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No. 36. Vol. II.


ON THE MORAL TRAINING OF CHILDREN. lost, or evil has befallen us, sorrow. But besides

these calm motions or affections of the mind, and (For the Schoolmaster.)

the stable desire of happiness, which employ our * LETTER V.

reason for their conductor, there are also others of

a different nature : The late admirable writer Mrs. E. Hamilton, in “ Certain vehement, turbulent impulses, which, her LETTERS ON THE ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OF upon some occasions, agitate the mind, and hurry EDUCATION, makes the following just remark, to it on, with blind inconsiderate force, to actions and account for her examining the affections, before pursuits, or to efforts exerted about such things, she treats of the principles of the cultivation of as we have never deliberately determined to be of the understanding :

consequence to happiness or misery. These tur. “Desires and aversions are the springs of human bulent passions, which are generally foes to men. conduct, because their influence commences in tal peace, are reducible to the four classes above some degree with our existence. In the produc-mentioned. Such as impel towards some apparent tion of our intellectual faculties, nature operates good, are called passionate desires ; such as tend by a slow and gradual process.

When her wise to ward off some supposed evil, are called aversions regulations are attended to, and not counteracted or fears; such as arise from the obtainment of by our officious folly, one faculty attains sufficient what was desired, as a good, or the avoiding of vigour before another is produced to assist in its what was feared as evil, are turbulent joys ; and development. But desire and aversion, which such as arise from the loss of supposed good, or may be termed the germ of the passions, appear in the suffering of supposed evil, are termed sore the infancy of life, and show symptoms of strength rows." and vigour, at a period when the higher intellec From these reasonings it appears that the prime tual faculties are yet feeble and imperfect. Hence duty of parents and teachers, towards the chilthe necessity of paying an early and unceasing at- dren who are intrusted to their care by the univer. tention to every circumstance which tends to call sal father, is to regulate those affections of desire forth those active powers, which, without such and aversion which are awakened so early in the superintendence, may become instrumental to the human mind; to prevent the formation of impromisery of the possessor."

per associations of ideas; and to induce the habit Another excellent writer (the late Dr. Estlin of self-command and restraint. By the associaof Bristol, in his Lectures on Moral Philosophy) tion of ideas is meant, that some ideas are so closely also remarks, that,—“As soon as the mind has connected, either by natural correspondence, or by acquired any notion of good or evil, by grateful habit, or by fortuitous circumstances, that; when or uneasy sensations of any kind, there naturally one idea arises in the mind, it shall introdnce its arise certain motions of the will, namely, desire of associate idea, and to separate them, is a very difwhat is good, and aversion from what is evil. ficult' task. Thus, if we have suffered severe pain For there constantly appears in every being, a in any particular place, ill treatment from any parfixed propensity to desire its own happiness, and ticular person, or great loss from any particular whatever seems to be the means of procuring it ; circumstance ; let us find ourselves again in that and to avoid those things wbich would render it place in which we endured the pain, and surroundmiserable. Besides these two primary motions of ed by the same external objects ; let the same perthe will, desire and aversion, there are two others son who injured us re-appear; let us be once more commonly ascribed to it, joy and sorrow. The involved in the very circumstances which were the former desire and aversion, have a reference to immediate occasion of our loss, and the same senwhat is future ; the latter, joy and sorrow, to what sations of uneasiness and aversion will recur. And, is past and present. So that when good to be ob- in like manner, if we be placed a second time in tained is in view, there arises desire ; when evil is scenes in which we had formerly experienced to be repelled, aversion : when good is actually emotions of pleasure, the same pleasurable feelings obtained or evil avoided, arises joy ; when good is I will again be awakened.

“A man receives a sensible injury from another,” should parents and instructors be not to permit any says the illustrious reasoner, Locke ; “ he thinks circumstances to intermingle with moral and re. on that man and that action, over and over again; ligious instruction, which might cause either of and by ruminating strongły, or niuch in bis mind, those most important of all subjects to be attended he so cements those two ideas together, that he with unpleasant associations. makes them almost one. He never can think on Let not virtue, morality, religion, be presented that man, but the pain and displeasure he suffered to ehildren in an unamiable point of view, as hard come into his mind with it, so that he scareely djs- and severe, as frowning upon innocent enjoyments, tinguishes them, but has as much aversion for the as contraeting the circles of human pleasures, lest one as the other. Thus, hatreds are often produced unfavourable impressions be made upon their from slight occasions, and quarrels are spread and minds, which may operate as slow but fatal poison. continued in the world.”

Let children, on the contrary, be led to behold These associations, when suffered to take root, virtue, morality, and religion, as all lovely in their are frequently, we may indeed say, generally, so natural charms, as their best friends, as enhancing tenacious as never to be completely rooted out, every true delight ; that thus pleasurable associaeven by good sense and acquired knowledge. Let tions may aid in conducting them to the path of parents and tutors of children, therefore, take happiness, and to life everlasting. heed that disagreeable repulsive ideas be not as. Let parents beware of uniting disagreeable as. sociated, in their infants, with circumstances and sociations, with the observance of the Sabbath, by objects, they must frequently meet in the common rendering it austere and gloomy, by stripping it course of things ; nor with employments in which of all innocent occupation, by overpowering the they will be called to engage, nor with duties they attention of children on that day of rest, with too will be required to fulfil in after life.

large portions of moral and religious instruction. This is an object which requires great care and By such injudicious zeal, well intended but not attention.

according to knowledge, many a youthful mind Ideas of ghosts, of supernatural appearances, of has been led to dread the return of that holy day; mysterious dangers, associated with the idea of and when the curb of parental authority has been darkness, awakened in the mind of the infant, by loosened, has flown to the other extreme, namels, tales of terror and superstition told in the nursery, its utter neglect. Let parents take care also, that have often rendered the man a slave through life disagreeable ideas be not associated in the minds to fears of the imagination; and even when grow of their children, with family worship, by making ing strength of intellect, and wise instruction, it tiresome by length, or by having it at improper have banished the belief in apparitions, the im- seasons. Let not the interference of parental or pression has continued ineffaceable. Let children, superintending authority be too apparent, or ton then, be early familiarized to darkness, and be frequent, or exerted upon trifling occasions ; lest, taught, by example and experience, that no danger by disagreeable association, it become disgusting attends the absence of light, but that of hurting to children, and terminate in absolute contempt themselves by striking against some hard or and aversion. Let not even affection manifest it. pointed substance, a danger which may be avoided self in officious care, in unreasonable and excessive by some little precaution.

anxiety ; lest, becoming burdensome, and an ebParents and teachers should take especial care, stacle in the way of enjoyment and exertion, it that repulsive associations do not attend the means excite, in the mind of its object, repelling ideas, of acquiring knowledge. If more be expected of and, by being associated with them, produce ir

. children than what is just and reasonable ; if les ritation and fretfulness, instead of gratitude and sons be given them, too long, or too difficult ; if love. they be required to attend to studies, subjects, and Antipathies the most absurd and unreasonable to books, above their capacities ;, if they be expected animals perfectly innocent, and to other abjects, to keep up painful application; and if they be de on account of form and colour, are frequently prived of those hours of bodily exercise, which in grown persons, who, thereby are rendered ridiare necessary to refresh the mind and recruit the culous to others, and uncomfortable to themselves

. spirits, such unpleasant ideas will be associated These antipathies are not natural, they are created with learning, as may form an insuperable obstacle in children by the force of example ; care, thereto their progress in the path of science, when they fore, should be taken to prevent this evil, for an advance in years. Such association has excited in evil it certainly is, because all unnecessary fear is many minds a dislike of books, and of the other an evil. means of intellectual improvement, which has Children may be taught to view, with delighted grown into settled aversion to all mental applica- curiesity, spiders skilfully constructing their webs, tion.

and earwigs with their shining cases of wings; and A public lecturer once declared, that he never their attention may be gradually led from them opened a Latin gramınar, or a grammar of any to their Great Maker. But if they bear those language, without an involuntary shudder, because around thein screaming, “Oh, the nasty, vrly he had been oppressed with that species of learning creatures !” and see their mothers, or other friends

, when he was a school-boy. And still more careful shrinking back, shuddering with real or afected

terror, they will catch the infection, and habit will ful spectacle of the benevolence of the Creator, soon confirm the same false feelings.

displayed in the animate world, be pointed out to Let parents, then, carefully watch over the their observation'; and heré let them be trained to earliest operations of mind in their childrer; and feast their eyes and their hearts. This will be if they discern any of those antipathies, errone- the most efficacious method of giving the soul ously styled natural, forming or formed, let them genuine sensibility, of rendering it all alive to feelendeavour instantly to counteract the impressions, ings of true sympathy. To rejoice with those who by destroying the association of pain or disgust rejoice, and to weep with those who weep, is one which excited them. Inform your children of the of the noblest, most improving exercises of the good effects those animals may produce; such as human mind. From such dispositions will flow destroying others whose excessive multiplication condescension, courteousness, affability. If such might provè prejudicial, or who are, in some re- sentiments rule in the souls of children, they will spects, noxious, or devouring substances which might show no overbearing haughtiness, no insulting conprove detrimental to the health of man, were they tempt of inferiors, they will use no harsh, comleft to putrefaction. Convince them that even manding language towards servants, nor expect those which have the power of inflicting pain, by them to attend their nod, and study to humour bites or stings, are necessary and beneficial parts their caprices. of the grand and wise economy of Nature, which Let children be trained to be actively charitable. the benevolent Maker of all things has established. Let them be conducted to the humblest hut of po

But antipathies may not only be early formed in verty, that they may witness the difficulties with the minds of children, against certain animals of which the poor have to struggle. Let them be the inferior orders; they may be directed, by ig- taught to cheer the spirits of the afflicted, and to norant prejudice, against the opinions, and even soften the pains of sickness, by condolence and against the persons of those fellow-men, who differ gentle offices of love. Let them feel the pleasure from generally received notions, or from those of of relieving or mitigating distress, out of their own their parents and friends. Such antipathies should means, and by denying themselves some of their be sedulously repressed, or rather prevented, by usual gratifications and amusements; and let them preventing the youthful mind from associating the know, that such sacrifices give additional satisfacidea of evil with difference of opinion ; by pointing tion in their practice, besides being, from the exerout pious and learned men, virtuous, benevolent, cise of self-denial, the more acceptable to God. and amiable characters, of totally different senti- Let them, therefore, see objects of compassion, of ments and sects. To preclude the formation of pity, of charity, that those amiable feelings may be such' prejudices, is of no small importance; because excited im their hearts, that they may have opthey lead to bigotry, to ill-will, to all antichristian portunities of exercising them, and that they may feelings, and finally to hatred and persecution. taste the delicious satisfaction of doing good. But Such antipathies, founded upon the associations of this should be done under prudent direction. evil with differences of political and religious faith, They should be taught gradually to discriminate have been fruitful sources of bad passions, of angry between worthy and unworthy objects, and not to feelings, of inhuman actions, of deadly and cruel be impelled by blind generosity, lest, as they adoppression.

vance in life, they meet with fraud and imposiPrejudices friendly to virtue, and to religion in tion, and their benevolent feelings be shocked and general, and hostile to vice, are the only prejudices blunted. which may be permitted and cherished with safety. By such methods, with such care and attention, All other prejudices are, in some respect or other, should parents labour to exclude from the minds unfavourable to the culture of the mental faculties, of their children all unfavourable, prejudicial, asand of the moral feelings.

sociations; all improper desires; all evil propensiLet children be accustomed from earliest child- ties; indulgence of appetite ; pride of rank or hood to take a care and interest in the affairs and wealth ; vanity of dress, person, or talents; selfishhappiness of others. They should be taught to ness; self-will ; obstinacy; impatience of restraint; consider how their little pursuits and arrangements insincerity; dissimulation; cunning; and every may conduce to the pleasure and gratification of species and degree of falsehood. Thus should they their playmates, as well as their own; and thus endeavour to cherish in the hearts of their chil. may be formed, in early life, the germ of that bene- dren all the amiable, benevolent affections ; love to volence, which will increase as they grow up, and God, to their parents, to their relatives and friends, become universal philanthropy. Children should to all mankind; religious principles and feelings ; be made to feel for every thing that has life, and compassion; condolence; mercy; pity; courteous. to take delight in imparting pleasure, even to the ness; regard for the happiness of all creatures ; most insignificant of percipient beings. Let them active self-denying charity. These are seeds of be instructed to consider every creature as the the best, the most precious kinds, which, if sown in creature of God; and in the happiness of every the infant mind, will, by the blessing of God, take creature to find an addition to their own, Let root, grow up, blossom in heavenly fragrance and them be taught to view with pleasure the vast beauty, and produce the fruits of virtue, of usefulvariety of animals, enjoying their respective powers ness, of felicity. I am, &c. and happy in their several ways. Let the delight




play, a smile should always be ready for him, that he may

feel protected and happy in the atmosphere of love. EDUCATION OF INFANCY.

It is important that children, even when babes, should never be spectators of anger, or any evil passion. They

come to us from heaven, with their little souls full of inno. Few people think that the management of very young should not interfere with the influence of angels,

cence and peace; and, as far as possible, a mother's influence babes has any thing to do with their future dispositions and

The first and most important thing, in order to effect characters; yet I believe it has more influence than can easily be calculated. One writer on education even ventures quillity and purity; for it is beyond all doubt that the

this, is, that the mother should keep her own spirit in trau. to say, that the heaviness of the Dutch and the vivacity of the French are owing to the different manner in which in that it is true, both with regard to mind and body. A

state of a mother affects her child. There are many proofs fants are treated in these two countries. The Dutch keep their children in a state of repose, always

mere babe will grieve and sob at the expression of distress rocking, or jogging them ; the French are perpetually tos- that expression means, but he feels that it is something pain

on a mother's countenance; he cannot possibly know what sing them about, and showing them lively tricks. I think ful_his mother's state affects him. a medium between these two extremes would be the most

Effects on the bodily constitution will be more readily favourable to a child's health and faculties. An infant is, for a while, totally ignorant of the use of less can see the one, and they cannot see the other. Chil


believed than effects on the mind, because the most thought. the senses with which he is endowed. At first, he does not see objects ; and when he sees them, he does not know that nursing, while under the influence of violent passion or emo

dren have died in convulsions, in consequence of a mother he can touch them. “ He is obliged to serve an apprentice- tion; and who can tell how much moral evil may be traced ship to the five senses,” and at every step he needs assistance in learning his trade. Any one can see that assistance tends the precious little being, who receives every thing from

to the states of mind indulged by a mother, while tending to quicken the faculties, by observing how much faster a

her ? babe improves, when daily surrounded by little brothers and

Therefore the first rule, and the most important of all in sisters. But in trying to excite an infant's attention, care should and keep her heart and conscience pure.

education, is, that a mother should govern her own feelings be taken not to confuse and distract him. His mind, like his body, is weak, and requires to have but little sustenance

The next most important thing appears to me to be, that a at a time, and to have it often. Gentleness, patience, and mother should, as far as other duties will permit, take the love, are almost every thing in education ; especially to those entire care of her own child. I am aware that people of helpless little creatures, who have entered into a world where moderate fortune cannot attend exclusively to an infant. every thing is new and strange to them. Gentleness is a sort

Other cares claim a share of attention, and sisters or doof mild atmosphere; and it enters into a child's soul, like be the case, the infant should, as much as possible, feel its

mestics must be intrusted; but where this must necessarily the sunshine into the rose-bud, slowly but surely expanding mother's guardianship. If in the same room, a smile, or a it into beauty and vigour.

All loud noises and violent motions should be avoided. look of fondness, should now and then be bestowed upon They pain an infant's senses, and distract his faculties. I him; and if in an adjoining room, some of the endearing aphave seen impatient nurses thrust a glaring candle before pellations to which he has been accustomed, should once in the eyes of a fretful babe, or drum violently on the table, or

a while meet his ear; the knowledge that his natural prorock the cradle like an earthquake. These things may stoptector and best friend is near, will give him a feeling of a child's cries for a short time, because the pain they oc safety and protection alike conducive to his happiness and casion his senses, draws his attention from the pain which beneficial to his temper. first induced him to cry; but they do not comfort or sooth You may say, perhaps, that a mother's instinct teaches him. As soon as he recovers from the distraction they have fondness, and there is no need of urging that point; but the occasioned, he will probably cry again, and even londer difficulty is, mothers are sometimes fond by fits and starts : than before. Besides the pain given to his mind, violent - they frequently follow impulse, not principle. Perhaps measures are dangerous to the bodily senses. Deafness and the cares of the world vex or discourage you, and you do weakness of eye-sight may no doubt often be attributed to not, as usual, smile upon your babe when he looks up earsuch causes as I have mentioned ; and physicians are agreed nestly in your face or you are a little impatient at his fretthat the dropsy on the brain is frequently produced by vio- fulness. Those who know your inquietudes may easily er. lent rocking.

cuse this; but what does the innocent being before you know Unless a child's cries are occasioned by sharp bodily pain, of toil and trouble ? And why should you distract his pure they may usually be pacified by some pleasing object, such nature by the evils you have received from a vexatious as stroking a kitten, or patting the dog; and if their tears world ? It does you no good, and it injures him. are really occasioned by acute pain, is it not cruel to add Do you say it is impossible always to govern one's feela another suffering, by stunning them with noise, or blinding ings? There is one nethod, a never-failing one prayer. them with light ?

It consoles and strengthens the wounded heart, and tranAttention should be early aroused by presenting attractive quillizes the stormy passions. You will say, perhaps

, that objects—things of bright and beautiful colours, but not glar- you have not leisure to pray every time your temper is proing_and sounds pleasant and soft to the ear. When you voked, or your heart is grieved. It requires no time the have succeeded in attracting a babe's attention to any ob- inward ejaculation of “Lord, help me to overcome thia ject, it is well to let him examine it just as long as he temptation,” may be made in any place, and amid ang em chooses

. Every time he turns it over, drops it, and takes ployments; and if uttered in humble sincerity, the voice that it up again, he adds something to the little stock of his scanty said to the raging waters, “Peace ! Be still l" will restore experience. When his powers of attention are wearied, he quiet to your troubled soul. will soon enough show it by his actions. A multitude of As the first step in education, I have recommended gentle, new playthings, crowded upon him one after another, only but constant efforts to attract the attention, and improve the serve to confuse him. He does not learn so much, because bodily senses. I would here suggest the importance of pre he has not time to get acquainted with the properties of any serving the organs of those sensea in full vigour. For in one of them. Having had his little mind excited by a new object , he should be left in quiet, to toss and turn, and jingle may be in the shade. A stream of light is dangerons to his

stance, the cradle should be so placed that the face of the infant it, to his heart's content. If he look up in the midst of his delicate organs of vision ; and if it be allowed to come in

at one side, he may turn his eyes, in the effort to watch it From the Mother's Book, a sensible little Volume, by an American Glaring red curtains and brilliantly striped Venetian carLady, republished in Glasgow.

peting are bad things in a nursery, for similar reasans

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As I was about to say—at the desk of the then treasurer BARBARA $

of the old Bath theatre_not Diamond's presented herself

the little Barbara S. On the noon of the 14th of November, 1743 or 4, I The parents of Barbara had been in reputable circumforget which it was, just as the clock had struck one, Bar- stances. The father had practised, I believe, as an apothebara S—, with her accustomed punctuality, ascended the cary in the town. But his practice, from causes which I long rambling staircase, with awkward interposed landing- feel my own infirmity too sensibly that way to arraign-or places, which led to the office, or rather a sort of box with perhaps from that pure infelicity which accompanies some a desk in it, whereat sat the then Treasurer of (what few people in their walk through life, and which it is impossiof our readers may remember) the old Bath Theatre. All ble to lay at the door of imprudence-was now reduced to over the island it was the custom, and remains so I believe nothing. They were in fact in the very teeth of starvato this day, for the players to receive their weekly stipend tion, when the manager, who knew and respected them in on the Saturday. It was not much that Barbara had to better days, took the little Barbara into his company. claim.

At the period I commenced with, her slender earnings This little maid had just entered her eleventh year; but were the sole support of the family, including two younger her important station at the theatre, as it seemed to her, sisters. I must throw a veil over some mortifying circumwith the benefits which she felt to accrue from her pious ap- stances. Enough to say, that her Saturday's pittance was plication of her small earnings, had given an air of woman. the only chance of a Sunday's (generally their only) meal hood to her steps and to her behaviour. You would have of meat. taken her to have been five years at least older.

One thing I will only mention, that in some child's part, Till latterly she had merely been employed in choruses, where, in her theatrical character, she was to sup off a roast or where children were wanted to fill up the scene. But fowl (O joy to Barbara !) some comic actor, who was for the manager, observing a diligence and adroitness in her the night caterer for this dainty—in the misguided humour above her age, had for some few months past intrusted to of his part, threw over the dish such a quantity of salt, (O her the performance of whole parts. You may guess the grief and pain of heart to Barbara !) that when she crammed self-consequence of the promoted Barbara. She had already a portion of it into her mouth, she was obliged sputteringly drawn tears in young Arthur; had rallied Richard with in to reject it; and what with shame of her ill-acted part, fantine petulance in the Duke of York; and in her turn and pain of real appetite at missing such a dainty, her little had rebuked that petulance when she was Prince of Wales. heart sobbed almost to breaking, till a flood of tears, which She would have done the older child in Morton's pathetic the well-fed spectators were totally unable to comprehend, after-piece to the life; but as yet the “ Children in the mercifully relieved her. Wood” was not.

This was the little starved, meritorious maid, who stood Long after this little girl was grown an aged woman, I before old Ravenscroft the treasurer, for her Saturday's have seen some of these small parts, each making two or payment. three pages at most, copied out in the rudest hand of the Ravenscroft was a man, I have heard many old theatri. then prompter, who doubtless transcribed a little more care- cal people beside herself say, of all men least calculated for fully and fairly for the grown-up tragedy ladies of the es a treasurer. He had no head for accounts, paid away at tablishment. But such as they were, blotted and scrawled, random, kept scarce any books, and summing up at the as for a child's use, she kept them all; and in the zenith week's end, if he found himself a pound or so deficient, of her after reputation it was a delightful sight to behold blest himself that it was no worse. them bound up in costliest Morocco, each single_each Now Barbara's weekly stipend was a bare half-guinea. small part making a book_with fine clasps, gilt-splashed, By mistake he popped into her hand a—whole one. &c. She had conscientiously kept them as they had been Barbara tripped away. delivered to her; not a blot had been effaced or tampered She was entirely unconscious at first of the mistake : with. They were precious to her for their affecting remem God knows, Ravenscroft would never have discovered it. brancings. They were her principia, her rudiments; the But when she had gone down to the first of those unelementary atoms ; the little steps by which she pressed couth landing-places, she became sensible of an unusual forward to perfection. “ What,” she would say, “ could weight of metal pressing her little hand. India rubber, or a pumice stone, have done for these dar Now mark the dilemma. lings ?"

She was by nature a good child. Froin her parents and I am in no hurry to begin my story_indeed I have lit- those about her, she had imbibed no contrary influence. tle or none to tell ---so I will just mention an observation of But then they had taught her nothing. Poor men's smoky hers connected with that interesting time.

cabins are not always porticoes of moral philosophy. This Not long before she died I had been discoursing with her little maid had no instinct to evil; but then she might be on the quantity of real present emotion, which a great tra- said to have no fixed principle. She had heard honesty gic performer experiences during acting. I ventured to commended, but never dreamed of its application to herthink, that though in the first instance such players must self. She thought of it as something which concerned have possessed the feelings which they so powerfully called grown-up people-men and women. She had never known up in others; yet, by frequent repetition, those feelings must temptation, or thought of preparing resistance against it. become deadened in a great measure, and the performer trust Her first impulse was to go back to the old treasurer, to the memory of past emotion, rather than express a pre- and explain to him his blunder. He was already so consent one. She indignantly repelled the notion, that, with a fused with age, besides a natural want of punctuality, truly great tragedian, the operation, by which such effects that she would have had some difficulty in making him were produced upon an audience, could ever degrade itself understand it. She saw that in an instant. And then it into what was purely mechanical. With much delicacy, was such a bit of money! and then the image of a larger avoiding to instance in her self-experience, she told me, that allowance of butcher's meat on their table next day came so long ago as when she used to play the part of the Little across her, till her little eyes glistened, and her mouth Son to Mrs. Porter's Isabella, (I think it was,) when that moistened. But then Mr. Ravenscroft had always been impressive actress had been bending over her in some heart so good-natured, had stood her friend behind the scenes, and rending colloquy, she has felt real hot tears come trickling even recommended her promotion to some of her little from her, which (to use her powerful expression) have per parts. But again the old man was reputed to be worth a fectly scalded ber back.

world of money. He was supposed to have fifty pounds I am not quite so sure that it was Mrs. Porter ; but it a-year clear of the theatre. And then came staring upon was some great actress of that day. The name is indiffer. | her the figures of her little stockingless and shoeless sisent; but the fact of the scalding tears I most distinctly re-ters. And when she looked at her own neat white cotmember.

ton stockings, which her situation at the theatre had made it indispensable for her mother to provide for her, with

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