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was unshipped when we first struck, and was abandoned. mighty workings, an awful blast drove us over the reef, and Now was the loud cry for the speaking trumpet, now for hurried us to sea. Hope beamed again, but it was found the hatchet, which for a time could not be found ; and that the ship had made five feet of water in ten minutes. what a hatchet when found! Never did I see a more di- The signal of distress was hoisted, and every possible effort minutive, ill-conditioned, useless article. I asked if there made to put the ship's head to the shore; but without the were no guns to fire signals of distress? No guns. No assistance of her rudder she was wholly unmanageable, and rockets to let off to acquaint the coast-guard with our con- very soon became water-logged. I now caught the capdition ? No rockets. It was evident that our captain had tain's eye; he motioned to me, and on reaching him, gave beea, as Napoleon said of Massena, a spoiled child of for me the dreadful intelligence that the ship was sinking, and tune! Always happy and successful in his adventures, his 1 must prepare Mrs. L-and my children for any event ! voyages deservedly fortunate, had superseded all contempla. I asked how long she might be before she went down ? He tion of disaster. Every effort was now made, by man@u- said, “ Some time yet." Without making any communi. vring the sails, to force us once more to sea, and made in cation, I conveyed my family on deck, and watched the provain; we were constrained to wait until daylight enabled gress the ship visibly made in sinking. Efforts were yet us to appreciate our real situation and condition, and pro- made to put the ship about, but they were made in vain. cure for us from the shore the necessary assistance.
Happily for our safety, the life-boat, better acquainted It is difficult to judge of distance on water, but I believe with the distressing features of disaster, had kept hovering we lay nearly half a mile from the beach. Every succeed around. I had grieved at its dismissal, but now suddenly ing wave raised the ship several feet, and, subsiding, we heard it hailing the captain to let go the remaining anchor. beat with trepiendous violence on the rock. An immense After dragging a little, he held on, and threw round her quantity of bricks had been shipped in lieu of ballast; bestern; but we were water logged, and made little progress. We tween these and the rock, the ship's bottom might represent were so low now, that every wave rolled in on one side and the metal works between the anvil and the hammer, and discharged itself on the other. It now became a question strange indeed it would have been had it not severely suf- of our returning proximity to the shoal, whether I should fered. Every wave was a fearful mountain, while the carry up my wife and children and lash them separately to hurricane momentarily threatened to shiver us into atoms. some material of buoyancy, and throw them over to the Such a storm has not been felt on these shores during the charge of the life-boat, which dared not approach us. We last fifty years. As the ungoverned state of the rudder was had thrown out a line to the boat, but it had quickly now breaking up all within its range, the binnacles were snapped, and we threw others, in the hope of keeping them removed below for security, and the rudder lashed to the at a short distance. We were now in extremes; and, as it boom; but these cords were soon rent asunder like threads appeared we must in a few seconds go down, I was prepar. After lying here in “darkness visible" for nearly two hours, ing cords for the safety of my family, when a squall a hunsometimes hoping we saw boats approaching to our assis- dred times more frightful than any that had yet assailed us, tance, sometimes fancying lights as signals, the dawn at gave hopes, and the crew cried out, “ Now--now the masts length assured us we were descried from the shore, where must go.” But still they stood, to our great danger and we saw a general activity corresponding to the peril of our annoyance. The ship had, however, felt the impulse reunhappy condition. Not a boat could, however, venture ceived from the last blast, and been impelled forward; and to put out through the frightful surf, and I own I saw little I saw some men clasping their hands, and looking to hope of relief while the elements continued their frightful heaven with great emotion. Simultaneously with this ravages.
The shore was now lined with spectators, but movement, the bowsprit turned up her nose to the gale, their probable sympathies could avail us nothing. While and now a shock succeeded which gave the glad auspicious this was our condition without, within the ship all was de- tidings of shore. The last nearly-overwhelming gale had vastation. At each new concussion something was strained lifted us forward, and proved our deliverance ; and now the and gave way. Bedateads, lamps, tables, and trunks, were exertions of the crew of the life-boat were increased tenfalling or burled from side to side with frightful noise, fold, and they were quickly under our stern. Our captain which made the females believe, in spite of our assurances, with intrepidity worthy of any period, lashing himself for the ship was breaking up. But now beamed suddenly security, jumped over the ship's side, and though overforth, in our extremity, the dawn of our deliverance. We whelmed by every wave, called aloud for the children first. had watched a team labouring along the shingle convey. I had taken them below, lest the fall of the masts should ing away to windward a boat. It was launched, and in injure them ; I flew down, and in an instant my eldest son the same moment manned. It was the Godlike life-boat, was in his arms. The life-boat was now riding on the equipped with the most intrepid crew that ever deserved their brink of the wave, and now was lost in the abyss ; but as country's gratitude. In half an hour of unequalled strug. she was descending, my son was caught by the heel, and, gles they were alongside, and boarded us, and now, indeed, I swinging round a part of a circle, as the captain loosed his saw countenances where the glad gleam of joy endeavoured arm, was caught head downwards by a dozen eager arms to penetrate through a mass of suffering and despair ; but raised for his safety. The second boy met with anore faciwe had scarcely interchanged congratulations when I was lity, and the infant was thrown and caught, when the told the boat had left the ship. I could not believe it. I whole crew, with generous sympathy, cried out—" Now ran aloft and found it true. I felt I had now a duty to per- the mother." The mother soon embraced her infants, and form to my family, and I asked the captain if the boat seemed to us protected by these our worldly saviours from were dismissed, what would be his plan? I represented destruction. The other females were then handed down, that as our rudder was useless, he could have no command with a youth of fourteen; and I next followed in agonizing of the ship if she floated with the coming flood, and if her anxiety to share with those I felt dearer to me than life, bottom was pierced, of which there could be no doubt, we the yet remaining perils. inust expect that if she dipped into deep water, she would Lifted sometimes mountains high, sometimes hidden fill and go down, and all would inevitably perish ; that it from all view in the depths into which we descended, we would be impossible, in her present crippled state, to work reached the shore amid deafening cheers from a thousand her into any port, and I submitted, therefore, that our heroes to whom danger was familiar, and who rushed into safety should be consulted above all things. Our captain the surf, braving all its perils for our security. The boat firmly answered, our safety was his principal duty, and first was soon lightened, when a tremendous wave dashed against care; that I might rely on him that he would not hazard it, and threw me into the raging surf. I was soon rescued ; our safety; and that if the ship were not in a condition to and as I was shaking the water from my clothes, my hand leave the shore, he would not attempt it. I own I returned was grasped by my dear Tom, who, looking anxiously in to my family with a heavy heart to announce the fearful my face, inquired, “ Shall we all live now, papa ?" I experiment.
must pause. The flood-tide was coming in, and the trumpet of our gal A cart was in waiting to convey those who required aid lant captain was again in full activity. After many co the small alehouse adjoining, where rustic clothing was
ONE OF THE PEKSONS
THE RUINS OF THE BRUNSWICK THEATRE
soon exchanged for those garments long saturated with ment my situation, my dress, the proprieties of time and brine. The captain and crew were left on the wreck with place, and I rushed forward to demand from her own liges one passenger, and two hours elapsed before the boat could confirmation or a denial of the truth of what I had heard. succeed in extricating these from the dangers assailing That motion saved my life. There was heard at the in them. For a considerable period the sea had been covered stant a sound which I cannot describe by crash, or roar, er with floating packages, carried by the storm and tide many any other imitative word in the language; it was not loud miles along the beach, and these, generally, rendered utterly - nor shrill—nor hollow: perhaps its associations in my useless : but at nightfall began the active work of plunder, memory with what followed may have fixed its peculiar and that which had resisted other violence, was soon con character in my mind-but I can only describe it to the veyed away from observation.
P. T. L. imagination by likening it to one's conception of the barsh, P.S. Perhaps I ought to add, that nearly every shred I grating, sullen, yet abrupt noise of the grave stone when it embarked with, including watches, plate, trinkets, &c., are
shall be suddenly raised from its sandy, clammy bed at the irrecoverably lost.
sounding of the last trumpet. One of the actors rushed
across the stage, and darted out by the side-door. Of the NARRATIVE OF JOHN WILLIAMS,
rest, those who were speaking stopped in the middle of a WHO WERE BURIED ALIVE IN
word; the hand raised in mimic passion was not dropped ; the moving crowd of human beings stood still, as if by one
impulse ; there was a pause of two or three seconds. Some, [Taken down from his conversation.]
whose mind was more present, raised their eyes to the mout: In the beginning of last autụmn, I was sent to London but the rest were motionless, even in the vagraat organs of on some matters of business, by my father, Mr. Williams, vision, and stood mute and still like a gallery of status. the building-surveyor of Chester, who is also known to I can even attempt to describe the sound which awok the literary world by his “Remarks" on some of the the scene from its appearance of death, only to give it the architectural antiquities of that city. I carried letters of reality. I would liken it to thunder, if you could mingde introduction to Mr. Nash, to Mr. Rickman of the House the idea of the explosion without that of its effects of to of Commons, and to another member of Parliament, whose the rush of a mighty torrent, if you could fani amalgi, name I do not wish to mention. The last gentleman mated, as it were, in its roar, the typical voices of pain, ant invited me to his house, overwhelmed me with professions horror, and confusion, and struggling, and death. I stalof esteem, and quite turned my head with his offers of gered back, and nearly fell into an abyss that was clores services. When the business which had called me to into the floor by a fragment of the iron roof on the very town was finished, I wrote to my father of the new pros- spot where ) had stood but a moment before. While rusti. pects that had been opened to me, and, in contempt of his ing up the side of the newly formed procipice to regain as advice and injunctions, determined on remaining in Lon-footing, by the single terrified glance I had time and light don to follow out a career so much better adapted to my to cast behind, I saw that the iron and wood were wet with talents than that of a provincial builder. An open quarrel blood and brains and the other horrible mysteries of a wat with my family was the consequence, but I took no trouble inner body, and that the “ living soul" i had just talked to appease their anger, being convinced that a very short to was not to be recognised by the sight as having ever time would prove the wisdom of my conduct, and enable borne the external characteristics of a human being. me to demand, rather than solicit forgiveness.
The light was suddenly shut out and yet so slowly as Two 'months passed away in expectation. My money to inflict upon my sight that which will ever stand between was spent, and the people at my lodgings began to abate it and the sun. Fragment after fragment rushed furiously in their civility, when I thought it necessary to bring my from the roof, but yet so thickly intermingled that I ai. patron to the point. I called at his house for that pur- not at this moment say whether or not the mass of me pose, and found him just stepping into a post-chaise. He was disunited at all in its descent. Then the bursting of seemed as glad to see me as ever, but, of course, had little the walls--the grating of the stones and the bricks as the time for conversation. When he had fairly seated himself were ground into powder--the rending of the planks ar in the vehicle, and, in my despair, I had ventured to ask, wooden partitions—the hissing sound of the lamps and how long he meant to be absent from town, shaking me brass-work—the damp crush of human bodies and the cordially by the hand, he informed me that, if there were yells of mortal agony from a hundred hearts, which seemed a call of the House, he might be obliged to return in the wilder and stronger even than the inanimate sounds that course of the session, but that, at all events, he would have had called them into
being—to choke, conqner, and silence the pleasure of seeing me this time next year. I do not them for ever. remember the carriage driving off, but the passers-by, stop All was dark. A weight was upon my shoulders which ping to look at me, as I stood like a statue on the flags, an Atlas could not have moved ; my left leg was between recalled me to myself, and I went home to my lodgings. two planks, and, as I discovered by feeling with my hand
It would be disgusting to pursue, step by step, the path before the pain announced it, it was broken and distorted. of my decline, which was now fearfully precipitous. From the side outline of the narrow chamber in which 1 st the parlour 1 sank to the tap-room—from the society of would have nearly described a right-angled triangle, the big masters to that of journeymen from the shabby surtout pothenuse leaning on my back; above I could extend met to the tattered jacket. My place of refuge was in Barlow hand to its full length without obstacle, but the apertame Court, a narrow lane in the neighbourhood of Wells Street, could not have admitted any thing thicker than the are and having some slight knowledge of the upholstery and before me was a wall apparently of solid iron, and below, cabinet-making businesss. I received employment acci- and at the sides, the surface, consisting of iron, brick, storses
. dentally in fitting up the Brunswick Theatre.
and wood, was broken into narrow interstices. My earnings were very small, but I contrived to cheat my When the united sounds I have described had snbsided hunger ont of sufficient to enable me to drown, almost every into a distant hum, a single voice rose upon my far; it night, in intoxication, the sense of my degradation and my the voice of the lady mentioned above ; it was me wit. despair.
shrill, unbroken scream. I do not know how long it lasted: The theatre was at length opened, although the internal I do not even know whether it was a human roice at all work was not all finished. I was in attendance at the fatal it did not stop for breath ; its way was not imşeded like rehearsal of the 28th of February, in the course of my duty. that of the rest
, by the intervention of the ruins; sinnte As I was passing across the stage, I was arrested by the after minute it continued, and every minute it became will voice of a new actress-a voice that had lingered in my ear er and shriller, piercing like an arrow through my head and in spite of every thing. The carnestness of my gaze was heart, till my tortured senses found temporary roller in is: observed by one of iny fellow-workmen, who informed me sensibility. that the lady whom I seened to admire so much was virs. My fainting-fit probably lasted a considerable time; se,
Mrs ! She was married ! I forgot at the mo. when I recovered, it was long before I could understand asy
situation, or recall any thing that had happened to my me mention next my hunger and thirst, and say that these mory. At length, piece by piece, the truth came before me, passions of the perishing body almost neutralized the effect and I could feel the cold sweat trickling down my brow. of the above sentiments of my immortal soul. Hunger, The voice I had heard existed probably only in imagination, indeed, may be borne, at least to the extent it was my lot for it was now silent. A low deep sound was humming in to endure it; but thirst is truly a chastisement “ of scormy ears, which I could at length distinguish to be the si. pions." multaneous groans of human beings, separated from me I have not described my feelings ; I have simply cata. either by distance or some thick and deadening barrier. logued, and in a very incomplete manner, their proximate My ear endeavoured in vain to divide it into its component
I suuk by degrees into a sort of stupor, from parts, and to recognise the voices of those I knew; and there wbich I was awakened by the light of heaven streaming was something more horrible in this vague mysterious mo full in my face, through an aperture made in the ruins by notony than if it had been distinctly fraught with the dy- my deliverers. The apparent apathy, or, as some term it, ing accents of the one I loved best on earth. I felt as if my philosophy, which I displayed, has been attributed to wrong lot must be bitterer than that of the rest. I was alone_I
The truth is, that although at first my body was was cut off even from communion of suffering ; while they, awoke, my mind was almost wholly insensible; it recovered I imagined, were together, and in the sound of one another's its consciousness by very slow degrees, and it was not until voices, and the touch, even, of one another's clothes, re. I was left alone at night, that I became completely sensible ceived some relief from the idea of total abandonment, of of my deliverance. agony unimagined and unshared.
This young man ultimately recovered. My senses, I believe, began to totter ; for I complained aloud of my lonely fate : I knew that I was behaving ab.
THE BLACK DEATH IN THE FOURTEENTH surdly, but I could not help it; I beat the iron walls of
CENTURY. my dungeon with my clenched hands till they were wet From the German of 1. F. C. Hecker, M.D.-Trans. with blood, and shrieked aloud with a voice rendered ter lated by G. B. Babington, M.D.—London. rific by the fury of despair. The voices of the rest ap The peculiar views and opinions advanced in this work, peared to be startled into silence at the sound—or perhaps we shall leave to be discussed by our medical journals-we it fell upon their ears like a cry of comfort and hope, an refer to it as an interesting and curious history of the greatanswer to their groans from the surface of the earth. After est natural calamity on record for the minute and aua pause, I heard another dul, heavy sound, like that pro. thentic particulars it contains of that pestilence which, in duced by a muffled drum; it was, in reality, a drum, and the fourteenth century, spread desolation over the earth probably beat by one of the band, as a more powerful means from China to Greenland, and which, it is believed, deof awakening attention than his own voice. The sound, stroyed at least one-fourth of the population of the whole in such circumstances, was inexpressibly awful; and when world, visiting England, indeed, with such peculiar severity, the hand that smote the instrument in so unaccustomed a that nine-tenths of the people perished; certainly the gescene wandered by habit into a regular tune, my sensations neral mortality must have been awful when, from the most were exaggerated into a species of horror which I can liken credible accounts, it would appear that 100,000 died in only to that which might be supposed to visit a religious London alone, and 51,100 in Norwich. Of its ravages in mind on witnessing some shocking and blasphemous im some continental cities, the particulars are here collected piety.
from the contemporary historians. At Florence there died It may seem a species of insanity to mention it; but certainly not less than 60,000*_Venice 100,000—in Marwhen the roll of the drum and the sound of human voices seilles, in one month, 16,003–in Sienna, 70,000 in Paris, had ceased, and after I had been left for a considerable 50,000—in Avignon, 66,000. But we shall now extract time, as it were, to myself, even in these circumstances of from the work some account of its desolating career :terror, and loneliness, and mystery, I possessed a species of
“ Cairo lost daily, when the plague was raging with its knowledge, which the denizens of the surface would have greatest violence, from ten to fifteen thousand, being as deemed equally useless and unattainable to those under- many as, in modern times, great plagues have carried off ground :-I knew the hour of the night. Like the idiot during their whole course. In China, more than thirteen who mimicked, at the proper intervals, the audible mea
millions are said to have died ; and this is in correspondsurement of time, after the clock was removed which had ence with the certainly exaggerated accounts from the rest taught him the practice, my inclination for drinking had of Asia. India was depopulated. Tartary, the Tartar been converted by habit into an almost unconquerable pas- kingdom of Kaptschak, Mesopotamia, Syria, Armenia, were sion, and returned at the accustomed time of its gratification. covered with dead bodies, the Kurds fled in vain to the In spite of surrounding circumstances, I fancied myself mountains. In Carmania and Cæsarea, none were left in the midst of my dissolute companions, in the scene
alive. On the roads, in the camps, in the caravansaries, of our coarse and vulgar revels ; I drank, but without unburied bodies alone were seen. In Aleppo five hundred being filled ; I becanie drunken with imagination; and the died daily; 22,000 people, and most of the animals, were close and poisonous atmosphere, which before had been bur carried off in Caza within six weeks. Cyprus lost almost thened with my groans, now rung with songs, and laughter, all its inhabitants; and ships without crews were often
and imprecations. This state of unnatural excitement seen in the Mediterranean, as afterwards in the North passed away, but the reaction which took place exhibited Sea, driving about, and spreading the plague wherever they all the symptoms that attend the awakening of the young went on shore. It was reported to Pope Clement, at Avigand inexperienced drunkard. With headache, sickness, non, that throughout tho East, probably with the exception faintness, fear, foreboding, repentanceI awoke, in “
of China, 23,840,000 had fallen victims to the plague. horror of great darkness."
Then the ideas, wholesome in themselves, but which in “ Merchants, whose earnings and possessions were un. such circumstances are felt like daggers, crowded round my bounded, coldly and willingly renounced their earthly burthened and wearied heart. My father-my family goods. They carried their treasures to monasteries and my arrogance.my ingratitude--my dishonesty—my mis- churches, and laid them at the foot of the altar; but gold spent time—my forgotten dutiesąmy blasphemed and un had no charms for the monks, for it brought them death. regarded God! I buried my face in my hands, but I could They shut their gates; yet still it was cast to them over not hide them from my soul. Slowly and sternly they the convent walls. People would brook no impediment to passed before me ; but the last idea swallowed up its pre- the last pious work, to which they were driven by despair. cursors ; and with a start and a shudder, I found myself When the plague ceased, men thought they were still trembling on the verge of eternity-on the very steps of wandering among the dead, so appalling was the living the judgment-seat
, entering into the presence of the awful aspect of the survivors, in consequence of the anxiety they and eternal Judge.
• According to Boccacio, 100,000; according to Matt. Villani, three It will be esteemed an example of the bathos when I out of five.
had undergone, and the unavoidable infection of the air. A few months afterwards an earthquake followed, at and Many other cities probably presented a similar appearance ; pear Kingsai; and, subsequent to the falling in of the and it is ascertained that a great number of small country mountains of Ki-ming-chan, a lake was formed of more towns and villages which have been estimated, and not than a hundred leagues in circumference, where, again, too highly, at 200, were bereft of all their inhabitants. thousands found their grave. In Hou-koung and Ho-nas,
a drought prevailed for five months; and innumerable "In many places in France not more than two out of swarms of locusts destroyed the vegetation ; while famine twenty of the inhabitants were left alive, and the capital and pestilence, as usual, followed in their train. Con felt the fury of the plague, alike in the palace and cot. nected accounts of the condition of Europe before this
“ The church-yards were unable to contain the dead, and great catastrophe, are not to be expected from the writers many houses, left without inhabitants, fell to ruins. of the fourteenth century. It is remarkable, however,
« In Avignon, the Pope found it necessary to consecrate that simultaneously with a drought and renewed foods the Rhone, that the bodies might be thrown into the river in China, in 1336, many uncommon atmospheric phenowithout delay, as the church-yards would no longer hold mena, and in the winter frequent thunder storms were them ; so likewise in all populous cities, extraordinary observed in the north of France, and so early as the measures were adopted in order speedily to dispose of the eventful year of 1333, an eruption of Etna took place. dead. In Vienna, where for some time twelve hundred in
In 1338, Kingsai was visited by an earthquake habitants died daily, the interment of corpses in the church of ten days' duration ; at the same time France suffered yards, and within the churches, was forthwith prohibited, from a failure in the harvest ; and, thenceforth, till the and the dead were then arranged in layers by thousands, in year 1342, there was in China a constant succession of ilsix large pits outside the city, as had already been done in undations, earthquakes, and famines. In the same year Cairo and Paris.
great floods occurred in the vicinity of the Rhine and France,
which could not be attributed to rain alone, for, everywhere, “ In many places it was ruinoured that plague patients even on the tops of the mountains, springs were seen to were buried alive, as may sometimes happen through sense burst forth, and dry tracts were laid under water in an isless alarm and indecent haste ; and thus the horror of the explicable manner. distressed people was everywhere increased. In Erfurt, “ The signs of terrestrial commotions commenced in after the church-yard was filled, twelve thousand corpses Europe in the year 1348. were thrown into eleven great pits; and the like might, “On the island of Cyprus, the plague from the East bad more or less exactly, be stated with respect to all the larger already broken out; when an earthquake shook the forecities. Funeral ceremonies, the last consolation of the sur-dations of the island, and was accompanied by so frightful vivors, were everywhere impracticable.
a hurricane, that the sea overflowed, the ships were dashed “ In all Germany, according to a probable calculation, to pieces on the rocks, and few outlived the terrific eremit there seems to have died only 1,244,434 inhabitants ; this
whereby this fertile and blooming island was conferted country, however, was more spared than others : Italy, on
into a desert. Before the earthquake a pestiferous mind the contrary, was most severely visited. It is said to have spread so poisonous an odour, that many being overpowered lost half its inhabitants; and this account is rendered cre
by it, fell down suddenly, and expired in dreadful agonies. dible from the immense losses of individual cities and pro “ Pursuing the course of these grand revolutions further, vinces ; for in Sardinia, and Corsica, according to the ac
we find notice of an unexampled earthquake, which, count of the distinguished Florentine, John Villani, who the 25th of January, 1318, shook Greece, Italy, and the was himself carried off by the Black Plague, scarcely a neighbouring countries.-Naples, Rome, Pisa, Bologna, third part of the population remained alive; and it is re- Padua, Venice, and many other cities suffered considerably; lated of the Venetians, that they engaged ships at a high whole villages were swallowed up. Castles, houses, and rate to retreat to the islands ; so that after the plague had churches were overthrown, and hundreds of people were carried off three-fourths of her inhabitants, that proud city | buried beneath the mins.' In Carinthia, thirty villages was left forlorn and desolate. In Padua, after the cessa
together with all the churches, were demolished ; more tion of the plague, two-thirds of the inhabitants were want.
than a thousand corpses were drawn out of the rubbish; ing; and in Florence it was prohibited to publish the numbers of the dead, and to toll the bells at their funerals, few of its inhabitants were saved ; and when the earth
the city of Villach was so completely destroyed, that very in order that the living might not abandon themselves to
ceased to tremble, it was found that mountains had been despair.” Dr. Hecker seems inclined to attribute this fatal pesti- left in ruins.
removed from their positions, and that many hamlets were lence to the great revolutions in the organism of the earth, which preceded its appearance . Dr. Babington, however, neighbourhood of Basle, and recurred until the year 1360
« These destructive earthquakes extended as far as the well observes, “to assume causes of whose existence we have no proof, in order to account for effects, which, after throughout Germany, France, Silesia, Poland, Englandi, all, they do not explain, is making no real advance in
and Denmark, and much farther north." knowledge—still , I regard the author's opinions, illustrated which preceded this frightful pestilence, Dr. Hecker ad verta
Having thus briefly referred to the natural phenomena as they are by a series of interesting facts diligently col. lected from authentic sources, as, at least, worthy of ex
to the moral consequences which followed. The fears, the amination before we reject them; and valuable, as furnish- mental agonies of the people, of course influenced them ***
“An awful sense of con ing extensive data on which to build new theories.” We cording to their several natures. intend to confine ourselves to recording the facts so collected. trition seized Christians of every communion ; they resolved “ From China to the Atlantic, the foundations of the fences, before they were summoned hence—to seek recom.
to awake from their vices, to make restitution for past el
. cirth were shaken_throughout Asia and Europe the atmosphere was in commotion, and endangered, by its bane- ciliation with their Maker, and to avert, by self-chastis ful influence, both vegetable and animal life.
ment, the punishment due to their former sins." “ The series of these great events began in the year 1333,
The Brotherhood of the Flagellants, which first consisted fifteen years before the plague broke out in Europe ; they first chiefly of persons of the lower classes was now increased by appeared in China. Here a parching drought, accompanied many nobles and Ecclesiastics—“ They marched through by famine, commenced in the tract of country, watered by the cities, in well-organized processions, with leaders and the rivers Kiang and Hoai. This was followed by such singers ;-their heads covered as far as the eyes: theit look violent torrents of rain, in and about Kingsai, at that time fixed on the ground, accompanied by every token of the the capital of the Empire, that, according to tradition, more deepest contrition and mourning. They were robed in HOXDthan four hundred thousand people perished in these great bre garments, with red crosses on the breast
, baik, and caps
, Roods. Finally the mountain Tsincheou fell in, and vast and bore triple scourges, tied in three or four knots, in clefts were formed in the earth.
which points of iron were fixed. Tapers and magtrificent banners of velvet and cloth of gold were carried before then ;
whenever they made their appearance, they were welcomed
SUNDAY IN LONDON. bý the ringing of the bells ; and the people flocked from all Mustrated in Fourteen Cuts, by GEORGE CRUICKSU ANK, quarters to listen to their hymns, and to witness their pen. and a Few Words by a Friend of his; with a Copy ance, with devotion and tears."
of Sir ANDREW AGNEW's Bill. But the most astounding and dreadful consequence was the The fourteen cuts--for such in reality they are—settle persecution of the Jews, who were accused of having caused the whole matter. They are indeed perilous gashes, and the calamity by poisoning the spring and wells, and infec- put Sir Andrew and his hill past hope of surgery. Our ting the air ;
modern Hogarth divides the metropolitan public into three “The persecution of the Jews commenced in September orders-to wit, the “ Higher Orders," the “ Middle Orders," and October, 1348, at Chillon, on the Lake of Geneva, and the “ Lower Orders,” agreeably to the classification of where the first criminal proceedings were instituted against the Political Economists; and in order that all things may them, after they had long before been accused by the people be done decently and in order,” the Sunday is also divided of poisoning the wells ; similar scenes followed in Bern and into portions. Beginning with the first portion and the Freyburg, in Jan., 1349.
first order, you are let into the mysteries of the King's
Theatre, at the last hour of Saturday night, where are .“ Already, in the autumn of 1348, a dreadful panic, thousands of the chosen of the land—the Peers-brave caused by the supposed poisoning, seized all nations ; and in Peers of England, pillars of the State !—the legislators Germany especially, the springs and wells were built over, who curb and curtail the Sunday pleasures and recreations that nobody might drink of them, or employ the water in of the lower Orders-the veritable crême du bon ton. culinary purposes ; and for a long time, the inhabitants of Here we find them, tier over tier, “ with feathered spinsters, numerous towns and villages, used only river and rain and thrice-feathered wives,” dispensing small talk until the
The city gates were also guarded with the strictest clock strikes twelve; and then the first hour of Sunday, cantion_only confidential persons were admitted ; and if the “ Advent of the Sabbath of the Lord,” is twirled in by medicine, or any other article which might be supposed to the pirouette of the dancer, and loud bravoş for that dambe poisonous, was found in the possession of a stranger, sel on the stage who dare lift her leg the highest, or can and it was natural that some should have these things by spin the longest upon one toe! Can there be a more intel. them for private use—they were forced to swallow a portion lectual and appropriate mode of beginning “ to observe the of it. By this trying state of privation, distrust, and suspi- Sabbath ?” Then we see the ladies, par excellence, jostcion, the hatred against the supposed poisoners became greatly ling with thieves and prostitutes,
amidst bawling and cursincreased, and often broke out in popular commotions, which ing, and the clashing of carriages, and having been led to only still further infuriated the wildest passions. The noble their vehicles scani per along, their snorting steeds striking and the mean fearlessly bound themselves by an oath, to extir- fire out of the finty pavement as they dash over it—“Lord pate the Jews by fire and sword. Pew places can be men. Thingemmy's buggy stops the way!” roar the cads. “ Have tioned where these unfortunate people were not regarded as out- any of you dd fellows seen my devil ?” lisps my Lord. laws-martyred and burnt. Solemn summonses were issued “Yer honner, he's jest gaun a little vays round the cauner from Bern to the towns of Balse, Freyburg in the Breisgau, for summat shaut-oh, here he comes, as right as a trivet and Strasburg, to pursue the Jews as poisoners. The Bur- -jump up, my Lord.” My Lord jumps up, and having gomasters and Senators, indeed, opposed this requisition ; dd his devil a bit, away he rattles to Hell, with but in Basle the populace obliged them to bind themselves many another high-couraged Honourable and Right Houby an oath to burn the Jews, and to forbid persons of that ourable :--he there continues to get through the greater porcommunity from entering their city for the space of two tion of the Sunday morning, and all his loose cash at least. hundred years
Upon this, all the Jews in Basle, whose Then, the fact of these Hells being allowed to be kept open mumber could not be inconsiderable were enclosed in a
at all hours, day and night, Sunday and week-day, is conwooden building, constructed for the purpose, and burnt, trasted with the case of the poor pot-house keeper, who toge ther with it, upon the mere outcry of the people, with suffers a couple of cobblers to play a game of shove-halfout sentence or trial, which, indeed, would have availed penny for a pint of porter, and is pounced upon, and fined them nothing. Soon after, the same thing took place at
L.5 for his immorality! Then the Middle Classes begin Freyburg.
Wherever the Jews the Sunday in imitation of the Higher Orders, but after an were not burnt, they were at least banished ; and so, being bumbler fashion, commencing with the theatres.
The compelled to wander about, they fell into the hands of the Sunday of the Lower Orders follows in due course, and country people, who, without humanity, and regardless of originates with the public-house pay table on Saturday all lawa, persecuted them with fire and sword. At Spires, night : where the spigot is running until the first or second the Jews, driven to despair, assembled at their own habita- hour of Sunday morning, by which contrivance one-half of tions, which they set on fire, and thus consumed themselves the labourer's pittance is wasted, and the whole of his with their families. The few that remained, were forced to health. Of the Pay Table there is an inimitable sketch, submit to baptism; while the dead bodies of the murdered, equal in design to some of Wilkie's best productions. Here which lay about the streets, were put into empty wine casks, we have the ihree Orders, all excellently well fitted for a and rolled into the Rhine, lest they should infect the air.
proper observance of the remainder of the Sabbath." The mob was forbidden to enter the ruins of the habitations The Sunday Market,—the Military marching to Divine that were burnt in the Jewish quarter-for the senate itself Service, to an opera tune, followed by the thieves and loose caused search to be made for the treasure, which is said to women, and the unwashed from the Gin Temples ;-the have been very considerable. At Strasburg, two thousand Gin Temple turn-out at Church time ;-Interior of a Jews were burnt alive in their own burial-ground, where a Bishop's Kitchen, “ The Servaats Within our Gates ;"—the large scaffold had been erected ; a few who promised to fat housekeeper in the sqnare receiving the ices, confectionembrace Christianity were spared, and their children taken ary, and turbot, during divine service, while a pompous from the pile. The youth and beauty of several females serjeant of the New Police is putting some poor emaciated also excited some commiseration ; and they were snatched orange-women to the rout for vending their fruit at the from death against their will ; many, however, who forci. same time !_“ Thou shalt do no manner of work—thou, bly made their escape from the flames, were murdered in nor thy cattle," represents a Dignitary of the Church-a the streets.
slender, venerable gentleman in black, with a buzz wig,
stepping out of an elegant carriage, with the step of a dance A SURE METHOD OF PREVENTING FIELD-MICE FROM ing master, the horses piping 'hot, while the beadle and UPROOTING AND DESTROYING GARDEN PEASE.-Sow churchwardens are paying their obsequious duty at the outall borders about an inch thick with coal-cinders. After ward door of the Temple :-“ Miserable Sinners !” depicts this you will find no trace of these animals; and the cinders some well-fed fashionable company, seated in their carpeted have the effect of producing more abundant crops and finer and nicely cushioned pews, making this humble acknow. peace.
ledgment. If these be miserable sinners, what must those