ; prov'd 1.8, to 17. included. T. 19,21. from King Henry's Charter,
to 38. included. True Max. and from an Act of the 12th ims of Government.
of Richard the Second, and 9. 18. The Power of the Crown by many Examples. only a Trust.
f. 55, 56, 57. The Power of 1. 20. Britnin a mixed limited our Parliaments, by the 25th Monarchy.
and 28th of Henry the VIIIth, 1. 39 to 46. included., De- ,' and by the 13th of Elizabet).
scribing the Government 1: 58. By a Law, An. 787. which God ordained over the Kings were to be elected by Children of Israel..
the Parliament, or States. T. 46, 47. The Fundamental 1. 59. Wilian the First was adRight of all Nations asserted mitted, upon Conditions, by in the Choice of their Go- the People... vernors, or Forms of Go- f. 60, 61. The Law fuperior vernment.
to the King, from Braxton, T. 48. Cæfar and Tacitus's De- a famous Lawyer in Henry
Description of the Liberty the Third's Reign... and Customs of the Ancient 9. 62. The Power of the King, Britains, that they had no by the Laws of Edward the Monarchs, but Councils and Confesor. .. . Magistrates. .. . 1.63. William Rufus, Henry the 1.49. Monsieur Mezeyay's Ac- First, and Stephen, were cho
count of the Mannors of the sen by the People; and Hen-
William, callid the Conqueror,
Henry the Fint, and Stepben. ing a Papist, from the Thirone, 9.66. The Original Compact f. 84, 85. All Government, * with our Kings.
Authority, and Magistracy 1. 67. Succellion' gives no proceeds from the People, and
Right to Kings, but according they have Authority to dif
to the Original Compact. poffess them, or alter the Suo1. 68. The Excommunication ceffion upon very urgent and Curfe, made by King Causes, of which sume ScripHenry the Third, the Nobi- ture Instances. lity, &c. upon all the In- 4.86. to 10l. included. Above
tringers of Magna Charta. . Fifty Kings, and Nine Empe9. 69. Magna Charia only an rors, deprived for their Evil
Abridgment of our ancient Government, in France, Spain, Laws and Customs.
Holland, Portugal, Denmark, 4. 70, 71, 72. The Nobility Poland, Rome, Germany, Scot.. and Parliament of England, land, and England.
assert the Laws and Liberties. 9. 102. to 108. included. All of England,
Magistrates and Governors 1. 73. King Jmes's Speech 4.. proceed from the People, by ; D. 1609. declaring the Obli- : many Examples of Scripture. gation of a King.
. 109, 110, 111. Reasons for 9. 74, 75. The common Right Resistance.'
of the Subjet, declared by 1.112. The Duty of all Magiseveral ancient Lawyers.' ftrates, from Scripture and 1. 76, 77, 79, 80. Our Kings, Reason. and their Power from the 9.113. St. Chrysostom's ExpofiLaws, declared by several fac tion on the 13th of Romans, mous Lawyers, and by several Pindar, Orpheus, Plato, AristoAds of Parliament,
tle and Cicero, their Descrip1.78. Six Judges, with the tion of just Government, and King's Serjeant at Law, and, of Obedience to the Laws. one of the King's Council 9. 114. No absolute Authority at Law, were condemn'd by allow'd by Scripture. Parliament, and executed for 9. 115. The Laws were made giving their Opinions cun- by the People, in the Reign of trary tu Law, in Richard the Darius. . second's Time.
7. 06. to 123. included. Rea1.81. King Henry the VIIIth fons against abfolute Passive acknowledged the Power of Obedience.
the Parliament. .. 1.124. The Bishops refuse to 9.82. The Judges of the Land, disown to King James, their
not to obey the King contrary, inviting over the Prince of . to Law, under the Penalty of . Orange. Treason.
9. 125. The Arch-Bishop of .-9.83. The Rights and Liber- Canterbury, and eight Bishops,
ties of the Subje& from the present King James ten Arti-
Sagn an Abhorrence of the P. of the City, to the Prince, of Orange's intended Invasion. Dec. 20. 1688. 1. 127. The Prince of Orange's f. 136 to 140. included. About
Speech to the Gentry of Somer fixty Peers sign an Associati. setfhire and Dowfetshire.
on to the Prince. Fifty four 1. 128. The Bishop of Canter- Lords Spiritual and Tempo." buty went to the Tower, and ral, made an Order, Dec. the ', demanded the Keys of the 22th, for 'Squire Gwin to fign
Lieutenant, and delivered such 'Orders as they fhould, them to the Lord Lucas. . from time to time, make. On T. 129. Prince George of Den the 23d of Dec. K. Jancs went mark, Duke of Grafton, Duke from Rochester. The Address of of Ormond, Lord Churchil, &c. the aforesaid Peers to the P. went over to the Prince at of Orange, on the 25th of Dec. Sherborn Castle
On the oth of Jan. following, 1. 130. The Princess Ann, (our about thirty Lords, and do * most gracious and good · Gentlemen of Scotland signed
Queen ) with the Lady Clour- a Paper to the fame Purpose. chil, Lady Berkley, and the f. 141, 142, 143.The Convention Bishop of London, went to der'd the Thanks of both Houthe Forces in the North, who ses should be returned to his declared for the Prince of Highness, in the behalf of the Orange. The Declaration of whole Nation, &c. and orthirty Lords "Spiritual and der'd a Day of Thauksgiving Temporal, which they made for the great Deliverance, &c. at Guild-Hall, Dec. 11. 1688. On the 28th of Jan, the Comtogether with their Names, mons voted the Throne van which they sent to the Prince cant; and on the oth the Lords of Orange.
consented to the said Vote. 4. 131. The Address of the f. 144. The Word Abdicated
Lieutenancy of London to the explain'd.
Prince, Dec. 11th, 1688. 9. 145, 146. The Lords Spiritu4. 132. The Lord Mayor, Al al and Temporal, and Com
dermen, and Common-Coun mons, order'd the Prince and
cil's Address to the Prince. Princess of Orange to be pro9. 133. Ten of the Privy-Coun claim'd King and Queen.
cil and Peers made an Order f. 147. The Declaration of the on the 14th of Dec. 1688, for Nobility, and Gentry, and all Iris Soldiers to deliver up Commonalty at Nottingbam.. their Arms.
ç. 148. Our Bishops, Clergy, .134,135. The Duke of Grafton, Nobility, &c. are damnd, by Order of the Lords, went who had a Hand in the Rewith a Regiment of Foot on volution, according to the the 14th of Dec. to take Til- Doctrine of Pasive Obedience. bury Fort, from K. James's f. 549. The Do&trine of Jure Irish Soldiers. On the 17th, Divino, never heard of 'till K. James discharged 3 Popis Frines the First's Reign. Bishop out of Newgate. Sir .. 150. No Absolute Paffive George Treby, Recorder of Obedience in the Time of the London's Speech in the Name Children of Israel, prov'd by
many Examples of their Re- Palive Obedience to be reviv'd in
any other Sense, is to suffer
ans, and others, refift their vention-Houses of Parliament
Emperors for their Tyranny. to be call's Rebels and Traitors.
and the executive Power in
Charles the First's Reign. contradicting the glorious
Germany resift their Einperors. 4. 182, to 185, included. The
Luther, Melankton, St. Chrysosta , and refuted.
our Cafe and that of the first
Esc. without any Observation
of His Declaration, and his
other false Affertion that the
Parliameut declared that they
THE - JUDGMENT
of Whole KINGDOMs and NATIONS, &c.
Overnment in general, as ordain'd and instituted by God, is circumscribed and limited by him to be exercised according to the Laws of Nature, in Subserviency to his own Glory, and the Benefit of
Mankind. All Rulers are confin'd by the Almighty and supreme Sovereign, to exert their governing Power for the promoting his Service and Honour, and to exercise their Authority for the Safety, Welfare, and Prosperity of those over whom they are established. Tho' there were no previous Compafts and Agreements between Princes and People as to these, yet Princes wou'd be oblig'd to observe 'em, forasmuch as they are settled and determined by the Law and Appointment of the divine Legislator, and of the universal Sovereign. Whosoever therefore refuseth to govern, in Subordination unto, and for Qod, and in order to the Protection and Benefit of the Community, ceaseth to answer the Finds unto which Magistracy was instituted,and for which re&oral Au:hority is established over, and among Mell. Nor is it in the Choice or Power of any Society, at their ere&ing the Forms of Government under which they are contented to live, and at their nominating the Persons to whom they commit the Right of administring Justice towards, and over themselves, and of withstanding and avenging Injuries offered them by others, to enlarge and extend the Power of those whom they constitute their Rulers, beyond the Limits and Boundaries by which God hath stated and confined Magistrates in the Charter of Nature md Revelation. Tho' People may both then, and afterwards abridge themselves, as they think meet, in things under their own Disposal, and either contract or enlarge the Ruler's Power, in reference to what they have a Right to retain or depart from, for the real or imagined Benefit of the Cuminunity; yet they can no ways interpose in the dispos sal of the Rights which belong unto God, and which he hath incommunicably reserved to himself; nor can they confer those measures and degrees of Authority upon those whom they elect and advance to Magiftracy, which God hath antecedently precluB