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paid is much less than formerly; and 29. 6d., Is., or even NOTHING' calls more loudly for amendment than the law 6d. per pound is far from unusual. regarding mercantile bankrupts, and the whole system Our process for the recovery of debt is also tedious and of recovering debts, whether by execution against the expensive in an extraordinary degree. If the land is atlands, the moveables, or the person of debtors. Our tached, the lapse of several years, and the expenditure of present sequestration law is made the means of defrauding many hundred pounds, are certain before it can be brought creditors to a great amount, by the operation of the to sale. In the execution gainst moveables, there are provisions for the discharge of debtors. To entitle a many absurd and tedious forms to be observed, and nodebtor to his discharge, the consent of four-fifths in thing can be more preposterous than that, before a deblor number and value of his creditors is required, and to can be imprisoned, on the decree of a Court of Law, two effect a settlement by composition, the majority, is in other writs must be obtained, besides their respective warcreased to nine-tenths. If, in estimating these majorities, rants, by which much delay, expense, and risk of inaccuthe whole creditors of the bankrupt were taken into racy, and, consequently, of loss, are incurred. A radical computation, little harm would arise ; but the only cre- reform is imperiously demanded in this branch of our ditors who are regarded, are those who have claimed, law; but it will never be obtained till the people act as and have been found entitled to be ranked on the estate. they did in the case of the Reform Bill, and take the matBut when the funds of a bankrupt are so nearly ex ter into their own hands.-Edinburgh Weekly Chronicle. hausted before his failure, that it is doubtful whether they will pay the expenses of the sequestration, very

MERCANTILE NAVIES OF FRANCE AND ENGLAND. few creditors will be inclined to claim, as they thereby incur the risk of being called on to pay the whole ex In a work lately published in London, entitled,

« Sta penses of the sequestration, and of all the proceedings tistics of France, by Lewis Goldsmith,” we have some inwhich may arise out of it. When the bankruptcy, there formation regarding the mercantile navy of France; and fore, is small, and the funds are inconsiderable, it is al- it may not be uninteresting to compare its present state ways an object to the bankrupt to represent matters in with that of Great Britain in the year 1831, the period to as desperate a light as possible to the body of his cre- which Mr. Goldsmith's statements relate. At the end of ditors, while he procures a few of his own friends to rank the war, the shipping of France was nearly annihilated, on his estate, merely for the purpose of carrying through while that of Britain was in a more flourishing state than the sequestration. Before any proceedings have been it had been at any former period. In the year 1817, the taken, it is commonly settled who is to be trustee, and tonnage of the merchant vessels belonging to Great Bri. the amount of the composition, and the cautioner for it, are tain amounted to 2,397,655 tons, navigated by 152.352 commonly fixed on. Calculations regarding the vacations seamen. But a great increase has taken place in the of the Court are at the same time made, that the matter

mercantile navy of France since 1815, and she now pos. may be carried through without loss of time.

At the

sesses upwards of 80110 trading vessels of all sorts, the first meeting of the creditors of the bankrupt, perhaps total tonnage of which is 744.000 tons, and the number of

sailors employed 57,200. On the 31st December, 1831, two or three of his own immediate relations, whose debts may bave been created for the purpose, appear, and, after there were belonging to the United Kingdom 18.942 roelecting one of their own number judicial factor, they au

gistered vessels, admeasuring 2,190,457 tons, manned by thorize him to apply to the court for a personal protection 132,200 seamen; and the islands of Guernsey, Jersey, and to the bankrupt. The latter, who may have possibly been Man, and the British plantations, possessed 5100 vessels, in the country for a few weeks, to avoid the proceedings navigated by 26,222 seamen, and admensuring 391,507 of bis creditors till matters were brought the proper length, cantile navy to that of France, which it exceeds three

We thus see the immense superiority of our mernow makes his appearance with his protection in his pocket, and probably carries on his business in the very the decay of this important branch of our wealth. At

fold, and how little ground there is for the complaint of same manner as be did before the sequestration was ap; the end of the war, we had the carrying trade of nearly plied for. At the next meeting, the factor is appointed the whole of Europe ; for the shipping of other states trustee; the examinations are afterwards hurried through, and, at the third meeting, a composition is offered, which had, in the course of the war, suffered nearly as much as is upanimously entertained, commissioners are appointed, that of France ; and although the shipping of the Contiand, at a subsequent meeting, the composition is approved nental states has increased greatly since the peace, our of, without the slightest investigation being, in some in- shipping bas decreased in a very inconsiderable degree. stances, made into the situation of the bankrupt's affairs, or the trustee having ever been in possession of the books Hazlitt.] — There are two things I admire in Sir Walter,

SIR WALTER SCOTT AND MR. Cooper.—[Loquitur or documents of the estate. the course of four or five months, and at the expense of his capacity and his simplicity, which, indeed, I am apt to from L.80 to L.100, obtains a discharge of all claims other things, the less he is taken up with the idea of him.

The more ideas a man has of against him from the Court of Session, and the debts of self. Every one gives the same account of the author of bis creditors, who have been deterred from claiming in Waverley in this respect. When he was in Paris, and went the sequestration, are cut off without their consent. Sarely such a system requires amendment. The interests book he wanted to see: none of the clerks had the least

to Galignani's, he sat down in an outer room to look at some of the creditors deserve at least as much consideration as suspicion who it was: when it was found out, the place those of the bankrupt. It may be perfectly right, that cne or two perverse creditors should not have it in their at the same time : his looks and manners seemed to

was in a commotion. Cooper, the American, was in Paris power to prevent the settlement of bankruptcies by com

announce a much greater man. He strutted through the position, but care should be taken that all those who are really creditors should not be deterred by any conse

streets with a very consequential air; and in company held

up his head, screwed up his features, and placed himself on quences from giving their votes, when so important a

a sort of pedestal, to be observed and admired, as if he never msaxure is to be decided on.

Every honest debtor will call his creditors together relaxed in the assumption, nor wished it to be forgotten by when he finds his affairs in a state of irretrievable insol- others, that he was the American Sir Walter Scott. The

real one never troubled himself about the matter. Why veccy ; but at present a positive premium is held out to should he ? He might safely leave that question to others. hausted. It will then be easier for him to obtain a dis- Indeed, by what I am told, he carries his indifference too charge than if he could pay a large dividend. Whether it far: it amounts to an implied contempt for the public, and be from this state of our law or not, we cannot say with misprision of treason against the commonwealth of letters. certainty, but the amount of compositions now generally | rings with them from side to side,"

He thinks nothing of his works, although all Europe


THE COMMON LOT. ONCE, in the flight of ages past,

There lived a man—and who was He? Mortal! howe'er thy lot be cast,

That man resembled thee! Unknown the region of his birth,

The land in which he died unknown,
His name hath perished from the earth,

This truth survives alone :-
That joy and grief, and hope and fear,

Alternate triumphed in his breast;
His bliss and wo, a smile, a tear!-

Oblivion bides the rest.
The bounding pulse, the languid limb,

The changing spirit's rise and fall;
We know that these were felt by him,

For these are felt by all.
He suffered—but his pangs are o'er;

Enjoyed_but his delights are filed;
Had friends_his friends are now no more ;

And foes—his foes are dead.

He loved—but whom he loved, the grave

Hath lost in its unconscious womb;
Oh, she was fairl but nought could save

Her beauty from the tomb.
The rolling seasons, day and night,

Sun, moon, and stars, the earth and main, Erewhile his portion,-life and light,

To him exist-in vain!

He gaw whatever thou hast seen;

Encounter'd all that troubles thee ;
He was-whatever thou hast been;

He is—what thou shalt be!
The clouds and sunbeams o'er his eye

That once their shade and glory threw,
Have left, in yonder silent sky,

No vestige where they flew!
The annals of the human race;

Their ruin since the world began;
Of Him afford no other trace
Than this—there lived a Man !


JACK TAYLOR. A SKETCH FROM THE SPECTATOR. EVERYBODY knew Jack Taylor, and every body liked him. He was known by the familiar diminutive of his Christian name, on account“ of his love of good fellowship and wit," to use Mr. Moore's phrase; and was the associate of some of the brightest men of his time, when “ brightness" was the great study and pursuit of the day. Everybody loved Jack Taylor: he was thoroughly harmless ; a kind and af. fectionate creature, with all kinds of light pleasantry fluttering across his butterfly brain. “ When you do an ill. natured thing," said Sheridan to him, “ chaos is come again." And it was true. Through a long life, Jack Taylor was always doing kind little offices, and saying pleasant little speeches. His benefits were necessarily of the small kind, and his wit was not of a high cast; but then, life is composed of small deeds, and filled up with small talk. Jack Taylor was a Tory, but of the very gentlest kind : his politics were rather an affair of feeling thaa opinion : loyalty seemed to him to imply peace and pleasantness—the reign of the social affections—the triumph of the intellectual enjoyments : the rnde and boisterous ten. perament of a republic would have been fatal to his talents and his pleasures : a man of his calibre would have perished in a political storm. Inasmuch as the strong hand of ab. solute monarchy, while it quenches the more vigorous efforts of men, favours the exercise of the smaller and more social faculties, he leaned on the idea of a king as on a rock of security. This is the creed of a large mass of citizens, who would gladly purchase the pleasures of settled society by the abandonment of all political influence, which is ignorantly supposed not to affect the private condition of the citizen. As a proof that Mr. Taylor's Toryism was alto. gether passive, he associated indiscriminately with men of all parties; and as the Opposition of that day was composed of the most brilliant men of the age, he lived eran more with them than their antagonists. But Jack Taylor was not a mere fair-weather companion_his good-nature outlasted the storms and vicissitudes of his life : he had a pun always ready over the glass, but then he had a tear for the garret. He never deserted his friends till they were laid in the grave; and this last duty he seems to have taken a sort of melancholy pleasure in performing. It would be curious to know how many funerals good-natured Jack Taylor had attended in the course of his long life. . He saw nearly all his old friends out: we meet in these volumes with scarcely a name of living men, with the exception perhaps of a few such Nestorian youths as Lord Eldon and his brother Lord Stowell: but Taylor recollected Thurlow, if not an attorney's clerk, at least a student in the Temple.

Mr. Taylor reminds us a good deal of a Frenchman : be had more mercurial qualities than commonly fall to the lot of our countrymen; he was not ambitious; he was more than ordinarily regardless of the outward circumstances of his friends; he was a worshipper of intellectual superiority; and above all, he was a thoroughly social creature_be lived by constant contact with his like;~and all this is French. He was altogether a citizen, a wanderer among bricks and mortar. He was born at Highgate; and parhaps that was his first and last rural excursion. Soon after his birth, his father, a celebrated oculist, removed to Hat. ton Garden, where he lived and died : between Hatton Garden and Covent Garden, his son oscillated for upwards of three quarters of a century; and they were probably the greenest places in his recollection, unless perhaps Vauxhall Gardens might put in a claim. We never heard Jack Taylor “ babble o' green fields;" though we believe he had repeatedly been to Bagshot, was familiar with Kensington, and used frequently to dine at Bayswater. We say of residents in Paris, they are Parisians : Jack Taylor was not a Cockney, and yet he was a thorough Londonian. His pride was a rencontre of wits at the Turk's Head or elsewhere. At Covent Garden and Drury Lane he was also great, both befure and behind the scenes : at the latter place, whenever Shaw, the leader of the band, observed his presence, he would always play a particular concerto between the acta, because he knew it was a favourite : here was distinction !


THOUGH short thy span, God's unimpeach'd decrees,
Which made that shorten'd span one long disease ;
Yet, merciful in chastening, gave thee scope
For mild redeeming virtues, faith and hope,
Meek resignation, pious charity.
And since this world was not the world for thee,
Far from thy path removed, with partial care,
Strife, glory, gain, and Pleasure's flowery snare,
Bade earth's temptations pass thee harmless by,
And fix'd on Heaven thine unreverted eye!
Oh! mark'd from birth, and nurtur'd for the skies !
In youth, with more than learning's wisdom wise!
As sainted martyrs, patient to endure !
Simple, as unwean'd infancy, and pure!
Pure from all stain (save that of human clay,
Which Christ's atoning blood hath wash'd away!)
By mortal sufferings now no more oppressid,
Mount, sinless spirit, to thy destin'd rest !
While I-reversed our nature's kindlier doom-
Pour forth a father's sorrows on thy tomb.


Then he was the great prologue and epilogue manufacturer HUMOROUS LETTER OF A HIGHLAND of the day : every body came to him for the finishing-stroke,

EMIGRANT. and Jack Taylor never refused anybody any thing: im. promptus and epigrams he had equally at the service of his The subjoined letter is said to be genuine-and written friends: no one in need of verse ever applied to Jack Tay- from Maryland by a real Donald Macpherson-we do not lor in vain. His Monsieur Tonson is his ground of immor- vouch for it, though Captain Brut does :tality-a very small spot of Pierian earth, but still large enough for a poet to stand tiptoe onstans pede in uno

Portobago in Marilante, 2 June 17-. making verse at the rate of a line a-second. He was the Teer Lofen Kynt Fater. editor and proprietor of the Sun for many years; and in Dis is te lat ye ken, dat I am in quid health, plessed bi his hands it was seen how very harmless and inoffensive a Got for dat, houpin te here de lyk frae yu, as I am yer nane daily paper might be. Somehow or other, he contrived to sin, I wad a bine ill leart gin I had na latten yu ken tis, be get himself ousted by some anonymous scoundrel so he kaptin Rogirs skep da geangs to Innerness, per cunnan I dinna considers him-a proprietor of one-tenth, and editor by ket sika anither apertunti dis towmen agen. De skep dat I agreement. Taylor was obliged to sell his shares ; and af- kam in was a lang tym o de see cumin oure heir, but plissit pe ter the separation, we believe neither he nor the paper ever

Got for å ting wi á keepit our beels unco weel, pai Shonie prospered.

Magwillivray dat hat ay a sair heet. Dere was saxty o's à kame inte te quintry hel a lit an lim an nane o's à dyit pat Shonie

Magwillivray an an otter Ross lad dat kam oure wi's an mai UNIVERSALITY OF TAXATION. been published in a hundred different shapes, appeared original- mestir Nicols, Lort pliss bem, pit mi till a pra mestir, dey ca The following epigramatic reflections, which have already pi dem twa wad a dyit gin tey led bitten at hame.

Pi mi fait I kanna komplin for kuming te dis quintry, for Jy in the Edinburgh Review, and are just re-published on a folio sheet, headed with a likeness of the Lord Chancellor. We he nifer gart mi wark ony ting pat fat I lykit mi sel; de meast

him Shon Bayne, an hi lifes in Marylant in te rifer Potomak, give them in the order they are printed :

o' a mi wark is waterin a pra stennt hors, an pringin wyn an TAXES

pread ut o de seller te mi mestir's tebil. Upon every article that enters into the mouth,

Sin efer I kam til him I never wantit a pottle o petter ele Or covers the back, or is placed under the foot.

nor is in à Shon Glass house, for 1 ay set toun wi de pairns te TAXES

dennir. Upon every thing that is pleasant to see, hear, feel, smell and taste. TAXES

Mi mestir seys til mi, fan I can speek lyke de fouk heir dat Upon warmth, light and locomotion :

I sanna pe pidden di nating pat gar his plackimors wurk, for TAXES

de fyt fouk dinna ise te wurk pat te first yeer aftir dey kum in On every thing on earth, and the waters under the earth ;

te de quintry. Tey speek à lýk de sogers in Innerness. On every thing that comes from abroad, or is grown at home.

Lofen fater, fan de sarvants hier he deen wi der mestirs,

dey grou unco rich, an its ne wonter for day mak a hantil ó On the raw material ;

tombako; an des sivites an apels an de sheries an de pires grou TAXES

in de wuds wantin tyks apout dem. De skynes te ducks an On every value that is added to it by the industry of man. durkies geangs en de wuds wantin mestirs. TAXES

De tombako grous shust lyke de dockins en de bak o de lairts On the sauce which pampers man's appetite, and the drug which restores him to health ;

yart an de skeps dey cum fra ilka place an bys dem an gies a

hantel o silder an gier for dem.
On the ermine which decorates the judge, and
the rope which bangs the criminal ;

Mi nane mestir kam til de quintry a sartant an weil I wat On the brass nails of the coffin, and the ribands of the bride :

hi's nou wort mony a susan punt. Fait ye mey pelieve mi diAt bed or at board, couchant or levant,

pirest planter hire lifes amost as weil as de lairt o Collottin.

Mai pi fan mi tim is ut I wel kom hem an sie yu pat not for de The schoolboy whips his taxed top;

furst nor de neest yeir till I gater somting o mi nane, for fan I The beardless youth manages his taxed Horse with a taxed bridle ba dun wi mi mestir hi maun gi mi a plantashon to set mi up, on a taxed road;

its de quistium hier in dis quintry; an syn I houp to gar yu And the dying Englishman

trink wyn insteat o tippeni in Innerness. Pouring his medicine which has paid 7 per cent,

I wis' I hat kum our heir twa or tri yiers seener nor I dit, syn Into a spoon which has paid 15 per cent, throws himself back I wad ha kum de seener hame, pat Got pi tanket dat I kam sa upon his chintz bed, which has paid 22 per cent,

seen as I dit. Makes bis will on an L.8 stamp,

Gin yu koud sen mi owr be ony o yur Tonerness skeps, ony And expires in the arms of an apothecary,

ting te mi, an it war as muckle clays as mak a quelt it wad, Who has paid L.100 for the privilege of putting him to death.

mey pi, gar my meister tink te mere o mi. Its trw I ket clays His whole property is then taxed from 2 to 10 per cent, eneu fe him bat oni ting fe yu wad luck weel an pony, an ant Besides the probate,

plese Got gin I life, I sal pey yu pack agen. Large fees are demanded for burying him in the chancel; Lofen fater, de man dat vryts dis letir for mi is van Shams His virtues are handed down to posterity on

Macheyne, hi lifes seust a myl fe mi, hi bes pin unko kyn te
Taxed marble ;
And he is then gathered to his fathers,

mi sin efer I kam te de quintrie. Hi wes porn en Petie an

kam our a sarfant fe Klesgou an hes peen hes nane man twa TO BE TAXED NO MORE,

yeirs, an has sax plackimors wurkin til him alrety makin tom

bako ilka tay. Heil win hem, shortly an à te geir dat he hes MAGNIFICENT OAK-TREE. Perhaps the most magnificent wun hier an py a LERTS KIP at hem. Luck dat ye duina foroak this country ever produced was lately felled at Tooley, in Lirestershire.' It will hardly be credited, but it is nevertheless

ket te vryt til mi ay, fan yu ket ony ocashion. true, that this tree, when cut down, covered three roods, the hana forkoten nane o yu, nor dinna yu forket mi, for plise Got

Got Almichte pliss yu Fater an a de leve o de hous, for I ground on which it fell being immediately measured. The 1 sal kom hem wi gier eneuch te di yu à an mi nane sel guid. quantity of timber which it contained amounted to 1100 solid feet. The butt was about ten feet long, and it had five large agen, for 1 heive leirt á hantle hevens sin" I sau yu an I am

I weit you will be very vokie, fan yu sii yur nane sins fesh branches, one of which contained two hundred solid feet of

unco buick leirt. timber. The tree, when fairly butted, measured at the bottom

A tis is fe yur lofen an Opetient Sin, Dine feet io diameter. It produced the enormous quantity of

Tonal MACKAFERSON. three tons eighteea cwt. of bark. Another striking feature of this most wonderful production of nature is, the quality and Directed-For James Mackaferson neir te Lairt o Collotbrunty of the wood, which is allowed to be superior to any tin's hous neir Innerness en de Nort o Skotlan. thing of the kind ever seen ; it bears a polish equal to the finest mabogany, and the grain is of a most curious and fantastical de scription. The tree was purchased by Mr. John Thorpe, of * This jeu d'esprit has a good deal of humour in it. It is written in Market Bosworth. Nearly the whole of it has been manufac the dialect which is spoken on the borders of Murray and Banffshire, tored into various articles of drawing and dining-room furniture, speak oroken English. But it is evidently written by one who did not

the spelling being adapted to the pronunciation of such Highlanders as wwkich now occupy the residences of several families of the first understand Gaelic , there is not a single idiom of That language in it respectability in the neighbourhood, where, when standing, it and the orthography is much too nicely adjusted to be genuine, al. kad long been the object of admiration and wonder.

though the hint may have been taken from an original letter.



and winters, he describeth well-seasoned. He knocketh down How various and innumerable,

machine-horses that have been knocked up on the road, but is Are those that live upon the Rabble !

so tender of heart to his animals, that he parteth with none "Tis they maintain the Church and State,

for a fault; 'for,' as he sayeth, blindness or lameness be mis. Employ the priest and magistrate,

fortunes.' A nag proper only for dog's meat, he writeth down, Bear all the change of Government,

but crieth np, . fit to go to any hounds;' or, as may be, would And pay the public fines and rent;

suit a timid gentleman.' String halt he calleth "grand action,'

and kicking, lifting the feet well up.' If a mare bare the Defray all taxes and excises,

farcical disease, he nameth her out of Comedy,' and selleth And impositions of all prices;

Blackbird for a racer, because he hath a cunning thrush. Bear all the expense of peace and war,

Horses that drink only water, he justly warranteth to be temAnd pay the pulpit and the bar;

perate,' and if dead lame, declareth them 'good in all their Maintain all character and religions,

paces, seeing that they can go but one. Roaring he calleth And give the pastor's institutions,

sound,' ant a steed that high bloweth in running, he com(And those who have the greatest flocks,

pareth to Eclipse, for he outstrippeth the wind. Another Are primitive and orthodox;)

might be entered at a steeple chase, for why—he is as fast as a Support all schismatics and sects,

chürch. Thorough pin with him is synonymous with perfect And pay them for tormenting texts ;

leg.' If a nag cougheth, 'tis a 'clever hack.' If his knees be Take all doctrines off their hands,

fractured, he is well broke for a gig or saddle.? If he reareth,

he is above sixteen hands high."" 'If he hath drawn a terce in And pay 'em in good rent and lands;

a cart, he is a good fencer. If he biteth, he shows good cour. Discharge all costly offices,

age; and he is playful merely, though he should play the devil. The doctor's and the lawyer's fees,

If he runneth away, he calleth him off the Gretna road, and las The hangman's wages and the scores,

been used to carry a lady.' If a cob stumbleth, he considereth Of caterpillars, bawds, and

him a true goer, and addeth, the proprietor parteth from him Discharge all damages and costs,

to go abroad.' Thus, without much profession of religioo, yet Of Knights, and Esquires of “ The Posts.' he is truly Christian-like in practice, for he dealeth not in de All statesmen, cutpurses, and padders,

traction, and would not disparage the character even of a brute. And pay for all their ropes and ladders ;

Like unto love, he is blind unto all blemishes, and seeth only a

virtue, meanwhile he gazeth at a vice. He taketh the kick of All pettifoggers, and all sorts

a nag's hoof like a love-token, saying only, before standers-by, Of markets, churches, and of courts;

Poor fellow, he knoweth me!' and he is content rather to pass All sums of money paid or spent,

as a bad rider, than that the horse should be held restive or With all the charges “incident."

over-mettlesome which discharges him from its back. If it

hath bitten him beside, and, moreover, bruised his limb against SRAPS.

a coach-wheel, then, constantly returning good for evil, be ORIGINAL AND SELECTED. Advantage Of EVEN A LITTLE KNOWLEDGE.-The all the steeds in the stable. In short, the worse a horse may

giveth it but the better character, and recommendeth it before mysteries of magnetism should be unfolded to the sailor, be, the more he chanteth his praise, like a crow that croweth above all men, since he is the one, of all others, whose

over Old Ball, whose lot it is on a common to meet with the safety depends on its phenomena. He should be told, that

common lot.-Hood. on electro-magnetic principles, he would materially influ. LUNATICS.–From a report made in 1829, it appears that there ence the march of the needle by wiping the glass which was at that time in England, in confinement in public lunatic screens it, especially with silk. It is some years ago since establishments, 1189 male, and 1314 female lunatics, or idiots ; a fact was communicated to me, which may be adduced in in private lunatic asyluns, 1770 males, and 1964 fernales; ia illustration ; it was that of a ship which arrived at Liver- workhouses, &c. 36 inales, and 52 females ; making, in the pool, after having been for several weeks the sport of winds whole, 6,325 persons in confinement. The pumber of indiand waves; the mariner's compass having been washed viduals

, in the condition of lunatica, or idiots, who rere at overboard in a storm, their voyage was dreary and pro- females; making a total of persons at large, of 6,222. The

large, or with their relations, was 3,029 males, and 3,193 crastinated, much caution being necessary, and despite of total number of lunatics was 6,806, and of idiots 5,741; make which, their fate, but for a fortuitous circumstance, mighting together 12,547 insane persons. To these must be added have been inevitably sealed. Now, had the simple fact of 1,500 persons belongiog either to parishes from which no retures the extreme ease with which a mariner's needle might be bad been made when the lists of the clerks of the peace were made, been known to any on board, the peril might have made out, or to towns which are counties of themselves, and been avoided. A sewing needle, or the blade of a pen

which are not included in this summary: This addition knive, being held in an upright posture, and struck by a makes the whole number above 14,000, of whom no fewer than hammer, and subsequently floated by cork on water, or 11,000 are paupers, and maintained at the expense of their suspended by a thread without torsion, would become a respective parishes. Taking the whole of England, the magnetic-needle, and point north and south; or the end of average is one insane person to every 1000 of the population. a poker held vertically, and passed over its surface from one extreme to the other, would impart magnetism, and

CONTENTS OF NO. XVIII. which, if the needle be of steele, would be of a permanent HOLYDAY RAMBLES, No. V.-The Eildon Hills....... character.-Mechanics' Magazine.-[ The cotsman re On Itinerating Libraries... cently gave an instance where a whole fleet of fishing boats

The Quakers and the Church.........

USEFUL NOTICES..... would have been saved, if the fishermen had known the

On Dr. Chalmer's Late Work.. use of the marine barometer. ]

Years of Pestilence and Famine in Scotland....

ELEMENTS OF ThougT.-Words in Season from Napoleon-The A horse-dealer is a double dealer, for he dealeth more in

Future Prospects of Europe and America.... double meanings than your pupster. When he giveth his word, THE STORY-TELLER.---Props of the Pulpit-Paddy Foorbane's it signifieth little, howbeit it standeth for two significations. Fricassee...... He putteth his promises, like his colts, in a brake. Over his

COLUMN FOR THE LADIES.-An Essay on Flirts. mouth, truth, like the turnpike-man, writeth up, No trust. Scotch Bankrupt Law....... Whenever he speaketh, his spoke hath more turns than the VERSES FOR THE YOUNG.................................. fore-wheel. He telleth' lies, not white only or black, but like. Jack Taylor...... wise grey, bay, chesnut.brown, cream, and roan—pie-bald and Universality of Taxation ...... skew-bald. He sweareth as many oaths out of court as any Humorous Letter of an Highland Emigrant man, and more in ; for he will swear two ways about a horse's The Rabble.... dam. Jf, by God's grace, he be something honest, it is only a SCRAPS, Original and Selected dapple, for he can be fair and unfair at once. He hath much imagination, for he selleth a complete set of capital harness, EDINBURGH: Printed by and for Joan JOHNSTONE, 19, St. James's of which there be no traces. He advertiseth a coach, warrant

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Hence proceed “ all uncharitableness,” and “ all de APPRECIATED.

ceivableness of unrighteousness." 1. The degree of the good or evil, and merit or demerit

2. When they impose unnecessary burdens, in order that of any act, estimated in foro humano, if not in foro poli,

a few may be unjustly be ted, at the expense of the is precisely in proportion to the extent of the beneficial or many ;—as when they sanction the maintenance of injurious effects which do, or may result from its operation

useless establishments of any description, in order that on society at large.

the useless scions of the aristocracy may be supported, II. Hence, those who frame or regulate the institutions,

at the expense of the community; and more especially or direct, sway, and influence the conduct and circum.

when, for the same unrighteous purpose, they sanction stances of society, are more meritorious or more criminal

the existence of sinecures, and the payment of unthan others, in proportion to the extent of the power which

merited pensions. they exercise on the community, and the good or bad con.

3. When they impose partial and unjust restrictions on sequences which do or may result from it.

industry, and sanction monopolies, and confer excluIII. It is consequently implied, that kings, governors,

sive privileges, for the exclusive benefit of certain classes, magistrates, legislators, electors, and other public function

orders, or individuals; or when they impose duties on aries and trustees; and also priests, authors, editors, and

commodities, for the same iniquitous purpose, and not other public instructors; and, in general, all those who have

for the legitimate end of adding to the receipts of the the power, coercively or influentially, to command direct,

public Fisc. It is obvious to every one of ordinary or modify the conduct, and alter the circumstances of the

intelligence, that the Corn Laws are of this descripvarious classes, and the general body of society, are, when

tion, and nothing better than a gigantic system of they transgress the respective moral duties, particularly in.

THEFT, iniquitously and sinfully legalized, for the cumbent on them in their public capacities, more deeply re

purpose of adding to the wealth and power, and consponsible, and more criminal, than others whose power of

sequently to the injurions and demoralizing influence, doing good or evil is more limited. This is true of sins

of a rapacious, insolent, and tyrannical aristocracy,

hostile to of omission as well as commission.

he promotion of virtue and the general

happiness. IV. The King who wantonly rushes into an unjust and

4. When they alleviate the burdens of the rich, and add unnecessary aggressive war, is a far greater sinner than the

to the onerosity of those imposed upon, or chiefly afhighway robber, who murders him on whose property he

fecting the poor. Of this species of iniquity our fiscal Keizes. To approve, expressly or tacitly, the conduct of such

code affords numerous examples, especially in those a king, however successful in conquest, is greatly more cri.

acts which impose duties on consumable commodi. minal than to screen the murdering robber from condign

ties. punishment. V. The GOVERNOR or MAGISTRATE, who perpetrates

5. When they interpose obstacles to the speedy, efficient,

and economical administration of justice, or commit it an act of injastice, is more criminal than the private cheat. VI. The LEGISLATOR who, wilfully or carelessly,

to faithless or incompetent functionaries. Of these gives his sanction to laws of necessarily evil operation

evils the English code of procedure, and the toleration and tendency, and thus gives occasion to the augmentation

of such a Magistracy as “ the Great Unpaid," afford and extension of sin, is greatly more criminal and sinful

examples. than the individual who, in his own person, commits ini. All such laws necessarily give confidence and daring to quity.

the evil-minded : They generate a rapacious and dishonest VII. Laws necessarily give extension and intensity to spirit, and lead individuals to rely on finesse, manauvre, sin.

and deceitful expedients, rather than on honest, industrious, 1. When they deny the liberty of religious belief, and and righteous conduct.

prohibit certain modes of worship, by generating an VIII. The ELECTOR who, wilfully or carelessly, conintolerant, uncharitable, and persecuting spirit,—by tributes to the choosing of a legislator, who wilfully sancencouraging hypocritical conformity as the price o tions, or is incompetent to perceive the evil, or to oppose worldly benefit, and by encouraging, in the favoured the enacting, of a bad law, is, so far as his suffrage contrisect, an insolent, spirit of tyrannical domination butes to the election, responsible for the evil which may

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