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firmness, and forethought of George. Their pilk Awas laid consulted mone but his sister: he made every necessary by for future winding. An abundant supply of crab-grass, arrangement within the limits of their slender means, to for the manufacture of the coming winter, was provided. meet the renewal of the paroxysm, which, he was aware, At this period of hope and cheerful anticipation, an event the patients must expect again on the morrow; (for he had befell them of which they had been forewarned, but which often heard a description of the 'disorder ;) and he was yet fell upon them like a thunder-stroke. They had been away, before daybreak, on the road to the river to fetch the told, that they must expect the sickness of acclimation, doctor. There was now no brother Henry to accompany called " seasoning,” in the phrase of the country. They him, whose prattle might serve to beguile him on the way. had been too busy, too much occupied, and too deep in the day was sultry, and the subject of his meditations their schemes for the future, to think of sickness till it dreary and full of gloom. But courage and affection came.

achieve wonders. He reached the river early in the day. The corn had just began to whiten on the ears, and the The doctor could not accompany him back as he had hoped, intense heats of summer to soften into the milder tempera- but promised, (as is customary in that climate, and at that tare of autumn, when, one morning, Mrs. Mason felt a season, to avoid heat and flies, and to save time,) that he chill, which compelled her to go to bed. Her lips and would start for the log-cabin of the sick family at midhards had the customary livid appearance. She had hardly night. George was on his return by ten in the morning. lain down, before the three younger children came in from He had already accomplished half his distance home, when the field, all attacked in the same way. They, too, laid he felt himself suddenly seized with a chill. So violent was themiselves down in their beds. The fits of chill in each the attack that he found himself obliged to stop and sit were most severe, from Mrs. Mason to her youngest boy down. Fortunately the disease had attacked him on the Their teeth chattered, and a kind of low moaning noise, bank of a rivulet, and at the ford. He crawled on his accompanied by violent and spasmodic shaking. Each was hands and knees through the mud, and bending over the under the influence of a delirious excitement, and the cry water, drank as long as he could hold his breath. A mo. of " drink ! drink !" was uttered with the eagern ss of a mentary sense of relief caused an impulse of courage tó traveller expiring with thirst on the parched sands of a de- flash through his frame, and he thought that he should be sert. A couple of hours passed in this way, when they able to resume his journey. He waded through the ford, dozed for a few moments, and then roused up, with cheeks and staggered a few steps. All would not do. Every thing crimsoned with fever, and another kind of delirium, at- Aashed before his eyes in long and flaky streams of green tended with new tones and accents of distress. Lizzy and and yellow light, succeeded by darkness." His head swam, George were continually carrying the water-gourds, first to and thick pantings oppressed his bosom. The poor fellow one, and then to another. The patients seized the vessel fell, but fortunately on the moss at the foot of a sycamore! with a convulsive grasp, and held it so long that one would It was some minutes before consciousness returned; And, as have thought that they would have suffocated themselves by he felt as he had never felt before, and perceived that he the eagerness and duration of their drinking. This pa. was covered with a cold clammy sweat, his first idea ta's roxysm lasted somewhat longer than the former, and, when that the hand of death was upon him.' Even then, the it had passed, a few moments of agony succeeded; then the noble lad thought only of the poor sufferers at home, look. sweat began to start, slowly at first, and without much ing in vain through the evening and night for his return. sensation of relief. But soon it burst from every pore, and it was long before he could gather strength to repeat his dropped from each particular tress of hair. This imme. adage, and resume his courage. He settled himself as com. diately brought calmness and relief, and a delightful lan-fortably as he could on the moss, and in a position as conguor, which they only know who have felt it, attended by venient'as might be to crawl' to the stream.' It was a such soothing and tranquillizing sensations, as we may thought sufficiently gloomy, it must be admitted, for sucli suppose to belong to the spirit of the just, after the last a lad to contemplate his probable chance of expiring there struggles of escape from the prison of the flesh.

in the woods, "unattended and 'alone, and, perhaps, be deBut though relieved, they were so weak that they were roured by panthers or votres, even before the death of naunable to rise from their beds. A thick fog arose above ture had taken place; and leave the sufferers at home the tops of the trees, and the sun went down in utter dark- entirely forlorn. But he said, “ Our Father, who art in ness. What a night for this family, of which only two of heaven !" and he prayed first for those at home, and then the children were able to walk from bed to bed of the sick! for himself, and laid himself down to await the disposal of Lizzy was, as may be supposed from her age, subdued and Providence. His paroxysm was increased by fatigue, and pale as death. George felt that the grand trial of his for the want of a bed, and the comforts which even his hotne titude was come. He repeated his father's maxim, as he would have afforded. He was a Micted with paitial delirium kindled the evening light; told them, in the common pro. and devouring thirst. He fell into a profound sleep. The verb of the West, that “ The darkest hour in the night was angels of God not only guarded this pale and exhausted just before morning ;" talked with them calmly of this lad from the wolves, but inspired pleasant dreams into his sickness as the common course of things in this country; innocent bosom. He fancied that he had just rétumed and remarked that, though distressing to endure, they ought home. His mother and the children were recoveredy and all to be thankful; that it was by no means a dangerous were about him with kisses and caresses. Water seemed disorder, and prophesied that they would all soon be well to be handed to him, and, in his eagerness to grasp the of thisis seasoni

ing," and find it to be the harbinger of new gouvd and bring it to his lips, he awoke himself from his good fortune.

dream, just as he heard the distant trampling of the doctor still he was' aware, that in such violent attacks, some approaching on horse-back thitig rust be done to arrest the fury of the disease. He It might have startled another to have been thus called

upon, as he passed, by a feeble human voice imploring aid | affectionate way, bidding them take courage, and promis at that hour and in that place. But the doctor was a man ing that he would hurry home, and ask leave of his mas! of temperament such as not to find miracles in incidents to return and watch with them. And as he was old, and. wide from the common, and, when he learned the state of as he said, of little account in the field, he had no doulu the case, it was nothing strange to find a sick lad on the that his master would allow him to come back and say way, who had just passed the paroxysm of the ague. He with them. He added—“ Me cure heap people of the act made some difficulty about taking him up behind him, re Me know six times more about him than the doctors. Mi marking, that he seemed very comfortably situated, and come and cure you all.” that he could notify his mother to have him sent for in the A solemn conversation between the mother and the morning. Poor George had to exert himself to the utmost children on their beds ensued. The two younger child to be taken up. But he succeeded at length, and was car were wild with delirium of fever; Henry, Lizzy, and le ried home.

mother, were in utter despondency; and certainly few preWhen George returned, he found that Lizzy, towards pects on earth can be imagined more gloomy than their night, had likewise been attacked, and that the family had the only article in the cabin for sustenance was cora-net. suffered inexpressibly for want of water. But they were and the alternative before them seemed only that of perish still alive, and the sight of him and the doctor revived their ing of sickness or hunger. George, though the sickes & spirits. The doctor prescribed as he thought the case re- the whole, held fast to his grand maxim. He decland. quired; and I am sorry to add, that it appeared to him to undoubting confidence that all things would yet go with call for cheap medicines. He was a man who made most with them. He exhorted them to consider how mercifui? exertions for those who pay best. Physicians, generally, are God had dealt with them in many respects already. From kind men, and there are few who would thus have left a their rich experience of the Divine mercy in time past, La helpless family in the woods, with the nearest neighbour called on them to take courage for the future. None te distant two miles, and each member so sick as to be unable people so situated know what invigorating refreshment arise to go to the spring and bring a gourd of water for the rest, to cheer despondency, and banish despair, from one such without having attempted an arrangement to procure some

firm and undoubting prophet of good. In due time Por one to nurse them. But this doctor had a thick head and pey came. The kind-hearted and considerate slare had pe. an un feeling heart. He daily saw much misery and sick.ceived their condition. From the stores of his fellowsi. ness of the same sort, and he thought very little upon the vants he brought a little sugar and tea. Of his master scene before him, except that it afforded him little imme- had begged powder and shot. He killed several squir: diate prospect of a bill. He thought in this case, 1 rather and partridges in an hour's hunt. With these and getre imagine, if he thought at all upon the subject, that men corn, he prepared a nutritive and rich soup. He then went were made to be sick, take pills, and pay the doctor; and, along the “ run," and gathered cupalorium perfoliaturvi as this family could not to do the last, he felt it right to thorough-wort. He gave to each a cup of the infusiga vi hurry away to those patients who could. Be that as it may, those leaves, a grand remedy among the slaves in such casta he left the family, in which no one was able to walk to the and perhaps the best that can be given. The medicine spi spring, to shift for themselves. They had all taken medic rated at once powerfully and gently, and when the fever and cine, and this had producel an exacerbation of the morning the effect of the medicine were passed, a devouring appetite attack. It was distressing to hear their groans during the returned. Their fear and dejection were dispelled, and ti? paroxysm, and their incessant cries for drink. However, kind black fellow was in the midst of them, a sort of IMrs. Mason and George might be able to sustain the agony nistering angel, and enjoying their thankfulness and tšai of thirst in silence, it was an effort of self-restraint not to hopes, with all the sympathy of his affectionate nature. Ho be expected of the rest.

prayed with them again in the earnest language of thank For aught that appears, they might all have expired to giving and praise, and he sang his own wild hymnis as a pa? gether, without any relief, had not Providen ce, in its own of the worship. Nor did he take his sleep on his blanks merciful way, sent them aid. Pompey, the old slave who beside them on the floor until he had ascertained that all t.: had officiated at the funeral of Mr. Mason, had been on an

patients were

ere asleep. errand to the river, and had returned that way. Hearing the groans within, he was induced to stop, and enter the toms of abated violence, and an hour later in the day. To

Next day, it is true, their fever returned, but with symi cabin. What a scene was before him! There was none to same medicine and the same diet was repeated, and with to bring them water to quench their burning thirst. His kind

same effect. The duration of the fever was short, and the heart was affected. He repaired to the spring for a couple attack of this day comparatively mild. On the third das of gourds full of water, and gave them drink. He opened his attendance, instead of the infusion of thorough-wort

, ? the shutters, to ventilate the room. He cut green boughs, gave an infusion of dog-wood, wild-cherry, and yellow ** and put them in the windows, to keep out the sun, and ad- lar bark. On the fourth day, nothing remained of the xira mit the coolness of the air. He grated the tender corn of ness but a kind of pleasing languor, and Pompey pronounts

: the half-ripe ears, and made them gruel. He made their the fever « broken,” assuring them that all that was not beds, and assisted them from one to the other while he did necessary was to use great caution to prevent relapse, er, ia it. In short, he did every thing which a diligent and affec- his phrase, “ getting it again." tionate nurse could do, with the means of the house, and They were now able once more to help each other. Leatthen fell on his knees beside their beds, and prayed withing them materials for soup, and killing them abundame them. Nor was his prayer less effectual above, or less of small wild game, obtained in those woods with hiude cheering and consoling to the patients, because it was ut- trouble, he left them with tears and a blessings of them that , tered in the broken accents of an African dialect. He then were ready to perish,” as his reward. As they shpuk harita sat by then, and talked to them in his good-natured and at parting, George gave him his promise, if ever letras

able, as he hoped one day to bè, to purchase him, and give this new residence the voyage was delightful to Mrs. Mason him his freedom. In a few days the family were perfectly and her family. recovered, and able to resume their usual routine of cheer. Every thing conspired to render it a charming voyage ful occupation and industry.

The season was the pleasantest in the year, that is to say, By the kindness of their neighbour, the postmaster, George spring; and that season is no where more delightful than soon after this obtained the place of clerk to the captain of on the shores of the Ohio. A large portion of the passenone of the large steam-boats that navigate the Mississippi.

gers were of the most respectable class, and many of them It is unnecessary to relate all the conversations which took very agreeable. The boat was in fine order The river place before George's final departure between him and the

was full to the brim. The vernal gales were breathing Jifferent members of his family. He was the only one of their sweetest influence from the south. The verdure of their number who had yet developed strength of character, the forests, as far as they could be seen from the boat, had and the mother and the children leaned upon him not only that depth and grandeur which are peculiar to the lower for support, but to resolve their doubts, and to decide their course of the Ohio and Mississippi. With the exception of plans. Meanwhile Mrs. Mason had faithfully investigated, two or three solitary “ bluffs” on the Mississippi, the chil. from all the sources within her reach, the dangers of the dren had but once seen hills since they had lived in the river, and had heard, with all its exaggerations, of every ac- country. The first bluffs that are seen in ascending the cident that had ever happened to a steam-boat on the Mis-Ohio are singularly magnificent and grand. There is deep sissippi or Ohio. She learned all she could gather about water, directly on the verge of the shore, at the foot of storms and "snaggs," and more than all, the dreadful death these bluffs. They have a nobleness of rounding, and a of scalding by the bursting of the boiler.

whimsical variety of summits, which I want words to deNeither was George idle on his part. He had expended

scribe. The boat sweeps along at their base, and early in the advanced twenty dollars for the comfort of the family bluffs appear as if they would roll down upon the boat, and

the afternoon is completely in the shade. Oftentimes these during his absence. Henry was of sufficient age to take his dam up the beautiful river. I have never seen spring more place in the charge of the field, and the stewardship of their charming, and I have never known existence more enjoy, little concern of silk, the bonnet manufactory, and their able, than in sitting on the guard of the boat, in mild other humble affairs. Many and solemn charges did he weather, in the spring, after the sun has sunk behind these give him. The main points were stated in writing, that they noble hills. At this season, on pleasant evenings, there is might not be forgotten when he was gone.

It was an af.

an ineffable softness and mildness in the temperature, and fecting charge on both sides; and when Henry received

a balmy fragrance in the atmosphere. There is not, I think, this responsibility, he gave a promise as solemn that he

a more beautiful shrub in nature than the red-bud in full would strive faithfully to discharge its duties.

blossom. It is a perfect tuft of peach-blossom flowers, and George was turned of eighteen when he was thus turned they make such a show on the precipitous declivities of 11730n the world. He was dressed decently, thanks to the these “ bluffs,” strung one above the other and diffused aid of his friend the postmaster, but in the most plain and on every side through the forest, that, taken into the eye quaker-like style. A small handkerchief-bundle, containing along with the splendid white flowers of the dog-wood, the his shirts and a bible, constituted all his baggage. He stole wilderness at this season may literally be said to blossom. away before the family had risen in the morning, to avoid A hundred romantic stories told by the boatmen, about the the agony of those partings which make a separation so dis

house of nature," “ the cave in the rock," the residence tressing. The deepest emotions excited on such occasions, of robbers, and their exploits of blood, and the attacks of are not always those that show themselves in words or tears.

the Indians in former days, concur to make this scenery When he had taken the last look of mother, sister, and impressive and interesting beyond most others in the counbrothers, and their humble cabin, which together made that try. dear and sacred word home,-a word which means more to

Mrs. Mason spent this first evening sitting on the guards a good mind and heart than almost any other in our lan.

of the boat, as it was gliding swiftly along, in the shade of guage, he turned round before he crossed the stile which

the lofty and flowering “ bluffs," on the north bank of the led out of the field, and gave the dear spot a benediction that

Ohio. She sat on a cushioned settee, with her two younger rose to the Almighty from a pious child, an affectionate children on her right hand, and Lizzy and Henry on her brother, and a pure heart. « God keep you," said he, « and left. George coming backwards and forwards to join in watch over your innocent slumbers ! For me, though now

their conversation, as often as his avocations as Captain a wanderer in the wide world, I will think of you, and the permitted. The scene was full of sublimity and repose ; thonghts shall be as a talisman to shield me against temp- and the shrubs, the flowers, the cliffs, the trees, the sky, and tations. I will think of the pale face of my mother. I will the columns of smoke sponted up from the tubes of the fue think of the last look of my father. I will think of Lizzy nace, were beautifully painted in the water, as the boat and my dear brothers.”

seemed to fly over the painting, and yet to transport it as By perseverance and unfailing good conduct, George, in

it went. The children expressed their natrained admira. the conrse of a few years, rose to be captain of a steam-boat. tion by interjections-"Oh! how beautiful!"_“ Only look and became a great man in the estimation of the settlement here !”-“ Look there!" was echoed from one to the other. he had left. With his assistance, and their own industry, The mother enjoyed the scene with the calm and pleasing the family in the cabin, who always watched on the beach silence of contemplation, and communion with the Author when his boat was to pass, were reared and educated ; and, of this beautiful nature. Half way up the cliffs the birds in process of time, he removed them to a pleasant and pe- were singing their vesper hymns, undisturbed by the uproar pulous village on the Ohio, where George spent the hot of the passing boat. months with them, during which his boat was laid up. To On arriving at their destination the children were forth

EDINBØRGR: Printed by and for JOHN JONNATONR, 19, & J1

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Bridge Street, Edinburgh; by JONN MACLEOD, and Arxiuso Ce

Square.- Published by JOHN ANDERSox, Jun., Bookseller, 6 North 304

THE SCHOOLMASTER, &c. with put to school. From August until October the steam-eighth part of the National Debt. During the mula tine, boat was Inid up, and George spent all this happy interval without reckoning interest, the people have paid they to with his mother. In his next trip to the Iron Banks, he the Crown, on this department of commerce, abort 120 mil

lions sterling. performed his promise to Pompey, the kind slave, by purchasing him from his master, and setting him free. But

SCRAPS. the poor black's grateful heart bound him to Mrs. Mason and her family for the remainder of his life.

TRAP FOR A PUN.-Dr. Parr being on a visit at a My dear youthful_reader, whenever you are in any way ing, at his request, been prepared for him, his attention wa

friend's house in Grosvenor Square, and a warm baia das. tempted to discouragement in any of your engagements, re. directed to two bells in the room, one of which, he wu member the old maxim, that “the darkest time in the told, was for hot, and the other for cold water, Mr. night is just before day.” Exert yourself in hope. Be in- had, however, given orders, that, upon the ringing of either dustrious, diligent, and innocent. Trust in God. Never bells, a fresh supply of hot water should he poured in despond; and assume the genuine American motto,“ Don't rang what he had been told was the cold water bell, anal

Parr, when in the bath, thinking it too warm, immediately give up the ship."

waited for a minute or two, expecting the heat to diminish

. Finding, to his great surprise, the water hotter than before, TRADE WITH CHINA.

and thinking that he had pulled the wrong bell, be rang the It has long been the opinion of those best acquainted with other as hard as possible. But this only increased the the Chinese, and with their eagerness to make money, that evil, by producing a reinforcement of hot water until u the exclusion of Europeans from all the ports of the celestial length the heat became so intolerable, that be jumped mer empire, with the exception of Canton, was much more the of the bath in a passion, exclaiming, “Good God, da they fault of the East India Company than of the Chinese them- mean to boil me?"_“ No, Doctor," said Mr. selves. The following intelligence from the Singapore was listening on the side of the door, “I only intended that Chronicle will show how well founded this opinion is : you should be par-boiled.”

_New Monthly Magazine “ The intelligence from Canton received at Singapore came KOLLEKINS, the celebrated sculptor, could never be made down to the 3d of November, and was of some interest in a to comprehend the distinctions of rank, or even of perses commercial point of view, it appearing, from the report of He would go up to the Duke of York, or the Primeros some vessels appointed to ascertain the fact, that a reason Wales (in spite of warning,) take them familiarly by the able prospect existed of opening a beneficial trade with the button, like common acquaintance, ask them how their Chinese ports to the eastward, notwithstanding the imperial father did, and expressed great pleasure at hearing he was prohibition against it. A report, at some length, had been well, saying, “ When he is gone, we shall never get such published of the voyage of the Amherst, sent out by Mr. another.” He once, when the old King was sitting to kis Majoribanks, the late head of the English factory at Can for his bust, fairly stuck a pair of compasses into his nex ton, to ascertain the disposition of the natives along the to measure the distance from the upper lip to the foret.rad

. coast. In the course of the voyage it was ascertained that as if he had been measuring a block of marble. His late the Chinese generally were anxious to cultivate friendship Majesty laughed heartily at this, and was amused to find and to trade; the local mandarins, for the inost part, not at that there was a person in the world ignorant of that rast all averse to second the efforts of the foreigners, though interval which separated him from every other man-Ce more solicitous about maintaining their rank, than desirous bridge Chronicle. of temporary gain ; but the supreme government is decid. CELIBACY.-It is a miserable lot. It is a branchless tree edly hostile to any such attempts. At the same time it was growing up to decay, without a limb to shelter its trunk found that none of the local squadrons in the harbour were from the storms of existence. able to drive away one well-armed merchant-ship, Great Lord Mayors, a few centuries ago, must have been ea jealousy existed almost universally of the privileges en-, sidered terrible fellows, when an assemblage of them joyed by Canton, which give to that port virtually the them was looked upon as an omen of the most dreadful

import monopoly of the whole trade of the empire with foreigners. We find in an old northern perdiction of the fifteenth centur This information, now that the period for opening the trade that such a combination portended evils to the country at is so near at hand, will not fail to be truly appreciated." the most awful character. It is said to If any thing connected with the East Inaia Company's com-, “When London sees three Jord Mayons ! mercial policy could be considered strange, it would be

Let England for troubles prepare; strange that they should have traded two hundred years with

For in that year, on mischief bent, China without making this discovery. We have not the

The Devil will stalk through Kent," least doubt that in five years from this time, we shall see

And the men of the West and North, ships sail from Liverpool for ports in the Yellow Sea, and

To the battle field will go forth; even in the islands of Japan, of which we do not at present

And the raven of war will be fed, know the name.

For the living can't bury the dead." The first English ships reached China in the year 1634 ;

• Was he not Swinging it there very lately! and at length, in 1834, the trade will be thrown open. The commerce of the most nuinerous, the most industrious, and the richest people of Asia, will therefore have been bound

CONTENTS OF NO. XIV. in the fetters of monopoly for exactly two centuries, in so

On the Moral Training of Children:................. far as England is concerned. How singular, that the

English May-Games....................................... greatest commercial nation in the world, and the nation

The Rural Population........... which, after all, best understands the true principles of com

Slavery Necessarily a System of Cruelty ........... narave mercial policy, should be the last to abandon so prodigious

Grafted Fruits, &c......

A Duet................. a nuisance as the China monopoly! It would be impossible to form an exact estimate of the evils and losges which

The Luxury of Leather Breeches..........

The Story-Teller–George Mason; or, Life in the Western the country has sustained from our perseverence in this

Territory.... folly; but the reader may arrive at a tolerable notion of it,

Trade with China..... by considering, that in the fifty years which have elapsed SCRAPS—Trap for a Pun, &c... since the Commutation Act, the people of this country will have paid to the East India Company, for the single article of tea, beyond what the tea might have been 'had for in a free market, a snm equal, with simple interest, to at least a hundred millions sterling or what would have paid one

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No. 42.VOL. II.

SATURDAY, MAY 18, 1833.


TECHNICALITIES OF THE DUELLO, the event of either of the parties not having fired directly DUELLING is about done. So long as this cus

after the word “ fire." Either of the parties firing after

this word “stop," must be liable to the consequences before tom was only impious, immoral, and semi-bar

a court of law. In the event of the party who has offended barous, there was small hope of it being aban or provoked the challenge not returning the fire, or firing doned; but it has for some time been waxing in the air--this is to be considered as an apology, and vulgar, and is now getting so ridiculous, or ludi- the challenger's second must be satisfied, unless a blow, or crous, that for one duel that is seriously talked of any such violent insult may have been the cause of the chal

lenge. If neither of the parties be killed, or so severely a score are the subject of outrageous laughter. wounded as to prevent further proceedings, the second of These are fatal symptoms. Unless a man is killed, the principal who considered himself aggrieved, or who sent it is now impossible to preserve a serious face in the challenge, will be asked whether he is satisfied ; if he bearing of the challenge, the acceptance, and should be, the affair ceases ; if he should not be the second fierce rencontre. No one now profits by duels having received the fire of the other whom be has offended

of the adversary will be asked whether, after his principal save the caricaturists and paragraph-mongers. or aggrieved, he will acknowledge it, so as to render further For a long time tailors, men-milliners, and young proceedings unnecessary—the affair may then be arranged clerks, having more of the fear of commonsense be by the seconds

. Should the intervention of the seconds be fore their eyes than" the better classes,” abstained without success, a second round is to be fired with the from a practice, most wretched and sinful, if ear. the other second. If a blow should have passed, which can

other brace of pistols—the same words being given, but by nest,--and if, as in ninety-nine cases out of a hun hardly be supposed between officers, the second of the party dred, half or whole make-believe, as purely ludi- who struck the blow must consent that his principal shall crous. But since they have mingled in the high mys- think proper, unless a written apology is made by the offend

be fired at so long as the second of the party struck shall teries of the Duello, it has waxed into contempt. ing party. The evading the operation of the civil law, in An affair of honour is now at best an affair of words fatal cases, must be left entirely to the judgment of the -at worst an affair of utter folly. In the UNITED parties concerned ; but in the event of the duel being fatal SERVICE JOURNAL., a high and competent autho- to either party, it is the first duty of the seconds to proceed rity, being both Tory and Military, we find the immediately together, and make written note of the profollowing rules of procedure laid down for the con- by both of them, each keeping a copy."

ceedings of the whole trausaction, which should be signed duct of a Duel-it being understood that the affair may originate in anything or nothing :

After the promulgation of this pandects, no

one can be held excusable who misconducts him" The message haviug been carried by a friend, the seconds are appointed. They are immediately to put them self in the Duello, whether as principal or seselves in communication with each other, and from that

cond. moment are not to have any direct parlance with each other's principals. The principals are in the hands of the

LETTER FROM ITALY. seconds. The seconds are to appoint the place and time of

TERMINATION OF THE HOLY YEAR AT ROME-PILmeeting, which must be subject to no change after the principals are informed of them, unless the seconds think proper to alter either to prevent interruption. So soon as

INFANT JESUS-PAPAL BENEDICTION AT ST. PETER'S the time and place shall be appointed, the seconds will select the spot, taking notice that there shall be as little

Rome, December 28, 1826. advantage as possible on either side in the position of the It may not be unacceptable to you to learn how the Holy ground-twelve paces making the extremities. The seconds year, or year of jubilee, so celebrated throughout all cathowill toss up for ends, and the principals will be placed iic countries, has terminated in the metropolis of the caaccordingly. The pistols having been loaded by the se tholic world. I have witnessed the ceremonial of closing conds, in presence of each other, the brace will be separ the holy gate, which, though not the grandest, is one of the ately given by them to the principals. The principals rarest ceremonies of the Roman church, not having taken will

stand right hand to right hand, each with the pis- place for half a century past ; and I now sit down to give tol cocked. This being done, the seconds will move wide you a few particulars concerning it, to which I shall ada off the centre, where, on arriving, they will stand to some account of the usual Christmas ceremonies in this gather. One of the seconils, previously appointed with the city. knowledge of the principals, will give the word “ ready," The year of jubilee, intended, I believe, on its original sport which the principals will each bring their pistols to 1 institusion, to be held once in a century, laving been found the prescrit." The same second will then give the word to promote the interests of the church, as well as to afford

Tlie seconds will be at liberty to cry « stop,” in 1 pecuniary advantage to the papal government, has, in more



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