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LATEST NEWS OF THE MONTH. | landed. By the last accounts froun Canada, 49,569 persous

had arrived. Business was improving as disease disappeared. EDINBURGH, 31st Oct. 1832.

From Liverpool alone 14,500 have emigrated this season of

which a few are for Canada, and a very few for Van Diema's The treaty between France and England, authorizing Land. The great body who set forth from this port are coercive measures to force the Dutch troops out of the Ci- for the United States. With all the discouragements alient tadel of Antwerp, and from the Belgian territory, has been ing emigration thousands are meditating departure fruan signed at Paris, and returned to London. Another grand Scotland in the approaching season. “Shall we tarry on Palaver was held on Friday last, by the plenipotentiaries of will not be easy to stop.

till our capital has wholly vanished," is the cry, which it the five great powers. The new propositions of the King of

Several large vessels have recently left the Thames, with re Holland were read. Talleyrand for France, and Lord pectable tradesmen and small capitalists, and their families, Palmerston for England, declared them inadmissible, and for Van Diemen's Land and New South Wales. The raak the Ministers of Russia, Austria, and Prussia reinonstrated of the passengers is guaranteed by the high price of the pas against this fiery laste of the British and French Gorern- of handsome young women were on board one of the vessels

sage money, from L.15 to L.30 each person. A murala ments, and walked away! It is said, that as soon as Louis a valuable acquisition to a colony deficient of the fas Philippe signed the offensive treaty, the Prussian Minister sex. in Paris demanded his passport. Marshall Soult, as the

EMIGRATION FROM GERMANY.—The liberal Geria first act of his administration, is resolved to put his troops Germany to the United States, which they attribute to the

journals contain much discussion on the emigrations from in order of march forthwith, and to enter Belgium ; and general discontent which the arbitrary systeins of govern the French and English feet is in readiness for the long- ments have produced. It is stated, that an association ha threatened expedition to the Scheldt.

been formed to effect an emigration on a very extensive There are accounts of trifling actions, military and na-moval of 60,000 individuals, of both sexes, and of about

scale. This association, it seems, has for its object the Tval, between th brothers of Portugal, but nothing decisive 25 years of age each, to America, where it is proposed 19 Don Pedro still holds Oporto, but makes no progress other found a state, under the name of New Germany. wise. We grudge to see bands of British officers and recruits going out to the certain misery of that service, if not to unavoidable destruction.

A meeting was held in the Assembly Rooms Edio. The trial of the Bristol magistrates for supineness and burgh, on the 5th, for the purpose of doing honour to ibe neglect of duty during the riots in that city, consequent up- crection of some lasting monument of the gratitude and is

memory of Sir Walter Scott, and of taking measures for the on the appearance of Sir Charles Wetherell, is going for- perishable esteem of his fellow-countrymen. On the plas ward. As there are a great many witnesses to examine, form were noblemen and gentlemen of all political parties

, the case is adjourned from day to day. We anticipate ac

among whom were the Duke of Buccleuch, the Marquis c

Lothian, the Earl of Rosebery, the Earl of Dalhousie, Lor! quittal.

Dalmany, Lord Meadowbank, the Lord Advocate, the len M. Berreyer, a celebrated Carlist Deputy, who suf-Clerk Register, Mr. Adam, Accountant-General, Sir Genre fered a tedious imprisonment for his attachment to the Clerk, Sir J. Gibson Craig, Sir William Rae, Sir Thomas fallen dynasty, has been tried at Paris on various charges, Dick Lauder, Sir John Forbes, &c. &c. &c. The princi and acquitted. The principal charges were, maintaining a

pal speakers were the Lord Advocate and Professor Wilca correspondence with Holyrood, and going to the Duchess mory of the islustrious dead, and a large sum has already

The meeting resolved on erecting a monument to the E de Berri in La Vendée.- The object of this journey was to been subscribed. Similar meetings have been held at Glas dissuade that misled woman from the madness of her at. gow and Aberdeen; and in both places monuments vid tempt.

probably be erected. We have been still more gratiâd to

notice meetings of the trades to do honour to the memory EMIGRATION.

of Sir Walter. We have conversed with individuals who, within the last

After a good deal of idle talk or print, we believe Sir few days, have returned to Elgin from America, after the Walter Scott's family affairs will be left as they are. Met. unusual quick passage of four weeks. The accounts they if not the whole of his debts, will be paid in time from his give us of the state of matters beyond the Atlantic are most

His correspondence and journals alear gloomy. Thousands on thousands of the poor creatures must be worth a great deal. who have emigrated thence are in a most miserable condi.

MR. GALT.-We fear we are doomed to loze another er tion, enduring all the horrors of want among a strange the most characteristic of our national writers. The us people, and in a strange country. Myriads of them, par- finished Autobiography of the flowdie will in all proba ticularly those called labourers, can get no work, at least bility be the last etřusion of the copious pen of the author none that would keep body and soul together. They may of Annals of the Parish. About three months ago he learl get employment at cutting down wood, but then, as they a severe attack of paralysis, which excited considerable are paid by the quantity cut down, there are many of our alarm in the minds of his numerous friends and admirers. Scotch labourers who cannot earn as much wages in two Subsequently, he recovered, so far as to be able to resum? days as would afford them as much remuneration as would his literary avocations, although the effect of the stroke procure them competent support for one. Our informants upon his limbs was such as in a great measure to contine mention, that there is scarcely a ship that sails for this coun

hiin to his apartment. We regret now to be obliged to try from Quebec, and other parts of North America, whose add, that, according to letters from London, he haul another cptain is not implored, in the most affecting manner, to attack of the disease, of so serious a description, that his take back a number of the poor unfortunate creatures who recovery is completely despaired of.—[31st October. We Bately set out with her. Some mothers, we are assured, ac

are glad to find, that later accounts of Mr. Galt's health 1tally go to their knees in begging ship captains to take are more favourable.) them home again.---Elgin Courier.

We trust this picture of distress is but the result of tem It is said that the destination of Charles the Tenth and porary (auste. The prevalence of cholera to so frightful family is changed, and that, instead of taking up their rein extent in the seaports has aggravated the distress. Many sidence at Gratz, they are to proceed to Broon, where the of them have fallen victims 10 the disease as soon as they 'Emperor of Austria las placed a chateau at their disposal.

own resources.


tion of their conduct; it is feared they are uncon

scious of their true position, and likely to lean on the STATE OF POLITICAL OPINION.

reed which will pierce their side,--that they will The Ministry has but very slight hold on the af- finesse with a faction, truckle to a Court, instead of fections of the people. And why is this? Because heading a people; but nevertheless it is desired that Ministers, while engaged in Reform, have, by a they should pursue their course, and put their chathousand indications, discovered themselves indif- racters for good or ill for.ever out of doubt. Ample ferent, or actually hostile, to the objects for which is the room for redemption. They are as yet comReform is sought. The people understand per- mitted chiefly in appearances; conduct would set all fectly well, that the Reform in Parliament is a this right. If they want courage to be honest they means to an end—the end, good government; but are lost; and let them not scare themselves by countthey have not seen in Ministers any signs of dissa- ing the heads of Dukes, Marquises, and Lords, on tisfaction with the existing system since it has been their fingers, and supposing they are reckoning the placed under their control; and, on the contrary, forces of the country, omitting only, as they are they have, with disgust, heard them advocate some apt to do in such calculations, the small item of the of its worst vices. Malversation, oppression, abuse people. We don't deny that they will have difficulof authority, have all had their course and impu- ties to contend with, but we would say with the nity precisely as heretofore. Indeed, by what cir- augur of old, strike, and strike boldly, and the obcumstance but the passing of the Reform Bill could stacle will be severed. Courage is now, as it is in the Whig Government be distinguished from the many circumstances, prudence. The Scotsman-says, Tory Governments that preceded it? The shackles let prudent men be chosen to direct the course in of Castlereagh are yet on us--not a fetter has been the critical and embarrassing junctures wbich must struck off. The exception, however, it may be occur. So say we, choose prudent men; but the said, is a large and a governing one; it should be so, extremities upon which we are drifting are of such but let it be observed, that as Reform was the Whigs' a sort that the prudence cannot be without boldvess tenure of office, it alone is not a sufficient test of and resolution, a clear eye for emergencies, and a their dispositions. Reform gave them place, and firm, prompt hand for execution; men who have a kept them in place; without it they could not have long sight for what we must come to at last, and maintained their ground for six months. It has who will take the measures for it at once, and not served them well, and it is not necessary to seek waste themselves upon expedients for the intermebeyond party purposes for the motives to the adoption diate circumstances. The State will be in what of the cause. We say that it is not necessary to seek the French call a false position, undoubtedly, with beyond party purposes for the motives, but it would one branch of the legislature representative of the be most unfair and ungenerous to limit our in- interests of the people, and the other of the Lords quiry for inducements to that sinister ground, if we with their antagonist prejudices. To this we must were not precluded from a worthier field. Men, come. The House of Good and the House of Miswho propose desirable means, should be presumed chief will be in opposition, and the sooner the con-' to propose the objects to which they tend; we flict is brought to extremities in a just cause, and should give them credit for the design, though not the ascendency of the righteous power determined, a syllable be breathed of it ; but in the case of the the better for the peace, temper, and well-being of Whig Ministers we have had declarations of sen- society.-Examiner. timeut and purpose opposed to the onward course of reform, which have allowed of no scope for fa. The last number of the Edinburgh Review convourable presumptions.

tains rather a desponding article on the prospects. The rapacity of the Church, the tyrannies or fool of the Ministry in the next Session of Parliament. eries of the unpaid magistracy, the extravagancies After referring to the complaint so generally of the military establishments, jobs, malversation urged against them iu respect to the small amount in all its shapes, have all had their ministerial advo- of real business transacted within the last Session, cates, and we have seen a Brougham stretching and and enumerating, in a tone quite as important as straining the Treason Law—and that uncalled the measures would justify, the catalogue of their for-volunteered—as it were a labour of love! Parliamentary exploits during that period, the ReAdded to these signs, the patronage of the Tories viewer proceeds, as usual, to lecture the public by the Wbig Government has seemed to mark the on the unreasonableness of finding fault with the preference of their principles, which may have been Whigs. imbibed with a taste of their practice. We all know We do not dispute tbe Reviewer's right to labour the beauty of appropriation, and misrule may have in his vocation and work for his employers ; nor do discovered new charms to the Whigs since they we question that he is more likely to be acquainted came into possession of it. The power and patron- with their hopes and fears than other people, who ' age they thought so extravagant and dangerous in have not the same interest in observing their fucthe hands of the Tories, douběless seem just and mo-tuations; but we think he is much mistaken if he derate in their own. Men become reconciled to supposes that, by any ingenuity, he can reconcile abuses with wondrous rapidity when they get the the people of this country to the slow progress whicb handling of them. All these observations have been they were obliged to put up with from a House of made by the people, and therefore it is that they Commons over which they had no control. Refeel coldly towards the Ministers. The service ren- form has laid the foundation for many changes, dered in Parliamentary Reform is balanced against and, amongst the rest, for an important change in the opposition threatened to the course of Reform the quantity of public business that will be expected in Church and State ; and the effect is, that at best at the hands of the Legislature. The men of treMinisters are thought of us untried men, and sup- mendously active talent, of whom Sir Robert Peel ported for experiment. On no one subject that occu- spoke with so much alarm, will inoculate even the pies the public mind is there a favourable anticipa- | men who have no talent, or talent of that aristo




cratic order which prefers retirement to display. farmers might plead that it would be all clear loss If, therefore, the Whig Ministry be not prepared to to go back again. But they are not; they safer keep pace in some measure with the accelerated under all the difference that arises from the general movement of the times, they will hear the com- state of the country being incomparably worse than plaint of last session reiterated with stronger em- formerly. Their children cannot all be farmers; phasis, and probably with more decisive results and the Corn Laws have brougbt on a state against the next.

things where they can be pothing else. So sure There is another point connected closely with the as there is a Providence above, is it written that one to which we have just alluded, in which we there shall be always ways in which those who also expect to trace the efficacious working of re-wrong and defraud their neighbours shall in the form. This point is the curtailment of Parliamen- end find out that they have made a rueful bargain. tary speeches. No one not accustomed to Parlia- Let the men who are thus robbing both agricultament can form an idea of the extent to which the rists and manufacturers together, teach their fal prolixity of our public speakers has interfered with lowers to cry, that the agricultural interest is to be the effective business of the session. The very sacrificed to the manufacturing. The thief wità thought of such a thing as a four hours' speech is his hand in another's pocket calls out that be is a enough to make a man yawn at noonday. Then ing to be wronged, and is within an inch of being what must the infliction of it be after midnight ? obliged to take it out.- Westminster Review, Really and seriously speaking, this is a great grie

SCOTTISH PEASANTRY. But we have reliance enough on the prac In almost all countries in Europe, in which tical good sense that is likely to characterize the land is much divided, and consequently whera people's House of Commons, to expect that they there is not a powerful Aristocracy, there are beaewill at once and for ever put down such ostenta- tiful cottages and gardens. Wherever there is a tious attempts.

feudal Aristocracy and Scotland has hardly well Upon the whole, we would advise the Whig Mi-escaped the gripe of the worst feudal Aristocracy nistry to prepare themselves for a more active cam- that ever a country was cursed with,) the labouring paign than they have yet experienced. They will people are meanly lodged, and bave little taste for do well to spend that time in the concoction of mea- gardening. Nations do not easily relinquish thes sures that used to be devoted to the preparation of old habits, even when circumstances change. Aby speeches and the fabrication of excuses for delay.-one may tell, from the appearance of Scotland, that Morning Herald.

it has never been (like Switzerland, for instance)s

country of small landowners. But what does Mr. It may be conceded, that the great Aristocrats, Cobbett say? He saw " the people looking very who are born to the right of making us keep their hearty, and by no means badly dressed, especially children, legitimate or illegitimate, may profit by the boys and girls, whose good looks I have admirel the Corn Laws in those cases where the poor-rates ever since I entered Scotland; and about whom the do not increase faster than the value of the pro- parents seem to care much more than they do about duce; because they have only to get more value their houses or themselves. They do not pat boys for the rents of a given estate, and inasmuch as to work hard when they are young, as they do is their children must at all hazards be found in cer- England, and, therefore, they are straighter and tain incomes by the public, the greater value is nimbler on foot.” Now, Mr. Cobbett may be as worth more to them in the end. But though a com- sured, that where people look well and hearty, are mon landlord may get a greater pecuniary value well dressed, and do not put boys to work hard from his estate, this will not save his soul alive, if when they are young, that they cannot be very the difficulty of providing for and establishing bis miserable. The truth is, that the Scotch hind and children is increased in a greater degree at the same his family have abundance of the food they like and time. The whole country is in what Adam Smith are accustomed to. Oatmeal porridge and milk is called the " stationary state,” in consequence of the a hearty and agreeable food, and the finest race of prohibition of manufactures and commerce; and if men in Britain, the borderers of England and Scotthus, the effects fall upon all the landlords who are land, are reared chiefly on this food. There the not of the porcelian clay, which must be maintained houses are warm, and they have abundance of fuel, by other people even where their rents are not ab- at hardly any cost, carried by the fariner to them. solutely diminished by that increase of the poor- Abundance of food and fuel are no small elements rates, which heaven has tacked to the landlords' in the way of comfort in a northern country. If Mr. tails as nature's check on their cupidity. To that Cobbett were to enter a Scotch labourer's bouse in numerous class the farmers, and that still more nu- the depth of winter, he would see a blazing fire merous one their labourers, there is in like manner and a happy family around it, and we are sure that no difficulty in conceding, that the effect of the in many parts of Hampshire and Surrey, the inCorn Laws was to make merry times for farmers. terior of the cottages, in winter, is desolation itself. But are times merry now? Is it not plain that What on earth could lend Mr. Cobbett to believe “ bygones are bygones,” and all that is left them that "a cow is a thing more in name than in realiis a fearful waiting for the natural punishment on ty.” A cow is everything to the Scotch labourer. cruelty and wrong? The Corn Laws got up a spi- It is supplied with food in abundance, winter and rit of prosperity for farmers at their neighbours' ex- summer, and yields abundance of milk.- Nothing pense, in the same manper as a spirit of prosperity There is not a married labourer through all the dis for linen-drapers might be got up by an Act of Par- trict he crossed, without a cow, and it is the cow liament that should probibit the wearing of woolleu that enables him to rear these healthy children that coats. But that was seventeen years ago. The Mr. Cobbett admired. As to the slavery, that is only consequence now left is, that there are per- sheer nonsense. There is no class of men more iphaps five farmers where there would have been dependent than the Scotch binds. So much is this four. If the five were as well off as the four, thel the case that they seldom remain more than a year


or two on one farm. Their disposition to change The enemies of the Ballot tell us it would do no good, residence is, perhaps, one main reason why they are because it would not enable the electors to conceal their without a taste for comfortable cottages.-Every yotes. Then, if this be true, why do they object to it? thing considered, we have no doubt that the Scotch It will do no harm.... If every thing is to be as notorious farm-labonrer is a much happier man than a labourer as at present, it will not be sneaking and unmanly and in a farm in the south of England. He can bring up tual lie, as they say would be the case if the Ballot were

un-English. A man's whole life will not be then a perpea large family without being indebted to a human adopted. Why not let us try the experiment were it onbeing for food or clothing: "He always educates his ly for a single election ? Few experiments can be made children at his own cost. His food is inferior in with less hazard. No harm could arise from it according quality, no doubt, but he has more of it. He works to our antagonists, even if all they have said about it were heartily on it, and does not consider himself entitled true; but if we are correct, its value is inferior in imto compassion. He is highly moral; for, in the portance only to the Reform acts themselves.-Edinthree counties of Berwick, Haddington, and Roxburgh Weekly Chronicle. burgh, crime is hardly known. The prisons may be KIND-HEARTED MEN.—It generally turns out that the said to be untenanted.-Morning Chronicle. perpetrators of the coolest and most deliberate outrages FREEDOM OF THE PRESS.

upon humanity, are in their own proper persons exceedAt the " Lumber Troop Dinner," the other day, ingly kind-hearted men. How very kind-hearted Cook is a Mr. Nicholson, in reference to the many prosecu- represented to have been (until he committed “a cool and tions which have been commenced, during the well-disciplined” murder upon Mr. Paas) by the ladies reign of the present Ministry, against cheap publi- who administered the consolations of religion and Portugal cations, stated that a society, for the support and grapes to him in prison, and who have just published a protection of a Free Press, was on the point of to which we shall have occasion to advert in a day or two.

little volume upon the character and history of their hero, being formed, and expressed an earnest hope that And what unprecedented kindness of heart was exhibited the country would co-operate in so great and vital by Charles the Tenth during his residence at Holyrood; a measure. It is scarcely necessary to say, that in and how little of that estimable quality would the world Mr. Nicholson's wish we heartly concur.

have discovered, had the possessor of it continued to reside

at the Tuilleries. Persons change with places. Cook was We have inserted a communication from a correspondent a demon in his workshop, and a saint in the condemned at Haddington, complaining of the conduct of the tenantry of cell. Charles was a demon on a grander scale in Paris, and that county in voting for Mr. BALFOUR, after strenuously a saint and philanthropist too at Edinburgh. In the same petitioning Parliament for the extension of the elective fran- way, Captain Burke was a kind-hearted and well-dischise, when the Reform Bills were under discussion in ciplined man, when he discovered the peculation in the Parliament. Happening to know something of these pe- police-department, some years ago; but as a poster of tithetitions, we believe we may say that many of the petitioners arrears, and a shooter of Irishmen“ by a stop watch,” he expected what has happened, and that they never would stands in our eyes in the light of — But we shall wait have asked for the elective franchise had they not been awhile, and hear what the Coroner's Inquest says upon that convinced that they would shortly afterwards obtain the point.—True Sun. protection of the Ballot-an expectation which we cannot PersonAL CANVASSES. –The following admirable observadoubt will soon be realized. We have before us the names tions on this subject, and on the reciprocal duties of electors of several tenants who are understood to be pledged to and representatives, are made in a letter from Mr. Macaulay to Mr BALFOUR, although they petitioned for reform, but it the electors of Leeds :-“I have not, as you are aware, asked would be ungenerous to publish these names, for we know for a single vote. I conceived that, by the Reform Bill, a high that they are as staunch 'reformers as ever, and that they solely, still less for mine, but

for the benefit of this great em

and solemn trust had been reposed in you, not for your benefit have been forced to pledge themselves against their incli- pire. I conceived that it would be insulting to suppose that canations by circumstances over which they have no con

resses and supplications would induce you to betray the trust. trol. In the opinion of the enemies of the Ballot, this To vote for the fittest candidate is the plain duty of an elector. must be considered a proper state of things. To deceive To intreat a man to perform a plain duty is no high compliment, the landlord in his inquiries into a matter with which he To intreat a man to violate a plain duty' is the grossest of outhas no concern is a gross piece of immorality, but to com- rages. I have heard many among you speak with just indignapel the tenant to act against the dictates of his conscience, tion of those Members of Parliament who, to oblige a friend. and to commit what is little short of a crime, is perfectly run down to a committee, and vote for or against a bill without moral and correct! The Ballot is perfectly essential for hearing the evidence or understanding the case. We can all the protection of the tenantry. They can bardly in any of private civilities the powers which have been intrusted to circumstances be intrusted with the elective franchise with him for the general good, is unworthy the esteem and confiout it. Although a tenant may be independent of his dence of his countrymen. But surely, if this easiness of temlandlord at present, is he sure that he will be equally inde, per, this

inability to resist solicitation, this disposition

to pendent of him during the whole currency of a 19 years' gratify individuals at the expense of the community, be scanlease? Will be bave no favours to ask' during all that dalous in the legislator, it is no less scandalous in the ele pr. period? Will his landlord have no opportunity of annoy. If constituents give their votes in exchange for the personal ating him ? May the tenant not be even desirous of a re

tention of a candidate, with what face can they afterwards newal of his lease at its expiry? All these considerations blame the man of their choice for giving his vote concerning a will operate on him, and induce him, without any thing rail-road or a canal, in exchange for the personal attentions of like intimidation being used, or even an intimation of the member shall be more honest than themselves, that he shall be

an interested party? What right have thes to expect that their wishes of his landlord being made, to support that party to proof to that same coaxing and begging which they have themwhich the latter is known to be attached. To give one a selves been unable to resist? How can they complain, if he right without protecting bim in the exercise of it is down- seils them for the same wretched consideration for which he right mockery. No one should be allowed to vote who bought them? It is in vain to expect that there will be a high is unable to support the candidate he believes to be the standard of political morality in the representative body, when best qualified ; and if the tenantry are not permitted to there is a low standard in the constituent body." act according to their conscience, the welfare of the country demands that they should be deprived of the elective fran.

GERMAN GLUTTONS - It is thought that an extraordinary chise; and, indeed, many of them have refused to qualify assembly of the Diet must be called immediately. What gourto escape the intolerable annoyance of the solicitation to mands these Germans must be! they are eternally calling for which they are exposed.

Diet. Just the people for Sir George Warrender.

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mark an anecdote! The proper returning officer at that time

the Deputy Sheriff or Secondary-was named Burebell It is well to be patient and abide what may come. was about to tell them a story which was told by Burchelli We have been struck and edified by the observations of own mouth to his brother-in-law, the late John Holt, de our countryman, the editor of the Morning Chronicle, on the Chancery Bar. Burchell told him, that not being found s. funeral of Thomas Hardy, one of the fouuders of the London ciently pliant in the selectioa of the Jury, Old Conscience.

' Corresponding Society, who was tried in 1794, with Horne he was now called, took the Jury-book out of the hands of in

proper officer, (Mark, mark this !') whose daty it 2 Tooke, Thelwall, Holcroft

, and eight others. He died at his according to the constitution of the law, and carried it to residence in Pimlico, on Thursday, the 18th inst., at the age own chamber, and there, in dark and secret divan, picked of 81. Thomas Hardy was by trade a shoemaker, a man of such men as he thought might be depended on for hanging simple habits, and of the most humane and benevolent dis- prisoners, guilty or not guilty. (Shame, shame!): Fortune position, beloved by all who knew him. His age was spently his stupidity equalled his roguery. He certainly placed in comparative poverty ; but not in suffering, for some kind the panel many men on whom he might have depended, et friends attended to his wants. Mr. Hardy was a native of they were dead-others had left that part of the country; be Scotland, and, we believe, went from Torwood, Stirling-could not prevent many honest men from getting on, the 18shire, to London, very early in life. His funeral is thus try, became alarmed, and the result was ihat three sketcase

Juries returned verdicts of acquittal. noticed in the article referred to above.

“Truly, if John Scott, Earl of Eldon, can look back .. “ The remains of the late Thomas Hardyjwere yesterday con- satisfaction at his last hour on a proceeding like the abuse, signed to the ea, th, and an address was delivered on the occa

must have a singularly constituted conscience. Bat is mores id sion by Mr. Thelwall, now the only survivor of the twelve be destroying all the incentives to virtuous conduct, and it indicted for High Treason, in 1794. It is due to the genera- troying the securities for moral order, were worldly prosperri tions to come, to mark the departure from this life of men,

to screen a man capable of seeking the life of a fellos-ceste who, like Thomas Hardy, have devoted themselves, at the by means such as are here imputed to Lord Elden, frien tiene hazard of their lives, to the most exalted of objects-the eman- strongly-ma ked disapprobation of the people. The fact the cipating of their conntry from a degenerating political thraldom be carefully treasured up by the people, in every goaster ai i

- by grateful honours to their memory, that the motives to country, that by marking at the proper time their due sense generous and patriotic exertioa may be strengthened, and that such a transaction, a lesson may be read, as powerful Virtue in the trials to which it is so often exposed in this

world, way of dissuasion, as that of the funeral of Thomas Hu: may still be borne up by the cheering hope, that it will live in the

was in the way of encouragement. Success in life sort grateful recollection of mankind. A long period bas now to render men callous to recitals like those of Mr. These elapsed since the conspiracy against the liberties of Englishmen carrying with it, as it does in its circumstantial details, ar was defeated in the acquittal of Thomas Hardy, and the num- appearance of truth and accuracy. There is in this ar ber of those who were of an age to take an interest in the pro- but too great a disposition to worship wealth, asd to far ceedings of 1794, must now be small. The acquittal of Hardy the regard for it, the means by ebieh it was acquired has, indeed, been celebrated every year down to the present the duty of all those who have the power to seek oceasiears the time ; but to the existing generation Thomas Hardy may be that presented by the funeral of Thomas Hardy, to correct said to have been nearly a stranger. By those to whom he national failing The occasion is certainly a striking epe. was personally known, he was indeed held in the highest Thomas Hardy dies not only a poor man, but bavigg been regard as a thoroughly honest, single-minded, and kind-hearted debted for his means of subsistence for several yeans to individual, who bore malice to no bunan being, and wished subscriptions of a few friends, and yet his remains are depan well to al mankind, whom no earthly consideratiou could seed in the grave in the presence of a countless muhitude, . duce into any act of which his conscience disapproved ;-but show the strongest sense of his services to the great cauza of the many thousands who yesterday assetnbled to pay the last of his country. At that funeral the inscriptioa is furu:respects to his memory, there were but few to whom he coulded for a moment to another man, who wil die ara? have been personally known, aud the unequivocal demonstra- as Cræsus, but whom his wealth will not screen fra tion of popular feeling testified the sense which the present the expression by the people of their strong disapp race of Englishmen entertain of the foul conspiracy against the tion of his public conduct. As there are few mea iudisce', liberties of the country, wliich was defeated by the acquittal of whatever they may pretend, to the opinion of the cent", Thomas Hardy, and of the cause for which he devoted himself a lesson like this will not be thrown away on other ride at the hazard of his life. Within the precincts of St. Luke's John Earl of Eldon has been consistent throug boat luis te there was not a shop open, and the deepest sympathy was life. He sought not the good of the people, but his own ; . everywhere manifested. Another actor in the transactions of for his own he was ready to embrace means respectia: that day still survives—John, Earl of Eldon, Thomas Hardy there cannot well be two opinions with people who tiska died in his 81st year, and John Scott, Earl of Eldon, is now they onght to think. He has fought to the last ait : in his 82d year; so that in the course of nature the grave cause of the people-against every improvement in our m** must soon also close over his remains. But, gracious God! tions. He has already had the mortification of vitaessige or what a difference between this man, covered with honours, as triumph of a man (Earl Grey) who, we believe, was one they are called, and saturated with wealth, and the single number who would have felt the condemnation of Hardy s minded and disinterested man whose blood he endeavoured to 'Tooke. He will yet live to witness other mortificativas; sled! John Scott, Earl of Eldon, must soon appear before a the funeral of Hardy will supply a contrast which will not sa Tribunal, in which all the arts and skill which raised him to escape from the memory of the people.' wealth and honours here will avail him little. But it is not for mortals to anticipate the decision of that Tribunal. He boasts of his conscience, and he knows best what burthens he

FROM A FORTHCOMING LIFE OF HARDT. lias laid on it. There are men whose consciences can support any “The unceasing and merciless system of defamation burthen, however heavy. John Scott, Earl of Eldon, notwith continued to be pursued against her husband had such a standing all the circumstances stated yesterday by Mr. Theldent effect upon the mind of Mrs. Hardy, that her besiti. . wall, may yield up his latest breath unperturbed. So far from gan rapidly to decline; yet she strove to appear as cheesta considering the departure of his intended victim as a mene tekel, possible, and continued her visits to the Tower, as often : the hand-writing on the wall, he may view his survival as a sort was permitted until the very day of her death. On the : of triumph. Be this as it may, it is for the people to mark the of August, 1794, she was taken in labour, and delivered: different sense they entertain of a man like Hardy. who devot. dead child. She declared soon afterwards that she foam ed himself to a cause to which he narrowly escaped being a own death fast approaching, and that she believed it : victim, and at the expense of great sacrifices of domestic hap- entirely owing to what she had suffered in her persos, -piness and prosperity, and of a man like John Earl of Eldon. her mind, on account of the confinement of ber husband' A Mr. Thelwall stated a fact which is of great importance in two o'clock of the same day she had parted with her bon estimating the character of Lord Eldon :

in as good spirits as was possible in her sitaatio- tara! “He could not,' he said, ' suppress the observation that any last farewell it was her last-for they were doomed pers man who found it necessary 24 times in 24 hours to talk of his see each other again in this vale of tears. conscience, seldom turned out to have any conscience at all. It “ The following is the beginning of a letter which Mrs. I'. must be worn to rags by so much mouthing. (Hear, bear.) was writing to her husband a few hours before the died, Ai-And when the word was thus mouthed, they would find it in 27th., 1794, but a summons of eternal importance to be terpreted to mean nothing but interest or ambition. Now soul obliged her to drop the pen without finishing ite

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