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tween his broad shoulders. On his loosc, wide-rued,
at top speed. Various accidents happened to the sportmen; | ing, he took the field again a few days after ; and now no one maimed his steed; another fractured his collar.bone ; question could be raised as to the nature of the game be a some swamped in boys; and none, except our good squire and second time started and pursued. Puss did not, indeed, imhis huntsman, escaped without injury or disaster. But, mediately make for the sea ; but this was only a rise to from starting to pulling up, they gallantly kept at the dogs' effect her own malignant purposes. She wanted to get ber tails.
enemy alone at the edge of the clift. And for this purpose, After 66
an unprecedented run," the hare suddenly scudded her speed and her manners quite outdid those of a fornti towards the cliffs of the bay, immediately over the witch's day ; 80 much so, that, in a few hours, even the dare-eck
The good harriers pursued ; and the eager squire and dare-devil huntsman was thrown out, and returned with did not stay behind them; his huntsman closely following. a lamed horse and a sprained ankle to the gentlemen who The hair gained the verge of the cliff. Shcela, the prime had suffered before him, leaving the squire alone close up bitch of the pack, just had time to close her, make a chop the dogs. at her, and take a mouthful of flesh from her haunch, be For a considerable time he and his master's friends awail. fore she leaped down the face of almost a precipice. Dogs ed the re-appearance of the persevering Nimrod. Finally, and horsemen were at a pause ; none dared follow her. they repaired to the cliff, which the huntsman had left hin
In some time, nearly all the other discomfited members speedily approaching. There they found his horse withoc! of the hunt came up, soiled, wounded, or jaded. They a rider ; but himself they never again beheld. The usheard of the termination of the chase; and all wondered believers in witchcraft immediately surmised that his highat the extraordinary freaks of the little animal, which had blooded hunter had borne him against his will to the edge so distressed and bailled the best harriers and the best hun. of the cliff ; had there suddenly started back ; and that bị ters in the country, taking men and horses together. the quick and violent action, the unhappy gentleman hai “ By
-!” suddenly exclained the huntsman, a been thrown forward out of his saddle, and precipated frue young fellow of known hardihood of character, swearing rock to rock hundreds of feet downward. A few who were a great oath, “I'll tell yez how it is ; ye are after hunting able for the effort, cautiously descended towards the sez the witch o'the cave sthraight undher us! It is'n't the On their way they discovered their friend's hunting-capai first time that creatures like her have made a laugh, in this the sharp pinnacle of a rock; its iron hendpiece was store way, of nearly as good men as we all are, standin' here to in; and it became evident that, after having been loose gether.'
from its wearer, by the force of the concussion which ha Most of his auditors ridiculed the speaker; one or two, fractured it, the squire's body had tumbled still farther however, looked grave: perhaps in patronage of his asser- downward. They reached the sea's level. His remains tions ; perhaps because the pains and aches resulting from were not visible ; they must have fallen into the sea, abi their many falls, during the day, lengthened their faces, been floated away by its tide. The witch of the carers darkened their brows, and puckered their lips. The hunts- disappeared with her victim,-her victims, we should say: man offered, if any one would accompany him on the dan. for her vengeance on the squire was not limited to his own gerous enterprize, to scale down the cliff, penetrate the destruction. At the story of his shocking death, hastily witch’s cavern, and prove his saying. One did volunteer and injudiciously communicated, his wife, yet enfeebled by to be his coinpanion : an humble friend of his own, forming her recent confinement, sickened, and in a few days died. an individual of the crowd of gaping peasants assembled nay, nearly within the hour of her departure from täis round the gentlemeu hunters.
world, her only child, the heir to her husband's estate, disThe adventurers succeeded in reaching and entering the appeared ; no one could tell whither, or by what meaus. awful cave.
Upon their return, over the line of the cliff, Strange enough to say, however, part of the baby's dress they reported that they had found the witch at home, ther's huntingcap had been met with ; and in the minds of
was found on the identical pinnacle of rock where his ta. stretched, panting and exhausted, upon some straw, in a
the educated and wealthy of the neighbourhood, this cirdark corner of the cave; that they had dragged her, much
cumstance started doubts of fair-dealing towards father and against her will (and indeed her screams certainly haul reached the squire and his friends above) to the light, atject; and inquiry and investigation did not lead to..
child. Suspicion, however, could fasten itself upon bo obits opening; had, with main force, examined her person ; solution of the mystery. It need not be added, that by faj and, sure enough, had found a deficiency of flesh in her the greater number of the population of the district scule haunch, with plainly the marks of Sheela's teeth in and about the wound, from which the blood freshly streamed. ordinarily human agevey; or that they went on tranquil
at the useless efforts to establish a case of human, that is, To be sure the better-informed of the hearers of this story, believing that the squire and his family, not forgetting dia or at least a majority of them still laughed at it ; but what- bitch, had been punished for the mouthful sistched by ever they might think, those to whom the talents and capa- young Sheela from the haunch of a certain person. bilities of witches were better known, firmly believed that the Squire and his companions had hunted all that day, a
Twenty years after the time of the tragedy we have detailed, hare, which was no hare after all; and that the courageous of whom mention has before been made, sits at his break
our story is resumed. The once indigent and despised relation, little Sheela bad tasted flesh of a forbidden kind.
And happy had it been for the squire and his pet bitch fast-table in the old family honse. He is in his forty-fith had they proved less eager after their sport. Poor Sheela year. Like other gentlemen of his day, he carries in his died in great agonies upon the very night of that day, and hair the contents of a large potamatum-pot ; four tiers of her master was doomed to a speedy punishment for his own
curls rise over his ears ; on the top of his head is a huge au lacity,
toupée, and a great queue lolls, like an os's tongue, be Nothing daunted at the idea of whom he had been hunt.
long-skirted, frock-like coat, is a profusion of gold embroi- with you, 'tis impossible to make you a little cross. Why, dery : a lace cravat coils round his throat; rufiles flaunt if I had a lass of spirit to deal with, there would be no end over his knuckles; his gaudy waistcoat reaches only to his to her tears, and her pouts, and her petitions, the moment k nees; and satin is his breeches, and silk his hose, and she found that I was whisking her away from her balls, ponderous square silver buckles are in his shoes. So much and her drums, and her beaux, and all the other dear defor the outside of the jocular Squire Hogan. As to his in-lights of Dublin." terior pretensions, and, indeed, some of his external ones, " And I hope that my merry papa does not really wish too, the least said the soonest mended. He had never been to have mc peevish and short-tempered, even for a greater able to raise himself above much of the homely acquisitions provocation ?' of his youth ; but though we cannot present to the reader, Kiss me, Kate, I believe not; and yet I don't know in his person, a model of the true Irish gentleman of his either, by Cork! There would be fun in tormenting you a day, we do introduce him in the character of (to repeat bit, in a harmless way. But, Kate, can you give a guess what every one said of him) “ as worthy a soul as ever why I run away with you in such a devil of a burry?" broke the world's bread."
“Let me see, papa. I remember you telling me of some Squire Hogan, upon the morning when we meet him, original matches you had on hands before we set out for paid earnest attention to bis breakfast. Powdered beef often filled his plate, and as often rapidly
Dublin. Perhaps you have engaged the two cripples to run sappeared. And
a race on their crutches?” yet something seemed to gratify his mental palate as well
“ No; that's put off-ho, ho!” as his corporeal one. A gluislı, self-contented smile played
“Or the two old women to hop against time, carrying over his round, ruddy face; his small blue eyes glittered; weight for age ?" and, to the accompaniment of a short, liquorish laugh, oc
“ Ho, ho! wrong again!" casionally were drawn up at the corners, as he glanced at
“ Probably you have succeeded in making the two school. his daughter, a good-natured, good-tempered, sensible, and
masters promise to fight out their battle of the squares and (of course) beautiful girl of nineteen, who sat opposite to angles with their respective birches; their scholars standing him, sipping her coffee, and picking her muffins. And,
by to show fair play?" whenever their eyes net, well did Catherine know that the
“ Ho, ho, ho! Though that's a matter not to be let out chuckling of her papa had reference to some little triumph of reach neither.” which, as he believed, he had cleverly and cunningly
“ Then all my guesses are out, papa.” achieved over herself. At length the good Squire relaxed in his incal; emptied the silver taukard of October which is it on earth you most wish for?”
“ I'll help you, thene Tell me, you little baggage, what lay at his hand; leaned back in the chair, and laughingly
“ Indeed, my dear papa, I have no particular wish to said
gratisy, at the present moment." “ By Jove, Kate, my girl, I nicked you there!"
“ Get out! get out, for a young hypocrite! Kate « Indeed, papa, you played me a roguish tuin," assented Kate; convinced, from experience, that it was very pleasant
wouldn't something like a husband be agrecable to you?" to her parent to have the talent of his practical jokes fully man's coat, and dropped her head. of that certain young
The girl blushed the colour of a certain young gentleadmittel
gentleman, however, her worthy father knew nothing; at “ Where did I tell you we were driving to, out of Dublin town, eh?”
least, in connexion with the present topic. “ You told me, Sir, with as serious a face as you conld
6 Oh, oh! I thought I saw how the land lay.”
“ Indeed, my dear papa"make, that we were only going to visit a friend a few miles out of Dablin."
Say nothing more about it. Leave it all to me, lass. I'll “ Ho, ho! Good, by Cork! Choice! a capital hoax, as
get him for you. None of your half-dead-and-alive fellows, I'm a living sinner! and I told you this confounded lic
, that you could knock down with a tap of your fan ; no, he with such a serious face, you say?"
shall be an able, rattling, rollicking chap, able to take your “ With such a mock-serious face, I meant to say, papa.” part by land or sca.
Did your mother never tell you how “ 'Right, Kate ; you are right, beyond yea and nay; a
I caine by her, my girl." mock-serious face; yes, and there lay the best of it; if I had
Katc, dispirited by her father's coarse humour, as well not been able to keep anyself from laughing you might have 23 by other things, answered in the negative. suspected something; but I was able, as you yourself saw,
“ I'll tell you, then, as truly as if she were alive to hear and as you now don't deny ; though, by Jove, Kate, it was
me. Though as poor as a church mouse at that time, 1 enough to make a dad man shout out, seeing you sitting was a hearty young shaver; ay, as hearty, though not so opposite to me, and believing every word I told you !"
matured as I am this day; now that I am squire of the “ You kept up the farce cleverly, I must, and do admit way, I wish they'd make the parish clerk a justice of the
town-land, and a justice of the peace, to boot. By the
peace in my stead; for I hate to be trying to look as grave ** Didn't 1, Kate, didn't l? And here we are, this morn
as a mustard-pot, and as solemn as a wig-block. Well, I ing, eighty miles from Dublin, in onr own house, and taxing no man's hospitality. But devil's in it! there's no fun
was at a Christmas raste, Kate, and your another's father
was there too; as comical an old boy as you'd wish to in playing a good trick on you, Kate."
know! I had a great rerard for him, by Cork ! and so, “Why so, dear papa? am I not as easily blinded as your away he and I ratled, and he lost to me every throw, until heart could wish po
at last I did'nt leave him a stiver. •All I've won from “ To be sure you are! What else could you be? 1 you, and my watch to boot, against your daughter Nelly! never met man, woman, nor child, that I could not puzzle. cries I of a sudden, "Done! cries he; and we threw That's not the thing at all. No; but succeed as I may again; and he lost, and I won again : and that's the way I
got your mother, Kate! And now, do you guess any thing with the squire ; but days had now rolled over, and he else, I'm going to say about yourself, Kate?” ,
came not ; neither did he send a line to account for his ab“Oh, papa, I hope"
sence. This was sad mortification to the pure ardency of “ I know you do hope. Yes, Kate, I am going to pro- a first love, in the breast of such a girl as Catherine ; parti. vide for you in something like the same way"
cularly when she recollected the most disagreeable predica. “ Now, good heavens, papa !"
ment in which her father's unthinking folly and indelicacy “ Don't speak a word more till you hear me out. At the bad placed her. last club dinner in Dublin, Ned O'Brien calls me aside
To be concluded in our next. with a face as long as my own when I'm on the bench;
LIFE OF AN USURER. and after a long-winded beginning, he prays my interest
HUGH AUDLEY. with you Kate.' "To be sure man,' says I, you must have it.' Then, up sneaks George Dempsey, and his business
THERE are memoirs of this remarkable man in a rare was the same. 'By Cork, I'll court her, in style, for you quarto tract, entitled “ The Way to be Rich, according to my boy,' was my word to George. And then, Mick Dris- the practice of the great Audley, who began with two huncoll takes a turn at me, and begs of me, for the Lord's sake, dred pounds in the year 1605, and died worth four hundred to listen to him; and I was obliged to listen th him, ali thousand.” He died on the 15th of November, 1662, the about his title-deeds and his pedigree ; and he, too, craved year wherein the tract was printed. my countenance with the prettiest girl, and (what he didn't
Hugh Audley was a lawyer, and a great practical philocall you) the richest heiress in the province; and, By sopher, who concentrated his vigorous faculties in the science Jove! I'll do my best for you, Mick,' says I; and Mick of the relative value of money. He flourished through the nearly pulled the arm out of my body, shaking my hand; reigns of James I., Charles I., and held a lucrative office in but I'm not done 'yet. Harry Walshe made his way to the Court of Wards," till that singular court was, abolished me; and the boy to my fancy is Harry Walshe, Kate.
at the time of the restoration. In his own times he was I am up to the saddle-skirts in love with your beautiful called “ The great Audley," an epithet so often abused, and Kate,' says Harry. Pull away, my hearty fellow,' answers here applied to the creation of enormous wealth. But there 1 ; never fear, but I'll poll for your election.""
are minds of great capacity, concealed by the nature of their My dear papa".
pursuits ; and the wealth of Audley may be considered as Let me make an end, as I told you, Kate. Well, after the cloudy medium through which a bright genius shoue, dinner, and the bottle going merrily round, and every one
of which, had it been thrown into a nobler sphere of action, of us right jovial, I rehearsed, for the benefit of the whole the “ greatness” would have been less ambiguous
. company, all the promises I had made, and a high joke it Audley, as mentioned in the title of his memoir, began was; and then, "Here's what I'll do among you all, my with two hundred pounds, and lived to view his mortgages, good boys,' says I; "Let every one of Kate's wooers be on his statutes, and his judgments so numerous, thát it was the turf the first morning of the next hunting-season, each observed, his papers would have made a good map of Eng. mounted in his best style ; let there be no pull-in from the land. A contemporary dramatist, who copied from life, has cover to the death ; no baulking or shying, but smooth opened the chamber of such an usurer, perhaps of out smack over every thing that offers; and the lad that mounts Audley the brush may come a-courting to my daughter, Kate.'
_" Here lay Well, my girl, you'd think they had all lost their wits at
A manor botind fast in a skin of parchment, this proposal ; such joy amongst them, such shouting ; many
The wax continuing hard, the acres melting 5","
Here a sure deed of gift for a market-town, 17:1814 a bottle the rivals emptied, each to his own success; and in If not redeem'd this day, which is not in ten days from this blessed morning, the match comes off,
The anthrift's power; there being scarce one shire my girl ; and whoever wins, Kate will have a wooer worth
In Wales or England, where my monies are not
Lent out at usury, the certain hook on throwing a cap at."
To draw in moreKate remained silent; tears of mortification and disgust,
Massinger's City Modam. unseen by her father, streaming from her eyes."
This genius of thirty per cent. first had proved the de “ But the cream of the jest I have not told you, Kate. cided vigour of his mind, by his enthusiastic devotion to Rattler is in training, privately, the last two months-no his law studies : deprived of the leisure for study through one the wiser ; and, harkee, Kate! by Cork's own town, I his busy day, he stole the hours from his late nights and bis intend to start for you, myself; and the brush I'll wear in early mornings ; and without the means to procure a lavmy own cap; and then, if I havn't my laugh, right out, library, he invented a method to possess one without the why, in that case, 'tis the devil that made little apples !" And before the sensitive and high-minded, and spirited some useful tracts on temporary occasions, he was cuabled
cost ; as fast as he learned, he taught; and by publishing girl could reply, away went her father to superintend Rat- to purchase a library. He appears never to have read tler, greatly chuckling over his scheme ; and poor Catherine book without its furnishing him with some new practical sat alone to blush and weep at the thought of being made, design, and he probably studied too much for his own peta by her own father, the object of a vulgar and foolish con
ticular advantage. Such devoted studies was the way.co tention. Po
become a Lord Chancellor; but the science of the law a Other sad thoughts, mingled with her reveries. The un, here subordinate to that of a money trader, estated military hero, to whom, while in Dublin, she bad
When yet but a clerk to the clerk in the Counter, ir all but plighted her troth, had promised, in answer to la letter she dispatched to hith firom the first post where she improve. He became a money trader as he bad becomes
quent opportunities occurred which Andley knew bow to had halted with her father, on their flight from town, to law writer, and the fears and follies of mankind were to make his appearance in the country, and try his fortune furnish him with a trading capital. The fertility of his
genius appeared in expedients and in quick contrivances. Audley, so just was his standard of the value of rents. He was sure to be the friend of all men falling out. He
“ Under an easy landlord," said Audley, “ a tenant seldom took a deep concern in the affairs of his master's clients, his rents, and not labouring for any surplusage of estate.
thrives ; contenting himself to make the just measure of and often much more than they were aware of. No man
Under a hard one, the tenant revenges himself upon the so ready at procuring bail or compounding debts. This land, and runs away with the rent. I would raise my rents was à considerable traffic then, as now. They hired them. to the present price of all commodities : for if we should selves out for bail, swore what was required, and contrived | let our lands, as other men have done before us, now other to give false addresses. It seems they dressed themselves
wares daily go on in price, we should fall backward in our
estates." These axioms of political economy were disco. out for the occasion : a great seal-ring flamed on the finger, veries in his day. which, however, was pure copper gilt, and they often assumed Audley knew mankind practically, and struck into their the name of some person of good credit. Savings, and humours with the versatility of genius : oracularly deep small presents for gratuitous opinions, often afterwards dis- with the grave, he only stung the lighter mind. When a
lord, borrowing money, complained to Audley of his exaccovered to be very fallacious ones, enabled him to purchase tions, his lordship exclaimed, “What, do you not intend annuities of easy landholders, with their treble amount se to use a conscience." “Yes, I intend hereafter to use it. eured on their estates. The improvident owners, or the We monied people must balance accounts : if you do not eareless' heirs, were soon entangled in the usurer's nets; pay me, you cheat me; but, if you do, then I cheat your and, after the receipt of a few years, the annuity, by some lordship." Audley's monied conscience balanced the risk
of his lordship's honour, against the probability of his latent quibble, or some irregularity in the payments, usu
own rapacious profits. When he resided in the Temple ally ended ini Audley's obtaining the treble forfeiture. He among those “pullets without feathers," as an old writer cotild at all times out-knave a knave. One of these inci. describes the brood, the good man would pule out paterdents has been preserved. A draper, of no honest reputa- nal homilies on improvident youth, grieving that they, tion, being arrested by a merchant for a debt of L.200. under pretence of “ learning the law, only learnt to be
lawless ;” and “ never knew by their own studies the proAudley bought the debt at L.40, for which the draper im
cess of an execution, till it was served on themselves." Nor mediately offered him L.50. But Audley would not con could he fail in his prophecy; for at the moment that the sent, unless the draper indulged a sudden whim of his own: stoic was enduring their ridicule, his agents were supplying this was a formal contract, that the draper should pay quaintly said, he had his decoying as well as his decaying
them with the certain means of verifying it; for, as it is within' twenty years, upon twenty certain days, a penny gentlemen. doubled. A knave, in haste to sign, is no calculator ? and, Audley was a philosophical usurer: he never pressed as the contemporary dramatist describes one of the arts of hard for his debts, like the fowler, he never shook his nets those citizens, one part of whose business was
lest he might startle, satisfied to have them, without ap
pearing to hold them. With great fondness he compared * To swear and break-they all grow rich by breaking,"
his “bonds to infants, which battle best by sleeping." To the draper eagerly compounded. He afterwards “ grew battle is to be nourished, a term still retained at the Uni. rich" Audley, silently watching his victim, within two versity of Oxford. His familiar companions were all su. years, claims his doubled pennies, every month during too had his part in the scene. Wheri not taken by surprise,
bordinate actors in the great piece he was perforining; he twenty months. The pennies had now grown up to pounds on his table usually lay opened a great Bible, with Bishop The knave perceived the trick, and preferred paying the Andrews's folio sermons, which often gave him an oportu. forfeiture of his bond for L.500, rather than to receive the nity of railing at the covetoasuess of the clergy! declaring visitation of all the little generation of compound interest their religion was “ a mere preach ;" and that “ the time in the last descendant of L.2000, which would have closed would never be well till we had Queen Elizabeth's Prowith the draper's shop. The inventive genius of Audley evils arising out of a population beyond the means of
testants again in fashion.” He was aware of all the might have illustrated that popular tract of his own times, subsistence. He dreaded an inundation of men, and con. Peacham's “Worth of a Penny;" a gentleman who, having sidered marriage, with a modern political economist, as scarcely one left, consoled hiinself by detailing the nume very dangerous ; bitterly censuring the clergy, whose chile rous comforts of life it might procure in the days of dren, he said, never thrived, and whose widows were left
destitute. An apostolical life, according to Audley, reCharles II.
quired only books, meat, and drink, to be had for fifty Such petty enterprises at length assumed a deeper cast of pounds a-year! Celibacy, voluntary poverty, and all the interest. He formed temporary partnerships with the mortifications of a primitive Christian, were the virtues stewards of country gentlemen. They underlet estates practised by this puritan among his money bags, which they had to manage ; and, anticipating the owner's its strength from the weaknesses of mankind. Every thing
Yet Audley's was that worldly wisdom which derives all necessities, the estates, in due time, became cheap purchases was to be obtained by stratagem, and it was his maxim, for Audley and the stewards. He usually contrived to
that to grasp our object the faster, we must go a little make the wood pay for the land, which he called “making round about it. His life is said to have been one of intricathe feathers pay for the goose.” He had, however, such a cies and mysteries, using indirect means in all things, but tenderness of conscience for his victim, that, having plucked if he walked in a labyrinth, it was to bewilder others; for the live feathers before he sent the unfledged goose on the the clew was still in his
own hand ; all he sought was that
his designs should not be discovered by his actions. " His common, he would bestow a gratuitous lecture in his own word, we are told, was his bond ; bis hour was punctual ; science_teaching the art of making them grow again, by and his opinions were compressed and weighty : but if he showing how to raise the remaining rents. Audley thus was true to his bond-word, it was only a part of the sys. made the tenant furnish at once the means to satisfy his own
tem to give facility to the carrying ou of his trade, for he
was not strict to his honour; the pride of victory, as well rapacity, and his employer's necessities. His avarice was as the passion for adquisition, combined in the character of not working by'a blind, but on 'an enlightened principle; Audley, as in more tremendous conquerors. His partners for he was only enabling the landlord to obtain what the dreaded the effects of his law library, and usually relintenant, with due industry, could afford to give. Adam quished a claim rathert hạn stand a suit against a latent Smith might have delivered himself in the language of old quibble. When one menaced him by showing some mo
ney bags, which he had resolved to empty in law against the curses of the living for his rapine, while the stranger him, Andley, then in office in the Court of Wards, with a who grasped the million he had raked together, owed him sarcastic grin, asked, " Whether the bags had any bot no gratitude at his death.-D'Israeli. tom?" “ Ay!” replied the exulting possessor, striking them. " In that case I care not," retorted the cynical
EMIGRATION. officer of the Court of Wards ; 6 for in this court I have a constant spring; and I cannot spend in other courts more The very favourable accouuts which have been receired than I gain in this.” He had at once the meanness which from the agriculturists and others who enuigrated to (a. would evade the law, and the spirit which could resist it. nada, two or three years ago, from East Lothian and
The genius of Audley had crept out of the purlieus of Berwickshire, have excited much attention among the Guildhall, and entered the Temple; and having often saun whole agricultural population of these counties. There tered at “ Porles" down the great promenade which was does not appear to be a single person who has emigraie! reserved for “ Duke Humphrey and his guests," he would froin the district we have mentioned, who has not succerdel turn into that part called “ The Usurers Alley," to talk in the most remarkable manner. Farmers, who went out with “ Thirty in the hundred,” and at length was enabled five or six years ago with a few hundred pounds, are nor to purchase his office at that remarkable institution, the possessed of properties worth nearly as much annually; Court of Wards. The entire fortunes of those whom we artisans and mechanics, who had barely the means of denow call wards in chancery were in the hands and often fraying the expenses of their passage; and who, had tiky submitted to the arts or the tyranny of the officers of this remained, would never have been able to do more than prude Court.
vide for the day which was passing over them, have becoce When Audley was asked the value of this new office, he men of capital ; the proprietors, in many instances, of cousi replied, that “ It inight be worth some thousands of pounds derable farms, and are adding yearly to their wealth. It to him who, after his death, would instantly go to heaven; seems, indeed, of little importance in what line the em. twice as much to him who would go to purgatory; and grants have engaged: farmers, mechanics, store-keepers, nobody knows what to him who would adventure to
go to medical men, have been all successful in an eminent de hell." Such was the pious casuistry of a witty usurer. gree. It is not therefore remarkable, in the prisent l'iWhether he undertook this last adventure, for his four pressed state of agriculture, and when the future prospek iz hundred thousand pounds, how can a sceptical biographer of the agriculturist, and those depending upon him, are so decide! Audley seems ever to liave been weak, when gloomy, that Canada is looked to as the land of hope and of temptation was strong.
promise, and that the number of emigrants should increase Some saving qualities, however, were mixed with the annually. Nor is it merely the young, who have it vicious ones he liked best. Another passion divided domin- hitherto engaged in the business of life, who are preparia ion with the sovereign one : Audiey's strongest impressions to set ont. Men advanced in life, who, in many instauit of character were cast in the old law library of his youth, have acquired a competency, are also making arrangemen's and the pride of legal reputation was not inferior in strength to emigrate with their whole families. Indeed the milk to the rage for money. If in the “ Court of Wards” he of men are completely unsettled by the favourable accouus pounced on encumbrances which lay on estates, and prowled which have been received. Canada seems the only subject about to discover the craving wants of their owners, it ap- they think of; and conversation among all ranks is almost pears that he also received liberal fees from the relatives of confined to emigration. All information regarding it in young heirs, to protect them from the rapacity of some most eagerly received, and is spread over the country with great persons, but who could not certainly exceed Andley extraordinary celerity. The great body of the population in subtilty. He was an admirable lawyer, for he was not is evidently considering whether they ought to remain satisfied with hearing, but examining his clients; which longer at home or not. If matters continue for a very few he called “ pinching the cause where he considered it was years in their present state, emigration will take place to a foundered." He made two observations on clients and degree hitherto unprecedented, and its effects éannot fail to lawyers, which have not lost their poignancy. 66 Many be felt by the countıy. That any benefit will arise to clients, in telling their case, rather plead than relate it, so those who remain at home, from the emigration, we do not that the advocate hearoth not the true state of it, till opened anticipate ; for the capital of the country will be diminished by the adverso party. Some lawyers seem to keep an assu- by it much more rapidly than the population. Hardiya rance-office in their chambers, and will warrant any cause person leaves the country without some capital; and many of brought unto them, knowing if they fail, they lose nothing those who set out last year, as well as of those who are now but what was lost long since,—their credit."
about to emigrate, possess large capitals. The landlords The career of Audley's ambition closed with the extinc. are beginning to take the alarm at seeing many of the best tion of the “ Court of Wards," by which he incurred the of their tenantry about to transfer their wealth across the loss of above L.100,000. On that occasion he observed, Atlantic; but they cannot prevail on themselves to take that “ his ordinary losses were as the shavings of his beard, the only means which is likely to check it-lowering their which only grew the faster by them ; but the loss of this rents. On the contrary, the farms which have lately been place was like the cutting off of a member, which was irre in the market, have uniformly been let to the highest bidicoverable.” The hoary usurer pined at the decline of liis der; and as the rents thus obtained are, in some instances, genius, discoursed on the vanity of the world, and hinted nearly as high as ever, they consider the complaints of their
A facetious friend told him a story of an old tenants to be without foundation. rat, who having acquainted the young rats that he would While on the subject of emigration, we cannot lielpre at length retire to his hole, desiring none to come near him: marking how much better it would be to afford facilitime their curiosity, after some days, led them to venture to look to the poor Irish to emigrate, than to tax the people of into the hole; and there they discovered the old rat sitting England and Scotland to keep up a large military force to in the midst of a rich Parmesan cheese. It is probable that put them down with the bayonet. Besides an enormolts the loss of the last 1.100,000, disturbed his digestion, for police force, one-third of our army is employed in Irelan! he did not long survive his Court of Wards.
Now, without taking into account the great expense of this Such was this man, converting wisdom into cunning, in- non-effective branch of our army, the estimates to the vention into trickery, and wit into cynicism. Engaged in effective brauch for the current year, are L 3,675,418, oneno honourable cause, he, however, showed a mind rezolved, third of which is 1.1,185,139, leing the annual cost of the making plain the crooked and involved path he troie. Sus- military alone, employed in keeping down the Irish. Noir, tine et abstine, to bear and to forbear, was the great prin- if a few of our ships of war were employed as transpor*** ciple of Epictetus, and our moniei stoic hore all the con- and a small part of the above million expended in the purchia tempt and hatred of the living smilingly, while he forbore of provisions, thousands of those Irishmen, whose crimes in all the consolations of our common nature to obtain his now so inuch expatiated on, might be carried out to Canala
, end. He died in unblest celibacy: And thus he received / where many of them would, undoubtedly, in a few years