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couple of patridges. Instead of proceeding to the dissection self on her defence, and caught the Frenchman by the thereof on the dish, he put them on his own plate. « Pray, throat. He screamed for help, but no one would interfere. Sir, who is to eat your leavings ?" inquired the stiff dowa- The fellow then ran to his room, gathered his things to ger._“Madam," was the reply, “ I do not intend to leave gether, and was about to leave the house. But when our

landlady, Madame Hereies, was informed of this, in order Men of sense never talk of politics at dinner time. It is to satisfy the wretch, she disgraced herself by having twena bad time to think of governing the state at that particular ty-six lashes inflicted upon the poor girl with a cow-bide, period when a man is least capable of governing himself.

and refined upon her cruelty so much, that she forced the Breakfast as if you were to have no dinner, and dine as sweetheart of the girl, a young negro slave who waited in if you had not breakfasted.

the house, to count off the lashes upon her. This French A cellar without champagne is a watch without wheels. man, a merchant's clerk from Montpelier, was not satisfied Adinner without wine is a magic lantern without a candle. with this : he went to the police, lodged a complaint against

Count Mirabeau, brother of the celebrated orator of the the girl, had her arrested by two constables, and whipped Constituent Assembly, and so well known as Mirabeau- again by them in his presence. I regret that I did not take tonneau, (cask Mirabeau) sent for his valet-de-chambre one

a note of this miscreant's name, in order that I might give morning, and said to him, “ You are a faithful servant—very his disgraceful conduct its merited publicity.—Stuart's zealous, and I have nothing to say against you, but yet i Three Years in America. must dismiss you.” “Why, Sir?" was the question.

Good OLD TIMES.--We often heard of the good old cause, in spite of our understanding, yon get drunk on the times.” When were these? In Queen Bess's reig-when, same days that I do." “Is that my fault, Count? You

to be able to read was so rare an accomplishment that it get drunk every day!" The Count found so much sound procured to the greatest criminals “ benefit of clergy," namely, argument in this reply, that he kept his valel-de-chambre. impunity from well deserved punishment! When wooden

Erasmus very wisely says, in his Eulogium on Folly, “ A pallets formed the beds of the tenths of the people, and a log repast is tasteless, if it be not seasoned with a grain of folly." of wood their pillow! When their houses had no fireplace Dulce est desipere in loco.

-and needed none, fuel being as rare as silk stockings! The nose is the drunkard's compass.

When a Queen's bed-chamber-even that of the puissant Prince Eugene of Savoy showed vast talent and capabi- Elizabeth herself—was strewed with fresh rushes daily, in lities at an early age. When only fifteen, Voltaire says, he lack of a Kidderminster or Kilmarnock carpet! Whet, got drunk every night with Dancourt, and slept with the as in the time of her father, bluff Hal, England did not grep rest of the family.

a cabbage, turnip, carrot, nor, indeed, any edible root; and Sobriety is the conscience of bad stomachs.

Queen Catherine had to send to Flanders for a salad! Pooh! We have volumes of equally apt and true aphorisms and old times, indeed !--Ours are the old rich times. These were anecdotes, but cannot detail them now; we are summoned but a beggarly boyhood !-Chameleon. to_DINXER

Lays and Legends of the Rhine.

[Close by the city of Basle is the field of St. James, where, Bishop PHILPOTTS-No man ever had more of the in the year 1444, a sanguinary battle was fought between clerical Chesterfield. And as to his bows--their profundity, Louis XI. The Swiss were not so much vanquished 3 courtier in his composition than Dr. Philpotts. He is a sixteen hundred Swiss and thirty thousand French! It lastel

ten hours, the French being led by the Dauphin, afterwards empressment, and frequency-Sir Charles Grandison must have been his model, and Richardson alone could do them! they were tired with fighting, and exhausted by the number Perhaps his long and close intercourse with Bishop Barring, survived, who

brought the news

of the battle to Baste. The

of their adversaries. Out of the sixteen hundred only sixtee? ton, himself a finished gentleman, might have contributed French lost six thousand men. to throw that air of overpowering urbanity into his look

On this spot grows 'a mal and language. Of middle stature, with a keen quick eye,

wine which is called, from this memorable circumstance,

“the blood of the Swiss."] ready comprehension of the views of others, and a rapid

Drink! drink --the red, red wine response to them, he is a thorough man of business. Study,

That in the goblet glows, or care, or ambition, has much and deeply furrowed his countenance ; but the pliancy of his person equals the pli

Is hallow'd by the blood that stained ency of his politics ! Yet he is an able, keen, and persua

The ground whereon it grows ! sive writer. The rectory-house at Stanhope, with its con

Drink ! drink !-there's health and joy

In its foam to the free and the brave; servatories, hot-walls, and forcing-houses, was built by him, It is worthy of the splendid benefice to which it is attached.

But 'cwould blister up like the elf-king's cup In the hall is a fine Roman altar, in perfect preservation,

The pale lip of the slave! the only appendage of which many of his brethren envy him

Drink ! drink ! and as your hearts the possession. It was at Stanhope that his letter to Jeffery,

Are warmed by its ruby tide, the shortest and smartest of all his pamphlets, was written :

Swear to live as free as your Fathers livedly the labour, it is affirmed, for he writes rapidly and without

Or die as your Fathers died ! effort, of a very few days. Apart from his political trans

CONTENTS OF NO. XXXIII. gressions, he has received hard measure from the public

Leonard's Voyage to the Western Coasts of Africa (Slava press. At Stanhope he preached constantly and earnestly, took his full share of the duty of that populous living, and

Hours of Labour for Children...... was ever ready to perform the meanest and most laborious pastoral offices to the humblest of his flock. This point in Roasting by Gas.... his character his opponents have carefully kept out of sight,

Critics of the Daily London Press... and most unfairly. He was a zealous, indefatigable, and Catalepsey... generous parish priest.-Whyhcotle of St. John's.

THE STORY.Teller-The Young Widow of Bremet....... SLAVERY AND CRUELTY. There was a young Virgi The Barber of Dunse....... nian female slave in our boarding-house, employed as a The Joyfull Receiving of James the Sixt, and Queenie Annet

Elizabeth's Progresses...... chamber-maid, a cleanly, attentive, quiet, and very regular

Death of Queen Elizabeth.. individua. A Frenchman residing in the house, called in Gastronomic Precepts and Anecdotes... the morning early for water to wash. As the water was SCRAPS-Bishop Philpotts-Slavery and Cruelty-Good 01d

Times-Drinking Song of the Men of Basle........tive 176 not instantly brought to him, he went down the steps and encountered the poor girl, who just then had some other EDINBURGH : Printed by and for John JOHNSTONG, 19, St. James) occupation in hand. He struck her immediately with the Square.-Published by Jorin ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, 3), Nath fist in the face, so that the blood ran from her forehead; Bridge Street, Edinburgh; by JOHN MACLEOD, and ATRINA

Co., Booksellers, Glasgow ; and sold by all Booksellers and Venuten The poor creature, roused by this unmerited abuse, put her. of Cheap Periodicals.




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When men, either from a real or imaginary versus,

source of grievances become lawless on one point it VOLUNTARY CHURCHES.

is very likely to extend to others. Combinations “Do you happen to have seen a work lately arising from what many of the people consider a published by Mrs. Trollope, which gives an account justifiable resistance of tithes are very liable to exof shocking scenes which have taken place ?” This tend themselves to other points. We find, consequery was addressed by some Peer, Spiritual or Tem- quently, the hearts of our peasantry hardened, poral, to the Reverend Henry Montgomery, a Pres- their religious feelings blunted, and the native byterian minister in the neighbourhood of Belfast, social kindness of their hearts destroyed. We when he was last year brought over to give evi. know, at least we have reason to fear, that perjury dence before a Committee of the House of Peers is not considered an enormous crime, when a partyon the Irish tithe question. Their lordships spirit- triumph is to accrue.

We know that men have ual and temporal, endeavoured to sift the dissent- been taught, by their resistance to this impost, to ing clergyman in various ways, and, in vulgar glory in crime, and instead of being looked upon as language, met their match. As the report of this individuals who are justly exposed to the punish. evidence is in very few hands, and interesting ment of the law, they are viewed by the people as and curious in many respects, we purpose to give martyrs in a righteous cause.” But laying aside our readers a few extracts from the testimony of tithes, we proceed to the point in view. Mr. MontMr. Montgomery, a clear-headed, self-possessed gomery stated that without any bitter hostility to man, thoroughly conversant with the subjects into the Established Church as an episcopal church, which the Peers' Committee, by a trifling diver- conscientious dissenters are of opinion that all gence from the strict purpose in view, led him. churches should be supported by the members of But before coming to his opinion of the superiority

their own communion. “ That,” he continued, of Voluntary Churches, to those Established, we “ I can clearly state to your lordships, so far as must notice his sympathy with his poor Catholic my knowledge extends, to be a growing feeling in neighbours.—“When a Roman Catholic," he says, Ireland. I know that it is the feeling of some indi“ knows little of the Protestant clergyman, except viduals even of the Establishment themselves. in the form of the tithe-proctor, or as represented Your lordships may perhaps be aware that a digby the tithe-proctor and tithe-agent, or some in- nitary of the Established Church, the Rev. Dr dividual making a demand upon the fruits of his Hinks, of Killaleagh, once a fellow of Trinity industry, or in the more awful form in which those College, and perhaps one of the most learned, able, demands have lately been made by the police and and conscientious ministers of whom any church the military in some parts of Ireland, it is almost could boast, has lately put forth a pamphlet, in impossible that there should not be some injury which he expresses it as his opinion that the proinflicted upon the faith of the church which appears gress of true religion, which he believes to be the thus to the eyes of the peasant. If we look at the Protestant religion as established in this country tithe system in its social or in its moral influence, would be greatly promoted were it altogether unnothing can be more deplorable. Your lordships connected with those temporal sanctions which it are aware that for a vast number of years, it has now possesses." Mr. Montgomery was asked if he been a source of misery and discord, and has led did not think a resident parochial clergyman, calcufrequently to the effusion of human blood. I con-lated to produce a beneficial influence on the habits ceive, bowever, that this is not the greatest evil, morals, and improvement of the country, indeafter all, though it is one which strikes us as be- pendently of his religious influence over people of ing frightful.” And Mr. Montgomery proceeds to his own persuasion.And at first glance Mr Montdescribe what he considers yet worse than discord gomery admitted that it apparently onght to be so : and murder—" The demoralization," namely, —but what is the fact ? " If the people per“ spread through all society by a system of lawless-ceive that individual living in afluence from the ness, and truly distressing to a christian mind. fruits of their industry, whilst he is not discharging

any duties to them connected with his clerical Binsted against him ; that was an authority with profession, it has not the beneficial effect which which he was not familiar. Captain Basil Hall's might be expected. They may, perhaps, look upon Travels he had seen; but Hall's assertions were, to him with some degree of envy and jealousy, and his mind, set aside by that of intelligent individthe vulgar mind may be disposed to say, Well, uals who had resided in America for years; anil it is hard that this individual should live in splen- whoseuniversal testimony was, that religion was dour from the fruits of my toils and earnings.” I in a most flourishing condition,—“true religion, am persuaded, that instead of producing the moral in its influence upon the hearts and conduct of influence referred to, and which, on the first appear. men.” The members of Committee renewed the ance of the question, would naturally occur to every charge. “ Some districts of America were desti. mind, it has not always, nor generally produced tute of Churches, and of all religious principles;" that effect. I am not aware that the clergy are —but Mr. Montgomery was not aware " that the either greatly distinguished for their benevolence people not having ever had an Established Church, or the reverse. I believe that a resident landlord and therefore not having their old habits and prenaturally feels a greater interest in the improve possessions in favour of religious ordinances, will ment and prosperity of his property than an indi- not. originate such institutions themselves ; nor vidual from whose hands the property must natur- yet that the American papers exulted at the prosally in a short time pass away. The hostility in pect open before them, of all religion being abo. Scotland to the establishment of Episcopacy, as lished.” He was aware of no such facts : "I your Lordships are aware, did not arise « so much speak,” he says, “from having seen the minutes from the doctrines of the Established Church, as of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian of the system.” It is well known that most of the Church, and also of the Associate and Baptist Presbyterian clergy of the north of Ireland receive denominations, in which they represent the riusome small aid from the state ; but what they de- merous Churches holding their religious principles rive in addition from their congregations must as being remarkably flourishing." And now some vary with the degree of estimation in which their noble member of the Committee clenched the character and services are held ; and this, Mr. whole by the question with which we set out. Montgomery stated, Dissenters held as a happy “Do you happen to have seen a work lately pubcircumstance; because, in addition to the higher lished by Mrs. Trollope, which gives an account of motive that ought to influence a clergyman, he some shocking scenes that have taken place? Ire has also this other motive of personal interest to you aware that there is a most frightful multiplimake him industrious and faithful. “I stated,” | cation of violent enthusiastic sects, which start up continues the witness, “ to the Committee in ano- in America in one year, and disappear in the ther place, the fact, that the inroads upon the next; and that Mr. Binsted, himself an American realms of vice, so far as I am acquainted with the of great respectability, has stated in the strongest north of Ireland, have not been made by the en manner the want of some distinct establishment ?" dowed clergy of any church, but by the industri -It must have been some right reverend that ous, energetic clergy of various sectarian deno. urged all this. Mr. Montgomery had not seen the minations who are unendowed. Endowed clergy book-but he remarked, “ that we have had a are too much exalted, perhaps, above the people. good deal of fanaticism in our own countries, eren It is almost impossible that they should descend with all our wealthy establishment ; and that it into the humble abodes of poverty, and engage in might be the fanatical clergy had most influence all those offices which are after all so essential “ to among the women, as this is pretty much the win men to Christ.” Sinners require to be sought case at home—he had not heard that ministers in the midst of their poverty, and in the midst of of religion were treated as an inferior grade by their crimes. I speak of this as no reproach to any the male population.” And now Dr. Chalmers is body of men ; I speak of it as a fact occurring be brought forward as the battle horse of the (certainly fore my open eyes."

reverend) interrogator, in his zeal for establishWhen the question was pressed whether the ments; hut even against this great authority, Mr. multiplicity of sects might not operate to prevent Montgomery stood bis ground. He thought the the support of clergymen withont some legal en- clergy holding the largest emoluments, not those dowment, Mr Montgomery brought forward the found in the houses of the poor, not the working triumphant argument of America. " In the Uni- clergy. “Even where they," he adds, “are resident, ted States there was as much zeal for religion, and I think the humble clergy of all denominations are as much zeal in all societies for the diffusion of more useful among the people.” So far he admits the Scriptures, and for the conversion of sinners, the principle of Dr. Chalmers, “ that if a Church as is to be found in any portion of the world. i devote itself honestly to Missionary purposes, a know that the clergy are supported there in a greater effect would be produced by the concentra. manner, which I, as a poor dissenter in Ireland, tion of means, than by desultory efforts.--Ho should call munificent, and much more largely in- could not, however, agree that it would be desirdeed than dissenting ministers in the North of abler for any denomination of dissenters to support Ireland are supported in similar situations.” But an establishment, which should concentrate its here the Committee had him, they brought Dr. efforts to work the destruction of their own prit

ciples, at their own cost.” Here is an argument To a serious contemplative mind, nothing can nigainst Dr. Chalmers's most substantial reason for appear more truly astonishing, than, that a rare of an establishment. As a Missionary institution, creatures, prone to every species of wickedness, and until there are no diversity of secté, until all naturally hostile to every thing that is spiritual and Hold the same faith, the same objection must re holy, through means, which Infinite Wisdom hath main. How could the Anabaptist, the Quaker, planned, and boundless love enforced, become obthe Presbyterian, approve a concentration of effortjects of compassion, of mercy, and of favour, to a upheld by their joint contributions, to overturn the despised Gou!* This cheering truth, which endoctrines they hold for truth.

" Are you aware,

lightens the darkest hours of life, deprives death Mr. Niontgomery was asked, “ that Dr Chalmers of its terror, and eternity of its gloom, was dictaconsiders an Established Church, to be the only teil by Divinity, and is recorder in the sacred political means for the improvement of religion in archives of Revelation. In the luspired Volume the country ?” “I am not." “ Are you aware

we often find Ilim entering into our confined that, with respect to England, (although he strong-views, adopting our limited ideas, and clothing the ly objects to the present tithe system,) he is ex most awful truths, and sublime mysteries, in lantremely averse to any proposal that should tend to guage at the same time majestic and unadorned. diminish the property of the Established Church? The Being, that spoke the universe into existence, he is of opinion, (putting aside distribution of that and still continues to support it, by His power,-property,) that the might, with advantage, condescends, in this volume, to impart a portion be put in possession of still more ?"- Mr Mont- of His eternal purposes to man, who is no more gomery did not know that. To another question than a worthless dependent on Ilis bounty; yet, he answered, " that from what he knew of human how often do we see this foolish creature, unmind. nature, ministers should not be allogether indepen. ful of the exalted nature of his benefactor, and dent of the people.

crawn up to a self-important magnitude in the The subject of establishments, taking Dr. Chal- erring standard of his own conceit, neglecting mers's principle for the basis, was placed in the dictates of the Supreme because they are of fairest and most plausible light in the following easy access--and despising them, because they question. “Supposing that you could rely, lınmanly appear dressed unostentatiously, in the humble speaking, upon the faithfulness of the different guise of human language! That very simplicity, ministers of the Established Church, both those however, which veils their beauties, and conceals who send labourers into the vineyard, and the la- their excellence, from the idle and unthinking, is bourers themselves, do you not conceive that there a proof of their divine origin-a demonstration of would be a great advantage in seeing that such a their intrinsic value. By what other means, than provision should be made for the ministers as would through a medium suited to our nature and facul. make them independent of the caprice and pasties, could He have communication with us, the sions of those they were appointed to teach.” The glory of whose presence no mortal can behold answer was, “ That if the whole people were of “ and live ?” Tad every precept of Revelation one opinion, conscientiously and sincerely, the ob- been displayed in beams of light, throughout the jection to an Establishment, if it were conducted azure canopy of Heaven; and all the promises upon the principle of the clergy being a working breathed melody in every passing breeze, and clergy, would almost entirely cease.” This of every threatening rolled around in ceaseless thuncourse embraces an impossibility. It was after- er; our minds might have been astonished, but wards, that Mr. Montgomery stated, he did not not informell ; our hearts perplexed, but not rethink it desirable, that the ministers should be al. newed ; and our imagination captivated by the together independent of the people. And thus, in charm of endless novelty, but left insensible to the Peers' Committee, ended this strange kind of the splendours of simple trutit. Our senses beconference, on the relative superiority of Lstablishi. wildered by the glare which continually surroundments and Voluntary Churches, a question very ed them, would have allowed us no time to renaturally arising out of that of tithes; the aboli- duce what we saw to practice, or to consider, serition of the one being calculated to give a staggerously, the import of what we heard. These senses, ing blow to the other, which it cannot very long therefore, being the medium of all known enjoy, survive.

ment, to be deprived of them would be the depth

of wretchedness; and hence, we would have lived THE BIBLE.

in perpetual amazement, and died in the anguish Wwle the general mass of books vary, in their rif horror. Occasional revelation, again, through sentimients and character, with the varying habits, the intervention of subordinate spirits, visions, or, opinions, and increasing knowledge of successive indeed, any other means than those which unerages, and are one after another lost in the revolu- ring wisdom has adopter, would leare us to be tion of manners, and the flux of time; THE the continual dupes of idle terrors, ridiculous fanBIBLE seems destined to hold the same language, I cies, and fatal dereits. Ilere in the Sacred Volume, and present the same aspect to the human heart,

we have a complete, and unalterable summary of till the veil of 'mortality be rent by the han of Revelation, humble in its appearance, but powerOmnipotence, and the stupendous wonders of eterwity laid open to our view.

#" He was despised, and we esteemed Him no'." Isaiahı, liii. 3.

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ful, through the Spirit that inspired it, in its oper-' therefore, he suspected that they stood in an important r. ation. Open it, and you will perceive it to be lation to each other. After much reflection, he conceited, simple; read it, and you will find it possessed of that if memory for words -w*s indicated by aw extema

sign, the same might be the case with the other intellectual sublimity study, it, and you will feel its energies powers ; and, thereafter, all individuals distinguished by to be Divine !

any remarkable faculty became the objects of his sttention. *Taught by the Bible, and inspired by faith,

By degrees, he conceived himself to have found efterre! Frail man can look beyond the vale of death;

characteristics, which indicated a decided disposition for To see, hear, know, the pow'r is to him given,

Painting, Music, and the Mechanical Arts.' He became All that is dread in hell, or blessd in heaven.

acquainted also with some individuals remarkable for the The Bible sooths us, in the suff'ring hour,

determination of their character'; and he observed a parti.

cular part of their heads to be very largely developed. This When naught that pleasure's worshipers call bliss,

fact first suggested to him the idea of looking to the head Wealth, learning, fame, and dignity, and pow'r, Could sooth our pain, our make our sorrows less.

for signs of the Moral Sentiments. But in making these

observations, he never conceived, for 'inoment, that the Yes— tis a source (by bounteous Heaven bestow'd) skull was the cause of the different talents, as has been es Of joy exhaustless to the human breast,

roneously represented; for, from the first, he referred the Which leads the wand'ring soul from earth to GOD,

influence, whatever it was, to the Brain. Consoles the griev’d, and bids the weary rest.

In following out, by observations, the principle which The Bible (oft despised, though ev'ry line

accident had thus suggested, he for some time, encouttered Beams truth immaculate, and love divine)

difficulties of the greatest magnitude. Hitherto he had Directs our view, this transient scene above,

been altogether ignorant of the opinions of Physiologita Where love inspires an endless song of love!

touching the brain, and of Metaphysicians respecting the

J. B. mental faculties. He had simply observed naturt. When, HISTORY OF THE DISCOVERY OF PURENOLOGY however, he began to enlarge his knowledge of books be BY DR. GALL OF VIENNA.

found the most extraordinary conflict of opinions every

where prevailing, and this, for the moment, made him hain Dr. Gall, a physician of Vienna, afterwards resident in sitate about the correctness of his own observations. He Paris," was the founder of the system. From an early age found that the moral sentiments had, by an almost general he was given to observation, and was struck with the fact, consent, been consigned to the thoracic and abdominal vis that each of his brothers and sisters, companions in play, cera : and that, while Pythagoras, Plato, Galen, Haller, and and schoolfellows, was distinguished from other individuals

some other Physiologists, placed the sentient sont or intel. by some peculiarity of talent or disposition. Some of his lectual faculties in the brain, Aristotle placed it in the schoolmates were characterized by the beauty of their pen-heart, Van Helmont in the stomach, Des Cartes and his manship, some by their success in arithmetic, and others by followers in the pineal gland, and Drelincourt and other their talent for acquiring a knowledge of natural history, or in the cerebellum. languages. The compositions of one were remarkable for

He observed also, that a great number of Philosophers elegance; the style of another was stiff and dry; while a and Physiologists asserted, that all men are born with third connected his reasonings in the closest manner, and equal mental faculties; and that the differences observable clothed his argument in the most forcible language. Their

among them are owing either to education, or to the accidispositions were equally different; and this diversity ap- dental circumstances in which they are placed. If dif*** peared also to determine the direction of their partialities ences were accidental, he inferred, that there could be na and aversions. Not a few of them manifested a capacity natural signs of predominating faculties ; and consequently for employments which they were not taught; they cut that the project of learning, by observation, to distinguesa figures in wood, or delineated them on paper ; some devoted the functions of the differeut portions of the brain, mis their leisure to painting, or the culture of a garden, while be hopeless. This difficulty le combated by the reflectim. their comrades abandoned themselves to noisy games, or tra

that his brothers, sisters, and schoolfellows, had all me versed the woods to gather fowers, seek for birdwests, or

ceived very nearly the same education, but that he had stil! catch butterflies. In this manner, each individual presented obserred each of them im folding a distinct character, over a character peculiar to himself; and Dr. Gall never observed which circumstances apperired to exert only a limited to * that the individual, who in one year had displayed selfish or kaavish dispositions, became in the next a good and faithful education had been condicted with the greatest care, zm

trol. He observed, also, that not unfrequently those thus friend.

on whom the labours of teachers had been post assituoas's The scholars with whom Dr. Gall had the greatest diffi- bestowed, remained far behind their companionis in attesculty in competing, were those who learned by heart with

« Often," says Dr Gall, “ve'were accused of 18211 great facility; and such individuals frequently gained from of will, or deficiency in zeal; but many of us could 100+ him by their repetitions the places which he had obtained even with the most ardent desire, follotred out by the most by the merit of his original compositions.

obstinate efforts, attain, in some pursuits, even to mediSome years afterwards, having changed his place of resi- ocrity; while in some other points, sone of us snrpasce

. donce, he still met individuals endowed with an equally

our schoolfillors without an effort, and almost, it might great talent of learning to repeat. He then observed, that

be said, without perceiving it ourselves. But, 'in point of Iris school-fellows, so gifted, possessed prominent eges, and fact, our masters did not appear to attach much faith to the recollected, that his rivals in the first school had been dis- system which taught equality of mental factilties ; for the tinguished by the same peculiarity. When he entered the thought themselves entitled to exact more from one scholar, University he directed his attention, from the first, to the and less from another. They spoke frequently of nataral students whose eyes were of this description, and found that gifts, or of the gifts of God, and consoled their pupils ja they all excelled in getting rapidly by heart, and giving correct recitations, although many of them were by no means be required to render an account, only in proportion to the

the words of the Gospel, by assuring them that each wild distinguished in point of general talent. This observa

gifts which he kad received."* tion was recognized also by the other students in the classes; and although the connexion betwixt talent and external and constitutional diversity of talents and dispositions, be

Being convinced by these facts, that there is a natural sign was not at this time established upon such complete encountered in books still another obstacle to his success evidence as is requisite for a philosophical conclusion, Dr. in determining the external signs of the mental powers Gall could not believe that the coincidence of the two cir- He found that, instead of faculties for languages

, drawing, cumstances was entirely accidental. From this period, • Born at Tiefenbrun, in Suabia, on 9th March 1757, died at Paris, • Preface by Nr. Gail to the “ Anatomic, as dy Certeau," itroen

which other facts in this work are taken.


22d August 1849

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