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David's dame had, in the course of her experience, often have neither hearts to harden nor souls to ensnare, like 2n a comfortable supper prove a very agreeable diversion puir simple bairns.”
polemical discourse. Not so on this evening. The ar After delivering his testimony against this enormity, went between the learned patriarchis on the oaken settle which was at that time quite a recent innovation, Mr.
the chimney-neuk, waxed hotter and hotter, and the Gidion proceedel, as was his custom wherever he spent the ack pudding, colder and colder, to her secret grief, and at night, to exainine the young people and servants of the fa
open discontent; for Mrs. Fennick, though the bosom mily, in their attaimnents in the Assembly's Shorter Ca. cpanion of a self-denying saint, had a housewife's natur. techism, and on their general religious knowledge.The pride in her black, and in her white puddings; and Gi-venerable head of the house had no reason to be ashamed D fell considerably in her good graces from his open dis- of this exhibitiou. Whatever were their musical abberraout to her good things. Had he sojourned but two days tions, they had been trained up in “the way they should gar in her frugal household, he would probably have re go ;” and there was good hope that they might never “demered this lost ground, and gained the more lasting and part from it.” The boy who had conned his Latin lesson stantial praise of being “ easily shot bye wi' his vic- by the fire, the embryo preacher, next went over his penna ils"-As it was, she cried “ Patience !" and turned the and doceo, to the infinite delight of his mother. Even stern
David grinned complacent, and owned “human lear was Ibe subject for which her savoury messes were on this nae doubt a mcan,” and melted into entire delight. when ht permitted to freeze, was one which, though foreign to his little favourite son, the rosy, smiling, curly-haired story, afterwards shook the church of Sourholes to its Davie, with a good deal of kindly prompting from mother, adation, and involved the latter days of its presiding sister, maiden, and brother, herd, and ploughman, in lispmile in much trouble and turmoil.
ing accents went through his infant manual, and told There was no Cameronian meeting within twenty miles “ Who made him,"and “Who redeemed him," very correctly. David Fennick's dwelling of Mossbrettles. The ancient “ And who was the strongest mun, Davie ?" krents to this nommade faith, remained at home on Sab “ Sainson !" replied Davie. “ We ha'e a big grey Samis and read their bibles, when they could not attend the son, the cart aver.” die worship of their own sect; but the younger mem. “ Very right, Davie,” said Gideon." And who was the por David's family, had, of late, strayed into the neigh- wisest man?" iring parish-church-at first covertly, but now with less “ Absalom !" cried Davie, undauntedly. b for concealment. There they had, among other defile “O fie!" whispered the mother-“ So-Sol-o-" Bla, acquired a taste for a sort of church-music, certainly “ Solomon !" shouted Davie, triumphantly. so very alluring kind, but totally different from that to “Very right!" ich their venerable chief had been accustomed. To carry “ And he'll no be four till Candlemas !" whispered the ilo nestic plaguies to the climax, Orpheus, assuming the mother, aside. puise of a yellow lank weaver from the Riccartown of “ And who was the meekest man, Davie ?" bardock, * fashed wi' a stamack coinplaint,” had
« Job." d into the parish, and, in widow Bonalie's public, “ Hush, Davie_fie!" cried the sister. up an evening class for teaching this new-fangled psal. “But it was though just Moses," cried Davie, dealing 5. la an evil hour David was teased into granting her a playful blow, with the petulance of a spoiled, lively, mission of his children to attend ; and now, instead of and clever child. pold reverend way of twanging out the psalm, line by Old David knitted his stern brows over this infant trick
stbeir rants," David said, “ ran straight on, run-line" of the carnal heart in his beloved child. As invading, in fact destroying for ever, his immutable “ That was na right, my little man," said kind Gideon, Srilege of doling it out line by line, rather than suffer in grave rebuke; and Davie looked alarmed, and with some interruption or suspension of their own “ most sweet
“ But we must make a passover ; for puir Davie
sees his fau't. Think first now-what they call the GudeThe controversy was still novel to Mr. Gideon; and we man of Mossbrettles, and tell me “Who was the man acdo him the justice to say, that, notwithstanding his cording to God's owu heart ?!” Hy prejudices and associations were all on the side of the “ Wee Davie's ain Daddy David,” cried the cunning and sitt antique method of chanting the psalms, his natur- affectionate little rogue, throwing himself into his father's
Candid spirit and sincere understanding rated the sub arms ; and old David involuntarily kissed his brow, his at its true importance ; and David found a much less grey eyes glistening, and after a short fervid clasp, put him alons partisan than he had reckoned upon.--He indeed hastily away, as if ashamed of this emotion of natural afAk bu: an indifferent part in the afflictions of David. fection. ** Is it not written-there shall be line upon line?” “ Ye think me like auld Eli, minister,” said he. And inned David, the thin white locks that straggled over his he instantly walked forth to meditate, and question of his le sunken templez trembling in the eagerness of his con own relaxed spirit, and screw up his resolution to chastise Druosial zeal.-“ What's your opinion of that scripture, wee Davie. Inisier
The little victim, when invited to a private conference in * And is it not written-- Praise ye continually-make his father's dormitory, first had his supper to eat, and then jovful noise?” said Robert, the siniling champion of St. his prayers to say-and, finally, appealed to his mother, ita and her new lighis.
who, rebellious as her heart was, durst not for her life have Gideon was smitten to the heart's core with what he interfered between her stern lord and his just displeasure; Saiy pronounced this Pharisnical Jesuitical wark_“ And so the poor trembler disappeared, Gideon's heart yearning o is mine! David,” he cried, " to hear this din about robes
The calm expostulating voice of David 119 phylac:eries taking place o' the weightier matters of the heard for some time, and the low thick sob of Davie,
and that in a corner of the vineyard ance fair and then rose the voice of one in earnest prayer, and there was prishing. But I'll tell ye, gudeman, what has filled me a moment's pause, followed by Davie's shrill scream of Ith shame to hear, and grief, and indignation. In Glas “Oh! father, father!-reason wi' me, and shew me my po yonder, eren in kirks pretending to be reformed, bands crror, a wee whilie langer ;" but the inexorable scourge des feingiaz bairns--they shame not to call them choirs— scended rapidly, perhaps severely; for David Fennick was Mies and lassies liltiog away at the praises of their no joker in any business to which he seriously thought that Kaier, and as if it were an auld balland or a ratt-rhyme ; duty called him. and this they call leading the worship of a Presbyterian Such was the stern discipline of Scotland in those days. uzregation, in the most hallowed and heaven-like exer A great deal has since been said for and against the use of of praise themselvey a' dumb! If we inaun ha’e a
the rod. We have recorded wee Davie Mossbrettles' opi. Prish preluding, take to the kist fu' o' whistles at ance, nion, as decidely in favour of prayer and reasoning, and Report. Tinkling brass wire, and sounding timber boards, against stripes.
Davie was put to bed ; and David the older again walk
TRADITION OF THE NORSEMEN. ed out to compose his spirit.
The Norsemen were the more prone to superstitions, bet Some pious neighbours had, by this time, come in to ga cause it was a favourite fancy of theirs that, in many ile ther the manna chance-dropt in this wilderness. Preachers stances, the change from life to death altered the temperat and Probationers were often enough coming to Mossbrettles ; the human spirit from benignant to malevolent ; or pr. but it was not every night that a truc-hlue unmingled Ca- haps, that when the soul left the body, its departure wa meronian minister, of the fame of Mr. Haliburton, tarried occasionally supplied by a wicked demon, who took the op there. David, this night, “ had gotten a Levite for his portunity to enter and occupy its late habitation. priest," and felt his personal consequence augmented ac Upon such a supposition the wild fiction that follors cordingly. So he beckoned forward his modest guests to probably grounded ; which, extravagant as it is, jos *** chairs, and stools, and tubs overturned to make seats, with something striking to the imagination. Saxo Grammatic exactly the patronizing feelings of a fine lady, who has tells us of the fame of two Norse princes or chiefs, wbe caught and lionized a fashionable poct or singer, for the formed what was called a brotherhood in arms, imping amusement of her friends and the eclat of her rout, and of not only the firmest friendship and constant support, dr its celebration-paragraph in the Morning Post of the next all the adventures which they should undertake in life, day. How essentially the same, after all, are the enjoy.. binding them by a solemn compact, that after the le ments of the great human family, however their external of either, the survivor should descend alive inte manifestations and their moral influences may vary. sepulchre of his brother-in-arms, and consent to be bet
The seeds of poetry in Gideon's character, were not un- along with him. The task of fulfilling this dreadfel frequently displayed in his selection of a portion of scripture pact fell upon Asmund, his companion, Assueit, having to be read, or of the psalm to be sung. On this night, slain in battle. The tomb was formed after the aut from this humble rustic group, a small farmer and a few northern custom, in what was called the age of hills poor Scottish cotters, from the bosom of the barren moor, is, when it was usual to bury persons of distinguished there rose to heaven, slowly chanted, line by line, one of or rank on some conspicuous spot, which was crowne the most beautiful lyrics that ever was composed, jndging a mound. With this purpose a deep narrow fault of it merely as a literary composition-the 104th Psalm-constructed, to be the apartment of the future tomb og the hymn of Universal nature to the Universal Creator ! which the sepulchral heap was to be piled. Here tint Far higher than this was Gideon's standard of judging the posited arms, trophies, poured forth, perhaps, the blued inspired writings.
victims, introduced into the tomb the war-horses or A simple, scriptural, earnest, and affectionate prayer, champions, and when these rites had been duly paid. almost as comprehensive as the hymn which had been body of Assueit was placed in the dark and narrow be sung, forgetting no class nor condition of sentient beings while his faithful brother-in-arms entered and sat downl - concluded the domestic exercise; and when the group the corpse, without a word or look which testified regnt rose from their knees, Robert, David's eldest son, "a noble unwillingness to fulfil his fearful engagement. The el! peasant," grasped the minister's hand and said
who had witnessed this singular interment of the devi “ Your ain, sir, and my father's aulil-fashioned sughin' living, rolled a huge stone to the mouth of the tomh, out o' the plaintive Dundee, and the noble Martyrs, dinnel piled so much earth and stones above the spot as mudi stronger on the heart-strings after a', than a' their crinkum mound visible from a great distance, and then, with crankum new tunes."
lamentation for the loss of such undaunted leaders, “Robert, my man, if ye are led to think sаe it is weel,” dispersed themselves like a flock which has lost its shephen replied Gideon. “ So grieve not the grey-haired man i' the Years passed away after years, and a century had elanie neuk, whose soul has travailed for the weal o' yours, ay ere a noble Swedish rover, bound upon some high adre when sweet sleep has sealed your ain eye-lids. Keep ye by ture, and supported by a gallant band of followers artie these holy harmonies, wi' whilk the wail of the curlew and in the valley which took its name from the tomb of the plover, and the roar of the linn ha'e chimed in yon brethren-in-arms. The story was told to the strang brave day: yea, the sweet melodies that rose in the night- whose leader determined on opening the sepulchre, te watches, like myrrh and frankincense, and the rich spices, because, as already hinted, it was reckoned an heroic artit frae these very moss-hags, and coves, and cleuchs round to brave the anger of departed heroes by violating about us, whither the red arm o' persecution had driven tombs ; partly to attain the arms and swords of proof forth the stout true hearts o' covenanted Ayr, and favoured which the deceased had done their great actions. He said Gallowa'-Ayx, whose plants were as an orchard of pome- soldiers to work, and soon removed the earth aalto granates with pleasant fruits. Alack! that the canker- from one side of the mound, and laid bare the entrany, Worm should creep in—that they should either dwine or die!” | the stoutest of the rovers started back, when, instead of t
This honest ancestral eulogy was highly acceptable to silence of a tomb, they heard within horrid cries, the every present ear. But the puddings smoking hot were now of swords, the clang of armour, and all the noise of a me served with the mashed potatoes, together with a jorum of tal combat between two furious champions. A young stont, home-brewed, harvest ale, of which David partook rior was let down into the profound tomb by a cord, ube very sparingly, Robert and Mr. Gideon with greater free was drawn up shortly after, in hopes of news from bir dom.--Another hour passed in sober but social talk on But when the adventurer descended, some one thres i public and family affairs. Gideon was pleased to hear that from the cord, and took his place in the noose. his friend David's “ temporals" prospered, and that he was rope was pulled up, the soldiers, instead of their compa willing and eager to lend his carts, during the winter, to beheld Asmund, the survivor of the brethren-in-arure. drive stones for the purpose of erecting a meeting-house in rushed into the open air, his sword drawn in his hana', the vicinity. The honest man chose a private minute to armour half torn from his body, the left side of his fa confess to Gideon his sinful yearnings over the “ bairn, wee most scratched off, as by the talons of some wild beast. Davie;" but honest Gideon slurred that offence on the pre- had no sooner appeared in the light of day, than, with sent occasion, and, in spite of the “ carts,” rather warned | improvisatory poetic talent, which these champions his friend against " worldliness,” and “covetousness," and united with heroic strength and bravery, he poured fota 6 spiritual pride,” than any excess of natural tenderness. string of verses containing the history of his hundred yet From these sins David Fennick was certain that he stood conflict within the tomb. It seems that no sooner was ! wholly clear.
sepulchre closed, than the corpse of the slain Assueit o tehty The whole family now retired to rest—to that “quiet from the ground, inspired by some ravenous goule, and 1.99 sleep" for which Gideon had prayed—that quiet sleep which, ing first torn to pieces and devoured the horses which in the words of his petition, “ is Thy gift to Thy chosen been entornbed with them, threw himself upon the *** ones!"
panion who had just given him such a sign of pt 1 And thus was closed the night in a small Scotch Far friendship, in order to treat him in the same manner. Men's HA'!
bero, no way discountenanced by the horrors of his situatie
took to his arms, and defended himself manfully against It is difficult to determine, whether, when people are Assueit, or rather against the evil demon who tenanted huddled together in this unnatural state, this sort of that champion's body. In this manner the living brother soldier-like discipline may, or may not, be necessary to waged a preternatural combat, which had endured during a effect the purposes of schooling ; but I should think whole century, when Asmund, at last obtaining the victory, it a very strange thing, if a man, calculated to proprostrated his enemy, and by driving, as he boasted, a stake duce effect by his learning, could ever come to perfecthrough his body, had finally reduced him to the state of tion from a beginning like this. It is altogether a thing quiet becoming a tenant of the tomb. Having chanted the I abhor. I do not say that it may not be useful when triumphant account of his contest and victory, this mangled people are thus unnaturally congregated ; and, above all conqueror fell dead before them. The body of Assucit was things, I am not disposed to bestow censure on the motives taken out of the tomb, burnt, and the ashes dispersed to of the parties promoting this mode of education ; for the hearen ; whilst that of the victor, now lifeless, and without sacrifices which they make, in order to give success to their a companion, was deposited there, so that it was hoped his schemes, clearly prove that their motives are benevolent; slumbers might remain undisturbed. The precautions but I am not the less convinced that it is a melancholy taken against Assueit's reviving a second time, remind us thing to behold; that it is the reverse of domestic life; of those adopted in the Greek Islands, and in the Turkish that it reverses the order of nature ; that it makes minds a provinces, against the Vampire. It affords also a deriva- fiction ; and, which is amongst the greatest of its evils, tion of the ancient English law in case of suicide, when a it fashions the rising generation to habits of implicit substake was driven through the body, originally to keep it mission, which is only another term for civil and political secure in the tomb.—Sir Walter Scott.
slavery. However, the consolation is, that it is impossible
that it ever should become anything like general in any COBBETT'S ACCOUNT OF NEW LANARK.
nation. The order of the world demands that nine-tenths BEING at New Lanark, I was rather curious to know of the people should be employed on, and in the affairs of whether there were any reality in what we heard about the the land ; being so employed, they must be scattered about effects of the Owen "feelosophy," I had always understood widely; and there must be homes and domestic life for the that he had been the author of his own great fortune, and the far greater part of the rising generation. When men confounder of this village ; but I found that the establishment tract a fondness for anything which has a great deal of nohad been founded by a Mr. Dale, who had had two or three velty and of strangeness in it; when they brood over the daughters with great fortunes; that Mr. Owen had got one contemplation of some wonderful discovery which they of these danghters, and one of these fortunes: that Mrs. think they have made ; when they suffer it long to absorb Owen has been dead for some years; that the concern had all the powers of their minds; when they have been in long been in other hands; that the only part of it which this state for any considerable length of time, they really was erer of his invention, was a large building, in which become mad, as far as relates to the matter which has thus the“ feelosofical” working people were intended to eat and absorbed all their mental faculties; and they think themdrink in common; that they never did this; that there selves more wise than all the rest of mankind, in exact had been a place at some distance from Lanark, fixed upon proportion to the degree of their madness. It is unfortufor the execution of the “ Owen Plan;" that a large space nate enough when follies of this sort lead only to disaphad been surrounded with a high stone wall for the pur- pointment and ridicule; but the parties become objects of prose; that the scheme had been abandoned ; and that the real compassion, when the eccentric folly produces dissiveall had been taken down, and sold as old stones ! The pation of fortune, and the ruin of families. building, in New Lanark, which Owen had crected for the « feelosophers" to carry on their community of eating and
CURE FOR A CRIPPLE. drinking, is used as a school room ; and here I saw boys in It happened on a Sunday evening, about thirty years one place, and girls in another place, under masters ap- ago, that two sheep-stealers had meditated an attempt on the pointed for the purpose, carrying on what is called “ edu- flock of a wealthy farmer in the parish of A-, in the cation." There was one boy pointing with a stick to some west neuk of Fife. The sheep were grazing in a park adthing stuck up upon the wall, and then all the rest of the joining the village churchyard, and hard by the public boys began bawling out what that was. In one large road. The eldest and most experienced of the depredators root they were all singing out something at the word of recommended that only one of them should go in among command, just like the tribe of little things in Bolt Court, the sheep, as it would not alarm them so much as two. who there stun the whole neighbourhood with singing Accordingly the younger thief was dispatched to bring a « God Save the King," “ The Apostles' Creed,” and the sheep, while the other went into the churchyard, and sat ** Pence Table," and the fellow, who leads the lazy life in down upon a through-stone to amuse himself till his comthe teaching of whom, ought to be sent to raking the ken- panion returned. Now it so happened that John, the minDel, or filling a dung cart. In another great apartment of ister's man, had forgot to take home the Bible from the this house, there were eighteen boys and eighteen girls, the church, after the service of the day was over, which ne3-oys dressed in Highland dresses, without shoes on, naked glect was not perceived until the minister called for the trom three inches a bove the knee, down to the foot, a tar. books to perform the duty of family worship, when John tan plaid close round the body, in their shirt sleeves, their was immediately sent to the church for the Bible. John
Buirt collars open, each having a girl by the arm, duly pro- not being possessed of a very daring spirit, and it being a portioned in point of size, the girls without caps, and with dark winter night, was not very fond of visiting the abodes
ut shoes and stockings; and there were these cighteen of the dead at such an hour ; but when he arrived at the Couples, marching, arm in arm, in regular files, with a churchyard gate, and got a glimpse of the man sitting on Jack-step, slow march, to the sound of a fiddle, which a the through-stone, his hair stood on end, and his fears soon fellow, big enough to carry a quarter of wheat, or to dig conjured the thief into a demon. Without more ado he en roods of ground in a day, was playing in the corner of wheeled about, and made the best of his way to the manse, i de room, with an immense music book lying open before where he related his wonderful story, telling them that he luim. There was another man who was commanding ofi. saw the devil sitting on a grave breaking dead bones. An oer of the marching couples, who, after having given us a old cripple mendicant, who was quartered at the manse march in quick step as well as slow-step, were disposed off during the Sabbath, (for the minister, contrary to the gein dancing oriler, a business that they seemed to perform neral character of his brethren, was a very charitable man,) with great regularity and elegance; and it was quite im- heard John telling his appalling story, laughed at him, possible to see the half-naked lads of twelve or thirteen, saying, “if I was as able to gang as you, I would soon putting their arms round the waists of the thinly-clad girls bring the Bible."_“Well,” says John, “ if you will accomof the same age, without clearly perceiving the manifest pany me, I will carry you on my back, and we'll may-be tendency of this mode of education, to prevent “ premature be able to bring the Bible atween us." The beggar agreed, marriages, and to “ check population."
and mounted John accordingly, after he had wrapped him
EDINBURGH: Printed by and for Joux JOHNSTONE, 19, St. James's
Square.-Published by JOIN ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, 55, North
We wou i
self in his grey plaid. When they came within view of the whole community for the exclusive benefit of the pro. the thief, John would very fain have turned, but the beggar prietors of Bank and East India Stock, and solijact a!! spurred him on, until they came within a very short dis- commerce to be deranged by the caprice of individuals, tance of him, when he supposing it to be his comrade against which open and public and general compulition is coming with a sheep on his back, exclaimed, “Is he a fat the only sure and certain guarantee. We would destroy ane?" John, whose heart was quaking before, on hearing the corn laws, because they cheat the farmer with a hode this question put to him, could no longer resist his incli- of prices he never realizes, and make him promise a hiube nation to turn; he threw the old man off his back, saying, rent than he can pay--berause they tend to starve the “ Be he fat or be he lean, there he is to ye,” and run what poor and impoverish the opulent manufaclurers--and be. he was able. The mendicant, finding that he was thus cause they do not even benefit those landlords when left to his own resources to appease the devil as he could, they merely flatter with preserving for them a nominal mustered all his strength ; and, strange to tell, his legs that superiority which must come to an end. had refused to perform their office for many a long year destroy the power of parsons and other justices to interbefore, were suddenly strengthened ; he soon went past fere with all the pastimes and amusements of the pecpłe, John, and regained the mause before him, and was never because that interference never has been exercised without lame afier.
souring the minds of the people, and making them feel
deadly hatred for all those who appear to enjoy pleasures SCRAPS.
they are not permitted to share. We would destroy every
pension not earned by useful public services. We would DEATH OF LOGAN THE INDIAN CHIEF -An old destroy every public office which is not indispensable for officer of the United Statesfarmy, who, soon after the the real service of the public; limiting the whole action close of the revolutionary war, was ordered to make sur of the Government to the one great duty of protecting veys of the country watered by the Alleghany river, in the property of individuals. --Brighton Guardian. formed me that Logan's nephew, a remarkably fine young Nloral. AND Political Erfects of Railways IX Esa. Indian, dined with him one day in his tent, and that he LAND.-The moral and political consequences of so great 3 asked him what became of Logan. I killed him, was the change in the powers of transition of persons and intelligence reply: Why did you kill hin? The nation ordered it froin place to place, are not easily calculated. The concentraFor what reason? He was too great a man to live : he
tion of mind and exertion which a great metropolis always ex• talked so well, that although the whole nation had in bibits, will be extended in a considerable degree to tirable tended to put any plan in execution, yet, if Logan did not
realm. The same effect will be produced as if all distures approve of it, he would soon gain a majority in favour of ness of transit are increased. 'Towns, at present removent sore
were lessened in the proportion in which the speed and obtaphis opinions. Was he not then generally in the right? stages from the metropolis, will become its suburbs; others Often; but his influence divided the nation too much. Why now at a day's journey, will be removed to its immediate vici. did they choose you to put him to death? If any one else nity ; business will be carried on with as much ease between had done it I certainly would have killed him: I, who am them and the metropolis, as it is now between distant propos his nephew, shall inherit his greatness. Will they not then of the metropolis itself. The ordinary habitations of various kill you also ? Yes : and when I become as great a man classes of citizens engaged in active business in the towns, will as Logan (laying his hand on his breast with dignity) I be at what now are regarded considerable distances from the shall be content to die! He added, that he had shot him places of their occupation. The salubrity of cities will thue le near the Alleghany river. When informed of the resolu- increased by (superseding the necessity of heaping the inhali tion of the council of his nation, Logan stopped his horse, by enabling the town population to spread itself over a larger
tants togeiher, storey upon storey, within a confined space; and drew himself up in attitude of great dignity, and received
extent of surface, without incurring the inconvenience of ; the fatal ball without a murmur.- l'ignas's Six Months Let those who discard spe-ulations like them, as will in America.
and improbable, recur to the state of publie opinion at to wers NEGLECTED Merit.— Robinson Crusoe was hawked remote period, on the subject of steam navigation, within the about through the trade as a work of neither mark nor memory of persons who have not yet passed the mardian of likelihood, and at last accepted, as a proof of especial con life, the possibility of traversing by the stram engine the rhandescension, by an obscure retail bookseller. It is singular, nels and seas that surround and intersect these islands, was ter but not the less true, and we leave our readers to draw their garded as the dream of enthusiastsNautical men, and mea af own inference from the fact, that aimost crery book science, rejected such speculations with equal incredulity, and of any pretensions to originality liaz bren similarly neg- could for a moment entertain them. Yet we have witae lected. "Paradise Lost, with dificulty, found a publisher, steam-cogines traversing, not these channels and seas algae ben while the whole trade vied with cach other in their sweeping the face of the waters round every couse in Europese eagerness to procure the works of such dull mechanical and even ploughing the great oceans of the world. If stezen.be writers as Black more and Clover; Gulliver's Travels lay not used as the only means of connecting the most distant habito ten years in MS. for wast of due encouragement from the able points of our planet, it is not because it is inadequate to booksellers; and in our own times, and in a lighter branch the accomplishment of that end, but
because locul anul accidi cf literature, the Miseries of Human Life, and the still more tal causes limit the supply of that material, from which, at :** ingenious Rejected Addresses, were refused by the trade present moment, it derives its powers. - Edinburgh Reuzes. with indifference, if not contempt. To crown the list of works thus misunderstood, Sir W. Scott has left it on record, that Waverley was actually declined three several
Books of the Month... times by the acutest publisher of his day; and at last ushered
VERSES FOR THE YOUNG-A Son to his Mother Diary of a into the world, after it had lain twelve years unnoticed Sporting Oxonian... in its author's desk, with doubt, hesitation, and indifier
Babbage's Calculating Machine...........**
The Death of the Old Year............ THE DESTRUCTIVE TAXES.-- We would destroy, the Condition of Banished Couvict... instant it was possible, the house and window tax. because
The Story-Teller. -Scottish Manners The Farmer s Ha' in 3
December night ... they are unequal, and the people hate them. We would destroy the malt tax and the hop duty, because they im. Cobbett's Account of New Lanark-Cure for a Cripple. pede the cultivation of the land, and subject tradesmen and
Scraps. - Death of Logan the Indian Chiel Neglectet Menit
The Destructive Taxes-Moral and Political effects of Hail. farmers to a rigorous and despotic system of excise. le
ways in England.... would destroy the tax on soap, because it is a bounty on dirt and disease; as we would destroy the Taxes on K.10wJedge, because they are bounties on ignorance and error. We would destroy the monopolies of the Bank of Eng. laud, and of the East India Company, because they tax of Cheap Periodicals
CONTENTS OF No. XXIII
Tradition of the Norsemen...
EDINBURGH WEEKLY MAGAZINE,
CONDUCTED BY JOHN JOHNSTONE.
THE SCHOOL MASTER IS ABROAD. LORD BROUGHAM.
No. 24.-VOL. II. SATURDAY, JANUARY 12, 1833.
about 16, supplied by some poor institution in This is not the first time that we have endeavour- this city, were there employed :ed, in the pages of the Schoolmaster, to draw atten Usually, for how long a time did they stop ?-I could not tion to the miserable condition of the greater num
say for how long a time ; there were always some of them ber of the children employed in factories. To bring deserting, and being brought back. facts under notice, and keep them constantly in view, kept in the establishment, they having to labour to such
Speaking of those long hours, how were the children is, we are persuaded, all that is required to excite interest and sympathy in the public mind, and pro- constantly standing posture ; no leave was allowed for
an extent as you have described ? They were kept in a cure some amelioration of the wretchedness of those
sitting. unfortunate children. The circumstances brought
Were they confined to that sort of work ?_Yes, the doors out in the examinations before the Committee of the were all locked, both with check and turnkey. House of Commons, exceed any thing we had pre They were locked up while at their labour ?_Yes. viously conceived. They speak trumpet-tongued, Did they sleep upon the premises ?-Yes, it was upon the and any thing we might urge would but weaken very same premises that they slept ; the houses were all the impression they are calculated to produce connected. upon every heart that retains human feeling. Were those who were immediately under the control of By the extracts we give, it will be seen, that the the manager guarded all night ?-Yes ; there were irongrand objection against legislative interference is staunched windows, and the master himself, or his son, at. nugatory; for it is not the sacred relation of pa, their suppers ; so that they had no chance of escaping till
tended to locking them up at night, whenever they got rent and child that would be disturbed or tampered the morning, when he released them for their next day's with, but the connexion between the community, and
employment. the children thrown upon its funds or its charity. These poor children are generally the offspring of It was always one of the song that staid at home and
How were they taken care of on the Sundays, then ?-misfortune or vice, to whom early death would guarded them on Sunday ; he would not suffer them to go appear to be a positive blessing, as the only ap- to Church. parent means of rescuing them from degradation, Were the children and young persons kept down to that suffering, and ultimately crime. We blush to say, work by chastisement ?_Yes. that the most flagrant instances of this systematic Were they severely chastised ? Frequently they were ; cruelty that have yet transpired, have been for the least fault they were struck and abused. traced to Scotland: nor does it mend the matter You were speaking about children being prevented from to find Scottish Members of Parliament (Mr. R. deserting by being locked up ; was it often that children Fergusson, and Mr. Morrison) strenuously oppos- made an attempt to escape ? –Yes, if they got the least oping the extension of the provisions of Mr. Sadler's portunity.
Where were the hands that did not sleep in the mill sent Bill to this country, upon the ground, that with us there exists no necessity for legislative inter- 50 yards from the mill.
at pight ? - The houses which the hands slept in were about ference, so comfortable and happy are all the factory children in Scotland! This, we hope and believe,
What were they called ?-Bothies.
In any of those Bothies were the boys and girls mixed up was said in ignorance, but it is most culpable ig- indiscriminately at night ? -Yes ; I myself with six boys, norance. Our extracts of evidence are confined was in one apartment, with oldish girls. to-day to the Scotch Mills, and to the testimony What were the ages of those boys so locked up ?-From of one individual, Alexander Dean, an overseer of 14 to 16. a lax mill at Dundee, who has had considerable And what were the ages of the females ?-From 12 to experience in those scenes of disgusting harshness 14. and cruelty. The first mill he entered was Dun. And you state that they were turned indiscriminately truin, near Dundee, He was then thirteen. There into the same Bothy ?-Yes. they worked not less than 17 hours a-day, exclu And locked up there all night ?-Yes. sive of meals. The master's name was Braid. Ho next got into employment at Birdevy Mill, Four or five orphans, all that were left alive of near Dundee, where he was cardwinder, and