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ing met with a ship bounde for London, and the winde was then goode, since which time it hath turned and continued most at west. It now beginneth to freeze, so as that I hope it will soone be easterly again, for I am loath to travell any farther by lande. In my last I wrote you something of Magdeburg from whence I came hither in four dayes time through a countrey most of it barren; little accommodation, nor any thing worth the seeing ; first through the Electour of Brandenburg's countrey, and then through the Prince of Luneberg's. There are sometimes rowes of stones as in the Danish antiquities, and in one place I tooke more particular notice of them where three great stones were in the middle incompassed in a longe square by other large stones set up an end. Here, at Hamburg, I have met with divers courteous understanding persons, as Mr. Griffin, the minister, a good scholler and preacher, and hath been particularly obliging to me; as also Mr. Free, the treasurer, he tells me that he was this last summer at Norwich; Mr. Bankes, who hath travelled in divers parts of Turchja, as through Natolia and the Holy Lande; and Mr. Catlin and his partner, Mr. Tounly, who are so civill as to offer to furnish me with money, but I hope my stay will not be so longe as to want any. The English have great priviledges here, and a riche trade; there are ships come laden hither with cloath to the valew of an hundred thousand pounds sterling in a ship. Here is one Mr. Jenkinson, a merchant, who hath given me a letter to you, sir, but I am to deliver it to your owne hands. Hamburg is one of the greatest townes in Germany; fortified a la moderna. The churches are many of them faire, with high steeples covered with copper; the front of St. Katharine is beautifull. They have sermons every day as in all Lutheran countries. I lodge at the signe of the City of Lubeck. I am in some hopes of hearing from you here, sir, especially if you received a letter from me, sir, from Prague, in which was something concerning the mine of Gottenburg, in Bohemia. I heare here that the Lord Bishop of Norwich is deade, and that Mr. Skottow hath left the towne. I should be glad to finde the rest of my friends in health and prosperity, to whom my service. My duty to my most dear mother, and love to my sisters. I have read here a little booke in High Dutch, translated out of English, of the three great impostures of this age. Padre Ottomanno, whom I have seen, he himselfe cannot be much guilty of the cheats. John Michael de Cigala, the description of whose life, in French, I read at Larissa, in Thessaly, but it was laughed at there, and one Sigr. Georgio, an interpreter, told me that he was a Greeke, he is set downe a Wallachian. And of the third I have heard Turkish songes; but I have no more roome at present onely to present my duty.

Your obedient sonne,


For my honoured father, Dr. Browne, at his house in

Norwich. Leave this with Ms Anne Browne, at
Esqre Barker his house, neare to New Prison, in
Clarkenwell, London.

Dr. Edward Browne to his Father.

(Ms. SLOAN. 3418.]

Retzbütell, or Cookes-haven, Dec. 15, st. vet. 1669.


I hoped to have been at Norwich before this; but contrary windes have hindered our voyage. I left Hamburg the tenth of this month ; which day I wrote to you my last letter from thence, the dayes being at the shortest, and the night darke in the new of the moone. The tide falling also in the day time, we were able the first daye to sayle no farther than to Stadt, belonging to the king of Sweden, five miles from Hamburg, where the ships which come up the river pay custome. Decemb. 11, we sayled by Gluckstat, the king of Denmarks. The castle, the kings palace, and the church, show handsomely upon the river. We anchored this night before the mouth of the Ost, a river which falleth into the Elbe out of Bremertland, a mile below Brunsbütell, on the other side of the water. December 12, we lost sight of the northern shoare, passed Cookes haven, in full hopes to be able to put to sea that night, but were

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becalmed about three in the afternoon, a league and an halfe below it, where we were forced to anchor again, lest that the stronge ebbe should set us on grounde. So we lay that night between the Dick, or thick sande, on the north, and newwerch, on the south, right over against a light house. Decemb. 13, the winde turning westerly, and blowing harde, we returned to Cooke haven, where our ship now is at anchor, Yesterday I came on shoare, and went up the lande to the fort here, belonging to the towne of Hamburg. It is a high square worke, with a double ditch. Some vessells come up to the fort; but the ditch which comes thither from out of the Elbe is drye at low water. The towne is called Retzbütell: here are some other vessells driven in with us also. God send us well out, that I may once again come to you, sir. In the mean time I have sent this to Mr. Catlyn, to sende to you. My duty to my most dear mother, and love to my sisters.

Your most obedient sonne,


These for my honourd father, Dr. Browne, at his

house in Norwich.

Dr. E. Browne, after his travels, settled in London. From the directions of his father's letters, we gather that he changed his residence several times before 1673. In that year he was tempted to another short visit to the Continent, which is described in his travels, fol. 1686, at p. 180. July 29, 1675, he was elected a Fellow of the College of Physicians, and lectured in that and several succeeding years. He was first chosen censor in 1678. From 1675, throughout the whole of his father's life, he resided in Salisbary.court, Fleet-street. During the long period of his practice in London he was in constant correspondence with his father; from whom it is quite evident he derived much of the materials of his lectures, and great assistance in all his engagements, both literary and professional. He appeared to bave had considerable practice among the higher ranks, both in London and in the country. He attended the celebrated Earl of Rochester in his dying illness, at Woodstock Park. Some of Sir Thomas's letters have been omitted, and several are considerably abridged, especially those which are strictly professional, and such as contain passages for his son's lectures.

Dr. Browne to his son Edward.

(Ms. SLOAN. 1847.]


Mr. Burwell hath held out tolerably this journey. Hee being some dayes at leasure, I gave him pills and an electuary. I writ in my last about an addition of the baths of Villach, butt I beleeve too late, so you may do what you please; the Transactions of May beeing probably printed alreadie. Now, at leasurable times, you must thinck of historicall and narrative observations concerning your last travayles, you may sett downe maney wch may be acceptable, and your letters will afford many beside, such as you have not sett downe, and particular passages will be pleasing and somewhat instructive, and the draught of things wch Betty drewe will help much; I may give you hints of some. God

Your loving father,

THO. BROWNE. June viij, [1670.]

blesse you.

5 The following communications from Dr. Edward Browne appeared in the Philosophical Transactions :

Of two parhelias, or mock suns, seen in Hungary, Jan 30, 1668: vol. iv, p. 953, published May 10, 1669.

On the damps in the mines of Hungary: iv, 965, June 21, 1669.

Relation of the quicksilver mines of Friuli.-- Account of the Zirchnitzer sea in Carniola : iv, 1080, Dec. 13, 1669.

Account of the copper mine of Hern Grund, in Hungary, as also of the stone quarries and Talc rocks in Hungary: v, 1042, May 23, 1670.

On the mines, minerals, baths, &c., in Hungary: v, 1189, April 25, 1670.
Queries and answers concerning the Zirchnitz sea : ix, 194, Dec. 14, 1674.

I only mention these things now because your friends thinck you should, though not suddenly, sett them downe, and not lett all passe in silence concerning countries travaylled by so fewe.

For Dr. Edward Browne, at his lodging in the back

street over against the Royall Oake, in Hatton Garden, London.

Dr. Browne to his son Edward.


I writ unto you last Monday, and I have litle now to say; only I have half an howers time, wch opportunity I would not lett passe, this being the post day. Mr. Deane, after a languishing sicknesse of about two yeares, left this world early on Thursday morning. He voyded for a long time many small stones, much gravell, and often, of late, much blood, and together with the very parenchyma of his left kidney. Hee held out much longer then could be expected, and so was emaciated to a sceleton, which expyring condition gave opportunitie to very many to make for his place, and more than ever I remember for that dignity. I wish our honest friend, Dr. Hawkins, might bee the man. Dr. Burton wee say heere could not be admitted, as yet to yong. The deane died a good Christian, and like a clergieman of old, leaving not much more then what may pay all the world and serve for his burial, which is this evening. Hee gave mee his chariott and harnesse. Hee found much good in drincking the clarified juices of urtica and plantago in milk, for his bleeding, sweeten with syrup or cons. of red roses and the like. You showed mee a litle draught of the crowne of Hungarie, different from other crownes, and wee could not tell how to drawe it distinctly as you discribed it. I read last weeke about it, and what a venerable and sacred opinion the Hungarians have of it, as sent from heaven by an angel; and

6 Dean Crofts died July 27, 1670, and was succeeded by Herbert Ashley, Sep. 2, 1670.


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