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es are the prime end of existence. Parents who another thing which ought carefully to be avoided. re devoted to pleasure and self-indulgence, must Where one or more of the children in a family,
heir children to run the same course. are singled out as objects of especial regard, it selSoms again, err in pampering and indulging their dom fails to produce injurious consequences. In childen in the pleasures of the palate. This mis- the favoured child, it lays the foundation for pride take kindness is attended with more danger, per- and self-importance. With the others it excites hap
than they are aware of. It is not only in- hatred and jealousy, and is the cause of continual juvus to the health, but also to the mind, by as. dissensions in the family. Whatever may be the guiating the idea of happiness with the gratifica- motives with parents for partiality, they will unon of appetite ; whence proceeds the degrading doubtedly have much to answer for the evils which abit of self-indulgence in eating and drinking in it produces. Concord in a family greatly depends riper years. All provocatives to eating, should, as on the parent's management; but it cannot be exmuch as possible, be kept out of the way of chil. pected where partiality is shown. That love and dren, but if they unavoidably see and desire them, harmony may prevail amongst children of the 'let gentle, but firm refusal, upon the ground of such same family, one ought never to be praised at viands being pernicious, teach them a lesson of the expense of another. No insidious comparisons self-command. Appetite should be natural ; and must be drawn. Neither should one be allowed to if it be so, it will easily be satisfied ; wherefore, if scoff at another who happens to be in disgrace. children ask for food between the regular meals, This practice destroys affection ; and gives rise to the very simplest should be given to them ; which, resentment and retaliation. They should rather if they really want, they will eat cheerfully. * be taught to commiserate one another when in dis
Neither let them be indulged in a capricious grace; and not be prevented from interceding in whimsical taste, with respect to eating and drink each others' behalf. All teasing derision should be ing. For which purpose, they should be accustom- strictly prohibited, as it tends to imbitter the best ed to take whatever plain food is deemed suitable temper. for them; and to take it at the regular meal-times
When children arrive at an age suitable to have of the family, if the meals be not at too long in the care of their clothes, and other things, furtervals, or at too late an hour in the day. Habit nish each with a place for their little articles; and will regulate even the impulses of appetite, and being often told it is disgraceful to be disorderly, counteract unreasonable antipathies. Thus, by a they will soon adopt the same opinion, and see the little attention and prudent management, children propriety, not only as it respects neatness of clothmay be brought to relish every kind of simple ing, but of putting every article they use, when nourishment which may be set before them. For done with it, in its proper place. Thus, regularity such training, children will, in after-life, thank will become as easy, and even more agreeable to their parents and teachers.
them, than irregularity. The habit of order and Children, as soon as they are able to feed them- method is important ; as the probability is, that, if selves, ought always to be admitted to table at early taught and prized, it will accompany them meals ; and our having company should never pre. through life ; and greatly prevent that inconvenivent it, provided there is room. By this means ence and perplexity which people often experience their manners will be improved, and they will for want of it in the management of their busilearn from others how to behave, and get over that awkward bashfulness so natural to most of them.
Do every thing in its proper season ; put every We are apt to err, indeed, in not attending sufti- thing in its proper place ; cleanliness is next to ciently to bashful children, while the bold and lively godliness ; these are maxims which cannot well be are treated with smiles of approbation. Those who taught too soon, nor inculcated too often, nor imare shy and diffident ought to be brought as much pressed too deeply. Regularity in studies, in busiinto notice as possible : frequently introducing ness, in amusements, is the fosterer of time ; nay, them into the company of engaging friends and ac
almost be said that regularity makes tine. quaintance, will tend greatly to their getting the Without it, how many precious hours are lost in better of it. The frequent introduction into com
confusion, and in seeking what to do next ! Let pany, from whose conversation and manners in
your children, then, be babituated to regularity, struction may be derived, is of no small conse in all their occupations, to do every thing in its quence indeed to young people, particularly in due time ; and let them be encouraged by your keeping them from associating with low compan. example. They will thank you in after-life for so ions.
useful a lesson. Partiality in parents as to particular children, is Much time is often lost, likewise, by having to
Let not children witness any anxiety concerning the look in one place and another for things that are niceties of food, nor hear any conversation on the delights wanted. Let children, therefore, be trained to of good eating and drinking, nor be rewarded for laudable replace books, and clothes, and work, and play. conduct and exertions by any peculiar delicacies ; lest they things, in their proper situations, that they may be come to attach high importance to the pleasures of the able to lay their hands on those, and other arti. table, and to the free indulgence of the appetite, and gradually sink into the low and debased character of glut- cles, whenever they are called for. Many a mastony.
ter, and especially many a mistress of a family,
have lamented the want of this beneficial habit, in Praise is pleasing, is fascinating to the heat; and themselves, their children, and their servants. therefore, upon whatsoever it is bestowe, with
Cleanliness of person, and care of clothes, are respect to that, praise creates agreeable ssociahabits not to be scorned, as they will have a kind. tions, which will be useful or pernicious, acording ly influence upon health and fortune.
The most to the subjects on which the praise is besliwed. opulent parent ought not to be ashamed to adopt, A mistake in this respect may produce lamen ble in the economical education of his children, the consequences ; while praise, judiciously and Sır. excellent motto, “Waste not, want not." Early ingly given, may prove a powerful and benefin habits of care, and an early aversion and contempt motive. “ Let your little girl,” says Mrs. of waste and extravagance, may preserve an estate, Hamilton, “ be dressed in new and unusual finery which, but for such previous training, might be and brought into company, where every voice shah soon lavished away. And, to encourage young join in praise of the ornaments with which she is people in economy, they should be taught to take decorated. Observe the satisfaction with which a family interest in domestic expenses. Parental she eyes the pretty shoes, and pretty sash, which reserve in money matters, is impolitic : for as one
are the objects of admiration. The idea of judiciously observes, “ That father who wraps his praise may thus be associated with the idea of affairs up in mystery, and who views his child with finery; and thus, no doubt, may the love of finery, jealous eyes, as a person who is to begin to live and with it pride and vanity, be generated.” If, when himself dies, will probably make him an
on the contrary, the child be praised for obedience, enemy, by treating him as such.” A frank sim- for readiness to oblige, for diligence, for self-re. plicity, and cordial dependence upon the integrity straint and good temper, pleasing associations will and sympathy of their children, will be more likely cherish those valuable qualities. to insure to parents their disinterested friendship. Let parents, therefore, take care that the seeds Ignorance is always more to be dreaded than of pride and vanity be not sown in the minds of knowledge. Young people who are acquainted their children, hy immoderate praise, even when with family expenses, and the various wants of a
some degree and kind of praise is deserved; by adfamily, will not be so likely to be unreasonable in miration expressed for talents, for external form, their own expenditure. And the pleasure of being or gracefulness of deportment; for finery of dress, esteemed and trusted, is early felt, while the con. of house, of furniture. Self-love, self-satisfaction, sciousness of deserving contidence is delightful to are too easily excited, and grow too fast. They children.
are very dangerous guests, and should be brought Let children, therefore, gradually learn the use under strict command, if not expelled, as quickly and value of money, that they may be able to ma as possible. nage it to advantage, and to apply it to proper
I am, &c., purposes. With respect to girls, this may be
A FRIEND TO EARLY EDUCATION. greatly aided, by giving them annual allowances,
Edinburgh, Feb. 21st, 1833. when they are deemed to be of a competent age, to provide for themselves, gloves, ribbons, and
SERVANTS. other trifling artieles of dress. This, by giving RULES FOR SERVANTS formed part of our last them some idea of the expense of dress, may aid publication ; not wholly unerring, but generally in teaching them the important lessons of economy judicious, and well-considered. The bad qualities and management. They should be encouraged to of servants have formed a favourite subject of save something from this allowance for charitable conversation, since Sarah, in a fit of perverseness, purposes, that thus frugality and beneficence may turned out the bonds-woman and her son.
We be associated. They should also be early ad- fear the censures passed upon this class of permonished, not intentionally to spoil or waste any sons are often too just ; but it is at least equally thing of their own, which may be useful to poor true, that their worst errors originate in the people. They may be taught to take care of shoes vices, corruptions, and excessive luxury of society. and other articles of clothing, when past their use, Among civilized 'nations, servants are found dothat they may relieve with them the wants of poor mestic comforts or plagues, in exact proportion to little boys and girls, who have only such charitable the state of manners, and to the equality or in. supplies to depend on for protection from the cold. equality in the distribution of the wealth of the Thus, they will learn to save from a principle society. If we may believe report, the worst ser. of benevolence, and not from selfish or sordid vants in the world are at present to be found in the motives. Never should children be praised for great and wealthy families who spend most of their what is not intrinsically valuable ; nor, even for time in London--pampered menials, whose wages what is actually praise-worthy, should they be im- and emoluments double or quadruple those of ser. inoderately praised. In their presence, let no vants in quieter situations. Servants of this cast praise be bestowed upon richness and elegance of often understand household business (lying, cundress; upon mere external advantages ; upon mere ning, and pilfering included) much better than ornamental accomplishments ; upon beauty of face the domestics of respectable families in the midor form; upon quickness of speech ; upon any ad- ale rank ; they only lack fidelity, honesty, affecvantages not acquired by their own exertions tion, gratitude, and respectful attachment. These
observations are suggested by a judicious, but | faithful servitude, sweetened by affection, how somewhat lengthy dissertation upon servants, in the many might be added. New Monthly Magazine, After dwelling upon the “ It is in small communities only that we perceive how vices and characteristics of servants, the writer the affections of the master and the domestic may take thus accounts for some of them :
Look in an ancient retired family, whose servants * When a slave was deemed not a person, but a thing
often have been born under the roof they inhabit, and marketable and transferable, the single principle judged where the son is serving where the father still serves, and sufficient to regulate the mutual conduct of the master and
sometimes call the sacred spot of their cradle and their the domestic was, to command and to obey. It seems still grave, by the proud and endearing term of “ Our House." the sole stipulation exacted by the haughty from the Observe a town of limited extent, where the refined artifices menial. But this feudal principle, unalleviated by the just of the metropolis are almost unknown; it is in such place, sympathies of domesticity, deprives authority of its grace,
that the pater familiæ looks on the remoter meinbers movand service of its zeal. To be served well, we should be ing together with an unity of feeling; it is in such place, lored a little ; the command of an excellent master is even
that the domestic acts, not oftener prompted by command grateful, for the good servant delights to be useful. The than by unbidden labours ; and such unconstrained service se repines ; and such is the domestic destitute of any per- is not like that of those who make a show of their diligence arttachment to his master. He listens but to the
to their inasters, which has been emphatically terined • Eyeles je his freedom in the sound of the “ iron tyrant," as
service.” The passion of domesticity is intense in proporonce a servant called the summoning bell. Whoever loved tion to its contraction. In the great capitals of London the being they feared ? Whoever was mindful of the inters and Paris it is vague and uncertain ; there, mostly, it may ests of him whose beneficence is only a sacrifice to his be deemed Lip-service,' or the art of wheedling ;-it is the pomp? The master dresses and wages highly his pam- blaze of kindled straw losing itself in air ; but, in a more pered train ; but this is the calculated cost of state-liveries, restricted sphere of domestic life, it is a clear and constant of men measured by a standard, for a Hercules in the hall, flame, whose fuel never fails. or an Adonis for the drawing-room; but at those times,
“ It is among the domestic virtues of the middle classes when the domestic ceases to be an object in the public eye,
of life, as the residents of an overgrown metropolis would he sinks into an object of sordid economy, or of merciless deem these more retired families, that we find the servant a caprice. His personal feelings are recklessly neglected. participator in the cares of the household, and an humble He sleeps where there is neither light nor air; he is driven associate with the heads of the family. We discover this when he is already exhausted ; he begins the work of mid
in whole countries where luxury has not removed the night, and is confined for hours with men like himself, classes of society at too wide distances from each other, who fret, repine, and curse. They bave their tales to com
to deaden their sympathies. We behold this in agrestic pare together; their unhallowed secrets to disclose. The Switzerland, among its villages and its pastures; in France, masters and the mistresses pass by them in review, and little among its distant provinces ; in Italy, in some of its de deem they how oft the malignant glance, or the malicious cayed cities; and in Germany, where simple manners, and whisper, follow their airy steps. To shorten such tedious strong affections mark the inhabitants of certain localities. hours, the servants familiarize themselves with every vi-Holland long preserved its primitive customs ; and there the cious indulgence; for even the occupation of such domestics love of order promotes subordination, though its tree instiis little more than a dissolute idleness. A cell in Newgate tutions have softened the distinctions in the ranks of lite ; does not always contain more corruptors than a herd of and there we find a remarkable evidence of domesticity. It their servants congregated in our winter halls. It is to be is not unusual in Holland for servants to call their masters lamented, that the modes of fashionable life demand the uncle, their mistresses aunt, and the children of the family most terrible sacrifices of the health, the happiness, and their cousins. These domestics participating in the comthe morals of servants. Whoever perceives that he is held
forts of the family, become naturalized and domiciliated ; in no esteem, stands degraded in his own thoughts. The and their extraordinary relatives are often adopted by the heart of the simple throbs with this emotion ; but it har
heart. An heroic effort of these domestics has been redens the villain who would rejoice to avenge himself; it corded; it occurred at the burning of the theatre at Ammakes the artful only the more cunning; it extorts from sterdam, where many rushed into the flames, and nobly the sullen a cold unwilling obedience, and it stings even
perished in the attempt to save their endeared families. the good-tempered into insolence.
It is in limited communities that the domestic virtues “ South, as great a wit as a preacher, has separated, by private circles; in such localities there is no publiczno
are most intense; all concentrating themselves in their an awful interval, the superior and the domestic. Fant dwells remote from all knowledge of his lord's pur- public which extorts so many sacrifices from the individual. poses ; he lives as a kind of foreigner under the same roof; Insular situations are usually remarkable for the warm at. a domestic, yet a foreigner too." This exhibits a picture tachment and devoted fidelity of the domestic, and the perof feudal manners, and the title of the master here seems to
sonal regard of families for their servants. This genuine restrict the observation to the aristocratic order."
domesticity is strikingly displayed in the island of Ragusa,
on the coast of Dalmatia ; for here they provide the The picture of the impudence, insolence, do- happiness of the humble friends of the house
. Boys, at an mination, and licentiousness of metropolitan ser early age, are received into families, educated in writing, vants, drawn by this writer, is absolutely revolting reading, and arithinetic. Some only quit their abode, in We turn from it to the brighter side, remarking, which they were almost born, when tempted by the stirbeforehand, that to Switzerland, Germany, and ring spirit of maritime enterprise.
They form a race of Dalmatia, the writer might have added many un
men who are much sought after for servants; and, as I have
heard, the term applied to them of “ Men of the Gulf,” is a tainted districts of England, Scotland, Ireland, sure recommendation of the character for unlimited trust, and Wales. In the Highlands of Scotland, and and unwearying zeal. in Ireland, servants are often provokingly ignorant maidens is a little incident in the history of benevolence,
The mode of providing for the future comforts of their of their business, slothful and dilatory; but this which we must regret is only practised in such limited com, is partly chargeable upon their employers : and munities. Malte Brun, in his “ Annales des Voyages,” the absence of this kind of useful knowledge is has painted a scene of this nature which may read like compensated by qualities of far higher value the some romance of real
. The girls, after a service of growth of which they owe to the character and
ten years, on one great holyday, an epoch in their lives, re. condition of their masters. To the instances which py day, the mistress, and all friends of the family, prepare
ceive the ample reward of their good conduct. On that hapthe writer in the Magazine brings forward of for the maiden a sort of dowery or marriage portion. Every
friend of the house sends some article; and the mistress notes 20 lbs., it may be safely presumed that they will down the gifts that she may return the same on a similar stand in need of no assistance ; and after clearing occasion. The donations consist of silver, of gowns, of handkerchiefs, and other useful articles for a young wo away from the stool the filth contracted by the *man These tributes of friendship are placed beside a silver bees during the winter, it may be replaced as forbasin which contains the annual wages of the servant; her merly, plastering up the skirts; but, on the other relatives from the country come, accompanied by music, hand, if the hive should not weigh more than 15 carrying baskets covered with ribbons, and loaded with lbs., it ought to be supplied occasionally with fruits, and other rural delicacies. They are received by the master himself
, who invites them to the feast, where little honey during March and April; and even in the company assemble, and particularly the ladies. All | May, should the weather prove cold and unfavour. the presents are reviewed. The servant introduced, kneels able. And when such bad weather occurs, let to receive the benedietion of her mistress, whose grateful even those hives who are considered to have plenty task is then to deliver a solemn enumeration of her good of provisions, get an additional supply, as it not - qualities; concluding by announcing to the maiden, that having been brought up in the house, if it be her choice to only enlivens and exhilarates the bees, but makes remain, from henceforwards she shall be considered as one them breed much faster than they would otherwise of the family. Tears of affection often falling during this have done. If the weather is mild, bees begin to beautiful scene of true domesticity, which terminates with a ball for the servants
, and another for the superiors. The carry home loads about the end of February or relatives of the maiden return homewards with their joyous beginning of March ; but much depends whether musicians; and, if the maiden perfers herold domestic abode, the vegetation in the neighbourhood be early or she receives an increase of wages; and at a succeeding period late. The first day or two, perhaps, only three or of six years, another jubilee provides her second good fortune. four loaded bees may be seen entering the hive; Let me tell one more story of the influence of this passion but each day afterwards, if the weather
holds good, of domesticity in the servant ; its merit equals its novelty.
There are In that inglorious attack on Buenos Ayres, where our brave they will increase more and more. soldiers were disgraced by a recreant general, the negroes, some hives at this season of the year, when exslaves as they were, joined the inhabitants to expel the in-amined into, found almost utterly deserted of vaders. On this signal occasion, the city decreed a public their inhabitants, although pretty well stocked in expression of gratitude to the negroes, in a sort of triumph; and, at the same time, awarded the freedom of eighty of their honey, and the bee-master is at a loss to compreleaders. One of them, having shown his claims to the boon, hend the cause; but it is sometimes on account declaring that to obtain his freedom bad all his days formed of their having lost the queen; and when this is the proud object of his wishes, his claim was indisputable: the case, the bees being unable to breed or revet now, however, to the amazement of the judges, he refused plenish their hive with young, eonsequently go his proffered freedom! The reason he alleged was a singular refinement of heartfelt sensibility :-“My kind mistress," to ruin ; and others, by reason of their long consaid the negro, “once wealthy, has fallen into misfortunes in finement, contract disease, become unhealthy, and her infirm old age. I work to maintain her, and at inter- gradually desert and die away. But many, too vals of leisure, she leans on my arm to take the evening air: many, I fear, perish by famine, that dire disease, I will not be tempted to abandon her, and I renounce the which it is in the bee-master's power to avert ; but hope or freedom that she may know she possesses a slave who never will quit her side."
owing to his carelessness and negligence, in not Although I have been travelling out of Europe to furnish attending to their wants, those which might othersome striking illustrations of the powerful emotion of do- wise have been prospering and flourishing hives, mesticity, it is not that we are without instances in the are allowed to perish for lack of food. Particular private history of families among ourselves. I have known more than one, where the servant has chosen to live without
care should also be taken by bee-masters to conwages rather than quit the master or mistress in their de- fine their bees when snow is on the ground, by cayed fortunes; and another where the servant cheerfully fixing in the entry of the hive perforated lead, so worked to support her old lady to her last day..
that they may have sufficient air, as the sun often
tempts them to go abroad, and as soon almost as ON BEES.
they alight upon the snow, they are benumbed, and Bees are insects which claim our attention, as not perish in a short time. In these months, too, when only being interesting and industrious., in them- little honey can be collected from the plants, bees selves, but useful and profitable to mankind. are apt to rove about, pillaging and plundering Therefore, viewing them as such, I shall endeav- weak hives, which are unable to repel them, and our to lay down a few hints to bee-masters which if particular care is not instantly taken to desmay be of some use, especially to those who are pel these robbers, they will soon completely ruin unacquainted with their proper mode of treat a hive. Whenever the least symptom of robbing ment; but at present, I will confine myself to their appears, which is easily distinguished, as crowds management during this and the two subsequent will be seen bustling and fighting at the entry of months, February, March, and April, reserving the hive, and numbers of dead lying before the their treatment during the other parts of the sea- stool ; the robbers ought to be kept off as much son to a future period. Towards the latter end
as possible until the evening, when, if it be a weak of February every hive ought to be lifted from the live, it may be removed to the distance of * mile stool, and its state examined into, both with re or so ; but if the hive be well stocked with bees, gard to its provisions, as well as to the number of it may be allowed to remain on its en try being lesits inhabitants. If the hive weighs nearly about sened, so that no more than one bee can get access
We owe this paper to an anonymous correspondent at a time ; by which means the infested hive may and think it deserving of extensive publication.
easily repel their invaders. Every hive ought to
have a narrow entry in the early part of the year, spring either good morals or a good constitution, we are and may be enlarged as the season 'advances, in pro-bits in the period of taking food. If children are allowed
inclined to recommend the early formation of regular ha portion to their increase, as warmness is of the ut.
to call for food and drink at every half hour when they are most advantage to bees at this period, as they will idle, and fancy they want them, a very bad habit of indulbe enabled to bring forward their young brood much gence will be induced; and as we can never be sure of the faster and earlier.
quantity and kind of the food which they take in, we may expect some morbid changes to take place in the digestive
powers. The regulation of the quality of children's food is MEDICAL SELECTIONS.
of the utmost importance. It is there, more than in quanNo. IV. tity, that indulgent parents are apt to err.
Sweet meats, DIET.
butter, pastry, high-seasoned dishes, and a great variety of Diet may be considered as including all that part of the them, ought not to be allowed to children. Their unsomedical art which gives directions respecting food and drink, they were carefully kept from them, or resolutely denied
phisticated instincts do not desire these things; and if whether for the preservation of health, or the cure of dis-them, we should consult at once their health and their eases. The diet is derived from the animal and vegetable character. Water, or occasionally small beer, should be kingdoms, from each of which a numberless variety of ar- their only drink. A habitual allowance of wine, except as ticles is procured.' By the art of cookery, these are varied a medicine, should be strictly forbidden ; and much more, and combined in an infinite diversity of ways. It is suffi- should rarely be taken by children and young people.
Sauces and condiments
ardent spirits in every shape. ciently evident, by the structure of the teeth of man, of At a more advanced period, as from eighteen to sixty, if his stomach and bowels and of all his organs subservient the health be good, there is scarcely any rule to be given for to digestion, that nature intended him to live on food of diet, except to enjoin moderation. It has been plausibly both kinds, vegetable and animal ; and his limitation or enough inculcated, that we should contine ourselves at
dinner to one dish only, whether it be of fish or other animal abstinence from the one or the other, is to be regulated food. Undoubtedly, this is an excellent advice, conducive solely by his convenience, and by the effect which he finds both to health and temperance, provided a person finds that the different sorts of food to produce on his constitution. his digestion goes on properly ; but many experience, that Animal food, being already, in a great measure, prepared and their stomachs agree best with some variety in the articles rendered similar to our blood, requires less exertion of the of their food, provided that the quantity caken be not tou digestive powers; but it is found to be heating and stimu- copious. The drinks that may be used by adults are very
numerous; some of them have their advantages, others lating, and hence it should never be used in inflammatory their inconveniencies. Water, for the healthy and active, is diseases, or made the principal diet in hut climates. Hence the drink prescribed by nature, and will never injure them ; the northern nations are benefited by a considerable propor- and it is happy for any individual to be quite independent tion of animal food, and the nations between the tropics live of any other drink. But amid the great variety of other much on vegetables. There may be certain diseases and Auids which Providence has bestowed on the industry of
man, there are many that agree well both with the palate habits of body where it may be useful to take a great deal and the constitution, and which, when not taken in excess, of animal food; but this should be co:sidered as a necessary or at improper times, contribute much to his health and remedy, and be always under the direction and superinten- comfort. Good small beer is an excellent drink ; its slight dence of the physician. With respect to the solid or fluid bitterness assists digestion, it is cooling and antiseptic; and it,
in some cases, tends to keep the bowels easy. By those whó nature of diet, we may remark, that it is necessary to
are troubled with flatulence it should be avoided. Ale and healthy digestion, not only to have a proper quantity of porter are considerably nutritious, and should be avoided by nutritive matter given to the stomach, but that there be a
those who are inclined to become corpulent, and who take considerable bulk to give that organ a proper degree of dis- little exercise. Wine is to be preferred to spirits, even tension; it is therefore necessary to add to soups and jellies, when they are much diluted. Though there is much spirit some bread and other matter to give them bulk.
in some wines, yet they contain extractive matter and maci. Of the Dier proper for different ages. The infant is lage, which hinders the spirit from producing the bad effects provided by nature with milk for its nourishment, and faria which it would do in the same quantity obtained by distilla.
tion. Though we cannot wish to encourage the use of arnaceous food may be properly conjoined with it. Little else dent spirits, we admit that, with very many persons, they is required till after the ninth or tenth month. Preparado no harm when taken in small quantity ; but the comtion may now be made for weaning, by giving the child, pendions drunkenness which they produce, presents an with his farinaria, a little animal food; as the juices of veal overpowering temptation, to the vacant and unprincipled or chicken, or lean beef. If the mother's milk evidently mind, to exceed the bounds of moderation; and when these disagrees, and if the farinaceous food produces sourness and are habitually passed, the character and health may be reflatulence, the nurse must either be changed, or a propor- garded as being in the most imminent danger. The different tion of animal food, as gravy or beef, must form a great kinds of spirits, brandy, rum, gin, &c., agree in their genepart of the diet. When the teeth have come in, children ral effects; brandy is best for weak stomachs, and gin for have a desire for other food, and are pleased to exert their those who require the kidneys to be stimulated; but when powers on soft bread or a bit of meat ; and this may be those or the neighbouring organs are irritable, gin is better safely allowed to healthy children. While children are avoided. growing, they have very frequent craving for food, and their
In old age, the diet ought to be less heating than in the stomachs have wonderful powers with respect to the quan- vigour of life. The quantity of animal food should be di. tity they are able to digest. The best proof of the quantity minished, and the stomach should not be overloaded with a not being excessive, is the growth and healthy appearance variety of high-seasoned food and dressed dishes. Though of the child, his being lively and active at play soon after the relish for wine is less, it should be continued, in moderhis meal, and his sleep being easy and uninterrupted. It may ate quantity, for its cordial effects. be plausibly urged as the dictite of nature, that we should The diet in cold climates should be more generous and not hinder children from eating as often as they choose, nourishing than in warm climates ; spices and wines are and at whatever periods. But as the mind and body must proper; and in the bleak and mountainous parts of our be brought under many restraints, if we wish for our off-Caledonian regions, the inhabitants use with impunity a
quantity of ardent spirits, which appears enormous to their • Macauley's Popular Medical Dictionary.