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Agricultural and Rural Book. Publishers, 41 PARK ROW, NEW YORK,


PEAT AND ITS USES. By Prof. S. W. JOHNSON, of Yale College. Part I.

Origin, Varieties, and Chemical Character of Peat. Part II. On the Agricultural Uses of Peat

and Swamp Muck. Part III. On Peat as Fuel. QUINBY'S MYSTERIES OF BEE-KEEPING. (Entirely rewritten.) By

M. Quinby. This book is the result of thirty-five years' practical experience. 12mo., 348 pp.,

$1 50. BRECK'S NEW BOOK OF FLOWERS. Fully Illustrated. By Joseph BRECK,

Practical Horticulturist. 12mo., 480 pp., $1 75. RIVERS' MINIATURE FRUIT GARDEN, Illustrated. By Thomas RIVERS,

First American, from the thirteenth English edition. 12m0., 132 pp., $1. MY VINEYARD AT LAKEVIEW; or, Successful Grape Culture. By

A WESTERN Grape Grower. 12mo., 143 pp., bevelled boards, $1 25. SAUNDERS' DOMESTIC POULTRY. Revised and enlarged. By Simon M.

SAUNDERS. Fully Illustrated. 12mo., 168 pp., paper 40 cents; cloth, 75.


dener of New Jersey. SMALL FRUIT CULTURIST. By ANDREW S. FULLER, author of "Grape

Culturist,” and “Strawberry Culturist.” PRACTICAL AND SCIENTIFIC GARDENING. By William N. WHITE,

of Athens, Ga., editor of the “Southern Cultivator," and author of “Gardening for the South."

All the above books will be thoroughly illustrated, and will prove standards in the various departments with which they are connected, as the authors are practical as well as scientific men, and understand the subjects which they write about.

0. J. & Co. publish about one hundred books on Agricultural and Rural subjects, and will be adding to the number from time to time. LIBERAL DISCOUNTS will be made to the Trade, from whom Orders are solicited.


41 Park Row, New York.

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JAN. 15, 1867.


Fahis, November 24, 1866.

This country really seems to be the own land of literary frauds. Another of thein has been discovered which has roused a good deal of ill blood, and seems likely to spill some before it is forgotten. Some time since a M. Debriges, being hard pressed for nionej-, applied for assistance to M. Louis Jourdain, an editor of "LeSiecle." The latter had neither gold nor silver, but he engaged M. Debriges to make a book, and suggested the Chevalier d'Eon as a salable subject. M. Debriges picked up an old work entitled " Les Memoires du Chevalier d'Eon," published in 1836 by M. Gaillardet, and nsed his scissors with untiring energy. M. Louis Jourdain signed the book as author, and M. Dentu published it. A short time since M. Gaillardet wished to bring out a new edition of "Les Memoires du Chevalier d'Eon." When he presented it to a publisher, he was told it was only a reprint of M. Debriges's " L'Hermaphrodite." He examined the latter, and found it was composed almost entirely of his work copied literally. He thereupon brought suit. MM. Jourdain and Debriges attempted to persuade him to abandon his action by making the explanations I have given you, and M. Debriges added that he thought the copyright of M. Gaillardet's book bad expired. M. Gaillardet refused to accept the explanations, and has written some harsh cards in the public prints. He has extraordinary fortune as an author. He had something to do—what his share was never clearly appeared—with writing "La Tourde Nesle." He had to bring a suit against M. Alex. Dumas to secure the appearance of his name on the play-bills and on the printed book as an author of the piece. This suit led to a duel between him and M. Alex. Dumas. When M. Dumas published his memoirs, M. Gaillardet attacked him for the history he gave of " La Tour de Nesle." Now he is attacking Messrs. Jourdain and Debriges. He is an author never heard of by his works, but known by his law-suits. His name is familiar to many of your readers by his career as editor of "Le Courrierdes Etats Unis," the able organ of French interests in the Dnited States. M. De Lamartine's work on "de Balzac" is likewise looked on as a literary scandal. It is made almost entirely of extracts from de Balzac's works. It is something even worse than his "Life of Byron," and is almost as bad as his " History of Russia," which was cut out of M. Schnitzler'a " History of Russia," or his work on the "Beauties of Job," which appeared in " Le Biecle." This newspaper gave him 20 sous a line. To make as many lines as possible, he put into the work the whole book of Job, and little else— just sauce enough to " bind" the ingredients of the dish together. M. Alex. Dumas uses scissors so unreservedly he can find nobody to buy his "copy," which is perhaps the reason be is going to revive his old " Monsquetaire" in a week or ten days. The history of the books M. Alex. Dumas signed, and yet was not their author, is a very curious chapter of literary history. Had I space, 1 would write it here.

M. Alex. Dumas, Jr., is just now at M. Autran's residence, the Chateau de la Malle, near Marseilles. A. de Pontmartin is likewise M. Autran's guest. M. Dumas read to them his new play, " Les Id£es de Mme. Aubray." M. de Pontmartin says of it: "I am still agitated by this new piece. It carried me completely away; it seems tome his most original, loftiest, and most eloquent work." The manager of the French comedy wished to persuade him to give it at the latter theatre. M. Dumas refused.

M. Edmond About is writing a novel in the "Revue des Deux Mondes." The second part rather disappoints the public.

The appearance of the nnpublished correspondence of Heinrich Heine (which is extremely interesting, and leads us to hope great pleasure from his Memoirs, which lie in MS. in his family's hands) has led one of our newspapers to give this portrait of him: "I personally knew Heinrich Heine only by the screams wrung from him during the last weeks of his existence by the pains which chained him to bed. These screams were heard through the wall of his lodgings and reached mine, wuic.h were above his. In consequence of the internal I arrangement of our lodgings I could see Heinrich Heine's bedchamber from one of my windows. His window was almost always open, as the oppressed lungs of the poet needed a great circulation of air. I more than once saw his broad and massive head, pale and haggard,but still energetic; and the invalid's undress revealed his enormous neck and his immense breast. In this posture of a man half reclining, half seated, Heinrich Heine constantly wrote, and interrupted his labor solely to scream, or scold the persons who affectionately and constantly watched over him, or to talk with visitors. His conversation was lively and harsh; the tone of his voice was never amiable, nor very friendly. There was something abrupt in it. It was not merely the German accent which produced this abruptness, as some persons were disposed to think; it was the natural temperament of the writer which revealed itself in a state of continual explosion in these cou| versations."

Here is a sketch of M. Vacquerie, who has been j called the mooushine of M. Victor Hugo: "I had never seen Vacquerie; no portrait of him had ever come into my hands. I expected to see an unpolished poet, with dishevelled hair. When I was shown into his study, I could not repress astonishment. He lives in the Rue de Verueuil, Faubourg St. Germain. Everybody who knows that quarter need not to be told the house he inhabits in no wise affects the stiff appearance of our new houses— barracks in white chokers. It is one of those old and solid houses which, if they sacrifice less to show, aie at least more comfortable than the chests of drawers called houses in our new quarters. Vacquerie's study is vast; its appearance is of rather icy severity. It was sombre, and a crepuscular light, deepened by the falling rain, entered with difficulty through the folds of the curtains. The hangings were of a dark color, and the furniture wore a severe look quite incompatible with the idea I had formed of Vacquerie. He entered and held out his hands to me; his study was explained. A head of an ascetio on the body of a Trappist appeared before me, with a face thin as the blade of a knife, hollow cheeks and eyes contrasting with the pale color of the face like two stones of jet. Vacquerie had no humbug about him. I asked him about the eternal "Tragaldabas," which nobody knows and with whose name everybody is familiar. Why don't you publish it ?" Because I have a revenge to take. Be sure 'Tragaldabas' will one of these days be played again."

He went on to tell me several theatre managers had asked him to allow them to play it. He has refused, in the first place, because he wishes to rewrite an act which he formerly modified at the suggestion of Frederick Lemaitre; next, he wishes an actor, and there is but one in Paris who can play the part. This actor will not be free for two years to come. Vacquerie told me he was three years writing his new play "Le Fils," which he wrote at once from beginning to end; then he revised it again and again, until at last the definitive manuscript did not contain ten lines of the first. He is writing a book entitled " Life."

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M. Villemain's health is slowly improving. He is aNe to go out, and really looks wonderfully well preserved for a man of his age. He is of low stature, and has the head and shoulders of a hunchback, lipt I believe the stoop is due solely to his student's life, bent continually over books. His veteran colleague in the French Academy, Count de Segur, is t-orrecting the last sheets of his memoirs. Philippe l'inl, Count de Segur, was born in 1780, and is consequently 86 years old. He married, during the first Empire, Mile. Le Gendre de Lucay, daughter of one of Napoleon's chamberlains, and became widower in 1813. Candidates for the French Academy think academicians abuse their faculty ff longevity. Baron de Barante, Duke de Broglie, U. Ouizot, MM. Viennet, Lebrun, de Pongerville, and Villemain are all past 80. I am gratified to he able to say the health of Count de Montalembert and M. Ponsard is improving. A letter in a newspaper from Switzerland says: "I have Just visited the Chateau de Vincy, where a portion of M. de Lamartine's youth was spent. He composed there his most celebrated poems. It is said he was then passionately fond of writing poetry, and was fond of reciting it to everybody, and especially to the young girls of the chateau and the neighborhood. They commonly refused to listen to hira, telling him, 'You fatigue us to death with your poetry.' When he became celebrated, he avenged himself on them by sending presentation copies of the poems they had disdained, with an autograph recalling to the girls the date of their raillery." . . A young literary man recently called on M. Jules Janin. The latter showed him his admirable library, and, after telling what follies he had indulged to gratify his passion for books, ended by saying: "if you love books, observe these two rules: Buy no books except those you can lead, and bind no books except those you wish to keep." . . M. Taine says, in a recent article: "A great historian said to me one day: 'When I write a history, I prepare, in the first place, a table of all the events, the great as well as the small, with the verified dates—the dates not only of the years, but of the months and days; this is the longest and most minute part of my labor. Then I efface from my mind all current and preconceived opinions; 1 consider my dated facts; I see their connection; I feel the progress of events, and I write my book like a novel.' This is, really, the true method; a quantity of landmarks established with the scrupulous care of a Benedictine; then let imagination work freely, and on this divided and studied canvas place and make the characters act."

1 note, amoug tbe more recent publications, the Marchioness d'Andelarre's " Heures Choisies," a collection of prayers for all the requirements of life; the eighth volume of "Annals of the Observatory" W; Kd. Auger's "American Histories;" E. Blanehard's "Fresh Water Fishes of France:" E. Bougard's "lfibliotheca Borvionensis," containing a reprint of rare and curious pieces, and a critical catalogue of works and memoirs relating to Bourbonne and its baths; G. de Chenier's " Life of Marshal Davoust;" MM. Decharmeand Petit de Julerille's "Noteon the Manuscripts of Ancient Authors to be found in the Library of St. Johns Monastery in Patmos ;" J. P. Durand's (de Gros) "Essays on 1'hilosophical Physiology;" A. de Graeffe's "Clinique Ophthaluiologique," French edition, published with the author's assistance by Ed. Meyer; A. de U Fiieliere's " Vins a la Mode and Fashionable Restaurants of the Seventeenth Century;" Father C. Cahier's " Characteristics of Saints in Popular Art" (an explanation of the old pictures of saints, and the emblems, attributes, etc., which accompany

them); M. G. Sehram's " Principles of the Danish and Norwegian Language;" Ch. Deslys's " Le Roy d'Yvetot;" Leon Pagea's "Bibliographic Japonaise, or Catalogue of Books relative to Japan published since the Fifteenth Century;" E. Campardon's "Marie Antoinette in La Conciergerie;" Th. H. Martin, " The Ancients' Ideas about Tides," etc.; M. de Montrond's "Biographical and Literary Essay on Jasmin, the Agen Poet;" B. Pont's "History of the City of Caen;" Mario Uehard's"Une Dernieie Passion;" and Theo. Gautier has given us a very interesting " Visit to St. Petersburg." Nevertheless, I must say, take the literary world all in all, I never saw it so dull as it is just now. No great enterprises are on foot. Our authors give no sign. I hear little said about literature in conversation.

G. S.

KOTES OX BOOKS AND BOOKSELLERS, Uniform Trade Lists.—The following, from a correspondent, will speak for itself.

Minneapolis, Dec. 26,1868.

Sir; I am pleased to see that my idea of uniform trade lists has become a reality. Would it not be well to number each title on every page, so that books could be ordered by the No. f For instance, I could say, send me

3 No. l,p. 115, U. T. List.

6 " 10," " instead of

3 Agassiz's Methods of Studying Natural History.

6 Rev. Thos. Arnold's Life and Correspondence.

The " composition" would not cost any more, and if all the publishers will unite in having their lists published in the "U. T. L.," then all books could be ordered in this way, and the amount of writing that would be saved in the U. S. cannot easily be calculated. The figure 1 answers in the above case for 30 letters, and generally two or three thousand per cent, could be saved in the labor of writing, to ■ say nothing about the greater expedition with which an order could be made out, or the saving in expense, if sent by telegraph.

I do not send this to be published, because I have not time just now to write for the press, but hope you will give the publisher of the U. T. List a hint, if you think it worth while. Yours, respectfully,

Thomas Hals Williams.

P. S.—The titles in the "Catalogue of the Providence Athenaeum" are numbered in the way I wish, though there is no reason why the figures should be smaller in size than the letters of the line, in this case.

Mb. Henry S. Allen has become associated as acopartner with Mr. G. W. Carleton, New York, and the new firm has removed to No. 499 Broadway. Mr. Allen was formerly associated with Mr. W. H. Appleton, and has extended knowledge of the book business, and a most favorable position in the trade. A firm composed of two such worthy and popular gentlemen should be a success.

"Bibliographical Dictionary Of Books Relating To America."—The first part of Mr. Joseph Sabin's work under this title is now ready. Mr. Sabin informs us that nearly four years of labor have been spent in arranging and classifying the material which had accumulated on his hands in the course of fifteen years of research. In the department of " Americana" it is well known that lie is an authority, and tbe present list of titles will be found by the collectors of this class of works to be indispensable.

Messrs. Ticknor & Fields announce a new diamond edition of the complete works of CharlesDickens, modelled upon the style of tlie " Diamond Tennyson," lately issued by them. It will combine neatness with cheapness. The volumes will be issued monthly, commencing with the present month.

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of books upon onr table suggest the entire destruction which threatens American literary and publishing interests, unless some end can be put to foolish legislation. One of these volumes is "Waverley," the first of a set of the " VVaverley Novels" to be published by an Edinburgh house. The volume is printed in a beautifully clear though small type, upou nice paper; has an illustrated title-page, and is in every way a pleasant edition of these novels. The retail price of this book in England is sixpence ; in New York it is sold wholesale at the rate of fifteen cents per copy, retail at, perhaps, twenty-five cents. If made here, it could not be retailed for less than seventy-five cents. The other book is the first volume of an edition of "Shakspeare "—which should be completed in fifteen volumes, or thereabouts, as this one contains three plays—issued by Messrs. Bradbury, Evans & Co., of London. The little book, about the size of one's vest pocket, is exquisite in typography and creamy-tinted paper—as delightful a "ShakBpeare" as one need wish to read from. The English retail price of this is a shilling, and its wholesale price here probably about thirty cents, inasmuch as the New York dealers, to whom we elsewhere acknowledge its receipt, can afford to retail it at fifty cents. A cheapness of book-making which to us seems almost incredible is now established in England. Messrs. Macmillan & Co., for instance, publish "Shakspeare" complete, in handsome form, for two shillings and sixpence (62 cents). Mr. Murray, for half-a-crown (rather less than a dollar, with allowance for the premium in gold), publishes, in handsome shape, a complete "Byron." A Glasgow bouse sells the complete "Pilgrim's Progress," 255 32mo. pages of it. for twopence; or bound in cloth for fourpence; while to return to "Shakspeare," a complete edition is printed for a shilling; but its appearance is unpleasant.

It is painfully obvious to anybody who buys a book that in this country prices of this kind are impossible. The consequences are very perceptible. More and more English books are being sold in America. Most of those which bear Americau imprints are manufactured in England, Scotland, or Canada. Of all the handsome volumes prepared last year for sale during the holidays, aside from a few children's books, the only ones made in this country were Mr. Stevens's illustrations of "./Esop," Messrs. Ticknor and Fields's illustrated "Longfellow," " Lowell," and " Whittier," and Mr. Lossing's "Book of the Hudson." A more exact comparison between the book-making of the two countries cannot be made than by contrasting the Christmas number of the American and of the English "Publishers'Circular "—in each of which appear advertisements from all respectable publishers in their respective countries—the former containing 40 pages and illustrations from but one book, even that an English one; the latter having 214 pages, one-half of them filled with illustrations, of which but four are of American origin, and these very inferior to the English cuts surrounding them. Cambridge, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia all produce printing that will not suffer from comparison with the best work of Scotch and English printers; yet there is every prospect that we shall continue to get our books, as we do our literature, from abroad.

Though, in any case, the lower cost of labor abroad would have insured cheaper books than we could make, the excessive discrepancy is due to the distribution which Congress, with a wisdom peculiar to itself, has made of the taxes. Having turned a deaf ear to the cry from either side of the water for an international copyright, and thereby done what it may to banish honesty and stimulate piracy among publishers, and to extinguish American authorship utterly—a matter respecting which we have grouped some interesting facts among our Literariana—our legislators seem now to have addressed themselves with every prospect of success to destroy the publishers also. We have protested against the delusions of a tariff protective of home industries; but what is to be said of one which protects foreign manufacturers and renders the cost of the American fabric—that, too, one so unsafe to tamper with as literature—inevitably greater than the imported? Entirely unembarrassed, American publishers would have need of all their enterprise to compete successfully with tLeir rivals, with only the cost of importation against the latter; but with the present burdens of taxation, competition is hopeless and honest existence not easy. Few members of Congress—unless that body has declined lower than we are willing to believe—would consider that the amount of dollars and cents lost to the revenue by remitting the present taxes upon the various operations of book-making is worthy of comparison with the advantages of allowing American literature a chance for its life. Few would publicly connive at robbery in any other interest as unprincipled as that carried on in consequence of their inaction in the matter of the copyright. Unfortunately, very few care to devote much trouble to legislation that affords opportunity for neither pecuniary profit nor political capital ; and of the honest and perceptive few all, apparently—Mr. Sumner, for instance—are too deeply immersed in partisan squabbles to attempt redressing two crying evils which oppress our national literature.— Round Table, January 12.

Obituary.—Since the issue of our last number, Mr. John A. Dokoan, of this city, has departed this f life. He was a young man of fine intellectual gifts, and his volume of "Studies," which has passed to a third edition, indicates the possession of poetic abilities of a high order.

— The Rev. Dr. Edward Hincks, born in 1792, is reported as having died on December 3d. H« was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he so highly distinguished himself, that he obtained a Fellowship, after a severe competitive examination, before he was twenty-one. Entering the church, he early took a College living, in the North of Ireland, which he retained over forty-one years. Dr. Hincks was considered one of the best philologists in Europe. The" Athenreum" says : " His talent for deciphering texts in unknown characters and languages was wonderful. It was applied to the study of Egyptian hieroglyphics, and to the inscriptions in the cuneiform character found in Persepolis, Nineveh, and other parts of ancient Assyria. In this field especially he labored for years with great perseverance and success, having been the first to ascertain the numeral system, and the power and form of its signs by means of the inscriptions at Van. He was one of the chief restorers of Assyrian learning, throwing great light on the linguistic character and grammatical structure of the languages represented on the Assyrian monuments. Living in a remote country village, with very limited means at his command, he had to contend with great difficulties. In London, beside the British Museum, he would have accomplished more than he did."

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