Page images

" It was half an hour after midnight, when one of the Mr, Hill was educated at

at Eton College, whence he was keepers of the chase, as he lay beneath a holly bush listen- removed to St. John's College, Cambridge, where he ing, with a prolonged groan, to the audible voice of revelry was of age to take orders, he occasionally preached at the in the hall, from which his duty, had lately, excluded him, Tabernacle

, and at the Tottenham-court-road Chapel, happened to observe two forms approaching; one of low. which threw some impediment in the way of his receiving stature, a light step, and muffled in a common mantle :

:-ordination. The Bishop of Bath and Wells was at length thegther with the air, and in the dress, of a forester - induced to admit him to a deacon's orders, which was the sword at his side, and pistols in his belt. The ale and the Mr. Hill was however, always tenacious of his clericali cha

highest step he was permitted to attain in the hierarchy. wine had invaded the keeper's brain, and impaired his racter, regarding himself as an Episcopal clergyman.[1 One sight; yet he roused himself up with a hiccup and a “hil of the first public occasions upon which he distinguished loah,' and where go ye, my masters ?! The lesser form himself, was in delivering a funeral oration on the death of whispered, to the other—who immediately said, “Jasper preached on the occasion, and who, moreover, had expressed

Mr. Toplady, who had forbidden' a funeral sermon to be Juzg, is this you? Heaven be praised I have found you so his disapprobation of some of Mr. Hill's uncanonical prasoon ; - here's that north country pedlar, with his beads and ceedings, although his young friend stood high in his esteem. blue ribbon-he has come and whistled out pretty Nan In 1783, Mr. Hill laid the first stone of Surrey Chapel, Malkin, the lady's favourite, and the lord's trusty maid." I which was opened in 1781 ; but, although he was usually

considered as the pastor, preaching there constantly during left them under the terrace, and came to tell you.'

the winter, the chapel was not licensed as under his pas** The enraged keeper scarce heard this account of the toral care. He generally spent a considerable portion of faithlessness of his love to an end,-he started off with the the summer in visiting various parts of the United Kingswiftness of one of the deer which he watched, making the dom, preaching in places of worship of every denomination

which would admit of his services, and occasionally preachbonghis crash, as he forced his way through bush and glade ing in the open air. The remainder of the summer he ; direct for the hall, vowing desertion to the girl, and de- usually passed at Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire,

struction to the pedlar. " Let us hasten our steps, my love,' where he had a house and a chapel. About the time that said the lesser figure, in a sweet voice ; and unmantling as

he opened Surrey Chapel, he married Miss Mary Tudway, she spoke, turned back, to the towers of Haddon, the fairest sister of Clement Tudway, Est., M.P., for Wells by whom e face ce that ever left them the face of Dora Vernon herself. he had no issue. Mrs. Hill, died a few

years ago.

Few ministers of the Gospel have had to bear the scorn• My men and my horses are nigh, my love,' said the taller ful brunt of opposition, to contend against- religious anifigure; and taking a silver call from his pocket, he imitated mosity, and to bear on through good report and evil rethe sharp shrill cry of the plover ; then turning round he port, through so long and and active a career as Mr. Hiu. stood and gazed to Haddon, scarcely darkened by the setting it so single-handed. The independent and ambiguous ec.

Few have challenged the encounter so boldly, ot sustained of the moon, for the fèstal lights flashed from turret and clesiastical position which he assumed, as theoretically a casement, and the sound of mirth and revelry rang with Churchman and practically a Dissenter, Dissenter withaugmenting din. Ah, fair and stately Haddon," said in the Church, a Churchman among Dissenters, necessaLord John Manners, little dost thou know, thou hast lost rily involved him, especially in the early part of his career,

in continual polemic skirmishing. His very catholicism thy jewel from thy brow—else thy lights would be dimmed, sometimes put on an aggressive form, for of nothing was he tħy inirth would turn to wailing, and swords would be so intolerant as of sectarianism. But while: he thus made flashing froin thy 'portals in all the haste of hot pursuit. himself many opponents, his blameless character precluded Farewell, for a while, fair tower, farewell for a while. I his having any persqual enemies. The sarcastic or censo

rious polemic was forgotten in the warm-hearted philan. shält return, and bless the time I harped among thy menials thropist, the indefatigable evangelist, the consistent saint. and säng of my love and charmed her out of thy little In Mr. Hill, no ordinary degree of natural shrewdness was chańber window. Several armed men now came suddenly combined with an unsuspecting and guileless mind. This down from the hill of Haddon, horses richly caparisoned sometimes laid him open to imposition. Deep and accur. were brought from among the trees of the chase, and the not always quick-sighted in reading its appearance in the

ate as wag 'his'acquaintance with huinån nature, he was ancestors of the present family of Rutland sought shelter, individual. He understood the heart better than the moral for a time, in a distant land, from the wrath of the King of physiognoiny of character; and thus his shrewdness did not the Peak."

preserve him altogether from forming mistaken estimates. His generous benevolence was a distinguishing trait of his

character ; and he seemed to have the power of inspiringa BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE LATE T* Hii! REV. ROWLAND HILL.

his flock with the same spirit. On two occasions on which

collections were made in the churches and chapels through, Ir is our melancholy task to record in our present paper, out the kingdom, (the Patriotic Pund at Lloyds, and the the decease of that truly venerable Christian pastor, the subscription for the relief of the German sufferers) the col-" Rev. Rowland Hill, which took place on Thursday evening, lections at Surrey Chapel are recorded to have been the the 11th instant, at his house in Blackfriars-road, after an largest raised at any one place. The sum annually raised 1744. He was the son of Sir Rowland Hill, Bart., of has been from £1,500 so £2,000. As a , Mr. Hul Hawkestone, an ancient and highly respectable Shropshire was extremely unequal, as well as systematically unme. familyanı His elder brother, Sir Richard Hill, for several thodical; generally rambling, but pithy, often throwing sessions ,sat in the House of Commons as member for the out the most striking remarks, and sometimes interspersing county: "He was a man of distinguished piety, benevolence, touches of genuine pathog, amid much that bordered upons and eccentricity, and was the author of a tract, entitled the ludicrous. But even in his most grotesque sallies, there Pietus Oroniensis, in defence of the young men who were was a redeeming simplicity of purpose and seriousness of espellod from the University of Oxford in 1766, for praying, intention. You felt that the preacher did not mean to trifle; and expounding the Scriptures. This has given rise to the that there was no attempt at display, no unhallowed famierroneous notion that Mr. Rowland Hill was one of the liarity in his feelings or, want of reverence to sacred things.

The present Lord Hill, Commander-in-Chief In his more private expository exercises, he was generally of his Majesty's Forces, is nephew to the venerable person- grave and edifying, with fewer inequalities, and often highwho is the su hject of this brief memorial.

ly impressive. -Patriot.




other hand, prefers a peculiar kind of food, the ova of the THE SALMON.

echinodermata, and takes with great reluctance, any other WE learn from the Scotsmun, that of fate years Dr. kind of food. Hence, the moment he enters rivers, having Knox has paid much attention to the natural history of abandoned his batural feeding ground, be deteriorates ut the salmon and herring; and the following is given as the stantly, refuses all kind of food, loses weight and tar os, substance of several papers, which the Doctor has read and gets, in short, entirely out of order; nor can be pues before the Royal Society

recover from this state till he has visited the feeding fra 11.4 The deposition of the ova or eggs of the salmon under in the ocean. "the gravel of mountain-streams, its long confineinent in

THE BERRING that situation, its growth into a fish about an inch in

As to food, whilst feeding on the incredibly minute entornolength,its ascent through the gravel, and rapid growth straceous animals which forın his food, and which it was whilst in the rivers —he carefully watched, and observed pecially affects, the condition of the herring is excellenty fat personally. Twenty weeks was the period from the time dering it an extremely desirable food for man. In this state the of depositioni: to their bursting the shell. For nine days stomach seems as if almost altogether empty, though at the longer they contime under the gravel as fishes, drawing moment full of minute animals, to be discovered only by their nourishment from the yolk of the egg, which is, of the microscope, and on which the animal has been "feet course, attached to them by the unbilical vessels, or more The intestines, also, seem as if empty; the tunics of properly by the omphalo mesenteric vessels. During this whole digestive canal are fine and semi-transparent, anås period they do not eat or grow much, but, without doubt, free of intestinal and putrescent debris found in the stonia acquire strength. When the yolk on which they have been and intestines of animals, as if the herring actually

, fed es feeding becomes nearly exhausted, they rise from their sandy nothing but air and water. Nevertheless, the intestin and gravelly bed, making their way to the surface, through are full of the remains of the entomostracee, but the a thickness varying from one foot io two; and at last gain rise to no putrescence. Whilst thus fed, the herring is i. their new haliitation in the waters. Dr. Knox had not

the very highest condition, and is scarcely inferior to any opportunities of observing the fry immediately after their fish. When he approaches the shores, thus quitting the post coming into the river, but in ten days they may be cauglit per feeding ground, he, like the herling, takes to other ans in the river very considerably grown, and in twenty days coarser food : his condition alters, and his filesh become si have attained a length varying from eight to nine inches. and tasteless; the stomach and intestines are found hedal An'extensive personal inquiry shewed that they are never with putrescent remains, and, gutted or ungutted, this ish the prey of the trout, and a more limited one renders it prepared, could never be brought into the market as em doubtful if they can become the prey of kelt or spawned to the product of the Dutch fisheries. The examination et *galmon on its return to the ocean. It is probably to avoid the reports of the British fisheries, and of the efforts esde

the effects of severe frosts that the salmon selects the beds by them to force upon foreign markets the ill-conditionat of the running streams as the spot for the favourable de- herrings caught on the British coasts, and to bring theta inte position of the ova. The beds of rivers, he conjectures, competition with the finely assorted and carefully prepare must vary in temperature somewhat, and the author sup. products of the Dutch deep-sea fisheries, affords matter war poses that extreme frosts are less likely to reach the gra- much serious reflection. The Trustees for the fisheries tel vel under the stream than under the pool. Whether this, up a theory which rested upon no proper foundation what toyether with other circumstances, may lead the salmon ever, viz., that the difference of the product of the fisheries to prefer the soil below the stream to that below the pool, consisted in the mode of preparation, and that this depen' he does not pretend to decide, but frequent experiments ed on the Dutch gutting the herring previous to salting er have convinced him that the opinions of Sir Humphrey curing. Dr. Knox found that this had no foundation orka Davy, Jacobi, and others.-opinions which maintain that ever, and states his readiness to prove that the highest heutthe gravel is selected by the salmon on the ground of the ties imaginable on British herring, and the imposing reste better aëration of the ova, have no real foundation what- tions, amounting nearly to prohibitions against the entry

Dutch herrings into our West India colonica, and into Bm The food of the fry has been determined precisely, and taing

, will never improve the British fisheries, but wito their whole habits, by repeated anatomical examinations auteuded with an effect diametrically opposite. It was post made by himself; and he has left as little as possille, for what consolatory to know, in a national point of view, two conjecture on any of these points, in so far. as regards the for want of knowledge, the French followed pretty stati anatomical and physiological parts of the inquiry. The our owa plan, and by means of duties, restrictions, and facts next brought out regard the hybernation of salmon bounties, contrived to import into their West India parte and trout. This led to an investigation of the par, and of sions, cured fish, totally unfit for the use of inan, and what the original type of the trout specics. The inquiries into the were thrown into the sea. Thu importation of thiad Brian history of the par was attended with more dificul:y than herrings into our colonies, and into Germany, difredi any other part of the inquiry; and all he pretends at pre- this respect, that from the former foreign bersings comid de sent to advance is, that the par is male and female, and prohibited from competition, by heavy duties Siner that it does not grow either into a trout or a salmon. The period of James I. to the present day this seems a la hybernation of the trout, and the curious circumstance of been the mode adopted to force the consumption of B:12 jis burying itself under the gravel during winter, can products. Dr. Knox thinks he is able to point out a ledare scarcely be questioned. The salmon seems to hybernate mode for the attaining this very desirable object, hogy somewhat in certain seasons. A great number of salmon of knowledge of a strictly scientific kind, regarding the and trout do not enter into the spawning condition, and tural objects to be legislated upon, which can never be * consequently may be got in first rate order as food, at any tained through the evidence of persons whose.wordes et time, provided they have the means of subsistence. Now, habits of thought, motives, and interests, at once reader this the salmon can always get at in the ocean, which is hostile to truth, and unfit for the investigation oí seitlik his true feedinground. He cannot get food in rivers, of objects. the kind he desires, if he be a truc salmou. The salmontrout, on the contrary, even at the mouth of rivers, will Means OF PREVENTING GLASS FROM CRACKING ST take to the fry of other fishes

, to vorins ; and, in rivers Heat. Mr. Steele, of this place, has communicated to theniselves, he will feed on the lurræ of insects, insects that he has ascertained that by making with a diamonds themselves; and in short, on the ordinary food of trouts slight cut from the top to the bottom of the contes side Ile is a coarse feeding fish, seldom good as an article of of glass used for lamps, it is prevented from cracking fool, and only at that time when feeling on the true sal- withstanding the heat to which it is exposed. The incin mon food of the ocean. without value; maintaining, however, it is true, his and the glass, after it is cool, returns to its originað skaper weight in rivers tolerably well. The true salmon, on the with only a scratch where the cut is made.


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]




11,111 1111 (91) The 'rockof Doune, or, as it was originally called, the From a calculation made upon returns printed in the rock of Kilmacrenan, is famous as being the place where Unitarian Chronicle for September, October, anul Nouemthe chieftains of Tyrconnel were , inaugurated by the

ber last, it appears that there are in England about 200 Albats of Kilmacrenau ;, and also as being where the congregations (Presbyterians, General Baptisty &e hof Unifierca Sin Calais O'Doherty closeul his life, in the reign of ceed 250 hearers, and the average is below 100; 2) consist

tarian, alias Socinian principles. Of these, 180 never et James I.

of between 250 and 500 hearers, and about i funr, may The plantation of Ulster' had not as yet taken place ;l sometimes approach towards 1000 or 1200 kearers. The bat already many Scots had settled theinselves' along the Unitarian chapel at Birmingham is stated to be attenled rick alluvial lands that? Border the Loughs Foyle and by about 1100. Finsbury Chapel, London, (W. J. Fox) Swilly; and it was Sir Cahir's 'most desired end and aim has about 700. Hackney Chapel, (R. Aspland,) 500. Nora to extirpate these intruders. He was the Scotchman's tingham, (B. Carpenter,) 500 Bridport, (R. Croe,) 500. curse and scourge. One of these Scots had settled in the Davis,) 500. Bolton,"(F. Baker,), 400.

Newcastle, (W. Turner,) 500. Chorobent, Lancashire, (R.

Leicester, (C. falley of the Lennon ; Rory O'Donnell, the Queen's Earl Berry,) 400. Essex Street, London, (T. Madge,) 350. of Turcaunel, had given him part of that fertile valley - With the exception of these and a few others, the congregaand he thore built his bawn. But Sir Cahir, in the midst tions of this seci present only skeleton regiments. of night, and Sindy Ramsay's absence, attacked his enclo. Unitarians,” says a writer in the Monthly Repositor y, isure drove off his cattle

, slaughtered his wife and child- Bristol or a Manchester audience is magnificent. But let and left his pleasant homestead a heap of smoking highly as we will still six prosperous societies, out of some

those half-dozen flourishing congregations be deemeil of as sunsatuad adat

three hundred, is a small proportion. Of our knowledge, The Seot on his return home, saw himself bereaved, we can speak of some scores that scarcely show signs of teie eesolate in a foreign land, without property, kindred, life. The number of hearers in them will not average por los zonothing, his, but his true gun and dirk. He more than thirty, Few beings are more to be pitied knew that five hundred marks was the reward offered by than a Unitarian minister placed in one of these societies." the Lord oDepare for Síp Cahir's head. With a heart This writer, himself a Unitarian, while bearing evidence to unddériod hy rienge, with hope resting on the promised the dying state of the greater part of the congregations, aprepant, he vesired to the wooded hills that run parallel pears to overrate their total number. From 220 to 230 to the Hill of Doune; there, under covert of a rock, his must be, we are persuaded, the utmost number, aud the gue resting on the withered branch of a stunted oak, he total number of hearers cannot exceed 12,000, or at most waited day by day; with all the patience and expectancy 15,000. The orthodox dissenting congregations of the of a tiger in his lair. Sir Cahir was a man to be marked three denominations exceed 2,200 in England alone; and in a thousands he was the loftiest and proudest in his the aggregate of attendants is estimated at nearly a million. bearing of any 'man in the Province of Ulster ; his Spa- The total number of dissenting congregations of every Prowish hnt with the heron's plume was too often the terror testant denomination in England and Wales, is uptiards of of walesonyien i the rallying point of his friends, not to 7,500. Such is the proportion which Unitarianism bears besphaka theo 'Doherty even the high breastwork of to Evangelical dissent,

CORTS A D ti sot love sfonësi added to the natural defences of the rock, Sophiiftet fide the chieftain from observation.'

nema joong

1912. Oh ad On Matý Thursday, as Sir Cahir rested on the eastern

31846 SITI NUMPHREY DAVT'S CORRESPONDENCE. hurmofiko rdek'looking toivards the Abbey of Kilmacrenan,'|. I HARDLY know what to say to you concerning your plans napreting a friar to come from his favoured foundation of of studying chemistry Chemistry is the science of the *** Colinibkit, to slirive him, and celebrate mass; and, as le minutest fornis of nature, and your peculiar science is the was chutting to his men beside him, the Scotchian applied enunciation of the great parts of the Great Being-human dhti tūres to his levelled 'matchlock, and, before the report societs—or man. The two 'sciences have no connexion. bewezenta toll its echoes through the woods and hills, the "The little; the obscure, and the unknown ought not, perhaps, will had passed "through Sir Cahits forehead, and he lay: 'eter to be the subjects of speculation for the moral pliiloso

feless on the ramparts. "His followers were panic-struck; pher, and alt chemical 'subjects are of this kind. they thought that the rising of the Scotch and English was Cheniistry spoils me- perhaps will destroy me--as a superni them, and,'deserting the lifeless' body of their leader, metaphysician. When I ought to be generalizing concernchuw bepersed through the mountains. "In the meanwhile, Ing Boles, "I dind myself endeavouring to divide and to mia Storchman'approached the rock ; he saw his followers find ce: He soon severed the head from the body, and wrap It may be worth your "while to amuse yourself with ping it in his plaid, of he set in the direction of Dublin. chemistry; but it is not worth your while to study it as a. Ha trapelled all that day, and at night took shelter in a science. You have nobler pursuits. Any man can be a eabin belonging to one Terence OʻGallagher, situated at one chemist.'' One of the most celebrated cheni ists in town is of the Fords of the river Finni. Flere Ramsay sought a one of the most stupid fellows I ever met with. All his ***** lodging, which Trishmen never refuse; and, partak- powers seem to be seated in his hands and eyes. Not one fitum ef w daren cake and some sweet milk, he went to rest, of a million can be a poet-philosopher; for 1 persist in #rich Sir Oxhir's head under his own as a pillow. The giving you this title. Hotchnran slept sound, and Terence was up at break of Why then should you employ the instruments of the davd. He exw bloodli oozing out through the plaid that meaner arts in acting upon mankind, when the great, the

prved as his guest's pillow, and stespected all was not right; wonderful instrument of language connected with feeling hyestitting the cartan plaid, he saw the hair and head of a is all your own. Use it. Hasten to act upon the deforin. man. Slowly drawing it out, he recognized features well ed being-civil society. Be the kindler of the fames that known to every man in Tyrconnel; they were Sir Cahir’s. are to destroy the unintelligible. Make its ashes the reWerence krew as well as any man that there was a price ceptacles of the germ of pure and simple truth. Be the obvthis very hendaming price abundant to make his for. father of the language of life. nema price he was now resolved to try and gain. So off Tam alternately experimenting and idling; sometimes full Deretter started, and the broud Tyrone was almost crossed of energy, and smeared with dirt and quicksilver-at other by O'Bullaghor before the Setchman awoke to resume his times dreaming beneath a great rock hanging over the del internet. The storg is still

told with triumph through thie of thie Avon ; 'dell which is beautiful, becálise Nature is tinant ', how the brighmani, without the treason, reaped the towand of Sir Cahit's deatha

not murderer, or even wounded in it, by the garage hands of inin,


WHAT ARE COALS ?-Among the results of geological changes, those of vegetable bodies, or remains termed fossil

(from fossus, Latin, dug out of the earth), are not the least THE WONDERS OF PHYSICS.

interesting. Thus, eoals are fossils produced from forests What mere assertion will make any man believe that in which have been overwhelmed by the earth, and subjected

to certain influences, which philosophy has hitherto been one second of time, in one beat of the pendulum of a clock, perplexed in satisfactorily defining. That wood may be a ray of light travels over 192,000 miles, and would there- converted into coal is acknowledged, yet men do not so well fore perform the tour of the world in about the same time agree in their explanation of the process by which the that it requires to wink with our eyelids, and in much less change is effected. Any person who has not considered than a swift runner occupies in taking a single stride : the subject, will probably ask what resemblance does coul

bear to wood ? a ready answer to which may be given in What mortal can be made to believe, without demonstra- the concise definition of Dr. Ure; “Coal is in fact to fegt. tion, that the sun is almost a million times larger than the table matter, what adipocire is to animal matter, a com earth ? and that, although so remote from us, that a can- plete chemical change, in which the fibrous structure dis non ball shot directly towards it, and maintaining its full appears." speed, would be twenty years in reaching it, it yet affects Society lately published a paper by Professor Davy, "Bu i

The New FULMINATING SILVER.-_The Royal Dublin the earth by its attraction in an inappreciable instant of

new acid (the fulminic) and its combinations." Whilst as. time ?_Who would not ask for demonstration, when told amining these substances, he discovered a new fulminating that a gnat's wing, in its ordinary flight, beats many hun- silver, having the common properties of Howard's ca. dred times in a second ? or that there exist animated and

pound, but distinguished from it by spontaneously explod. regularly organized beings, many thousands of whose bo. ing in chlorine gas. A single grain of this fulminate

sufficient to produce about 100 separate explosions in this dies laid close together would not extend an inch ? But gas, and about 1000 explosions may be produced in about a what are these to the astonishing truths which modern half ounce phial of the gas. The fulminate is instantly eoptical inquiries have disclosed, which teach us that every ploded when droped into mixtures of gases containing 1-100 point of a medium through which a ray of light passes is of chlorine gas. Hence it is a delicate test of the primesc affected with a succession of periodical movements, regularly substitute for the fulminating compounds at present sel

of this gas, and will probably admit of application as a recurring at equal intervals, no less than 500 millions of mil- in the percussion locks of guns. lions oftimes in a single second ! that it is by such movements, communicated to the nerves of our eyes, that we see-nay, Pitt.-Pitt was a tall thin man, of a fair skin, and with more, that it is the difference in the frequency of their re- rather an effeminate gait. He had light-coloured hair, aal currence which affects us with the sense of the diversity of grey, watery eyes, and a projecting sharp-pointed nose a la colour ; that, for instance, in acquiring the sensation of tle turned up. His forehead, in the part nearest to ks redness our eyes are affected 482 millions of millions of busts ; and to those who are observers of human facer

eyebrows, came far out, as may be seen in his statues and times ; of yellowness, 542 millions of millions of times; and gave the notion of his being a man of the greatest possible of violet, 707 millions of times per second? Do not such things clearness of thought, and firmness of character; and ex sound more like the ravings of madmen, than the sober he proved himself on every occasion. His manner of speakiconclusions of people in their waking senses ? They are, ing in the House (and I seldom heard him except in Pasnevertheless, conclusions to which any one may most cer- stretched forth his right arm to its utmost length, kept his

liament) was very lordly and commanding; he generally tainly arrive, who will only be at the trouble of examining left hand on his hip, or on the table near which he usual, the chain of reasoning by which they have been obtained. stood, and his feet at a proper distance from each other


and spoke deliberately, like a person reading from a wels BLASTING ROCKS UNDER WATER BY MEANS OF THE Diving BELL.--Three men are employed in the diving bell. Piosziana.

written book, and in a voice as loud and deep almost as bell ; one holds the jumper, or boring iron, which he keeps constantly turning ; the other two strike alternately quick smart strokes with hammers. When the hole is bored of

CONTENTS OF NO. XXXIX. the requisite depth, a tin cartridge filled with gunpowder, about two inches diameter and a foot in length, is in- Cursory Kemarks on Ireland ........... serted, and sand placed above it. To the top of the car

State of Ireland...... tridge a tin pipe is soldered, having a brass screw at the Demoralization of Slavery and its Barbarities. upper end. The diving bell is then raised up slowly, and Education in America... additional tin pipes with brass screwe are attached until

The Miners of Bois-Monzil.......................****...* the pipes are about two feet above the surface. The Three Argument, in favour of a Repeal of the Taxes on Koo man who is to fire the charge is placed in a boat close to ledge, by Lord Broughain......... the tube, to the top of which a piece of cord is attached, Verses FOR THE Young.--Hymn for the Sons of the Clergy which he holds in his left hand. Having in the boat a THE STORY-Teller.The King of the Peak, a Derbyshire Tale, brazier, with small pieces of iron red hot, he drops one of By Allan Cunningham ... them down the tube, this immediately ignites the powder, Biographical Sketch of the late Sir Rowland Hill...... and blows up the rock. A small part of the tube next the The Salmon................ cartridge is destroyed; but the greater part which is held | The Herring by the cord, is reserved for future service. The workmen Sir Cahir O'Doherty in the boat experience no shock, the only effect is a violent

Unitarianism in England ebullition of the water arising from the explosion; but those who stand on the shore, and upon any part of the rock con

Sir Humphrey Davy's Correspondence nected with those blowing up, feel a very strong concussion.

Scientific Notices.-The Wonders of Physics ;-Blasting Racks The only difference between the mode of blasting rock at

under Water by means of the Diving Bell, &c ................ Howth and at Plymouth is, that at the latter place they connect the tin pipes by a cement of white lead. A certain EDINBURGH : Printed by and for Joux JOHNSTONE, 19, R. Jame depth of water is necessary for safety, which should not be Square.—Published by JOHN ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, je, Norli less than from 8 to 10 feeti_Repertory of Patent Inven.

Bridge Street, Edinburgh ; by Joux MACLEOD, and ATKINSON&CO tions.

Booksellers, Glasgow; and sold by all Booksellers anil Vender of
Cheap Periodicals

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors][merged small]



[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

104494ebojte se

that heat. Then, in June, when the Bees in a hive Heni Continued from No. 31.)

begin to be very crowded, so that they come out *** ABOUT the middle of May when the of Bees in and hang in clusters on the front, or about the a hive come to be pretty numerous, the consump- entry of the hive, and if, previous to this, drones tion of honey within is much greater than in any were observed amongst them, they ought to be of the preceding months. Consequently, should carefully watched every fine day from nine or ten cold, misty, or cloudy weather occur, light hives o'clock, A. M., until three or four P. M., as a swarm will run a great hazard of perishing by famine. may be expected very soon if the weather holds Particular attention ought, therefore, to be paid good. There are some hives, in which, instead of to Bees at this season by supplying them, as I the Bees hanging in clusters about the entry of the formerly directed, with some honey when the hive, they spread themselves on the stool for three weather is unfavourable. But, on the other hand, or four days before swarming, and great bustling should the weather in this month prove mild and will be observed about the entry of the hive ;' but serene, the Bees will procure plenty of honey and if they do not swarm in the course of a week after farina in the fields, as the flowering plants are this symptom is observed, they generally begin to now becoming plenteous. They have the furze, a cluster together as in the former case, and convery early flowering plant which continues long in tinue, perhaps, in this way, for several weeks blossom, and from which they collect abundance before swarming. There are other hives, although of farina ; also the garden and wild mustard, the comparatively few in number, that swarm without yellow gowans and hawthorn, and, towards the lat showing any outward or visible appearance, such ter end of May, there are the broom, and the balmy as clustering about the entry, or front of the hive; plane-tree, both of which are extremely grateful to but although they do not show any signs of this Bees, as they afford them abundance of provision, description, yet they will be observed to reel every and also fruit trees of various descriptions. Then, fine day, which reeling is occasioned by a great in June, come the I white cloveruva fower which ruñber of Bēes flying about, and making a conBees very much resort to, and which yields then fused motion before the entry of the hive. Therethe finest of honey, and numerons other plants and fore,hen any of the foregoing symptoms are flowers which wise nature lavişhes, with a prodigal, observed, it is an indication that the Bees are hand on these industrions insects, furnishing them making preparations for swarming, and accordwith abundance of honey and wax in their different ingly ought to be attentively watched every fine seasons. Now, the entries of the strong hives | day during the whole of the swarming season. should be considerably enlarged, both to allow the During the time a hive is swarming the utmost Bees freedom to work, as well as sufficient air.. silence ought to be observed, and the Bees not Bees seldom begin to swarm before the beginning interfered with until they alight and are fairly of June. The symptoms which are shewn by them settled on' some bush, when, if possible, let the

before swarming are of so yarious and uncertain a swarm be immediately brought to the ground, laid - nature that it is almost impossible to determine the carefully on a sheet or other cloth, and a hive --* exact time when a hive is ready to swarm; al.. płaced over it, resting the edges of the live on **though a person well skilled in Bee-husbandry two or three small knobs of wood, so as to prevent may form a tolerably correct idea of the time when the Bees from being crushed, and also to afford a hive will throw a swarm. The following observa-them sufficient room to go up into the hive. Then tions, however, may tend to throw some light upon let the hive be well screened from the rays of the subject. When the number of Bees in a hive the sun, and watched closely until the-heat of increases fast they begin to water or sweat. . This the day is past. ' As, sometimes, the Bees, after water, which is the exhalations occasioned by their continuing two or three hours it the bive, will rise warmth, is of an insipid taste, and is observed in and return to the mother hive again, or perhaps the morning' upon the stool before the entry of the fly away altogether to some place, previously, tixed Hive, but, when the Bees get very numerous, this on, such as a dead hive which may have been left water is dried up by the still grenter increase of standing in any apiary near by, a trunk of a tree,

« PreviousContinue »