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Arlon Mowry represents the seventh generation of the Mowry family, now residing in Providence County.
Nathaniel Mowry, its progenitor, was born in 1664, and died March 24th, 1717. He settled on territory purchased of the Indians, afterward a portion of the town of Smithfield, Providence County, which later in the sub-division of the tract became North Smithfield.
Among his children was a son Henry, who was the father of Uriah. Jonathan, a son of the latter, was a physician, and a Quaker preacher of much repute in those early days. Both he and his wife, Deborah, were exemplary and ardent examples of the faith they espoused. Their son, Caleb, was the grandfather of the subject of this biography. His son Barney had five sons, Orrin P., Albert, Arlon, Stafford and Atwill by his first wife, Phila Mowry, and one son, Erwin Arista, by his second wife, Urana S. Steere.
Arlon Mowry was born February 23d, 1833, in the town of Smithfield, and attended the schools of his native town until the spring of 1849, when he became a pupil of Mount Union Seminary, in Stark County, Ohio.
After an interval spent in teaching, he returned to the above institution, and pursued his studies until the spring of 1851, when, on his return to lis native town, he attended the seminary at North Scituate, Rhode Island, and Saxton's River Seminary, Vermont, graduating under the preceptorship of a Mr. Ward, a noted instructor at the Westminster Seminary, in Westminster, Vermont.
Mr. Mowry was engaged in teaching a portion of the time until 1857, when he entered into business as a merchant in Woonsocket, at the same time cultivating his farm in the town of Smithfield, and met with success in both enterprises. His political career began in 1861, when he was elected a member of the town council of Smithfield, and served
continuously until the division of the town in 1871, the last four years filling the office of president of that body. He was Collector of Taxes for the town from 1862 to 1871, and during the war of the rebellion was Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue, collecting from the territory of Smithfield alone the sum of $1,386,992.30, thus indicating the large amount flowing into the United States Treasury from the entire county. Mr. Mowry was elected to the Rhode Island House of Representatives in 1868, and served continuously until 1871.
He represented the town of North Smithfield in questions arising from a division of the town of Smithfield, and was elected a committee to act jointly with others from the towns of Lincoln, Smithfield and Woonsocket, to prepare a written history of the old town of Smithfield. Mr. Mowry, on a division of above town, became identified with North Smithfield, representing it for three successive years in the Rhode Island Senate, and a like period in the House of Representatives. With the exception of an interval of two years, he served for six consecutive years as member and president of the towo council, but declined further local honors. Mr. Mowry still retains his residence in North Smithfield, though much of his time is spent in the City of Providence, where he also has a home. He was elected president of the Mechanics’ Savings Bank of Woonsocket, January 5th, 1885. On September 13th, 1887, he was elected president of the National Globe Bank, also of Woonsocket, and still retains both positions. He is, in addition to these trusts, a director of the National Union Bank. His long connection with public business in the northern portion of the state has afforded him an extended acquaintance, and established a reputation for integrity and judicious management of public as well as private trusts. In matters of dispute his opinion, given after mature deliberation, carries with it conviction.
Mr. Mowly married Harriet, daughter of Isaac and Susan Wightman, who died in 1864, leaving four children, Emma Lillian, Eugene Clayton, Wilfred Lester, who died in childhood, and Harriet W. Eugene Clayton graduated from the medical department of the University of Vermont in 1889, and is now practicing in New York City.
THE REPORT OF THE SECRETARY.
MEETINGS OF THE BOARD.
The Board held three meetings during the year 1893. At the meeting beld January 19 a committee was appointed “ to arrange a place for and to execute a test of tuberculine, as an indicator in diagnosing cases of tuberculosis in cattle. Messrs. Brown, Mowry and Flagg were made the committee.
At this meeting the Secretary was directed to call the attention of all manufacturers of commercial fertilizers doing business in the state to their failure, if any, to fully comply with the requirements of the fertilizer law during the past year, to forward to such persons copies of the law, and to warn them that they will be prosecuted if they fail to comply with the law during the coming season.
Mr. C. 0. Flagg was made a committee to consult with the authorities in Massachusetts and Connecticut in regard to establishing a quarantine between the states of animals infected with tuberculosis.
The annual report of the Board as prepared by the Secretary was presented and accepted.
At the meeting held June 13 the following officers were elected : Abner F. Peckham, of Providence, Cattle Commissioner for Providence County ; Benjamin W. Burlingame, of Warwick, Cattle Commissioner for Kent County ; B. H. Lawton, of Wickford, Cattle Commissioner for Washington County ; William Williams, of Bristol, Cattle Commissioner for Bristol County; Thomas A. H. Tefft, of Jamestown, Cattle Commissioner for Newport County ; Obadiah Brown,
Cattle Appraiser for the state ; Messrs. Brown, Mowry and Potter members of the Executive Committee ; George A. Stockwell, Secretary of the Board. The employment of a veterinarian was left with the Appraiser, Mr. Obadiah Brown.
At the meeting held November 22, George A. Stockwell, Secretary of the Board, was elected delegate to the National Farmers' Congress, held in Savannah, Georgia, on December 12, 13 and 14.
WORK OF THE BOARD.
SUPPRESSION OF TUBERCULOSIS.
The work of the Board in the suppression of tuberculosis, systematically begun in 1892, has been prosecuted vigorously throughout the year. The importance of this work becomes more apparent as it proceeds. Interest in it is not confined to the Board, or to the owners of cattle. The consumer of milk, beef, pork and mutton has begun to make inquiries in regard to these products, and demand protectionprotection that may come from the continuation of the work now intrusted to the Board. Many applications have come from different parts of the state for the inspection of cattle. The fact that many herds are found to be free from the disease, shows that the farmer realizes the importance of knowing the condition of his stock. The suppression of tuberculosis is a vital question, and must be met. Authorities in other states take this view of it, and have already set in motion legislative and other machinery by which the disease may be eradicated.
WORK OF THE COMMISSIONERS.
A Commissioner in each county is appointed annually by the Board to inspect the cattle in his district, and to report the discovery of any tuberculosis animal, or of any animal infected with any infectious or contagious disease. The number of animals killed during the year by order of the Board was 261—247 cows, three bulls, three oxen and eight logs. These animals were condemned as tuberculous, but post mortem examination revealeil the fact that twenty of these animals were not tuberculous. Of the twenty non-tuberculous animals
five were condemned by tuberculin alone in the “ Tuberculin Test,” made February 24, when twenty-two animals were killed. Deducting the twenty-two animals killed in the “ Tuberculin Test” from 261—the number killed during the year-239 remain, for which the Commissioners and veterinarian employed by the Board are directly responsible. Therefore, while tuberculin, in the "Test” failed in five cases in twenty-two, yet the Commissioners and veterinarian made only fifteen errors in 239 cases.
REPORTS OF COMMISSIONERS.
To the State Board of Agriculture :
In answer to your inquiry I will say that my duties as Cattle Commissioner have led me to travel on an average twelve miles per day for nearly 300 days during the year. That I have inspected upward of 7,500 head of cattle, and have killed over 200 cows and also eight bogs. I find in most cases that owners of cattle are awake to the necessity of having their herds examined, and, if any animals are found with symptoms of tuberculosis, of having them killed, although in a few instances owners of diseased animals have tried to conceal the presence of the disease, and have disposed of them to traders, who put them in the market. Some butchers will notify the Commissioner immediately when such animals are brought to them, while others will sell them for beef. In many of the herds where animals have been found to be diseased and killed, the milk has been sold in Providence for daily consumption. The fact that the disease, it is believed, can be transmitted to the human family from infected cattle, has been made the subject of universal interest. In the discharge of his duties the Commissioner should have the support of the general public.
ABNER F. PECKHAM,
Commissioner for Providence County. PROVIDENCE, December 31, 1893.
To the State Board of Agriculture :
During the year 1893 I travelled 794 miles, and inspected 2,279 cows and other cattle. As a rule, farmers and owners of cattle were willing to have their stock inspected. In most cases the milk of tuberculous cows was used up to the time of the discovery of the disease. I have never seen a tubercu
* The advocates of tuberculin claim that two of the five animals condemned by tuberculin in the “ Tuberculin Test” were tuberculous. Yet the State pald full appraised value for one animal, and would have paid full value for the other if the other had not been the property of the State.