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distinguishing places, music, and mechanical arts, corres would bear to the whole truths which time and experience ponding to the different talents which he had observed in might bring into view. He perceived, for instance, that his schoolfellows, the metaphysicians spoke only of general | the intensity of the desire for property, bore a relation to powers, such as perception, conception, memory, imagina- the size of one part of the brain ; he announeed this fact by tos, and judgment, and when he endeavoured to discover itself, and called the part the organ of Theft, because he fiternal signs in the head, corresponding to these general had found it largest in thieves. When he had discovered faculties, or to determine the correctness of the physiological that the propensity to destroy was in connexion with an. doctrines taught by the authors already mentioned, regard other part of the brain, be announced this fact also, as an ing the seat of the mind, he found perplexities without end, isolated truth, and named the part the organ of Murder, and difficulties insurmountable.
because he had found it largest in criminals condemned for Dr. Gall, therefore, abandoning every theory and pre- that crime. In a similar way, when he had discovered the conceived opinion, gave himself up entirely to the observa connexion between the sentiment of Benevolence and aution of nature. Being a friend to Dr. Nord, Physician to other portion of the cerebral mass, he called the part the a Lunatic Asylum in Vienna, he had opportunities, of which organ of Benevolence; and so on in regard to the other he availed himself, of making observations on the insane. organs. This mode of proceeding has nothing in common He visited prisons, and resorted to schools; he was intro- with the formation of a hypothesis; and, so far from a disduced to the courts of princes, to colleges, and the seats of position to invent a theory being conspicuous, there appears, justice; and wherever he heard of an individual distin. in the disjointed items of information which Dr. Gall at guished in any particular way, either by remarkable en first presented to the public, a want of even an ordinary dowinent, or deficiency, he observed and studied the develop- regard for systematic arrangement. His only object seems ment of his head. In this manner, by an almost imper- to have been to furnish a candid and uncoloured statement ceptible induction, he at last conceived himself warranted of the facts in nature which he had observed ; leaving their in believing, that particular mental powers are indicated value to be ascertained by time and farther investigation. by particular configurations of the head.
As soon, however, as observation had brought to light Hitherto he had resorted only to physiognomical indica- the great body of the facts, and the functions of the facul. tions, as a means of discovering the functions of the brain. ties had been contemplated with a philosophical eye, a sysOn reflection, however, he was convinced that Physiology tem of mental philosophy appeared to emanate almost sponis imperfect when separated from Anatomy Having ob- taneously from the previous chaos served a woman of fifty-four years of age, who had been When the process of discovery had proceeded a certain ficted with hydrocephalus from her youth, and who, with length, the facts were found to be connected by relations, a body a little shrunk, possessed a mind as active and in- which it was impossible sooner to perceive. Hence, at first, telligent as that of other individuals of her class, Dr. Gall the doctrines appeared as a mere rude and widigested mass, declared his conviction, the structure of the brain must of rather unseemly materials; the public 'mirth was 1100 be different from what was generally conceived a remark unnaturally, excited at the display of organs of Theft, which Tulpius also had made, on observing a hydrocephalic Murder, and Cunning, as they were then named; and a patient who manifested the mental faculties. He therefore degree of obloquy was brought upon the science from felt the necessity of making anatomical researches into the which it is only now recovering. At this stage the doctrines structure of the brain,
were merely a species of physiognomy, and the apparent In crery instance, when an individual, whose head he results were neither very prominent nor inviting. When, had observed while alive, happened to die, he used every however, the study had been pursued for years, and the means to be permitted to examine the brain, and frequently torch of philosophy had been applied to the facts discovered did so ; and found, as a general fact, that, on removal of by observation, its real nature, as the science of the human the skull, the brain, covered by the dura mater, presented a mind, and its high 'utility, became apparent; and its chaform corresponding to that which the skull had exhibited racter and name changed as it advanced. The following in life.
observations of Mr. Locke are peculiarly applicable to its his. The successive steps by which Dr. Gall proceeded in his tory and prospects. “Truth (says he) scarce ever yet carried discoveries, are particularly deserving of attention. He did it by vote any where, at its first appearance. New opinions not, as many have imagined, first dissect the brain, and are always suspected, and usually opposed without any pretend, by that means, to discover the seats of the mental other reason, than because they are not common. But
neither did he as others have conceived, first map truth, like gold, is not the less so, for being newly brought out the skull into yarious compartments, and assign a fa- out of the mine. 'Tis trial and examination must give it culty, to each, according, as his imagination led him to con- price, and not any antique fashion ; and, though it be not uive the place appropriate to the power, On the contrary, yet current by the public stamp, yet it may, for all that, be he first observed a concomitance betwixt particular talents as old as nature, and is certainly not less genuine. and dispositions, and particular forms of the head; he next ascertained, by removal of the skull, that the figure and SIERRA LEONE AND ITS CAPITAL, FREETOWN.. size of the brain are indicated by these external forms; and FREETOWN and its vicinity, from the anchorage, has a is was only after these facts had been determined, that the most pleasing appearance, and notwithstanding that its clibrain was, minytely dissected, and light thrown upon its mate is so pernicious to European constitutions, the most
prejudiced must grant that the scenery here is magnificently At Vienna, in 1796, Dr. Gall, for the first time, delivered picturesque. The wide confluence of Sierra Leone river with lectures on his system.
the sea, resembles a smooth and extensive lagoon, bounded In 1800, Dr. J. G. Spurzheimt began the study of Phre- on one side by the low, woody Bulloin shore, on the other by
logy under him, having in that year assisted, for the first the verdant and gentle acclivity on which the town is situattime, at one of his lectures. In 1804, he was associated ed, the back ground of which, gradually ascending, termiwith him in his labours; and, since that period, bas.not nates in a semicircular range of moderate-sized hills, formonly added many valuable discoveries to those of Dr. Gall, ing a sort of amphitheatre, decorated with lofty trees and in the anatomy and physiology of the brain, but formed the richly-foliated shrubs; while every spot of the ascent, here truths brought to light, by their joint observations, into a and there studded with neat country seats, presents to the beautiful and interesting system of mental philosophy. In delighted eye a picture of the most agreeable character. The Britain we are indebted chiefly to his personal exertions town covers a large space of ground; its houses appear from aud printed works for a knowledge of the science.
the anchorage like so many cottages ornée, elegantly built, In the beginning of his inquiries, Dr. Gall did not, and and tastefully painted externally, and interspersed with nucould not, foresee the result to which they would lead, or merous trees; the strcets wide, and which, by the by, is rathe relation which each successive fact, as it was discovered, ther ominous than pleasing-covered with grass, through † Born at Longuich, bear.Treves, on the Mosellc, 31st December,
. Leonard's Voyage. Tait, Ediaburgh.
whielt fanes are distinguishable, made by the foot presengers. victims to fever. The beautiful valley separating this fion The huts, scattered about in the suburbs, sarrounded with the semicircular range of woody hills in the back ground, banana, orange, pawpaw, and other fruit trees, put one in forming a line of demarcation between the vieinity di yores mind of the garden summer-konses of the honest Cockney town and all that may be disagreeable to the eyo beyond: citizens in the neighborrhood of London. But with all that the little villas peeping through the woods in rural molests; is so plexsing to the eye, it is but a painted sepulchre. It is the wide spreading town at our fort, emhovered in trees; painful to the imagination to conceive that this very exuber its spacious streets full of moving fortis, durki, to be fire, ance of vegetation is the remote cause of that great destruc but replete with life and bustle ; and the stiil, expensive tion of European lite, for which the place is so distinguished estuary, unriuiled by a treath, bearing on its smeoth air. -contaminating the surrounding atmosphere with mephitic face ships of various size and stracture, pilgrin-specks from exhalations by its manual death and putrefaction. On the “regions most remote,"_constitute an assemblage of objets ridge of an aljacent hill to the westward of the town, is si highly pleaeing to the eye and gratifying to the imaginatuated a cluster of mud huts, the humble abode of a number tion." “All the grateful country breathes delight." It we of liberated slaves; and still farther to the westwant, on the could but add with Gay, borders of the river, stands another assemblage of mud edi.
"* Here hilooming health exerts her gentle reign," fices, similarly inhabited. These villages are called Wilberforce and Murray.
the agrreable picture would be complete ; but, merged in its Numbers of boats and canoes, formed of the pullam, a gi- tatal climate, all the beauties of the country are lost. gantic species of cotton tree, have paddled alongside to-day, Freetown properly consists of several districts connected full of black washerwomen, liberatel slaves, and Kroumen, with each other by interveniug huts, of which the residence all noisily talkative; the wonen well clothed with cottoa gar of our countrymen form a struggling sort of nucimus. The ments of various hues; the latter free from any such enerm inhabitants are composed, Lesides Europeuns, of Nora Sestia berance, excepting a piece of cloth that serves the purpose of settlers, Maroons from Jamaica, discharged soldiers of the the “ fig-leaf small clothes of our great progenitor.” Some West India regiments and royal African corps, tatives, and of them, indeed, are in puris naturabilus, but the ladies do liberated Africars; and each of these districts receives is not appear to be very much shocked at the indecency. name from the principal body of its inhabitants,--such as Habit is a second nature, it is said, and perhaps blushes are Settler Town, Maroon Town, Soldier, or Gibraltar Towell, incompatible with a countenance of ebony. They brought Jaloff Town, and so on. The greater number of the rese:for sale bananas, ornnges, lemons, and pine apples. The able inhabitants have low wooden boxys, sunewint fepines, though not so deliciously flavoured as those of English sembling pir-styes, placed oui sidle of the doors of their dwelor West India growth, are nevertheless very excellent, and ling and storehouses, in which a Krouan or negro keeps so plentiful, that sixty of them may be had for a dollar, or watch during the night. These are reniarkable objects in somewhat less than a penny cach.
the street, and puzzle one not a little to guess their particular The fine picturesque appearance which the town assumes from the anchorage is greatly diminished on entering it.
Numbers of Foulahs, Serawoolahs, and Mandingoes, tall, It is placed on the side of a hill, situated in the arena, slender-made, but athletic, and intelligent looking men, ute or bosom of the amphitheatre mentioned above. The seen walking, or sitting in groups about the streets, dressed woolen buildings, with chinks in the walls, and uneven in long loose, course blue and white robes, having the artis boardings, though they are daubed like the others with co and legs bare; their heads covered with a sun!l red or louring matter, and look well at a distance, are only a few white woollen or cotton cap; their hair platted in niintrdegrees superior to the booths of a race-course or a fair; be ous cores, nearly as thick as the little finger, and hanging sides, they are not la:ting, owing to the destructive incur round the head; with sandals on their feet; and their als sions of a small and very numerous kind of white ant, and necks, and, in some instances, their ances, loaded with which the natives call the “my-a-bug." The houses are numerous fetishes,—griegris, as they cal then), er charts constructed on the principle of free ventilation ; most of These are mere serups of paper, written in Arabic charakthem being surrounded with covered galleries, oren in front, ters, (pieces of the Koran,) and placed in small leather bags or numerously perforated with jalouseed winiows, or blinds or boxes, which are fastened round the arm above the elbuw, of wicker work, to exclude the sun and allow the air to per. or round the neck, with straps of the same material, am] mente. Most of these superior kind of buildinýs are un- resembling so many tobacco pouches. They have all mits connected with each other, being separated by a colony of kets, bow's, and arrows; some of them long sabres or euro! small huts, inhabited by people of every shades, from straw- knives, resembling creeses. The Foulahs and Serakoelas colour to perfect jet, generally maroons. These huts are bring gold from the interior in large rough rings, which built of twigs wattied together round poles stuck in the they barter for articles of dress, gunpowder, &c. The Mans ground; the interstices filled with clay, and the roof four dingoes trade chiefly in rice and bullocks. sided, and thatched with straw or dry grass. Some of then One thing strikingly remarkable in Frectown, if the total are likewise formed of plauks united edgewise, but such be- absence of beasts of burden, or carriages of any sort. To long to certain of the black aristocracy only. The streets be sure, a milch cow is seen here and there grating in the of the town are very wide, placed at right angles, and plen- middle of the street, and a tew goats, dogs, pigs
, and soul tifully supplied with grass and rublish.
try; and every respectable person keeps his own ridingEach house has its garden full of fruit trees of various horse or gig, (in lending which, hy the by, they are i5; sorts peeping over the roofs and garden walls, reminding tremely liberal' to visitors :) but with these exceptions, 1 one of the green luxuriance of an English village in the huve never seen a domestic or working animal, or a ¢3F month of May. A little higher up the hill, overlooking ringe of any sort. The duties of the canel, horse, ex, mmh the town, Fort-Thornton, the citadel or principal fort, is and ass, seem to be performed almost entirely by the indisituated, with the military hospital behind, which, hy the visual or combined labour of our own species, anul chiefly by, might be in a much more elevated, and therefore more by the Africans recently liberated, who are to be seen in cheerful, cool, and healthy situation ; and on the very sum great numbers abont the streets, almost in a stile ot' avail. mit of the hill stands the new barracks, commotions, clean, i observed parties of these men, lately manumited, ara min and well ventilated. A place more eligible for their erec- huge stones on low-wheeled trucks, for tive purpose of impiala tion could not bave been found in the whole neighbourhood. ing; others arriving from the country in the evening
, whore The temperature is usually two or three degrees below that they had been at work, clearing the ground, with hues and of the town, and although the bay should be perfectly calm, pickaxes on their shoulders, all of them seemingly contented there is almost always, in this clevated spot, a light and re with their employment. Besides these men, parties of cofishing breeze. The summit of this lin courmands the victs, in chains, are constantly employed abuut awy public mast superb and agreeable prospect imaginable in every work that may be going on, black, as well as white metu
, direction but one, where the buryisy-ground presents itself, who have been condemned for oftences committed in the und the newly turned up mould which covers the recent colour:
The female Africans all carry their children behind their unassimilated seamen may be subjected as little as possible backs, rolled in the same bodycloth which covers, from the to the deleterious influence of the climate. waist downwards, their own nakedness. The poor little We received upwards of twenty of them on board, wretch, bound with its face to the back of its mother, and chiefly young men, all of them more muscular and athletic, an arm and a leg on each side of her, and both these as well although not generally taller, than our own people; some as its head exposed to the sun, seems to bear its irksome of them perfect models in point of figure, and possessing position, and all the shaking and rough usage it meets with, features rather more prominent and expressive than the most philosophically. The market-place is crowded with generality of Africans. Nearly all of them had been in the liberated African females, squatted on the ground, or on navy before, and, like most other Africans, each has his inats, with their baskets of fruit, nuts, or Chily peppers, dis-grigri, or fetish, which is commonly the tooth of sone wild played before them, and their naked woolly-headed sable animal, fastened round the ancle or wrist. The following cherubs, released from their dorsal envelope, playing round are a few of their original proper names, with the laugh. them, and puckering their little smooth, chubby visages able and absurd cognomina which they brought with them, into every form and degree of satisfaction. They sprawl among many others of strange and dubious import:about the narrow lanes through the market, scratching up
Namboe Jack Ropeyarn. the mud, and wallowing in it like as many black sucking
Tabooa Jack Fryingpan. pigs.
Great Tom. Amidst all the dialects spoken by the various Negro
Woorawa Peas Soup. tribes and inhabitants in the colony, English is the language
Blattoo Will Centipede. generally understood and made use of, and in every degree
Government Packet. of jinperfection. Poor Quamino, in giving utterance to In rowing, they have always a song of some sort or other our civilized dialect, falls into muy diverting errors of at command, to which they keep time with the oar, somestyle as well as pronunciation; and onr countrymen here times melodious, but usually harsh and untuneful, having seem to think that it is necessary he should not improve in generally for its subject something connected with the ship, this respect, as they all make use of the same defective and or the officers, or the duty that is going on, each chanting incongruous jargon in speaking to every one of dingy ex a subject in turn, while the rest join in the chorus. terior, conceiving, no doubt, that the blacks understand better what is said to them when spoken to in their own broken and imperfect English. The following is a speci
Tithes.—“Tithes," said the Archbishop of Aix, in a men of this peculiar lingua franca jargon, which I over-whining tone, “that voluntary offering of the devout faithheard the other day between a European master and his ful.”—“ Tithes," interrupted the Duke de la Rochefoublack servant :
cault, in his quiet and modest way, which rendered the Master. “Why for you no take book to goberna man?" trait more piquant, “ that voluntary offering of the devout Man. “Me no get him, sa.” Master. “Yes, you did ; you get fum fum palaver faithful, concerning which there are now forty thousand plenty."
law-suits in the kingdom."-Recollections of Mirebeau. Man. Me no like him, sa ; me get fum fum palaver plenty too much."
A NIGHT SCENE IN AFRICA.
Twas night :- his babes around him lay at rest, « Yes I did; you shall be punished.”
"Their mother slumbered on their father's breast : “I would rather not, Sir; for, I have had quite enough of
A yell of murder rang around their bed; punishment already:'
They woke : their cottage blazed ; the victims fled ; The habitations of the Krou people, Krou Town as it is Forth sprang the ambush'd russians on their prey, called, are, in the direction of this spot adjoining Freetown, They caught, they bound, they drove them far away.) a complete Indian village ; the houses formed, like all the The white man bought them at the mart of blood; huis in the colony, of clay, twigs, and thatch. These men are In pestilential barks they cross'd the flood; an emigrant and industrious race, natives of a part of the Then were the wretched ones asunder torn, Grain Cost, in the neighbourhood of Cape Palmos, about three To distant isles, to separate bondage borne ; hundred and fifty or four hundred miles south-east of this, who Denied, though sought with tears, the sad relief come here for a few years only let themselves out for hire That misery loves--the fellowship of grief. to ships or as servants on shore-make a little money-re Lives there a savage ruder than the slave ? turn home again, and are succeeded by some more of their -Cruel as death, insatiate as the grave, fortune-pushing countrymen. They are, in fact, the Scots False as the winds that round his vessel blow, men of Africa. They are a remarkably strong, active, hardly,
Remorseless as the gulf that yawns below, and intelligent race of men, Their skin varies from a dark Is he who toils upon the wasting flood, copper colour to black, tattooed about the face, chest and arms. A Christian broker in the trade of blood. They are distinguished by a tattooed arrow on each temple, Boisterous in speech, in action prompt and bold, with its point to the eye; and almost all of them have the He buys, he sells-he steals, he kiils, for gold. front teeth of the upper jaw filed to a point, or some portion At noon, when sky and ocean, calm and clear, of each tooth removed, according to the fancy of the wearer,
Bend round his bark, one blue unbroken sphere; or those who begat him, which gives them a savage appear When dancing dolphins sparkle through the brine, auce. Their only article of dress is a piece of printed cot And sunbeam-circles o'er the waters shine : ton cloth round the middle. None of them have their He sees no beauty in the heaven serene, wives and families here; these are left at home under the No soul-enchanting sweetness in the scene, guardianship of their own relations, and the protection of But, darkly scowling at the glorious day, their chief, to whom, on returning home, they always carry
Curses the winds that loiter on their way. a present of cloth, muskets, gunpowder, or some article of When swoln with hurricanes the billows rise, dress, as a sort of tribute and acknowledgment for his pro To meet the lightning midway from the skies; tection.
When from the unburthen'd hold his shrieking slaves Every ship of war on arriving at Freetown, enters a Are cast at midnight to the hungry waves ; certain number of these Kroumen over and above her com Not for his victin.s strangled in the deep's, pliment, for the purpose of manning her boats when they Not for his crimes the laiden'd pirate weeps, may b; sent on any service where there is likely to b: much But, grinly smiling, when the storm is o'er, exposure to the sun or rain, and to the mephitic exhuation 3 Counts his sure gains and huries back for more. from the soil, such is wood'ng and watering, so t' at oui'
ELEMENTS OF THOUGHT.
tarianism, and the ascendency of machinery. 26 They would
fain," says Leigh Hunt, in an eloquent passage of the disSOME OF THE EVIL CONSEQUENCES OF CHURCH
sertation he has prefixed to his poenis, “lave persuaded us ESTABLISHMENTS.
that the beart, the imagination and flesh and blood of man, Happy wore it, if Civil Establishments of Religion were were to quit him at the approach of science and utilitarianuseless only, instead of being productive of the greatest evils. ism, and leave him nothing but his ribs to reckon upon. 0 But when Christianity is established by law, it is requisite believe it not! Count it not feasible, or in naturel The to give the preference to sono particular system ; and as the very flowers on the tea-cups, the grace with which a ball of magistrate is no better judge of religion than others, the cotton is rolled up, might have shewn the contrary. You chances are as great for his lending his sanction to the false, must take colour out of the grass first, preference out of the as to the true. Splendour and emolument must likewise be fancy, passion out of the blood. Nay, the more draught the in some degree attached to the National Church, which are more thirst. The want makes the wish. You may make secta a strong inducement to its ministers to defend it, be it ever in opinion, and formalize a people for a while, here and tỊ er , so remote from the trath. Thus error becomes permanent; himself into strange border-lands of dissent. Pascal was a
**** Newton got
but you cannot undo human nature. and that set of errors which happens to prevail, when the
hypochondriacal dreamer. With the growth of this forestablishment is formed, continues, in spite of superior light midable mechanical epoch, which was to take all dulce out and improvement, to be handed down without alteration of the utile, we have had the wonderful works of Sir from age to age. Hence the disagreement between the pub- Walter Scott, the criticism of Hazlitt, the imagination of lic creed of the church, and the private sentiments of its mi- Keats, the tragedy and winged philosophy of Shelley, the nisters ; an evil growing out of the very nature of a hier passion of Byron, the wit and festivity of Mooro, tales and archy, and not likely to be remedied before it brings the and the Germans have poured forth every species of ro
novels endless, and Mr. Wordsworth has become a classic, clerical character into the utmost contempt. Hence the mance, and the very French have thought fit to Germanize; rapid spread of infidelity in various parts of Europe ; a and our American brethren have written little but novels natural and never failing consequence of the corrupt alli- and verses, and Sir Humphrey Davy has been dividing his ance between Church and State. Wherever we turn our
time between coal-mines and fairy-land, (no very remote eyes we shall perceive the depression of religion, in propor regions,) and the shop itself and the Corn Laws have given
us a poet, and Mr. Crabbe has been versifying the Parish tion to the elevation of the hierarchy. In France, where Registers; and last
, and not least, the Utilitarians themthe establishment had attained the utmost splendour, piety selves are poetical. Dr. Bowring is not satisfied teniless tre had utterly decayed; and in Scotland, whose National Church hear of the poetry of Magyyars, and if you want a proper is one of the poorest in the world, a greater sense of reli- Bacchanalian uproar in a song, you must go to the author
of Ilcadlong Hall, who will not advance utility itself, urgion appears among the inhabitants than in either France less it be jovial. It is a moot point which he admires most, or England. It must likewise be plain to every observer, Bentham or Rossini. that piety flourishes much more among dissenters, than
COERCIVE MEASURES. among the members of any establishment whatever. This progress of things is so natural, that nothing seems wanting in the present mcasures, and a rigorous punishment of those
I fear it sometimes asserted, that a steady persererance in any country to render the thinking part infidels, but a who oppose them, will
, in the course of time infallibly put splendlid establishment. It will always ultimately debase an end to these disorders. But this, in my opinion, is said the clerical character, and perpetuate, both in doctrine and without much observation of our preseut disposition, and
without discipline, every error and abuse. Turn a Christian So- kind. If the matter of which this nation is composed be so
any knowledge at all of the general nature of man. ciety into an Established Church, and it is no longer a vo
very fernientable as these gentlemen describe it, leaven will luntary assembly for the worship of God; it is a powerful I never be wanting to work it up, as long as discontent, Te. corporation, full of such sentiments and passions as usually venge and ambition have existence in the world. Partidistinguish those bodies, a dread of innovation, a
an attach- cular punishments are the cure for accidental distempers in ment to abuses, a' propensity to tyranny and oppression. arise from the settled mismanagement of the Government, or
the state ; they inflame rather than allay those heats which Hence the convulsions that accompany' religious reforms, from a natural ill disposition in the People: It is of the ut: where the truth of the opinions in question is little regard- most moment not to make mistakes in the use of strong ed, amidst the alarm that is felt for the splendour, opulence, measures ; and firmness is then only a virtue when it af and power which they are the means of supporting.
companies the most perfect wisdom.-Burke's Thoughts on? The alliance be
the Cause of the Present Discontents. tween Church and State is, in a political point of view, ex
HYMN tremely suspicious, and much better fitted to the genius of OF THE CONFEDERATE POLES OF LUBIONSKI. ,**. an arbitrary, than a free government. To the former it
By Mrs Gore. may yield a powerful support ; to the latter it must ever
By each life-pulse warmly beating: prove dangerous. The spiritual submission it exalts, is un
By each hand in hand we hold, favourable to mental vigour, and prepares the way for a
By each glance our glances meeting,"
Brothers haill the bell hath tolled! servile acquiesence in the encroachments of civil authority.
UNITE! Be free! This is so correspondent with facts that the epithet High
By you forest branches waving, Church, when applied to politics, is familiarly used in our
By yon dread and star-bright spheres, il language to convey the notion of arbitary maxims of Go
By yon waves our pastures lavingsvernment.-Hall of Leinster.
Brothers kneel! Jehovah hears,
ADORE! Be free!
By our swords, inglorious rusting, The Tory writers have for some time been prophecying
By our land of death and birth, the downfall of poetry, and the annihilation of imagination,
By our faith, to heaven entrusting :!1d the contraction of all feeling from the doctrines of utili
Life, love, hovour,--all on earth,
ARISE! Be free.
TENDENCY OF THE AGE.
r! THE STORY-TELLER,
Not that her witchship always dwelt in her cave; no, her
visits to it were but occasional. Nor did it ever become THE HARE-HOUND AND THE WITCH. BY THE O'Hara FAMILY.
necessary for her to proclaim her presence on the coast, by
exhibiting her person ; the results of her close neighbourYour genuine witches, who
hood sufficiently “prated of her wherenbonts." Farmers' " seemed not creatures of the earth, 11. "And stil were on it ;"
wives toiled in vain at their churns; and when no butter withered old women, who united in their persons the de would come, self-evident it was that the witch was at that crepitude of age with the most marvellous power of loco.
moment in her cavern, seated on her heels before a vessel of motion ; half spirits, half mortals; who seemed to live plain water, from which, by drawing a dead man's hand solely for the purpose of paying back to the whole human honest labour. Cows suddenly went back in their milk ;
through it, she appropriated the produce of other people's race the hatred lavished by men, women, and children, on themselves; who could blight the farmer's hope of plenty;
and then it was known, that, by passing a wheaten straw cheat his cows of their milk, and his wife of her butter; between her finger and thumb, the witch amply filled her cause, the clouds to gather, and the tempest to scourge the can, while the owner of the beautiful animal uselessly earth - and yet: creatures of contrarieties! who, possessed again, every one kuew who was in the cave under the cliff;
tugged at its udder. Cattle swelled, and died, too; and, once of all this awful power, could not, or would not
, redeem and is none of those events, or similar ones, proved her disthemselves 'from rags, hunger, and misery ;—they, your agreeable proximity, the direful storms, and the frightful genuine witches, as we have already called them, exist not, wrecks in the bay abundantly warranted it. Often, amid alas! at present, in our green island : extinct, though not
the bellowing of the tempest she had raised, swelled her forgotten, is their race, like that of our noble moose-deer, shrieking voice; and while the despairing creatures in the our formidable wolf, and our as formidable wolf-dog. De doomed vessel topped each short, high, foam-maned billow, generate emulators of them, indeed, we still boast; indivi- which nearer and nearer dashed them on to their dread fate, duals who dip into, futurity by the aid of card-cutting or
the terrified watchers on the cliff's brow have heard her cup-tossing, or who find out stolen property, or vend charms devilish laugh, until at last it broke into frenzied loudness, against the peerish malice of the little sprites of the moon as the ship burst, like a glass bubble, against the sharp beam; but, compared with their renowned predecessors, rocks under her dwelling-hole. these timid assertors of supernatural endowment may be No one could tell whence she came or whither she went, said to disgrace their calling; and, moreover, even they when, for a time, no longer visible on the coast. Occasion. are fast sinking in repute, as well as diminishing in num- ally she was observed in conference with certain notorious bers.
smugglers; and the men appeared, it was well known, to But we would attempt to preserve, in the following pages petition and bribe her for a fair wind with which to enter some fit idea of the importance of a true Irish witch of the the bay, and for a foul one to keep their pursuers out of it. good olden time. We are aware that the chief event which And this was fully proved by the fact, that invariably their must wind up our story—the sudden appearance, namely, light lugger got in, and was safely moored in some little of a lost heir--(we have the coumge to speak it out so soon) creek, against danger of coming storm; while, the moment is a threadbare one; it can't be helped, however; and it, at
the revenue-cutter appeared in the offing, out burst the
wildest winds, from the witch's cavern, and up swelled the least, is fact, to our own knowledge; although we are not quite 'as fully accountable for the respectable traditions that vessel was sure to be wrecked during the night.
sea and the bay, in mountain billows; and his Majesty's surround it with such pleasing wonders as we are about to
Like all of her sisterhood of that famous period, sho relate, and which form the real interest of our narration.
could change herself, at pleasure, into various shapes. We On the western coast of Ireland is a certain dangerous give a serious proof of her talent in this respect. bay; into it the broad Atlantic rolls his vast waters. Two
A few miles from the coast which she so despotically leagues inland from its mouth high black cliffs frown over
ruled, resided a considerable landed proprietor. A great it, at both sides, of which the bases are hollowed into ca
hunter of hares and foxes was he. His wife had just blessed verns; and when the winds blow angrily and any wind him with an heir to his estate. And the boy was their only can effectually visit the open and exposed estuary_tre
child. Of this event, the good squire was not a little proud; mendous and terrific is the roar, the dash, and the foam, for, in case of his not leaving male issue, his property was which deafen the ears, and distract the eyes of a specta- to pass away to a distant, obscure, and neglected relation, tor. That hapless vessel which, in a storm, cannot avoid
a bone in whose skin its immediate possessor neither loved an entrance into this merciless turmoil of mad waters, has
por liked; for the heir-presumptive was mean in his habits sealed its doom.
and associations, uneducated and graceless; and it would Formerly, a great number of ships, from different coun
be a sad thing to know that the fine old family acres were tries, used to be dashed to splinters against the iron-bound
to go into such hands. coast ; and a few people conjecture, that the diminution of
Shortly after his wife's confinement, and while she and such terrible accidents, in the present day, is partially owing her baby were doing well,” the squire, to dissipate the to some improvement in seamanship, or else to the timely recent anxiety he had suffered, sallied forth for a huntingwarning now given to distant mariners, by lights erected at the mouth of the bay. But other persons, and by far His pack of harriers were his attendants on this occasion,
for the hare was the object of the day's sport. the greater number in the neighbourhood, think that the comparative paucity of wrecks may more naturally and sa And, surely, never had such a hare been followed by dogs, or tisfactorily be accounted for in another way. In fact, there
" sohoed” by mortal lips, as the hare he and his friends and does not now reside, as formerly there did, in an almost pack started, and hunted, upon that memorable day. From unapproachable cavern, high up on the face of one of the breakfast to dinner time, a sweeping and erratic chace did black cliffs, “ a real witch of the right sort."
she lead them all; the dogs at full stretch, and the horses