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checked in children, otherwise it grows with their growth, ON THE MORAJ. TRAINING OF CHILDREN. (For the Schoolmaster.)
and strengthens with their strength; and if they thus live LETTER III.
and die without its meeting with a check, they will not “Tilat the infant mind,” observes the judicious Mrs. only go on, like those before them, to cutail the same evil Tamilton, vis, at an early period, susceptible of terror, is
on their offispring, (if they have any,) but they will assured discovery unhappily made by every ignorant nurse. This ly plunge their own souls in eternal misery as the unayoid
able consequence. netinct, implanted by the wise Creator as a protection to
Let us beware of giving children the idea, that they are be helpless state of infancy, is an instrument in the hands
to engross all attention and all care ; that every thing, and of senseless ignorance, too frequently applied to the worst if purposes. It is the first, the constant engine of tyranny is often done, unintentionally and unknowingly, by ill
every body, should contribute to their amusement. This i proportion as it is made to operate, the mind will be bebased and enfeebled. Deprived of its power and energy,
judging and ill-directed fondness in parents, or by friends t will remain the willing slave of sensation. To this cal- paying excessive and irrational court to children, in order mity many an innocent being is exposed by the the inju- towards children, the seeds of vanity, of self-will, of inte
to flatter their parents. By this most injudicious conduct icions treatment of the nursery." Let parents beware of this dangerous rock. Let them restedness, are sown in the infant mind'; there they too e careful that their children be not terrified into the quickly take root, grow too rapidly, and soon bear pernici.
ous fruits. uppression of feeling, or rather into the suppression f the external marks of feeling, by threats of any thing mind. Its possession is commonly attended by the dispo
The love of power appears to be natural to the human oming to take them away. Let the only fear, used as a ompelling motive, be the fear of doing what is wrong, of who are subjected to it. This disposition evidently leads to
sition to exercise it, and by contempt shown towards those fending God, of offending their parents and instructors;
tyranny and oppression ; and therefore the greatest attention and even that fear should be applied as a motive, very sele should be given to prevent its growth in the youthfuł mind. am), and very cautiously. The habit of timidity, degen. Never should children be permitted to tyrannize over inferiora, rating into cowardice, terminates in selfishness. The mind and to treat them with contempt. Never should servants 1 which this degrading disposition is prevalent, gener. be submitted to their caprice and humour. Sometimes, Uy becomes absorbed in anxiety for personal, individual indeed, children experience the abuse of power exercised
upon themselves by unnecessary control and vexatious reInsineerity' and eunning, are also frequently the atten. straint in the nursery. But how often are children trained ints of a fearful disposition. Timidity, in fact, opens the to despise and ill-treat inferiors ! They see them treated 1997 to a numerous and mischievous train of false ideas as beings of a lower class. They hear commands issued and feelings, which 'naturally, and almost inevitably pro- to them in harsh tones and an imperious manner. I have 'uce fatal errors of conduct. If frightful objects, which known boys permitted even to strike, and kick, fehave no real existence, be employed to terrify children into male servants, and servants expected to bow to this infant postraint of their feelings or submission to authority, they tyranny. What can be the result of such conduct, but sili, in course of time, as their minds grow enlightened, the production of overbearing dispositions, and the spoiling Tucover the falsehood which has been used as a means of of tempers ? Let children, from their earliest years, be managing them; and is it not to be feared, that such a
taught that servants, and those even in the lowest stations Escovery may render the youthful ear deaf to the repre- of society, are their fellow-creatures; placed, as well as ftitations of the beauty, and propriety, and benefit of themiselves, where their Heavenly Father hath pleased, in
the great chain of beings; and that when they do their Firnness without anger, without even the faintest ap- daty faithfully and well, they are to be respected and treatParance of violence; the contriving that some consequence ed kindly, as inferior friends and members of the great ciepleasing to the infant mind shall follow acts of resistance family of God. The welfare, happiness, and improvement aud disobedience, and which shall seem to it to be their of servants, ought to be attended to, and all proper means na:ural results ; the taking care that pleasing consequences taken to render the condition in which Providence has small always attend submission and obedience ; these mea- placed them, as comfortable as is consistent with the protures will most probably enlist association of ideas as a
per discharge of their necessary duties. panzerfal auxiliary on the side of duty and happiness.
It is almost impossible to prevent all intercourse between Let every possible means be used to check the principle children and servants ; is it not, then, a fair object of inof selfishness in children. Let them see their parents, their quiry, whether it be not worth the time and attention of instructors
, ever ready to communicate to others a share of heads of families to enlighten their servants, to give them whatever desirable objects they may possess, and prefer- good principles, and render them trust-worthys for their ing the comfort of those they love to their own personal own sakes, and the sakes of their children? . If bad gratification ; let them be encouraged and incited, to masters and mistresses make bad servants, the converse of share with others their food, their playthings, and what the proposition is probably true--good masters and mismint appear to them most valuable; and let some pleasur: tresses make good servants. alle result follow such acts.
Every appearance of insincerity, every attempt to deceive, Selfishneas is indeed the predominating or besetting sin whether made by word or action, should meet with the of our nature, to which all are more or less hereditarily, or
most marked disapprobation. Such a disposition shonld by birth, inelined
, according to its predominance with pa- be repressed with anxious solicitude, and every circumtents. tis tlicrefore an evil which cannot be too early stance which has any the reinoteșt, tendency to form it,
A FRIEND TO EARLY EDUCATION.
every temptation to disguisement, to fraud, to deceit, should to the happiness of others, enforced at the moment when be carefully removed.
the mind is in a proper tone for the exercise of the sympa It has already been remarked, that fear leads to insin- thetic feelings. cerity. Let not children be punished for mere accidents ; To establish án habitual regard tò the principles of ho. such as breaking china cups, or glasses ; or for tearing and nesty, a child should not be permitted to pick up the inking frocks, but let them be encouraged immediately to smallest article, without inquiring to whom it belongs run to their parents or guardians, and mention the misfor. This easy rule, and asking leave before they take any thing, tune' which may have happened to them. The lesson of even when very young, will give them a strong sense of the carefulness may be inculcated upon them by showing the duty of honesty, as enjoined by God,—such, indeed, as más waste occasioned by the breaking and destroying of useful never be effaced. And here, I will just advert to that unjusti. things, and the good purposes to which might be applied the fiable inquisitiveness that leads to listening at doors, prep. money necessary to replace them. If a stronger motive ing into letters, and other mean devices to gain intelligence, be found necessary, let it be the privation of some pleasure, which ought to be strictly prohibited.
They should be or the obligation of making good the loss.
taught an abhorence of all indirect means of satisfying their If children be deceived by others, they will too soon curiosity; and that they ought not even to look at the corlearn to deceive in turn. Never, therefore, let things be tents of an open letter without liberty; nor, indeed, of aus misrepresented to them. If it be not proper for them to other writing that does not belong to them. receive the information which they require, it is far better
But above all, particular care, should be taken that all to tell them, that it is not fit for them to know, that there. those emotions and acts which, in the remotest degree, tend fore you do not think it proper to answer their inquiry, to produce the habit of cruelty or insensibility to the surferthan to misrepresent or mistate. Never let them hear the ings of others, be most sedulously checked ; and every thing that is not, even in jest ; never let a falsehood becentive to them, and every possibility of practising them, uttered in their presence. Let them feel the bad effects of be removed, as far as authority of parents and heads of silying in being treated with disgrace and contempt. If, un milies can extend. If passion impel them to strike, to happily, they are addicted to the wretched habit of lying, scratch, or to any other open violence against its object
, ki enjoin servants and playfellows, in their hearing, to ask children feel in themselves the pain occasioned by such acts them no questions, because they cannot depend upon truth
to the person acted upon. In such cases, perhaps, it would in their answers ;- and let their assertions, upon indif- be right and efficacious to follow the ler talionis, the law ferent, as well as serious subjects, make no impression of retribution, and inflict stroke for stroke, and scratch for Such treatment will probably be far more efficacious than scratch; that from experience they may learn the unple3corporal punishment.
sant effects of such indulgence of passion. The first wote. When the propensity to lying is in a child more ad.
ment may be given to irritable feelings in the minds even of vanced, perhaps the best method to cure it is, by explain the tenderest infants, by their being taught and entouraged ing, in a few forcible words, not only the sin, but the folly to vent their indignation against persons who control or of an offence which deprives him who is guilty of it, of our contradict them in any respect. How often do xery Foring confidence, and debases his character ; shew him that in lying children hear the exclamation from their nurse-maids
, and he commits a greater crime to hide a smaller one ; that he sometimes even from foolish mothers-“ Naughty brother, has nothing to hope from telling a falsehood, nor any thing
or naughty sister, or cross Sally, beat him i beat her!" | to fear from speaking truth.
have seen the hand of the baby, as yet incapable of underTale-bearing is also a habit attended with degrading and standing the dangerous exhortation, lifted up by the nurse injurious consequences, to which young people in general are who was carrying the precious burden, and made to perform but too much addicted
, and which seldom fails to produce the operation of striking. Nay, so far is this mischievous censoriousness and falsehood. Children should be strictly folly carried, that it is not uncommon, when a child has guarded against it, both by precept and example, and early hurt itself by falling, and is expressing its feeling by tears taught not to speak to the disadvantage of any person. and cries of vexation, to hear the absurd outcry—Beat An early and deep-rooted sense of strict justice, is the the table
, or beat the floor, or beat the chair!_naughty proper soil wherein to nourish every moral virtue ; and table
, Aloor, or chair, to hurt baby?”. A more efficacious it should therefore be the constant care of parents assiduous mode of teaching revenge
, and of cherishing irritable com ly to instil this into the tender minds of their children. tions could not be devised. The feelings of benevolence will never be uniform nor extensive in their operation, unless they are supported by a flowed from ungovernable anger, and what mischief is often
Let children requently be told what dreadful effects hare strong sense of justice. Hence the necessity and propriety committed in the heat and storm of passiop; which, after of setting before them, on all occasions, both by precept and wards
, is followed by bitter sorrow and remorse. Let them example, the most scrupulous
integrity, liberality, fair- be taught never to speak or act while the fervoar of pasien dealing, and honour, consistent with the Divine rule of rages in their bosoms ; to be on their guard, and eo curto doing unto others as we would that others should do to us.
themselves as soon as they feel its glow beginning. Far from indulging a smile, therefore, at any instance of selfish dexterity, they should see that we view it with de important habit of restraining passion, may be formed and
If proper and powerful motives be used, the habit
, the rule occur, they ought never to be passed by in silence As, is an object worthy of the closest attention
, and of the most for instance, when a child has received an act of kindness assiduous exertions of parents. I am, &c., or generosity, an appeal ought instantly to be made to his feelings, and the duty of contributing, in a similar manner, Edinburgh, Jan. 17, 1833.
CAPITAL IN TRADE.
claims upon others; that is, of debts due to them. Their Tue stock possessed by an individual, whether it be of stock is in the hands of others, to whom they have lent it, money, or of articles which can be exchanged for money, upon condition of receiving a payment for it, which is calof for other articles, is called his capital. When a man
led interest. Thus, if a man lend another a hundred sets up in business, he must possess capital, or credit, or pounds, at five per cent interest, he receives five pounds for both. "If he has made or produced any
article himself, the the use of that hundred, or centum (a Latin word, meaning article so produced is his capital. For instance, a farmer hundred, which is shortened into cent.) per annum; that is hay have grown a quantity of hay, which he has to sell ; but he receives a payment
for the use of it ; while the bo
by the year. The lender does not use his capital himself, and in that case the hay is capital, as much as any money sahich he may have in his purse or in a bank; or a watch rower, if he trade with it, buys articles which he endeavours maker may have made a watch, and that watch being ex.
to sell at a larger profit than he pays for the money which bangeable for provisions or clothes, or any thing that he he has obtained npon credit, and which money is said to be wants, or for money, is also capital. By capital, a man
borrowed capital. He often acquires profit, by what men may obtain from another whatever he wants for his own in trade call turning his capital. For instance, if he bor. tar, or which he intends to sell, if he has something to
row L.100 on the first of January, and buy with it a quanafier of value equal to that which he desires to purchase. tity of articles which he sells for 1.110 by the 1st of April; By credit he also obtains what he wants, though generally and if he does the same over again by the 1st of July, and ipon less advantageous terms, because he has no capital over again by the first of October, and over again by the nmediately to give; he promises to give the capital at
1st of January in the next year, he will have turned his wme future day. We shall present an example of both borrowed capital four times in the year, and will have made nodes of dealing. A poor but industrious lad went to a
a profit of thirty-five pounds, over and above the five pounds wholesale tea-dealer in London, and said, “ If you will which he has to pay to the man who has lent him the rust me with a pound of tea for one day I will bring you which he has made as profit, he has so much clear capital ;
If he is enabled to lay by the thirty-five pounds he money for it at night, and I can support myself by but if he has incurred debts equal to, or beyond that sum, telling the pound of tea in small quantities.” The price of the tea was' six shillings; and the dealer having con- he has really no capital at all. Industry and skill will sented, the poor lad went to his neighbours to sell them the rapidly produce capital ; while, on the other hand, idleness bra at sixpence an ounce. There being sixteen ounces in the and mismanagement will as quickly consume it. We have pound, by disposing of that pound he made a profit of two
heard of an elder brother who had a thousand pounds left shillings; that is, he had two shillings clear gain after he him by his father, which he locked up in a chest, and had paid for the tea at night; and so, having done the same
spent as he wanted it. In five years all his money was thing for three days more, and having only spent sixpence gone, and then he had to sell his furniture to buy food; ach day for his food and lodging, he had six shillings in
and when that was all sold he got into debt ; and being hand. This money was his capital, and it was no longer then poor and idle, he went to gaol, and would have gone to a Becessary for him to buy upon credit ; and he went on
workhouse but for his younger brother, who had no capiincreasing his capital till he became possessed of more and tal when their father died. He, however, had his industry more capital-whether of tea or money—so that he could for his support, and out of that he gradually created capi. afford to take a shop. He then had to buy scales, and tal, went into business, and was prosperous and happy, dnwers, and counters, and other things, which were ne
because he always lived within his means. Men in busiregarsjfor him to use in his trade but not to sell. These ness, in this, and in all other large commercial countries
, what men in business call a fired capital ; the
are often ruined by what is called trading beyond their camurplus money or disposable articles which he had gather- pital. This they are sometimes enabled to do by the emed together by his industry,' were what they call a float- ployment of fictitious capital; that is, by the issue of ing capital The tools of a working man are fixed capital; more bills or promises to pay money, than they have and if he part with them, he loses sonie of his power of real capital to meet.--From the Working Man's Comearning other capital by his labour. Even a savage, who panion. has a hut to live in, and a stock of roots for his food, in the season when the ground produces him nothing, and has
MY FATHER'S HOME. lines and hooks to catch fish, and a pot to cook them, has a capital. This is his fixed capital, which he must acquire
From the Chameleon. for his own support ; but if he has raised more food than ACROSS the troubled Loch I see he wants, and has any to exchange for iron, or clothing,
A small white cottage, 'neath a gleam with a ship that touches upon his shores, he has a disposable Of sunlight, resting partially or fisting capital. When the people of any country have got
On that one spot with fondling beamtagether a great many things of value, such as houses and
There turn my thoughts where'er I roamfurniture, manufactories and machines, stocks of corn or It is my father's children's home! wine, and other articles of comfort or luxury, then the nation is said to possess capital ; it is called 'a rich nation. Like the chafed wave, 'twixt it and here England, which has great abundance of every article, for
My surging spirit darkly swells ; the supply, not only for her own people, but of foreign na.
Yet one bright spot of love will ne'er tions, is therefore called rich ; while, on the contrary, such
Grow dim beneath its moody spells.' a country as Lapland, in which scarcely food and clothing
Howe'er the storm cloud o'er me come, enough are produced for the rudest wants of the natives, is
Bright be my father's children's home! called poor. But though a nation may be rich, a large There dwell the sisters dowered with aught number of its people may be poor. There are a great many
Of love once warmed a heart now cold ; Fery poor and wretched persons in the richest nations, be Which still, for them would think it nought cause these persons have no capital, and there is not a suf
To coin its life-drops into gold. ficient demand for their labour. Such an unfortunate state The bright-eyed urching there, too, roam, of things in which the men without capital are desirous Who glad a gray-haired father's home. to work, brit can get no work to do, may arise from many causes; and the best government may be unable to remove
My blessings on the much-loved spot ! the evil. It is the duty, both of governments and of indi
Because I love the dwellers there; viduals, to labour as much as they can to amend or miti.
When they are loved not, or forgot, gate this evil. Many men of capital are only possessed of
Unanswered be my fondest prayer!
Heaven shield my father's children's home!
Holy Loch, August 1831.
EDINBURGH: Printed by and for JOHN JOHNSTONE, 19, St James's
Booksellers, Glasgow; and sold by all Booksellers and Venders of
TO A SLEEPING CHILD, ;
to recent important discoveries at Ponspeii. Colonel Ro. O sleep, my little infant boy,
binson, it seems, in boring, as the French do, for Artesian A mother's care shall guard thy bed ;
wells, first fell upon a spring resembling the Seidlitz waters, 0, once thou wert a father's joy,
which is already much resorted to, and has performed many But now, alas ! he's cold and dead !
cures. But a far more striking discovery ensued—110 lessthan He toiled both night and day for thee;
that of the long anticipated Port of Pompeii, with its fisa But now in vain the tear is shed,
sels overthrown upon their sides, and covered and preserved For him who lies beneath the seaAlas! sweet child, thy father's dead!
by the eruptive volcanic matter, which has thus anchored
them for so many ages. About thirty masts have been Then sleep, my little orphan hoy;
found. What a mine of curiosity lies below, to gratify 01. Theu'lt never know a father's loveBut still thou art thy mother's joy,
thirst for knowledge of these remote times ! And his whose spirit soars above !
ANTEDILUVIAN REMAINS.-In the middle of la: Great God! my little child protect,
month, two fishermen, being employed on the banks of the In the paths of grace to seek thee!
Lippe, near the village of Ahsen, in Westphalia, and at a Lord, the little lamb direct
moment when the water was unprecedentedly low, disco. To obey his shepherd meekly !
vered a heap of bones lying in the bed of the river, and And when death's long night is come,
conveyed them ashore. It was a superb and perfect speciHeedless let it not o'ertake him
men of a mammoth's head, in excellent preservation, and Bear him to his long loved home,
of an unusual size. For instance, the four grinders are And in realms of glory wake him.
from six to nine inches in diameter, and the two tusks, the TO MY BOOKS.
of which was found adhering to the chin bone, are betties
three and four feet in length. My faithful monitors! unchanging friends,
METHOD OF QUELLING A RIOT IN THE HIGHLANDS, To whom in sorrow, sickness, and despair,
_The Highlanders, in general, are a very kird, want. And when, by grief oppressed, my spirit bends
hearted sort of people, and seldom disposed to quarrel, e".
cept when affected by the exhalations of the mountain des; To earth, with sure reliance I repair,
The tranquillity, however, of a certain fiscal was recentis And solace find, and kindred hearts to share
disturbed, by one of those brawls that will occur in the And sympathize with feelings, which the cold, best regulated communities. He had been enjoying the er. The proud, the selfish, deem it weak to bear;
ciety of a friend, and the two had reached that happy poin.
of good fellowship, when parting is the thing farthest from Oh! ever let me sweet communion hold
their thoughts—the hearth had just been swept the subWith you, the immortal shades of minds of heavenly tile fame was blinking through the openings left in this mould:
well-built peat cairn ; and the ingredients for a fresh jorita
were smoking on the table—when “ Mary the Maid of the A Miser's OPINION of Books. - If you wish to know Inn” broke in upon them, and announced, in a lamentale what is desirable and good, you should look abroad among tone, that two men were fighting in Mac's, and the fismankind, and see what it is that they desire and pursue cal was vanted immediately. The reader, if he has any You must not read books my child ; books deceive you, social feelings about him, may easily imaġine how une your excellent mother read many books, and was misled by sonable a message of this kind was deemed by the world, them, and talked to me about that which I could not un. official. After scratching his head for sometime, (for vin derstand. There is a race after honours and riches; all
would not consult the crown lawyers in such a dilemma, men run that race except the indolent, who are beggars, and he turned to Mary, and told her to go Mac, and t. the conceited ones misled by books, who generally become him s to give the men a gill, provided they gave over fightbeggars in the end. Books and fine talk are the dust which ing!" _“. But if they'll no do't, Sir?” said Mary. "? the crafty ones throw into the eyes of their competitors in that case," rejoined the fiscal, turning to his toddy, “ te" the race after riches and honour. Look at this great and him to make the rascals fight till I come.” mighty city, (London,) wherein we live, and mark you how SUBSTITUTE FOR PAPER FOR COVERIXG WALLS.busy it is from morning till night; and for what is all this There is now getting into use, as a substitute for paper for business-must you read books to know ? No, no,-books covering the walls of dwelling-houses, a sort of cloth made tell nothing that is true, they mislead, they deceive. When of cotton wool, pressed by means of calenders, into a fat a man has toiled all day long and has gained money, is he sheet, resembling, in colour and appearance, a sheet of dit was uot pleased with liis gains-does he not count them over carefully and triumphantly? He will not throw his gold | is very stout, and seems in every way qualified to superardo
paper, and printed into a variety of suitable patterns ! into the the street, though books may talk much of the paper entirely, as it can be produced much cheaper. We pleasures of generosity. Generosity, my child, is a long understand, that there are very large orders for this sort of word, by means of which crafty people attack our pockets cloth. through our pride or superstition; and when they have done so, they laugh at us. - The Usurer's Daughter.
CONTENTS OF No. xxvi.
Mr. Stuart's Three Years in North America...
State of the Working Classes.......
Public Carriages in Britain...........
ELEMENTS OF Tuought-Slavery............. “ Though I never attempt to put forth that sort of stuff
The Story.Teller-We'll See About it-The Rapids........87 which the intense' people on the other side of St. George's Moral Training of Children........ Channel call eloquence,' I bring out strings of very in Capital in 'Trade.... teresting facts; I use pretty powerful arguments ; and I
My Father's Home...
To a Sleeping Child-To My Books A Miser's Opinion of Bonta.* hammer them down so closely npon the mind, that they SCRAPS-Cobbett's Account of his own Oratory--Pompei-MC seldom fail to produce a lasting impression.”
thod of Quelling a Riot in the Highlande... POMPEII-Most INTERSTING DISCOVERY..Our report of the last meeting of the Royal Society of Literature Bridge Street, Fdinburgh ; by John Macurod, and ATATANON notices a letter of great interest from Sir W. Gell, relative
EDINBURGH WEEKLY MAGAZINE,
CONDUCTED BY JOHN JOHNSTONE.
THE SCHOOL MASTER IS ABNOAD.-LORD BROUGHAM.
No. 27.-VOL. II. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1833.
MR. STUART'S THREE YEARS IN AMERICA. Washington appears to abound in Scotsmen.
Here we ( Continued from last Number.)
have another :We promised to give Mr. Stuart's more remarkable ren “ I had not been many days at Washington, when, going contres with our countrymen in the course of his travels accidentally into Mr. Jonathan Elliott's book-store, on the and now hasten to redeem that pledge. It is like sending Pennsylvania avenue, I found that he was a Scotsman from a long letter home.
Hawick, who had been in America for twenty years. He Near Troy, a flourishing town in the State of New York, dition. He is the author of several literary works.
had originally accompanied Miranda on his famous expe
At and not far from Albany, is a hill named Mount Ida. In
one time he edited a newspaper here ; he is at present enwalking up this eminence, Mr. Stuart stopped at a cottage gaged in writing a history of Washington, and is a printer half-way, and found it occupied by a Scotch family. as well as bookseller, and of so obliging and hospitable a
4 The name of the husband is William Craig, from Loch- disposition, that I am sure any of his countrymen who may winnoch, in Renfrewshire. His wife's name is Robertson, visit him will have a kind reception. He made me known They arrived in the month of May, 1828. Craig was,
to several persons whom I wished to sce, and accompanied within a few days after his arrival, engaged by the proprie- me to some of the public offices, to which I was anxious to tor of Mount Ida as superintendent of his farm, at 170 get admittance. Mr. Elliot describes Washington as a very dollars a-year, besides a good house, the constant keeping of cheap place to live at, the neighbouring country abounding a cow, vegetables, and potatoes. The proprietor was so
in the necessaries of life. Even canvass-back ducks are at much pleased with his management, that, before the crop present sold at 2s. 6d. a brace. 1829 was put into the ground, he insisted on Craig's becoming tenant of it, Craig giving the proprietor the usual share
" Mr. Elliott tells me, that, owing to the cheapness of of the produce, and the proprietor obliging himself, that if, the necessaries of life, he can amply inaintain a family of according to this arrangement, Craig had not 170 dollars nine persons, four of whom are servants, (I presume slaves,) a-year, besides the other articles before-mentioned, he would and three young people, for, nine dollars a week; he pointmake up the sum to that amount.”
ed out to me in the Capitol when we were on our way to
the library, Litourno's beef-steak and oyster-shop, which is In Washington Mr. Stuart met with a gentleman whom the Bellamy's eating-shop of the American Parliament. it is probable some of our west country readers may still Oysters seem to be the favourite lunch of the gentlemen in remember.
the forenoon." «On my perambulations in Washington, I observed on At Richmond Mr. Stuart met with a Mr. Forbes, who a sign-post, “ Kennedy, Theological Bookseller.” Thinking had left the west of Scotland about thirty years back, and that a theological bookseller was the very person to direct who had been a member of the Legislature of Carolina ; me in what church it was likely I should hear a good sermon on the following day, I entered his store, and we soon
and in Charleston he found another countryman, Mr. Ferrecognised each other to be from the same country. I found guson, from Golspie in Sutherland, who was bar-keeper of he was from Paisley. When he was a young man he was the hotel where he lodged. It was thus he found him, and attached to those political principles which sent Gerald, the history is valuable, as it shews us the condition of the Muir, Palmer, &c. to Botany Bay, and which were at that
slaves :time sufficiently unfashionable. He had been induced to attend the meetings of the Edinburgh Convention, though « On returning to the hotel, I found a gentleman had, in not a member; but Mr. Kennedy's brother, now a senator my absence, calied for me, and left a note asking me to din in Maryland, was a member of the Convention; and they with him next day. Having written my answer, accepting both thought it prudent, during the reign of terror in Scot. the invitation, I went to the bar-room to beg Mr. Street to land at that period, to emigrate to the United States. Mr. send it by one of the boys, of whom there were several Kennedy had been lately employed by the Government of about the house, but he at once told me that he could not the United States at Washington in making journeys, with send one of his slaves out of the house. The bar-keeper,
view to arrangements for the American colony of blacks Mr Ferguson, from Golspie in Sutherland, North Britain, on the coast of Africa, a very interesting settlement, of seeing my dilemma, offered to carry my note, and the landwhich more hereafter."
lord consented. Ferguson, however, afterwards told me, Mr. Stuart accompanied his countryman to church, and shewing me so much civility, because he knew that his pre
that the landlord had been very ill-pleased with him for heard a rather flowery sermon by a favourite orator, on sence was always necessary in the bar-room. Ferguson, which he makes some pertinent remarks. He saw tho? Pre- at the same time, told me that the slaves were most sident Jackson, his seat in no wise distinguished from the cruelly treated in this house, and that they were never other petes. The Presidene bowed at the conclusion of the allowed to go out of it, because, as soon as they were out of
sight, they would infallibly make all the exertion in their service to Mr. Kennedy, the old Scotch expatriated jacobin power to run away. Next morning, looking from my winof 1793 and thus the world wags.
dow an hour before breakfast, I saw Mrs. Street, the land.