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of that shabby, but now honoured town-to. Cowper's “I fear 80 ;---Well Sam, civilly, but rather formally, abode : -no poet's fabled retirement, embowered in sylvan neither like a footman of parts nor of figure, mentions. solitudes, by wild wandering brook or stately river's brink, that John Cox, the parish clerk of All Saints' Parish, skirted with hanging woods, or vine-clad steeps, or tower- Northampton, waits in the kitchen for those obituary verses ing mountains. Here is the parlour."—“ But pray stop, engrossed with the annual bill of mortality, which Mr. sir,” cried Sophia, “that dull house had its pleasant ac- Cowper had for some years furnished on his solicitation. cessories ; have you forgot the greenhouse, the plants, the “Ay, Sam,---say I will be ready for him in a few migoldfinches ; that pleasant window, looking over the neigh-nutes, and give the poor man a cup of beer,' said the courbour's orchard ?-and what so beautiful as an orchard, teous poet. I must firgt read the verses to you, Mary,', when the white plum-blossom has come full out, and the continued he, as Sam left the parlour ; ' you are my critic, pink apple flowers are just budding !"

my Sam Johnson, and Monthly Reviewer :'---and he reads « And Bean, and Tiney," cried Fanny.

those fine verses beginning, 'He who sits from day to “ I have forgot none of these things, my dears, said Mr. day.' Dodsley. Only I fear that to see them, as Cowper saw them, I like them, Mr. Cowper,' said his calm friend ; and we must have a poet's glass ; an instrument of higher that was praise enough.---John Cox was ushered in, brushed powers than a Claude Lorraine glass, and clothing every his eye hastily over the paper, scraped with his foot, and object with softer, or warmer, or sunnier hues than even said he dared to say these lines might do well enough. that pretty toy :-Where could that be bought, Fanny ?" The gentleman he employed before was so learned, no one “ Indeed, sir, I don't know," said Fanny.

in the parish understood him. And Cowper smiles, and “ We may borrow one for a day, or a few hours or so," says, “ If the verses please, and are not found too learned, said Sophia, smiling intelligently.

he hopes Mr. Cox will employ him again.' “ It is but fair to use Mr. Cowper's glass in viewing his « And now the postboy's horn is heard, and Sam hies own pictures, and Mrs. Unwin's spectacles, in judging of forth. Mr. Cowper is not rich enough to buy news papers; her domestic comforts," said the Curate. “ There is the but his friends don't forget him, nor his tastes. Whenparlour ;-it looks doubly snug to-night. Now you are ever any thing likely to interest his feelings occurs in the to recollect ladies and gentlemen, that this scene passes on busy world, some kind friend addresses a paper to Olney. a night when Mr. Hastings' trial is proceeding ; and while Thus he keeps pace with the world, though remote from Lord Thurlow is busy and distracted in his bureau. Tea its stir and contamination. He reads aloud another poris over-the hares are asleep on the rug.-—Bean, the spaniel, tion of the trial of Hastings, most reluctant as friend and lies in tbe bosom of Bess, the maukin. On the table lie as Christian to believe his old school-fellow the guilty some volumes of voyages, which Mrs. Hill has this day blood-dyed oppressor that he is here described. He reads sent from Londou to Mr. Cowper, with a few rare, West the heads of a bill brought in by the Lord Chancellor to India seeds for his greenhouse, as he calls it. There is a change, to extend rather, the criminal code of the counkind but short letter from her husband, Cowper's old friend ; try ; and says, passionately, " Will they never try pre- for he too, is a busy man in the courts, though not Lord ventive means ? There is no flesh in man's obdurate heart, Chancellor and there is a polite note from herself. There it doth not feel for man.' He skims the motley contents has also been a letter from Mr. Unwin this evening, a very of the little folio of four pages,' gathering the goings kind one, filial and confidential, Mr. Cowper's cumbrous on of the great Babel, as food for future rumination; and writing apparatus is on the table, for he has not yet got his he would have read the speech of the Chancellor, had not neat, handy, writing-desk from Lady Hesketh. His for more important concerns carried him away,—for old John mer writing-table had become crazy, and paralytic in its Queeney, the shoemaker in the back street, longs to see old limbs ; but to-night, he has, by a happy thought of Mr. Cowper by his bed-side. Mr. Newton, John's minMrs. Unwin's got that forgotten card-table lugged down ister, is in London; and though John and Mr. Cowper are from the lumber garret, and he shakes it, finds it steady, in nowise acquainted, saving seeing each other in church, and rejoices over it. And now the fire is trimmed for the there are dear ties and blessed hopes common to both ; sa evening ; the candles are snuffed ; they shew a print of Cowper goes off immediately. But since Mrs. Unwin in Mr. Newton, and a few prints of other rather ugly, grim. sists that it is a cold damp night, he takes his great-coat, looking, evangelical ministers, and black profile shades of though only to please her, and Sam marches before with some of Mrs. Unwin's friends. Yet all looks comfortable the lantern. John Queeney has but one poor room, Sam and feels pleasant to the inmates for this is their home. would be an intruder there ; and as it is harsh to have or that magic, transfiguring word ! but this home is indeed him wait in the street, like the attendant or horses of a a peaceful and a happy one.

fine lady, Sam is sent home by his amiable master. “ Mr. Cowper relates to his companion the events of his “ When, in an hour afterwards, Mr. Cowper returns, long, morning ramble,-a rambling narrative ; simple, de- he tells that John Queeney is dying, and will probably not scriptive, somewhat pathetic too, nor unrelieved by a few see over the night; that he is ill indeed, but that the King delicate touches of Cowper's peouliar humour. And she and the nobles of England might gladly exchange states. listens all benevolent smiles to his ventures, happened in with that poor shoemaker, in the back street of Olney :meadow and mire-or o'er hills, through valleys, and by his warfare was accomplished ! Mrs. Uuwin understands rivers' banks;' and, in her turn, tells him of two poor him; she breathes a silent inward prayer, for her dying persons distressed in mind, and pinched in circumstances, fellow-creature, and fellow-Christian; and no more is said who had called at their house; and mentions what she had on this subject. Cowper, now in a steady and cheerful done for them, and consults what farther deed of mercy or voice, reads the outline of a petition he has drawn out in charity she and her friend may jointly accomplish before name of the poor lace-workers of Olney, against an inthat day closed. And now Sam, Mr. Cowper's excellent tended duty on candles. On them such a tax would have and attached servant, or rather humble friend, who in ad fallen grievously. My dear Mr. Cowper, this is more versity had cleared to him, enters the room. Sam knew like an indignant remonstrance than an humble petition," nothing of London life or London wages, or official bribes, said his friend, with her placid smile. or perquisites; but I should like to know if ever Lord "Indeed and I fear it is. How could it well be other. Thurlow had such a servant as Mr. Cowper's Sam; for wise? But this must be modified ; the poet's imprudence this is no inconsiderable item in a man's domestic happi- must not hurt the poor lace-workers' cause.' Dess. And unless we know all these little matters, how “ And now Sam brings in supper-a Roman meal, in can we pronounce a true deliverance."

the day's of Rome's heroic simplicity; and when it is with“ We may guess, that honest Sam and his qualities drawn, Hannah, the sole maid-servant, comes in to say would have been of little utility, and of small value to she has carried one blanket to Widow Jennings, and ano. Edward, Lørd Thurlow, any way," said Mrs. Herbert; ther to Jenny Hibberts ; and that the shivering children có and so throw the attached servant out of his scale alto- had actually danced round, and hugged, and kissed the gether."

comfortable night-clothing, for lack of which they perishi

ed; and that the women themselves shed tears of thankful.

• Thus did he travel on life's common way, ness, for this well-timed, much-wanted supply.

In checrful godliness.' 61* And you were sure to tell them they came not from The visitations to which his delicately-organized mind us,' said the poet. Hannah replied that she had, and

was liable, I put out of view. They were a mystery withdrew.

“« These blankets cannot cost the generous Thornton beyond his mortal being—far beyond our limited human above ten shillings a-piece, Mr. Cowper," says Mrs. Unwin. intelligence. And tell me now, my young friends, which,

at the close of his memorable life, may be pronounced the Oh! how many a ten-shillings that would, in this severe best, and, by consequence, the happiest man of our Three season, soften the lot of the industrious poor, are every Westminster Boys? Each was sprimg of earth's first night lavished in the city he inhabits! How many blan. blood ;' and though I do not assert that any one of the kets would the opera-tickets of this one night purchase three is a faultless model, it is a fair question to ask, which And can any one human creature have the heart or the has your suffrage? _He who, by the force of his intellect right thus to lavish, yea, though not sinfully, yet surely and ambition, the hardihood and energy of his character, not without blame, while but one other of the sainc great took his place at the head of the councils of this mighty family perishes of hunger, or of cold ?'

empire,-he, the conqueror of so fair a portion of the East, “ And they speak of their poor neighbours by name; who, by arnis and policy, knit another mighty empire to they know many of them, their good qualities, their faults, this or her the stricken deer,' who sought the shades, and their necessities. And fireside discourse flows on in the the arrow rankling in his side—who dwelt apart, in “ blest easy current of old, endeared, and perfect intimacy; and seclusion from a jarring world,' and who, as his sole me. Cowper is led incidentally to talk of dark passages in his morial and trophy, has left us earlier life ; of the Providence which had guided and led him to this resting-place by the green pastures and still

This single volume pararnount." waters ;' of the mercy in which he had been afflicted ; of a And Mr. Dodsley lifted Sophia's small and elegant copy great deliverance suddenly wrought ; of the Arm which had of Cowper's works, and gave it into the hand of the youth led him into the wilderness, while the banner over him

next him. was love.' And then the talk ebbs back to old friends, now An animated discussion now arose ; and when Miss Hard. absent; to domestic cares, and little family concerns and ing collected the votes, she found the young gentlemen were plans ; the garden, or the greenhouse, matter · fond and equally divided between Hastings and Thurlow. The trivial,' yet interesting, and clothed in the language of a

young ladies were, however, unanimous for Cowper; and poet, and adorned by a poet's fancy.

the Curate gave his suffrage with theirs, repeating, " I must again ask, had the Lord High Chancellor ever gained to his heart any one intelligent and affectionate wo.

“ Blessings be with them, and eternal praise,

Who gave us nobler loves and nobler cares man, to whom he could thus unbend his mind— pour forth

The poets-who, on carth have made us heirs his heart of heart in the unchilled confidence of a never

Of truth, and pure delight, by heavenly lays," failing sympathy: This I shall consider—the possession of this friend—an immense weight in Cowper's scale, when

DIRGE OF WALLACE. we come to adjust the balance," said Mr. Dodsley.

“I must now read you the fruits of my morning's study, ma'am,' says our poet, after a pause ; • I had well. They lighted a taper at the dead of night, nigh forgot that.'-And he reads his sublime requiem on the

And chanted their holiest hymn; loss of the Royal George.

But her brow and her bosom were damp with affright, “I am mistaken if this be not wonderfully grand, Mr.

Her eye was all sleepless and dim ! Cowper,' says his ancient critic. • But harki our cuckoo And the lady of Elderslie wept for her Lord, clock. It must be regulated-you forget your duties, sir

When a death-watch beat in her lonely room, Tiney must be put up, and'-

When her curtain had shook of its own accord, «You must just allow me, ary, to give one puff of And the raven had flapp'd at her window-boaril, the bellows to the greenhouse embers. The air feels chilly

To tell of her warrior's doom ! to-night-my precious orange-tree.' And Mrs. Unwin “ Now sing you the, and loudly pray smiles over his fond care, as the gentleman walks off with " For the soul of my knight so dear; the bellows under his arm.

" And call me a widow this wretched day, “ And now it is the stated hour of family worship. Sam “ Since the warning of God is here! and Hannah march forward in decent order. But I shall « The nightmare rides on my strangled sleep :not attempt to describe the pious household rites, where • The lord of my bosom is doom'd to die; the author of the Task is priest and worshipper. Affec- " His valorous breast they have wounded deep ; tionate "Goodnights,' close the scene. And this is the order“ And the blood-red tears shall his country weep, of the evenings at Olney.

« For Wallace of Elderslie!" “ Cowper regulates the cuckoo clock; for though he has no alarum watch, or impending audience of Majesty, he Yet knew not his country that ominous hour, lays many duties on himself, lowly, yet not ignoble; so

Ere the loud matin-bell was rung, about the same huur that the Chancellor rolls off for That a trumpet of death on an English tower, Windsor,' Cowper, also alert in duty, is penning his fair

Had the dirge of her champion sung! copy of the lace-worker's petition to Farliament, or de. When his dungeon-light looked dim and red spatching one of his playful, affectionate epistles to his

On the high-born blood of a martyr slain, cousin, Lady Hesketh, or acknowledging the bounty of the No anthem was sung at his holy death-bedbenevolent Thornton to the poor of Olney. And now, body No weeping there was when his bosom bled, and mind refreshed, the blessings of the night remembered,

And his heart was rent in twain! and the labours of the day dedicated in short prayer and Yet bleeding and bound, though her Wallace wight, with fervent praise, and he is in his greenhouse study, chill For his long-loved country die, though it be, for it is quiet and sequestered. See here, | The bugle ne'er sung to a braver knight Fanny-our last picture. But so minutely has the poet Than Wallace of Elderslie! described his favourite retreat that this sketch may be But the day of his glory shall never depart, deemed superfluous labour. Yet this is and will ever be a His head unentombed shall with glory be palmed, cherished spot; for here many of his virtuous days were From its blood-streaming altar his spirit shall start ; spent.

Though the raven has fed on his mouldering heart, “Why pursue the theme farther," continued the Curate, A nobler was never embalmed! “you all know the simple tenor of his life :


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high as hers, “it does not signify talking, I must go now; for

my illustrious friend expects me : but, to please you, we will DOMESTIC ECONOMY.

stop on our road, and buy a fashionable bondet."

“Stop, and buy a boonet! Ah! j'en mourirai," and she als A flourishing nation is living evidence of the wisdom, most laughed herself into a convulson; then suddenly drawing sagacity and statesmanship of Benjamin Franklin. But the up, and drying her eyes, she continued : “ So, you think then nicest points of domestic economy did not escape his atten

that to be well dressed, one has only to stop and buy a boonet. tion; for these he justly regarded as the main foundation You suppose that I will take you to the Rue Vivienne, and of national economy. The letter which we to-day submit empty soine shop window of its chapeau d'affiche, and order it to the ladies, was sent from Paris to his daughter, a mar- robe à prix fixe, in the Passage de Lorme, and send you with the

into the carriage, as one does an ice; and then fit you out with a ried woman with a family, who, while her father at Paris price-ticket tastened to your skirts, into the salon of General retained all his republican simplicity of character and Lafayette, for the special amusement of his elegant relation, Mamanners, was beginning to be, like most ladies, a little too dame de T., one of the best-dressed women of France. No, no, ambitious of fashion. “I was charmed,” he says, “with stay at home for this day, and amuse yourself by looking out of the the account you give me of your industry; the table-cloths window, and seeing the fashionables going into the gardens at of your own spinning, &c., but your sending for long black the hour of promenade; and that will give you a general idea pins, and lace, and feathers, dissolved the charm, and dis- of the toilette of the day. Meantime, I will go to Victorine gusted me as much, as if you had put salt into my straw- and Herbaut, and see what can be done for you. berries. The spinning, I see, is laid aside, and you are to

“What can be done for me !" be dressed for the ball. You seem not to know, my dear faire inscrire votre nom sur leur livre rouge.'

To be sure: I will get their earliest day and hour ; and daughter, that of all dear things, idleness is the dearest in

“ Take their day and hour! take mine, you mean." the world, except mischief. When I began to read your “ By no means. Were you Sappho hersell, you must wait account of the high prices of goods, ' a pair of gloves seven their leisure. When the Duchess de Berri sent her dame dollars, a yard of gauze twenty-four dollars, and that it d'honneur to Victorine, the other day, to desire she would come required a fortune to maintain a family in a very plain and take her orders at the Pavillon Marson, she replied that way,' I expected you would conclude with telling me that she would be happy of having the honour of dressing her Royal every woman, as well as yourself, was grown frugal and Highnesss, who would find her at home on such a day, at such industrious ; and I could scarce believe my eyes in reading

hour." on, that there was never so much dressing and pleasure

“ And how did the Duchess bear this?" going forward ; and that you yourself wanted feathers, where: there is but one Victorine on earth, as there was for

“Bear it! What could she do? There are princesses everyand black pins, from France—to appear, as I suppose, in merly but one Le Roi, and one Bertin. . The throne and the the mode. This leads me to imagine that perhaps it is not altar' have been shaken and overthrown in France,-the toilet so much the goods that are grown dear, as that the money never !" is grown cheap, as every thing else will do, when exces At this moment my servant brought in a card, for a diplosively plenty; and that people are still nearly as easy in matic ball. Madame de real it with all the delight. their circumstances as when a pair of gloves might be had with which Signore Mai would feel in a newly discovered for half a crown."

manuscript of Cicero. And now Franklin's elevated patriotism comes into ac “ Voila qui est bien,” she said, “I must not lose a minute tion. The war in which America was engaged he thought in making interest for you. It would be impossible for you to a just and necessary war.

“ to support the war go to a diplomatic ball, without being habillée par Victorine et may make our frugality necessary; and as I am always berretee par Herbaut. Il vous faut leur cachet. Your beautipreaching this doctrine, I cannot in conscience, or in

ful countrywoman, Lady C - by neglecting to keep her decency, encourage the contrary, by my example, in fur- appointinent with the latter, never recovered her ton during the

season of her debut. But fies vous à moi; if I cannot get nishing my children with foolish modes and luxuries. I these two great sovereigns to dress you, you shall bave some of therefore send all the articles you desire that are useful, their school; and ļ will write you my success tv-night; so a and omit the rest ; for, as you say, you should have great demain n'est ce pas ;” and away fluttered this friendliest and pleasure in wearing every thing I send you, and showing most frivolous of Frenchwomen ; leaving me the most morit as your father's, I must avoid giving you an opportunity tified and desolate of Irishwomen; for I was too late for my apof doing that with either lace or feathers. If you wear pointment and found Lafayette, as I expected, gone to the Chamcambric ruffles, and take care not to mend the holes, they ber. This certainly was le plus beau jour de ma vie;" so having will come in time to be lace; and feathers, my dear daugh- the fear of my bonnet before my eyes, 1 returned to finish the ter, may be had in America from every cock's tail. If you morning, as I had begun it

, and seated

myself at the window,

had desired me,-to take that general happen to see General Washington assure him of my great view of the beau monde, which the comings and goings of the and sincere respect, and write often, my dear child.”. walkers in the Tuileries were calculated to give me."

Be it remembered that this thinking and this writing is that of a man laying, in frugality, the stable foundation befel another English lady; Lady Davy, which is at once ludi.

Lady Morgan's distress reminds us of an adventure which of a mighty empire. He bids women abridge or give up crous and serious. It happened in !813, when Sir. H. Davy their lace and feathers, that there might be funds for war was allowed by Buonaparte to visit Paris :- While he was at the

- for a struggle which conquered independence and free.. meeting of the Institute, her ladyship, attended by her maid, dom to their posterity ; but many causes dictate the same walked the Tuileries garden. she wore a very small hat, virtue to women, in all places, and in all seasons. of a simple cockle-shell form, such as was fashionable at that

time in London, wbile the Parisian ladies wore bonnets of most voluminous dimensions. It happened to be a saint's day, or

which the shops being closed, the citizens repaired in crowds to FEMALE DRESS. FRENCH WOMEN.

the garden. On secing the diminutive bonnet of Lady Davy, the Parisians felt little less surprised than did the inhabitants of

Brobdignag on beholding the hat of Gulliver; and a crowd of « Let me off to Lafayette now, and you shall find me very persons snon assembled around the unknown exotic; in consetractable another time," said she. • I am well enough dressed for quence of which, one of the inspectors of the garden immediatethe organizer of two great revolutions, and the founder and ly presented himself and informed her Ladyship that no cause commander-in-chief of the National Guards."

of rassemblement could be suffered, and therefore requested her “ You put me out of all patience,” burst forth Madame de to retire. Some officers of the Imperial Guard, to whom she

, in a fit of petulance that makes a French woman so appealed, replied, that however much they 'might regret the awful, or so amusing. “Because a man founds, or destroys an circumstance, they were unable to afford her any redress, as the empire, is he, therefore, to have no eyes, no judgment? Your order was peremptory. She then requested that they would General is a great man, I allow; but he is Francais avant conduct her to her carriage; an officer immediately otfered his tout ; and with a Frenchman, though it were St. Denis kiin arm; but the crowd had by this time so greatly increased, that self, an old fashion is ever a ridicule.”

it became necessary to send for a corporal's guard; and the party * Well," I said, endeavouring in vain to pitch my voice as quitted the garden surrounded by fixed bayonets.”

He says,



WONDERS OF MECHANISM. Those young people who

may lately have visited Thiodon's Mechanical Theatre in Caoutchouc, or what has been commonly called India- any of the towns of Scotland, where its marvels were ex. rubber, which has for some time past been manufactured "hibited, will be prepared for the curiosity we have to dea into various useful articles of wearing apparel, impervious scribe, -VAUCANSON's Duck. This duck exactly resemto wet, &c. is the subject of an article in a recent number bles the living animal in size and appearance. It executed of the " Journal des Connaissances Usuelles et Pratiques,” accurately all its movements and gestures ; it ate and drank in which it is observed that the caoutchouc is formed from with avidity, performed all the quick motions of the head the juice of two plants growing in the Indies, namely the and throat which are peculiar to the living animal, as did Jahopha Elastica, and the Ecvea Caoutchou, which the Thiodon's swan ; and like the duck it muddled the water natives by means of moulds form into various shapes, and which it drank with its bill. It produced also the sound of especially make of it a species of bottles, on which various quacking in the most natural manner. In the anatomical designs are executed. To dry it, they expose it to the flame structure of the duck, the artist exhibited the highest skill, of resinous wood, the black smoke of which gives it the now Thiodon's animals were entirely for stage effect. Every dark colour which is generally observed in it. M. de bone in the real duck had its representative in the automaHumboldt brought to Europe some of the juice of the ton, and its wings were anatomically exact. Every cavity, Ecvea Caoutchou, from which white caoutchouc was pro- apophysis, and curvature was imitated, and each bone exeduced, as it would all be, were it not for the process already cuted its proper movements. When corn was thrown down mentioned. It appears, however, that the mode of manu- before it, the duck stretched out its neck to pick it up ; it facturing it in England, of an apparently uniform consist- swallowed it, digested it, and discharged it in a digested ency, has not been hitherto discovered in France, where in condition. The process of digestion was effected by chemi. the attempts made for similar purposes, it was found that cal solution, and not by trituration, and the food digested the places of junction of the different pieces of caoutchouc in the stomach was conveyed away by tubes to the place of were discoverable in the manufactured article, whilst, as its discharge. already observed, the articles made in England presented an SUPERSTITION OF THE URISK.-The dedication of uniform texture, and the points of juncture were not dis- groves, in particular the grottoes and caves in their most cernible. But it is now thought that the secret has been retired recesses, to sacred purposes, was, it is well known, discovered, and that by carrying.on the whole process under a practice common to the theology and demonology of every water, of separating the lamina of caoutchouc (which the ancient nation. In this respect the Druids do not appear Prench writer compares, as to its mass, with Gruyere to have been professors of a system, or observers of rites heese,) the object may be achieved of obtaining lamina or peculiar to themselves, but to have been participators along strips, which may be joined together in the manufacturing with other heathen priests, in observances which are spoof various articles without the points of juncture being dis- ken of in the sacred writings, as corruptions of purer insti. cernible. And it is stated that strips thus obtained become tutions. Almost every divinity had his or her favourite so solid at the point of junction, that they could be more tree, from which they gave out their oracles; and it is at easily torn or fractured at any other part than that. Tubes least a curious coincidence, that while the sacred temple of have been thus prepared which, from their imperviability the true worshipper had its Urin (the lights or emanations and the facility of employing them, have been found of from the breastplate by which responses were given,) the the greatest service in chemistry.

leafy temple of the idolater had its Urisk, (Urisk or Uritz, in IMPROVED RAW SUGAR.–We are indebted to a corres. the same ang uage, signifying light from the tree.)- A Skye pondent for the following notice, and submit it without at terrier, of the small light coloured peculiar breed, known all pledging ourselves for its accuracy :—“A sample of na- only in the Hebrides, belonging to Sir Walter Scott, re. tive raw sugar, prepared by the improved process of conceived the appropriate name of Urisk, and has made some centrating the cane juice in vacuo, has been introduced figure both in literature and painting. We believe Urisk into the market, and has excited great interest in every has shared the fate of Maida, Sir Walter's stag houndperson connected with this important branch of our com- gone to his rest. mercial and colonial prosperity. It is raw sugar, obtained in perfect, pure, transparent granular crystals, developing Besides appearing in Weekly Numbers, the SCHOOLMASTER the form of the crystal of the sugar, and being wholly free will be published in Montilly Parts, which, stitched in a neat cover, from any portion of uncrystallizable sugar, molasses, or will contain as much letter-press, of good execution, as any of the large colouring matter."-Atheneum.

Monthly Periodicals: A 'lable of Contents will be given at the end of (The correspondent is quite correct. The good folks the year ; when, at the weekly cost of three-halfpence, a handsome here in Edinburgh have been using this elegant prepara- volume of 832 pages, super-royal size, may be bound up, containing tion for some time; for coffee always, for tea or toddy oc much matter worthy of preservation. casionally.


Page . The “ Sheffield Iris" states that a great improvement in Condition of Operative Manufacturers, . the steam-engine has been recently made by Mr. George Books of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge.... 35 Rennoldson, of South Shields. This engine has three cy Edlinburgh a Century Ago-Goldsmith the Poet........ linders from one boiler, with the connecting rods on a tri.

The Spinning-Wheel....

The Maid-Servant... angular crank, so that while one piston is moving upwards

Causes of the Bad Effects of the East Wind.. another is going down, and another passing the centre, the

English Justice.......

............................ 39 pistons following each other in a regular division of time, Sage Cheese-Stilton Cheese, &C... and completely balancing each other as far as weight and ELEMENTS OF Tuoucht-Patience of the British People-Dif. pressure are concerned, the slides of course moving upon a ference between a Free and a Despotic Government-When smaller triangular crank. This engine has nearly as com

Resistance to a Government becomes justifiable-Boundless

ness of the Creation-Want of Sensibility to Natural Beauty.. 40 plete an equability and uniformity of motion as it is possi.

Tue Story.Teller-The Three Westminster Boys........... 41 hle to procure from a rotatory engine. The necessity of a

Dirge of Wallace.........

................... 46 fly-wheel is altogether superseded. It is so steady in its

COLUMN FOR THE LADIES Domestic Economy-Female Dress motion, indeed, as hardly to affect the frame in which it -French Women, by Lady Morgan..... stands, and makes so little noise that it would scarcely be SCIENTIFIC NOTICES-Caoutchouc- Improved Raw Sugarknown to be at work, were it not seen to be so.

Such an

linproved Steam Engine Wonders of Mechanism engine must necessarily be of great use in steam-boats, in cotton-factories, and in those manufactories at Birmingham EDINBURGH: Printed by and for JouN JOHNSTONE, 19, St. James's and Sheffield where fine metal-work is wrought. An en.

Square.--Published by JOHN ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, 55, North

Bridge Street, Edinburgh; by John Macleon, and ATKINSON & (0., gine of this description will go in less bounds than those of

book seilers, Glasgow; and sold by all Booksellers and Venders of the ordinary construction.

Cheap Periodicals,


38 38 39




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commercial prosperity of the country, if, indeed, the present

course of things, daily tending to lower wages as well as SCHOOL MASTER AND FRIEND-A MORSEL OF DIALOGUE. profits, and set the two classes in opposition to each other,

Priend Monstrously radical last Saturday, Mr. School- shall not of itself bring on a crisis. To allow, or rather to master! Could you not very safely leave the attack on the fore, not merely safe, but most wholesome for the commu

induce the people to take part in these discussions, is, thereSociety for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge to the nity, and yet some points connected with them are matter « Westminster" on the one hand, and “ Blackwood” on the of pretty warm contention in the present times; but these other?--the former decrying, the latter ridiculing its labours. may be freely handled, it seems, with safety; indeed, unless Schoolmaster. You labour under a great mistake, my why, then, may not every topic of politics, party, as well as

they are so handled, such subjects cannot be discussed at all. Friend, if you imagine the Schoolmaster meant to attack general, be treated of in 'cheap publications? It is highly the Society, in simply expressing the discontent generally useful to the community, that the true principles of the felt among the best-informed operatives at the line it is pur- constitution, ecclesiastical and civil, should be well under

The great intersuing,—at its giving, after its own fashion, every sort of stood by every man who lives under it.

ests of civil and religious liberty are mightily promoted by knowledge, but that which, in the words of the text to such wholesome instruction; but the good order of society which you object, may enable the poor man to gain a com- gains to the full as much by it. The peace of the country, petency, and secure it to himself. The artisans undoubtedly and the stability of the government, could not be more efpresume that the Society view with increasing jealousy at- fectually secured than by the universal diffusion of this

kind of knowledge.” tempts made to disseminate cheaply the sort of knowledge which they no longer deem it advisable to promulgate them What say you to this, my Friend ? But I must crare selves

your attention to another sentence_" The abudes," says Friend. Political knowledge, you mean, now; but that Mr. Brougham, “ which through time have crept into the they do not pretend to teach : you need not blame thein for practice of the constitution, the errors committed in its adnot doing what they never proposed.

ministration, and the improvements which a change of cirSchoolmaster. Here again, my Friend, you mistake. cumstances require, even in its principles, may most filly The operatives who are grumbling at the Society, ask no be expounded in the same manner. And if any man, or set thing but what was voluntarily promised by its own ori- of men, deny the existence of such abuses, see no error in ginal plan. Will you give me leave to read you a short the conduct of those who administer the government, and passage from what may be termed the Society's preliminary egard all innovation upon its principles as pernicious, discourse, written by no less distinguished a member than they may propagate their doctrines through the like chan. Lord Brougham. Unfortunately, the Society's publications nels. Cheap works being furnished, the choice may be left must have got into less liberal guidance; for than his to the readers_assuredly a country which tolerates every lordship's views expounded in 1825, nothing can be more kind, even the most unmeasured of daily and weekly disdeserving the approbation of the people. But hear his doc- cussion in the newspapers, can have nothing to dread from trine of

the diffusion of political doctrines in a form less desultory." CHEAP POLITICAL PUBLICATIONS.

This 1 call a manly and complete recognition of cheap poWhy," says Mr. Brougham, “ should not political, as

litical publications. well as all other works, be published in a cheap form, and in numbers? That history, the nature of the constitution,

Friend. I confess I was not aware-few persons are the doctrines of political economy, may safely be dissemin- one cannot remember every thing—that the Society had ated in this shape, no man now-a-days will be hardy enough ever proposed such scape for their labours. But all proto deny. Popular tracts, indeed, on the latter subject, ought spectuses, you know—the thing is proverbial—You have to be much more extensively circulated for the good of the working-classes, as well as of their superiors. The inter- the Society on the hip, I own. Yet surely there is no good ests of both are deeply concerned in sounder views being in parading that shocking picture of the actual state of the taught them. I can hardly imagine, for example, a greater manufacturing poor--ministering to the worst passions of service being rendered to the inen, than expounding to them the mob! the true principles and mutual relations of population and Wages; and both they and their masters will assuredly ex

Schoolmaster. A serious charge, my Friend, were it a prience the effects of the prevailing ignorance upon such just one. The Schoolmaster's descriptions, however, wero, questions, as soon as any interruption shall happen in the only taken at second hand; and moreover, from untroubled

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