Page images

STATE OF IRELAND.The following is from “ Traits The enchanting scenery and beautiful humming birus no and Stories of the Irish Peasantry :"

longer anused me; and the thundering crack of the cart. "Any person conversant with the Irish people must fre. whip, sounding in my ears as I rode along, excited feelings quently have heard such dialogues as the following, during of a very unpleasing description. On reaching the estate the application of a beggar for alms :

I was received in the most friendly manner by the overMendicant. We're axin your charity, for God's sake! seer, and entertained with West Indian hospitality. This

Paor Tenant-Whethen for His sake you would get gentleman, after some inquiries as to the state of things it, poor crathur, if we had it; but it's not widin the four in England, began to enlarge on the comfortable condicorners of the house. It ' weil for us if we had now tion of the slaves; and pointing to some negro coopers all we gave away in charity durin' the whole year; we who were working in the yard, asked if I could perceive trouldn't have to be buyn' for ourselves at three prices. any difforenco botween the condition of these slaves and Why don't you go up to the Big House ? They're rich an that of English labourers. I owned I could not; they can afford it.

seemed to work with great regularity and apparent good huis Mendicant, (with a shrug, which sets all his coats and mour. Immediately afterwards the overseer called out in a bags in motion)-Och! och ! The Big House inagh! Musha, very authoritative tone, “ Blow shell.” A large conch shell do you want me, an' the childhre here, to be torn to pieces was then blown by one of the domestic slaves, and in a sid the doys? or lashed wid a whip by one o' the sar few minutes four negro drivers made their appearance in wints? No, 110, avourneen (with a hopeless shake of the front of the house, accompanied by six common negroes. hea:l.) That 'ud be a blue look-up, like a clear even. The drivers had each a long staff in his hand, and a large

Poor Tenant. Then, indeed, we haven't it to help cart-whip coiled round his shoulders. They appeared to you now, poor man. We're buyn' ourselves.

be very stout athletic men. They stood before the ball Mendlicant.--Thin, throth, that's lucky, so it is! I've door, and the overseer put on his hat and went out to them, as purty a grain o' male here, as you'd wish to thicken while I sat at the open window and observed the scene wather wid, that I sthruv to get together in hopes to be which followed, having been informed that the other able to buy a quarther o' tobaccy, along wid a pair o' new six negroes were to be punished. bades an'a scapular for myself. I'm suspicious that there's The first was a man of about 35 years of age.

He was about a stone ov it altogether. You can have it anundher what is called a pen-keeper, or cattle herd; and his of:. the market price, for I'm frettin' at not havin' the scapular fence was baving suffered a mule to go astray. At the an me. Sure the Lord will sind me an' the childhre a bit command of the overseer he proceeded to strip off part of an' sup some way else – glory to his name !-begides a lock his clothes, and laid himself dat on his belly, his back and o' praties in the corner o' the bag hero, that'll do us for this buttocks being uncovered. One of the drivers then comday, any way.

menced flogging him with the cart-whip. This whip is The bargain is immediately struck, and the poor tenant about ten feet long, with a short stout handle, and is an is glad to purchase, even from a beggar, his stone of meal, instrument of terrible power. It is wbirled by the operain conseqnence of getting it a few pence under market price tor round his head, and then brought down with a rapid Such scenes as this, which are of frequent occurrence in the motion of the arm upon the recumbent victim causing ile country parts of Ireland, need no co:nment.

blood to spring at every stroke.

When I saw this specThis, certainly, is not a state of things which should be tacle, now for the first time exhibited before my eyes, permitted to exist. It is an indelible disgrace to the legisla- with all its revolting accompaniments, and saw the degradture so long to have neglected the paupers of Ireland. Is it to ed and mangled victim writhing and groaning under the be thought of with common patience, that a person rolling in infliction, I felt horror-struck. I trembled, and turned wealth shall feed upon his turtle, his venison, and his costly sick ; but being determined to see the whole to an end, Inxuries of every description, for which he will not scruple I kept my station at the window. The sufferer, writhing to pay the highest price that this heartless and selfish like a wounded worm, every time the lash cut across his man, whether he reside at home or abroad, shall thus un body cried out “Lord! Lord! Lord !" When he had rewnscionably pamper himself with viands purchased by the ceived about 20 lashes, the driver stopped to pull up the prople, and yet not contribute to their miseries, when poor man's shirt (or rather smock frock), which had poverty, sickness, or age, throws them upon the scanty. sup- work ed down upon his galled posteriors. The sufferer port of casual charity.

then cried, “ Think me no man ? think mo no man ?"

By that exclamation I understood him to say, “ Think DEJORALIZATION OF SLAVERY AND ITS

you I have not the feelings of a man?" The flogging BARBARITIES.

was instantly recommenced and continued ; the negro In a pamphlet, entitled Three Months in Jamaica, pub- continuing to cry " Lord ! Lord! Lord !” till 39 lashes lished by Hatchard, a shocking account is given of West bad been inflicted. When the man rose up from the Indian profligacies and barbarities. The author, Mr. ground, 1 perceived the blood oozing out from the laceratWhiteley, states that he went out (seeking the employed and tumefied parts where he had been flogged; and ment of book or storekeeper) with favourable notions of he appeared greatly exhausted. But he was instantly the condition of the slaves. He was well acquainted with ordered off to his usual occupation. The next was a young the state of the factory children, and conceived their lot man apparently about 18 or 19 years of age.

He was to be worse than that of the negroes; he had soon reason forced to uncover himself and lie down in the same mode to alter his opinion.

as the former, and was held down by the hands and feet "I proceeded on horseback to New Ground Estate. by four slaves, one of whom was a young man who was On my way thithor I saw much majestic and beautiful himself to be flogged next. This latter was a mulatto scenery, and enjoyed the prospect exceedingly, until I the offspring, as I understood, of some European formercame in sight of a gang of negroes at work. Most of ly on the estate by a negro woman, and consequently them were females; and they were superintended by a born to slavery. These two youths were flogged driver, with his cart-whip in his hand. Just as I rode exactly in the mode already described, and writhed and past, tbe driver cracked the whip, and cried out-“ Work! | groaned under the lash, as if enduring great agony. The work!" They were manuring the canes, and carrying mulatto bled most, and appeared to suffer most acutely. the magure in baskets on their heads. It appeared to They received each 39 lashes. Their offence was some me disgustingly dirty work; for the moisture froin the deficiency in the performance of the task prescribed to manure was dripping through the baskets, and running them. They were both ordered to join their gang as down the bodies of the negroes. This sight annoyed me usual in the afternoon at cane-cutting.–Twa young woconsiderably, and raised some doubts as to the preferable men of about the same age were, one after the other, then condition of West India slaves to factory children. laid down and held by four men, their back parts moso This pamphlet is selling at one peony in Ingland.

indecently uncovered, and 39 Inshes of the blood-stained thousands of it were sent here,

whip inficted upon each poor creature's posteriors. Their

We ish

door o


exclamations likewise was LordLord Lord!" They took place on

e on the 27th of September - The finger som seemed also to suffer acutely, and were apparently a good an old man, about 60 years of age, deal lacerated. 1. Another woman (the sixth offender) was mention. He was the third driver upon ille estate there also laid down, and uncovered for the lash; but at the in- being'five altogether, whose sole employment was literal. tercession of one of the drivers she was reprieved. The ly, driving, of coercing by the whip, the negro populatura

of these three women was similar to that of the to labour. With tbis old man I had had some conversa. two young men--some defalcation in the amount of la- tion, and felt particularly interested in him, for this sigvert this cruel operation, with as much seeming indifference fully of my aged father, whom I left in England. He tad as if he had been paying them their wages.

He told been upon the estate a great number of years. I resided on New Grouud estate, from the time me that not one of the negroes' belonging to the gang ba of my arrival in the beginning of September, and exclu- wrought in when he first came to New Ground was not sive of some occasional absences, altogether fully seven alive. He came up to the overseer's door at shell-blow weeks ; and during that period I witnessed with iny own one day, and gave in, as is the practice, on a tally or bit eyes the regular flogging of upwards of 20 negroes (277 of notched stick, his account of the balf day's work of on the estate.) I heard also of many other negroes being the gang he superintended. The overseer was dissatisfed flogged by order of the overseer and book-keepers in the said it was insufficient—and ordered him to get a log: field, while I resided on the plantation, besides the cases ging. The old man said, “ Well, Busha, me could bari which came under my own personal observation. Neither done no better had you been standing by." Then, grasdo I include in this account the slighter floggings in Alicted ing deeply, he laid down his staff and whip, usloosed his by the drivers in superintending the working gaugs, which clothes, and lay quietly down to be flogged without being I shall notice afterwards.

I shall held. One of the other drivers, who had been called mention only two other cases which particularly excited forward, appeared very reluctant to perform the office ; bir my sympathy; for, after a few weeks, although my moral on the overseer swearing a rough oath or two, he pro abborrence of slavery continued to increase, my sensibility ceeded to inflict the usual punishment of 39 lashes

. The to the sight of physicial suffering was so greatly abated, old man, looking up in the overseer's face implorines, that a common flogging no longer affected me to the very cried out after every stroke for several minutes, * Busia painful degree that I at first experienced. The first of Busha! Busha!" but seeing no signs of relenting, be these two cases was that of a married woman, the mother ceased to call on bim, expressing his feelings ons by of several children. She was brougbt up to the overseer's groans. I was deeply affected by the sight

, and felt a one morning; and one of the drivers who came with the moment that these groans were an awłat'appeal to her accused her of having stolen a fowl. Some feathers, the judgment seat of Him whọ beareth the cry of the said to have been found in her hut, were exhibited as oppressed. When the paoishment was over, and ihe poor evidence of her guilt. The overseer asked her if she man arose, the other drivers looked at each other and would pay for the fowl. She said something in reply, shook their heads, but uttered not a word. They dared which I did not clearly understand. The question was repeated, and a similar reply again given. The overseer

The horror with which Mr. Whiteley viewed these then said, “ Put her down." On this the woman set up scenes, and the fact of his being a sectarian (a Methodis a shriek, and rent the air with her cries of terror. Her soon subjected him to persecution. A friend war ned bia, countenance grew quite ghastly, and her lips became pale that it was necessary to his safety to renounce aay appear: and livid. I was close to her, and particularly noticed her

ance of sectarianism, and enrol himself a member of the remarkable aspect and expression of countenance.

The Colonial Church Union; for the Established Church as overseer swore fearfully, and repeated his order“ Put the shibboleth of tyranny in these as well as in other her down !". The woman then craved permission to tie parts; whence it is, we suppose, that the Bishops, 25 some covering round her nakedness, which she was allow- Lord Eldon remarked in justification of the practice, bare ed to do. She was then extended on the ground, and never raised their voices against the wickedness of slavery

. held down by two negroes. Her gown and shilt were Mr. Whiteley not complying with this advice, the intesliterally torn from her back, and, thus brutally exposed, tion to tar and feather him was formally communicates she was subjected to the cart-whip. The punishment in by a deputation from the St. Ann's Colonial Churca flicted on this poor creature was inhumanly severe.

She Union. His alleged offences were tbe mention of the was a woman somewhat plump in her person, and the

name of God, especially to negroes, inquisitiveness as to whip being wielded with great vigour, every stroke cut crimes and punishments, and preaching to the slaves deep into the flesh. She writhed and twisted her body whicks last charge he denies. In little more than three violently under the infliction-moaning loudly, but utter months he was obliged to quit the island. Mr. Whicde ing no exclamation in words, except once when she cried mentions the case of negroes who were punished for prafo out, entreating that her nakedness (her parts of shame) might not be indecently exposed,—appearing to suffer, from matronly modesty, even more acutely on account of

EDUCATION IN AMERICA her indecent exposure than the cruel laceration of her body. But the overseer only noticed her appeal by a brutnl reply, (100 gross to be repeated,) and the flogging eight free Schools, besides twenty-three Sabbath schools in

“ There are at present at Boston (says Mr. Stuart) diar continued. Disgusted as I was, I witnessed the whole to A close. I numbered the lashes, stroke by stroke, and children educated, from the age of four to seventeen, nicker

all of wbich the poorest inhabitant of Boston may have bu counted fifty,—thus exceeding by eleven the number al- any expense whatever.

The children of both sides and lowed by the colonial law

to be inflicted at the arbitrary freely admitted. The funds for these schools are derimod will of the master or manager. This was the only occasion on which I saw the legal number of 39 lashes exceed. ture and Corporations, and enable the trustees, consistere

from bequests and donations, and grants from the Legisla ed, but I never knew the overseer or head book-keeper of twelve citizens annually elected by each of the reweled give less than 39. facerated. When permitted to rise, she again shrieked give the teachers salaries, varying from 2500 to B90 dollar violently. The overseer swore roughly, and threatened, a-year. The assistant teachers have 600 dollahs if she was not quiet, to put her down again. ordered her to be taken to the hot-house or hospital, and by the trustees. No expense whatever is ined med at de

He then strict system of supervision and regulation is established put in the stocks. She was to be confined in the stocks schools for the children except for books. The richer cheer the day at light work. She was too severely mangled private schools who were paid in the usual way but there to be able to go to the field for some days. This fogging now find that the best teachers are at the head of the pubbi



rauk enjoy the privilege, altogether inof New York; babitants of New England and the State improve this condition of things." AND EDINBURGH

1911 schools, and in most cases prefer them; the children of the "It presents views not unworthy of notice, especially if hig best and lowest rat

the order and decorum which distinguish the people of the valuable in a 'free of being educated together." United States, and the total absence, in that country, of

Here is a passage which some folks in Scotland would those whom, in Britain, are designated as the rabble or the do well to Ponder over. How different are their usages mob, are to be ascribed to the general education of the peofrom those of the New Euglanders ? In every squire's ple. All ranks are educated in those parts of the United family here a tutor---paid partly in cash and partly in a

States where there is any thing like a crowded population. promise of church preferment,-is retained for the express Their example proves that there is no risk in bestowing the purpose of keeping the sprouts of aristocracy free from right to vote in elections on all persons not incapacitated by plebeian coạtamination ;-and if they are sent to a public crime, who have been well educated.” school, it is still under the inspection of the same mentor,

And why has not Britain long ere now seen to the educa. aud the seminary chosen is usually that Eton of Scotland, tion of the great mass of her population? In the United the Edinburgh New Academy. From such a course of States, a country yet in its infancy, the matter has ever tuition, what fruits can be expected but an inordinate stock been one of main concernment. In many parts of Germany, of selfishness, pride, and conceit, that render their posses- State schools are found in every district, and the attendance sors, in after life, offensive or ridiculous to the inferior classes even rendered compulsory. Communal schools have now of society? Even in our burgh towns, where a desire to

been established in France, and parochial ones, though ill. ape the great is but too prevalent, we find the local exclu- endowed and faultily organized, have long existed in Scotsiyes, with the means of excellent education at their doors, land. We do not require to look far to discover the cause sending off their children to distant schools, for no other of this gross omission on the part of our rulers. The past discoverable season than to keep them away from the ordi. government of the country has not been paternal, but oli. nary children of the place. The good example of the Ameri- garchical,—its policy was to aggrandize the few, and to necans apart, we are much mistaken if political causes be glect the many. The axiom of knowledge being power, not now at work which will break this pragmatical system

was never lost sight of by the dominant faction, whose uniof education to pieces; and, by a more promiscuous mixing form object has been to keep the mass of the people in as up of the youth of all classes, give birth to those early as

ignorant and debased a state as possible. Hence the little sociations which form the only true and enduring cement favour shewn to the Scotch parochial schools; hence the among the diversified orders of a free country.

withholding of the like establishments from England and Nor is the course of instruction in the New England Ireland; hence the taxes on knowledge and other restricschools so stinted and meagre as it is in our deservedly prais- tions on the press; hence a brutalizing criminal code; hence ed parochial schools of Scotland. Mr. Stuart thus describes dear justice; hence flogging in the army; hence the game it

laws,—and hence many other enactments and usages which The general plan of education at the public free schools will melt before the popular breath of a Reformed Parliai here is not confined to mere reading, writing, arithmetic ment, as the noxious vapours of the night are dispelled by Ets, and book-keeping, and the ancient and modern languages; the beams of the sun. <? but comprehends grammar, mathematics, navigation, geo

The United States are amply supplied with Universities graphy, history, logic, moral and natural philosophy; these for the higher branches of study,—of which, Yale College schools being, as stated in their printed regulations, intend- in Connecticut, and Cambridge, near Boston, both visited ed to occupy the young people from the age of four to by Mr. Stuart, are the most distinguished. seventeen, and to form a system of education advancing from the lowest to the highest degree of improvement Lord BROUGHAM has moved for certain returns rewhich can be derived from any literary seminaries inferior specting national education. He states, that the endowed to Colleges and Universities, and to afford a practical and and other schools are not equal to more than the instructheoretical acquaintance with the various branches of a tion of one-fifteenth part of the population, and mentions useful education."

that, “In one of the largest goals in this country, out of Mr. Stuart folloirs up his account of the Ney England 400 prisoners there were 200 utterly incapable of reading, schools with a few general notices.

and 50 more could only tell their alphabets, without being « It is not however, to be in ferred that education at free able to read even the shortest words. He hoped that some schools is so general 11 over the United States as in the plan, founded on rational principles, could be devised to


provision for public schools is ad. mirable in all the populous States, - Pennsylvania, New

THE 'MINERS OF BOIS-MONZIL. Jersey, Maryland, Virginia, &c.; and free éducation can AN AFFECTING AND AUTHENTIC NARRATIVE, BY AN any where be procured, even in the southern States, for whites, on application being made for it. The appropriations of land for schools in the old States were formerly On Tuesday, February 22, a violent detonation was sudvery much confined to the donations of individuals, many denly heard in the coal-mine of Bois-Monzil, belonging to of which have now, however, become valuable; but the M. Robinot. The waters from the old works rushed imappropriations for schools in the new States have been regu-petuously along the new galleries. “ The waters, the lated by Congress, and their extent is immense. Every waters !" such was the cry that resounded from the atfrighted township of the new lands is divided into thirty-six sections, workmen throughout the mine. , Only ten miners out of each a mile square, and each containing 640 acres. One twenty-six were able to reach the entrance. One of them sedtion of every township is appropriated for schools. In brought off in his arms, a boy eleven years old, whom he addition to this, great appropriations have been made in thus saved from certain death ; another, impelled by the Ohio, Tennesse, Kentucky, and other of the western States air and the water, to a considerable distance, could scarcely fur seminaries of a higher order, to the extent of about one credit his escape, from such imminent danger; a third fifth of Ithose for schools. The land belonging to public rushed forward with his sack full of coals on his shoul. schools in the new istates and territories, in which appro- ders, which, in his fright, he had never thought of throw, priations have been made on the east side of the Mississippi | ing down, amounts to about eight millions of acres, and is of course The disastrous news, that sixteen workmen had perished advanciug in value as the population increases. The ex. tent of land which will be appropriated to the same pur- of St. Etienne. It was regarded as one of those fatal and

in the mine of M. Robinot, was soon circulated in the town Droga when the land on the western side of the Mississippi is deplorable events, unfortunately, too çommon iu that Rettled must be prodigions, at present not capable of being neighbourhood," and on the ensuing Thursday it was no The reflections which Mr. Staart makes on the subject with a population of 100,000 souls the Birmingham and Coventry or

* St. Etienne, a manufacturing town for hardware, and ribbands, hd been treating of, are too judicious’to be omitted. France. "It is situated on the banks of the Loire.

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

longer talked of. Politics, and the state of parties in Paris, or by penetrating throngh perilous and narrow crevices and excinsively occupied the public attention.

cef ts of the rock. It The engineers of the mines, however, and some of their

In the midst of their corporeal and mental labouts pupils, who, on the first alarm, had hastened to the spot, their attention was suddenly excited from another painful still remained there, continuing their indefatigable endeay- source. The wives of the hapless miners had hier niet ours to discover the miners who were missing. Nothing all hope was not extinct. They hastened to the spots with that mechanical science, manual labour, and perseverance, heart-rending cries, and through tears, alternately of de prompted by humanity, could perform, was left undone. spair and hope, they exclaimed, « Are they all there?

" Where is the father of my children? Is he amongst them, Thirty hours had already elapsed since the fatal accident, when two workmen announced the discovery of a jacket

or has he been swallowed up by the waters ?** and some provisions belonging to the miners. The engi.

At the bottom of the mine, close to the water-reservoir,

a consultation was held on the plan to be pursued. "Engi. neers immediately essayed to penetrate into the galleries where these objects had been found, which they accomplish-neers, pupils, workmen, all agreed that the only prospect of ed with much difficulty, by crawling on their hands and ready sensibly dimivished, by the sole working of the

success consisted in exhausting the water, which was ab feet. In vain they repeatedly called aloud ; uo voice, save the echo of their own, ansvered from those narrow and steam-pump; the other pumps produced little or no effert, gloomy vaults. It then occurred to them to strike with notwithstanding the vigorous efforts employed to render

them serviceable. Somebody then proposed remedying the their pick-axes against the roof of the mine. Still the same uncheering silence !...Listen! yes! the sounds are answered

failure of these pumps by une chaine a bras, viz by formhoy similar blows !–Every heart beats, every pulse quick- method was adopted, and several of the pupils proceeded

ing a line, and passing buckets from one to the other; this ens, every breath is contracted ;- yet, perhaps, it is but an illusion of their wishes—or, perhaps, some deceitful echo générale was beat in two quarters of the town only. The

with all speed to St. Etienne. It was midnight. T# . They again strike the vaulted roof.—There is no long. Hotel de Ville was assigned as the place of rendezvous. (ta er any doubt. The same number of strokes is returned the first alarm a great number of persons hurried to the tovu. No words can paint the varied feelings that pervaded every hall, imagining a fire had brokon out, but on ascertain luk heart! It was (to use the expression of a person present) a the real cause, several of them returned home, apparently veritable delirium of joy, of fear, and of hope.

moved. Yet these very same persons, whose supposed apce Without losing an instant, the engineers ordered a hole thy bad excited both surprise and indignation, quickly reto be bored in the direction of the galleries where the min-appeared on the scene, dressed in the uniform of the Nation ers were presumed to be; at the same time they directed, ai Guard. So powerful is the magic influence of organized on another point, the formation of an inclined well, for the masses, marching under the orders of a chief, and stimulapurpose of communicating with them.

ted by l'esprit de corps. Two of the engineer's pupils were now despatched to the It was truly admirable to see with what address and rapmayor of St. Etienne, to procure a couple of fire-pumps, dity, the three or four hundred men, who had kastet d ** which they conducted back to the mine, accompanied by Bois-Mopzil, passed and repassed the buckets, by forminds tiro firemen. In the ardour of youthful humanity, those chain to the bottom of the nine. But their generoas effetti young wen imagined that the deliverance of the miners was became too fatiguing to last long. Imagine a subterranean but the affair of a few hours ; and, wishing to prepare an badly lighted, where they were obliged to maintain the ti 6 agreeable surprise” for the friends of the supposed vic-selves in a rapid descent, in a stooping posture, to avoid tims, they gave strict injunctions at the mayoralty to keep striking their heads against the roof of the vault

, and, mest the object of their expedition a profound secret.

of the time, up to the middle in the water, which was driş Notwithstanding the untiring efforts made to place these ping from every side ; some idea may then be formed of bei? pumps in the mine, it was found impossible. Either they painful situation. They were relieved from this laborima were upon a plane too much inclined to admit of their play. duty by the Garde Nationale of St. Etienne, whese za ing with facility, or the water was too muddy to be received and enthusiasm exceeded all praise. But a more precies up the pipes ; they were therefore abandoned. In the reinforcement was at hand : the work men from the alt meantime, the attempts made to reach the miners by sound cent mines now arrived in great numbers. From the ing, or by the inclined well, seemed to present insurmount. skill and experience every thing might be expected ; if they able difficulties. The distance to them was unknown : failed there was no further hope. the sound of their blows on the roof, far from offering a The chaine a bras was again renewed by companies of the certain criterion, or, at least, a probable one, sermed each National Guard, relieved every two hours, who

, at respect time to excite fresh doubts ; in short, the rock which it was tive distances, held the lights and under whose orders they necessary to pierce was equally hard and thick, and the acted. It was a cheering spectacle to behold citizens of all gunpowder unceasingly used to perforate it, made but a ranks engaged in one of the noblest offices of humanity, hopeless progress. The consequent anxiety that reigned in under the direction of poor colliers. the mine may be easily conceived. Each of the party, in The immense advantages of the organization of the Ns. his turn, offered his suggestions, sometimes of hope, some. tional Guard, were never more strikingly exemplified this times of apprehension, and the whole felt

oppressed by that on this occasion. Withont them there would have been vague suspense, which is, perhaps, more painful to sup- means or possibility of uniting together an entire populi

. port, than the direst certainty. The strokes of the unfor. tion; of leading the people from a distance of more than tunate miners continued to reply to theirs, which added to three miles night and day, fo as to insure a regular se their agitation, from the fear of not being able to afford continued service; all would have been trouble and contre them efectual help. They almost thought that in such a sion. With them, on the contrary, every thing was read painful nioment, their situation was more distressing than and in motion, at the voice of a single chief; and the whole those they sought to save, as the latter were, at any rate was conducted with such precision and regularity as bál sustained by hope.

never, on similar occasions, been witnessed before. While most of the party were thus perplexed by a crowd, The road from St. Etienne to Bois-Monzil, exhibitał > of disquieting ideas, produced by the distressing nature o scene of the most animated kind. the event itself, and by their protracted stay in a mine motley and moving multitude, the National Guarde where the few solitary lamps scarcely rendered « darkness seen hurrying to and fro; chasseurs, grenadiers, cataire visible,” the workmen continued their labours with redou- and artillerymen, all clothed in their rich new costumes bled ardour ; some of them were hewing to pieces blocks of on a field day. Some of the crowd were singing la Parka the rock, which fell slowly, and with much dificulty: sienne, others were lamenting, praying, hoping, der named, whilst some of the engineer's apprentices sought to those opposite extravagancies of sentiment no preulaart discover new galleries, either by creeping on “ all foars," characteristic of a French popwlation. Wheu night die

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

In the midst of de


de as bola muntains na bumils tra iprick1416Nyug of the scene was spatchel to Situs tienne; where it excited the most authti, till wore heightened. Fresh bands of minerd; conducied, siastic demonstrations of sympathy and glædwess Bati vvheirstespective chiefs, coming in from every side their there is no pleasure unmixed with alloy; 1 meneral, luge O Flangeslighted up byglaring torches ; Natioual Guards piness unaccompanied by particular exceptionis, Amongst Peixing from different parts of the Chutvyy to join their the workmen, was the father of one of the pen who comradesof St Etienne i farmevs and pertsants, con horsew disappeared in the wine. His paterual thinking si Semarau Lo. aki aud A-footy Hrastening ta offer their hunang aid ; 1-Sen- have endowed him with superhuman strength, Wight audio tine la postello-musketa / pided alatch-fires ; blazing, and, in day he never quitted his wvik but for a few minutes, LO, 1 heros ishe taukienseinble rendered the approaches of Buis return to it with redoubled ardour: one sole, absorbing Vouzil, like a bivouag on the eve of an expected battle; thought, occupied his whole soul; the idea that his song happily, however, the object of these brave men was to his only son, was with those who were heard' from within. preserve life, and not to destroy it. It is but just to render In vain he was solicited to retire; in vain they sti'ove to onaga-helye, to the worthy, curé of St. Villars, who, in his force him from labours too fatiguing for his age." My sou

ledenical Area, mingled everywhere with the anxious is amongst them,” said he ; "I hear him; nothing shall ago exhorting anul entouraging them in their good prevent my hastening his release ;" and, from time to time, haigs both byt precept aui example :

he called on his son, in accents that tore the hearts of the 191 * He dal no bigot's pride-no sectary's whim;

bystanders. It was from his hand that the instrument had geriah, Christian and countryman were all to him."

been drawn. His first question was, “ My child ?" Like On the Saturday, the chaine à bras was discontinued, as Apelles, let me throw a veil over a father's grief.- Ilis thiet tegimera had now brought the pumps effectually to Antoine was no more ; he had been drowned! warha Suddenly, a cry of joy was echoed from mouth to For four days several medical men were constantly on south : " They are saved! they are saved! six of the the spot, to contribute all the succours that humanity, skill,

free from their subterraneous prison ! shouted a and science could afford. It was they who introduced,

on ai the entrance of the mine. The rumour was in through the hole, broth and soup, by means of long tin stly repeated along the crowd, aud a horseman set off tubes, which had been carefully prepared beforehand. The a full speed for St. Etienne, with the gratifying news; poor captives distributed it with the most scrupulous at20ther fellowed and confirmed the report of his predecessor. tention, first lo the oldest and weakest of their companions, The whole towu Was iu motion, and all classes seemed to for, notwithstanding their dreadful situation, the spirit of partade af the general joy, with a feeling as if each person concord and charity had never ceased for a single moment, izane ben individually, interested. In the exuberance of to preside amongst them. The man who was appointed by beir delight they were already deliberating on the subject the others to communicate with, and answer the questioris of a fide, to celebrate the happy event, when a third horse of their deliverers, displayed, in all his replies, a galerii man arrived. The multitude thronged round him expect. quite in keeping with the French character. On being ag a more ample confirmation of the welcome tidings. asked what day he thought it was, and on being informed But their joy was soon turned to sorrow, when they were that it was Monday instead of Sunday, as he had supposted; i forinel that nothing had yet been discovered, save the “ Ah !" said he, “ I ought to brave known that, as we jesucre dead bodies of two uaforiunate men, who, together, had day indulged ourselves freely in drinking-water." isis cleven children to Inment their untimciy fate!

Strange that a man should have the heart to joke, who had On Suwarg the workmeu continued their labour with been thus “cabin'd, criib'd, confin'!" during five tla ys; 'ided {}enak zeal and unertainty as before. A sort of inquietude titute of food, deprived of air, agitated by suspense, and in mantin hopelessless howevery occasionally pervaded their jeoparity vi porishing by the most horribly of all deaths ! winds which may be easily accounted for, from the hitherto There still remained full sixteen feet of solid Toek be t; uitless result of their fatiguing researehes. Discussions tauen tho two anxious parties; but the workmen's labours **** took place on what was to be done ; differences of were now, if possible, redoubled by the certainty of com.

junion ayo-e on the vnrious plans firoposcd, and, in the plete suediss, the intervals, light nourishment, in regnlated tablime, the sounds of the hapless victims, front the res quantities, comitis ued to be passed to the miners ; this, lione iztures of ihe rocky cavern, continued to be distiucuy audio ever, they soon rojeced, expressing but one desire, that their Dia Every moment the embarrassment and difucudies of friends would make luusto. Their strength began to fail

vagrkmengivereases. The fiinty, z koch: seemed to grow them their tespination became more and more difficult; more impenetrable; their tapis eitlier broke, zor becsipei 10 lunio a damninmigrew fechler annt tainter; and towards six texrd in the stone, that it was frequently impossible to pre o'cloclo in the revenings the last words that could be dis. zamem.. The water, filtered from all paris, through the tinguished, La Brothers make haste!" ***[7uw gallery they were perforating, and they exeu bogan - The gelmallanxiety was now wound up to the highest W poniend another ivruption. Catat

pischi git.w28, perhaps the most trying crisis yet experiena nas was the state of things on the Monılay morning, sed since the commencement of these benevolent labours; at wher, at four o'clock, an astounding noise was heard, length: the moment of deliverance was, all at once a 13wiochi re-echoed throughout the whole extent of the mine. ndinicent, anul tat ton o'clock it was aecomplished. One by A & Heral panic seized on every one, it was thought that one cher aprenred, liten spoeties, glising along the gallery the waters had forced a new issue. A rapid and confused which liat just heen completed ; their weali, and mitute sistint took place; but, luckily, their fears were soon allay- foins supported by the engineers, on whom they cast their con permixing that it was only an immense mass of rocki, teeble eyes, filled with astonishment, yet beaming with han inched from the mine, which bad fallen into a draining- gratitude. Accompanied by the doctors, they all, with one whil. This false alarmi, however, operated in a discourag- single exception, ascended to the entrance of the mine, withis manner, on the minds of the workmen ; and it requir- out aid ; such was their eagerness again to inhale the pro and some pianagement to bring them back to their respec- air of liberty. From the mouth of the ruine to the 1414Live stations, and to revive that ardour and constancy, porary residence allotted them, the whole way was illum which they had, hitherto, so admirably displayed.

nated. The engineers, pupils, aud the workmeni, with the They had scarvely chewed their endeavours to bore National Guard under arms, were drawn up iu two lines through the rock,when suddenly one of them, felt the in to form a passage ; and, thus, in the midst of a religionis rrumbut drawn from his hauds, by the poor imprisoned silence, did these poor fellows traverte an attentive aud WAST) Abrasvyleedust. klient, the instrument of delinen, sympathizing crowd, who, as they passed :lony, jinzelmed Sina vozu i laeix gurl siteation. Singular i relates their their heats, #Edit' di Hospeet tund Honoux 10 their sufhtge vagueat was neither for food non drink, but for ligiai, derings in on as if they were more eager to make use of their eyes thailla vinch are the affecting particulus of een event, during die theatisfy the prisning wants of appetite! It was now as- whole of which, pvery kind of business wis strenied at cptained that ieieht joi thesufferers still survived and this St. Etienne ; tan event

why exhibited the entire population fire it, autheivaC #count of the happy discovery was de. of a large town, furning, as it irge, but mie heart, enter.

« PreviousContinue »