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ers of them to be punished, Act 25. Parl. 11. K. Ja. VI. do condemn the monuments and dregs of bygone idolatry, as going to crosses, observing the festival days of saints, and such other superstitious and papistical rites, to the dishonour of God, contempt of true religion, and fostering of great error among the people; and ordains the users of them to be punished for the second faulo, as idolaters, A& 104. Parl. 7. K. Ja. VI.

Likeas many Acts of parliament are conceived for maintenance of God's true and Christian religion, and the purity thereof, in doctrine and facraments of the true church of God, the liberty and freedom thereof, in her national, fynodal

afsemblies, presbyteries, fessions, policy, discipline and juris: diction thereof; as that purity of religion, and liberty of the

church was used, profeffed, exercised, preached, and confefsed according to the reformation of religion in this realm. As for instance, the 99. Act, Parl. 7. Act 25. Parl. 1 1. Act 114. Parl. 1 2. Act 160. Parl. 13. of K. Ja. VI. ratified by the

4. Act of K. Cha. So that the 6. Act, Parl. 1. and 68. Act, Parl. 6. of K. Ja. VI. in the year of God 1579, declares the ministers of the blessed evangel, whom God of his mercy had raised up, or hereafter should raise, agreeing with them that then lived, in doctrine and administration of the sacraments; and the people that professed Christ, as he was then offered in the evangel, and doth communicate with the holy sacraments (as in the reformed kirks of this realm they were presently administrate) according to the Confession of Faith; to be the true and holy kirk of Christ Jesus within this realm. And decerns and declares all and sundry, who either gainsays the word of the evangel received and approved, as the heads of the Confession of Faith, professed in Parliament, in the year of God 1560, specified also in the first Parliament K. Ja, VI. and ratified in this present Parliament, more particularly do express; or that refuses the administration of the holy sacraments, as they were then ministrated: to be no members of the said kirk' within this realm, and true religion presently



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professed, so long as they keep themselves so divided from the society of Christ's body. And the subsequent Act 69. Parl. 6. of K. Ja. VI. 'declares, that there is no other face of kirk, nor other face of religion, than was presently at that time, by the favour of God, established within this realm: “ Which “ therefore is ever stiled God's true religion; Christ's true

religion, the true and Christian religion, and a perfect reli

gion; which, by manifold Acts of Parliament, all within this “ realm are bound to” profess, to subscribe the articles thereof, the Confession of Faith, to recant all doctrine and errors repugnant to any of the said articles, A& 4. and 9. Parl. 1. Act 45, 46, 47. Parl. 3. A& 71. Parl. 6. Act 106. Parl. 7.


11. Act 123. Parl. 1 2. Act 194. and 197. Parl. 14. of K. Ja. VI. And all magiftrates, sheriffs, &c. on the one part, are ordained to search, apprehend, and punish all contraveeners: for instance, A&t. 5. Parl. 1. Act 104. Parl. 7. Act 25. Parl. 11. K. Ja. VI. and that notwithstanding of the king's majesty's licences on the contrary, which are discharged, and declared to be of no force, in so far as they tend in any wise to the prejudice and hinder of the execution of the Acts of Parliament against papists and adversaries of true religion, Act 106. Parl. 7. K. Ja. VI. On the other part, in the 47. Aet Parl. 3. K. Ja. VI. it is declared and ordained, Seeing the caufe of God's true religion, and his highness's authority are so joined, as the hurt of the one is common to both; that none shall be reputed as loyal and faithful subjects to our sovereign lord, or his authority, but be punishable as rebellers and gainstanders of the same, who shall not give their confeffion, and make their profession of the said true religion: and that they who after defection shall give the confession of their faith of new, they shall promise to continue therein in time coming, to maintain our sovereign lord's authority, and at the uttermost of their power to fortify, affist and maintain the true preachers and professors of Christ's religion, against whatsoever enemies and gainstanders of the same; and namely, a

gainst all such, of whatsoever nation, estate or degree they be of, that have joined and bound themselves, or have assisted, or aflifts to set forward and execute the cruel decrees of the council of Trent, contrary to the true preachers and profefsors of the word of God. Which is repeated, word by word, in the articles of pacification at Perth, the 2 3d of February 1572, approved by Parliament the last of April 1573, ratified in Parliament 1587, and related A&t 123. Parl. 1 2. of K. Ja. VI. with this addition, “That they are bound to resist “ all treasonable uproars and hostilities raised against the true " religion, the king's majesty, and the true professors.”

Likeas, all lieges are bound to maintain the king's majesty's royal person and authority, the authority of Parliaments, without the which, neither any laws or lawful judicatories can be established, Act 130, and 131. Parl. 8. K. Ja. VI. and the subjects liberties, who ought only to live and be governed by the king's laws, the common laws of this realm allenarly, Act 4 8. Parl. 3. K. Ja. I. Act 19. Parl. 6. K. Ja. IV. repeated in the Act 131. Parl. 8. K. Ja. VI. Which if they be enovated and prejudged, “ the commission anent the union of “ the two kingdoms of Scotland and England, which is the “ sole act of the 17. Parl. of K. Ja. VI. declares,” Such confusion would ensue, as this realm could be no more a free monarchy: because, by the fundamental laws, antient privileges, offices and liberties of this kingdom, not only the princely authority of his majesty's royal descent hath been these many ages mapintained; but also the peoples security of their lands, livings, rights, offices, liberties and dignities, preserved. And therefore, for the preservation of the faid truc religion, laws and liberties of this kingdom, it is statute by the 8. Act, Parl. 1. repeated in the 99. Act, Parl. 7. ratified in the 23. Act, Parl. 11. and 114. A&, Parl. 12. of K. Ja. VI. and

4 Act, Parl. 1. of K. Char. I. That all kings and princes at their coronation, and reception of their princely authority, shall make their faithful promise of their solemn oath, in the Hh2


presence of the eternal God, that, enduring the whole time of their lives, they shall serve the same eternal God, to the uttermost of their power, according as he hath required in his most holy word, contained in the Old and new Testaments. And, according to the same word, shall maintain the true religion of Christ Jesus, the preaching of his holy word, the due and right ministration of the facraments, now received and preached within this realm (according to the Confeffion of Faith immediately preceeding) and shall abolish, and gainstand all false religion contrary to the same; and shall rule the people committed to their charge, according to the will and command of God revealed in his foresaid word, and according to the laudable laws and constitutions received in this realm, nowise repugnant to the said will of the eternal God; and shall procure, to the uttermost of their power, to the kirk of God, and whole Christian people, true and perfect peace in all time coming: and that they shall be careful to root out of their empire, all hereticks and enemies to the true worship of God, who shall be convicted by the true kisk of God of the foresaid crimes. Which was also observed by his majesty, at his coronation in Edinburgh 1633, as may be seen in the order of the coronation,

In obedience to the commandment of God, conform to the practice of the godly in former times, and according to the laudable example of our worthy and religious progenitors, and of

many yet living amongst us, which was warranted also by act of council, commanding a general band to be made and subscribed by his majesty's subjects of all ranks; for two causes: one was, For defending the true religion as it was then reforined, and is expressed in the Confession of Faith abovewritten, and a former large Confession established by sundry Acts of lawful General Affemblies and of Parliaments, unto · which it hath relation, set down in publick Catechisms; aud which had been for many years, with a blesņing from heaven, preached and professed in this kirk and kingdom, as God's


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undoubted truth, grounded only upon his written word. The other cause was, for maintaining the king's majesty, his person and estate; the true worship of God and the king's authority being so straitly joined as that they had the fame friends and common enemies, and did stand and fall together. And finally, being convinced in our minds, and confesling with our mouths, that the present and succeeding generations in this land are bound to keep the foresaid national oath and subfcription inviolable;

We noblemen, barons, gentlemen, burgesses, ministers, and commons under-subscribing, considering divers times before, and especially at this time, the danger of the true reformed religion, of the king's honour, and of the publick peace of the kingdom, by the manifold innovations and evils generally contained, and particularly mentioned in our late supplicati, ons, complaints and protestations; do hereby profess, and before God, his angels, and the world, solemnly declare, That with our whole heart we agree, and resolve all the days of our life constantly to adhere unto and to defend the foresaid true religion. And forbearing the practice of all novations already introduced in the matters of the worship of God, or approbation of the corruptions of the publick government of the kirk, or civil places and power of kirkmen, till they be tried and allowed in free Assemblies and in Parliaments; to labour by all means lawful, to recover the purity and liberty of the gospel, as it was established and professed before the foresaid novations. And because, after due examination, we plainly perceive, and undoubtedly believe, that the innovations and evils contained in our supplications, complaints and protestations, have no warrant of the word of God, are contrary to the articles of the foresaid confefsion, to the intention and meaning of the blessed reformers of religion in this land, to the above-written Acts of Parliament; and do sensibly tend to the re-establishing of the popish religion and tyranny, and to the subversion and ruin of the true reformed religion, and of

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