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4. He would ynot stand before his country, and be abused reductions. The effective, force, of this year he as a man who would give up the constitution of bis vounsaid would cost more by 17.50,000 than the forces uy, when he could say to that country, 'I did not consent time under the Wellington Administration. to this bill, but on the responsibility of those who told 'us Major Beauclerk seconded the amendment, which that Ireland could not be saved without it. If the whole was negatived. people of England could be brought within a distance to hear him, he should declare to them, that he would rather
PROPERTY TAX.-The fall of Mr. Robinson's mosuffer death than take away from the subject the right to tion, was noticed in last Register. It was trial by jury, and make him liable to be tried' by courts. Select Committee bé appointed to consider and martial, if he had not thought that such a measure was revise our existing taxation, with a view to the absolutely necessary for the safety and protection of the peo- repeal of those burdens which press most heavily ple of Ireland.”
upon productive industry, and the substitution of 3- The Duke of Buckingham said, that Lord an equitable tax on property in lieu thereof.”...; Brougham was making " April fools" of them all;
He was aware that a property-tax would press and the Duke of Buckingham spoke the truth. heavily upon men of landed estates; but they should But wbat are the people of England to think of a recollect that they would be relieved from the Asset of hereditary legislators who allow themselves sessed Taxes and the duties on Malt and Hops. to be made fools" of by a joking Chancellor ? He did not consider it fair that many men who
On Thursday, the 16th, Lord Wynford moved the lived at club-houses and possessed large fortunes second reading of his bill for amending the com- should escape direct taxation in the way they did mon law. Its object was to lessen law expenses, at present. These persons generally held money in The judges were in favour of it. Lords Eldon and the Funds, the payment of the interest on which Lyndhurst spoke against it, and it was lost. There caused so much of the existing distress. With is no basiness of any consequence to notice in the regard to the manner in which the property-tax Upper House. The Church Reform is awaiting it. should be levied- HOUSE OF COMMONS.
He should suggest a graduated tax of a per centage upon On the 25th March, Sir James Graham brought it on a graduated scale, so that a man with only L.200
realized property of every description. He would have forward the navy estimates : he refuted the charges a-year should not pay at the same rate with a man of made about the state of the dock-yarıls, and what 1.20,000 a year. He would not at present mention the is as agreeable in the present temper of the public, amount of his graduated scale, lest le should frighten the * kas reduced the estimates of the year L.220,500; L.20,000, A-year gentlemen. which with his former reductions makes a clear He by no means thought that if his motion were car
saving of L.1,211,417. This is exceedingly satis- ried against the Government they were bound to retire; but factory. Would that every department could make he trusted that they would find means to ease the burdens similar statements. Captain Yorke affirmed his of the country-to lessen the pressure, if not to diminish former 'statement, regarding deficiencies of naval the amount of taxation. stores ...?
Mr. Warburton seconded the motion. Sir E. Oodrington believed the dock-yards to be We have noticed this lost motion at some length, in a better state than' at any former period. In as it is our confident belief that to this plan, or some » speaking of naval pensions, this gentleman said, modification of it, an efficient ministry, who wishes
Mr. Croker was entided at the end of five years' to relieve the national distress and keep faith with service to retire with a pension of L.1,500 a-year. the public creditors, must come at last. The preNow on what ground could the grant of such a sent men are not yet able to screw their courage to large pension as that be justified; he did not think the sticking-place., 155 members supported the that the circumstance of that gentleman having motion, which was lost by 221 against it. Among been in the receipt of a great income when in the members who supported it, were, Mr Hume, Col, office, was any reason for giving him a large annual Torrens, Mr. Walter, Mr. D. W. Harvey. In this allowance on his retirement. But this was not all; debate, Lord Althorp thus related his experiences. he found that Miss Rosamond Croker also received | When, in 1830, he supported Mr. P. Thomson's moout of the public purseL.300 a-year.
Now, he tion for a revision of taxation, he did not vote for a would state a case to the House, to which he begged property-tax, which was no part of the proposition. to call their serious attention. It was the case of a
At the same time, he would fairly admit, that he had lady, the sister of three distinguished officers, all of on that occasion used expressions such as those Mr. Robinwhom died while engaged in the actual service of son alluded to, and had expressed himself favourable to a
pri He knew that he had stated, that though their country. She was left with the children of property.tax. one of her brothers to provide for, and she was also he was opposed to a property tax in 1816, yet subsequent
experience taught him that it miyht be adopted. He obliged to contribute to the support of an aged stated then, in 1830, that this change of opinion had been father; yet not one farthing did the Government, brought about by longer experience. But since 1830, he 1 even after repeated applications, grant to that lady, had had a great deal more experience, and experience of a ***** in consideration of the services of her gallant rela kind caloulated to take more effect on his mind than any *150* tions, until his present Majesty was appointed Lord experience he had had beforo.
*81 High Admiral, when by his kindness she was put The third business of the week, ending 30th 1 uitin possession of L.50 a year. Now, he begged to March, was the third reading of the Irish Bill, a sto put the case of tbis young lady in contrast with talk on the GAME Laws, and the introduction of a
tbat of Miss Rosamond Croker. (Cheers.) Bill by Sir Francis Vincent to amend the Law of , Mr Hume could see no use, for maintaining so Liber. large a naval force, and moved that there be a re He proposes to do away with ex officio informaduction of seamen from 27,000 to 20,000. This tions--to exempt all booksellers or publishers from ámendment and several others were lost. :
penalties for inadvertently selling a libel-to leave · On Wednesday the 27th, the army estimates were the justice of the allegations in all cases to the sole brought forward, when Mr. Humne again moved for (judgment of a Jury-to repeal that part of one of
the Six Acts which compels persons publishing hours; and tasked till the over-worked powers of newspapers to enter into bonds themselves, and to nature failed! find securities for good conduct with several other Poor Laws' FOR TRELAND.-Lord Althorp brought provisions all tending to mitigate the severity of the up certain documents emanating from the Poorlaw.
Laws Commissioners. Mr. O'Connell said,' that On Monday the 1st April, an interesting debate since he had read those documents, he felt hound took place in Committee on the Irish Church Re- to say that he must oppose the introduction of FORM BIL. Sir John Hanmer considered the Bill Poor Laws into Ireland. Mr. Richards, Sir E. a violation of the Coronation oath, and of the act Knatchbull, Mr. H. Grattan, and Colonel Well, of union; and a gross violation of the sacred rights were in favour of their introduction into Ireland, of property. He looked forward with dread to its Lord John Russell said, that Poor Laws, diresied consequences. He did not say that it would pro- of the abuses which existed in their administration duce a state of society such as that in which Arcli- in England, would be advantageous to Ireland. bishop Sharpe was murdered; but it would excite Sir R. Peel said, the whole subject must shorty a rancorous feeling, which would grieve every man come before Parliament, and he recommended that who wished well to his country:
a Commission, composed of persons of high chaMr Sheil said, the argument drawn from the fifth racter * should be appointed to inquire into the article of the Act of Union bad been relied on by condition of the Irish poor, and to report as to the Mr. Canning and refuted by Mr. Brougham. best means of relieving them, and to declare wla
The revenue of the church of Durham had lately been part of the English Poor law system might be wish applied to the establishment of a University. Was this an advantage extended to Ireland. ecclesiastical purpose ? Had mathematics any thing to do
MILITARY FLOGGING.–On Tuesday the 2d, when with mysteries, algebra with theology, chemistry with the the report of the Mutiay Bill was brought up, Church Establishment. Alchymy had indeed “converso
Mr. Hume moved the insertion of the following in pretium Deo.” This was a strong case.
clause :of the Prebends was nothing. They could not consent and bar their successors, and plunder the Corporation, if the
“ That it shall not be lawful to inflict corporal punis. principles of churchmen were well-founded.
ment, by flogging, on any private soldier, corporal, or non
commissioned officer in the Army or Militia of the United He then referred to the reign of Edward the Kingdom, within the United Kingdom, any thing herein First, and the ancient history of England, in proof contained to the contrary notwithstanding." of his argument. There were precedents at home and He was anxious to see whether Lord Althorp. abroad, in great abundance, to show, that tithes and who had voted with him on this question when ont Church lands had in all ages been diverted from of power, would support him now. On the 15th of strictly ecclesiastical purposes. It was the doctrine March 1824, he had submitted a similar proposition of the Scotch Church-of John Knox—that the to the House, and was seconded by Sir Ronald Ferpoor as well as the clergy were to be supported out
gusson. of the Church property. This was one of the grand “He now observed many gentlenien sitting on the Mmis. principles of the Reformation in Scotland.
terial benches who supported him upon that occasion What eloquent lessons does the history of that country Amongst the forty-seven members who voted for the propoe present to statesmen, if they would open their hearts to sition, were, Lord Althorp, Mr. Baring, Mr. Denison, Mr, t e philosophy which teaches by example. From 1666 to Kennedy, Lord Duncannon, Mr. Lamb, Mr. Lennard, Di. 1689, what events took place ! The efforts made by the Go. Lushington, Colonel Maberly, Mr. Phillips, Sir M. W. vernment to inflict Episcopacy on the people, who repudi- Ridley, Lord Stanley, and Sir J. Wrottesley; and the Tellers ated the imposition, produced disaster, bloodshed, insurrec were Joseph Hume and J.C. Hobhouse. (Cheers and laugh. tion, multifarious crime. The Covenant is sworn at Lanark ter.) Of course he expected all those gendemen to vote -the battle of Pentland hiils is fought--the Scotch are de- with him upon the present occasion; but he regretted that feated— 10 are hanged on the same gibbet, 35 are hanged he should not have the assistance of the late Secretary at at their own doors. Tortures follow-Macail is torment War as teller. (Laughter.), ed, and dies in a paroxysm of heroism.
He quoted from the speech of Sir John, then Mr. Factory CHILDREN.-On Wednesday the third, Hobhouse, some very strong expressions condemMr. Wilson Patten moved an address to the King natory of the practice of flogging in the Army le “ for Commissioners to collect information in the reminded the House that a slave in the Colonies manufacturing districts with respect to employment could only receive fifteen lashes, whilst a British of children in factories.” He denied that his object soldier might be subjected to 300, 500, or 1,000 lashes was to defeat Lord Ashley's Bill. But justice re He also declared, that the practice of branding with quired that both sides should be heard. The evi- gunpowder was cruel and impolitic, as tending to dence was partial and false. Several members sup- prevent reformation in the criminal. ported Mr. Wilson Patten.
Mr Lennard, Captain Berkeley, and Mr O'Connell Mr. Fielden said he was introduced in to his supported the clause. father's mill when he was only ten years old ;
Mr. R. Grant, who had undertaken the temporary that he now employed between 2,000 and 3,000 charge of the bill,could not assent to the clause, because ha persons; and that he could, both from observation found that the majority of military, men declared flogging
to be necessary and experience, bear witness to the exhaustion which the children manifested before the work was
Lord Althorp was surprised that he should have beeri done. He said the evidence of the medical men was
one of Mr. Hume's minority on the occasion alluded to.
He formerly thought, and he thought so still, that it was confirmed by his own experience; and he would
not prudent to take away the power of inflicting that pug. certainly support Lord Ashley's bill.
ishment from the officer. He should be acting in a way Mr. Wilson Patten's motion was ultimately car- quite inconsistent with his duty if he did not oppose Mr. ried by the bare majority of two; and Commission- Hume's proposition. ers are appointed; as if it really were a matter of Sir Francis Burdett, who has always spoken doubt that children of seven, eight, and ten years old should not be made to work for 12, 14, and 16 • We notied this silject in another section of the Register
against fogging, alid not so far staltify himself as to Mr. Cabbett secouded the motion. vote with Ministers upon this occasion.
Lord Althorp was sure that we should not be expected He was certain, that had Sir John Hobhouse remained to answer Mr. Faithful's speech. He was a Churchman, in office, a clause, limiving the power of flogging to ex. and Mr. Faithful a Dissenter, fle should meet the questreme cases, would have been iniroduced into the Mutiny tion with a decided negative. Bill.
Mr. Cobbeti_" The Chancellor of the Exchequer has Lord Palmerston defended the practice of fingging. declared that the House hardly expected him to answer
He 'concluded by declaring, that it would be a Mr. Faithful's speech. No-nor did I either." (Laughter, most dangerous proceeding to abolish flogging in and calls of “ Question !". the Army.
Mr. Harvey, though a Dissenter, and prepared to sup Sir Ronald Fergusson could not vote either for or port the abstrart proposition contained in Mr. Faithful's against Mr Hume's proposition.
resolution, could not agree to all its terms. He hoped the The division showed a majority of only eleven
motion would be withdrawn. for Ministers, so that humanity may rejoice in the that had fallen from Mr. l'aithful, in the course of bis
Sir Robert Inglis expressed his utter dissent from all hope that this infamous punishment is virtually half-sermon, half-speech. It was not fair in Mr. Faithful. abolished in the British army. The numbers were who was not only a Dissenter, but a licensed preacher 151 for the original motion ; 140 for Mr Hume's among that body, to attack the Church of England amendment.
Clergy, who were not permitted to be there to defend LONDON AND BIRMINGHAM RAILWAY.- This Bill themselves. was read a third time on Wednesday.
The motion was negatived without a division. It EASTER HOLIDAYS.—After the adjournment the is something that such a motion has been made. Honse met upon Monday the 15th, when the navy Savings Banks.—Lord Althorp moved the first estimates were voted, Mr. Hume saying that, as the reading of a bill to enable persons to purchase House had decided on the number of men to be em- smalt annuities through means of the Savings ployed, he would vot divide it on any of these resolu- Banks. He entered into a detail of the advantages tions. He admitted that many reductions had been which would arise from enabling poor persons, by made, but still the scale of reduction was too limited. a small monthly payment, to secure an annuity for
Church Reform.—On Tuesday 16th, Mr. Faithful life which would render them comfortable in their moved the following resolutions ;.“ That the Church old age. The peculiarity of the scheme consists in of England as by law established is not recommended providing for the return of the amount paid for the by practical utility: that its revenues have always annuity, to the representatives of the purchaser, in been subject to legislative enactments, and thus the
case of his death happening previously to his comgreater part if not the whole of these revenues ought ing into the receipt of the annuity. to be appropriated to the relief of the nation.” Mr.
The bill was read a first time. Faithful said he was by no means hostile to religion, Scotch Burgu REFORM.—Mr. Kennedy, on Tuesbut the Church was one thing, the Establishment day, in the absence of the Lord Advocate, obtained another. But he did not wish to overthrow it. leave to bring in several bills for the reform of the Let them keep their Bishops, Deans, and Arch; Royal and other Burghs of Scotland. deacons ; all he wanted was that each sect should
JEWISH DISABILITIES.- In a Committee of the support its own establishment. He would ask the House one pointed question. Was in the chair,
whole House, on Wednesday, Mr. Warburton being an establi hment like this sanctioned either directly or in. directly by our Lord Jesus Christ, or any of his apostles,
Mr. Robert Grant moved the following resoluor' was it not ? -No, it was not.
He defied any one to
tion:show that it was. He would not ask the House to believe “ That it is expedient to remove all civil disabilities at this on the evidence-incontrovertible as it was --of the present existing atleting his Majesty's subjects of the JewDissenters; but he would call to their most serious at ish religion, with the like exceptions as are provided with tention the opinions of the soundest divines of the esta reference to his Majesty's subjects professing the Roman blishment itself, beginning with that of Archdeacon Catholic religioa". Paley; wbo declares that * we find in the Christian re Mr. Grant made a shew speech in support of his ligion no'scheme of building up any Church, or of admin. resolution. Sir Robert Inglis opposed it. Messrs. istering to the particular views of any Ecclesiastical Go. Macauley, Hume, O'Connell, and Poulter supported vernment; but, on the contrary, our religion exhibits a it. The opposition was feeble and contemptible, and Such was the opinion of Paley; and Mr. Paithful would the speeches so much breath thrown away. No ask any of those Members who were conversant with man lacked conviction. The resolution was carried Scripture, if they could point out any passage in the New by a large majority. Testament which could directly or indirectly induce the
SINECURES.-On Thursday Mr, Hume moved for most distant apprehension that Jesus Christ or any of the abolition of civil and colonial sinecures, upon bis apostles contemplated such an establishment as this as the decease, or removal from any other cause, of an eligible iostitution ? Certainly not; it was never ori- | the present holders. This was carried without a ginated by our Saviour, or any disciples of the religion he division. He then moved that 110 persou in future caught.
should be appointed to an office the duties of which No one could say that it was through love of the are performed by deputy. This also was carried. Holy Ghost that young men entered the Church. A third motion, which appeared to interfere with They entered it as if it were the Army, Navy, or the right of the crown to appoint to certain offices, any other profession. It was all an affair of calcu- was withdrawn. Lord Althorp objected to it. It lation. Livings were bought and sold at noon-day. is worthy of remark, that members, admonished of As Dr. Hartley said the Clergy teach the doctrines the step they had made on Mr Hume's former moof men, and are mercbants upon earth. Mr. Faithful tion for abolishing sinecures, quietly retraced the concluded by declaring his belief, that Parliament false step. had as much right to interfere with the Church as COMMUTATION OF TITHEB.—Lord Althorp, on with the Bank.
Thursday, moved for leave to bring in a bill for
was very much exggerated. It had been asserted prenses on the various orders of the comin unity; how faria
the general commutation of titheg. Before going day the 22d instant, came on Mr Attwondo metin bieber into the question, be would state to the House the appointment of a select committee to inquire into the stated actual amount of the income of the clergy, which general distress difficulty, and embarrasiment which
same has been occasioned by the operation of our present stee latély, that church property amounted to nine mil-. tary system ; and to consider of the effects produced by fe lions per announ; nothing could be more extrava- system upon the agriculture, manufarture, and commerte af te gant than that statement. The principle of the bill United Kingdom, and tipon the rondition of the industries is the perpetual commutation of tithes, both cleri- productive classes.
Lord Althorp' said he was glad that the metion had been cal and lay, for a corn-rent. During the term of brought forward. The question in reality was, whether they one year from the passing of the bill, the tithe were prepared to stand by the systein in which all contractatai payer and the tithe-receiver may agree upon the been inade for so many years. (Cheers.) The has. Neeker amount of the equivalent. Though the commuta- had been clear enough in condemning the mapetary appestion is to be perpetual, the actual amount of it in but he was not distinct enough in pointing out his roles. As
an amendment Lord Althorp moved, that all the perde money is to be regulated by the price of corn, the
after “ that" he left out; and that the following Farde beisaverages of which are to be taken regularly by the verted :-" That it is the opinion of this House, that us altera Magistrates at Quarter-Sessions.
tion in the monetary system of the country. that should tre The BUDGET.-On Friday the 19th Lord Althorp the effect of lowering the standard, would be highly inesp
dient and dangerous.“ (Great cheering.) produced his plan of finance for the year. In an
Mr. Grote, in rising to second the amendment, said that the other section are noticed the opinions entertained honourable member for Whitebaven (Mr. Auwon!) had bad of it. There we explain in what it consists. Lord much stress on the great suffering that particular interest : Althorp having an estimated surplus revenue of the country were at present labouring under ; but there sos L.1,577,909, proposes to take off
was a period of the history of this country that some particle:
interesis were not depressed. He could not, with ans approved 1. Tiles-Whole duty taken off
L.37.000 to integrity, sanction this principle. 2. Marine Insurance-Estimated diininution 100.000 The Speaker having read the original motion ied the . Advertisements-ditto.
75,000 ment, 4. Assessed Taxes-Reduction of House and Window Mr. Cobhett, who was loudly and generally called for, asid, Duty on Shops
244,000 he should certainly vote for the motion of the honourable sa 5. Cotton-Reduction of additional duty imposed in her for Whitehaven, altbough he by no means agtered with the 1831
300,000 view of that honourable member as to the curredey. The be 6. Suap Half the present duty
593,000 ourable meinber now only asked for a comunittee to isgate ist
the distress of the country, and the cause of that distress and
L. 1.349,000 whether the change in the value of money had any ezect in proEstimated return on soap
293, 000 ducing it. For this inquiry he (Mr. Cobbert) we prepared to
vote. What could be a bitter subject for inquiry? It ra to? Probable Loss to Revenge
L.1,056,000 that either the taxes must be cut down or money must be paid Surplus for year ending, 1834
1,572,000 up. Now, he was for cutting down the taxes. The rate of the
bill of 1926 was not yet at an eod, and whoever looks at Estimated Surplus after the above reductions L.516,000 progress of things cannot fail to see that the middle classes a
This surplus was smaller than it had been usual to calculate fast approaching to the state of the lower. His (Mr. Cobber:') upon; but the principle which guided him was to carry the in which it was in 1792, when this country was in the greates
great object was to have every thing brought back to that state reduction of taxes to the greatest practicable extent.
state of happiness notwithstaoding, ibat a most expensive and taxes were repealed, the House 'must see, if public credit were still to be preserver, that other taxes must be substituted for would scarcely believe hiin.
disastrous war had shortly before been coučlud.d. The Hous them. He would not detain the Counmittee any longer, but
Mr. Richards should vote for the motion. would move the first resolution--that the duty on tiles should
Mr. Forster said, that, although he shoald vote against the man beaceforth cease to be paid. Mr. Huune could not deny that Lord Althorp, as far as he had inqniry into the present situation of the country. (Her:)
tion before the House, he would yet support any motion x 2 gone, had done well. He was sorry that he had not gone fur. ther. for the country would not be satisfied with the amount of
Mr. P. Thompson said the simple questioa before the bene relief bestowed. There was a great pressure for the total repeal
was depreciarion or na depreciation ? (Hear..) of the house and window tax. There would have been no great shew that, from the condition of the principal do ens
• Mr P. Thompson made a long speech tending te lose to the revenue by taking off 10s. per quarter on malt,double the quantity would be consumed. The reduction upon in the empire, the alleged distress did not exist
. advertisements would have been better if it had been less com. This debate was adjourned to Tuesday, and again plex. If the duty were reduced to ls. 6d. upon adyertisen till Wednesday, and only closed at three o'clock on still further reduced. He was of opinion that a general commutation of taxes, and the substitution of a property-tax, was
was 304, minority 49. This vote has we believe the best tbing that could ye done to relieve the distresses of the given general satisfaction, every one feeling the country:
danger of again tampering with the currency. A Sir Robert Peel thought that the reductions had been much larger minority was expected. carried to a greater extent than was prudenten Mr. A. Baring disapproved of this plan of relieving the Mr. Grote's motion for the Ballot at elections. He
The BALLOT.-On Thursday the 25th, came on, country, by taking off taxes. Mr. Pitt bad acted upon a wiser principle, at the close of the American war, when he added to opened the debate in a very able speech, going over the taxes constantly for the succeeding ten years. If the plan every argument in favour of this mode of voting of raising money for a sinking-fund bad been adhered to, there From its adoption, he contended, that no harm would have been a great reduction of debt effected.
ty != Nita Mr. Robinson thought that the L.500,000 surplus should be
* Fear not," he said, “ that the rich man who employed applied to a further reduction of taxes. The reductions would have been better had they been applied more to the relief of
wealth and leisure as they onght to be employalizele productive industry:
vating his own mental character, and in affording conspiLord Sandon, Mr. Sinclair, Mr. Slaney, and Nir. Ewart, sug cuous evidence of active virtue--fear not that such a man gested several alterations in the stomp duties, which presser should lose one particle of influence by means of the ballpe. heavily on the people; and Mr. Sinclair also wished a tax to be His standard was planted in the interior of men's bosoms; levied upon every species of property for reducing the whole or
his ascendency was as sure and operative in the dark as in part of ihe principal of the Debt.
} banj Lord Althorp's resolution was agreed to.
This is the High-Tory Attwood, the brother of the Radios as. INQUIRY INTO THE DISTRESS OF THE COUNTRY.-On Mon.
wood, the member for Birmingham : though on this point they, in cominon with other forles and Whigs, are of one inind.
She light; his admonitions and recommendations needed no hon, member on the other side of the House, some coercive power to ensure attention. (Hear, hear.) And sessions ago, had divided the House on a similar what harm would ensué, if that coarser and baser influence, question to the present, and he, (Lord Althorp,) ou which could not exist without coercive force, were suppress that occasion, had certainly divided in favour of ed and extirpated altogether? What'harm, if the worth the ballot; and on every other occasion be had ex. less and unfurnished minds, who now dictated their commands to expectant and timorous dependants, were compela pressed himself in favour of the adoption of this led to restrict their ascendency within the narrower limits mode of voting; but at the same time he must be of persuasion and good will ? (Cheers.) He maintained allowed to say that he had never in any instance that not only no harm would ensue, but very great good, urged it as the sine qua non of good representation, ein this, as well as in other ways; that it would so ma.
Dr. Lushington made an able speech for the moterially strengthen the motive for men of wealth and sta- tion. Mr. Cobbett and O'Connell supported the tion to extend their knowledge, and to enlarge their sphere motion, and Sir Robert Peel spoke against it. The of active virtue. As matters stood now, 'a man's influence House divided; 105 of a majority against the mowas in the ratio of his property. (Hear.) Whether his tion; only 317 members being present. The thin, character were good or bad, whether his capacity were vastness of the House when a question of such vital or limited, in either case his power over the comforts of importance was discussed has provoked severe apiothers, and his consequent means of perverting their votes, madversion. was equal. So long as he could thus command their votės, he had no motive to earn their esteem and admiration.
Malt DUTIES.-On Friday the 26th, T. W. Ingilby (Cheets. But if their votes were rendered free instead of brought forward his motion to reduce the duty on sei vile_genuine instead of simulated—then he could only malt from 20s. 8d. to 10s. He was strenuously sup-. hope to obtain them by really deserving them; then would ported by the landed members; and Lord Althorp, he have a powerful motive to attract to himself those heart on the division, found himself in a minority of ten, felt sentiments, from whence alone free spoken votes pro- and his ways and means farther curtailed L. 2,000,000! ceeded; then would he be stimulated to enrich his own This result took the members of the Government, mind with those commanding acquirements, without which who were present, by surprise. he could scarcely aspire to be useful to his country at large. Lord Althorp said, whatever were the motives of The question had been started, whether an uneducated the mover, the result would seriously embarrass gentry were not the greatest of all national evils ? Cer. Ministers. But, after the decision had been against tainly, if not the greatest, they were among the greatest of bim, notwithstandiog the majority was not very national evils; nor was the counterpart of the proposition less true, that a gentry well educated, and of enlarged sym- large, he should feel ashamed of himself if he were pathies with the people, were among the foremost of all capable of making any opposition to carrying innational blessings. Ile was sure that the most effectual to effect the resolutions of the House. (Cheers.) way of assuring, and perpetuating to themselves that bless The question was then put and carried, that the ing would be to render the vote of an elector inaccessible malt tax be reduced to 10s. per quarter, to all coercion, vand attainable only by those who should Lord Althorp moved that the committee of suphave earned his genuine esteem. (Hear, hear.) This was ply be deferred till Monday, the only prize which could stimulate the listlessness, or soften 'the natural pride, of one whose wealth placed him EAST INDIA COMPANY-Mr. Grant's scheme for above the communion of his fellow men ; and by rendering renewing the East India Company's Charter has the suffrage 'secret, lock this precious prize in a casket, which could neither be stolen by frand, nor ravished by this to recommend it, that the country is satisfied, tyranny; reserved it in the inmost sanctuary, as a free-wiń and the monopolists cry out. The leading terms offering to ascertained merit, and as a stimulus to all no- of the renewal are, that the China trade be ble aspirations. If he had no other ground to ask for the thrown open; that the Company's property, terriballot, be would ask it on this that it was the only school, torial and commercial, be 'assigned
to the Crown master of a frivolous and self-indulgent aristocracy. , In conclusion, he would say, that if they possessed the power for the benefit of the territorial Government of of breathing into English voters a new heart and spirit, so India. The Company to retain its political functhat they should become insensible to all the threats and tions, and the Directors the sole patronage, civil temptations of the private seclucer, and open only to the ad, and military, as at present. monitions of those who came to guide their rational and conscientious preference--if they could operate this great
Every British subject to have the right of going moral improvement in the bosons of the voters themselves, to and settling at either of the Presidencies, withwould they not eagerly hasten to do it without a moment's out licence ; but the right of going into, trading, delay? He knew that human power reached not so far as
or settling in the interior, to be subject to such that; but he knew that the ballot would go near to ac- restraints and regulations as the local Government complish the same end not, indeed, by rectifying all the moral infirmity of the votor, but by breaking the force of might require. those seductions which would otherwise overpower it. This The Board of Control to have the right of alterwas all that they can do with respect to the frailties and ing despatches; and, on the refusal of the Court liabilities of our common nature; they could not altoge- of Directors to send them out, to have the power thert eradicate them, but they might circumscribe their Tunge and coulterivork their efficacy; they might disarm of sending out such despatches themselves. and beat off those ministers of evil who strove to take ad The appointment of Governors to remain, as at vantage of them. They could not render a man invulnera- présent, with the King. The veto still to continue ble, but they might at least enable him to walk unhurt, with the Court of Directors. " Sir W. Ingilby seconded the motion. The Earl The Directors object, in the most earnest manof Darlington, Mr. Petre, Major Fancourt, and Lord ner, to the loss of the China trade ; and there is, Althorp spoke against the motion. His candid altogether, great grumbling. Lordship was again in one of his dilemmas. He observed, that he felt himself placed in rather an
Mr. Grant, in a communication, declares, that awkward dilemma by the vote which he should he was bound to say, frankly and fairly, that Mithink it his duty to give against this motion. Anl We refer to our postscript of latest news, for the result,