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No. 48.-Vol. II.

SATURDAY, JUNE 29, 1833.



launch our bark upon the headlong current, only en

treating the good offices of the friendly bystanders, in THE READERS OF THE SCHOOLMASTER. helping us off the Shoals, and keeping us steadý whilo NEW SERIES.

we shoot the first Rapids. We hope to obtain as Monthly This Number of The School MASTER completes the Subscribers for JohnsTONE's EDINBURGH MagazinỀ, Second Volume, which, with the PoliticAL REGISTER, all those who have hitherto been weekly purchasers of consists of 516 pages. It concludes the work as a WEEKLY

our SCHOOL MASTER ; and trust that the nature of SERIES.

our undertaking, and the character and standing it has In making our acknowledgments for the kindness and already attained, will secure for the New Series of i encouragement with which THE SCHOOL MASTER has been The School MASTER the patronage of those who agres received, we beg to announce an important alteration in with us in the estimate formed of the advantages of which the mode of publication, which has been adopted after ma a Monthly Work is susceptible when compared with a ture consideration of what is best calculated to make a work Weekly Sheet. These advantages will, however, be of no of this nature of the greatest utility and permanent interest. avail without corresponding zeal, ability, and industry in

THE SCHOOLMASTER will henceforth appear as a improving them. We desire rather to be tried by perform MONTHLY PERIODICAL only, and under the inore direct ance, than credited on professions. name of JOHNSTONE'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE. JOHNSTONE'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINÉ will be puts: The first Number, for August, will appear upon the 31st lished by Mr WILLIAM Tait, Bookseller, 78, Prince's July, and will be sold at Eight PENCE. Considering the Street, by whom all Booksellers and dealers in the country size and quality of the Paper, and the quantity of Letter will be supplied with the utmost punctuality, in the sanie press contained in each Number, it will be found the cheap- parcels which convey his own Magazine. The Booksellets est Monthly Magazine that has ever appeared in Britain.

in Edinburgh may be supplied with this work, either by Johnstone's EDINBURGH MAGAZINE will regularly Mr Tait, 78, Prince's Street, or by Mr John Anderson, appear in all the towns of Scotland, England, and Ireland Jun., 55, North Bridge Street. upon the same day as the other Magazines; and at the

* Prospectuses of JOHNSTONE'S EDINBURGH Má, price of Eightpence, will contain nearly as much letter of the plan of the work.

GAZINE will be issued immediately, giving a detailed view press as the Three-Shillings-and-Sixpence Magazines. It

19, St. James's Square, 29th June, 1833. is intended to "snipply, as far as is compatible with the

BANKRUPTS. limits of such a work, a MAGAZINE and REVIEW, with a Register of Public Events and REMARKABLE

The whole system of the bankrupt laws is framed with DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES; Lists of Births, Marriages

, abused in the most scandalous manner by the fraudulenta

á lenity which, contemplating only the honest bankrupt, is and Deaths, &c. &c. One reason for the change, is the We believe it to be a fully ascertained facts that one-half of belief that these objects may be better effected in a MONTHLY work, which admits of greater scope in balanc

the bankruptries are fraudulent. There are, of course,

shades of fraud, from the wholesale robber of the public, ing and arrangemerit, than in detached sheets appearing who makes himself a bankrupt for the direct purpose of conweekly. But the niost powerful motive is the decided pre

veying away the property of his creditors, and enabling him. ference which the public have shown to THE SCHOOLMAS- self to start breast-high in the world again, down to the TER in Monthly Parts, and the certainty that we could petty-larceny bankrupt, who secretes but a portion of the make these Parts better were they published as a Monthly property of others, and in the general wreck makes a privy Periodical.

purse for himself. But, if the sternest hand of the law grasped Without the prospect of larger sales than any monthly the majority of bankrupts, it would do good national services periodical has ever yet obtained, it would have been rash

As the matter now stands, the commissioners may have been and ill-advised to hazard this important change in the form harsh beyond the general custom/ But where is the tradesof publication. But having explained the motives which man who seems to be the worse for his bankruptcy? In it induce the alteration, we throw ourselves with confidence multitude of instances bankruptcy is clearly the high road upon the intelligence and kindness of all who, valuing use to fortune. The merchant whom we saw in the Gazette ful and humanizing knowledge, wish to encourage the dif- yesterday, we see to-morrow in a showy establishment, per fusion of cheap literature.

haps with a villa, certainly with a gig, and probably a baWe have watcheu “ the stream of tendency," and bolus rouche, or probablya couple of them. He has alipped througla

the fingers of the law, that ought to have been roand his neck: THE AMERICAN INDIANS IN CANADAand he has now nothing to do but to reinforce his servants'

MISSIONARY LABOURS. hall, order in his pipe of wine, and throw open his doors in MR. MAGRATH, to whose letters from Canada we allade

Place, or Square, to his wife's select party in a late number, has given a very pleasing and full accoup: of five hundred friends. - His next step is a borough ; or, if of an Indian village of the Mississaguaswhich will, we he fuel popularly inclined, a canvass for the county. We think, interest our readers. then find him flourishing for a year or two in directorships, * The village," he says, " consists, as well as I recollert. the management of companies, the proprietorship of canals, of twenty-four houses inhabited by about two hundred and and the projectorship of every new-fangled contrivance for thirty individuals. It is situated on a high bank of the the robbery of every man who is silly enough to confide in river Credit

, where what is termed the Pond of that rive

begins. him. Then comes the crush again. The man of plums “On the flat immediately below the present village, the and prosperity again sinks into the Gazette, again comes out Mississagua Indians, and other tribes, were in the habit ar of it clear as the new-born babe, again sets up the counting- encamping for the purpose of salmon-fishing, during the house, the curricle, the villa, and leads a life of impudent de- season. fiance of the common honesty of mankind, and insolent in

“ Their camp, at that time, presented the most heters dulgence in every luxury that fraud can supply; until the bones, offals of deer, and putrid filth of every descripties

geneous mass of dirty wigwams, surrounded by heaps of fish bloated feeder on public credulity and legal weakness goes How different is its present appearance! laid out in beas in pomp to a grave, to which he ought to have been ushered tiful enclosures, well cultivated by their own hands, anal by the gallows.

having borne, in the last hárfest, the finest crop of Indian Of the many and endless ways in which fraudulent traders ceive that, instead of the drunken and savage brawla

corn ever raised in this country. It is gratifying to per prey upon the public. The following is a relation of one, which disgraced even their beastly orgies, happiness and we believe, very frequently practised. It is retailed in a peace have sprung up among them ; good order, sobriety, Periodical work :—“A firm in the Manchester line, which and cleanliness in house and person. I think I hear you had made some money, (I will not say how,) resided next by the Methodist clergy. Although I do not agree wità

say,--how was this surprising change effected ? bauswer, door to a large carpet warehouse, the proprietor of which them in politics, or as to church government, it is bot fait offered the trade and premises to his neighbours for a certain to allow them every credit for their zealous exertions sum. They in consequence entered into a negotiation for the amongst the Indians, which have been most sticoessful in sale and purchase of the same. The firm, which was sit- several instances, as well at Rice Lake and Simcoe Salle

ments, as here. · uated not far from Bow Church, suggested, that as the car

“In passing through our village at an early bour, I ham pet dealer had a good trade and credit, (although on the eve

often heard the niorning hymn sung by an Indian family, of showing embarrassment to his creditors,) he should make in a manner that would surprise a European, and wah a journey among the carpet manufacturers, and purchase as greater sweetness than in many churches. Their demeanlargely as he could, and fill the warehouse with goods, which

our is moral, their attendance at divine worship regular, they (the firm) would take, after deducting twenty per cent.

and their observance of the church service grape and al

tentive. from the invoice prices, together with the other goods on the “There are three chiefs resident in the village-Langer, premises at the same rate ; reminding the carpet warehouse Crane, and Jones.My friend, Lawyer, is certainly a very man, that, as his circumstances would constrain him to make intelligent and clever fellow, but in council they complain

of his being sometimes a little long-roinded. Crane is a a compromise with his creditors, the ready cash which would

fine specimen of a true Indian. He stands six feet fast be paid by them would enable him to offer prompt payment inches in height, with a lofty carriage that would do crede of a small dividend-an offer more likely to be acceded to to a guardsman, and fearlessly looks hea ven in the face." by his creditors, than a larger composition in prospective. “Mr. Jones, happening to dine with us in company with By this arrangement the firm realized upwards of 17001., some friends, surprised the new comers of the party, by the the carpet-man paid 5s, in the pound to his creditors, and perfect ease, and unembarrassed manners, with which he thus both parties were gainers, at the expense of honest acquitted himself in all the modern attentions of the table men." This statement, which is founded on facts, needs no light or graver subjects, with equal address.

conversing naturally with both ladies and gentlemen, on comment.

“They were also struck with his dress, the full castust This is only one sample of many others of daily occur.

of an Indian chief—a coat (made in formd of a shirt) or

deer skin, dressed in the Indian method withont the hair, rence in our virtuous metropolis. Abuses of every descrip- of a golden colour, and as soft as glove leather, tion, when about to be exposed, meet with opposition. The « On the front, and behind the shoulders, are la ppets ten principals in this transaction, aware of my knowledge of inches deep, beautifully punched in various patterns, like · their proveelings, in this and many similar doings, have had coarse lace or net-work-all seanis (instead of being sertd) the audacity to threaten any who may cause the

fastened with narrow stripes of skin cut into fringe for that erposé.

purpose. As this is not a place to indulge in digression, all I shall “The head dress valuable silk, or fine cotton bandsay for the present is, that every thing on city business will kerchief, in turban form; worn by some tribes with feathers be out in due time. I should have stated, that an eminent Leggins, reaching to the hip, and ornamented on the sider silversmith had some participation in this nefarious trans

Mocassins, curiously ornamented with action, and that the Manchester warehousemen are at this porcupine quills, complete the drawing-room habit; whilst moment prosperously carrying on their trade, on the pre-equip the Indian for the woods. As he becomes erilized,

the tomahawk, scalping knife, tobacco pouch, and riile, wises of the carpet-dealer so respectably obtained. How silver ornaments, previously worn in proñision, até Hie is it that these receivers of stolen goods are not more exposed? | aside, and the European dress of his white brothetis Is it because they all become rich, and, by the modern gauge adopted. of respectability, are influential, and company for gentlemen?

“ I have frequently met John Brandt, the Mohawk chici,

at the Government house, and in the first circles." "Heat•Men are what they name not to themselves, fomentu 2.100 tends all our assemblies, and dances quadrilles much better And trust not to cach other.".

than many of Garboi's pupils. His manners are perfectly

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those of a gentleman, and our ladies have no objection to cient to carry away the provisions I embarked at five in * trip it on the light fantastic toe,' with a thoroughbred the morning. When three miles distant from shore, the Indian chief.

sudden swell of the lake, and black appearance of the sky “ John Brandt was returned as member for his county, to foreboding storm, I directed the men at the paddles to turn the last parliament, and made some excellent speeches in back, and, before we had got within a mile of shore, the the house; but, on a petition, lost his seat, by some trifling waves (as is often the case in those lakes) running mouninformality in the Election.

tain high, we made every possible exertion, but very little As amongst the 'untutored' Indians are to be found way. all the worst traits of uncivilized life; so are there to be “ The wind was right ahead, the canoe small, and met, especially among the chiefs, noble specimens of digni. freighted with six persons_but she rode it like a duck. fied and rational character ; and those that I have men We at length reached the land, nearly exhausted, and I was tioned are not singular in this respect.

welcomed back with as much cordiality as if my absence “But whoever desires the true and characteristic picture had been for weeks instead of hours. Had we not returned of the Indian, must read the inimitable portraitures of we must have been inevitably lost; in a short time, howCooper in his unrivalled novels. The accuracy of their ever, I was safely lodged again in my old quarters. delineation I had the means of putting to the test.

“ About dusk, a canoe, with two squaws on board, was “On a hunting excursion through the woods for some observed struggling to make the shore. On inquiry, I weeks, with two Indians who carried my baggage, and a

found they belonged to our camp, had been about a mile few others who joined me, happening to have “The last of along the coast, for some fish which had been left behind, the Mohicans' in my pack, I read extracts to my party at and were blown out as they were rounding a head-land night, around the fire ; and the astonishment they expressed close to us. We could observe them throwing out the at a white man being able to describe their native scenes fish, and the group on shore had hopes of their arriving in and characters so precisely, was a greater compliment to safety; none, however, attempted to go to their assistance, the talented author than any I can pay him ; for the In- knowing that, in such a gale, both canoes would be endandian seldom forgoes his self-possession, or evinces feelings gered, as, by a sudden collision they would be upset or of pleasure or pain by words or gesture. On this occasion staved to pieces ; they, nevertheless, looked on with deep they were highly pleased, and expressed themselves so. One anxiety, when, as the little vessel rose on the summit of a night, when encamped on the shore of Lake Huron, our

wave, the foremost paddle snapt close to the hand of the literary party was interrupted by the sound of many pad. squaw that plied it, and disappeared. She lay down in dles, and we soon discovered that some new arrival had the canoe, and her comrade could do no more than prevent taken place. On going out, I perceived eleven canoes dis- it from turning. In a moment a canoe was launched by charging their crews opposite our encampment. In less two men, one of them the husband of her who still worked than twenty minutes there were fires blazing in all direc- that which was in distress; they were making some protions, and the cooking going on as if they had been there as

gress to her relief, when it became so dark that we lost many weeks. Shortly after, two chiefs came forward, sight of both. The shouts of the two men to discover shook hands with me in the free and friendly manner an

where the canoe lay were feebly answered by the unhappy Indian generally does, and, at my request, supped with me.

women, and then all was still. They had come to that part of the lake to take white fish, “I had a fire lighted on the beach, as a beacon to direct which is the best fish; and, there, most abundant.

them, in the excessive darkness of the night. The group “Next morning I had a noble dish sent me as a present, around it formed the finest subject for a painter that can by the Chief, Wagna ; and, on his signifying that they be imagined. There we stood, about eighty in number, would take to the fishing-ground at noon, I purchased one gazing at the flame, blown by the wind in all directions, of their bark canoes and paddles, for five dollars, and joined the light thrown strongly, but fitfully, on the features and the Fleet.

figures of the Indians, but not a word was spoken at “Will you believe it? I never passed a more agreeable length the grating sound of paddles reached our ears; the time in my life, than when surrounded by this party, at light of the immense fire flashed on the approaching canoe, times 150 in number; nearly one hundred miles from any and the persons it contained—the two enterprizing men, settlement, and I myself the only white man (not very while accompanied by one female ! _Poor Segenauck,-the wife either) in the entire camp. My tent was pitched on a green of an attached husband, who hoped and tried to save her, bank, about twenty yards from the wigwams, with its door-Was no more! to the lake, into which I plunged every morning from my

“ They landed—not a question was asked—all retired to bed, and either joined my companions during the day, in their wigwams in solemn silence. In a few minutes I hauling the net ; or, taking my rifle to a deer pass, never

was alone. failed of sport, as some obliging Indians were always ready

« The manly and dignified manner in which this melanto surround a portion of the bush, and drive the game in choly occurrence was received the solemn, but silent tribute the direction where I stood. This was generally at the of regret paid by all to the memory of one of their tribe entrance of the valley; and, with two or three good marks thus suddenly called away, gave me a still more favour. men below me, we seldom returned lightly laden. I always able impression of my Indian companions, and sent me to beat the Indians at a running shot, at which they are not bed, with the storm in my ears, and its fatal result occuexpert ; but, whatever might be our individual success, all pying my waking and sleeping thoughts till morning. I we shot went into the general stock; and, whether I went learned, then, from Segenauck's husband, that as soon as out or not, my table, or rather my mat, was regularly fur- the canoes came near, each other, the squaw at the head, pished with fish, duck, or venison, in profusion. With taking hold of the gunwale of that in which he was, cauwhat pleasure I look forward to another such excursion! tiously stept in, forgetting, in the hurry and danger of the At night the shore was brilliant with the fishing lights in moment, to keep hold of that she had left, which, losing the canoes ; and I had to walk but twenty paces into mine, the weight in front, rose at once out of the water, was to enjoy as fine sport as the most enthusiastic fisherman blown round and upset, without a possibility, on his part, could desire.

of saving his unfortunate helpmate. “ After a residence of six weeks with my red brothers, I fine. I left the camp at break-of-day, and was soon out of

“ The storm ceased in the night; the morning was very prepared to return homeward, and felt much regret at sight of my kind and hospitable companions. I quitted parting from them, so marked was their kindness to me, them with a degree of regret, in which, I have since found, and so good-natured their attention. When I fixed the day, I was not singular. In Moore's Life of Lord Edward every one had somet) what they presented, two canoes would have been insuffi- himself to the same effect ; and I have heard many say, to give; and had I accepted half Pitzgerald, we find that unfortunate nobleman expressing

that those who were long in the habit of Indian society, were . This chief is since dead,

generally fascinated by it."

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some hit and shook the beds in wbich they lay: tant in the

morning none was found there nor had the door bren DR. Plot, in his Natural History of Oxfordshire, relates opened where the billet-wood yas kept. The next might a marvellous story of a ghost which Sir Walter Scott has the candles were put out, the curtains rateled, and a drnd. employed in one of his romanc-s. Soon after the inurder ful crack like thunder was beard, and one of the arrana of King Charles I. a commission was appointed to survey running in haste, thinking his, master was killed; font the King's house at Woodstock, with the manor, park, three dozen of trenchers laid snoothly under the quilt bykini. woods, and other demesnes belonging to that manor. One But all this was gothing to what succeeded afterwards Collins, under a feigned name, hired himself as secretary The 29th, about midnight, the candles svent out, sous. 10 the commissioners, who, upon the 13th October, 16499, thing walked majestically through the room, and opened and ipet, and took up their residence in the King's own rooms. shut the windows ; great stones were throwu violently inte His Majesty's bed-chamber they made their kitchen, the the room, some of which fell on the beds, others on the council-hall their pantry, and the presence-chamber was the floor; and at about a quarter after one, a noise was heard place where they met for the despatch of business. His as of forty cannon discharged together, and again repeated Majesty's dining-room they made their wood-yard, and at about eight minutes' interval. This alarmed and raised stored it with the wood of the famous royal oak from the all the neighbourhood, who coming into their honours'ın, High Park, which, that nothing might be left with the gathered up the great stones, fourscore in number, and by name of King about it, they had dug up by the roots, and them by in the corner of a field, where, in Dr. Plot's finas

, split and bundled up into faggots for their firing. Things they were to be seen. This noise, like the discharge of being thus prepared, they sat on the 16th for the despatch cannon, was heard over the country for several miles round of business; and, in the midst of their first debate, there During these noises the commissioners and their sertanti entered a large black dog (as they thought) which made a gave one another over for lost, and cried out for help; 11: dreadful howling, overturned two or three of their chairs, Giles Sharp, snatching up a sword, had wéll night kille and then crept under a bed and vanished. This gave them one of their honours, mistaking him for the spirit a la the greater surprise, as the doors were kept constantly came in his shirt from his own room to theirs. While they locked, so that no real dog could get in or out. The next were together the noise was continued, and part of the te day their surprise was increased, when sitting at dinner in ing of the house was stripped off, and all the windows op a lower room, they heard plainly the noise of persons walk an upper room were taken away with it.' 'On the 36th, at ing over their heads, though they well knew the doors were midnight, something walked into the chamber treading like all locked, and there could be nobody there. Presently a bear; it walked many times about, then threw the wateafier, they heard also all the wood of the King's oak brought ing-pan violently on the floor; at the same time a large by parcels from the dining-room, and thrown with great quantity of broken glass, accompanied with great starti violence into the presence-chamber, as also all the chairs, and horse bones, came pouring into the room with unce, stools, tables, and other furniture forcibly hurled about the mon force. On the 1st of November the most dreacha! room ; their papers, containing the minutes of their trans..

scene of all ensued. Candles in every part of the rokim pri actions, were torn, and the ink-glass broken. When all this lighted up, and a great fire made; at midnight, the cardies noise had ceased, Giles Sharp, their secretary, proposed all yet burning, a noise like the bursting of a canuon 3 to enter first into these rooms; and, in presence o. heard in the room, and the burning billets were taart the commissioners, from whom he received the key, about by it even into their honours' beds, who called Gilera he opened the doors, and found the wood spread about and his companions to their relief, otherwise the house Pad the room, the chairs tossed about and broken, the papers been burnt to the ground; about an hour after the candles torn, but not the least track of any human creature, nor the went out as usual, the crack as of many camon was heard least reason to suspect one, as the doors were all fast, and and many

pailfuls of green stinking water were throw the keys in the custody of the cominissioners. It was there- upon their honours beds, great stones were also throw fore unanimously agrecd that the power that did this mis- in as before, the bed-curtains and bedsteads toru and chief must have entered at the key-hole. The night follow- broken, the windows shattered, and the whole neizt ing, Sharp, the secretary, with two of the commissioners' bourhood alarmed with the most dreadful noises'; 13); servants, as they were in bed in the same room, which room the very rabbit-stealers, that were abroad that night was contiguous to that where the coinmissioners lay, had in the warren, were so terrified that they fled for fear, their beds feet lifted up so much higher than their

heads, and left their ferrets behind thein. One of their honenty that they expected to have their necks broken, and then this night spoke, anil

, in the name of God, asked what it they were let fall at once with so much violence as shook was, and why it disturbed them so? No answer was pirra the whole house, and more than ever terrified the commis. to this; but the noise ccnsed for a while, when

the spirit sioners. On the night of the 19th, as they were all in bed n the same room for greater safety, and lights burning by devils worse than itself. One of the servants now lighted

came again; and, as they all agreed, broughi tcith it setia them, the candles in an instant went out with a sulphurous a large candle, and set it in the doorway between the in sinell

, and that moment many trenchers of wood were chambers, to see what passed ; and as he watched it, hurled about the room, which next morning were found to plainly saw a hoof striking the candle and candlestick inte be the same their lionours had eaten out of the day before, the middle of the room, and afterwards, making time which were all removed from the pantry, though not a lock scrapes over the snuiff, scraped it out. Upon this the sim. was found opened in the whole house. The next' night person was so bold as they fared still worse ; the candles went out as before, the got it out when he felt another invisible hand hold

draw a sword, but he had scare curtains of their honours

’ beds were rattled to and fro with ing it too, and pulling it from him, and at length pre great violence, they received many cruel blows and bruises vailing, struck him so violently on the head with the by eight great peivter dishes, and a number of wooden pummel, that he fell down for dead with the blow. At this trenchers being thrown on their beds, which, being heaved instant was heard another burst like the discharge of the off, were heard rolling

about the roon, though in the mom- broadside of a ship of war, and at the interval of a minute ing none of these were to be seen.

or two between each, no less than nineteen such discharges The next night the keeper of the king's house and his These shook the house so violently that they expected trans dog lay in the commissioners' room, and then they had no monient it would fall upon their heads The neighbours disturbance. But on the night of the 22d, though the dog being all alarmed, flocked to the house in great number

, out ber of brickbats fell fruin the chimney into the room, the the noise continued in the other rooms, and the discharge of

and all joined in paper and psalm-singing ; during which dog howled piteously, their bed-clothes were all stripped cannons was heard as from without;

though no visible ngent all the wood or the king's oak was violently thrown down ing of all, anul put an end to thieit proceedings effectualis, by insir bed-sides; they counted 64 billets that fell, and happened the next day, as they were all at dinner, a leche

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paper, in which they bad signed a mutual agreement to re “ Yes ; I have heard them speak of the Cross-Keys, in Bel. serve a part of the premises ont of the general survey, and ton Street. There is a terrible flash-house in our neigh. afterwards to share it equally among themselves, (which buurhood.” paper, they had hid for thie present, under the earth in a “ Where is that?"-" That is the Cock, in the cornor of pot in one corner of the roon, and in which an orange tree Cock Court; and the worst house going is the Shades, for grew,) was consumed in a wonderful manner by the earth's thieves. I have heard them talk on board the Hutks and taking fire with which the pot was filled, and burning vio- in Newgate, too, about the Shades, dividing their spoils lently with a blue tame, and an intolerable stench, so that there of a night.” they were all driven out of the house, to which they could " Where is the Shades ?"_" In the Strand, againgt never be again prepailed upon to return.

Waterloo Bridge. You can go down there at twelve o'clock

at night, and stay there all the next day, if you' like. PICTURE OF A LONDON QUARTER AND MORAL There are men and women and girls, and all down there, EDUCATION OF THE PEOPLE.

and they go out thieving. I have heard them say, We Tur Morning Chronicle should take away its old motto

went out some days, and made L9 or L. 10, and then went about holding up a mirror of fashion, and exhibiting the down there, and called for pints of gin, and regulated our Court Circular, and place it over the Police Reports. There 100 Bridge ?"_" Yes; you can see Waterloo Bridge as you body of the time, its form and pressure,” from the top of the money there.'”

“ The Shades, you say, is in the Strand, against Wateris no such exact records of the true state of our popnlation as the moving drama of Bow Street. Sir Frederick Roe's tbeatre stand in the Shades; it is like a bar that you go in at-someis a more accurate mirror of the age than the patent one hard thing like the front of the Adelphi, and you go down stairs; by: Foreigners who are just now coming over in shoals

, heard some of them say,—and there is dancing, and singing,

- there is a collar under ground a very large place, I have all intent upon circulating in the higher regions of society, would learn far more of England from the police-offices

and dominoes, and cards played there." than Almack's or the Duke of Devonshire's. The view is

It may surprise many that places of this description are certainly not quite so flattering ; on the contrary, it exhibits found to exist in the very centre of our wealth, and comfort, our masses in a very painful state of degradation. But to and respectability ; but the fact is, people are blind to that know the truth is the first step to a cure, and to attempt to alleys, lanes-such as we have given a general description

which has long existed before their eyes. The streets, coarts, hide the fact is the folly which Horace condemus—that of concealing a cancerous shame. We are speaking not mere

of above--are at the back-doors of the best houses in town; ly of the crime of the metropolis, but its vice: it is not they crowd the neighbourhood of streets of the greatest tho: merely robbery and violence which come before the magis roughfare. Many who read what has been said above will trate, but domestic broils, quarrels, drunkenness, &c. &c., fancy that we are speaking of some modern Alsatia_the Pet. in the course of which is displayed incidentally the moral ticoat Lane of Whitechapel, the Rosemary Lane of the Mi-* condition of the party concerned. Poverty has inuch to do nories, or the Seven Dials of sevenfold infamy; if we had with the aggravation of the evil, but it is scarcely at the done so, it would have been bad enough, for all these places, bottom of it. Immorality of every description makes even

St Giles's to boot, are in the heart of London ; but more uncompetency miserable. We observe that among the lower suspected places than these are worse-both the north and classes of the town—the inhabitants of those quarters where south sides of the Strand and Fleet Street, for instance, are what are called respectable people never set foot, but by the doubly lined with infamy. merest accident-parties living together are very commonly

But there is something still more shocking than the exig.' not married, and have no shame on the subject ; that both tence of the mere holes and corners of thieves and prosti

sexes indulge in porter and gin to the very extent of their tutes in the heart of London. It is this that the abodes I means, usually spending the greater part of their casual earn

of the industrious and the quasi-honest are mixed up with ings in one long debauch-out of this state arise quarrels, them, and that without pain to either party. On the same bruises, and fights, not a tithe of which ever appear at the staircase dwells the drayman and the burglar; their chiloffices. While such scenes are going on in one apartinent of dren play together, and their quasi-wives interchange their the house, perhaps the cellar, the rest of the building is occu.

hospitalities and their conversation. In such quarters it is pied with the thief and the prostitute, a domestic pair, or

as little a disgrace to be a robber as it was in the time of the old hag of a receiver of stolen goods, and perhaps op

Homer. When a man is apprehended, he “gets into posite to her some dealer in flash paper or counterfeit coin. trouble," aud a sympathy for him spreads. The drayman, Mixed up with these je probably the hard-working lady's the waterman, the cab driver, the shoemaker, is not a rob shoemaker, or the poor man's cobbler with his wife, and ber, because he is in work. The boundaries of morality perhaps a family of eight or ten children playing up and amongst this large class are utterly confonnded ; at this down the stairs with the promiscuous progeny of the neigh present moment the only moral distinction they make is bourhood The street itself—and of such there are many that of rich and poor. Perhaps this great and overgrown hundreds is one rag fair. The receivers of stolen goods city contains withinits bosom a quarter of a million of expose bottles and old clothes; the rubbish shop placards such doctrinaires. As long as all is quiet, they go on “ Dripping bought here," as a trap to cook maids; the cob- sprawling in their own mud; if, however, times of a hot bler protrudes from his cellar huge draymen's shoes; the turbulence were to break out, the sections of St. Antoine green-grocer exhibits bis cabbages and potatoes ; the middle never poured toith such a race of monsters--mousters, we of the street is occupied with ragged brats at play, pregnant meani, of a bad edncation. Is nothing to be done for the women with arms a-kimbo, and in high disputation, with, suppression of crime--for the separation of the habitual perhaps, some half-a-dozen fellows in their shirt-sleeves and honest and the habitual dishonest--for the morab education pipes in their mouths, gazing listlessly from the various of the people ?-New Monthly Magasine. glassless windows above them. The corner of this precious retreat is sure to have a substantial gin-shop at its corner ; KING JAMES's Clasp KNIFE.—The word “ Jockteleg," and its well-woru swinging doors betray the constancy of which is still Scotch for a clasp knife, was of unknown its custom. Lower down in the street is the flash-house etymology till a knife was found with the inscription, the snug public, where crimes are concocted and concealed. * Jacques de Liege," who was a famous cutler, and supIn such holes

, as these, also, are the academies of theft, plied Scotland with clasp knifes. It is said of James vi., where burglary is taught on scientific principles where that to putzle his courtiers in England, he one day said to effigies, bung with wires and hells, are put exemplify his stable boy!Callan, ha’e, there's thretty pennies, gae the practice of pocket-picking.

wa' and buy me a jockteleg; angin ye byd, r'll gang to Before the committee of the House of Coinmons, a con the bougars of the house, 'an' tak' a cabar and reesle your vict was examined; among other questions (and the whole riggin wit*t;" That is, « Boy! here is thirty pence, go evidence is very curious) he was asked

and buy ne'a elasp knife; and if you delay, I shall go to « Did you ever hear the prisoners at the Hulke speak the roof of the house, and take a rafter and thrash your back of the places of resort in Londontheir flash-houses ?" with it."-Jamieson's Dict. in Voce.

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