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make his destruction sure. The shot entered under the house, in Woburn Place, in his sixty-ninth year. As a lest jaw, and came out behind the left ear, and eventually public man, few have left behind them a more unsullied lodged in the ceiling of the bouse. The young woman is character than Mr. Waithman. As a Common Council. still living, and hopes aro entertained of her recovery. man, Alderman, and lastly as a Member of the House of

Commons, his conduct, though occasionally betokening

some waywardness and want of discernment, was uniformly TRADE.

manly and independent. The citizens of London proved The Wool and WOOLLEN Trades. These trades, so int- their regard for his worth by the honourable station to mately connected together, are in a state of much activity, and which they raised him on the poll at the last election. It we hape, of prosperity, though the manufacturers are compelled to put ap with a low rate of profit. The work-people is proposed that a monument should be erected to his mein the woollen districts of Yorkshire are generally well em- mory by public subscription. ployerl; the mills are in pretty full work, and the domestic

SUDDEN DEATH.- The Rev. James Keith, minister of manufacturers have been selling as many goods as they make, as the United Associate Congregation at Fala, officiated in his is proved by the state of the Leeds and Huddersfield Cloth- usual health on Sunday, the 17th, and was a corpse on balls. Within the last two or three months a considerable ad- Wednesday. The cause of his death, we understand, was vance has taken place in the price of the raw material. Low the bursting of a blood vessel. Mr. Keith has been upEnglish wools have risen about 10 per cent., and the finer qua- waris of forty years pastor of the congregation which now lities have also experienced some advance, though not to the

mourns his loss. same extent, Foreign wools have risen from 10 to 15 per cept.

Earl Fitzwilliam died at a very advanced age, at the The cotton trade in Lancashire is exceedingly brisk.

seat of his son, Lord Milton, near Peterborough. He is succeeded by Lord Milton, who is thug one of the Peers.

At his residence, Bedford Cottage, near this town, John PROVISION MARKETS.

O'Keefe, the dramatic author.

In 1828, his health apEDINBURGH, Feb. 20.-Beef, per lb. 3d. to 6d., Mutton, 5d. peared declining, and ever having had a strong predilection to 7d., Veal, 8d. to 1s., Pork, 4d. to 6d., Lamb, per qr. 10s for Devonshire, he removed westward for the purpose of to 158., Tallow, per cut. 38s. to 405., Hides, per stone, 5s, 6:1. reaching, by easy stages, Sidmouth, or the neighbourhood of to os., 'Calf skins, per lb 6d to 6 d , Sheep skins, 2s. fid. to Exeter ; but, on arriving at Southampton, it became ap5s. Lamb skins, 9d. Quartern Loaf, 8d to 91, Potatoes, per peck, 4.1., Fresh butter, per !h. 101. to Is., Salt do. per cwl. 70s. to parent that a journey of 30 miles was a sufficient trial of his 80s , Do. do. per 16. 91. to 10d., Cheese, Danlop, 42s. to 52s., strength. Here he took up his abode, and here he remained Common, 42s., Eggs, per dozen, 8d.

His in-door amusements con

till the day of his death. EDINBURGH CORK MARKET, Feb. 27.-We had a large sisted of hearing the daily and weekly newspapers, magasupply of all kinds of grain to-day, and sales heavy, particularly zines, and other publications; and, during the last thirteen for peas and beans. One parcel of barley, weigning 57 ib. per years, the whole of Sir W. Scott's novels, read to him, boshel, nett measure, brought 35. ; Anel oats for seed sold at with the exception of four or five of the latter. On the 23ś. 4d. per quarter ; beans for seed also brought 31s. Wheat mention of his own Cowslip, in “the Agreeable Surprise," 430 grs., best 60s., current 48s. to 56* .; barley, 202 quarters which occurs twice in the “ Tales of My Landlord,” he best 35s., current 288. to 33. ; oats, 856 quarters, best 23. 41. smiled silently, and was gratified ; but when spoken of by current 175. to 208. ; peas and beans, 53 quarters, best 31s.,

name in “ St. Ronan's Well," he looked evidently black and current 278 en 293. Wheat, first 60x., second 52 s., third 44.; barley, first 358., second 32.., third 25s. ; Oats, first 239. 411.; displeased. The words are, “ from Shakspeare to O'Keefe.” Acond 204., third 149. ; pens, first 31s., second 28s., third 258. ;

“Ha!” he said, “ the top and bottom of the ladder; he wans, first 31s., recond 28, third 25% Average of wheat, might have shoved me a few sticks higher." O'Keefe was L2. Ils. 10bd.; do. barley, L. 1, 8s. 24d. ; do. oats, 19s. 4d. ; 86 years old. do. pease and beans, L. A, 88. 2d.

The once celebrated singer, Elizabeth Mara, (whose CATTLE MARKET.-This morning there was a full supply of maiden name was Schemling, of Cassel,) died at Reyal, on beasis; and there being still a very great demand, they sup: Jan. 20, in the 84th year of her age. ported last week's prices. The best quality sold at from 78. 6d. LORD EXMOUTH.-We have to announce the death of to 8s. 31. per Dutch stope, to sink the offal ; inferior cattle, of which there were a great number, brought from 6s. to 6s. 6.1. Lord Exmouth, Vice-Admiral of England, in the 67th year per do., and all sold off.-Sheep sold from 1s. 6d. to 25. a

of his age, at his house at Teignmouth. His relation, the hend higher than last market day, and were all sold off early.

Rev. Edward Pellew, Dean of Norwich, had only arrived Glasgow.-Bazaar, Feb. 20.

In the Bazaar to-day there in time to take his sorrowing stand by the death-bed on was abont 600 stones of cheese; best sold at 93. 6d. to 10s., and which the most honoured hero of the British Navy, and a ordinary 8s 6d. to 6s. a-stone. Fresh butter 60 stone, 11d. to man the most amiable in all the social endearments of do12d- per Iba Salt ditto, 40; which sold from 7d. to 8d. per mestic life, was closing his last scene. His Lordship had imperial lb. Fresh Pork from 6s. to 6s. 6d. a stone Hens sold been for a considerable time suffering under severe illness; from 3s. to 4s. A couple, Turkeys from 6s. 6d. to 78. per do in the first stage of which he became quite delirious, and Eggs 6d. 7d. and 8d. a dozen.

was wholly engrossed with the idea that he was then enga29 SOTTO

ged in fighting the Dutch fleet. 1. SCOTS BANKRUPTS.

· BIRTHS. Ferguson and Fairlie, calico printers at Milncroft, near Glas In Charlotte Square, on the 1st February, the Lady of the Lord gow.

Justice Clerk, of a son. John Kirkwood and Co. wrights and builders in Calton of At Friern Watch, near London, on the 27th January, the Lady of Glexow.

James Wilson, Esq., advocate, and, of Lincoln s Inn, barrister, of William Meek, builder, Stockbridge, Edinburgh.

At the Mange of Jedburgh, on tne 3d ultimo, Mrs Purves, of a son, Robert Lamb, Merchant, Edinburgh.

On the Sith ultimo, Mrs Rose, 96, George Street, of a son. James Knox, saduler, harness-maker, and ship-owner, Stone

On the 29th ultimo, at 3, Regent Terrace, Mrs Marshall, of a son. haven.

On the 24th ultimo, at Clapham Commou, the Lady of Mark S.

Stewart, Esq. of a daughter. James Fraser, builder, Stonehaven.

At Rockville, East Lothian, on the 24th ultimo, the lady of Captain * James Young, house-carpenter, Stonehaven.

Bruce, R.N., of a son. George Duncan, junior, cabinetmaker and npholsterer, Glas At 43, George Square, on the 24th ultimo, Mrs Mackenzie, of a gow.

daughter. Peter Couper, writer to the signet, builder, and fire and life-daughter.

At Coates Crescent, on the 26th ultimo, Mrs Graham Spiers, of a insurance broker, residing in Edinburgh.

At the Manse of Newtyle, on the 23d ultimo, Mrs Moon, of a son.

On the Ab ultimo, at Slough, the lady of Sir John Herschel, K, H.,

of a son. OBITUARY.

At Richmond Lodge, Portobello, on the 7th instant, Mrs M. Sten. house, of a son.

At 39, London Street, on the 20 instant, Mrs Andrew Scott, The City of London laments the death of Mr. Alderman daughter. Waithman. He expired on Wednesday, the 13th, at his

At the Manse of Kirkliston, on the 1st instant, Mrs Tait, of a daughter.


At 10, Warriston Crescent, on the ed instant, Mrs Colonel Bogle, o At 18, St James' Square, on the 17th ult, William Macker.te, 14. a daughter.

late of Calcutta. At 9, Fettes Row, on the 2d inst., Mrs Marshall, of a son

At her house, 33, Abercromby Place, on the 29th ultimo, Mix la Ats, Warriston Crescent, on the 9th instant, the Lady of Captain das. Robert Campbell, 46th regiment, of a son.

At 23, Howard Place, on the 27th ultimo, in his 18th year, Pier At Outerston, on the 12th instant, Mrs Hunter of a son. At Kinblethmont, on the 14th instant, Lady Jane Lindsay Carnegie, Beacecldest son of Major George Dads, late of the 1st loot, of a son. At Leith, on the 13th instant, Mrs. William Dudgeon, of a daugh. of John Tait, Esq. advocate, aged six years,

On the 31st ult. at 1, Melville Street, Susan Anne, eldest dangt ter.

At 15, St Ann Street, Stockbridge, on the ult. tbe Rer. Wir At Bernard Street, Leith, on the 21st inst., Mrs T. Hutchison, of a M Gregor Stirling, minister of Port of Monteith, son.

At Linlithgow, on the 27th ult, Miss Agnes Sim. At 36, India Place, on the 15th instant, Mrs Dunlop of Clober, of a At Daviot House, on the morning of Friday, the 25th ultimo, e daughter.

78th year, the Hon Angus Mackintosh of Mackintosh, 25th Chi At the Admiralty, London, on the 15th instant, the Lady of the that ilk, and 20th chief and Captain of Clan Chattan. Right Honourable Sir James Graham, Bart., of twins, a son and a At Kilmarnock, on the 27th ultimo, Mr Joseph Barfoot, ci Loodo daughter.

aged 62. At Buchanan Street, Glasgow, on the 18th inst., the Lady of Major. At the Manse of Garvald, on the 20th ult. Margaret Hay, wife of the General Agnew Wallace, of a son.

Rev. Dr Sangster, minister of Garvald.

At Muswell Hill, ucar London, on the 31st ult. Agnes, wife of At Dunfermline, on the 25th ultimo, John Kirk, Esq, younger of

muel R. Block, Esq. Transy, to Janet, daughter of the late Rev. James Black, Dundee

At 9, Hill Place, on the 3d February, Mary, only daughter of 4! At Broadmeadows, Selkirkshire, on the 25th ultimo, William Ber.

James Cruickshank, surgeon, aged eighieen months

At the Manse of Bower, Caithness, on the 31st ultimo, aged 15 tram Evans, Esq., eldest son of John Evans, Esq., of Hertford Street, May Fair, London to Jane, third daughter of John Boyd, Esq., of Smith, greatly beloved for her mild and attectionate disputes, a

and nine months, Anna Maria, eldest daughter of the Rev. WE Broad meadows. St Andrews, James Kidd, Esq. Kinross, to Margaret, eldest daughter Evan Macpherson, aged 83. At Wester Pitscottie, on the 21st ultimo, by the Reverend Dr Buist, deeply regretted by her friends and by all who knew ber.

On the 14th ultimo, in Albemarle Street, London, Anne, wife d Wr of the late Robert Tod, Esq. At Glasgow, on the 25th Jan., Mr Hugh William Patrick, merchant, Brucklay.

At Croydon, Surrey, on the 21st ultimo, John Dingwal, LEN Glasgow, to Jane, eldest daughter of the late Mr John Ranken, merchant, Glasgow.

Here, on the 1st curt. Mr George Stillie, bookseller, At Glasgow, on the 29th Jan., John Stewart, Esq; of Gabrochill

, mand, wife of Henry Richards, Esq. solicitor of stamps.

At Hailes House, near Edinburgh, Marguerite Adelaide Le Br writer in Glasgow, to Elizabeth, daughter of the late Richard Morris, Esq., merchant Glasgow.

At Fisherror, on the z6th ultimo, Lieutenant James Brosule, la At Carron, upon the 5th instant, by the Rev, Mr Bonar, Mr James

of the royal artillery drivers. Campbell, Carron, to Mary, eldest daughter of Mr John Carmichael, rose, minister of that parish, in the 75th year of his age and 16th cr

On the 29th Jr., at the Manse of Prestonpans, the Rer. Dr Fra Carron.

ministry. At Kirkaldy, on the 5th instant, the Rev. Thomas Smith Goldie, minister of Coldstream, to Jane Giliosh, eldest daughter of Daniel Mor. only daughter of the late 'William Wemyss, Esq. WS.. agal 6l.

On the 1st current, at Raebank, Selkirk, Margaret Robina Woy gan, Esq. Kirkaldy. At Clarence Street, on the 30th ultimo, by the Rev. Henry Grey, Brigadier General Robert Anstruther.

At Balcaskie, on the 31st ult., Mrs Anstruther, widor of the latz, the Rev. William G. Crosbie, of Parton, to Jane, daughter of the late

At 11, Howe Street, on the 10th instant, Joha Tbertura, E. Rev. James Rae, minister of the same parish.

S.S.C. At Bonnington House, on the 31st ultimo, Charles John Robinson,

At 28, Great King Street, on the morning of the chiestant, in Esq. on, Paris, to Janette, second daughter of the late Matthew Wilkie, Esq. of Bonnington.

Barbara Chieslie, relic of the deceased William Forbes, Ex; wid, a At Tannadice House, on the 31st ult, David Williamı Balfour, Esq.,

the afternoon of the same day, Miss Ann Chieslie, both decades a son of Lieutenant.Colonel Balfour, 82 regiment, to Mary, daughter of the late Rex: John Chieslie, minister of Corstorphine

At her house, St Cuthbert's Glebe, on the 4th current, Vis isteta Charles Ogilvy, Esq. of Tannadice.

Duncan. At Morris Place, Glasgow, on the 25th ult. John Stewart, Esq. of

At 39, Lauriston Place, on the 11th current, Marshall, son Mr Gabrochill, writer, Glasgow, to Elizabeth, daughter of the late Richard Morris, Esq. Merchant, Glasgow.

Thomas Clapperton, aged 14 months. « On the 7th instant, Captain J. R. Hay, younger of Seggieden, to

At Lanark, on the 26th ultimo, Mary, eldest daughter of Mr Joern Margaret Lothian Douglas, second daughter of the late Colonel Inglis.

Buchanan, of the Clydesdale Hotel, On the 14th instant, Mr Alexander Bain, West Bow, to Miss Adam.

At Leith, on the 29th ultimo, Catherine Schaw, wife of Beers son, daughter of the late Mr Andrew Adamson, Lawnmarket.

Mathie, baker. Here, on the Ilth instant, Mr William Mackenzie, late merchant,

At Bowerhouses, on the 25th ult. Miss Murray. Thurso, to Jessie, third daughter of the late George Douglas, Esq. She

At Selkirk, on the lst instant, Mrs Dr Rutherford of Middie

At 10, George Street, on the ioth instant, Dr. Alexander Tops riff.Clerk for the county of Caithness.

surgcon. At Hillend, on the 12th instant, by the Rev. Dr Fleming, Jamef

At Edinburgh, on the 10th curt, Master Willam Thorngea. Ber. Christie, Esq., of the Madras Army, to Martha, youngest daughter o the late James Reoch, E«q, of West Camber.

man of Mansfield, son of the late William Thomson Hatyaan, s. At St Margaret's Church, Westminster, on the 12th instant, Richard

dvocate, Sanderson, Esq., of Belgrave Square, M.P., to Charlotte Matilda Man.

Here, on the 17th instant, the Rev. Alexander Lang, rector of the

Circus Place School, ners Sutton, eldest daughter of the Right Honourable Charles Marsners Sutton, the Speaker of the House of Commons.

At Lanark, on the 20th inst., suddenly, and in the prime d life. At St Lucia, on the 29th December last, George Birrell, Esq of the

John Crce, third son of John Cree, Esq., Dean of Guild. Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, provincial Chief Justice of

Near Thankerton, about midnight, between the 19th and oth for the Royal Court, and senior member of his Majesty's Legislative Coun- M'Lady, Supervisor of Excise, Lanark.

on his return from Peebles, where he bad been doing duty, Mr Inn cil of that island, to Lucy, eldest daughter of the Hon. Charles Chip

A more meritorings die chase, member of his Majesty's Council and Comptroller of the Customs

never bore his Majesty's cominission, a more universalis beloved

tleman never mingled in society. He left home on Monday na in that island. At her father's house, on the 14th instant, John Duncan, Esq.,

in his usual state of health, which for some time bad been delicate, H.E.I.C.S., to Margaret, eldest surviving daughter of Mr James Mit. by a fatal shock of paralyis, while on horseback. He was a rear

was found on the road almost liteless. It is thought he had been cut chell, Spittal.

temperate man. At Si George's Church East, London, on the 30th ult., H. S. Fol. jambe, Esq. of Retford, Nottinghamshire, to Helen, daughter of Mr Right Hon. the Lord Provost.

Here, on the 13th instant, Thomas Learmonth, youngest son of the Donald Coutts, Oakwood Cottage, Ballater, Aberdeen, At 7, Hunter Square, on the 15th inst., by the Rev. Dr Macknight, daughier of the deceased Patrick Robertson, Esq.

At her house, 36, Castle Street, Miss Eleanora Robertson, ekies Mr William Mackintosh, painter, to Johan, eldest daughter of Mr At her house, 29, South Frederick Street, op the 10th instant, Via Alex. Black, surgeon, Edinburgh.

M. Patton.
At her house, 63 George Street, on the 19th ultimo, Mrs Janet Sin.

At his mother's house, 41, George Strect, on the 15th inst, Mr Jatne

Chambers, bookseller, 48, Hanover Strect, aged 25, much regretted into clair, relict of the Honourable William Bailie of Polkemmet, one of all who knew him. the Senators of the College of Justice, and sister of the Right Hon. At 30, St James' Square, Edinburgh, on the 15th current, Mr ourable Sir John Sinclair of Ulbster Bart. At No. 19, Young Street, on the 15th current, Mr John Wardlaw, regretted.

Aitken, late editor of Constable's Miscellany, &c., much and deep bookseller, to Mary, eldest daughter of Archibald Smith, Esq., accout At Easterhouse, Lanarkshire, on the 14th current, Mrs Mary Sirena ant.

wife of David Paton, Esq. architect, Edinburgh, On the 18th ultimo, in Pilrig Street, aged 26, Charles Richardson, At Kirkcudbright, on the oth curt., Mrs Alison Emith, rdict of Vi fourth son of William Glen Richardson Johnston, Esq., of the Cres. John Baird, of the Customs there. cent, Perth.

At Madeira, on the 9th ult, Mrs Maitland Margill of Rankek On the 25th ultimo, at 12, Abercromby Place, Fdinburgh, Miss At his residence, Bedford Cottage, near Hants, John O'ket, kr Campbell, daughter of the late James Campbell, Esq., of Blyths. dramatic author. wood.

At Brighton, the Honourable Sir Charles Leslie, Bart, ellest On the 25th ultimo, Mrs Margaret Ramsay, wife of Thomas Ram.

of the late sir Lucas Pepys and Elizabeth Jane. Countess of Rocke say, Esq. 133, Prince's Street.

At Bristo Port, on the 25th ultimo, Andrew Hunter, jun.

At Inveresk; on the 21st ultimo, Mary Hughes, spouse of Mr Tho. mas Hughes, aged 55.

EDINBURGH : Printed by and for Joun JouSSTONE, 19, SL JAME At Dundee, on the 24th ultimo, Alexander Pitcairn, Esq. of Pratis.

Square.-Published by John ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, 55, Sort On the 21st ultimo, at Ardchattan Priory, Argyllshire, Mrs. Clarke,

Bridge Street, Edinburgh ; by Jour MACLEOD, and ATKINSON widow of the late Andrew Clarke, of Comric, Esq.

Booksellers, Glasgow, and sold by all Booksellers and Venian At Gilasgow, on 29th ultimo, of typhus fever, Mr James Smyth, sur

Cheap Periodicals, geon, Argyll Street.

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No. 8.-Vol. II.



most valuable improvement in the bill, as the power of for. cible entry was the one most likely to be abused.

By the eighteenth clause, persons found from home at AFTER a precious month lost in the discussion

night in disturbed districts are only to be apprehended where of Mr. Stanley's Irish Coercion Bill, which the there appear to be grounds for suspecting that they are out Irish members, and a few of the Independent Par- for some illegal purpose. ty battled at every point, this measure, the beauty No district is to be proclaimed merely because the tithes of which, according to its friends, consisted in its are not paid in it, and Ministers have determined to bring severity, and violent departure from the Constitu- in a bill which will render the collection of the tithe ar

rears unnecessary. tion, goes back to the Peers, so maimed and de

The Habeas Corpus Act is not to be suspended. The formed, the Tories think,—so properly cut down, bill only provides that a person arrested under this Act and unfanged, according to the Independents,

shall not for three months from the day of his arrest be enthat it is probable neither Lord Brougham and titled to be removed by writ of Habeas Corpus to have his

fase examined by a judge ; but at the expiration of the Earl Grey, nor yet the Earls of Wicklow, Roden, three months the party so arrested can claim, as a right, to Eldon, or Ellenborough, can recognise it as the be brought before a judge by a writ of Habeas Corpus. offspring of their own wisdom and energy; and

This is a very different measure from that that the latter Peers may wholly disown it. The brought forward by Earl Grey, and so eagerly Ministers had said a little too much about standing adopted by every Tory Peer. That it will be effior falling by this and their Church Reform Bill; but cient for the purposes proposed is exceedingly from the force of public opinion, the petitions that doubtful; but that it has brought much odium and came in, and the remonstrances of many members suspicion upon the Whig Government there is no of Parliament, upwards of two hundred of whom doubt. It is seen that Earl Grey and Lord Al. waited upon

Lord Althorp, the Coercion Bill, be- thorp, both of them deplorably ignorant of the fore being sent into the Committee, was rendered state of Ireland, and primed for an object they did much less obnoxious by their voluntarily abandon- not comprehend, have lent themselves to the suping some points, and modifying others. It is, in port of a measure, from which its framers recoil, fact, so changed, that a Tory member, Captain and to the attempted perpetration of an injury on Yorke, said it was now only fit to be burnt, a mo- constitutional principles, for which there was not tion which O'Connell declared he would gladly se even the plea of necessity. For if the worst procond. The following are the principal altera- visions of their Bill were no more than was necestions :

sary to the suppression of disturbance in Ireland, In the Court-martial clause, it is provided that no officer why give them up ? and, if unnecessary, why have of lower rank than a captain shall sit on a court-martial;

proposed “this arbitrary, despotic, severe, and that officers on duty in the disturbed districts, and whose

cruel bill !"* feelings and passions may be supposed to be excited, shall not be allowed to try prisoners; that where the court con

Before noticing the other Parliamentary busisists of nine members, seven must concur in the verdict, and ness of the month, we must sketch the progress of where it consists of less than nine, at least five must con- this Bill, premising that the minorities began with cur; that the courts shall not have the power of interfering 89, and rose to 130 on the last divisions. To the in any tithe process, or civil cause whatsoever; and that they Orange Irish Members, and English Tories, Minshall not have the power of inflicting either death or corporal punishment of any kind; or of irying persons charged isters owed their large majorities. The debate, on with seditious libels or political offences. The crimes to the first reading lasted, by adjournment, for five be tried before them will be principally such as are attend- days. On the worst clauses of the Bill we quotu ed with violence ; and the courts are in all cases to be O'Connell. He said, open. In the Domiciliary-Visit clause, the persons visiting It had been said by speculative writers, that the Civil List

The Act, in the first place, took away the Trial by Jury. houses during the night to ascertain whether the inhabi. tants are at home, are not to have the power of forcible

was voted, the taxes raised, the army and navy maintained,

and both Houses of Parliament assembled, all but in order entry. If the persons summoned are at home they are to show themselves, and if no answer, or an evasive one is re

that twelve men might get into a jury-box, with a judge to turned, it is to be presumed that they are absent ; but in guide them, at perfect liberty to adjudicate upon life and neither case are the police to have the power of entering

property. the house against the wish of the inmates. This is the Speech of Lord Morpeth, in support of the Bill !

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“ The Constitution, therefore, is at at an end; for this rules her with uncontrolled power. Wo to the man Act utterly annihilates Trial by Jury. I can never believe will dare to sneer or smile at him! Three ensigns mat. that the noble Lord opposite (Althorp) so long the represen- der this bill, convict any man." tative of the popular Nobility, and the link of confidence He mentioned several cases of atrocity which had otra and regard between them and the People whose unaffected in Ireland during the Rebellion, when martial-law a simplicity of heart and manner endears him to all, while it force, and declared that he expected similar or vores sheds a grace even upon his high dignity of rank-I will ceedings now. He maintained that by the 16th Setia never believe that he has consented to this assassination of the act, any Englishman might be taken to Ireland and the Constitution.” (Cheering.)

by the Courts-martial there. Nothing, in fact-u10 Mr. O'Connell then proceeded to enlarge upon the tyran- rection or Arms Act—ever approached this in tyratis nical nature of those clauses which suspended the Habeas horror. He was certain that if the Irish Reform Bili s Corpus Act, prevented public meetings, and destroyed the been framed in a spirit of fairness, nothing more srould LT right of petitioning. The liberty of the press, too, was com- been said about the Repeal question. It was the day of pletely subverted by it. He felt bonnd to let the House fully Ministers, it was the duty of Sir Robert Peel, from wb.. understand what sort of a bill it was which they were about some statesmanlike arguments might have been espectes 3 to pass.

prove their assertion that there existed some conserien in “ The language of this cruel, ensnaring Act, is exceed-tween predial and political agitation. They 3 totally ingly loose ; I never met any so utterly untechnical and in- fuiled in doing so. definite in its phraseology. From the high opinion I enter It was admitted that only a small portion of Ireland vs tain of his profound knowledge and legal accuracy, I feel disturbed-a population of about five hundred the sand a perfect conviction—though I admit grounded on nothing out of eight millions. Yet the whole country. Es tab more than that opinion that the Solicitor-General never outlawed. He utterly denied that this enactment ** saw this Act. I do not know; but if he has seen it, I con- quired for the protection of witnesses. Some instances bed fess my astonishment. The looseness of the language is sur- occurred where they were maltreated and intimidated; prising. In the 14th section, it is directed, that every per- there was a multitude of other instances which provit son charged with any of the offences hereinafter mentioned men who had prosecuted Whitefeet to convicties zigt! or referred to, may be, and such persons shall be, summarily live in perfect safety in thatched cottages, among the friends tried by Courts-martial.' Any of the offences hereinafter and relatives of the men whom their evidence had set to mentioned ! What a specification in so dangerous a statute! the gallows. The same vagueness prevails in the 17th section; but I come “ Listen to the evidence of Mr. Barrington on the pris! to the 27th, which takes away personal liberty—by which of the discrimination which the peasantry exercise in the any person may be arrested, committed, or detained in matters. He distinctly states, that he knew the instance custody, and the sole return to a writ of Habeas Corpus is, hostility to jurors on the part of the people This is the that the act was done under the bill. This section further evidence of a man who, for seventeen years, had the best empowers the prisoner to be confined wheresoever his gaoler opportunities of judging on the subject, and the bestuess of or keeper pleases. What! the man is not to be imprisoned whose life, during that long period of it, had ten to attend in the King's gaols, where Sheriffs, Magistrates, responsible to these things. At the same time, his evidence had proted officers, may see him; he may be flung into the black-hole that persons acting under the Insurrection Act bad certainly of a barrack, or into its filth-hole. (A laugh.) You smile, been attacked, and suffered injury; but there was nest the but can you deny the fact ? He might have protection if slightest hostility against jurors. English Reformes, this confined in an ordinary gaol ; the Sheriff is a responsible offi- is the evidence of a man in the confidence of his Maiaty": cer; his relations would have access to him ; but by this in- Government. If he be not so, why do they net disas human and tyrannical bill, any place in Ireland which any him?" one delegated by authority chooses may be his gaol. (Hear, He laughed to scom the assertion that jurons were in hear.) Can I be blamed if my temper does not always ex- midated. Whenever the evidence was found insufficiest hibit perfect equanimity, when such laws are to be enacted convict a man, and he was consequently acquitted, it ** for Ireland ?"

laid to the intimidation of the jury; but it was all an eid Surely, a provision by which a man may be dragged from woman's tale. He would ask, what had the Gore his house and imprisoned wherever his gaoler pleases, must been doing in Ireland during the last twelve months? He have been framed by some distinguished Equity lawyer, would tell them. They had been goading the people ts whose whole life has been devoted to those ennobling studies madness by enforcing the collection of tithes; going from which purify and soften the heart.

parish to parish with horse, foot, and artillery, and turnir: He then denounced the establishment of Courts-martial. the Lord-Lieutenant into a proctor-general. Yet while thy

“ I cannot adequately express my contempt for Courts had been doing all this, to drive the peasantry into insemartial as tribunals to try the people. Five or nine ensigns rection, they had taken no measures, at once vigorous e or lieutenants, with one field officer, form the Court; and constitutional, to procure order among them. the presence of this field-officer is the first guarantee of im “ The wrongs of my country have been inixed up wità partiality. There is another precaution: to be sure, the attacks on me. Why not banish me for a year and subalterns are to be twenty-one years of age ; 'but, on the half? I tell you what I will consent to it. Yos saad other hand, they must be two years in the Army, in order to vanish me but do not thus oppress my country. ( Hear, learn that obedience is the first virtae of a soldier. The Re-hear, hear!) What is tbis Reformed Parliameel, lue tre formed Parliament turns the Judge out of the box- the presentative of the great and generous people of Eagand Judge who had studied human nature for years, by experi--what is it duing ? Disguise it as you will, you are it ence had learned to distinguish the clashing diversities of gislating against a single individual. I really pity you. guilt and innocence, and to pour the drop of mercy into the You do this because my name is made to rhyme with a prisoner's scale, when it wavered in doubt. His viginti an- line of a miserable ballad. Oh, it was excelleur with norum lucubrationes are thrown aside as useless, and he was superabundant cause of merriment! You may de himself is removed to make way for the field-officer. If a lude yourselves witb this, but you will not delude the setu British subject commits an offence, he is tried by twelve sible people of Ireland and England. They will see that jurors, and he may object to any twenty-one on the panel if this atrocious bill of pains and penalties is passed agung he only dislikes their countenances ; but let an Irishman me. There are many men existing who think-lam 06 utter a word against any of the four ensigns! They are to who say-that if you cannot do without such a measure, decide the case; they were ordered to come, and they are you ought to abdicate. If you cannot govern Ireland there_their business is to obey orders, and the prisoner must without it, it is most necessary that you should aldicate, be content with them. The right honourable Secretary The advantage of England calls for your abdicatiune triumphs—he may well do so; Ireland is his domain, he

This gentleman is Crown Solicitor for Munster.


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What will become of your National Debt and its interest | tion from the hired police and starving clergymen. Had the if you oppress us till you drive us into a servile war? Do Irish People called for the protection which this bill was you think you can preserve Ireland in the teeth of this intended to afford ? No. There had been only one meeting injustice ? 'You come for these measures you do not held for that purpose. No stropger argument could be adCell us wbat their effect will be after you get them." duced for the repeal of the Union than this bill would

Much had been said about his political agitation being supply. the mwiu cause of the existing disturbances. The facts

It would be an act of the grossest misconduct to injure a proved the direct contrary,

whole nation for the sake of upholding one single abuseThe following statement would prove to the House, the Church Establishment. He put it to every Scotchman that since the establishment of the Catholic Association, who heard him, what would he have done had England perin 1822, up to the present year, during whicla period poli- severed in forcing upon Scotland against her wishes a tical agitation bad prevailed to a great extent, those of Church Establishment ? Would he not have done as his fepces which are more peculiarly directed agaiust the countrymen had done before him, resist such an attempt; state, and which mark an insurrectionary spirit, have also ay, and resist it to the death, and drive the presumptuous

decreased in a most striking manner, as would be perceived invaders from the borders ? Why were not the Irish to do 3: from the following figures :

the same? They were eqally generous, equally zealous, 1822. 1823. 1824. 1925. 1826. 1827, 1828. 1829. eqnally courageous, and he trusted would be equally victo Commmitments for

rious. 7 Treasonable practices... Seditious practices..


jo The title of this bill ought to be “ a bill to put down Robbery of arms..

Daniel O'Connell, and to keep up the Military and Church ** Appearing armed by night122 19 Robbery of maile

Establishments of Ireland." It was a bill brought forward chiefly at the instance of a man who had lost the confidence

of the people, though he might retain that of a majority in After O'Connell had spoken thus, Lord Althorp the House—which was by no means the same thing. The closed the long discussion.

bill was brought forward to gratify a feeling of political He assured the House of the deep reluctance which he rivalry. He concluded by moving, as an amendment, the felt to advocate so severe a measure as the one before them.

following resolutionHe maintained, however, in common with the other mem- b'disturbances in some districts of Ireland, they were of opi

“ That while the House deeply lamented the existence of bers of the Government, that it was absolutely necessary. POOR Laws. It had been made a matter of reproach ing laws were insufficient for the purpose of putting an end

nion that it had not been satisfactorily shown that the existagainst the present Government, that they were not pre- to them; and that therefore the House could not consent to pared to propose the introduction of Poor Laws into Ire. land. Certainly the Government entertained no wish to

a bill which placed Ireland out of the pale of the British introduce into Ireland the system of Poor Laws which had

Constitution." been established in England. Many persons, of the highest that the magistracy and landlords of Ireland were to blame

Mr. Alderman Wood seconded the amendment. He said authority, had expressed a strong conviction that the intro- for much of the evil which existed. He never would conduction into Ireland of any system of Poor Laws could not but be attended with the worst effects ; and worst of all, sent to Courts- Martial. He had sat in seven Parliaments, the introduction of the English system. Was there any and had never given a vote against the People, and he never one in that House who recommended the introduction of

would. the English system of Poor Laws? There certainly had

Mr. Richards, speaking on this question, and been no decision on the part of Government against the in. describing the misery of the peasantry, was intertroduction of Poor Laws into Ireland; but at the same time, there had been no decision in favour of any ineasure rupted by the loud laughter, and renewed laughter, of that nature. They certainly had not decided that such and other obstreperousnesses of the honourable a measure would be improper ; but they had quite made House, much excited, oalled outup their minds that the English system would not do. He adınitted that in the Reformed Parliament it did not

The House will not listen to me. I am no noble lord; become Ministers to assume that they had lost the confi. I have no aristocratic blood circulating in my veins; but dence of the House of Commons whenever they happened I am here as the representative of a respectable constituency, to be in a minority.

fearless and regardless of the interruptions with which the On the second reading of the Irish Bill,

remarks which I venture to make on this important bill Mr. Hume denied that the bill was required by the state may be received; and I treat those interruptions with conof Ireland. That country had been since August last in a

tumelious contempt(Cheers and laughter.) He was prestate of peace and tranquillity greater than it had witnessed pared to prove but he dared not and would not wait to do

so in the present temper of the house-he was prepared to for many years. Admitting, however, that Whitefoot outrages were committed to a considerable extent, he would prove that the alteration in the value of money, and the ask to what cause were they to be attributed ? From the misery of Ireland ; and he thought that those who attributed

want of Poor Laws, were the real cause of the outrages and confession of Mr. Stanley himself, it was to his measures for the exaction of tithes, after his promise, that they should the outrages to any thing done by Mr. O'Connell, or any be extinguished, had been broken. Sir Hussey Vivian had other man, were far from knowing the real cause of the

evils of that country. (Cheers.) declared that the organization of the peasantry was for the extinction of tithes. Mr. Stanley was the “ great agitator;" the evidence in favour of the bill was communicated to the

Mr. Ronayne complained of the mysterious mode in which and before taking any other step, the House should address House. He thought it a very suspicious circumstance, that the King for the removal of that evil counsellor. Tens when Mr. Stanley could not produce the letter of a really of thousands of arrests had been made for tithes-cow's, pigs, and in one instance a stack of hay which had been sold respectable man, such as Sir Patrick Bellew, he made no to pay the tithes amounting to a few shillings, had been ma

secret of his name—there was no fear of intimidation then. liciously burnt. As if to outrage and inflame the feelings nesses were persons whose names would not add much cre

The fair inference from this conduct was, that their wit. of the Irish, the property of a Catholic clergyman was the dit to their testimony. He attributed the disorders of Irefirst that was seized. In short, the enormous Church Esta- land to the tithe system, and the Church Establishments. blishment was the cause of the Irish disturbances. He denied that there was evidence sufficient to prove the inef.

The Irish poet was a prophet as well as a poet. Mr. Moore ficacy of the existing laws for putting down the disturbers

said, most justlyof the public peace. Tbere was no evidence from the Lords “ As long as Popish spade and scythe Lieutenant. The Government had procured their informa Shall dig and cut the Sassanagh's tithe,

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