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it p; hide it in their hearts q, and bring forth the fruit of it in their lives r.

Q. 161. How do the sacraments become effe&tual means of salvation?

A. The facraments become effectual means of salvation, not by any power in themselves, or any virtue derived from the piety or intention of him by whom they are administred; but only by the working of the Holy Ghost, and the blessing of Christ by whom they are instituteds.

Q. 162. What is a sacrament?
A. A facrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ


tvhich effectually worketh also in 25. But whoso looketh into the peryou that believe.

fect law of liberty, and continueth . Luke ix. 44. Let these fayings therein, being not a forgetful hearsink down into your ears: for the er, but a doer of the word, this man Son of man fhall be delivered into Thall be blessed in his deed. the hands of men.

* Heb. ii. 1.

161.1 i Pet. iii. 21. The like fiTherefore we ought to give the gure whereunto, even baptism, doth more carneft heed to the things we alio now save us (not the putting ahave heard, leit at any time we way of the filth of the Helh, but the 1hould let them slip.

answer of a good conscience toward p Luke xxiv. 14. And tliey talked God) by the resurrection of Jesus together of all theie things which Chrilt. Acts viii. 13. Then Simon had happened, Deut. vi. 6. And himtelf believed also: And when he these words which I command thee was baptized, he continued with this day, thall be in thine heart. v. Philip, and wondered, beholding 7. And thou thalt teach them dili. the miracles and signs which were gently unto thy children, and thait done. Compared with v. 23. For I talk of them when thou fitteit in thy perceive faid Peter to Simon chat house, and when thou walkest by thou art in the gall of bitterness and the way, and when thou lielt down, in the bond of iniquity. I Cor. iii.6. and when thou ritest up.

I have planted, Apollos watered: 9. Prov. ii, 1. My son, if thou wilt but God gave the increase. v.7. So receive my words, and hide my com- then neither is he that planteth any mandments with thee. Psa.cxix. 11. thing, neither he that watereth: but

Thy word have I hidin mine heart, God that giveth the increase, 1 Cor. that I might not fin again't thee. xii: 13. For by one Spirit are we all

, Luke viii. 15. But that on the baptized into one body, whether we good ground, are they, which in be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be an honest and good heart, having bond or free; and have been all hcard the word, keep it, and bring made to drink into one spirit. forth fruit with patience. Jam, i.


of me.

in his churcht, to fignify, seal, and exhibit v unto those that are within the covenant of grace w, the benefits of his mediation *; to strengthen and increase their faith, and all other graces y; to oblige them to obedience z; to testify and cherish

their 162. +Gen. xvii. 7. And I will as oft as ye drinkit, in remembrance establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy leed after thee, w Rom. xv. 8. Now I say, That in their generations for an everlast- Jesus Chriit was a minister of the ing covenant; to be a God unto thee, circumcifion, for the truth of God, ani to thy seed after thee. v. 10. to confirm the promises made unto This is my covenant, which ye ihail the fathers, Exod. xii. 48. And when keep between me and you, and ihy a stranger shall fojourn with thee, feed after thee; Every man child and will keep the passover to the among you thall be circumcised. Lord, let all his males be circumciExod. ch. xii. containing the initi- fed, and then let him come near and tution of the passover. Mat. xxviii. keep it; and he shall be as one that 19. Go ye therefore and teach all is born in the land: for no uncirnations, baptizing them in the name cumcifed person thall eat thereof. of the Father, and of the Son, and * Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said unof the Holy Ghost. * Mat. xxvi. 26. to them, Repent, and be baptized And as they were eating, Jesus took every one of you, in the name of Jebread, and blessed it, and brake 'it, sus Christ, for the remission of sins, and gave it to the disciples, and said, and ye shall receive the gift of the Take, eat; this is my body. v. 27. Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup And he took the cup, and gave of blessing which we bless, is it not thanks, and gave it to them, lay- the communion of the blood of ing, Drink ye all of it; v. 28. For Christ? the bread which we brcak, this is my blood of the new testa- is it not the communion of the body ment, which is shed for many, for of Christ.. the remission of sins.

y Rom. iv, 11. (See in v above.) v Rom. iv. 11. And he received Gal. M. 27. For as many of the sign of circumcifion, a seal of the have been baptized into Chriit, have righteousnels of the faith which he put on Chrilt. had yet being uncircumcised: that z Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not that he might be the father of all them so many of us as were baptized into that believe, though they be not cir- Jesus Christ, were baptized into his cumcised: that righteousness might death? v. 4. Therefore we are bube imputed unto them also. 1 Cor. ried with him by baptisin intodeath: xi. 24. And when he had given that like as Christ was raised up from thanks, he brake it, and faid, Take, the dead by the glory of the Father, eat; this is my body, which is broken even fo we also lhould walk in newfor you: this do in remembrance of nefs of life. i Cor. x. 21. Ye cannot me. v. 25. After the same manner drink the cup of the Lord, and the also he took the cup, when he had cup of devils: ye cannot be partaksupped, saying, This cup is the new ers of the Lords table, and the table teltament in my blood: this do ye, of devils.



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their love and communion one with another a, and to distin, guish them from those that are without b.

Q. 163. What are the parts of a facrament?

A. The parts of a sacrament are two: the one an outward and sensible sign used according to Christ's own appointment; the other, an inward and spiritual grace thereby signifiedc.

Q. 164. How many facraments hath Christ instituted in his church under the New Testament?

A. Under the New Testament Christ hath instituted in his church only two facraments, baptism, and the Lord's Supper d,

Q.165. What is baptism?
A. Baptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, where-

in . Eph. iv. 2. With all lowliness but he that cometh afterme,is mighand meekness, with long-suffering, tier than I, whole thues I am not forbearing one another in love; v. worthy to bear: he thall baptize you! 3. Endeavouring to keep the unity with the Holy Ghost, and with fire. of the Spirit in the bond of peace, Pet. iii. 21. The like figure where ! v. 4. There is one body, and one unto, even baptism, doth also now Spirit, even as ye are called in one fave us (not the putting away the hope of your calling:v,5. One Lord, filth of the flesh, but the answer of one faith, one baptism. 1 Cor. xii. a good conscience towards God) by 13. For by one Spirit are we all bap- the resurre&ion of Jesus Christ. tized into one body, whether we be Rom. ii. 28. For he is not a Jew, Jews or Gentiles, whether we be that is one outwardly; neither is bond or free; and have been all that circumcision, which is outward made to drink into one Spirit. in the fielh: v. 29. But he is a Jew

b Eph. ii. 11. Wherefore remem who is one inwardly; and circumberthat ye being in times paffed Gen- cilion is that of the heart, in the ules in the flesh, who are called un- fpirit, and not in the letter, whose circumcision by that which is called praise is not of men, but of God. the circumcision in the flesh made by 164. d Mat. xxviii, 19. Go ye hands; v. 12. That at that time ye therefore and teach all nations, bapwere without Christ, being aliens tizing them in the name of the Fa. from the commonwealth of Israel, ther, and of the Son, and of the Hoand strangers from the covenants ly Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20, When ye of promise, having no hope, and come together therefore into one without God in the world. Gen. place, this is not to eat the Lords xxxiv. 14. And they said unto them, Supper. v. 23. For I have received We cannot do thisthing, to give our of the Lord that which also I delifister to one that is uncircumcised; vered unto you, That the Lord Jefor that were a reproach to us. sus, the same night in which he was

163. c Mat.iii. 11. I indeed bap- betrayed, took bread. Mat, xxvi. 26, size you with water unto repentance, 27, 28. (See above in r.)

in Chrift hath ordained the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoste, to be a sign and seal of ingrafting into himselff, of remiffion of fins by his blood g, and regeneration by his Spirit b; of adoptioni, and resurrection unto everlasting life k: and whereby che parties baptized are folemnly admitted into the visible churcht, and enter into an open and professed engagement to be wholly and only the Lord's m.

Q. 166. Unto whom is baptism to be administred?

A. Baptism is not to be administred to any that are out of the visible church, and so strangers from the covenant of promise, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him n; but infants descending from parents, either both or


165. - Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye dead, if the dead rise not at all? why therefore and teach all nations, bap- are they then baptized for the dead? tizing them in the name of the Fa. Rom. vi. 5. For if we have been ther, and of the Son, and of the Ho planted together in the likeness of ly Ghost.

his death: we shall be also in the f Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you likeness of his resurrection, as have been baptized into Christ, | 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spihave put on Christ.

rit are we all baptized into one bo& Mark i. 4. John did baptize in dy, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, the wilderness, and preach the bap- whether we be bond or free; and tism of repentance, for the remiffion have been all made to drink into one of lins. Rev. i. 5.-Unto him that Spirit. loved us, and washed us from our m Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are fins in his own blood.

buried with him by baptism into b Tit.iii. 5. Not by works of righ- death : that like as Christ was raised teousness which we have done, but up from the dead by the glory of his according to his mercy he saved us Father, even so we also should walk by the washing of regeneration, and in newness of life. renewing of the Holy Ghoft. Eph. 166. ^ A&ts viii. 36. And as they V. 26. That he might fanctify and went on their way, they came unto cleanse it with the walhing of water a certain water: and theeunuchsaid, by the word,

See, here is water; what doth hini Gal. iii. 26. For ye are all the der me to be baptized? v. 27. And children of God by faith in Christ Philip said, If thou believest with all Jesus. V. 27. For as many of you as thine heart, thou maveit. And he have been baptized into Christ, have answered and said, I believe that Jeput on Christ.

fus Christ is the Son of God. Acts ki Cor. xv. 29. Else what shall ii. 38. Then Peter said unto them, they do, who are baptized for the Repent, and be baptized every one


but one of them, professing faith in Christ, and obedience to him, are in that respect within the covenant, and to be baptizedo.

Q. 167. How is our baptism to be improved by us?

A. The needful but much neglected duty of improving our baptism is to be performed by us all our life long, espe. cially in the time of temptation, and when we are present ar the administration of it to others p, by serious and thankful


of you in the name of Jesus Christ, ven as many as the Lord our God for the remiffion of fins, and ye shall shall call. And with Rom. iv. II. receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. And he received the sign of circum

o Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish cision, a seal of the righteousness of my covenant between me and theé, the faith, which he had, yet being and thy fecd after thee, in their ge- uncircumcised: that he might be the nerations for an everlasting cove father of all them that believe, tho' nant; to be a God unto thee, and to they be not circumcised: that righthy feed after thee. v. 9. And God teousness might be imputed unto faidunto Abraham, Thgu malt keep them also: v. 12. And the father of mycovenanttherefore, thou and thy circumcision to them who are not of seed after thee, in their generations, the circumcision only, but also walk Compared with Gal. iii. 9. So then in the steps of that faith of our fathey who be of faith, are blessed with ther Abraham, which he had being faithful Abraham. v. 14. That the yet uncircumcised. i Cor. vii. 14. bleffing of Abraham might come on Forthe unbelieving husband is fanc. the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; tified by the wife, and the unbelier. that we might receive the promise ing wife is fanétified by the husband: of the Spirit through faith. And elle were your children unclean: but with Col. ii. 11. In whom also ye now they are holy. Mat. xxviii. 19. are circumcised with the circumci- Go ye therefore and teach all natifion made without hands, in putting ons,

baplizing them in the name of off the body of the sins of the fielh, the Father, and of the Son, and of by the circumcision of Christ: v.12. the Holy Ghost. Lukexviii, 15. And Buried with him in baptifm, where they brought unto him also infants, in also you are risen with him thro' that would touch them: but when the faith of the operatior. of God, his disciples saw it, they rebuked who hath raised him from the dead. them. v. 16. But Jesus called them And with A&s ii. 38. Then Peter unto him, and said, Suffer little chik faid unto them, Repent, and be bap dren to come unto me, and forbid tized every one of you in the name

them not: for of such is the kingdom of Jesus Christ, for the remission of of God. Rom. ix. 16. For if the firit sins, and ye shall receive the gift of fruit be holy, the lump is also holy; the Holy Ghost. v. 39. For the pro and if the root be holy, so are the mise is unto you, and to your chil branches. dren, and to all that are afiad off, e 167. p Col. ii. II. In whom alo

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