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whenever it can get occasion to do so, might have been returned. Viscount Falkland and Lord Belha-
The principal and most active person in procur-
January 14, 1933.
Earl of Morton
Earl of Home
Earl of Elgin the rest, that one, that public honours, and legislato- Earl of Selkirk
Earl of Airlie rial power, are not the property of individuals, or Earl of Home
Earl of Leven classes of individuals, but of the body corporate of Earl of Leven and Melville 35 Earl of Selkirk the public.-Edinburgh Chronicle.
Earl of Orkney
Viscunt Strathallan 13th instant, the election of the sixteen Peers, Lord Gray
Lord Forbes to represent the Scottish nobility in the en
............... 44 Lord Gray
Lord Kinnaird quis of Tweeddale, 44 votes ; Earl of Morton, 53 ;| Earl of Airlie
............ 33 Marquis of Queensberry... 36
Earl of Rothes
Earl of Buchan
Earl of Carnwath
.......... 17 Lord Napier...... 42 ; Viscount Strathallan, 43; Lord Forbes, 41; Lord Reay
14 | Lord Elibanic
Earl of Errol
Earl of Dunmore ......... 11
DINNER TO Sir George CLERK.-On Wednesday the 231
nearly four hundred gentlemen, electors of Mid Luchian, and Marquis of Queensberry, 36 ; Earl of Rothes, 31 ; friends of Sir George Clerk, entertuined him to dinner in the Earl of Buchan, 22; Earl of Carnwath, 31 ; Lord Waterloo Rooms ; Sir Joho Hope in the chair, supported on the Cranstoun, 31 ; Lord Napier, 36; Lord Reay, 36 ; Aberdeenshire, Sir John May, Bart., Sir J. S. Forbes, Bari. Lord Elibank, 33. A protest was taken against the Honourable Charles Hope, advocate, Mr Clerk Maxwell, the return, on the ground that some of the Noble General Wardlaw, Mr Swinton, M. Urquhart, ur Tytler of Lords who had not been returned, had a greater hell of Blythswood, Major-General Sir George Leith, Vice
Woodhouselee ; on the left by Sir George Murray, Mr Campus number of legal votes than some of those who had 'Admiral Sir David Milne, Mc David Miloe, advocate, Sir Ru
47 45 43 40 39
44 53 43 47 39 40
43 ............ 37
53 52 42 37 43
..... 32 ......... 26
31 22 31 81 36 36 33
to ineasures, not to men.
hert Dundas, Bart., Mr Trotter of Dreghorn, Captain Trotter, / and the merchants and tradesmen, employed by the family, Mr Scott of Northfield.
in Lanark. Sir George Clerk has recommenced an active can Alloa.—The number of vessels registered at the vass of the county of Edinburgh, on the ground of port of Alloa, including those belonging to KincarSir John Dalrymple's prospective elevation to the dine and Stirling, up to 1st January 1833, is 143, Peerage by the death of the Earl of Stair. whose united tonnage amounts to 18,220 tons, er
Disser to Mr. Blair. The losing Tory candi- ploying 962 men. The number of coasting vessels date was consoled by a dinner, which took place on entered inwards during the last twelve months is the lith. About five hundred gentlemen-the about 600, and the number outwards about 1,300. head and tail of the Tory faction, assembled from
The foundation-stone of a new pier has been laid all Scotland, met together for that purpose, in the at Largs. Assembly Rooms, Sir F. W. Drummond, of Haw
Herrings. There has been a tolerably good take thornden, wa in the chair; Mr. Robertson acted as of herring in the Firth for the last fortnight. croupier. The Chairman, in his opening speech,
ANSTRUTHER, 23d Jan. 1833.–For these ten day made great profession of liberality. Ile said past we have had a good take of herrings, and from
" We do not come here as professed nnponents of his Ma- the number of boats at present in this and the jesty's Government--quite the reverse.
We come here to ten
neighbouring harbours, they will prove a very great der them our support in every measure which ihey can produce blessing to this district. tending to the prosperity and welfare of the country. We look ORKNEY AND ZETLAND ELECTION,—The result of
We will not follow the example of the contest for the representation of this stewartry some others, who opposed every measure, right or wrong.' The Conservatives are so well known, that no one
is, that Mr. Trail has been re-elected by a majowill be surprised to find the meeting was a mererity of eleven votes. common high Tory one after all, and that the pas
Tue Frost, &c.— The late frost was, we under. eage quoted above is the only one savouring in the stand, the most severe which we have experienced least degree of liberality which is to be found in on the west coast for the last seven or eight years. the report of its proceedings. The speeches were In Badenoch it was also very keen ; Loch Alvie and most lugubrious,-hardly excepting those of Mr. other lakes were entirely sheeted with ice, and 1. Robertton himself
, whose John-Reeve-like ge- many wildfowl were frozen to the spot where they nius for the absurd and grotesque was never before so hard-worked to so little purpose.-- Spectator.
alighted. On the 25th, Mr. Aytoun was entertained at dinner in
Signal LANTERNS.—Capt. N. de Coninck, of the the Waterloo Hotel, by about 150 of his friends. Mr. Royal Danish Navy, has invented a latern to be R. W. Jameson, W. S. was in the cbair, and Mr. Pren. used for signals, that is said to give a much more tice, croupier. The hilarity of the company was exube- brilliant light than those at present employed for rant, and was greatly heightened by the vocal abilities of that purpose. The light is obtained on the argand Mr. Supio, whom they were fortunate enough to bave as principle, without the use of glass, by conveying a a guest upon the occasion.
current of air through the lantern. The lamp will SIR DAVID BAIRD.—A subscription of sums, from one contain sufficient oil to last several hours, and is penny to one shilling, is now making in East Lothian, for perfectly secured by the construction of the lantern, the purpose of purchasing a gold cup, to be presented to Sir from the effects of bad weather. We bear that they David Baird, as a mark of the esteem in which he is held have been tried with complete success in a gale of by the independent party in the County, for his late exer
wind. tions to free it from the domination of a few Aristocratical families.
To MARINERS.- A light-house has been erected Mr. Swax's Case.--An elector of Mid-Lothian, in upon Douglas Head, in the Isle of Man, and was some trifling arrear to his landlord, Mr. Little Gil. lighted on the 21st of December last. The light mour, was given to understand, that if he gave a is stationary, and appears like a star of the first prudent vote things would be made easy for him. magnitude at the distance of 15 miles. He voted for Sir John Dalrymple, and was the same night thrown into jail for the debt. This shameful case caused great indignation, and the honest elec
COURT AND FASHIONABLE NEWS. tor has been liberated by a subscription.
Tue COURT.-The return of the Court to St. HIGHLAND SOCIETY JUBILEE DINNER.—On Tues- James's Palace is positively fixed for the 22d of day the 15th, the Highland Society met to cele- February. The Queen's drawing-rooms for the seabrate their fiftieth aniversary—the Duke of Buc- son are already announced :-the days specified ara, cleuch was in the Chair, the Marquis of Tweeddale 25th February (Queen's birth day,) 21st of March, and the Earl of Roseberry, Croupiers.
18th April, 16th May, 28th May (King's birth day,) UNSTAMPED NEWSPAPERS.-- Robert Muir and and 20th June. Henry Gowans, printers of the “ Loyal Reform- House of Peers to open the first session of the new
His Majesty is expected to go in state to the ers' Gazette,” along with Peter M-Kenzie, its | Parliament, on the 4th and 51h of February. editor, were apprehended and lodged in Glasgow The Duke of Sussex was sufficiently recovered on jail, by virtue of a writ issued by his Majesty's Tuesday to preside at a meeting of the Royal SoBarons of Exchequer, for a debt due by them to ciety. the Crown, of two thousand one hundred pounds,
The health of the Duchess of Gloucester is imfor printing and circulating unstamped newspapers. proved. LANARK. – Sir Charles Ross, Bart. of Balpagown and
King Leopold and his bride, with two brothers of Bonnington, having attained bis majority on the 19th her Majesty, talk of visiting England in the Spring instant, the same was observed with every demonstration The Queen is officially announced as being with of joy, among his tenantry upon the estate of Bonnington, child,
It is again reported that Lord Palmerston is about
UNITED STATES. to quit the Foreign Office, and that he will be suc The accounts from the United States continue to give ceeded by Lord Durham.
an unfavourable view of the dispute with South Carolina. The Marquis of Stafford has been created Duke A proclamation on the subject has been published by the of Sutherland.
President of the United States, which shews, beyond doubt, DUKE OF SUTHERLAND.—The newly created Duke that the refractory State has manifested symptoms of resisof Sutherland is married to a Scottish Peeress, in tance and contempt for the Union, which it would be danher own right the Countess of Sutherland, a Scot- gerous for the Government to neglect
. Troops and ordtish peerage of A.D. 1275. By this marriage he for taking the most decisive measures for enforcing a due
nance have already been ordered to Charlestown, preparatory unites in his own person the greatest wealth of any observance of the tariff, so long as it remains a part of the nobleman in the empire. He was heir to the Duke law. The Nullifiers, the term by which the refractory of Bridgewater's rich estates; and, through his party are known, are represented as having been a good duchess, he is possessed of the rich principality in deal calmed by the moderation used in the President's the north of Scotland. We have heard that the message, and it is said the Unionists of South Carolina Duke of Sutherland chose that title for his dukedom, in have begun to bestir themselves in diffusing a better consequence of its being borne by her Grace the Duchess, spirit among the people. who is Countess of Sutherland and Baroness Strathnaver
JA MAICA. in her own right. The earldom of Sutherland is the most ancient of any in Great Britain, having continued learn that party feeling was still car: ied to a great pitch
By the accounts from Jamaica to the 13th ult., we without interruption in the lineal course of descent, for throughout the island. In the House of Assembly, a genear six centuries ; while nearly all the other ancient neral attack has been made on the press; and in a Jate titles have been changed in their destinations by resigna- sitting, two persons, proprietors of the Jamaica Dispatch, tions and new patents, this earldom has remained unal- named Shannon, were committed to prison for what is tered.
termed an outrageous breach of privilege. The whole of
the press in Jamaica is stigmatized as licentious in the exFOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.
treme, and many of them are likely to get into hot water.
The following is an extract:-
“ Jamaica, 7th November.- That his Excellency was
somewhat at fault is evident; and we regret that it shouid The King of Holland, in his counter-project, demands be supposed that he was in a passion when he met the a tonnage-duty on the navigation of the scheldt, a tran- Legislature; but the fact was so, and we lament it exsit-duty for merchandise sent from Belgium to Germany, ceedingly. We have the highest respect for Lord Muland immediate payment of the instalments on the Belgian grave's talents, and we are sorry to be obliged to find portion of the national debt. The Belgian Ministry de- fault with any part of his Lordship’s conduct: but we do clare that they will not pay the tonnage-duiy until all say, that his demeanour was any thing but dignified in other points have been arranged, that they will not pay a meeting our Legislature. The address was, perhaps too transit-duty at all, and that before they pay the instal-long; but the reply, instead of meeting the question fairly, ments on their portion of the national debt, they must convinced us thai the Earl was more anxious to show that deduct all their war expenditure.
he could write than to reply to an important state docuBrussels, Monday, January 14.–The King of Hol- ment.” land is now playing a desperate game. If the Dutch There had been some stormy debates in the House of
The people should, on seeing the folly of his system, be forced Assembly, chiefly respecting breaches of privilege. by the measures of France and England to revolt agaivst committee, to whom ihe reply of the Governor to the ad. hin, as soon they must, he will call in the Prussians to dress of the Assembly had been referred, had recommendoverthrow tbem, as his father did in 1787, when the Stadt. ed a hostile resolution, expressive of their regret at the holder wisbed to seize the crown.
doctrines contained in the speech.
SOUTH SEA ISLANDS.
We learn by letters from the islands, that war kas ta The Marquis Palmella has, it appears, resigned his ken place between Tahaa and Raiatea. A sanguinary functions and retired from the service of Don Pedro. engagement ensued, in which fifty men were killed. The SPAIN
war was still raging when the Zebra left Qiaheite, and
the Missionaries were alarmed for the consequences, as it The King is again recovered, and has published a de- was feared their influence was on the decline. We much cree, dated 4th January, in which he announces bis re- regret this, as every well-wisher of these islands must do ; sumption of the reins of Government, and strongly ap- the Missionary influence, in the absence of direct agency proves all the measures of the Queen during his illness. from Britain, being the only means of diffusing civilization He has ordered a medal to be struck" to perpetuate the amongst their inhabitants.
This war is the first which memory of such splendid actions." The King is said to has occurred since the change of religion of Otaheite have recovered his health and strength in a very surpris. and the adjacent islands; and from the ferocity with which ingm anner.
it is conducted, it proves that the warlike and barbarous PRUSSIA.
practices of these ingenious people are unsubdued.-Syd
ney Herald, July 23. The Prussian troops forming the corps of observation
MADAGASCAR. on the Meuse are to return to their usual cantonments in
The Queen of Madagascar bas lately manifested a dig. Westphalia, and the war reserve of that corps are to be position to cut off all communication with Europeans, and dismissed from active service, and retire to their homes. it was supposed she would interdict the cattle trade between We need scarcely point out the connexion between these her subjects and the Mauritius. This, however, is now military movements, and the return of the French army of little consequence, as a very successful trade has been from Belgium ; facts which all tend to prove the mutual opened for live stock with the settlers of New South faith and good understanding which have guided the coun Wales and that island. The cause of that interdiction cils and measures of the powers necessarily most interest
was supposed to be, that the slave trade was effectually ed in the settlement of the Belgian differences, in the way stopped, and ber Majesty had thereby lost a cous erable most conducive to the maintenance of a general and salu. portion of her revenue.
She had no objection to sell a tary peace.
bullock and a human being together.
NEW SOUTH WALES.
of by the first houses in the Wes: India trade.-- London Swan River SETTLEMENT.-Extract of a letter from the New Prices Current. Swao River Settlement, dated Freemantle, Aug. 8, 1832. Free Trade.--It has been remarked, that the return “ Yon no doubt will be surprised to hear of Governor Stirling of Mr. P. Thomson for Manchester, and the rejection having left this place. The object of his visiting England is to of Mr. Sadler at Leeds, serves to demonstrate pretty represent the true state of the colory, as every settler supposes elearly the senuiments of the inbabitants of those impor. the home Government, from their great neglect, have entirely cant towns on the subject of free trade. forgotten there is a settlement in Western Australia. I am certain if they knew of the importance this colony is likely to be
Corn Trade.—Though the trade las of late assamed to the mother country, they would at once give it the sup
a firmer tone, yet prices generally have sustained no import it merits; and it would then be as flourishing a settle. provement, and any advance realized has been entirely ment as they have belonging to the country. The capabilities confined to selected parcels. The purchases also effected, of the soil have been clearly proved by every person who has have been in great measure made merely to meet the im. gone upon their grants, and wbeat has been grown this year mediate consumption. which has weighed as much as 70 lbs. to the bushel, and much finer than any that has been imported from the neighbouring mers in the fens round Boston, complain of the very beavy
SHEEP.- We are sorry to learn that the Lancashire far. colonies. The local situation of the place is far beyond either losses they are sustaining daily from the prevalence of roi Hobart Town or Sydney, and, above all, it possesses one of the in the sheep, which extends tearfully; added to the very best climales in the world.
The King of Tucopia stated to Captain Russel of the Lady defective yield in the crops of corn, and the bad conditloa Rowena, that when the French ships lately visited his island, in which a great part of it was barvested. in any of the crew died of a sickness by vomiting and pains in the SILVER MINES. — The Intendancy of Coquimbo-Serata, bowels, and that the sickness continued amongst the natives 7th of June, 1832, to the minister of the jaterior :-A after the vessel left the place, by which a great many individuals, wonderful discovery of silver ore has been made in the and three Kings io succession, were cut off. was seen a China fish strainer that bad belonged to the vessei mountain chain of Topiapo, called Chanarcilla and Mole.
It is affirmed that the veins are immense. of the unfortunate La Perouse.
Since the 223 Holy Land. - A Jewish family lest Woolwich a few of May, sixteen, more or less rich, have been discovered. weeks back for Jerusalem. There are now above 25,000 the gentleman who has distinguished himself by his efforts
STEAM COMMUNICATION with India.-Mr. Waghord, Jews in the Holy Land.
to shorten the communication with India, will leave Eng. TRADE AND MANUFACTURES.
land enrly next month for the purpose of procuring the We are glad to understand that the trade of Hawick erection of some depot or halting place in the desert, beand Galasbiels has been, for the last six months, uncom tween Grand Cairo and Suez, so as to facilitate the land monly good; and it is highly creditable to the manufaclu- journey from Alexandria. If his exertions are duly serers of those places to state, that while they have been conded at home by the Government and the East India realizing good profits, they have not been unmindful of Company, much time cannot elapse before the desirable that useful class, the operatives, as their wages have been object is accomplished of a regular communication month. in consequence considerably augmented.
ly with Bengal, occupying at most 60 or 70 days. Revival of TRADE.--MANCHESTER, January 12.We are happy to be able to announce a most decided improvement in the cotton trade, which has given a stimu- in which more attention is given to the instruction of the
United States. There is no portion of the civilized world Ius to every branch of our manufactures. During the lower classes than in the States. Every individual who has : week the markets in this town have been in a state of dollar to spare, contributes towards this praise worthy object; great activity. The price of printing cloths has risen from endowments in land are liberally granted to support the free 75. 7d. to 8s. 30.; the advance is from two and a half to schools; and many of the States contribute lare sums for the three per cent.
same purpose. Connecticut, for instance, has appropriated a COTTON MANUFACTURE.-- The amazing cotton manu. capital of one million eight hundred thousand dollars (above facture continues to increase. The reduction of the pro-L. 400,000) towards it, and New York yearly a grant of fits has sharpened the wits of the manufacturers, and men, L. 10,000. The example has spread even among the Indians ; women, and children, as well as machines, throw off an a chief among the Creck Indians has set aside his yearly allowincreased quantity of work. We perceive, from the evi- schools; the Choctawa annually expend ten thousand upon
ance of 2000 dollars for ceded land, for the benefit of their dence on the Factory Bill, that the weekly quantity now thein; and the Chickasaws have carried their liberalitg in spun by one spindle is 21 hanks of No. 40 in a week. respect of them, to as much as twenty thousand. The dumThe cotton spun in Great Britain last year amounted to ber of youth, of both sexes, who are educated gratuiton-ly in about 288,000,000 lbs. Of this vast quantity a tenth was the United States, exceeds 1,200,000, on a population of spun in Scotland. The United States supply 34ths of 13,000,000. the consumption, or 213,000,000 lbs., the East Indies about 20,000,000 lbs., the West Indies 1,600,000 lbs only.
SCOTS BANKRUPTS. All the cotton, except the growth of the East and West Peter M‘Kinlay and Co. merchants, Kirkaldy, and Peter Indies, pays a duty of d. per 16. This duty would, last MKinlay, sole partner of that Company, as an individual. year, exceed L.690,000, and would be as nearly as pos James Hume, of Carolside, in the County of Berwick, siule ten per cent. on the return of the cotton in bond. cattle dealer, grain dealer, and builder.
CHANGE OF THE SUGAR TRADE CONTEMPLATED. -An Hoome, Wilson, and Company, manufacturers, Glasgow, ingenius plan to alter the whole system of the sugar trade and Colin M'Lachlan Wilson, William Hoome, and James has been submitted to his Majesty's Ministers, and to the Maxwell, as partners of said Company. principal bouses connected with the colonial trade in Mrs Agnes Dow, silk mercer and' haberdasher, Edin. London ; it has produced a great sensation. It is con- burgh. templated that only one process should take place in the David Budge, innkeeper and coach contractor, residing West Indies ; that after the boiling of the sugar-cane, the in Dundee. proceeds, in a fuid state, should be shipped for England, William Couston, grocer and spirit dealer, L.eith. to be manufactured here. By a Patent taken out the Andrew Hutchison, merchant, Cupar Fife. fluid by one process is to be manufactured into refined Daniel Charles Cameron, comb-manufacturer, Iron side sugars. The process of making Muscovado sugar and Court, Edinburgh. distilling rum would all be in England. The person who John Thomson, auctioneer and general merchant, Greene has submitted this plan has taken out a patent for the re- ock. fining, by vne process, the fluid into lump sugar, in most James Frew, junior, grocer and spirit-dealer, Coatdykas, of the European countries, and, we believe, in America. Lanarkshire. The plan will create a complete revolution in the sugar Thomas Watson, innkeeper at Spittal of Glenshee. trade. It is entertained by the Ministers, and approved James Harper, distiller at Clynelish, Sutherlandshira.
SPIRIT OF THE PRESS.
proportion to the duration and violence of the pre. THE BALLOT.TRIENNIAL PARLIA
vious excitement. We have suffered greatly for MENTS. THE ASSESSED TAXES.
our madness; and the loss to the country by the A most important meeting of the constitu- the Joint Stock Companies then instituted, pro
wild speculations of 1825 must be enormous. Of ency of London took place on Monday forenoon, bably nine-tenths of them have disappeared, and in Guildhall, to consider the above questions. There were upwards of 2500 persons present. The Lord of the numerous Foundry Companies, Water Com
severe losses have been sustained by the partners. Mayor took the chair. On the hustings were Mr Alderman Wood, Mr Grote, and Sir John Key, instituted in Edinburgh seven years ago, the Na.
panies, Loan Companies, Dairy Companies, &c. &c. three of the City Members—Mr Alderman WAITH- tional Bank, Scottish Union Insurance Company, Man, the fourth, being prevented from attending by and Equitable Loan Company, are all that remain. indisposition. All the resolutions were carried with But the losses by these Joint Stock Companies are the utmost unanimity. Mr GROTE was instructed to bring a Bill into Parliament for the Ballot, tions in foreign Mining Companies, and in Foreign
nothing to those which were sustained by speculaMr Alderman Woon a Bill for the Repeal of the Stocks. For example, the present selling price of Septennial Bill, and Sir John KEY a Bill for the shares of the Anglo-Mexican Mining Company, on Repeal of the Assessed Taxes, duties which the which £100 a share has been paid, is £8; of the respective members stated they willingly undertook. Columbian Company, £48 paid, £7 ; of Real del
Both the Whig and Tory press seem alarmed at this Monte, on which £400 has been paid, £19; and " meeting, and have said every thing in their power these prices are in a great measure nominal. The
to lessen the effect it must necessarily have in the Chilian 6 per cents sell for 16, the Colombian 6 country; for they are aware it only requires to be backed by other meetings in the large towns to per cents for 10, the Peruvian the same, and the secure the passing of the above measures. It is
Spanish 5 per cents at about 15, and the payment
of the dividends on all these Stocks is for the pretherefore
very desirable that other meetings, for the same purpose, should be held without delay.
sent suspended. The distress which we have so Not
long suffered must have been aggravated by the withstanding all the attempts to throw a stigma withdrawing from the country, if not the destrueon the Vote by Ballot, its advocates are daily in- tion, of the immense capital these numerous specucreasing in numbers, and already, in all proba, lations required. There are now, however, we bility, they form a majority of the Electors in all think, symptoms to be observed of our having parts of the country. The experience which has been had of the evils of open voting, has convinced passed the lowest point of depression. The acthose on whom arguments had little force. With all favourable ; for although complaints are ge.
counts from the manufacturing districts are nearly regard to Triennial Parliaments, little difference of opinion exists as to the expediency of reverting to work is plentiful, and few if any of the workmen
nerally made of the lowness of the wages, still them, and many of the Tories profess their appro- are idle. The rise in the price of lean cattle, and bation of such a measure. It is now universally admitted, that the statute by which Septennial Par- which is also beginning to take place in butcher liaments were substituted for Triennial, was un
meat, may be considered a favourable symptom, constitutional , and that the Parliament which pas. manufacturing classes are generally out of em
for butcher meat hardly ever rises when the sed it might as well have declared their sittings
They spend their whole wages on perpetual. With regard to the mischiefs which it ployment. is anticipated would arise from more frequent elec- their living, and the butcher markets experience tions, we believe they are wholly imaginary ; more
a rise when their wages rise. When they are low especially if the electors were protected in the ex
they are forced to live on potatoes and oatmeal, ercise of the franchise by the Ballot. The experi- but whenever they get more than is necessary to ence of the United States of North America shews supply them with these articles of food, they pur. that elections, when the constituencies are much chase animal food. The grain markets are unmore numerous than they are likely to be for many doubtedly low, and have been declining since har. years in this country, may be carried on without vest. This is to be attributed to two causes ; the
abundance of the harvest which is, at the least, a the slightest disturbance, or even unusual bustle and it is likely that the more frequent they become, full average crop, and to expected changes on the they would excite less sensation, and be carried Corn Laws, which prevent all speculation in grain.
The late rise in the funds is also a favourable through with less expense to the candidates.
symptom. It may, no doubt, have arisen from STATE OF THE COUNTRY.
withdrawing funds from active employment, but It is now seven years since the mania of Joint it is much more probable that it is caused by the Stock Companies was at its height, when many investments of money which was lying in the considered the country to be in a state of high Bank of England, and in other quarters unemprosperity. But in the political, as in the natu- ployed, and which the proprietors were afraid to ral body, periods of high excitement are always invest the funds until they saw the chances of followed by periods of depression, of longer or a continental war diminished, and the result of shorter duration, or of more or less severity, in the general election. What the country princi