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the 14th June, Lecturer in Chirurgeon's Hall, Sir Nathaniel Herne being then Master;3 and, on the 29th July, Fellow of the College of Physicians. From this time we are constantly meeting with evidence, in the Correspondence, of the large assistance he received from his father, in the preparation of his lectures; which it seems gave very general satisfaction, and did him great credit, 4
In the following year Sir Thomas sustained a domestic affliction in the death of his daughter Mary, about twentyfour years of age. It may be supposed that she did not die under her father's roof, from the fact of her burial not occurring in the register of the parish in which he resided. My information is derived from Blomfield, who enumerates, among “the stones below the rails, in the church of St. Peter's, Norwich, one to the memory of Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Browne, Knt., 1676."5
In 1678, I find an instance of Browne's compliance with a custom very prevalent with authors in his day,—that of prefixing to their works recommendatory letters from persons of literary eminence. King's Vale Royal of Chester contains such a letter, signed Thomas Brown, and supposed to be Sir Thomas's. In the present year he addressed a brief note of cautious recommendation to Mr. John Browne, a surgeon residing at Norwich, who had published a work on Preternatural Tumours. This gentleman afterwards became surgeon to the King, to whom he paid his court, by publishing, in 1684, a book entitled, Adenochoiradelogia, or a Treatise of Glandules, and the Royal Gift of Healing them. In this work he relates a number of marvellous cases of cure: in one of which Sir Thomas makes rather a prominent figure. He was not living to contradict the story, or even to disclaim his participation in the Vulgar Error of believing in such royal miracles. We find from his letters that he was in the habit of giving medical certificates, to such as wished to be touched, that their cases were genuine. But this would involve no opinion as to the efficacy of the touch ;-and probably, in the present instance he only believed in that of the journey.
Through Marca Trevisana, and Lombardy, on both sides the Po, fc. fc. London, &c. 1685. (The British Museum copy has a reprint title, dated 1687.) But instead of arranging his various excursions, in this edition, according to the order of their dates, he most absurdly printed them just as they had stood in the former edition, adding, at the close of the volume, (to complete the confusion,) a tour which he had taken in 1664, four years before the earliest of the preceding journies.
As soon as these travels made their appearance, they were noticed with high commendation by the Royal Society in their Transactions, No. xciv, p. 6049, and No. cxxx, p. 707 (or 767?). They are also highly spoken of in the Introductory Discourse to Churchill's Voyages, written by, or under the direction of, Locke. They were translated into French; and are recommended by Du Fresnoy, Methode pour étudier l'Histoire, tom. iv, p. 328. The last edition was translated into Dutch, by Jacob Leeuwe Dirkx, and published in 4to. at Amsterdam in 1696. The arrangement was somewhat improved, by the translation of the commencement of the travels of 1668-9 to the beginning of the volume ; but the visit to Larissa still precedes, instead of following, those to the Mine Towns of Hungary and to Styria, &c. and the volume closes where it ought to have begun, with the Italian tour of 1664. The Dutch translator has incorporated a number of additions to the text of 1685-7 ;to mention but one ; he has asserted that Dr. B. saw a splendid procession which was annually held at Antwerp; of which he has taken occasion to give a very spirited and elaborate plate, hy Jan Luyken-the Callot of Holland. The plates which accompany this work are far superior to those of the English edition ; some are the same subjects, others original illustrations.
To complete this account of Dr. Edward Browne's works, must be added his translations of the life of Themistocles in 1683, and that of Sertorius in 1684, for that edition of Plutarch's Lives which was published in 5 vols. 8vo. 1683, &c. There is a work which has been confounded with Dr. Edward Browne's travels, under the following title :— The Travels and Adventures of Edward Brown, Esq. formerly a Merchant in London, fc. 8vo. London, 1739. It was reprinted in 2 vols. 12mo. in 1753 ; but without even the announcement, Second Edition.
3 See MS. Sloan. 1833, fol. 46.
6 The following is the story adverted to.—"Being in the society of many persons of quality I had this remarkable following observation from an eminent person of this strange cure. A nonconformist's child in Norfolk, being troubled with scrophulous swellings, the late deceased Sir Thomas Browne of Norwich being consulted about the same, his majesty being then at Breda or Bruges, he advised the parents of the child to have it carryed over to the King, (his own method being used ineffectually :) the father seemed very strange at his advice, and utterly denied it, saying the touch of the King was of no greater efficacy than any other man's. The mother of the child adhering to the doctor's advice, studied all imaginable means to have it over, and at last prevailed with her husband to let it change the air for three weeks or a month ; this being granted, the friends of the child that went with it, unknown to the father, carried it to Breda, where the King touched it
, and she returned home perfectly healed. The child being come to its father's house, and he finding so great an alteration, enquires how his daughter arrived at this health, the friends thereof assured him, that if he would not be angry with them, they would relate the whole truth ; they having his promise for the same, assured him they had the child to the King, to be touched, at Breda, whereby they apparently let him see the great benefit his child received thereby. Hereupon the father became so amazed, that he threw off his nonconformity, and exprest his thanks in this method ; * Farewell to all dissenters, and to all nonconformists: if God can put so much virtue into the King's hand as to heal my child, I'll serve that God and that King so long as I live with all thankfulness." Browne's ddenochoiradelogia, 3rd part, p. 187-9.
Nearly a century later, ihe avowal (or seeming avowal) of a belief in this kingly gift cost poor Carte the historian his annual subsidy from the chamber of London. See Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, vol. ii, p. 495, where is collected much curious information on the point. So general was the belief in Charles Il's reign, that no fewer than 92,107 persons are asserted by Browne, to have been “ touched" from 1660 to 1683. See Tables at the end of his work.
7 “Corresp. p. 159, 162."
In the same year he subscribed towards building a new library in Trinity College, Cambridge, at the instance of the masters and seniors of that College, who, in their letter 8 urged the following argument; “We doubt not but that God will bless the rest of your substance the better for what you shall conferr towards this; and we shall pray that he may, &c. &c.”
In the same MS. I also find the acknowledgement of £12 subscribed “towards the building of a new school in the Colledge near Winton,"— where his education commenced. Kennet 9 has preserved another instance of his public spirit; he contributed £ 130 to the repairs of Christ Church, Oxford.
It was probably about 1680 that Sir Thomas completed his Repertorium, or Account of the Tombs and Monuments in the Cathedral Church of Norwich, by continuing it up to the time. The basis of the work was a sketch hastily drawn up, 20 years previously, on the information of " an understanding singing man, 91 years old ;"1 not under the impulse of an antiquarian taste, (which he has himself informed us he did not possess,') but in order to preserve some remembrance of the many monumental antiquities, which blind and barbarous zeal had mutilated or destroyed. The reckless character of these ravages has been exhibited in a description made on the spot, and at the moment, by one who suffered, in his person, property, and health, from a lawless rabble,-perpetrating, in the sacred name of liberty, the most outrageous deeds of despotism. Bp. Hall, in his Hard Measure, has given a most touching account of the brutal treatment which he experienced from the republicans of his day,—treatment which acquired a deeper degradation and a fouler stain from the very elevation and purity of his own character: Browne attended him for many years, and even to his dying hour; a fact which the editor of the volume containing the account to which I advert,has noticed in these quaint and simple terms. “ After his prevailing infirmities had wasted all the strengths of nature, and the arts of his learned and excellent physician, D. Browne of Norwich, (to whom, under God, wę and the whole church are ingaged for many years preserving his life as a blessing to us,)-after his fatherly reception of many persons of honour, learning, and piety, who came to crave his dying prayers and benedictions,—he roused up his dying spirits, to a heavenly confession of his faith, which ere he could finish, his speech was taken from him, so that we cannot here insert it.” 4
8 " Preserved in the Bodleian Library, MS, Rawlinson. 391." 9 Kennet's Register, p. 345. 1 Corresp. p. 467. 2 Vol. iii, p. 452. 3 The Shaking of the Olive Tree. The Remaining Works of that incomparable prelate, Joseph Hall, D.D. late Lord Bishop of Norwich. With some Specialties of Divine Providence in his Life, noted by his own hand. Together with his Hard Measure, written also by himself, 4to. Lond. 1660. Curll, in publishing the Repertorium, has most appropriately though inaccurately prefixed the following quotation from this work, which (having omitted it in that place) I shall insert here, verbatim from Bp. Hall.
At the close of the same year Sir Thomas's daughter Elizabeth married Capt. George Lyttleton, the 12th and youngest son of Sir Thomas Lyttleton, Bart. afterwards major in Prince George of Denmark's regiment of dragoons; who died in 1717, at Windsor, in the 77th year of his age. This was probably thought a desirable alliance; but it deprived Sir Thomas of a daughter who had resided with him far longer than any other of his children, and of whom he has expressed himself in terms of very high commendation. She went to reside in the island of Guernsey, where the captain then had some military employment.
“It is no other then tragical to relate the carriage of that furious sacriledge, whereof our eyes and ears were the sad witnesses under the authority and presence of Linsey, Tofts the sheriffe, and Greenwood; Lord, what work was here, what clattering of glasses, what beating down of walls, what tearing up of monuments, what pulling down of seates, what wresting out of irons and brass from the windows and graves, what defacing of armes, what demolishing of curious stone-work, that had not any representation in the world, but only of the cost of the founder, and skill of the mason, what toting and piping upon the destroyed organ pipes, and what a hideous triumph on the market day before all the countrey, when in a kind of sacrilegious and profane procession, all the organ pipes, vestments, both copes and surplices, together with the leaden crosse, which had been newly sawne downe from over the greenyard pulpit, and the service books and singing books that could be had, were carried to the fire in the publick market place; a leud wretch walking before the train, in his cope trailing in the dirt, with a service book in his hand imitating in an impious scorne the tune, and usurping the words of the letany used formerly in the church : neer the publick crosse, all these monuments of idolatry must be sacrificed to the fire, not without much ostentation of a zealous joy in discharging ordinance to the cost of some who professed how much they had longed to see that day. Neither was it any newes upon this guild-day to have the cathedrall now open on all sides to be filled with muskatiers, wayting for the majors returne, drinking and tobacconing as freely as if it had turne'd alehouse.” The Shaking of the Olive Tree, &c. p. 63.
* From the following certificate, (which I find in MS. Sloan. 1848, fol. 166,) it would appear that he also attended a successor of Bishop Hall's, Anthony Sparrow, D.D. translated to the See of Norwich, in 1676: on what occasion the certificate was required, I have not been able to ascertain ; and I insert it, on the bare possibility that it may be of some interest to some one engaged in hunting for incidents, however minute, in the life of that Bishop. It was probably drawn up but a short time before Sir Thomas's death :—"By these wee humbly certifie, that the Right Reverend father in God, Anthonie L. Bishop of Norwich, hath been for divers yeares afflicted with the dysurie, acrimony of urine, and paynfull diseases of the bladder and urinary parts, so that hee hath not been able to make use of horse or coach without great payne and torture presently ensuing; and therefore wee do not apprehend how his lordship can performe a long journey, or as farre as London; and is hee should undertake it, would in all probability bring such affliction and paynes, and ill symptomes upon him, that it might endanger his life, or at least shorten his dayes.”
Sir Thomas had now the satisfaction of seeing his son Edward daily adding to his honours, his connexions, and his practice. In 1678 he had been chosen Censor of the College of Physicians; an office which he again filled in 1685 and 1686. In 1680 he attended the dying illness of the celebrated Earl of Rochester, at Woodstock Park: as well as that of the Marquis of Dorchester, a patron and amateur of the medical profession, and a Fellow of the College of Physicians; who had long been his great friend ; to whom he had dedicated his first travels in 1672; and with whom he had sufficient influence to prevail on his lordship to bequeath his library to the college. We also find among Dr. Browne's patients, the Duke of Richmond, the Earl of Aylesbury, Sir Joseph Williamson, &c. In February, 1682, he was engaged to translate the life of Themistocles, for an edition of Plutarch's Lives, of which the first volume was published in 1683; and for the second of which, in the following year, he translated that of Sertorius. In this occupation, also, he enjoyed the advantage of his father's assistance; the sheets being successively transmitted to Norwich for revision. On the 7th of September, 1682, he was appointed, by the express recommendation of his royal master, Physician to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, on the death of Sir John Micklethwayte. He entered upon the duties of this office with characteristick diligence, and, as it appears, in his accustomed reliance upon the aid of his father; to whom, on the 3rd of Oct., he addressed the last letter which has come down to us; communicating some particulars relative to the appointment, and requesting his advice as to the hospital practice. Ever prompt as Sir Thomas was to comply with such applications, especially from his son, it may be doubted whether he was permitted to do so in the present instance :--for on the 19th