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Q. 179. Are we to pray unto God only?

A. God only being able to search the heartse, hear the request d, pardon the finse, and fulfil the desires of allf; and only to be believed ing, and worshipped with religious wor. ship h: prayer, which is a special part thereof i, is to be made by all to him alonek, and to none other l.

Q. 180. What is it to pray in the name of Christ?

A. To pray in the name of Christ, is, in obedience to his command, and in confidence on his promises, to ask mercy

for

fess my transgressionsunto the Lord: « Micah. vii. 18. Who is a God and thou forgavest the iniquity of like unto thee, that pardoneth inimy fin. Selah. v.6. For this ihall quity, and passeth by the tranfgrefevery one that is godly, pray unto fion of the remnant of his heritage? thee, in a time when thou mayest be he retaineth not his anger for ever, found :-Dan, ix. 4. And I prayed because he delighteth in mercy. unto the Lord my God, and made f Psal. cxlv. 18. The Lord is my confession, and faid, O Lord, nigh unto all them that call upon the great and dreadful God, him in truth. v. 19. He will fulfil

6 Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for no. the desire of them that fear him: thing: but in every thing by prayer he also will hear their cry, and will and supplication with thanksgiv. fave them. ing, let your requelts be made & Rom. x. 14. How then shall known unto God.

they call on him in whom they have 179. c' 1 Kings viii. 39. Then not believed, hear thou in heaven thy dwelling h Mat. iv. 10. Then saith Jesus place, and forgive, and do, and give unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: to every man according to his ways, for it is written, Thou shalt worwhose heart thou knowelt; for thou, ship the Lord thy God, and him even thou only knowest the hearts of only shalt thou serve. all the children of men. Acts i. 25. ir Cor. i. 2. Unto the church of And they prayed, and said, Thou God, which is at Corinth, to them Lord, who knowelt the hearts of all that are fanctified in Chriit Jesus, men, fhew whether of these two called to be faints, with all that in thou hast chosen. Rom. vii. 27. every place call upon the name of And he that searcheth the hearts, Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs knoweth what is the mind of the and ours. Spirit, because he maketh interces * Pfal. 1. 15. And call upon me hon for the saints according to the in the day of trouble; I will deliver will of God.

thee, and thou shalt glorify me. d Pfal. Ixv. 2. O thou that hear Rom. x. 14. How then fhall they est prayer, unto thee Thall all fell call on him in whom they have not come.

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for his fakem: not by bare mentioning of his name,n; but by drawing our encouragement to pray, and our boldness, strength, and hope of acceptance in prayer, from Christ and his mediation o.

Q. 181. Why are we to pray in the name of Christ?

A. The sinfulness of man, and his diftance from God by reason thereof, being so great, as that we can have no access into his presence without a mediator P; and there being done in heaven or earth appointed to, or fit for, that glori. ous work, but Christ alone q; we are to pray in no other

name 180. m John xiv. 13. And what. Son of God; that ye may know that foever

ye shall ask in my name, that ye have eternal life, and that ye will I do, that the Father may be may believe on the name of the Son glorified in the Son. v. 14. If ye of God. v. 14. And this is the con, Thall ask any thing in my name, I fidence that we have in bim, that if will do it. John xvi. 24. Hithertowe ask any thing according to his have ye asked nothing in my name: will, he heareth us. V. 15. And if ask, and ye shall receive, that your we know that he hear us, whatsojoy may be full. Dan. ix. 17, Now ever we alk, we know that we have therefore, o our God, hear the the petitions that we defired of him. prayer of thy servant, and his fup 181.p John xiv. 6. Jesus faith unplications, and cause thy face to to him, I am the way, and the truth, Thine upon thy sanctuary that is de- and the life: no man cometh unto solate, for the Lords fake.

the Father but by me. Ifa. lix. 2. » Mat. vii. 21. Not every one But your iniquities have separated that faith unto me, Lord, Lord, between you and your God, and shall enter into the kingdom of your fins have hid his face from you, heaven: but he that doth the will that he will not hear. Eph. ii. 12. of my Father who is in heaven. In whom we have boldness and ac,

. Heb. iv. 14. Seeing then that cess with confidence by the faith of we have a great high priest, that is him. passed into the heavens, Jesus the John vi. 27. Labour not for the Son of God, let us hold fait our pro. meat which perisheth, but for that feffion. V, 15. For we have not aff meat which endureth unto everlaft. high priest who cannot be touched ing life, which the Son of man shall with the feeliag of our infirmities; give unto you: for him hath God the but was in all points tempted like Father sealed. Heb. vii. 25. Whereas we are, yet without fin: v. 16. fore he is able also to save them to Let us therefore come boldly unto the uttermost, that come unto God the throne of grace, that we may by him, seeing he ever liveth to obtain mercy, and find grace to make intercession for them. v. 26, kelp in time of need, 1 John v. 13. For such an high priest became us, These things have I written unto who is holy, harmless, undefiled, you that believe on the name of the separate from liners, and made

name but his only r.

Q. 1 82. How doth the Spirit help us to pray?

A. We not knowing what to pray for as we ought, the Spirit helpeth our infirmities, by enabling us to understand both for whom, and what, and how prayer is to be made; and by working and quickening in our hearts (altho' not in all persons, nor at all times in the same measure) those apprehensions, affections, and graces, which are requisite for the right performance of that durys.

Q. 183. For whom are we to pray?

A. We are to pray for the whole church of Christ upon earth t, for magistrates v, and ministersw, for ourselves x,

our higher than the heavens; v. 27. pare their heart, thou wilt cause Who needeth not daily, as those thine ear to hear. Zech. xii, 10. high priests, to offer up sacrifice, And I will pour upon the house of firit for his own sins, and then for David, and upon the inhabitants of the peoples, for this he did once, Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of when he offered up himself. 1 Tim. fupplications, and they shall look ži. 5. For there is one God, and one upon me whom they have pierced mediator between God and men, and they fhall mourn, -— the man Christ Jesus.

183. * Eph. vi. 18. Praying alCol. iii. 17. And whatsoever ye ways with all prayer and iupplicado in word or deed, do all in the tion in the spirit, and watching name of the Lord Jesus, giving thereunto with all perseverance, thanks to God and the Father by and supplication for all faints. Pfa. him. Heb. xiii, 15. By him there. xxviii. 9. Save thy people, and bless fore let us offer the facrifice of praise thine inheritance; feed them alío, to God continually, that is, the and lift them up for ever. fruit of our lips, giving thanks in v i Tim. ii. 1. I exhort therehis name.

fore, that first of all, fupplications, 182. S Rom. viii, 26. Likewise prayers, interceflions, and giving of the Spirit also helpeth our infirmi- thanks be made for all men: v. 2. ties: for we know not what we. For kings, and for all that are in should pray for as we ought: but anthority; that we may lead a quiet the Spirit itself maketh intercefsion and peaceable life in all godlinefs for us with groanings which can and honesty. not be uttered. v. 27. And he that w Col. iv. 3. Withal, praying al. searcheth the hearts, knoweth what fo for us that God would open unis the mind of the Spirit, because to us a door of utterance, to speak he maketh intercession for the faints the mystery of Chriit, for which I according to the will of God. Pfal. am also in bonds. x. 17. Lord, thou hast heard the * Gen. xxxii. 11. Deliver me, I defire of the humble; thou wilt pre- pray thee, from the hand of my bro

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our brethren y, yea our enemies z; and for all sorts of men living a, or that shall live hereafter b: but not for the dead c, nor for those that are known to have finned the fin unto death d.

Q. 184. For what things are we to pray?

A. We are to pray for all things tending to the glory of God e, the welfare of the church f, our own g or others good h: but not for any thing that is unlawfuli.

Q. 185. How are we to pray?
A. We are to pray with an awful apprehension of the

majesty ther, from the hand of Efau: for I will be gracious to me, that the fear him, lest he will come and smite' child may live?, v. 23. But now he me, and the mother with the chil. is dead, wherefore should i fast?

can I bring him back again? I shall , Jam. v. 16. Confess your faults go to him, but he shall not returns one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed : The di John v. 16. If any man see his effe&tual fervent prayer of a righ- brother fin a lin which is not unto teous man availeth much,

death, he thall ask, and he shall give z Mat. v. 44. But I say unto yoü, him life for them that. sin not unto Love your enemies, bless them that death. There is a fin unto death: I curse you, do good to them that do not say that he shall pray for it. hate you, and

pray for them who 184.c Mat. vi. 9. After this mandespitefully use you, and perfecute ner therefore pray ye: Our Father you.

who art in heaven, hallowed be thy « 1 Tim. ii, 1, 2. (See above in v.)

b John xvii. 20. Neither pray I f Pfal. li. 18. Do good in thy for these alone, but for them also good pleasure unto Sion: build who shall believe on me thro' their thou the walls of Jerusalem. Pfal. word. 2 Sam. vii. 29: Therefore cxxii. 6. Pray for the peace of Je. now let it please thee to bless the rufalem: they fhall prosper that house of thy servant, that it may love thee. continue for ever before thee: for g Mat. vii. 11. If ye then being thou, O Lord God, haft spoken it, evil, know how to give good gifts and with thy blessing let the house unto your children, how much more of thy servant be blessed for ever. . shall your Father who is in heaveri

c 2 Sam. xii. 21. Then said his give good things to them that alk fervants unto him, What thing is him? this that thou hast done? thou didit b Psal. cxxv.4. Do good, O Lord, faft and weep for the child while it unto those that be good; and to them was alive, but when the child was that are upright in their hearts. dead, thou didst rise and eat bread. i 1 John v. 14. And this is the v. 22. And he said, While the child confidence that we have in him, was yet alive, I'falted and wept, for that if we ask any thing according I said, Who can tell whether God to his will, he heareth us.

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185.

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majefty of God k; and deep sense of our own unworthiness I, neceflilies m, and sins n; with penitento, thankful , and enlarged hearts q; with understanding r, faiths, fincerityt, fervency v, love w, and perseverance x, waiting upon

him 185. & Eccl. v. 1. Keep thy foot thing, but in every thing hy prar. when thou goes to the house of er, and fupplication with thankfg God, and be more ready to hear, ving, let your requests be made than to give the sacrifice of fools: known unto God. for they consider not that they do q 1 Sam. i. 15. And Hannah anevil.

fwered and said, No, my lord, I am 1 Gen. xviii. 27. And Abraham a woman of a forrowful fpirit: I answered and said, Behold, now, I have drunk neither wine nor strong have taken upon me to speak unto drink, but have poured out my foul the Lord, who am but duft and before the Lord. Sam. ii. 1. And alhes. Gen. xxxii. 10. I am not Hannah prayed, and said, My heart worthy of the least of all the mer- rejoiceth in the Lord, mine horn is cies, and of all the truth which exalted in the Lord: my mouth is thou hast fhewed unto thy ser-' enlargedover mine enemies; because vant;

I rejoice in thy falvation. m Luke xv. 17. And when he ri Cor. xiv. 15. What is it chen? came to himself, he said, How ma- I will pray with the spirit, and I will ny hired fervants of my fathers have pray with the understanding also:bread enough and to spare, and I s Mark xi. 24. Therefore I fay perish with hunger! v. 18. I will unto you, what things foever ye dearise, and

go father, and will fire when ye pray, believe that ye say unto him, Father, I have finned receive them, and ye shall have them. against heaven, and before thee, James i. 6. But let him alk in faith, v. 19. and am no more worthy to nothing wavering: för he that warbe called thy fon : make me as one ereth is like a wave of the sea, driof thy hired servants.

ven with the wind, and tossed. .Luke xviii. 13. And the publi * Pfal.cxlv. 18. The Lord is nigh can standing afar off, would not lift. unto all them that call upon him, up so much as his eyes unto hea to all that call upon him in truth. ven, but smote upon his breast, fay. Pfal. xvii. 1. Hear the right, o ing, God be merciful to me a sin- Lord, attend unto my cry, give ear ner, v. 14. I tell you, this man went unto my prayer that goeth not out down to his house justified rather of feigned lips. than the other: for every one that v James v. 16. The effectual exalteth himself, shall be abased'; fervent prayer of a righteous mas and he that humblech himself, shall availeth much, be exalted.

wi Tim.ii.8. I will therefore thar o Pfal. li. 17. The facrifices of men pray every where, liftingup boGod are a broken fpirit: a broken ly hands, without wrath and doubtand a contrite heart, O God, thou ing. wilt not despise.

* Eph. vi. 18. Praying always Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for 10- with all prayer and fupplication in

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