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dont beleave they arut no where at all. I shant mengbus

His connexion enlarged to as wide an extent as his necessi THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF A GREENWICH ties or his wishes required, and his course would have been

OUT-PENSIONER. remarkably prosperous and gratifying—perhaps too much so for imperfect humanity—but for the unexpected and al

LIKE the godess Venus, I am extra parokial in my birth, most overwhelming loss of one of the best of wives. Mrs.

as I first sea lite at sea one dark nite in the Bay of Biskey, Birkbeck died in a few days after the birth of a son, and in lat. 45° 12' ; nor., long 5° 16' 32" wes from Lununn. I less than two years after her auspicious marriage. Ten

was suckled at Brest, and larned redin an riting off my ole years elapsed before the Doctor resolved upon supplying granmother, who kep a smal skool at Wapping, where I this affecting domestic vacancy: then, however, he took for got many a good wapping myself. Ask for speling I never his second wife the youngest daughter of Henry Gardner cud doo it, for a spel seamed to hang uver me; and in reEsq. of Liverpool. He had not been settled in London many months before gard of somes, I was cast down, wenevar I tried to cart

up. he was elected one of the Presidents of the Physical Society As soon as I was ole anuf I run away from my gran. of Guy's Hospital, an office to which he has been annually mother, and tuk a trip to Newcassle in the Lillywite

, a re-elected from that period to the present. In less than two wether' befen ole colier ; but I had to walk all the way years after his establishment in the metropolis, he was ap- bak, askin charity off every body I met, who told me it pointed Physician to the General Dispensary in Aldersgate ide go an throw myself

on my parish, I shoud get releaf Street, in which station he continues to the present day. direcly-wich was a tail, alass, too true! When my granHis active mind was enabled for some time to add to these mother first see me she tuk me for a sperret ; but as soon multiplied engagements considerable attention to the “Lon

as she fond I wus nothing but flesh and blud (and rite litel don Medical Review," a work published quarterly, and ex ov that) she set too and licked me with her Cain as long tending to two volumes.

as she was Able. I found she had dun skool an tak to The London Institution was the next new scene of Dr. sowing, from wich she reaped verry litel arvest. We lived Birkbeck's labours. In 1820 he delighted and instructed pretty comfortable for some time, tho I wus alwys anoorin prodigious assemblies by a course of lectures on Natural | after the sen, and got menny a good box on the hear for and Experimental Philosophy. Three years afterwards he swimin my spoon in my tea, or sailing my new hat on the delivered a shorter course on the History of the Atmosphere; duk pond. and in the next year after that, a still shorter but remark

As war soon broke out in Amerryca, I determined to p ably interesting course on Terrestrial Magnetism. The and defend my country in forren parts, and aplied for a whole of these courses were delivered gratuitously. birth aboard the Charity, tho not first-rate. The cap

The distance of London from Glasgow had prevented the tain said he liked my looks, and ast me if I cood stand fire, frequent intercourse with his old friends in the latter city, to wich I said I cood, uponwich he appointed me Cook's aswhich Dr. Birkbeck had wished to carry on ; which led, sistant, and told me to mind and not capsize the boter boat in the course of years, to the suspicion that he and his As I hod no objeckshuns to larn navygashun in all its labours were almost forgotten. In this, however, he judged branshes, in case of being cast on a disolute iland, and wrongly of a class of men who have proved themselves hopin to have a opertunity of signalising myself wen not less grateful than teachable and industrious. A letter

cum among the niggers, I made no words, but said I would in the Morning Chronicle early in 1822, dated from Glas- go round the world with Cook; tho, to confess, if it had gow, convinced him of his error; and, in the following been left to me, I should never have chose pothooks in prt. year, a letter from his successor, Doctor Ure, convinced ference to hangers Nothink partickler ocurd during the him that he was more than remembered by his northern passage xept one day Cook skalded his foot verry bad, de pupils. This letter communicated a series of resolutions putin his petty toes splash into a sauspan of bilin water. much to the Doctor's honour and gratification. One of Wen we come to Amerryca, in cours I was verty much sirthem determined on an address, to be signed by the mem- prised ; indeed it was quite a New World to me, and so bers, and which was transmitted to the Doctor with the larg that Great briton is quite smal in comparyson. The signatures of upwards of four hundred mechanics of the city. niggers are funny chaps, and often set me a niggerin ago

Having this casually mentioned this admirable publica- my wil. As for the happyriginals, as the captin caled en, tion, it will be proper, especially as this is the appropriate we never got near anuf; but I see an old sailer as had been place in our narative, to mention the influence which it took prisoner fourteen ears among the fethered tribes, and had in first attracting the attention of Dr. Birkbeck to the he says they are sad skiny chaps to look at, as they always mechanics of London, and at length deciding him upon pro- Hide their nakedness with the skins of wild animals moting the formation of the London Mechanics' Institu

But I am not goin to rite the whole of my boyography, tion. Of this society Dr. Birkbeck has, from the first, been with all the partickler events as they ocured eventually President.actually as well as nominally President ; and throw my life, tho I cood fil a hole log book with adrenshould Divine Providence spare his life a few years longer, tures such as noddy

wood beleave to be in a mariners com. he will doubtless see tokens of success resulting from his pass. I shall say nothink of the strange countrys I have unwearied labours far

surpassing the anticipations even of seen, where the fish are covered with fethers the same as his own ardent and sanguine spirit.

birds are hear, and di wislinin about, and roost in branche

of trees made ov stone, all groin under water. Nor I shant Turkish LADIES.-Singular as it may appear to those mens hun the six ole mer maids as I se one afternoon drinkwho imagine there is no wisdom except in books, the

Turk in tea ov china, sweatened with moist sugar ; nor the binia ish ladies are remarkable for the strength and acuteness of of Paradice flighin about a desert iland in the Soto sea, and their understandings, for their sagacity, and for that scrupu- the too naked figgers in the same place, wich I suppose wa lous delicacy which makes the want of education disappear. A dam and Heave. Nayther

shal I so much as hint about Their air and mannerare noble, and their conversation full of the

wonders I see in the Nor, were evry day in the west charms. Such is the uniform testimony of those Christian ladies is six months long, and sunshine all the wile, wich fun who have visited the harems; and an author, well entitled to to think it was nothink but moonshine. But I carnt help credit, remarks in corroboration—“I have myself been in notising one thing, wich is that among all the strang and the company of ladies of all conditions at the houses of the savage nashuns I have seen, not one or em speak togllah ministers of government, noblemen and magistrates ; and I but all frensh. Allso about the Antipperdese, wich I doaut have been surprised at the purity of their language, the easy beleave there is no such peple ; for wen I was at Lund in How of their elocution, the refinement and

delicacy of their they told me they was in New Zeland, and won 1sten in thoughts, and the grace and simplicity visible in their whole New Zeland they told me they was in Ingland. Also in conversation.” Polygamy, the bugbear which terrifies Eu- | Chines Tartary they said they was in Pattagony, and went have two wives ; and four, the number permitted by law, Cniues

Tartary. So that I am come to this conclusion. are scarcely ever seen in the same mansion.

In cours,

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likewise the vast number of pickle herrins I have seen ports ov our ingagement, come out to asist us. swimin about, so thick as to make shole water in the deep- they soon tuk us on bord, an furnished us with grog and est parts of the oshua. Nor furthermore, of Wales, both fresh regin, being both verry wet an verry dri. North and South, with bones so long and so, thik as wood My redir, 1 dar say, is perty wel tird by this—if he arnt do to put in the stays of a ship; nor wat I observed in I am, an consequenshaley shal put off the futur for the Greenland were evry think is quite wite; nor in the Wite present: hopein in rememberance ov my poor old gransea, wich is quite green. Allso the same or all unnatural mother, he will excuse my bad Inglish and worse Polish. fenominous, such as water spouts, red snow, flighin Duch- If he wants to no more, I beg leaf to say I now keep the men, wich our captiu always said was nothink but sperrets Bear at Greenwich ; where, if he will do me the honer to and water ; in addition to wich, I have often ear speak ov cum, I hope be wil not fal out with my bruin.—Metrothe iland off our one coast where the arms ov the natives politan. is nothink but legs. I shall now beg leaf to give my genteel reder a set down

CL'RIOUS EXPERIMENT ON A RATTLESNAKE in the midel of the Paysifick oshun, in the year anno domino 79. Evry body must remember the takein of the The following curious facts respecting the rattlesnake seven gunboats off Dominnica, in wich I first signalised my are from a letter of Judge Samuel Woodruff, to Professor self, being then cockswain on bord the George, a 74, which Silliman, in the last number of the American Journal of I had entered in 75. Soon after this, as we was crewsin off Science. Some time in the month of August, I went with the cost of Amerryca, we fell in with a frensh line a battle, Mr. T. Kirtland and Dr. C. Dutton, then residing at to wich we gey chase, and had a verry long run. We several times like to Mist her on account of the Fog ; dublin Poland, to the Mahoning, for the purpose of shooting deer, Cape Horn, on wich old god Holeas was blowing with all at a place where they were in the habit of coming to the his mite ; and running out into the Pasyfick determined river, to feed on the moss attached to the stones in the for bloody war. At last she brought too, and showed us

shoal water. We took our watch station on an elevated her teeth ; upon wich we returned the compliment, and gave her a taste of our guns, wich, as we fight for freedom, part of the bank, fifteen or twenty yards from the edge of we loaded with chain shot. The fire was hot, as is usually the water. About an hour after we commenced our watch, the case when you are too nere, and numbers of the enemy instead of a deer we discovered a rattlesnake, which, as it was seen lyin ded in their shrouds, wile many of our own appeared, had left his den, in the rocks beneath us, and men was obliged to lay down their harms, rite and left, was advancing across a smooth, narrow sand beach towards and others hadent a leg to stand on. We was now yard the water. Upon hearing our voices, or from some other harm and yard harm, broadsite to broadsite, no quarters cause, he stopped, and lay stretched out with his head near bein giving ; but, tho both kep fitin like furies, nayther of the water. It occurred to me that an opportunity now us seemed inclined to strike. Our stud sales stud a verry offered to try the virtues of the white ash leaves. Requestlitel wile, and our stay sales dident stay much longer. In ing the gentlemen to keep in my absence a watch over our fact, all our sales were under distress of rents ; our main object, I went immediately in search of the leaves, and on top was flotin on the top of the main, and our missen a piece of low ground, thirty or forty rods back from the mast was missen soon after. But there was one consola- river, I soon found, and by the aid of my hunting knife, shon in all our trouble—the enemy was wors off than us. procured a small white-ash sapling, eight or ten feet in Graplin hiurns was now fixt by both partys, and no sooner length ; and with a view to make the experiment more was the links aplied to the vessels than they was discovered satisfactory, I cut another sapling of the sugar maple, and to be on fire. Our force at this time was verry weak, not with these wands returned to the scene of action. In order being above forty strong, and the guns were verry warm to cut off a retreat to his den, I approached the snake in his in the caus that they wood no longer wait for the word of As soon as I came within about seven or eight feet command, but went off afore they were pinted. Our pros of him, he quickly threw his body into a coil, elevated his pecs at this moment was sublime in the extream, the smoke head eight or ten inches, and brandishing his tongue, bein so thik that you coodent see your hand before you,“ gave note of preparation" for combat. I first presented and I only wish that Mister Stand feald (if he cud Stand liim the white ash, placing the leaves upon his body. He fire) had been there with his paint cans, &c., to make a instantly dropped his head to the ground, unfolded his coil, drawn batel of it, or mister Dibdin to rite a song about it, rolled over upon his back, writhed and twisted his whole afore that took place wich I am goin to relate.

body into every form but that of a coil, and appeared to Whiz—f2m-whack-crack-hang-.-Whang--flash be in great anguish. Satisfied with the trial thus far made, crash-splash-dash! This is the only idear I can giv I laid by the white ash. The rattlesnake immediately you of the seen that folowd, wich was the loo ships blowin righted, and placed himself in the same menacing attitude one another up ski hi, ane leaving only me and another as before described. I now presented him the sugar maple. chap quite non cumpass, without any binicle to steer by, or He lanced in a moment, striking his head into a tuft of the any vessel to steer. I soon found my companion was French leaves, “with all the malice of the under fiends," and the bilt, and accordin I hailed him in his own langwidge, wich next moment coiled and lanced again, darting his whole proved after to be a terrible oth, upon which mountseer length at each effort with the swiftness of an arrow. looked as bitter as Gaul, and returned my bad langwidge After repeating this several times, I again changed his fare, in verry good Inglish.This I considered as a signal for and presented him the white ash. He immediately doused acshun, and tho I wood willingly have pleded a prior in his peak, stretched himself on his back in the same man. gagement, I cood not submit to have it gave out that I had ner as at first application. It was then proposed to try gave in ; so, pickin up a spar, a large colecshon of wich | what effect might be produced upon his temper and courage was dying round, and the enemy doin the same, we set too by a little flogging with the white ash. This was ad. sparin as, bard as we cood. Mountseer had the best of it ministered; but instead of arousing him to resentment, it at first, as he was in a higer pashun than me, but as soon served only to increase his troubles. As the flogging grew as he foch me a good nock on the hed, my blud was up di- more severe, the snake frequently struck his head into the recly ju upon wich I imediately gave him a nock over, sand as far as he could thrust it, seeming desirous to bore wich soon-made him nock under. I forgot to say how we his way into the earth and rid himself of his unwelcome kep aflote all this time, wich was threw part ov the George visiters. Being now convinced that the experiment was a rex, my mesmate having got hold ov a companion, and me satisfactory one, and fairly conducted on both sides, we being mounted on the top ov a wale. I had no sooner deemed it unnecessary to take his life after he had contri. secured my prisioner by tighing his hans behind him, than buted so much to gratify our curiosity; and 80 we took I dident no what to do with him ; but as fate wood have our leave of the rattlesnake, with feelings as friendly at it, a vessel jnst then have in site, wich proved to be Inglish, least as those with which we commenced our acquaintance takein in water at June Ferdinando, and having herd re- with him, and left him to return at leisure to his den.

rear.

THE WALHAM WAG.

'em front about. The nearest, this here chap to the left, is

Mr. Burchell's Pompey, I say, Inky-face.' Did you see (From the Diary of a Joke-Hunter.)

how he turned ? Now for the other. Hollo! Alabaster, INQUIRED for the queerest coachman. Mat said what's lignum whitey?' There, he knows his name, bee that Walham Jem was the rummest kiddy on the road, cause for why; Alabaster and Inky-face is all one, black barring Duck-nosed Dick. 66 But the latter warment," and white being the same thing. Some people call me added Mat, “ arn't so conwersable: that's Jem a-coming Gipsey,' because I'm brownish ; and others know me by up-he with the blue muzzle and white hat, what looks so the name of Lilly white,' for the same reason." wicked-him there what's all clothes and hands-barring “ But dash my rags, if bere an't some o' the royal family; kis face. I had occasion to tip him a dig in the ogle t'other notice the coachman." This gentleman was worthy of day, and you see, master, he an't struck my colours yet." notice; his livery-coat was intensely scarlet, his complexion

Jein now approached—“ Fulham, Sir ?" said he, “ a box crimson, his eye lurid and bloodshot. My companioa vacant.” Agreed to ride by his side, and in rather more than halloed to him in stentorian tones as the two vehicles passten minutes we started. Over the stones conversation was ed each other. “Why, coachee, you look as if you had left out of the question, but the moment we got on the road we put in a smith's forge, and blowed red-hot." had a “ talk" to the following effect:

“ Jem, I must ride with you again ; set me down at the “ Bad black eye that of your's, Jem-how did you get top of Fulham town." “ Thank ye, Sir ; but afore we it?"_“I was trying to wink, Sir."-" Your near horse is reaches the corner, talking of jokes, I'll make bold to tell lame in the off fore-foot, Jem.”—“ High grand-actioned you the best joke I knows. One night, 'twas my last horse that! Lamed himself last night by striking his toe journey, I'd just stepped into Jerman Street to get a go out against his upper teeth. Been a charger!”—“ The other's Kennet ale to wash down my wittles, while my vehicle 3 lame, too."_“ Yes ; he trod upon a frog-poor thing !". at the cellar, when, as I was coming back, I puts up my “ How he whistles!"-“ Ah: he's inwaluable, Sir. Got a foot on a stone what propt a post in St. James's Street, thrush in each foot."--" What time will you reach Ful- tie my shoe. Well, it so happened, that just then, solde ham:"-" I shall draw the boot of my wehicle on the foot nobleman, who'd lost all he had, as I should think, at one of the bridge precisely at eleven.”—“ Why, you're a pun- of the club houses, comes along-choke full of fars, with ster, I perceive!"_“ No; l'am a Chelseaman-birth, pa out having nobody to abuse--when he sees me bent donble rentage, and education."_" Write a good hand ?"_“ Not with my back towards him. So-mind me, we'd no acquainat all I was born a pen-shunner-close by the college ; tance, it was the first time we met

t-he takes a bit of a run, but for all that I can make my mark to a receipt for any and gives me a kick behind what sends me bang into the amount."

middle of the road, saying, says be, "D-n you! you'iv “ Twig this here old gentleman- Fulham, Sir ?-I always tying that shoe !"_“ Well! and what did you do ?" only says that to plague him. He's a rare-admiral. Rear -“I laughed fit to split my sides ; for thinks I, he's lost indeed, and can't ride a rocking horse! He won't travel his tin ; and supposing I'd been regularly cleaned out at a with me.” “ How have you offended him?"_" Why, club-house, and set eyes on a coachman, what I'd never seen one night when he got to his door, being a mighty uppish afore, a-tying his shoe under a lamp-post, should have made sort of a cove, he would'nt lean on my arm; which the step so free as to kick him into the middle of the road, saying, was broken, and down he fell flat upon the porch.—'Why, says I, “D_n you, you're always tying that shoe of your's" admiral,' says I, you've struck your flag!'"_" So you -Now that to my fancy, is a joke"-Monthly Magazine. lost your passenger by your joke?"_“ Joke_I can't see no joke in it.”—“ Then you don't know what a joke is."Don't I? Only look at this lady with a little boy in her

EPICEDIUM. arms, what's a coming-now, this is what I calls a joke.

WRITTEN ON THE DEATH OF A SISTER." • Beg your pardon, Ma'am, there's the child's shoe-on it's

By James Lawson. foot!' Did you twig how flustrated she was—and how she looked about her; and how, when I said on it's foot,'

Gone, gone! dead and gone ! she half frowned, half laughed, and went off blushing, gig

To the churchyard dank and lone. gling, and biting her lip, and away I went laughing like Winkin?"

It seems to me as yesterday “ Who was Winkin, Jem ?”—“A printer's apprentice,

That she, who now is silent clay,

Was in heart the lightest, what run away with little "Gin and Bitters,' Mather Water.

And in eye the brightest; ton's bar-maid at the Red Cow. There goes Miss Evelina

Was in step the fleelest, Thingumbob—the female swell-she's cut me for a down

And in voice the sweetest; right good honest akshmn. In course, Sir, you can't be so

Health was upon her young cheek blooming, hignorant as not to know that bustle is tin, which means

And flowers were in her path perfuming; money. Very well. One day I sets her down at the bottom of Bond Street, and arter she'd paid me-while I was

Her presence was a dream of bliss,

Her smile a ray of loveliness, putting up the steps – I sees a farthing on the flags; so think

The Graces held with her their reign, ing in course it was her property, I runs arter her, calling

While pleasure sported in the train, out, “Hallo, Ma'am-- you've dropped your bustle ! Wi'

And all of bright, and pure, and fair, that she puts down one hand just under her waist in front,

To praise or prize was mingled there. and t'other like lightning behind, where, in some out-and

Where now are music, mirth, and flowers? out swell ladies, there's an opening to the pocket,—which,

And where the dearest one of ours? what with nutmegs, nutmeg graters, the cupboard keys, and so forth, makes them stick out so in that department.

Gone, gone! dead and gone! • Good God !' says she, “my bustle!' and she'd have fainted

To the churchyard dank and loue, if I had'nt showed her the farthing. You'd hardly believe

Although it was as yesterday, it, may be ; but as sure as I'm here sitting, she slapped my

'Twas in my own loved isle, away face and won't never ride wi' me since."

A thousand leagues beyond the sea, “ Allow me to tell you that it was a joke, Jem."-" No

That she appeared all this to me such thing, Sir, axing your pardon : this is a joke, as you

I did not hear her latest sigh, shall see. There's Mr. Burchell's man, and Colonel Mac

Nor soothed a pang, nor closed an eye; Leod's man, both blackey-moors, standing at ther masters'

Received no blessing, heard no prayer, garden gates, and looking down the road as if they were Saw not her grave, por mourners there ; awaiting for the milkman or summat, while all the time the lazy wagabones is doing nothing but dawdling to see

These tender and affecting verses were writtea in the final my coach pass, Now you'll plcase to notice how I'll make

States, where the author is the editor of a newspaper, and transeunit sendt « Home."

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Unconscious I of grief or fear,

SKILL OF HORSE JOCKEYS.
Of corse or knell, or pall or bier-
Of mourners' grief, and friends' despair-

GREAT interests are committed to the skill, and honour
I could not know-I was not there.

of Jockeys. The duties of an eminent counsel are, in a The stars that hid their fires from them,

pecuniary view, rarely of more importance. Tens of thouTo me decked nature's diadem ; Each cherished thing beneath their light

sands, and the reputation of racers and their owners, depend Was fair and lovely to my sight :

upon their knowledge, presence of mind and resource. “It But soon, too soon, the tidings came,

is," says a competent authority, “ the first duty of a Jockey For ear to hear, or lip to name

to win, and not to do more than win."-Were he to win For where was she, who, by, my side,

with apparent case, this would prove a bar in the way of Had bloomed, with me and mine the pride ?

new bets, and lessen the chances of profit of his employer.' Gone, gone! dead and gone!

This we imagine the main reason why he must not do more To the churchyard, dank and lone.

than win. Half a neck is sufficient where his antagonist They tell how gently passed her breath,

is exhausted, and as much judgment is shown in avoiding How beautiful she lay in death ; That while around her all were weeping,

useless exertion as in making that which is sufficient. The They could not deom but she was sleeping;

best and most expert jockeys, such as Robinson and ChifYet soon the cold, the pallid look

ney, avoid the use of the whip, if possible. Boys more And form, her lovely features took :

readily resort to it, and thereby sometimes lose a race, that The fixed eye, the marble brow,

might otherwise have been won. When a race horse is The lips so pale and breathless now;

in the fullest exercise of his power, and doing his best, All on their hearts were sadly stealing,

the blow of a whip will sometimes make him wince and To wake the lone and dreary feeling,

shrink-he will, as it were, tuck up his flanks to escape That she, so long and dearly cherished,

from the blow, and, in raising his legs higher up, lose Had, like the summer roses perished.

ground instead of stretching himself forth over a larger As perfume oft survives the flowers,

surface. In this way considerable space may be lost, when Remembrance only lives of ours

nothing is wanting but a quiet steady hand, and a for

bearance from the use of the whip. A curious example Gone, gone! dead and gone!

of this occurred a few years ago at Doncaster, in the To the churchyard, dank and lone.

celebrated race between Matilda and Mameluke. The Now soon the gentle zephyrs winging,

latter was of a hot and violent temper, and being irritated On ladened pinions perfume bringing,

by several false starts, not only lost considerable ground, Will waft again the breath of flowers,

but a great deal of his strength, at the outset of the race. And fragrancy of summer bowers;

Robinson was riding Matilda, and saw Chifney on MameAnd soon will blithe-voiced maidens stray

luke pass every horse in succession, till he came up with By ripened meads of wave-like hay;

Matilda. At that moment he calculated Mameluke's Soon by the fields of brairðing grain

strength with such nicety, that he was convinced he could The husbandman will smile again;

not maintain the effort he was then making.–He permitted Soon will the shepherd's pipe prevail,

Chifney, therefore, to reach him, and even to be a little aTo glad his flocks on hill and dale ;

head of him, and so far from whipping Matilda, actually And soon the note of mavis sounding,

gave her a kind of check That check, that slightest imaWhen morn o'er eastern hill is bounding ;

ginable pull, strengthened Matilda, and, by assisting her to Soon will awake the black bird's song,

draw her breath, enabled her to give those tremendous When twilight would the day prolong;

springs by which she recovered her ground, headed MameSpon all that grow, or live, or breathe,

luke, and won the race for her owner, Mr. Petrie. It was Will smile the balmy skies beneath ;

in this race that a Scotch gentleman, who had won sevenBut, though come zephyrs, songs, and flowers,

teen thousand pounds by the issue, went up to Robinson in 0, where will be the pride of ours ?

the joy of the moment, and gave him a thousand pounds Gone, gone! dead and gone;

as a present. Gully, the owner of Mameluke, is said to

have lost forty thousand pounds on the occasion, every six. To the church-yard, dank and lone.

pence of which was punctually and honourably paid. Mr.

Gully maintained a fair character till he got into the VULGAR IDEA OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION.-There “Honourable House," and it is to be expected that he may is nothing more disgraceful to Englishmen than their utter retain it there. ignorance, not only of the causes and effects, but of the very events, the story, of the French Revolution. With

THE DUELLO.--The following remarks are a suitable the majority of them, even of those among them who read sequence to the observations upon the duello in the last numand think, the conception they have of that great event is ber of this publication. They were made by Mr. Guthrie all comprehended in a dim but horrible vision of mobs, in his clinical lecture at the Westminister Hospital,—“I do and massacres, and revolutionary tribunals, and guillotines, not know,” he said, “whether it is advisable to recommend, and fishwomen, and heads carried on pikes, noyades, and with Sir Lucius Trigger in The Rivals, that gentlemen fasillades, and one Robespierre, a most sanguinary monster. should stand fair to the front, in duelling, and be shot clean What the Tory prints choose to tell them of this most in. through one side of the body, instead of making as small teresting period in modern history, so much they know, and

as possible an edge, by standing sideways, and running the nothing more; that is, enough to raise in their minds an in- risk of being certainly killed by the ball penetrating both tense yet indefinite horror of French reforms and reformers. sides; but this I do know, that there is neither charity Now, however, when they have ceased to tremble for them

nor humanity in the manner of choosing the pistols at preselves, and to start from their sleep at the terrific idea of sent adopted. The balls are so small, that the hole they the landing of French jacobins, or a rising of English ones, make is always a source of inconvenience in the cure ; and to confiscate their property and cut their throats, they can the quantity of powder is also so small, that it will not send perhaps bear to look at the subject without horror; and we

a ball clean through a moderately thick gentleman; it exhort them to buy and read Mignet's work, that they may therefore sticks in some place where it should not, to the know in what light the Revolution is regarded by the na.

extreme disadvantage of the patient, and to the great an. tion which saw and felt it, which endured its evils, and is noyance of the surgeon. These things really should be now enjoying its benefits.---Westminster Review, No. X.

altered, with the present diffusion of knowledge."

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ELEMENTS OF THOUGHT.''

THE BIBLE IT
THE BRITISH CONSTITUTION

Count OXENSTIERN, the Chancellor of Sweden, was a The theory of the constitution, in the most important person of the first quality, rank, and ahilities in Historia particulars, is a satire on the practice. The theory pro- country, and whose share and success not only in the chief vides the responsibility of ministers as a check to the exe

ministry of affairs there, but in the greatest negotiations of cution of ill designs ; hut in reality we behold the básest of Europe, during his time, rendered him no less considetabit the tribe retreat from 'the ruin of their country, loaded with abroad. After all his knowledge and honours, being visit: honour and with spoils. ' Theory tells us the Parliament is ed, in his retreat from public business, by Commissio:ie

? free and independent ; experience will correct the mistake Whitlock, our ambassador to Queen Christina, at the chest by showing its subser vience to the crown. We learn, from of their conversation, he said to the ambassador :the first, that the Legislature is chosen by the unbiassed

“ I, Sir, have seen much, and enjoyed much of this world; voice of all who can be supposed to have a will of their but I never knew how to live till now. I thank my good own; we learn, from the last, the pretended electors are

God, who has given me time to know Him and likerise but a handful of the people, who are never less at their myself. All the comfort I take, and which is more than own disposal than in the business of election. The theory the whole world can give, is the knowledge of God's lore holds out equal benefits to all, and equal liberty, without in my heart, and reading of this Blessed Book," –laying any other distinction than that of a good or bad subject :

his hand on the Bible._“ You are now, Sir," (continued he) its practice brands with proscription and disgrace a numer

“ in the prime of your age and vigour, and in great favour ous class of inhabitants on account of their religion. In and business; but this will all leave you, and you will au theory, the several orders of the State are a check on each day, better understand and relish what I say to you. Then other; but corruption has oiled the wheels of that machin- you will find that there is more wisdom, truth, comfort

,

and pleasure, in retiring and turning your heart from the ery, harmonized its motions, and enabled it to bear, with world, in the good spirit of God, and in reading His Sacred united pressure, on the happiness of the people.Hall of Word, than in all the courts and all the favoars of princea Leicester.

SUNDAY AMUSEMENTS.-In an old magazine, printed TRUTH, PROGRESSION OF OPINION.

about the year 1789, the writer, speaking of the persin IF truth were in all its characters well defined, and in whose habit it was to resort to the various tea-gardens near power were unrestricted, there would then be no room for London, on a Sunday, calculates them to amount to opinion. The perfect delineation of truth, when once viewed, 200,000. Of these, he considers that not one would go would be perfectly reflected to the mind, and knowledge, the sum of L.25,000 would have been spent in the course of

away without having spent half-a-crown, and, consequently

, therefore, would be accurate. But to man, in this his first the day: twenty-five thousand multiplied by the number of and lower state of being, the mysteries of eternal truth are Sundays in a year, gives, as the annual consumption of that but partially unveiled; and the capacity to comprehend day of rest, the immense sum of L.1,300,000. The writer what is revealed is neither perfect, nor even in its imperfect calculates the returning situation of these persons as fol. state, fully or at once bestowed. For not only is there a

lows :-Sober, 50,000 ; in high glee, '90,000 ; drunkish, cloud mercifully interposed to obscure the lustre of that drunk, 5,000.–Total, 200,000.

30,000 ; staggering tipsy, 10,000; muzzy, 15,000; del glory, whose brightness would consume the intellectual

ANECDOTE OF GALT. It is very well known ammo sight, but there are also mists of earthly error, which con the friends of this amusing writer, that he has availed him. fuse and distort the view of what we are permitted to be self, in some of his graphic delineations of Scottish charap hold. The faculties, too, by which we are enabled to study his own domestic circle—and, in particular, that he has been

ter, of many little incidents which have occurred within and learn the lineaments of truth, are themselves capable of greatly indebted for a number of the choicest idioms, pero increase, and subject to diminution, Knowledge is to be liar to the language used by a certain class in Scotland, to gained by gradual acquirement, and power increased by his mother, who is considered among her neighbonts' as : continued exercise. And as this state of progression cannot,

gaucy, auld-farrand, gash gudewife.” Mrs Galt wha, bo while life endures, arrive at an impassible limit, it follows doubt, feels much pride of heart-on account of the literary

character of her son, is nevertheless, at times, piqued when she that our conceptions will be continually undergoing modi- finds allusions made, and phrases used, the origin of which she fication, and that, if we are sincere and earnest in our in- is too familiar with not to know the source from whence the quiries, doubt! and error will gradually disappear; that are derived. On a visit which our author some time ago fresh and purer light will irradiate the mind; that we shall paid to the place of his nativity, the old lady thought pra be daily rejoicing in the opening beauties of a less limited ceived he had taken with matters connected with the fra

per to take him to task for certain liberties which sbe csati intellectual prospect, and, by tracing the analogies more mily, and after administering what she, no doubt

, consi

. fully displayed in this wider and clearer view, and behold- dered to be a very becoming reprimand-she took down ing the order and the harmony that reini in all the words from a cupboard a little, old fashioned, antique-looking te and works of Him wħo is Truth itself, shall pass, with ra- mately acquainted since his childhood, and thus addresser

pot, with whose appearance she knew her son had been inti

. pidly-jucreasing flight

, from doubt and opinion, to faith and him—“ Now, John Galt, I've just been telling so that knowledge, on whose untiring pinions we shall at last be you've middled a great deal owre mackle wi' the things borne to perfect and unclouded wisdomn. ",

about this house; and there's a wee tea pat that you've

seen as often as there's teeth in your head, and as I hate FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, The liberty of the press is the true measure of the liberty as I am pleasant wi'ye

, and tell ye, that if. ye say a single great respect for the bit

pat, I'm just gaun to be as plain of the people. The one cannot be attacked without injury word about the pat, in ony o' your books, you needna el to the other, O thoughts ought to perfectly free; to pect to get ony thing in this house when you come back bridle them, or stífle them in their sanctuary, is the crime but a pouket lug, and that "iu no craw in your crap, may of leze humanity. What can I call my own, if my thoughts mau," John bas, as yet, been “ biddible," and said nothing are not mine-Mercier, 1

about the “ bit pat."

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